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STJNDA7 BULLETIN, HONOLULU. H. T. SUNDAY, JUNE 29, 1302.
THE BEET SUGAR
By. O. P. AUSTIN, Chief of the Kurenu of Statistics, Treasury Department.
At present, with the sugar beet being tnxod for the benefit of tho for
h. .iii i,..i. ., n, in,ii,.FV itlsii consumer. This restless feeling
practically all countries on tho conti
nent of Europe are engaged In the pro
duction or tho article. Tho assertion
made by earlier Investigators that tho
sugar heel required specific climatic
and soil conditions, of which certain
parts of Germany appeared to possess
a monopoly, does not seem to have
been borne out by actual develop
ments. The cultivation of tun beet has
spread to other regions of Oermany na
well os to other countries which, even
In tho enrly nineties, appeared to 1)0
beyond the cultlvnblo zone. To clto
cnly n few examples: Spain, within
the last five cars, has developed a
beet sugar Industry which not only
furnishes the demands of tho homo
market, hut In order to avoid an over
stocking of the homo market Is Beck
ing for new outlets; Italy, which, until
the last ik'railu in the past rentury, de
pended for Its sugar supply upon Im
ports from Austrln, I-'rance, Germany,
nml Itusela. has within recent years
I developed a beet sugar Industry which
i Fuppllcs over two-thirds of tho nation
' nl needs, nnd bids fair, under the fas
tc-rlng care of Its government, within
uo distant future, to enter tho world
maikuts. Nor Is the sugar beet con
Cm'd to the regfons of the temperately
(old zone. Doth In Caiiiornla, on the
Western Continent, In Itnumanla, Hill
garla, nnd even cnnc-produclng Dgypt.
the beet sugar Industry has practically
parsed the experimental stage. With
tho enormous growth of tho sugar
niea, production has kept pace. Thus,
to compare but the middle of the last
(ntuiy with Its close. It Is found that
tne totnl production of sugar Increas
ed from about I.Snn.roo tons to about
S.COii.OOO tons, or over flvo and a hall
times Of this Increase by far the
larger share Is duo to tho growth n(
beet sugar production, which, practl
rally beginning about the mlddlo f
tne century (with n production .(
about 200,000 tons In all), showed nt
the end of the century n total product
ol " 500,000 tons.
Fall In Prices.
The enormous Increase In the total
production of HUgar has caused n fall
In price which for some time, especial
ly about 1 SKT,, threatened the ruin of
the European Industry. From 23s. Cd
per cwt. the net price of sugar In Eng
land (less duty) reached tho level ot
nbnut 20s In 1ST.'. Tho fall was even
more ptonounced during tho succeed
ing years, reaching the low level tl
12s. Id. In 18S7. 9s. Td. In 1890, and
even Us. In 1S9G. The effect of such n
fall In price was moro disastrous for
colonial than for the European sugar,
as the former sugar did not enjoy tho
advantage, of fostering care, nnd be-
becomes the more pronounced when,
as In the case pf most European con
tlncutnl countries, tho sugar Industry
Is being organized and systematic el
Increased recently, but actually fallen try. nnd from present Indications tho tabllshe-1 cane sugar Industry In Louis-, reopening In the New World of tho Meantime the (price has fallen moro
off ever since tho nscendamy of beet amount of sugar which Cuba Is likely lana nnd other Southern States, Is sugar drama enacted on the European than one half, tho average cost In for-
sugar, l'rom statistical tables cover I to send to this market will soon reach likely to make the sugar question 'stage during the past century, history jelgu countries of all Bilgar Imported
Ing the latter part of this period It may 'a totnl equal to the large amounts sent more difficult of treatment from a thus repenting Itself, though under dif-1 Into the United States In the fiscal
be seen thnl Porto Itlio. as lato a during the first hair of tho nineties, legislative point of vl ew than In Ens- ferent surroundings and with different year 1872 being 5.37 cents per pound,
1853. exported nlmost 112,000 tons 'f During comparatively recent times su- land, where tho absence or the domes 'settings, nor does It fnll within th and In 19oo 2.19 cents per pound.
forts are being made by the combined sugar, a figure not since reached, that gar beet cultivation has developed In tic sugar grower, more than anthlng limits of the present study to forecast No development of tho worlds pro-
mnnuracturers and refiners to regulatdithe Philippines, notwithstanding tho certnln parts or this country, with tho else, enabled the Government to avoid any 'future developments of this dra- ductlon of foodstuffs has been mors
production nnd foreign shipments with most primitive nnd wasteful methods result that from modest beginnings n the difficulties encountered by Euro ma. Yet It should be borne In mind rajdd or striking than that of beet su-
n view to ohtalnlnc maximum profits lof nroductlon, exported between 1880 the late seventies or tho last century nenn Governments In the shaping of that the literary representatives of tho car. In 1851-55 the totnl beet sugar
.. , , . . .
LOST AND SAVED FROM RORAIMA
This Is the present lfuaUon In Ger- and 1895 nn annual average of over lue production or beet sugar reached a a permanent and efficient sugar policy
many, Austria, France, Kussln, and200,000 tons. The geographlrnl pro- total of over 80,000 tons during thu Fight of Beet and Cane.
Uelglum, and this It Is that makes theilmlty of Cuba makes this Ifland tho p'st year. This, In conjunction with Of course It is quite premature to
sugar question In those countries one! natural purveyor o! sugar to this conn- the ract or tho existence or a long-es- say whether this century will sco a
of popular interest nnd discussion. oOOOOOOO0O-O0OCOOOOOCOOOOOO
Colonies on Defensive.
Another factor that has rendered
this vexed problem even more com
plex and Intricate Is the fact that soma
of tho European countries, which have
succeeded In developing within their
national dominions the cultivation of
the sugar beet and the production ofl
beet sugar, held and are still holding j
colonial possessions In which tho cul-
.tvntlon ol sugar cane Is one or tho .
hlef employments of the native colo
nml population. Ever since tho fa
mous "Pacte Colonial," which had gl
en the Trench colonial sugar growers
the privilege or supplying tho mother
country with the required sugar quan
turn, came Into conflict with tho Inter
ests or the beet growers nt home, tin
struggle or beet nnd cane has been
carried rrom the International mnrk.'t
Into the legislative halls or fhe conti
nental nations. During the firth dec
ade oT the nineteenth century It still
seemed ns If tne colonial producers
would carry the day; projects or re
demption or (lit- sugar factories by the
State, both In Prussia ami Prance
with n Iev to putting nn end to this
Industry, came near being adopted
This agitation against the sugar In
dustry has passed, and rrom an ag
gressive attitude the colonial sug.tt
producers have been placed on the de
Tensive; but the ncltntlnn carried on
by the ccilonlnl Interests still conlln
lies, especially In England nnd Trance
tnnklng the tnsk of the Government In
dispensing Justice to the different In
terests concerned extremely difficult
Discussion Since Spanish War.
In this country the sugar question
has ngaln come to the foreground In
public discussion through the recent
war The cession ol Porto Itlco and
the Philippines has brought this coun
try Into possession of large sugar
areas which, with proper employment
of capital and application of modern
methods of production, arc likely to
increnso considerably their sugar out
put available for exporl. The exam
ple of Hawaii, where the enormous de
velopment ol sugar production Is ol
recent date, tends to show future pos
sibilities for these Territories, whete
Bilgar production has been carried on
1 sWLHBBBBLBIP 'isw sLjifcM-wit'i"W" i" -t.B"''iiiissssiiSi5iL-i"WWB
nM jEjjrT 1 1 ? ' ' " ' - -'-- 'i '" Jn -i
European beet sugar Interests, who ni crop of the world was but 162.000 torn.
lato as the early nineties predicted tho 'by 180105 It had reached 536,000 tons;
eventual doom of cane sugar have In 1871-76 It wns 1,219,000 tons; In
lately, especially since the Spanish- 1884-85. 2.515.000 tons; In 1894-93, 4,
American wnr. not only modified their 792.793 tons; nnu In 1899-1900, 5,510.
prophecies but fallen Into the opposite 000 tons. In 1851-55 beet sugar form
extreme or forecasting the coming ruin ed 13 per cent or the world's total su
or the beet sugar Industry through the, gar crop, and In 1899-1900 It constllut
extension or American enterprise and ad 66 per cent.
capital to old sugar cane growing
Temperate Zones on Top.
The presjnt stidy deals mainly with
the statistical aspects or tne sugar In
dustry. Questions or legislation nnd
fiscal policy have- been treated only In
Thus the sugar producing nrca of
the world has in less thnn hair a cen
tury been shitted rrom tho tropins
northward, and the farmer of tho tcm-
so far ns the could throw light on tho pernte zone has shown his ability not
only to compete with the low priced
labor of the troplrs. hut In doing su
vicissitudes of the trade in different
countries The commercial move
ments have been Illustrated by Import has reduced by one-half the cost of tho
and export tables for the principal article produce!,
countries of the world. I The following table snows tho
Growth of Best Sugar Industry. i world's production of beet and enno
Twothlids of the world's rummer- suirar respectively, and the grand to
clal sugar supply Is now produced tal In each ear from 1871-72 to 1899
rrom beets. Prior to 1S71-72 the 190". also the average price or sugar
world's production or beet sugar had In foielgn markets. The figures of
never reached nun mm tons: for the enne sugnr production nro those f
crop year 19' It was estimated nt 5- Wlllett k Gra. of New Yuri.; the beet
510,000 tons, wlille the estimated canu sucnr llguresiiri- those of l.lcht. of Eu
sugar production available for export, rope; and those relating to price aro
which In 1871-72 was l.iO&.nuo ton?, obtained horn statements supplied by
reached n total ot 2.90t.iiiiii tons Tor the Importers Into the United States '.f
same ear. Thus cane sugar produc- tin- cost In foreign countries of the su
tlun has nf-nrtely doubled dining tho'gar which they Import, 'llie figures
t.i.rl.,.1 ikiiIop rnnililnmtlnn .tl.ltn i I, .1 . paIi! I,.t I.. ,f (i.lti, I Inn fl rn ttift PTIin
...'"( ...to ...,.., 1. iiihi IMUII.m .-- , ....-... ... ..... ...,.
from beets has more than quintupled. i-nrs, those of price, fiscal years.
World's Production oi Bee'
for centuries, hut whero methods of
nevolent nttltmlo on tlio part or tna (production nro nntlqunted and where, wave or hot wr-.ter and ot-hes.
home Governments ns much as Its Eu-', therefore, production has not only not the water,.
ropenn competitor. While In Europe, '
partly owing to fiscal patronage, tho
crisis of 1884-85 proved to be hut tran
rlent and resulted In only a temporary
shrinkago or production, tho result
wob moro disastrous In inost of the col
cnies, especially the West Indies.
The outcome of tho battle wagpd
against tropical sugar was, however,
liy no means the result of concerted
effort on tho part or tho European pro
ducers or or their Governments. Riv
alry In the world market was Just ns . ; n, . ', , . . ',
fieue among tho European produceis
of beet sugar. Wlille sugar confer
ences met In order to place Interna
tloual competition on a fnlrcr basis
and to dlsciiBS tho delicate questions
or uniform standards, bounty, nnd
drawback policies, the national Gov
ernments, following In tho main Ger
many's example, continued to besto'V
on this Industry flscnl lavors and ad
vantages which at times, as In tho
raso or Austrla-HungaVy, went so rar
as to make the Industry an actual
chargo upon the national budget. This
nhaso o! tho question becamo
Here Is the crew of the 111-lnttd Horaltnn which went clown In the harh 01 of St Pierre overwhelmed by n
Clouds of lire swept across the hatbor destr oylng ever thing ahme the surface ct
How John P. Sousa
Secured his Name
When Sousa. now famous tho world
oer as king of march music, landed Iv
tho "home of the free," he carried with
him a valise on which was marked In
plain letters, "John Phlllpro, I. S. A."
Time passed nnd this son of sunny
Italy commenced to glow musical and
nlso to becomo Americanized. It was
then, so tho story goes, that he ex
pressed tho deslro lor a name more
nearly like those or the people of which
ho was ono by choice. Phlllpso sound
ed out or place doing service tar n man
who had Imbibed American beliefs and
customs and whose destiny was close
ly linked with tho Stars and Stripes"
forever. A member of the band to
which he belonged finally made n sug
gestion. It turned out to bo a happy
one, and was adopted by the master of
the baton. Tho suggestion wnB this;
th'JjTo the name Phlllpso add tho U. S. A.
more serious as sugar, over since 1CCI, Divide tho one name Into two words,
when for tho first time It becamo an and there was the smooth-sounding and
object of taxation In France, was, easily pronounced namo of John Philip
with few and temporary exceptions. , sousa
nnd Is nt nrcsent ono of the chief
King Oscar May See World's Fair
'cfc.cndnnt of, but
King Oscar of Sweden
Field Marshal Ilernndotte. C'hark-t XIV
of Sweden. Governor of I.ouhlnnn In
ISO:', may visit the World's Talr.
An Invitation to King O-'ar to bo
present at the formal dedication of tho
fair has been tuggctted by Dr. Carl
Swentson, president of lletl.nny Col-
neer numimeil the ilullea of the
The famous M.irsh-il. who ells- ten inllrs soutliwest or I iniliay.
tlngulshed hlnibe-lf at Austerlltz inter. I Ohio, lies the peaceful hamlet of .Mount
had won Nupoleon's faor In the ltal-c,"'- ll ' modem Ttoplj or right
Ian campaign, reorganized tho Kic-m-lil couanos". Seienty-lho houses compos
iirmv while Nnnolecm w.ik In Ccvnt "'p tillage, and seven or them cue oc-
In 1801 and had become a rlwil or elled by pienihers or the gospel
licinnn.-iiie saloons are mere.
lS8fi 87 ..
7 o,-o9 . .
1 SS9-90 . .
1S97 9S ..
and Cane Sugar and Average Price per Pound
Ileetr. Cane. Total Price
Tons. Tons Tons. Cents.
l.iiSil.niicl I.BSH.ihmi 2.IS19.O0O 6 37
1.210.1100 1 791.IHMI 3.iHi3.oon S.35
. ... 1.2SS.OIIO 1. Milium 3 128.IM10 4.95
1.219 01111 1.712 'Hill 2 931.000 4.35
1.313 nun 1. 59U.H00 2.933.00(1 1,01
1.III5.0INI 1.073 noil 2.718.000 4 91
1.I19 0IHI .82S.mo 3.2 I4.0IIO t.or,
, . ... l.fnl.oiMi 2.1110.000 3.S81.000 4.111
1.102,111111 1.S52. I 3.21I.00U 4. IS
. ... 1.748.00'! 19I1.II0M 3.039.O0H 4.11
1 782.IIUH 2.o;o.iimii 3.8I2.00U 4.11
2.117.UIMI 2.1U7.0UII 4.25I.OU0 1.37
2.301.OIIU 2.323.000 4,i'.81.000 3.01
2.5I5.0IHI 2 351,000 4.89r..i)H0 2.07
2.223.IIHO 2.339.000 4,602.000 2.81
2.733.000 2.315.000 5.078.000 2.50
2.151,111111 2,i',5.000 4.91rt.O00 2.73
2.725,0011 2,203,01111 4,988,000 3.21
3.(133,0011 2.oi'.9.00(l 5.702.000 3.28
3,710,000 2.535.000 fi.2fi5.000 3.03
3,501,000 2.852.000 0,353.000 2.9J
3,-f28.00d 3,015,000 6.473,000 3.09
3,890.000 3.490.0UO 7.380.000 2.92
4,792,000 3.53U.O00 8.322.000 2.15
4,315.000 2,830,000 7.155,000 2.29
4.954,000 2,81.4.000 8,818,000 2.01
1.872,000 2,898,000 7,770.000 2.55
4.977.0OO 2,995,000 7.973,000 2.39
5,510,000 2,901.000 8.111.000 2.49
Beet Sugar Consumption.
111 winter the tc-sl-
He was tent ns Minister to Vienna ,lp"tH ""-'I' alns '' ""' Hll,l, "f th"
lege or I.lndsborg. Kan. It Is probable! because Napoleon suspected his deilgnsl friendly Move In the comer grocery,
that the dlrectointe will take kueh nc- Ijiter he was made (lovi-riuir or I.ouls-1 aml '" summer they whittle hickory
Hon. la:u and was about to sail when thoi Btl,l'h nntl rllt ,l,olr Initials In the son
Dr. SwensBon thinks It would bo u' territory was ceded to the I'nltcrt i n,nc "' u"' 8"lr, "oes,
sources ol rcvenuo of tho modern
Governments, both In tho countries of
production nnd In Ihoso countries
such as tho United States and Great
Britain which Import either tho
larger part or tho total of this product
Beet 8uaar for Export.
Tho twofold attitude of wo Govorn-
A man who was "wanted" In Ilussli
had been photographed In six different
positions, and the pictures were duly
circulated among the police depart
ments. The chief of one of these wroto
to headquarters a few days after the
Issue or the set ot portraits, and Btated'
good plan to send a spec In! commission Mates.
to Stockholm to deliver the Invitation. I In 1810
ir this step Is not ndopted It Ik prob
able that C. T. Wc-nti'-iEtnim. World's
Talr Commissioner to Norway Sweden
nnd Denmark, will deliver the Invita
Jean Ilaptlste Jules Ilernndotto was
made Governor or Louisiana In 1802.
Ilernndotte was elected
Clown Prince of Sweden by the States'
Council, succeeding Prince Augusten
hurg. He adopted the name of Karl
.Vliuiin and became Charles XIV. Hu
effected the annexation or Norway and
nrterward did much toward Napoleon's
There Is a mayor, but no brawler"
aio ever biought before him. and bis
chief labors are those of a notnry or
uniting two souls whoso lives have
flowed one Into the course of the other.
Years ago there was a calaboose, but
now the hut Is used as a village pound.
Death Mask and Relics of Napoleon
Several remarkable relics of Napo- chl on account of their association
Icon Ilonaparte were recently removed With his famous patient Tho relics
from boxes In the New York customs have been hidden from the world In
warehouses. Iteming In a velvet-lined j the heart of the Andes for many years.'
mahogany box was a death nintk of tho They were closely guarded by mem-
great Trench Emperor, taken by Dr. hers of tho doctors family In Hogota.l
will ho secured shoitly."
ments. especially those or Europe, in "Sir, I have duly received the portrait
rmntliiL- bounties to tho producer anil of tho six miscreants whoso capture Is
In shaping tho cxclso policy with a
view to a maximum fiscal return In or-
dcr to cover tho over Increasing needs
of the national budgets, brought about
tho peculiar result that In tho boot
growing countries a largo portion ot
the sugar produced Is destined not for
the homo market, but for exporl. inus
France, for tho season 1899-1900,
shows a production or 809,000 tons,
nnd 550,000 tons exported during the
calendar year 1900; I. e over 03 per
cent or tho product. In Germany thlH
percentage Is somewhat lower l.OuS,
000 tons out ol a totnl of 1,790,000; I.
e 5C.3 per cent, nnd It reaches Its
maximum among tho largo sugar pro
ducing countries In tho ense of Aus
tria, whore, out of a product or 1,120,-
000 tons ror tho season 1898-99, over
719,000 tons, or 04.2 per cent, wore o.v
noited In 1S99. This draining of the
surplus product by shipments abroad,
coupled with a prohibitive) customs tin
ty In every continental country, In ev
ery case by rar exceeding tho domestic
cxclso rate, has creotcd tho "national"
sugar questions. Tho continental con
sumer, while In most cases willing to
pay lor the development or the nation
al sugar Industry, with a view to help
ing his country reach a sell-supporting
basis In the matter or such an Im
portant article of rood as sugnr, and
Tranccsco Antommarchl, who attended
him at the time of his dentb on tho
Island or St. Helena. Two hairs rrom
tho Imperlnl eyebrow still ding tn thu
plaster and may enslly be elltierneel
I have ancstcd five or them, """""'" """"" -'"" "'""
never having been exhibited except to a
few- close rrlcnds In the South Ameri
can capital. They were recently en
trusted to Morgan Hart, son or the
Amcilcan Minister nt Ilogota. to bring
to this country. Hart Intends tender-
I In addition to the mnskB were other lug ever thing to the Metropolitan Mil i
aitlclca ticaBured oy Dr. Antommnr- seum or Art Tor exhibition.
When the American girl went to buy
n titled husband In order to have a seat
at the coronation, the man at the win
dow told her there was nothing left
but a few old barons In the hack row.
"lint," protested tho American girl,
"speculators outside are offering
The man merely shrugged his shoul
"I won't mo Imposed upon! I Just na
turally shan't go to your old corona
tion!" tho American girl exclaimed,
and flounced fiom the place.
It was plain tho man had not looked
for un)thlng like this, he vvus palpaMj
dlsconcei ted. Life.
-this tnble. In 1810 the total sugar
The rapidly Increasing male of tho crop or the woim was only 1.160.000
wor. .h sugar consumption wukii is ions: in i.M". :,iiw"' ions; in jo."'.
supplied fiom sugar beets Is shown by 5.7n2.(mu tout: and In 1900. 8.800.000
the ract that the total beet sugar pro- toni. The world's population has no
due tloii nt tli- e.u 19011 was .'.95o.iioii more than doubled cluilng these sixty
tons iind the-enne sugar c rop 2 8.MH years, probably not so much, yet lis
tons, mem- than two thirds of the consumption of sugnr Is today fully
world's sugui supply being thus pin- eight times ns much ns in 1810.
dined Irum beets. The tuble below The London Statist Is authority ror
shows the cane and beet sugar produc the statement that but a single Inctory
Hon iu each clcicnnlnl e-ar. beginning 111 nil the United Kingdom now refines
with 18IU. and the percentage which cane sugar, all the others being exclu-
these rival sugar plants have In sup slvely occupied In preparing tor the
plying the sugar consumption ol the mnrket the rnw product or the beet
w'orld. This tnble shows that In 18 to farms of Germany, Trance. Austrln,
beets supplied less than 5 pel cent ol ntiu llussla.
the world's sugar consumption; by The following table shows the
1850 they supplied cner II per cent; world's production or beet nnd cane
uy 1870, 34 per cent; by 189u, over 03 sugar nt decennial periods from 1840
per cent; and In 1900, r,7.71 per cent. to 1900 and the percentage which he-it
The growth of sugar consumption Is supplied of the world's product at
also shown In a striking manner by each period named:
I Troni the London Statist.
Sunday Bulletin, $1.25 per year.
1S7U . .
Cane licet Total by
Sugar. Sugar. Sugar. Ileet.
Tons. Tons. Tons. PcrcL
1,100.000 50.000 1.150,000 4.35
1.200.0(H) 2IIU.U0U 1.400,000 14.29
1,510,000 389.000 1,899,000 20.43
1.5S5.0OO 831.000 2,416,000 34.40
1.852,000 1.402.000 3,254,000 43.0S
2.009.0IHI 3.fi33.0(iu 5,702,000 63.70
2.850.00O 5.950.000 8.800.000 67.71
British and American Markets.
LEAVING MARTINIQUE IN THE PANIC
i" z?&?L $& - - -
i product may be said In be now- sold In
OI tho total beet sugat product the tho British market, whereas the Unit-
gieater part Is now produced tor tho ed States in the year 1900 received not
wcuhl market. The Increase ol sugat less than 44U.OOO tons of sugar of all
exports from the European beet grow- grades from European countries,
Ing countries Is of recent development, which Is ubout 15 per cent of the total
While the total sugar exports in 1 80S quantity of sugar exported by these)
were only about 276.000 tons, of which countries. These figures aro both slg-
Trance and the Netherlands contrlbu- nlficaut and Instructive as showing thd
ted over 200,000 tpns. the total exports present dependence of tho European
or sugar ror the year 1900 amounted to continental countries on tho Ilrltlsh
about 2,870.000 tons, or which Germany and American mnrketB for tho disposal
and Austria contributed almost 58 per of about two thirds or their surplus
cent. Over one-hair or this surplus product.
n ji n s: :: nttitntiit x ts ss :m n st :: t: :: it iiiiittuiuiin
Lack of Music in
Mr. Tlnley or South Carolina makes
no concealment or the rnct that he has
no ear ror music, hut ho turned this
Colonel Arthur Lynch, the ex-Iloer
commander, who bus been elected to
Parliament rrom Galway City. Is about
This snnnshnt shows n nnrtv ol .-atugees embarking rrom Tort do Franc '. The cb ily oxudus rrom the Island of Martinique still continues.
patient In bearing tho tax burden to' time tho tcrrlblo Peleo emits a rumble It Is a signal lor wild panic ou tho part of thu frightened, wretched people,, huddled togejTTicr at Tort do Trance,
help to defray tho cost of national gov-1 who are at all times ready to take to the boats.
lack of tuileful Information Into a Joke' 40 jears old and was born In Australia.
a few days ago when n filend Invited He was ciiucaie.i nl .Meiuourno univer
lilm to attend a concert. Tor the sake slty and utter earning n living ns a
of old times. Mr. Tlnlev consented to' mathematical master took service in
tilt thiough a varied program, which
natuially afforded him little amuse
ment. "Don't you know that piece?" Inquir
ed the trlend when he seemed Indiffer
ent to inspiring strains.
Fine Job I'rintinjr at tho Bui '
telin entltipei-K ilennrtfnent nt the Vic
torian ralla)S Ultimately he became
a Journalist nnd when tho war broke
out In South Afilcn ho was first engag
ed as correspondent lor n Purls news-
I paper. He acted ror some time ns Pa
lls correspondent ror a hair-penny Lon
don morning paper.
Sunday Bulletin, $1.25 per year.