I PAGES 9-12 I
VOL. 1, NO. 18.
HONOLULU, TEnniTORY OF HAW All, SUNDAY, MAY 25, 1902.
PMCB FIVE CENTS.
Banner Sugar Output of the Hawaiian Islands
"Tr" . ' CTp'iT-vayw'
II Marvelous Growth of the
Immense Property from
Forest to Cane Fields
Tho rapid strides that have taken
placo In tho BUgar Industry of tho Ha-
wallan Islands, and or mo enormous'
shipments ot the raw product to tho
refineries of tho Mainland and tho
East are something remarkable, and
fully demonstrato tho great possibili
ties of the soil ot Hawaii.
The Introduction of vast mills 'built
urion the most modern lines nnd Ideas,
hjs been n great factor in bringing tho
plantations forward, as likewise tho In
stallation of now and original mechan
ical Ideas, whereby tho coBt of produc
ing a ton of raw sugar has been great
Again, tho use of crtido oil for fuel
purposes will still further lessen ex
penses and, perhaps, effect a largo
saving In labor.
Great Plantation at Olaa.
As showing tho growing Importanco
of tho sugar Industry of tho Island ot
Hawaii, and of Iho vast magnitude ot
tho operations of somo of tho planta
tions, refcrenco In detail Is made to
the properties of tho Olaa Sugar Com
pany, Limited, which Is now grinding
Its product In a magnificent nine-roller
mill with full equipment, and where
will be turned out at the end of tho
the season's run fully 20,000 tons ot
No. 1 sugar, tho largest first crop ever
taken off from a single plantation In
the history of tho Hawaiian Islands, or
In fact anywhere else In tho sugar
producing sections ot tho world.
When It Is generally known that tho
Olaa Sugar Company has actually ac
compllshod such results, a feeling of
confidence will supplant tho one hith
erto existing that ilio plantation mill
results would not bear up tho state
ments advanced by many directly and
i wiirnMlv Interested In tho ultimate
success of tho undertaking.
April a Good Month,
n-u. ,.., nf nrll was a rcd-lcttef
one in the history of W saga Indus
(try of tho Island of Hawaii, made so
'by tho wonderful sugar returns ob
tained for a run of one week durlns
A mere assortlon Is no argument, so
. herewith are given tho exact results
secured, and taken from tho books ol
the sugar boiler, and which are thor
Results o-btalncd from nine-roller mill
erected by Honolulu Iron Works,
guaranteed capacity 175 tons dried
raw sugar In twenty-four hours:
Monday, April 21
Tuesday, April 22 ...
Wednesday, April 23.
Thursday, April 21
Saiuruaj, !" - "
Total 1.055 1880-2000
Nos. 2 and 3 grades, rcmcltcd and
converted Into No. 1. or shipping, su
gar, resulted in a still further increase
of 257 tons, giving a grand total of
1312 1880-2000' tons of No. 1,
or shipping sugar, In five days nine
teen and one-half hours.
This Is tho banner, or largest, week
, TAleld ot sugar ever turned out In ho
history of the sugar Industry of tho
Hawaiian Islands, and perhaps In any
of the sugar-productlons sections of ha
world from a nine-roller mill of equal
"The m'lll upon tho Ewa plantation on
the Island of Oahu made a record run
some time ago ot 1.053 tons In s x full
working, or 24-hour, days, about 15 pet
cent of the total product being No. i
grade of sugar, which was sacked and
shipped, nut In the case ot tho Olaa
mill no low-grado sugars wcro shipped
they were simply remolted.
An Excellent Outlook.
Up to the present tlmo tho compa
ny's books show a total sugar output
of nearly 12,000 tons with fully two
months run ahead of the mill. The
work of clearing largor areas of land
Is being proceeded with and tho cane
area will bo Increased at tho rato of
1,000 acres annually for tho ensuing
three years. Tho flume system Is grad
ually being extended, and much othor
necessary work Is being proceeded
in tho mndtict ot a property of ruch
magnltudo more or less vexing ques
tions aro constantly arising, and qulto
naturally somo matters connected with
Individual cano growers will necessa
rily have to bo adjusted, but on tho
whole, matters aro proceeding along
The rattoons for tho 1903 crop nre
looking well, and without question will
have a sugar yield equal to tho first
Advantages of Railroad.
Upon tho plantation nre about flvo
Iiuudred Porto Itlcans, tho malo portion
of whom It Is said arc giving satlsfac
tlon as laborers, and who are under
the supervision of A. E. Mlnvllto.
The competition of tho magnificent
railroad system of tho Illlo Railroad
Company to Mountain Vlow has great
ly expedited tho opening up ot the
mauka lands of the company In many
ways, such ns tho landing of lumber
and supplies and conveying cano to tho
mill, where It Is not possible to handle
the product by the Hume' system.
Ono can fully appreciate tho vast
possibilities of such a plantation with'
In the next flvo years, when it la
known that tho company controls fully
21,000 acres ot land, a largo percentage
of which Is well adapted for growing
cane. Again, It must be understood
that much of the land now in growlug
cano has lain dormant for a long time,
nd wil) require considerable cultlva
'Ion In order (o reach Its highest stage
Additions to the Mill.
To meet tho Increased yields of
:ano from "season to season, tho mill
las so been constructed that an addi
tional nine-roller mill can bo installed
it any time, and tho probabilities arn
that such addition will become a ne
cessity within two years.
Passing from one field to another,
one becomes Impressed with tho np-
pcaranco of tho growing cane, as like
wise tho general air. of thrift to bo
seen on every band, while tho labor
ers seem contented and tho work ot tho
plantation goes on without any Inter
ruption. Tho original Ideas advanced 'as to
tho handling ot tho property by tfio
manager and his valuable (Tsslstants
havo been practically carried out, thcro
being but a few nominal changes
mado or Introduced.
Tho second o'r 1903 crop ot tho
plantation will come from fully C000
acres, so ono can figure with somo de
gree of accuracy what tho output ot
tho mill will be for thnt year.
Changes at the Plantation.
It was thought by many that cane
planted at the higher elevations would
not stand high In sucrose, but tho
evenness of growth and general re
sults are highly satisfactory.
Lately soveral changes in tho mill
hands havo taken place. Harvey
Wicks, formerly engineer at tho Ho
nokna Sugar Company, is now superin
tending engineer, whllo M. McQuald,
formerly chemist at tho Honomu mill,
has assumed that position at tho Olaa.
Tho boiling of tho sugar Is In tho
bands ot II. W. Flncko and O. Fro
bocso, both of whom havo had years of
experience In leading sugar mills In
tho Hawaiian Islands.
And so tbo work ot manufacturing
sugar goes steadily on, each and every
department ot tho plantation being In
tho hands of practical men, who like
wise work hand In hand with F. II. Mc
Stockcr, manager of this vast sugar es
tate. In tho compilation of this report up
on tho plantation properties of tho
Olaa Sugar Company, Limited, nn ef
fort has been mado to glvo credit to
thoso who hnvo greatly aided tho man
agement In bringing tho property up to
Its present successful development. Ta
Mr. Horan belongs the credit of having
contributed largely to tlieBo conditions
as ho has practically been Identified
with tho property boforo and since Us
Mr. Horan is a nativo of Liverpool,
England, whero ho was born In 1863,
coming to tho United Stalos when but
a lad. After remaining a number ot
years In tho Eastern States he came
direct to the Hawaiian Islands fifteen
rv. wnimLjM jaysm
IVST Urc. ri;U
E. A. HORAN.
E(WD A. HORAN
GREAT RESULTS OBTAINED AT OLAAlSome Facts About the Men
years ago, where he has followed with
out interruption for that period tho In
dustries ot tho cultivation of codec and
Expert In Sugar and Coffee.
For years ho was Identified with
such plantations as the Makawell, on
ho Island of Kauai; tho Hawaiian
Commercial, on Maul; the Paauhau,
l'npaloa, Hakalau and other planta
tions on tho Island of Hawaii.
Mr. Horan Is tho section luna at tho
ntnc-mllo point on tho Olaa plantation
md, ns such, ho has a largo area ol
enno land under his charge, and also
the overseeing of n large number of la
oorcrs. During an Interview with Mr, Horan
by the Uulletln representative ho stat
ed that he attributed tho unbounded
success of the Olaa Sugar Company
and Its enormous sugar yield to tho
high order of executive ability display
ed by II. K. McStockcr. the general
manager of tho property, in his ar
rangement of the vast scope of plan
tation work, ono of fiio most Impor
tant of which was that ot constructing
roads throughout tho plantation, thus
affording easy access to each and ev
ory fllcld. This makes It possible to
plant a largo acreage and greatly ex
pedites the movement of men and
teams, fertilizers, plows, etc.
Flumes a Great Factor.
Tho construction of flumes, snys
Mr. Horan, has been a great factor In
the still further development of tho
plantation, nllowtng the conveying of
cano product to tho mill at a nominal
cost, as also tho flumlng ot seed to tho
planting fields and of firewood tq
camps and mill.
The water supply, also, as develop
ed by tunnels at Kaumana, was large
ly duo to tho foresight of tho manager,
who was ably assisted by Peter Mc
line, tho head luna or overseer of the
O00000- O O 0004000000OK' o o ooooo
IJuddhlsm teaches that all things,
both abstract and concrete, aro pro-
duced and destroyed by certain causes
nnd combinations of circumstances;
nnd that tho state of our present life'
nnd what wo do by our present actions
will b,o tho causes of our state of exist'
ence In tbo futuro life.
As our doings are good or bad and
ot different degrees of cxccllcnco or
ovll, so these produce different cflccis
through many degrees of suffering or
happiness ; all men nnd other sentient
beings havo an Interminable existence,
dying In ono form and being re-born in
another; so that If men wish to cscapo
from a miserable state of tranamlgra
tlon, they must cut oft tho causes.
which aro the passions, such, for ex
ample, as covetousnoss, anger, etc.
Object of Buddhism.
Tho principal object of Ouddhlsm Is
to cnablo men to oCtaln salvation from
misery according to tho do'trlno ot
"extinction of passion." This doctrlno
is tho causo of salvation, and salvation
is the effect of this doctrine.
This salvation is railed Nirvana, able world and to enter Into Paradise most Important thing; believing that
which means eternal happiness, and Is In tho nejt llfo. From tho tlmo of nt tho moment of putting our faith In
tho stato ot Iluddha. putting faith In tho saving desiro of Amlta Iluddha, our salvation Is set
It Is, however, very difficult to cut iluddha thcro Is no need of nny power tied. From that moment, Invocation
off all tho passions, but Buddhism pro- of self help, hut need only to keep his of his namo Is observed to express
fesscs to teach many ways of obtain- mercy In heart nnd Invoko his nnmo In gratitude and thankfulness for Budd
ing this object. order to remember him. Theso doings ha's mercy. Moreover, being thankful
Nagardjuna, the Indian saint, said aro called "thanksgiving for ralva- for tho reception of this doctrlno from
mat in uuddhlsm there nre many ways
ensy and difficult, as In worldly ways.
somo painful llko a mountainous Jour-
ney, others pleasant like sailing on tho tholr wny of obtaining Balvatlon, tho a dark night, we must also keep tho
sea. ThcBO ways may bo classed In only dlffercnco being In their profes- laws which pro fixed lor our duty dur
two divisions, ono being called "self Blon or business; and consequently Ing our whole llfo.
TOM SHARKEY RUNNING
Tom Shaikoy, tho well known
sporting carnival In England, has
fighter drives tho fast flyer, Dick
THE OLAA MILL.
power" or help through self, and tho
other called "the power ot others" or
;ne,u hro8h another.
The "Shlnihlu" Sect.
Our sect, called "Shlnshlu," literally.
canin ,.Truo doctrne" which was
founded by Shlnran Shonln. teaches
tho doctrine of "help from another."
Now what Is tho "power of nnoth- oven to Amlta Huddba, because the
err' It is tho great power of Amlta events of tho present llfo cannot bo al
Iluddha. Amlta means "boundless." tercd by tho power of others, and
and It Is believed that tho llfo end teach tho followers of tho sect to do
light of Iluddha aro both perfect; also their moral duty; loving each other,
that othor Iluddhas obtained their keeping order nnd tho laws of tho
stato of Iluddhashlp Dy the help at Government.
Amltn Iluddha. Therefore Amlta Ilud- Thcro nre many writings stating tho
dha Is cnlled tho chief of the Iluddhas. principles Inculcated by this sect, but
Amlta Iluddha always exercises his only tho translation of tho following
boundless mercy upon all creatures creed, which was written by Itcnnyo
nnd shows a great desire to help and Shonln, who was the chief priest of
Inllucnco all pcoplo who rely on him tho eighth generation from tho found
to complete all merits and bo re-born or, Is given:
Into Pnrodlso (Nirvana). CREED.
Sect for Salvation. Ilcjerting all religious austerities
Shlnshlu sect pays no attention to and other action, giving up nil Idea of
tho other Duddhas and putif faith only bcK power, rely upon Amlta Iluddha
In tho great desire of Amlta Iluddha, with tho wholo heart, for wo our salvn-
.expecting to escape from tho miser- tlon In tho futuro llfo. which Is tho
In this sect thcro Is no difference bO'
twocn priest nnd layman, as concerns
x&23ftr & jucr WKr.rji
Bailor pugilist who Is to fight (Ins Iluhlln,
now blossomed forth as n driver ot fast
Wolla his fnvorlto pacer.
The clearing of land by tho aid of
steam machinery made It posBlblo to
plant a much greater area than could
have been possible by tho aid of ordi
nary hand labor. The erection of saw
mills to convert the fallen timber Into
lumber for constructing camps and In
tho manufacture of railroad tics was a
wise movo and, wherever It has been
posslblo to do so, tho management of
this vast cstato has Introduced labor
saving machinery for the purpose of
reducing the cost of producing a ton
of raw sugar.
Trying Conditions Overcome.
Mr. Horan takes a pardonable pride
In Hie general bucccss of tho proper
ty, ns he Is doubly aware of tho trying
conditions which had to bo overcome
In tho building up of tho present mag
nificent estate ot tho Olaa Sugar Com
All nlantatton raanacers on Hawaii
the priest Is allowed to marry and to
cat flesh and fish, which is prohibited
to the members ot other Uuddhlst
Their Moral Duty.
Again, this sect forbids "all prayers
or supplications for happiness In the
present life, to any of tho Duddhas,
tho founder and succeeding chief
priests, whoso teachings wcro so bo
novolent, nnd ob welcomo as Unlit in
tho Akron Giant, at the coronation
Bpccdlng horses. The nautical prlzo
Who Transformed Nature
Into a Good Money Maker
fully realize tho difficulties In starting 1
up a now plantation, especially ono on
tho scale of tho Olaa. in Its dlfflcul-'the
lies In securing tho great amount of
seed found necessary to plnnt so largo i
nn nrca tho Oloa plantation wbb very
much handicapped, being compelled to
haul seed from twenty to sixty miles
In wagon teams. Tho magnificent
showing made even In tho face of all a luxury In the district, ond when tha
these obstacles has had n marked ten present road to tho Volcano was con
dency to create n pardonable prldo nnd ' structcd only to a point fourteen mile
Interest among tho attaches of tho
Through the efforts of Peter Mcltac.
the head lunn, and also ot Mr. Hornn,
they fully demonstrate the fact that
511VW nwjin 1,111 i,v iii.Qiu iivui MiDavivu
i.nml jiMmi ..n.. lin mlnml fnm Inn.nlntl
seed that had not time to "laulau." It
Is a fact worthy of note that tho ripen
ed cano from this tassclcd seed, which
consisted of 240 acres, produced as
much sugar In proportion to tho land
planted as was produced by top seed.
No report upon tho Olaa plantation
would he considered comptcto at this
time without the names of those who
had materially assisted In bringing the
property to Its present stago of growth
The gentleman whoso namo heads
this list is tho chief overseer on tho
Olaa plantation, to whom much credit
Is duo for his practical knowledge of
plantation work, the evidences of
which arc observable on this planta
tion. Mr. Mcltac Is n nativo of Nova Sco
tia, whero ho waB born forty-seven
years ago. He has resided perma
nently on tho Island of Hawaii for tho
past twenty-two years, following tho
Industry ot raising BUgar cano for tho
i.ntlrn tinrlnil Vnr twMvit vnnrn hrt
was connected with the Hawaiian Ag
rlcultural Company nt Pahala and for
seven years with tho Illlo Sugar Com
pany near Illlo, where ho Introduced
tho syBtem of V flumes.
In Charge of 2,000 Men.
Mr. Mcltao has been Identified with
tho Olaa Sugar Company slnco its in
ception, threo years hgo, and has
ivntr-hnfl (In wrmvtti nnil itnvolnninpnt
day by day, having under his dlroct
charge tho labor of 2,000 men.
As head overseer the work of water
development and construction of nn
oxtcnslvo llumo system for conveylnH
tho sugar' cano to tho mill becamo a
part ol his multifarious duties.
Mr. McTlae has always been a stronfl
advocate of tho possibilities of tha
Olaa plantation, pinning his faith In
Its grand futuro by investing largely
In tho stock of tho company.
Tho prcsiiit sugar results from tha
cano In tho mill must ccrtnlnly bo very
gratifying to this gentleman, who ccr
ninny uu muuri'ti iiiivi-itouiKiy iu
bring about tho present conditions.
Mr. Iwasakl, tho gentleman whoso
namo heads this article. Is a nativo of
Japan, whero he first saw the light ol
day thirty-llvo years ago.
For tho past ten years ho has resid
ed on the Island of Hawaii, and for tho
past eight years has been an extensive
contractor In the (tearing of land,
planting of large areas to coffee and
sugar at tho nlno and twcnty-mllo
At tho present tlmo he has under
lenso from tho Olaa Sugar Company
fully COO ncres of land at cloven and
(welvc-mllo points 011 tho Olaa road,
which was cleared and whero tho firs I
Lahotna cano was, planted In Juno.
1901. Of this area some 500 acres
havo been harvested and ground In
At Japanese Headquarters.
;,ir. Iwasakl has boorridentlflcd with
tlic Olaa plantation from Its very In-
coptlon, nnd has watched Its gradual
utngos of wonderful development day
bv dnv. and nt n limn when miwln u-orn
At Kcaau. eleven miles from Hlln.
s tIC home nlace and nlnntntlnn l.rnd.
quarters ot his can properties, whero
,0 iina built up In tho short spaco ot
threo years a model location.
Hero can be found tropical and sojil-
tropical trees of remarkable growth;
orange nnd lime trees, Tiananas, etc.
The homo placo consists of eighty
acres upon which has been expended
upwards of $10,000 In buildings, tha
Improvements of grounds, stables, etc.
At the present time Mr. Iwasakl has
In his employ about 800 men who or
conJTortably quartered In flvo separata
camps on tlio plantation which am
kept In tho best of sanitary condition.
Labor Troubles Avoided.
The question of labor has been a
very serious proposition on tho Island
of Hawaii, but tho Olaa plantation has
probably suffered less from that causs
than any other single plantation.
Mr. Iwasakl has been an important
factor In tho labor condition of tho
plantation, and upon moro than ono
occasion has come to tho rescue of tbo
Olaa company, which has fully appre
ciated his services.
Mr. Iwasakl is a decidedly progress
ive man, and through his Individual
efforts has done much to elevate and
promote many Ideas among his own
people, of whom several thousands aro
employed in the Olaa a'nd Puna dis
tricts of Hawaii.
For Instance, ho put on foot the con
struction of a $5,000 church to be dedi
cated to tho (Shlnshlu) sect of nudd.
hlsm. land for tho purpose being glv
en by the Olaa plantation through Ita
Co-operative 8ystem a Success.
The manager of tho Olaa Sugar Com
pany has upon Bovcral occasions seen
fit to congratulate Mr. Iwasakl upon
his efficient asslstanco In extending
on tho Olaa plantation tho co-opcratlva
system of labor which has been sa
beneficial to tho laborer, and also for
his faithful and Intelligent handling of
largo contracts. aTT of which has aided
materially In bringing about tho grail-
rymg results In tho magnificent nine
roller mill of tho company.
Passing from ono field to another
whero tho sugar cano Is being cut.
weighed and transported to tho splcn-
did Hume system which traverses tho
' hrnnnrlv nnn n .. ti,.. ..
property, one can readily determlnn
by tho appearance of tho cano prod
uct that proper cultivation hns been
bestowed upon It.,
Good Yield from Cane.
In Borne enscs the cane has yielded
as high as eight and ten tons of sugar
to the acre, whllo tho avcrago ot all
fields taken off will bo flvo nnd ono-
half tons of Bugar to tho aero, which
a remarkable showlna
upon new soil.
In this report Is shown a view ot
.some nineteen months' old first rat-
.toons on the Walpahoehoo lands on
tho Puna road, the lands comprising
somo threo hundred ncroa grown un
dor contract with the Olaa Sugar Corn-
pany by Mr. Iwasakl.
I n brief, Mr. Iwasakl Is ono of tha
(cnterprlslng cano growers of tho Olaa
district, and as such Is entitled to tha
distinction accorded him In this report
of tho Olaa district. Ho Is recognized
(by all who como In contact with him
(ln a business way ns being thoroughly
reiinuio nnd n man or strict Integrity
nnd sterling qualities.
Mr. Peter Lee Is qulto an cxtcnslvo
cano grower In tho Olaa district, and
cleared tho first land for tho Olaa Su
gar Company, Limited, under a con
tract for 17C0 acres. Mr. Leo resides
in his homo plncc, Kllohana, eloven
miles from Illlo on tho Volcano road.
He Is, perhaps, better known as hav
ing been for eight years tho popular
manager ot tho Volcano House at Kl
ilauen. A change of management will
( shortly occur nt tho above place, and
(tho friends of Mr. Lee aro urging him
to resume his dutlcB thero onco more,
j Mr. Leo has resided In tho Hawaiian
Islands for U10 put twcnty-Blx ycare,
'nud Is well and favorably known.
Mb -- ". --.-. -u- '-J' -jJiti
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