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" - THOMAS' 1909 NEW DETROIT
IF SUCH A CAR AS THE CHALMERS NEW DETROIT, which is to bj one of the E. R. Thomas Detroit Company's offerings for 1909, had been
placed on the market three years ago, it would have been shunnsd by the novice and the experienced alik:, and there would have been
' "much head-shaking as to what it & built ofto sell at the phenomenal price which its makers have put on this most attractive-looking
,24-horsepower, four-cylinder ..cav namely $1,500. But under present conditions the latter is merely another striking indication of what a
modern' factory and purchasing 'organization can do vith a good design to work on. It is likewise a sign of it he," fact that American makers are
finally beginning to realize in no uncertain raanser fust where the popular demand is trending. There hat-been entirely too great a gap between
the actually Jow-priced car with. itiJirunerous limitations of heavy we ight and low power, and the meuum-priced car' with sufficient power
and stflf about" ft tTlatlsfy jthe man .who realizes only too well what he wants in the shape of an automobile, but to whom the really good car
,ihas been an-,impossibility heretofore.
COMPACT UNIT POWER PLANT .AND .GEAR-SET1 , OF THOMAS' NEW DETROIT
There are numerous points of merit about the motor itself which
will immediately attract the attention of the experienced eye. lightness
and compactness have been gained to an unusual extent by combining
the four cylinders in a single casting, while it also gives the further ad
vantage of more satisfactory water-jacketing. The intake valves are
placed in the head of the cylinder, and the exhaust valves are at the side,
this arrangement making it possible to use very large valves, consider
ine the bore of 'the cylinder. The intake valves are operated by overhead
rocker arms, and measure 2 1-4 inches in diameter, while the exhaust
measures 1 1-2 inches and its operation is by means of the usual direct
thrust method. '
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Simplicity has been attained by employing the constant level splash "
oiling system originated by Mr. Coffin, fresh oil beinc continually sup
plied" to the engine by a gear-driven puinn, ('rawinc oil from a reservoir
at the bottom of the orankcase. Individual compartments are provided
for each crank throw, and partition have been placed in the crankcase,
thus preserving the oil level throughout the crankcase regardless of. the
erade on which the car is traveling. With this system, a single filling
of the reservoir is ample for a- 500-mile run, while it requires very little
attention and has an cxtremelv high factor of reliability, owing to its
simplicity and lack of small parts and tubes.
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THOMASM909 "LITTLE SIX
DEVELOPMENTS OF AN UNUSUAL NATURE have been confidently looked forward to in the policies of many of the large makers for
1909, but it was hardly thought that they would materialize so soon, or that they would be of such n nvolut'orr-' rnt-'r: ns the. an-,
nouncement of the Chalmers New Detroit four-cylinder car to sell at $1,500, and the Thomas ''Ll.i.j a" h,. v.j, ut ....- ai v.,wuo.
These figures alone fail ti convey the impression that is made when the technical details of the car are reviewed, for then it is realiz
ed' for thfirst time that these offerings aie not merely repetitions of attempts that have gone before to produce a cheap car, but are the success
ful culmination of long study in the problem of producing a high-grade 'car to sell at a low price.
Especially happy has been the proportioning of the body dimensions and the location of the driver's seat in regard to the control levers, the
steering wheel and the pedal position. Luxury is provided by the use of very deep cushions and ample room in t'. 3 passenger accommodation.
The first aim of the Thomas designers has very evidently been to secure a combination of grace with comfort, for particular attention has
(been paid to the spring suspension. The wheelbase is 122 inches, sufficiently long to permit both the adhennce to accepted lines and the provi
sions of well-balanced body work, and the engine 30-horsepower should be ample to handle the car, primarily !esigned for comfort and gen
eral use, with ease under all conditions. '
ASSOCIATED GARAGE, Ltd
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