Newspaper Page Text
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EVENING nUM-ETIN, HONOI.TJLTJ. T. II.. WEDNESDAY.
At'Ittl, 21. 1907
ii person 'as "Cashier" or other fiscal officer of u liunk or icirpora
tion, it is dcctnrd priinn fneio to bo pnynljlo Jo tlio bank or cor
poration of which he ii such officer; nml may bo negotiated by
either tlio indorsement of tho bank or corporation, or tho in
dorsement of tho officer.
Suction 43. Where the name of a pnyco or indorsee is
wrongly designated or misspelled, hn may indorse tho instru
ment as tlierein described, adding if lie think lit his proper
Section- 4 I. Where any person is under obligation to in
dorse in a rcpiesentntivo capacity, ho may indorse in such terms
as to negative personal liability.
.Skctiox 45. Except where an indorsement boars date after
tho maturity of the instrument, every negotiation is deemed
prima facie to have been effected before the instrument was
Section 40. Except where the contrary appears, rvery. in
dorsement is presumed prima fneio to have been made nt tho
place where the instrument is dated.
.Skctiox 47. An instrument negotiable in its origin con
tinues to be negotiable until it has been restrictively indorsed
or discharged by n payment or otherwise.
.Suction -111. Where the holder of an instrument payable to
his order transfers it for value without indorsing it, the transfer
vets in the transferee such title as the transferer had therein,
and the transferee acquires, in addition, the right to have tho
indorsement of the transferer. Hut for the purpose of deter
mining whether the transferee is a holder in due course, the
negotiation takes effect as of the time when the indorsement is
Suction Til). Where an instrument is negotiated back to a
prior paity, such party may, subject to the provisions of this
Act. i ensue and further negotiate the same, lint he is not en
tilled to enforce payment thereof against any intervening party
to whom he was per.-onally liable.
iiifiirrs or tin: hoi.m'u.
Si:ctiox Til. The holder of a negotiable instrument may
sue thereon in his own name; and payment to him in duo course
di-charges tho instrument.
Suction 5.'. A holder in due course is a holder who has
taken tho instrument under the following conditions:
t. That it is complete and regular upon its face;
L'. That he became the hold re of it lioforo it was overdue,
and without notice that it had been previously dishonored, if
such was the fact ;
I !. That he took it in good faith and for value;
4. That at the time it was negotiated to him ho had no notice
of any infirmity in the instrument or defect in the title of tho
person negotiating it.
Skctiox S!J. Where an instrument payable on demand is
negotiated an unreasonable length of time after its issue, tho
bidder is not deemed a bidder in due course.
Skction I. Where the transferee receives notice of any in
firmity in the instrument or defect in the title of the person
negotiating the same before he has paid the full amount agreed
to bo paid therefor, ho will Ik- deemed a bidder in duo course
only to the extent of the amount theretofore paid by him.
Siicnox rX. The title of a person who negotiates an instru
ment is defective within the meaning of this Act when ho ob
tained the instrument, or any signature thereto, by fraud, duress,
or force and fear, or other unlawful means, or for an illegal
consideration, or when he negotiates it in breach of faith, or
miller such circumstances as1 amount to a fraud.
Si:ctio.v .MS. To constitute notice of an infirmity in the in
strument or defect in tin title of the person negotiating the
same, the per.-ou to whom it is negotiated must have had actual
knowledge of the infirmity or defect, or knowledge of such facts
that his action in taking the instrument amounted to bad faith.
Skction .17. A holder in due course holds tho instrument
free from any defect of title of prior 'parties, mid free from
defenses available to prior parties among themselves, and may
enforce payment of the instrument for the full amount thereof
against all parties liable thereon.
Si.ctiox .rS. In the hands of any bidder than a holder in
due coiir.'O, a negotiable instrument is subject to the same de
fenses as if it were non-negotiable, ilut a holder who derive
his title through a holder in duo course, and who is not him
self a party to any fraud or illegality affecting the instrument,
has all the rights of such former holder in respect of all parties
prior to the latter.
Skction ."!. Kvory holder is deemed prima facie to lie a
holder in duo course; but when it is shown that the title of any
person who has negotiated the instrument was defective, tho
burden is on the holder to prove that he or some pen-on under .
whom he claims acipiired the title as holder in due course. Hut
the last mentioned rule does not apply in favor of a party who
lK'cauie bound on the instrument prior to the acquisition of
such defective title.
I.MUIMTII'.S or 1'AIITII'S.
Skction (10. The maker of a negotiable instrument by mak
ing it engages that he will pay it according to its tenor, and
admits the existence of the payee and his then capacity to in
dorse. Skction (II. Tho drawer by drawing the instrument admits
the existence of the payee and his then capacity to indorse;
and engages that on duo presentment the instrument will be
accepted or paid, or both, according to its tenor, and that if it
be dishonored, and the lu-cossury proceedings on dishonor bo
duly taken, he will pay the amount thereof to the holder, or to
any subsequent indorser who may be compelled to pay it. Hut
the drawer may insert in the instrument an express: stipulation
negativing or limiting his own liabilty to the holder. 1
Skction 1)2. The acceptor by uccepting tho instrument -gages
that he will pay it according to the tenor of his accept
ance; and admits,
1. The existence of the drawer, the genuineness of his signa
ture, and his capacity and authority to draw the instrument;
J. The existence of the payee and his then capacity to in
dorse. Skction (111. A person placing his signature upon an instru
ment otherwise than as milker, drawer or acceptor, is deemed to
be nu indorser, unless he clearly indicates by appropriate words
his intention to he bound in some other capacity.
Skciion III. Where u person, not otherwise a party to an
instrument, places thereon his signature in blank before de
livery, ho is liable as indorser, in accordance with the following
1. If the instrument is payable to the order of a third per-
. .... .1.-
Mill, he is liable to the pn,oo and to all subsequent parlies.
2. If the instrument is payable to the order of the maker
or drawer, or is payable to bearer, he is liable to all parti's
subsequent to the maker or drawer.
.'. If ho signs for the aceoiiiniodatinn of the pajce, he is
liable to all parties subsequent to the payee.
Skctiox Hi". Every person negotiating an instrument by
delivery or by a qualified indorsement, warrants,
1. That the instrument is genuine and in all respects what it
purports to be;
2. That he has a good title to it;
.'I. That all prior parlies had capacity to contract;
4. That he has nu knowledge of any fact which would im
pair the validity of the instrument or render it valueless.
Hut when the negotiation is by delivery only, the warranty
extends in favor of no holder oilier than the immediate trans
feree. The provisions of subdivision .'! of this section do not apply
to persons negotiating public or corporate siriirities, ollii r than
hills and notes.
Skction lid. livery indnror who indor-es without ipialilica
tion, warrants to all subsequent holders in dm; course;
J. The matters and things mentioned in subdivisions one,
tow and three of the next preceding section; and
2. That the instrument is at the time of his indorsement
valid and subsisting.
And, in addition, he eiiLMges that on duo presentment, ii slmll
be aeepted or paid, or lmth, as the ease may be, aecordinir lo
its tenor, and that if it bo dishonoieil, and the necessary pro
ceedings on dishonor ho duly taken, he will pay the amount
thereof to th ehohler, or lo any subsequent indorser who may
lie compelled to pay it.
Skction (17. Where a pcrnii places his indorsement on an
instrument negotiable by delivery he incurs all the liubililics of
Skction UK As respects one another, indorser.- an- liable
prima facie in the ordo rin which they indorse; hut evidence
is admissible to show that as between or among themselves they
have agreed otherwise, .loint payees 1P- joint indor-ees who
indorse are deemed to imloi-e jointly and severally.
Skctiox (!1. Where a broker or other agent negotiates mi
instrument without iiiiloremcul, he incurs all the liabilities
prosorilicd by Section (!." of ibis Act, unless lm dicloes the
inline of his principal, ami the fuel thai ho is acting only as
l'UKsKNr.MKNT roll l-AYMKXT.
Skctiox 70. Presentment for payment is not inrc.iry in
order to charge the person primarily liable on the instrument ;
hill if the instrument is, by its terms, payable at a special place,
and ho is able and willing lo pay it there at niatuiity, such
ability and willingness lire equivalent to a tender of payment
upon his purl, lint except as heroin otherwise provided, pre
sentment for payment is m-oossjiry in order to charge the drawer
Skctiox 71. Where the instrument is not payable on de
mand, presentment ttiii-t Is- made on the day it falls due. Where
it is payable on demand, presentment inu-t ho made within a
reasonable time after its issue, e.eept that in the case of a bill
of exchange, presentment for payment will bo siillicient if made
within a reasonable time after the last negotiation tin roof.
Skctiox 72. Presentment for pa incut, to lie sufficient, must
1. Hy tho holder, or by some person authorized to receive
payment on his Im-IuiI f ;
2. At a reasonable hour on a business day ;
!l. At a proper place as herein defined;
I. To the peron primarily liable on the instrument, or if
he is absent or inaccessible, in any person found at the place
where the presentment is made.
Skction 7"l. Presentment for payment is made at the proper
1. Where a place of payment is specified in the instrument
and it is there presented;
2. Where no place of payment is specified, hill the address
of the person to make payment is given in the instrument and
il is there pre-ented;
.'I. Where no place of payment is spccilicd and no address
is given and the instrument is presented at the u-iial place of
business or residence of the person to make payment ;
1. In any other case if presented to the person lo make pay
ment wherever ho can bo found, or if pre-euted at his last
known place of business or residence.
Skction 7 I. Tho instrument must he exhibited lo the person
from whom payment is demanded, mid when it is paid must be
delivered up to the party paying il.
Skctiox 7.. Where the instrument is payable at a bank,
presentment for payment must bo made during hanking hours,
unless the person lo make payment has no funds there to meet
it at any time during tho day, in which case presentment at
any hour before the bank is idosed on that day is siillicient.
Skctiox 7H. Where the person primarily liable mi the in
strument is dead, and no place of payment is spccilicd, present
ment for payment must be made In his personal representative,
if such there lie, and if, with the exorcise of reasonable dili
gence, he can ho found,
Skctiox 77. Whore the persons primarily liable on the in
strument are liable as partners, and no place of payment is
speeilied, presentment for payment may bo made to any one of
them, even though there has been a dissolution of (he firm.
Si.ctiox 7S. Where there are several persons, not partners,
primarily liable on the instrument, ami no place of payment
is specified, presentment must In- made to them all.
Skction 70. Presentment for payment is not required in
onler to ciiargo tne urawer wnere lie lias no rignt to expect or
rj-qtiiro that the drawee or acceptor will pay the instrument.
Skctiox SO. Presentment for payment is not icquired in
order to charge an indorser where the instrument was made or
accepted for Ids accommodation and he has no rc.i-on to expect
that the instrument will ho paid if presented.
Skctiox SI. Delay in making pre-eutiuent for payment is
excused when the delay is caused by circumstances hcynml tho
control of the holder, and not imputable to his default, mis
conduct or negligence. When tho cau-o of delay ceases to
operate, presentment must lie made with reasonable diligence.
Skctiox S2. Presentment for payment is dispensed with :
1. Where after the exercise of reasonable diligence present
ment as required by this Act cannot ho made;
2. Where the drawee is a fictitious person;
!i. Uy waiver of present nient, express or iniplh-d.
Skctiox 8!l. The instrument is dishonored by non-payment
1. Il is 1 1 1 1 presented for payment and payment is refined
or cannot he obtained: or
2. I'lcscnlmcnt is excused mid the instrument is overdue
Skciiox .SI. Subject to the provisions of this Act whoii.tho
instrument is dishouoied by non-payment, an immediate right
of ru-ourc to all purlieu secondarily liable thoioon accrues to
I lie bolder.
Si.iTuiN S.'i, livery negotiable instrument is payable at tho
time fixed (heroin without giaco. When the lu, of maturity
falls upon Sunday, or a holiday, tho inurnment is payable on
the next succeeding business day. Instruments fulling due
on Saluiday me lo he presented lor payment on tin- next suc
ceeding business day, except that instruments payable on de
maud may, at the option of the holder, be presented tor pay
ment before twelve o'clock noon on Saturday when that entire
day is not a holiday.
Skction si;. Where the instrument is payable at a fixed
period after dale, after ighl, or after the happening of a sp ri
fled event, the time of pimucul is determined by o.wluding tin
day from which the time is to begin lo run, and ly including
the date of payment.
Si.c-miN s7. Whore the instrument is made payable at n
bank, it is equivalent to an older to the haul; to pay the niuu
for the account of the principal debtor thereon.
Sit -Hon "s"-. Payment is inaih- in diicoour-e when it is made
ill or after the maturity of the instrument to (he ladder thereof
in good faith ami without notice that his title is defect ivu.
notick or inMioitoi:,
Si.ciiox SO. Except as herein otherwise provided, when a
negotiable instrument has been dishonored by noii-accoptiiuee
or uoii-payuieui, notice of dishonor must bo gixen to the drawer
and to each imlorer, and any drawer or iudorei- to whom
such notice is not given is discharged.
Skction tin. Tho notice may lie gion by or mi behalf of the
holder, or by or on behalf of any parly lo the instrument who
might he compelled to pay it to the holder, mid who. upon taking
it up would have a riulil lo reiuibiir-eiuout from the parly to
whom the notice is i n.
Src-iioN 01. Notice of dishonor may bo given by an agent
either in his own name or in the mime of any parly entitled to
give notice, whether that parly bo his principal or not.
Skction 02. Where notice is given by or on Mi.il f of the
holder, it enures I'm- the benelil of all subsequent holders and
all prior parlies who have a rmht of reeoiir-o againt the paity
to whom it is iven.
Si.ction Si.'!. Where notice is given by or on behalf of a pally
entitled to gie notice, it enures fur the benefit of the holder and
all parties subsequent to the parly lo whom notice is given,
Sicnox HI. Where the in-tiument has been di-honored in
the hands of an agent, he may either hiiu-elf give notice lo the
parties liable (hereon, or he may give notice to his principal.
If hi- give notice lo his principal, ho must do s,, within the
same time as if ho were the holder ami tho principal upon tho
receipt of such notice has himsi.-lf t lm same time for giving
notice as if the agent had been an independent holder:
Ski "iiox 0.". A written notice need not be signed, and an
insufficient written notice may bo supplemented and validated
by erbal communication. A mi-description of the in-triiiucnt
docs not vitiate the notice unless tlio parly lo whom the notice
is given is, in fact, misled theiehy.
Si.ciiox 0(1. The notice may U writing or merely oral ami
may bo given in any terms which sufficiently identify the in
slriimeul, and indicate thai il has been dishonored by linn
acceptance or non-payment. It may, in all eacs, bo given by
delivering il per-onally or through the mails.
Skction 07. Notice of dishonor may lie given either to the
party hiuiolf or to his agent in that behalf.
Si.ctiox OS. When any party is dead, and his death is
known to the parly giving notice, the notice inu-t he given lo
a personal representative, if there bo one, and if with reason
able diligence he can be found. If there lie no personal repre
sentative, notice may ho scut to the last residoiie or hist place
of business of the decea-eil.
Si.ctiox 00. Where the parlies lo ho notified are partners,
notice to any one partner is notice to the firm, even though
there has been a dissolution.
Si.cnox 1(10. Notice to joint parlies who are not partners
must lie given to each of lliem, unless one of llieni has authority
lo receive such notice for the others.
Skctiox ll. Where a party has been' adjudged a bankrupt
or an insolvent, or has made an assignment for tho hciiclit of
creditors, notice may be given either lo the party himself or to
his trustee or assignee.
Si.ctiox 1(12. Notice may bo given as soon as tho instru
ment i- dishonored; and unless delay is oxcu-cil as hereinafter
provided, inu-t Ik- given within the times fixed by this Act.
Skciion I Oil. Where the person giving and tho person to
receive notice reside in the samu place notice must bo given
within the following times:
1. If given at the place of business of tlio per-ou to receive
notice, it must ho given before the close of business hours on
the day following;
2. If gi,on at his residence, il iuut 1m- given before the usual
hours of rest on the day of following;
.'I. If soul by mail, it must bo, deposited in the post offit-0
in time to reach him in u-uiil course on the day following.
Section 101. Where the person giving and the person to re
ceive notice reside in different places, tho notice must be given
within the following times:
1. If sent by mail, it must bo deposited in the post office in
time to go by mail the day following the day of dishonor, or if
there he no mail at a convenient hour on that day, by the next
mail I hereafter.
2. If given otherwise than through the post office, then with
in tho time that notice would have been iccoivcd in duo course
of mail, if it had been deposited in the post office within the
time specified in the hist subdivision.
Siction IK.". When notice of dishonor is duly addressed
and deposited ill the post office, the sender is deemed to li.no
given due notice, notwithstanding any miscarriage in the mail.
Si.ctiox 10U. Xotiee is deemed to have been deposited in
the post office when deposited in any branch post office or in any
letter bo under the control of the post office department.
Siction 107. Where a party receives notice of dishonor, he
has, after the receipt of such notice, the same time for giving
notice lo antecedent parties that the holder has after tho dis
ItiK nonr I'ahnb, Knit, Hawaii; $t ami
ailvs to $1000. Il 291. ii 111. Dated
Jlar 2C, no.
N Hernia tu 1. C'liunn. C M; cane
tropa on land. Kail. Ilunnll. $liC 20
100. 11 ."iii p 211. Dated .Mar 21. 1907.
llnnmih K Unyil (Mrs to t-lonccr
Mill Co i.i.i, I,; lot lit. 1'alpnt 4CS3,
rtiehiteti i-i ii. l.nhnlnn. Maul; 10 yrs
II 28K. p 2D0. Dated
n!s iii Wiillulsn RtiK f :
vrntt-i- rts etc, Waleliu,
1 1 mi per -r. H 2s,
at Tin H 1
Mar ii.., i in;
l.tle Lin, i
I.: Ii i i
Maul; lo i- -H
il 292. Dale I Mh li,. 190"
Rccordsd April 2, 1537.
Tcr of Hnttntl h niiiit I'ub WkH to
Koolau Hy ('" l.o' mnii. In ro con
htriictlun or riillii..n "i public utility
la Kootanlon una Kp. nipuko. Onlm.
I! Sal, P 120. Ilii".l An. Jl, 1905.
V.tl of lli-nilce r lllsh'ip l.y Irs to
l.uls.i Alan; Hi lsir Ai II II l li;j,
Kill "713, I'lialaa-kal. Wultilmi. Onlm;
100. II 2'.2, i 6i. Hal. 'I Miir 2U,
.1 ul (tt I-" Novell (wlilowi lo Mn--Pantos;
I); Ap i. Knl K.Jt. KhIIM.
Honolulu, onlm; $20. Il :".'J i o7.
tlntcl Dec 10, 100.
.1 cnrlo to Alfrcil Jl (loihiiin II 3;
lie In iinl-e, Jcmolry. lixtutPii, t-t- la
I Cirlci pawnshop, No. line Kmi St
Honolulu, J2-.U. mil, i lib. i)in..,i
,pr J I'niT.
Ceili lliown tr to Timor i: I'axtun;
Par lie I. pur' lot !, I.Ik 22, (.'ollo;o
Iltlls, lluiioliilii; $800. 11 2VJ, i 177.
ruti-ii Mm- '!. 1UU7.
Naliiiil A (iIiIh ntiil list. (.1 K) et it
(c Mm I. M Ki'kitiiolilkuinllkollki;
I), I :(!,.() no. n I'liiil, Kukill lane. Ilu-i-ollilil;
$:imiii. li -U2. p CS. Daltrl
Jlnr 2C. 1!io7
Henry I' U.iMnln ami wf to Wil
liam () llalilttln; II IntH 20, 21, 22
i. ml 2:i, Ml '.'. Coll-u, Hills. Honolulu;
II. ulc. II 2!i2, .V.i. ll.iteil Mar 30,
Iloliry 1' llaldnla nml f lo Joseph
I' Cooke nml f: I), loin .',r,ii nml ",;7
of Or .17211. Ki-unlo ami Nimenehl Sta,
Honolulu: Jl, etc. II 292. p i.l. Hat-i-il
Mar .in. ISO.
Tlrst Am Snvs ft Tr Co of Hawaii
Mil lo Nannie It Hire; 11; 1-2 lilt In
H I' TO". Kill 28. Kallaa, Koolaupokci,
Oaliu; :,n. II 2!I2. i t'2. Dated Mar
Klun-r I! I'.ixton nml t In June O
llcm.'iiua). H: iir lei .. Iilk 22. Col
lcKo I Mils. Honolulu. $Sm. II 2'.i2, p
t.1. Haled Mill' .m. l'.in;
I'mniellne M MnKooii to ltlcliard t)
Kelly; Itul. per Cr r.tt.1. Kalllit, Hono
lulu; $.17r.. II 2MJ, p 17s. Dated Apr
Maria l de It Varr.-io ml Imli to Dor
laid do Ciimani r; I); N liaif lot II
7 ( arreH land). Kukiinii 2ml, S llllo;
inr.il. 11 292. C2. Dated Mnr 2H. 107.
IMuiika (k) to I'uupal Knuliaae; I);
It I' 1.S7S. Kill -JISC. Knmaal, l.alinliia.
Maul; II. etc. It 292, i 54. Dated
Mar 20. I'm".
Itosa Dickenson li) pin to Mrs Un
tie Dickenson: llcl; 11 l,-a 0777. An
. and r.'.in, IddKs nml preinlnes. I'uako,
etc. l.ahalnn, Maul; $1000. II 2SD, p
.77. Dated Mnr 27. 1U07.
S M Kannkaii to King You; 1.;
sirs II 1' 221)!, Kill tons, Hnlemano,
Klpaliulu, Maul; 1.' yrs at Jl.'.O per an
num. II 2SS, p 291. Dated Jail 21,
Tor of llawnll liy Snpt I'uli Vkn to
Kauai Uy Co; AKrinl In re constrii"
tion of railroad of pnlillr utility and
free U W in or (lovt lamls. etc. In Ka
uai. II 2UI. p 123. Dated Mny 2D, 1900.
Recorded April 3, 1007.
Vim ticaiock to Ylia I. In CIioiik; II
S; 1 bliaru and 1-3 in t In lik ncets in
(-una Till Will Co, Kallua, Koolnti
poko. Oaliu; 1000. II 291, p 129.
Dated Apr 1. 1907.
Mary C .Noll ! IIIkIi Sheriff to
I. A '''Illusion: Slier I); int In lota
.'i and 5A of (li- 1G39, near cor Wyllla
and I.llllia StH, Honolulu; $1500. II
292, p UK. Dated Oct 22, lSOfi.
I. A TliiiiDton ami wf to Mnry M
I'Wers; I); lot 5, C.r 1039, Wyllle St,
Honolulu; J 1200. 11 292, p 07. Dat
ed Mar 18. 1907.
Mnry M Peters and list) (i: C) to
Mull MldR & Iian Soey nt Hawaii
Ltd, M; lot 5, Or 103P of l'imnianl
iiId tract Niiuiinu valley, Honolulu;
11200. II 2S9, p 179, Dated Mar
Will Henry to I. I, Mi Candles, A
M; mtK 1. I'olaut and -sf on It 1 1 SI.
Kill 00S5, W'lil.aac, Koolnupoko, Oa
liu; $200. 11289, p 'SI. Dated Apr
l.utula l'olanl and wf to I. I. Mc-'
(landless; I); II 1' 1M, Kill 00S5, Wal
lane, Koolnupoko, Oaliu; $50 and
mtK $200. II 292, P 09. Dated Apr
Westn & Hnwn IaHtmt Co I.til to
I. 1, .Mi'C.indless; A M: lull K Koli
t Its and lisli on poi (il 1303, Kual'llll
St. Honolulu. It l'H 2915, 291C, .100S,
nous and 921. I.aie. Koolauloa; 1 3-1
Int In share in (Ir 101, Walkane, Ko
olauloa; all Oaliu; 2 1 1 1, U 2S9, p
IS2 Dated Apr I, 1907.
J Ioola nnd wf to Mary Kanluj I);
I c land, I.alc-maloo, Koolauloa, Oa
liu. $."i. ete. II 292, p 70. Dated
July 5, 1900.
Tor of Hawaii hy Bupt I'uli Wks
lo Tis of K8t of llcriilcti 1 Illsliop;
V.x I); lut In per Kill 773, Walalua,
Oaliu. II 291 ii CO. Dated IVU 20,
Tih of list II 1 lllshop to Tcr of
Hawaii Supt of l'h WKb: l' I); 10,-
001) mi ft hind. Halelwa. Walalua, Oa
liu. II 291, p 00. Dated l'eb 20,
l.olalnlui Ah Kenc and hull (M) to
I'aul Muhlendorf; I): Int In por 11 1
317. Kill 9111 and hldpi. Aula, Hono
lulu; $50. II 292, p 71. Dated Apr
Mnlkdia (ki: Affdt: In ro adv pos-
Ucsslon and ownenlilp of pu land, Kn-
-1. . y fr 'AJ-jtSuafft1,.