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EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, H. T., THURSDAY, JULY 3,-1901
Published Every Day Except Sunday,
at 120 King Street, Honolulu,
T. H., by the
BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO., L D.
WALLACE R. FARRINGTON.. Editor
Entered at the Postofflco at Hono
lulu at soconu-cmss maner.
Per month, anywhere In U. S...I .75
I'er Quarter, anyvvbi o In U. S.. 2.00
Per year, anywher? r. u. S..... S.00
Per year, postpaid, foreign 11.00
The Sunday Bulletin.
for month .15
Pbi quarter 35
Per year 1.25
Ver year, postpaid, foreign .... 1.5
Dlx months $ .50
Per year, anywhere In U. S.... 1.00
Per year, postpaid, foreign 1.50
Evening and Sunday Bulletin.
Per month, anywhere In U. S...9 .90
Per quarter, anywhere In U. 8.. 2.35
Per year, anywhere In U. S 9.25
Per year, postpaid, foreign .... 12.75
Sunday and Weekly Bulletin.
Per year 2.23
Per year, postpaid, foreign 3.25
Postofflro Dox 718
.Jl'LY 3, 1902
I'cle refuses to celebrate.
Lyons will kindly explain why.
Whltelaw ltcld's coronation suit Is
said to have cost $2000. Now the pub
lic wants to know If It belongs to Mor
gan. The ease with which the Advertiser
outfit drops into the ways and means
of the blackgunrd establishes Its claim
to inbred cussedncss.
With the eagle screaming nt Honolu
lu and Hllo, Hawaii is giving the lie to
any aspersions upon Its loyalty to the
United States, or Its appreciation of the
day c celebrate.
If many more ships pass In the
night without giving their name and
destination, the Ill-fated Fannie Kerr
will soon reach the piomlnenece of the
It any citizen Is dissatisfied with bis
Invitation to the -Fourth of July ball,
the committee In charge of the event
has very considerately promised to fur
nish anything wanted. If only asked.
The remarks of a scientist who ac
companled the Dixie expedition to Mar
Unique should make valuable reading
for local "scientists" who know all
about volcanoes and Indulge in wise
predictions on the Influence of the
mountains of the moon.
When a citizen or officials In
curs the enmity of the Advertiser, it
is generally accepted by the community
that tho Individual subjected to the
vilification and misrepresentation of
tho Thurston organ Is endeavoring to
deal fairly and honestly with all men,
Citizens Inclined to harshly criticise
American soldiers In the Philippines
will do well to rend nn article by an
army surgeon published In McCliue'1
magazine for July. This presents u
side of the stoiy seldom beard these
days, but a dally reality In tho struggle
to pacify the "friendly" Filipinos.
Congressmen who listened to Uncle
Joe Cannon's speech on the necessity
for national economy In order to keep
expenditures within the Income have
been doing a little figuring on tlielr
own account. They find, and Treasury
officials support the claim, that an $85,
000,000 surplus Is In sight after all the
money appropriated Is expended. Un
fortunately, however, whaj. Cannon
says usually goes, when It comes to
cutting down the appropriations. At
nil events It is to ho hoped he will
have a lapso of memory when tho Ha
waiian fire claims Item gets before the
House. Tho million won't break the
Federal government, and will go a long
way toward making Hawaii.
In his explanatory remarks concern
Ing tho printing contract placed by the
Board of Health committee Mr. Mott-
Smlth stilted that the committee had
ordered the matter put In typo at the
Ad vet User office without any Idea of
discrimination. It Is apparent that tho
committee's Ideas ot discrimination are
of a high order. No ono would charge
members ot tho committee with being
such fools as not to know that tho
printing house having once set tho type
for a Job wos In c position to bid lower
than any competitor, Mr. Mott-Smlth
also failed to stato that Executive
Officer Pratt when asking for bids on
the printing In question did not Inform
those asked for figures that tho matter
was In typo at tho Advertiser oltlco.
This way left for tho competitors to
find out for themselves.
Tho call for tenders was a farco. It
was a request for bids on a contract
that had practically been awarded. If
Pratt had any senso ho knew It when
e called for tenders. Mr. Mott-Smlth
also failed to state that a week or ten
days ago he told a representative of.the
WHAT VOLCANO SCIENTISTS DON'T- KNOW
By PROF. ROBERT T. HILL, Member of the Dixie Expedition to Martinique.
Thero Is much poppycock about scl- thctle volcanic outbreaks at widely
enco and "scientists' In tho minus of distant points, but ho can "no rr.oro ex
the people. Science Is merely tho col- plnTn this mysterious coincidence! than
lection of data and YTio formulating of can the youngest born child In Its era
Intelllglblo deductions therefrom con- die. Weak In his knowledge of tho
corning the laws of nature. Everyone-1 birth of volcanoes, deficient In surtl
who has tho power of seeing and ifcnt data concerning their habits and
thinking about that which ho has seen action, It Is utterly impossible for him
Is more or less a scientific man. I used to prognosticate with ccitalnty their
to think that even "Wevlor. the white future behavor.
nosed monkey on the Dixie, when en-1
gaged in tho net of picking up a be.;r
bottle almost as largo ns himself nnd
holding It tip to peer within Its cavern,
in order to arceilnln If it contained
any unconsumed driblets, was showing
In these acts of observation nnd deduc-
tlon tho truo qualities of a scientific
man. (seen n scientific book. These volca-
On tho other hand, thero Is a lot of noes presented many phenomena hlth
nonsense In tho minds of scientific orto unobserved and It will rcqulro
men concerning tho people. Some ol months of careful study and deduction
them think It n sin to write concerning before the cause of tho outbreak can
tno simple facts of nature In n Ian- be stated with any flegreo of certainty,
gtiago which Iho people can under- This being tho case, how can one pie
stand. Tor Instance, the clouds rf diet what their future will bo?
steam and rock particles which ascend It has been published In the papers
from n olcano arc stnoke-llko In tbclr that vaBt tidal waves were to bo ox
appearance, while long before treatises pected; that some of tho Islands wcro
had been written concerning them tho In danger of presenting more serious
clouds of volcanic dust hnd been called outbreaks than 1'clee; that tho pros
ashcB. There arc some "prigs" who cnt eruptions may bo forerunners of
Insist upon criticising others for not npproachlng cataclysms which would
calling these nsnes "lapllll," while they annihilate tho Uland. Tho writer must
give no name for the vapor clouds confess that ho cannot see one ground
which will take tho place of smoke, for such prophecies nnd that In tho
Tho merest tyro knows that tho vol- history of these Islands whlcli havo
canlc "smoke" nnd "ashes" are not or been built up to their present great
dlnary combustion products, but so heights by the 'ejection of debris such
long as they havo tho visible physical as accompanied the present explosion
aspects oi smoke and ashes, then why
not call them soT
Concerning volcnnoes and volcanic
action thero Is a vast amount "a bo
learned, nnd tho honornblo scientific
man will always frankly say, "1 do not, of tho present have come. Tho wounds
know," when confronted with many 'A ?ro open nnd healthfully suppurating;
tho queries propounded to him. (why. then, should we predict that tho
It Is generally presumed that the
cause of volcanic notion Is tho meeting Whllo theso fartB arc true, let not
of water with the hot magma below tho work of tho truo scientific man bo
the Immediate surface of tho earth, ' forgotten or held up to ridicule. lo
calising explosions whereby vents are' cry fact properly observed nnd record
opened through which tho hot magma ed Is a contribution to the sum of
forces Its way to tho surface through knowledge which constitutes what wo
Its power of expansion. Hut tho natuio.call civilization, and the man who, ny
nf that great unexplored magma of the
enrth'B Interior Is today one of the. Interpretation of these data often f.t
profoundest nnd lenst solved problems .the sacrifice of tho humanities of life,
concerning our globe, and It Is not thiough narrow specialization do-
wiuiiu unman power 10 prciui-i wnai
the future productions of that magma
The scientific man Just now Is con-'and
fronted with tho question of sympa-
nullctln that Job printing amounting to
over n hundred dollars had been given
tho Adcrtiscr, and when Pratt was
asked why he did not cnll for tenders , that even the strife Is a necessary dc
he replied that this was not necessary I tnll of development. The common aim
on work amounting to less thnn ?J00. 1 Is to move forward. The lines marked
Ho then went to work and called fori
tenders on tho work which, ns nfter-l
wnrds learned, wns the Identical print-1
Ing to which Mott Smith icferred and
I'ratt said was not necessary to sub-
mlt to competitive bids. Thus the re
quest for prices from tho various print
ing ofilccs amounted to a blind to hood
wink Advertiser competitors.
The llulletln has no objection to tho tlie 8C01'C ' "r liberties, though he led
award of any contract to the lowest ' lo an arbitrament of arms,
bidder. A decent regnrd for fair busl- j Citizens of Hawaii havo no occnslo.i
ness principle would havo led the com- for pessimistic views In their contem
mitteo of which Mott-Smlth. Mooie platlon of what American Independcnci,
and Pratt were members to havo called meaiiB In Hawaii. We may be slow In
lor tenders when tho work was orlgl- arriving ut iho Ideals which fellow
ually ordered. The manner In which ( citizens of tho Mainland have picparcd
this "business" wns conducted, how-. and extended for out uso, but the even
ever, Indlcntcs that the committee had' tual irsult Is not to be questioned.
been taking lessons of Chief Justice
Ficai. who called for tenders on print
ing dfter a part of tho work had alrea
dy been done, but fnlled to give a
statement ot tho lucts until tho con
nect had been awarded to tho highest
OUR AMERICAN LIUGllTIKS.
Independence Day and what It rep
resents probably has a deeper signifi
cance In Hawaii than In any other
State or Territory of tho United States.
Where the States and Territories of the
Mainland have long been schooled In '"" we.mes.iaj or tno mens
the pi.nc.ples for which the forefathers J Ojjrlta m.
fought ibis Territory Is taking Its first , nll ,,,, u.8pect ,0 Bomo ,)f our c.3tcCtn
steps In adapting Itself to tho actual, led lOiilemporuiies, tt must bo said
practlral Independence of citizenship ' that thcie Is not nn Iota of foundation
which the slgncis of the Declaration of tor "'J?, 'Iw'aiHtloii. 'I ho Corliss bill
. , , , ,., ..... i w" killed by btrlklng out the ennct-
Indeptndence nnd citizens of tho thlr-1 mg claUfcC ,,, ime g,and,B 8,gn11.
teen colonies seemed for themselves , cuntly nt ll'i to 77. That settles the
and their posterity, question of tho ownership of the Pa-
n ...,i.. i .! n i. clllo cable by tho Government, but It
u u ...u.... ma..v.
wonting one mucu mo same- pruuiuivi
that dlstiessed tho Colonists and gave
rite to serious contentions that at times
threatened to disrupt 'the federatlou , & ll la Joined that 1000 miles of
.... cable have already been completed and
Wo are not far removed from the prac,aro nMiy 0f ,iaHlng away on thc
tlcal nppllcatldn of monarchical the-1 steamer which Is to lay the first section
orlcs which obtained In tho affairs nt
pm'A-nment till the formal establish"
ment of the Territory. For a time OUT
m v, ., .. t
government passed under tho name ot
n republic but In Its operations the re
public was more aibltrary than tlu
monarchy. Even now In thc enjoyment
of our American liberties tho commun
ity is divided sharply in Its Interpreta
tion of liberties. Wo havo tho ele
ment which would centralize power and
opposed to It stands tho advocates o'
Jeltersonlan trust In tho people, belief
Invthe right and the capability of tho
peoplo to be the best Judge of what Is
Tho contention between thebo ele
ments Is sharp, sometimes bitter, as it
ever has been nnd ever will bo. It
arouses antagonisms that head direct
toward chaos nnd nt times seem to have
The object of every scientific man
whu recently visited Martinique and
St. Vincent wns to collect dnta where-
by he could derive some knowledgo i.f
tho laws of tho phenomena, nnd yet
they were obliged to depend for their
Information largely upon the tcsttmo-
ny of eye-witnesses who" had never
- there Is nothing to create such; fears,
Tho vents of I'clco nnd St. Vincent are
tho same which were opened beforo
Columbus came and from which tlmo
nnd again similar eruptions to those
patient will die?
devoting his life to the collection and
pitvus umy iuu reiui-si ussisimici-,
sympathy nnd support, even though
his specialty is some subject o small
obtuse that none but himself can
reached tho goal. Yet experience li
the Republic whose Inception we ccl
brnte and grandeur wo applaud teaches
out widely diverge at the outset but as
times passes they will certainly tnko
tlielr course In a middle ground free
irom prejudice, where Integrity of pur
pose and liberal views arc given fair
ecognltlon. It lequlred a Hamilton
and a JctTcrson to establish firmly the
I foundations of national integrity. Even
I Davis served a purpose In Interpreting
What tho principles propounded on
July 4th, 17iU havo done for n nation',
progress, will I,- worked out on shnllni
lines for this Territory. Hawaii Is a
minute part of the national scheme,
but title Americanism exercises 1U
beneficlent Ir.lluenco In the smallest
Tim IMCIPIC CARLE.
It has been declared with all the
force of displayed headlines that tho
, wade by tho House of Hep-',
does not make one purtlclo of dllfeiciico
,CHI,CctIng the continuance of the work
by the private parties who now havo it
In hand. Uy iceent advices from En-
of thc lino from San Francisco west-
. "! within tho next sixty days. Bc-
fore Congress come3 together again
jui ciiii auuii nmoiuii, u cuiiiuierciui cu
bic will be In operation between Cali
fornia and the Sandwich Islands, and
tho advocates of Government ownei
slilp will find their occupation gone.
A bill Is before Congress appropriat
ing $10,000 tocstahllsh a biological sta
tion on the Great Lakes, Tho purposo
of such a station would be to Investi
gate all problems connected with tha
fisheries ot these lakes throughout theli
wholo extent, such questions, for In
stance, as the breeding times of tho
fishes, their fqod and feeding habits,
tho enemies of the commercial fish.
Svli work is held to be a necessity, not
only for successful artificial propaga
tion, but also for a proper framing of
sultablo fish laws.
Tho truth Godionly knows. Jaml.
Poultry - Supplies
has been used for twenty-three years In tho manufacture ot
INCUBATORS AND BROODERS
because It has pruvcu superior to all other kinds. It Is not only true
that Petaluma Incubators nnd Brooders nro ruado of the best lum
ber in tho world, out ovory ether article used In their construction
Is of the highest grade, and tlcrefore theso "Standards of the
World" Incubators and Broodcro occupy tho same relative position
to all other Incubators and Brooders that the mighty California
Redwoods do to other trees.
It Is worth your whllo to nad In our late catalogue "A Bit ot
Incubator History." You may havo a catalogue free by writing
for tt. An invoice of assorted sizes Just received by the
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., LTD.
Agents fur the Territory of Hawaii
Our vehicles have the most advanced ideas In design,
and excel others In durable qualities and finish. .
Gfias. F. Herrick Carriage Co., Limited,
Sole Agentu Columbus Buggy Co.
Hrfeiilif '. , -" ' r'. ft -
KfiATiKtTIR. . -.' JTT8M.- ' "1
a. IJtofiffibfatttPXvSttTffiU Hv.'
mmv' sMitossr vaissh
-. r. .vr. .jauh i7'v:KV'!w.'r. .n its."'-. .int.'
FLAGMAKING-SEWING THE STARS ON OLD GLORY.
win. iho nnnmnrii nf Fourth of J uly thero always comes a sudden de
mand for flags. For weeks the factorl
turned out In large quantities have be
shows how the stars aro sowed on at
At tho last regular meeting of the
Philosophical Society of Washington,
a paper on "Liquid Air" wns read by a
A. Ilobrlck, superintendent ot tho onl)
establishment, furnishing liquid air
commercially. The consumption Is
about 150 gallons rcr week, Tho car
riers are so well insulated that a gal
lon will not wholly evaporate under
about a month, nnd recent Improve
ments have largely diminished the loss
from their fragility. Apparatus was
exhibited showing tho production of tho
lime light by gas and llqujd nlr. Tho
history of the llqucfactloifof gases dur
ing nearly ft century was given, The
method now employed the so-called
es whero tho national emblems aro
en running ulght and da;. This scene
ter having been stamped out by means
self-Intensive or regenerative system
yields a pound of liquid air per pound
of coal used. Mr. Bobrlck finds liquid
air an Ideal sourco of power, whero tho
expense Is not piohlbltlve. Seventeen
gallons dilvc'8 his automobile fifty to
slty miles. While It will never bo
ucecj for stationary engines, It will bo
useful for submailno and acilal uavl
gation. It Is used in manufacturing
chemicals nnd food extracts, and has
already important medical uses.
Every peasant becomes a philosopher
when bo recognizes God as tho author
and sustalner of all things, Theodoro
7:iiarKWB1Ta.5MT.'WKK?vH' ' jt. i
fk TMO.,---.'''J-T17 AAcrr -& .4-4 t ' T
otmivmmJ tkt :z?:?.xh vu&ntctiK7yari vtj'junu
Agents, Broken and Jobber.
W. G. Irwin & Co.
Western Sugar Refinery Company ot
Baldwin Locomotive Works of Phlla
delpbla, Pa., U. S. A.
Newell Universal Mill Co. (National
Cane Shredder), New York, U.S.A.
N. Ohlandt & Co.'i Chemical Fertili
zers. Alex. Cross & Sons' htgh-grado Ferti
lizers for Cane and Coffee.
Reed's Steam Pipo Covering.
ALSO OFFER FOR SALE:
I'arnfilne Paint Co.'s P.& B. Paints and
Papers; I.ucol and Linseed Oil,
raw and boiled.
Indurlne (a cold-water paint), In white
Filter Press Clothes, Cement, Lime and
CASTLES COOKE, Ltd
The Ewa Plantation Co.
Tho Walalua Agricultural Co, Ltd.
The Kohala Sugar Co.
Tho Waimca Sugai Mill Co.
The Fulton Iro Wo Vs, St. Louis, Mo
The Standard (.A C
The Ceo. F. Dlak. Jccam Pumps.
The New England Life Insurance Co.
The Aetna Fire Ins. Co. ot Hartford,
The Alliance Assurance Co. ot London.
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN,Ltd
H. P. Daldwln President
J. D. Castle First Vice President
W. M. Alexander.. Second Vice Pres.
J. P. Cooke Treasurer
W. O. Smith Secretary
Qeo. It. Carter Auditor
Sugar Factors and
AGENTS for Hawaiian Commercial &
Sugar Co., Haiku Sugar Co., Pala Plan
tation Co., Nahlku Sugar Co., Klhel
Plantation Cc, Hawaiian Sugar Co.,
Kahulul Railroad Cc.
Win, G, Irwin & Co
Wni. O. Irwin. .President and Manager
Claus Spreckels Vice President
W. M. GlfTard.. Second Vlco President
H. M. Whitney Jr.. . . .Treas. and Sec.
Qeo. J. Ross Auditor
AGENTS OF THE
Oceanic Steamship Co.
OF SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
LIFE and FIIIE
insurance - Agents
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE IN
SURANCE CO. OF BOSTON.
AETNA FIRE INSURANCF. COM-
PANY OF HARTFORD.
C. Brewer & Co., Ltd.
Queen Street, Honjlulu, T. H.
Hawaiian Agricultural Co., Ookala
Sugar Plant. Co., Onomea Sugar Co.
Honomu Sugar Co., Wnlluku Sugar Co,.
Makee Sugar Co.,Haleakala Ranch Co.
Tho Planters' Lino of San Francisco
Packets, Cbas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of
LIST OF OFFICERS:
C. M. Cooke, PrcLldent; Oeorge
Robertson, Manager; E. F. Bishop
Treasurer and Secretary; Col. W. F.
Allen, Auditor; P. C. Jones, II. Wn
terhouse and Ooo. R. Carter, Directors.
THE VON HAMM-YOUNG CO.,
Queen Street, - Honolulu '
The Lancashire Insuranco Co,
The Balolse Insuiance Co.
Union Gas Engine Co.
Domestic Sewing Machine, Etc.
General Manager of
THE EQUITABLE LIFE
Ot the United States for the
OFFICE, Merchant Street, Honolulu.
Telephone the EVENINO BULLH.
TIN, Main 256, If you have books to be
made, printing to be done, etc., etc,
snd wo will call. We have men that
know their buslnes tor tkat purpose.
'iVM(rtiir?iSiJ",iJ'"fcj'' -v .s
h ffrStrT v 19TT r
BISHOP & CO.
Established in I8S8.
Transact business In all departments
Collections carefully attended to.
Exchange bought and sold.
Commercial and Travelers' Loiters
or Credit Issued on The Rank of Cali
fornia and N. II. Rothschild & Sons.
Correspondents The Dank of Cali
fornia, Commercial Banking Co. of
Sydney, Ltd- London.
Drafts and cable transfers on China
and Japan through the Hongkong A
Shanghai Ranking corporation ant
Chartered Bank of India, Australia and
Interest allowed on term deposits at
me louowmg rates pur annum, viz:
Seven days' notice, at 2 per cent
Three months, at 3 per cent.
Six months, at 3 1-2 per cent.
Twtlva months, at 4 per cent
Act as Trustees under mortgages.
M'-jago estates (real and personal),
Collect rents and dividends.
Valuahln nanera. U'llln rtnnt -
received for safe-keeping.
AUllltnrs fni rnpnnradnni, .,
Rooks examined and reported on.
Statements of Affairs prepared.
Trustees nn Ttftnlrnint m hint..,
OFFICE, 024 BETHEL 8THEET.
Dennitta rAfvArl ami inA.i
lowed at 4 1-2 per cent per annum. In
nviiuiuuuun wua ituiea ana lieguia
timid, rnnlra nf wMm. m,w nA u.i..j
FIRE, MARINE LIFE, ACCIDEN1
AND EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY IN
Insurance Office, 824 Bethel Street.
Claus Spreckels. Wm. Q. Irwin
Claus Spreckels & Co.
HONOLULU, ; : j. H.
an Francisco Agents The Ne
vada National Bank of Ban Francisco.
an Francisco ThH Nevada Na
tional Bank of San Francisco.
London The Union Bank ot Los
New York American Exchange Na.
Chicago Merchants' National Bank.
Paris Credit Lyonnals.
Berlin Dreedner Bank.
Hongkong and Yokohama Hon
kong-Bnnngaat Banking Corporation.
New Zealand and Australia Bank
of New Zealand.
Victoria and Vancouver Bank ot
British North America.
Deposits received. Loans made tm
approved security. Commercial uii
Travelers' Credits issued. Bills of Ex.
change bought and sold.
voiiectiont Promptly Accounted For
Pioneer Building and Loan
ASSETS, JUNE Su, 1901, 180.04J.37.
Money loaned en approved securlt,
A Having Bank for monthly deposit.
HOUSea built nn Iho mnnthl. I. n
Twentr-thlrd Serlei nf Rirwv i. ......
opened. " " "vw
OFFICERS -J. L. McLean, Presi
dent: A. A. Wilder, Vleo President;
O. B. Gray, Treasurer; A. V. Qear,
DIRECTORS - J. L. McLean. A.
A. Wilder. A. V. Don.- n u n
J. D. Holt, A. W. Keoc'h, j. A. Ljl.
Jr, J. M. Little, H. S. Boyd.
A. V. GEAR,
Offlo noura; I8;ad l;3Q p. m.
The Yokohama Specie Bank
Bub'crlbed Capital.... Ten 14,000,000
"" "P.apiiai Yen 18.000,00ft
Reserved Fund Yen 8,710,000
HEAD OFFICE, YOKOHAMA.
The Bank buys and receives for col
lection Bills of Exchange, issues Dralta
and Letters of Credit, and transacts a
general banking business.
On Fixed Per cenl
DP08''- Per annum.
For 12 months 4
For 6 months
For 3 months 3
Branch of the Yokohama Specie Bask.
New Republic Bid., 11a Kin? Stiee
Set o 5 mapa, $2.00
60 CENTS EACH
)n salt at office ot , . .
THE . . .
All Loversof the Sport
are requested 'x to register their
State or Territory at the
Honolulu Bowling Parlors
rimttrv, Secondary or Tertiary Blood Pol:
trwMfait; tirtd Ton) t t trot4 at km ktt
cutrutj. if ; bt tut Hrrr. Miift
' III bi ft-1s tl4 fill tlutM t'ttttrl l BlWlkv
r Ttrital, fla-flM, lpftt Cvlsr4 6fi, tltt
j H-M r tht tdj, Dtlr 8;brca hUU &(. -mtm
Cook Remedy Co.
Jl 94...I. XtmpUt lkr. lllHfcrprbr.I.Mfk CI
i.) iod.ooii, r. Mivm ik. bui utk.i. u,. ftMun
mv. mm la il i it im ito-ix '. U3
I' i I
.in..i yiv (., " iis ,.