Newspaper Page Text
nvnxixa milletix, Honolulu, t. h. Wednesday. ,rniL 1. toos.
Battleships Arrive With Armor
WHITNEY As MARSH
Showing And In Solendid Shaoe
fc I'ave just received from
A Scitc Assortment of
' .' 'imil.i . i- ..r i ii ,v. , ...'i ,',,,' '' . ;i '
i ' . ' I ,. . , - . ' " " ,v,if,-
ft: , '
si y i in ii i l l; '
which we will place on display on
CONGRESS SUBMITS TO
i PLANS FOR NEW LEG
Washington. March 21 I'ruslilcnt
JiooKutvIt Ih to liac Ills own a
'with CoiiKrpaB TIiu laws which labor
leailvrH huvo been (lcmatiilltiK nnit
which tlio I'resldcnt favora will bo
fiasscil before tho iireaetit Bestlon utl
jouriiH. In addition, tho Btnml-njtU'rs In the
party will he xhockeil to learn that
th'o President has forced tho lilsh ta
llff leaders to consent to tho passaKO
of either the I.a I'ollctlo or tho llevo
rhino bills creatltiB a tailrf lovlslon
. Tht'bO questions wcio soltled today
after a lonR conference between tlu
President and Senator Aldrlch or
niiodo Island, the "bin huso" of the
Senate, and IlopreKcntatUes Hayne
and Dalzcll, tho sub-boiiKes of tho
It Is understood that tho teutatlvo
Iirosranmio outlined and agreed to to
day provides for the following lenls
latlon before adjournment:
I PatsaBo of tho Aldrlch emergency
An employers" liability law, prepar
ed wllh caro to stand the test or tho
Supremo Court of tho United Status.
. Amendments to tho Sherman anti
trust law and tho Interstate commerce
law demanded liy labor In Its memo
llal to ConKfOE.
A A hill providing fr tho appoint.
Tnent of a tarlit lovU'.cu coninilBFlmi
to make a pivparatorj ri'porl to Con-
fross for rovlslni; tho tin IK.
lly this piosranimo It will bo seen
that tho Presldtnt yields on only one
point end carries four of his own.
Yields Only One Point.
Hu takes tho stand that the Senator
from Rhodo Island has withdrawn tin-
tralIroail bond feature or bis bill. It
havlni; been iloprlved of Its r.iokt ob
jectionable feature, and will do no
particular harm If pathed. Tin
'greatest surprise In tho prosrann.i
is tho consent to tho creation or a
commission to rc-vlso tho tariff.
vJ Senator llovcrldse mndo himself
"ulte unpopular by Introducing u bill
of this kind In tho Senate early In the
hesslon ami making u Bpeech on It.
Senator La l'ollotto added to lit
unpopularity yesterday In introdiu-liiri
a similar bill and iiiinour.clng that he
Ihtendoil to malto on uxteuduil speech
fipou tho qiiOHtlou,
PUBLIC BUILDING DILL
1 WaBhlngton. I). C, March 10.
".Jl't'io Is conslderablo discussion ic
'gardlns tho prospects lor tho public
- bulldlngu hill. Tho latest gossip Is
that It may bo made up to carry about
JltlS.UOO.OOO. In which case, If tho rate
fof other appropriation bills Is any cil
Itbrloii, It will bo cut down to Jfl.uui)
1600 or J7,fi00,000. Alieady theio Is
flpeculatlou as to how tho smaller sum
Jrwlll bo npportloned, and there Is four
Khat tho men whose lulluence mu bo
greatest will got all tho money ror
KiTln case tho apportionment lb not
.conslileicil uqilltiiblo. there ato enough
"kickers to make It tolerably certain
hat tho bill will bo donated.
ijj 1,'or San KrancU'co no morn money
will lin nlliiweil Hilt. vonr. but tho III)-
Rropilatlon foi tluj Sub-Tiuasiny will
fpiuliauiy no cn.incu io unow
iMfimm on I.. .it. nui'lritnil to tin
.JII.'IIVJ (,.' .!. I'I" !'.." "
lor tho situ.
. r I ' fcs&iSiS
fluaauKks.?-, : raixwav-xirfatfK v. '
u ,i ur u vc h i ' un-Mr.waRaMju. v . otii . ,ae- 9 ,- '- .... - tiff-ii.'!!' w. ir . -. r: v.11 r
Next, April 1
r ri i f ami inwn wiuk. c -vri irn i ,.
PLANS IN MOTION TO RESIST
London, ling.. Miuch 21 The
Atistinllan (lovertinient practically
hiu committed Itselt to compulsoiy
military t,irlco as the only saiefiimrd
against the ill ended Japanese Inva
sion. Tho Immediate propoa.il Is to
form a national guard of defense In
which every young Australian will bo
required to serve during his nine
teenth, twentieth and twcnty-Ilrst
year, spending sixteen ilujs a year In
Ultimately, counting only men un
der foity, Australia will have SUU.UOU
men who ato either In or would have
paused through tho lauKs. No con
cealment Is made that this scheme Is
directed against Japan.
Tho Australian press, commenting
on Prime Mlnlstei De.iklu's speech,
declared that all Japanese wero
taught that It was their destiny to
acqulic Australia. At present tho
Anglo-Jnpaneso treaty Intonones be
tween Japan and her ambition Hut
when tho treaty lapses, Australia will
then have to defend herielf or go
LOGICAL SUCCESSOR FOR CAMP-
Lcniloii, Mtrrh 22 That Mr As
qulili 1.4 hloudlly I'tionglheulng hit i
klllmi as the logical successor of
Caiiipbell'UanuermiMi at tho head of
the Liberal pany. Is conceded oven by
tliobf who liavo been most ittrongly
opposed to him. Tho now leader Is ;.
Ills position as the Pilmo Minister's
uicressor is now icciire ami the uecp
iltv for a ch'ing.i Is nipmeut when nn
autumn session cannot bo nvolded and
au exhaustive strirjglo cout'routs tho
Tho Pecklmm election, If curried by
the Unionists next weuk, will bo nn
indication that publicans mid Inr
maids liavo an immense lulluence In n
doubtful constituency and that the
brewers aro bent upon seem lug n mo.
nopoly of valuable licenses which the
uatluii ought to cunt i ol ubsoliitoly. Is.
suing or withholding them at dlscto
LEOPOLD AFRAID OF
ENGLAND AND AMERICA.
UrussclB, March 4. Tho sweeping
concessions mndo by King Leopold In
the now treaty which provides for the
annexation of tho Congo Independent
States to llolglum ato attributed to
his dread of Ilrltlsh Intervention
hacked by tho United Stutcs. Tho
King, It Is claimed, would rather run
tho risk or facing an Internal account
lug of his stuwmdshlp than tho foimci
I Fine Job Printi"" it the Dulletln.
1 Kk.... .,N "t F. -x'Tr;---' A .. ' T;.;. ySSSaeKt L ,,:- "il1
ipi - ' " "" ' '" ' " """ Bi BH , Ml I. ,. ,, . a I I I I ! Ill
n l,uc afivit;io vitiiiNu i( r .' ..,-.--. ,. ,
n fe?g5CM,5r h-.- . -. -'- - ;
- Aia.KK3MYSTltX.VtO. I 1111. ,'...-. 1 FA . . I, . i . IttflPl 1
lly ItlCllAltlJ I1AK11Y
S KANdAii. MUIDALKNA
Lower ('.illfmnln, March 12.
It Is done. We liae slipped iiuchors
in a Calllornin bottom and the Cali
fornia balm Is on our brows.
Hut Ihiee months ago or was It
)esterd.iy? we felt the snows oil
llatteias and wall lied the Mayllower,
with Its President, glow dim on tbo
Then Into the soft- smooth Carll)
lie. in mid the warm blow or tho
smith; then the luscious tioplcs.
uhcic Neptune, pausing on the Kqua
tor, lulled us till he piopcrly made
eei land-lubber one or his trusty
slielllKieks: then the south temper
ate with Its owcet-tlcli breath Trom
the savannahs, r.ml again the snow,
this time fioni the glacle,- peaks of
Magellan, and then the Paclllc, sun
ii), serene iliiil cool, up which we
riopt for six weeks, straight fiom
the tli ot the Andes to tho top;
then cut the necli from tho tossing
Gulf of Tehuantepcc, rounded the
gin) lee ot San Lucas and swirtly
dug uur sea-battered noses Into the
Hay or Magdaleua!
And here we are the continent
circumnavigated; thiee rones and
live climates survived, the roll of
South Amel lean republics complete
on our visiting list, not a propeller
out of place, not a gun trunnion
rusted, not a holler condemned, six
teen battleships or tho (list class
qulto ready and willing to start out
this sunny and cool forenoon, for wo
have a week's coal in our bunkeis,
a month'. pioWslons in our hold and
enough ammunition In our maga
zines to put an) lespectable navy out
of business in -an hour wo are
lend) to start out, I say, without no
tice, and ptovo It.
Which we are going to do; this
iiilnutn 1 can hear tho ammunition,
hoists bringing up the Mint lound or
8-Inch for the picllmliiary inn on
tho target range.
Railroad Trains Outdone
And on time; to bo exact, two days
ahead of time. When they made up
that schedule In Washington, some
one wns kind enough to forget that
l'ebiuary In 1908 has twenty-nine
days, so wo wore an well oil ns If e
were sailing west uciobs tho Inter
national data lino.
We Jojt n day from Trinidad to
Klii, but we mado It up fioni lllo to
Puntii Arenas, and then wo picked
up another day from Callao here.
Henco wo aio two days In front of
Can ou mention u trnnbcnntlncn
tul tialn, after thlity jcats on the
run, that can do that, or, to be move
fair, nn ocean liner with that pleas
Thirteen thousand miles In three
months, sixteen battleships lonstaut
ly In tactical formation, no emu ever
mote than eight bundled yards from
Its nearest neighbor, and most or tho
time but four bundled yaids, trans
terilng tho bea power or the nation
the becom! navy or the world
liom tho est to tho west coast or the
Unite 1 States through one ot the
most dangerous channels known to
navigation, without accident or de
lay, mid on a little better than sched
ule time that Is the lecoul.
Slnco flod mado the win Id It has
not hceu done until now. .Nor nny
thlug like It.
12,899 Miles in 07 Days.
K ou wish to be pieelso, it was
12,80!) miles In oljJht-feoven ilnyaj
but tho twenty-four Iiouib wo grow
gray In Hlo do Janeiro wondeilng If
our month's mall would nrilve heroic
we shoved off can surely put on an
other tlii-eo il.ijs (you can oven
slietch It to thrco weeks); whllo tho
thlo-rlps wo fought In l'osbcssloti bay
and the northwest currents wo buck
ed the other side or tho passage will
easily make up tho odd 101 miles.
Someone ma) detect a bo.istrul
note In this plain lecord of u groat
event. If so, it must ho ascribed to
-j- fi r.irnl.1 balm Is on uur lirnwu. ueiJDeTTxAtVrKrFiJjCHC
the writer, and not to the tifliceni of
this licet. They scoffed at tho possl-'
bllity ot dllllculo; tlioy quietly
shrugged theli shoulders when prats
oil for their hardihood In undertak
ing this cruise.
Today they look out upon J his ob
scure nnd Btrnggllng Mexican hamlet
with the fcamo Indifference they have
previously displayed for a bundled
Armor Belt Is Showing
How about the armor belt?
It show? It shows. You can Boo It
very plainly on nil the ships. On
thlsBhlp It Is about a foot tibovo the1
water; on bomo It rises to three reel;
on none tower man six inciies. ion
can easily toll, because the main belt
Is painted red, while fioni the pio
tectlvo deck, which meets It, upwards
tho paint Is white. Under the white
paint tho armor Is seven Inches thick,
under tho red, nine.
Right here wo tomo to that big
bugbear, criticism ot tho navy. It
centers In tho armor belt. It also
centers In tho freeboard, and In tho
ammunition hoists, and In the low
uess of the till rets.
Hut it U more plausible 111 tho
belt, In which tho stylo now Is like
that In women's belts nnd supposed
not to hhow. Hut tf wo pause to con
sider this pioposltlon of tho minor
belts for a whllo we may get i
glimpse of what nil this storm or
ciltlclsui means. Yet, I doubt If I
can present It heie, becauso It would
lequlre several volumes.
1 nay only say that for three
months I have! been diligently trying
to (lml out from tho various expetts
on this fleet wo have tlueo naval
constructois and 700 wcll-trnlncd of
ficers whether tho armor belt
should he above or below tho water. !
Part of them say that It should, nmll
p.u t of them say that It should not, I
and whenever you get a. wardroom J
conversation on the subject you start
a fieo fight. It Is like ptoposlng n
debaio at a Btato ttnlveislty Should
we have co-education?
At any rate, thcro Is that 7-Inch
armor pinto plenty high enough, and
at Icibt Millie of tho 0-Inch. A ''at'jT. jmj vmvt
tleshlp Is a compromise. When they I Bit Ml HIV
stait to build ono they let loos.0 n.i ! VV IIAMJUJ
her plans tin eo buieaus in Washing-
ton and about six oxpoits, who col-!
lectlvoly icprosent tlie highest nnnl
Intolllgencc tho world can produce, j
llach of these experts Is u special
ist, who luiB devoted his life, per
haps, to ordnance, perhaps to engl
neeilng, perhaps to navigation. They
battle, each for his convictions. It
Is liko turning a Blck man over to
half a dozen specialists, each for a
Tho result Is well, you will see
sixteen of them steaming up the
coast within tho month; on time,
ready for action or a flower parade.
Years aftcrwaid, when this present
exposo or tho navy has been placed
historically cm record with n long
list or other sensational, International
disruptions, each or which has con
tilbuted lis tempest-testing ami
whirlwind-proving to an elliclont nnd
distinguished service, you will still
find tho Stars and Stilpes floating
over tho best battleships In tho world.
Perhaps not a littto of that su
piemacy will bo duo to these attacks;
hut If j mi tnko them seriously
whllo tlioy mo on -pshaw!
MACUALIINA HAY. Lower Cali
fornia. Match la. Hear Admiral Uv
tina sat for Bovornl hours enjojlng
tho seml-tioplcul sun today In an
uimduilr placed on the after bildgn
of his flagship, tho Connecticut, guz-
ing out over the broad waters of the
bay and admiring the wonderful ad-
, Mintages or this out-of-the-way liar-
bur. He pointed out Us merltB as a
naval base In detail, and regretted
that Its counterpart was not located
along tho soulliwestern Bhores of the
"It would bo a great thing for
us," be exclaimed. "What n flno
place for our purposes! Deep
lor, high smroundlng hills nnd do-1
N,rliiil shnroM. whlrli iii.intlt of nnv
i - . ... . ..
"unge m uirgci practice.
t"c aiiihii.ii who spcauing. iiie
tipurglu, Admiral Kmcory's llagshtp
of tho second division of tho first
squadiou, steamed within tho nn
choinge radius of the l'leet, return
ing from the target range. She came
at rapid speed between the ships,
making her way to tho head ot the
division on the starboard bow of tho
Connecticut. The Admiral watched
the vessel for n moment, then turned
hair way In his chair and spoko somo
ordcis to ii member of his staff. Im
mediately there was stirring activity
on tho biidge, with half n dozen of
llcers moving with energy and swift
ness to execute tho
comniander-l n-ch let .
order of the
Meantime the Ucoigla had moved
Into her allotted position, the anchor
use had In en let go, the chains hud
rattled IhrotiGh the starboard hawso
holc and she hud come to a stop dl
tectly In line with the other vessels.
"Well done, Ocorgln!" the Admir
al remarked ('usually. The woids
were lepentcd with a shout by an
aid to the ollleer on tho bridge, and
ii ti lint mnlnttiftt't ulnit tlin ulirnnl nf
commemllltoll , tho acorsllli Tll0
, .,,. .., .., .... ...
t,,-iiwt, n-iif,iiii;, ii i-iiiiiu uui-i uiouiii,-
Admiral Kvnns said that very like-
It lit i,itl.l ,.i, ,,ut ,., i Mm I iri.nl
lnljn w,,. .. ,,,,,., ,,,, R,,
engaged In her recoid target prac
tice. Ho said that his tender, the
Yankton, would ho hero by that
time, nnd ho might go aboard her,
but moio likely ho would lemalu on
GREAT BRITAIN'S DREADNOUGHT
IS NOT A COMPLETE
London, March 21 --As has been al
ready cabled t( Tho Ameilcnn, a cer
tain section of Jlrltlsh naval expert!)
Is stiougly opposing the further build
ing of Dreadnoughts, and oven goes
so far as to condemn tho typo as n
ponderous mid pretentious t.ham.
So far na open comment goes, tho
typo Is still unanimously accepted
and acclaimed us "tho battleship of
(ho fiituro." That Is the olllclal vlovv.
Hut a minority or ofllceis, whom dis
cipline, keeps from "speaking out, '
condemn tho type, and predict that It
will piovo absolutely wmthless In a
real naval engagement.
Tho crazo for Dreadnoughts is
Bt longest among their designers. Tho
fooling against them Is confined to
ollloers who hao gimo to eea In them.
Thcbo ofllcein prophesy that It will bo
absolutely Impossible to work ten or
In battle. In uccuiacy and weight of
motal dhchargod, tho recent Dread
nought trials weio a triumph. Tho
result looked well on paper. Hut no
public toport has been .Issued concern
lug tho price paid for that triumph.
It Is u fact that during tho llilug
trials mon worn carried bolow utterly
Incapacitated thiough vertigo stun
ned, and even Insensible. As long as
a few big guns wero fired the effectB
were not felt. Hut llio first attempt
Keep up n rapid itisiiiade liom nil
'weho guns piodueed whnt was des
crlbed to me as n "sloim" which
tltll'flit Uiipuii linlnn r. trttxir t... n. .....
J,-,' " , ; -;j;c
Frn(J wrecks Nerves.
Kon men who wore not Incapacltat-
ed complained that their nerves and
Union wero so badly ulTcctod that it
wa-jwns useless to continue firing,
lr this os.porlenco Is repealed with
fltlll. ulllllU ,lf tlwt MrnnillllllMrlil ll'im
.. ...'. . . .....i . .jrw
hey will bo ablo to uso only part of
their liHtnnrv h:ittirli. nnd nu tlmv
,au, secondary bntteiios they will
bo In tho samu position tis tho battle.
idtlps of tho old t)po. which wero nrm-
ed witlt only four twelve-Inch guns.
The Husso-Jnp.incBc wur showed
that secondary batteries play n tie
mendouB rolo. The only damage that
Ilojestvensky Inflicted on Togo at tho
battle of Tsushima came from the
Russian Slncli nnd (Much guns. Tho
Japanese did havoc with their second
ary battel les. Itwns sheila fttim
their smaller guns which Bet the Rus
slau ships on fire. The Russian Cap
tain Senienoh", who was on the Hag.
Bhlp, declared that it wns "the unlit-
jtcrruptcd thick rain of six and eight
.Inch bhclls which effected our nilii."
and ho adds that the occasional shots
Irom tho big Japanese gnus weio com
As no Dioudnought Is armed with a
secondary battery, It Is plain that It
she Is compelled to use only n row or
her big guns she will hu unable to
stand up against a ship of tho older
Japan Takes Advantage.
This reasoning hns evidently been
adopted by Japan. Her two now siti-
posed Dreadnoughts, the Akl and Sat
uumn, aio In reality tho antithesis of
tho Knglish Drcudnoiight tpo. They
cairy four 12-Inch guns mounted In
pahs In bow mid Btt'in barbettes, and
twelve 10-Inch guns mounted In pairs
In broadside baibctt03.
Tho broadbldo baihsttcs constitute
thn Kornnilnrv lialtnrv. Tliortn mm.
weigh 28 tons, as opposed to tho SO
Ions of tho 12-inch guns, and their
ihoila weigh only 4J0 pounds, ns op -
poand to S50, The weight of their
pnwder chargo and their muzzlo ve
locity are only half of those of tho
guns In the 12-Inch batbettes. Tho
leal Dreadnought!! have big guns all
of tho same caliber, which could bo
In ought Into action at tho same mo
ment, whcicas tho Japanese second
ary battery could bo used only nt a
much closer range than the four big
Tho two 22 01'0-tnn battleships
which Japan Is building at homo, and
tho thltd, which Is under coustiuctlcm
on tho CI) do, aio also nut Dread
noughts. Kach will liavo a secondary
battery of ten 8 inch gnus mounted In
pairs. It Is declined, however, that
tho main armament will consist of no ,
less than twelve 12-luch guns, If that
Ib bo they would aurtor from "stoims",
ns badly as the, Hrltlsh Dreadnoughts,
but they would liavo n secondary bat
tery to fnll back upon. I
Other Guns Shock Crews.
It is a ciiiIouh fact that tho Dtoad
nought's gunners never uufteied from
tho discharge or tho guns In their own
barbettes. Tho hliuck from which 1
they suffered was caused b) heavy si
multnuoous llrlilg of guns In other,
Apart from tho shock problem, Jap
an'B Inslstenco on 11 secondary battery
is causing much comment. Hut Liken
together with the stories of tho effect '
of llrlng on tho Dreadnought's crow.
It has tho effect of raising tho very
momentous question: Is tho Dread
nought the lueslstlble monster she Is
boasted to bo, or Ib sho an over-armed,
unworkable typo, which will bo
1 ejected by the navies of tho futuru?
RECORD DREAKING CRUISER ,
GETS WORLD'S MARK.
Washington, D. a, March i. Tho
United States scout cruiser Chester,!
to which Commander 11, Wilson Pus
hceu assigned as commiindor, has
O&fciv. -'-'! 'lUtM
, .. V tn,. I
.. .15.; I
jBnM!,Kwict.i.'-.i. ..'.ht.;l i i -i
dUste ': l'KKB.V5faH4BM,lW'
rEPiSPEEO QCVHT IVCSGi' -
,1)101,011 tho world's record for naval
, vessels of over 1500 tons' dlsplaco
i ment That means that the Chester
, can beat an) thing outside of u tor
, pedo boat destroyer.
A dispatch hs.B been rei'eiM'd by
Hear Admlial Capps, ihlef or the Un
real! of Construction, riom Comman
der Wilson, stating that the Chester
had made 22. S knots per hour on :i
iitendy 21 hours' coal consumption
test run. That lite.iks nil lecouls.
In a test held Just before this, tho
Chester made 2C.D2 knots per hour
ror four consecutive Iiouib, and that
beats the world's lecord. Tho Ches
ter was constructed on tho plans of
METCALF WILL INVESTIGATE
' Washington, I) C, March IS.
becietaiy Mclcair Intends conduct
ing an investigation or hU own Into
tho murh-dlsousBod question of I ho
water-lino armor belt or tho battle
ships, which homo critics ot the Navy
have declared to bo too low for safe
ty. Ilo will call on Admiral Kvnns
for data on Mie subject. Ho will sup
plement this with some observations
of his own when he reaches S.iu
Francisco to icvlevv t'.'j Atlantic and
Pacific Fleets theio on Mny Sth.
Washington, March fi.Senator Halo
today introduced a bill requiting wire
less telegrjph companloi in piocure u
license fiom tho Secretary of Com
meico mid I.abur wheio their nu'ii
bagos or signals extend fiom one Statu
REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS.
Entered for Recoid March 31, 1908,
From 10:30 n. m. to 4 p. m.
S Kiimal to Win C Achl tr M
V K Howard to Win M Vincent. . .1)
A N Kcpolkat and wt to David C
Lindsay tr u
J A (lonsalves unci wf to Hlla I, T
F S I.) man tr to Elizabeth K Vic
Annie T K Parker by gdn to Ilono
kou Stigur Co KxL
vm Hamm-Young Co Ltd to Lau
( Hop r0
i Entered for Record April 1. 1908
Cecil lliown tr to James A Thotnp-
win nnd wf Rol
Dang Sam. Tuck to Sam Sick IIS
S. D. Waterman, superintendent of
Hcrkuloy schools, resigns to tnko
charge or Whittlcr school.
This older brother
how to play
doctor, In real
Aycr's Cherry '
her, and her 1
the one stand.
ard cough modiclno for children
is entirely freo from narcotics or
poison of any kind. It is tho great
romedy the world "over for colds,
coughs, croup, whooping-cough,
influenza, la grippe, and all bron
Accept no substitute or cheap
and worthless imitation. Bo suro
you got Ayor's Chorry Tectoral.
Put up in largo and small bottles.
Fripvid by Dr, I, C, Alir & C... l.iill, Mm , U.S.A.
"MSw TZ aj" M Aim l
A-y lii'v "m 1
41 &u )M