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r;VJCNINa BULLETIN ATLANTIC FLEET EDITION
pr .i , rr f . . v f Jp v? $ '
WHAT PROTECTIVE TARIFF MEANS to HAWAII
'TIS THE LIFE BLOOD
By E. E. Paxton
mis cnn hardly ho surpassed, c-pccJn11y in view of the 1'nct flint somojriqls for which come from America nnd nro protected li.y iienv duties
f the Inrgcst iiiidertnking3 have not as yet nindc nny financial returns in ninny ease, he uit itixtnll pumps and pipe line, niade'in Anier-
to their stockholders,
EFFECTS OF PKOTKCTIOX
ica, costinir, any, aiiotlier half-million, nnd likewise protected; he
imii expend manv iiiouauiis oi uonars in rauroaii", eiiKines, ear, live
In 1S01, tho so-called JleKinley Hill went into effect. This w as stock, etc., and which, for the incut part, enjoy similar benefits of pro
fifteen years after tho Treaty was made. The output of sugar had tootioii as tlioso accorded to sugar. After his plantation is once started,
increased from 12,5-10 tons per annum to 1-10.17-1 tons, or nioro than he must bnv his fuel oil from California fields, the material for the
Tho era of protection began in theso Islands will, tho Reciprocity '. fe . J'"'0 S Ini" orco. ?f " U' h 'rowl mm '" "'Mvo18. of , ' """l''7 '""' "in.pinont from Eastern fac.or.c ; ins
Treaty, which vent into effect .Sept. 0, 1870. Under tho terms of tho fl'V f l 'n?S'2 '' ""J ".? lV ,,n" "" f " , Hv, Rrnm, flour and a thousand mnl one articles which constitute the
Treaty, certain articles from Hawaii, principally sugar, bananas, and V '' j MT ' " ."'"JT h?A 'Yr TT ' 01., major portion of the com of producing sugr,nll from tho I n,.o,l
,-!n ,-n ,n..;(t,..l : i... it..:.-.i -.. r' it ...J : r.. I m ' n,ul Hnwrni; intcr-ulniul steam transportation had been devel- ..States.
rice, wcro nuiiutted into the United States freo of duty, in return for
which tho Hawaiian Kingdom admitted freo a largo number of manu
factured nrticles, building materials, nnd supplied, tho products of
American farms and factories.
In 18S7 n new treaty was made, extending the reciprocity relations
lor n iurther period of seven years, nnd granting
tlio cxctusivo right to establish a coaling station
oped, and Honolulu had grown from n semi-native fishing village into! Another important consideration is the value of Hawaii's carry
tho modern civilization of nil American citv. n'llir trade to tho American niorchnnt nini-inn. Tn niwirilniic-n with the
Tho McKinlcy Hill admitted nil sugar under 10 Dutch Stiind.nd oxNting navigation laws, all merchandise shipped to and from the
into the United States freo of duty from every country, and gr.mted a lylniul must be curried in American voxels 'presenting u total in-
STATUS FRIOn TO THE TREATY
Hut littlo progress hail been made in tho way of material develop
it prior to tho Treaty. Tho whalo fishery, which for a timo
J totho uiiited stlZ I ST ?tr.o" 1 a-,e- 2c; v" r" "" ,,o,,,ih,,c ir1r ' " :nr w?,I,,,,,MI, of mt '" t,,im ?ftw,,i ,,,,,,,,r of1,,,1,fl,' .,,,ch is ,wi" tuXsr
nt 1'carl Harbor ' WnS ' l Hawaiian sugar on the basis of the said and written in legard to the decline of the American carrying1 po Honolulu will suo:i bo. cm
world's market, and well-nigh paralyzed the industry in thee Maud, trade with foretell countries. Tho total foreiun commerce of tho "" ''' work K"ln "n- larK
- . ... I Ifl 1 ( . a a . . . . .1 ... . fill fit I. I mini. tTi-rftn
(Continued from page 4.)
Honolulu has tho best nml safest
harbor In tho lshnds, nnd ns tho
leading city nml strategic point of tho
Territory, gets n lion's charo of tho
intentions of the fortltlcatlon bluldcn..
Considering tho lari?p norks which
nro now lieltiR done nt l'cnrl Harbor
In t lie establishment of n nnMil base
there, Inrscr npiiroiirlatlons may bo
exacted In tho future, to thorouRhly
nrotect the docks. shlm. nnd expen
slro works which the Rovcrnmcnt Is
to ko Into, and to render this place,
uhlch would be of vnst value to an
enemy's ships, mnro nearly Invinci
ble. The nnriow nature of tho channel
there, and tho protected locating of
the. proposed ork, will tcry materi
ally aid In this, offsetting the com-paratlu-ly
low and level nature of
the Kroiitnl frontliiR tho water.
.lust as San I'rjncirco has been
made n strongly fortified point, brlst-
Undo Sam is
'Several of the weaker plantations were abandoned, and the entire ' United States carried in American bottoms during 11)07 was valued !,"int'!ngToin1haen)r'now,l,anl Ihu
country was threatened with ruin. Had this condition lasted for any at $olS,:i!)l,02(j.; tho total value of imports and exports from and to'sultB are beginning to iliow.
consiucrnuio period, it would nave nlniqt nnnilulated the sugar busi- the J erntory of Hawaii carried in American voxels for the same lio
ness in Ifnwnii. Only by inaugurating the most rigid economy and riod was $1 l,:.7J,li;.S. In other word, the value of little Hawaii's ,,TI,;',ro T "IT1 ,200, t!11"lf:1'c',l
l ..i , i T ,i i e r i i .1 i i ' . . . . . 'he Hnwallnn iBUnds, Including tho
seeking the most ndvanced methods of manufacture could tho best plan- commerce was M per cent, of the entire foreitru commerce earned uu- nrinrinni nori.i .ti-nnniinnittMi-. nu.i
liollglous sprvlccs Bre held in almost
Her too Amet'ienn I" lilt' tor t ut vonr 11 II..
. . B . " ln i m. n .,
Tim total value of . he commerce of tho United States with its ZC toZZ.
contiguous territory (Alaska, 1'orto IJlco, lutuila, and Hawaii), nrlcs, nro In preponderance. The
brought considerable revenue, had decayed, as well ns tho short-lived
trauo m sandalwood. Agriculture was begun long beforo the discov
ery of gold in California, and occasionnl shipments of potatoes and
other provisions were made to the ( 'oast ; but tho wido expanse of ocenn
between Ifnwnii nnd nny possiblo market compiled her people, then,
ns now, to seek some world staple like sugar which might bear tho
'long and cxpensivojotirnoy nnd be reasonably sure of u market when
it reached destination.
When tho Treaty was signed, tho total output of sugar in tho Isl-
flit flu irta Atlli' 10 Titfl foiiu twin niiliniii tiltlttllirli llm itijlitufttoliiul lmm
tiaua t o villi i)i' n it'iin i;i iiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiuiiu iiiu iiiuiiiin imu tJUtk I ' ' . - . ' -. -j-. ......... ......j.
started a quaiter of a century priitr thereto, business of nil kinds wns I aIlttioiml degree. This makes thu rato on ilO-degi-ec sugar (the umil .States. Xotwithstandiiig the large proportion of free linr,
at n standstill. 'J'hu planters had no moncv with which to expand standard) 1.085c. per pound, as against .'1.11c. when protection va jIP illls ,,;,! Hjlu.p nnexatiou the tidy sum of $10,000,000.
tations hope to exist when the protecting firm of i:ie tariff was with
In October. 1S01. tho Wilson Hill restored the duty cm sugar C
ing tho rato at 10 per cent, ad valorem on raws ami an additional of.e- V-xclusive of gold and silver shipments, was $l:!,:) 10,071). for 1007, of o""" Catholics lmvc n large body
cor lit I Ot II Pi'llt lllr DfllMll n HlVO 1 1J. ft. II Id l'CI 110(1. 1 II1S was lOI- . ,, ll,,i-.,;iV amn, w..a SI!! I7Q 0-.7 ,. .. Tn ., ..t .!. '" "' -l."l'iii v-inutu. iiiu
I.?" i.. I iV:', ' ,;".,..:.. .., ,00- -... t. ...I.:l. MlB..l . . ' c " ""' -",-,;", ; " r- ..renmny Mormons Iluddhlsts
lishcd the dutv on basis of nolnrization, eonimencing with .!.'(. for
sugar polarizing seventy-five degree and under, and .OJl.'c. for each
Confucians worship In teinp'cs dedi
cated to thoso faiths. .Mission work
i - H
CUSTOMS HKVKXUH EJfOM HAWAII
Xearlv SO per cent, of Hawaii's imports are from tho United nK """""""'V ""?e:?' ' ia
"" -, f ", i( ' "Jf viii hvou uu i ib'Jiiiiia in iiuau'
their plantations, nor could thov borrow it, so precarious wns their, ur3t ,xte,1(I-,d under tlio Reciprocity ireaty. litimbers into the ntictuil 'J reasury to lu-lp run the general Oovcrn-
-. .1 te .'... ii.. ii... .i...i,! .1 . ... In 1SnS nnmn nil nnvilt inn tn tlio llllltpil State, nllll Willi it all ..,.. 'PI... ..,....., ..t ...,.,..,,., ,..,,,.. M '... ,.,. ...tt,, 1. 1,n .......
undue impetus to expansion of tho sugar industry, greatly overtaxing j,t. ,, the' mainland of the United States in 1007 was ?:i,80; the aver
tho financial resources of tho Territory. Tho result is that the picsent , ,,m. amount lutid bv everv man. woman, nnd child in Hawnii on an
'"h"""-l . .. ....... ... ...Ii !-. .' . ' '
Scan duty on sugar then prevailing. raii"ing from three, to four cents ",1,mlt lin'' readied a lialt-milliou sliort tons, uiidoui)ieiu. erv near : titiitiiittil population of 1200,000, for the same period, was ?i.!IO.
per pound, nnd the low cost of production in competing countries left Ul 'iinMinuni, ns nlwiit nil nt the avaiiaiuo eano iiiuti nas necn uiin.eii. i winlo Hawaii s contribution may bo siniill compared with the ..a-
only sourco of revenue. Hardly a plantation was operated at a profit,
nnd several of them had passed through bankruptcy. Only in tho
most favored localities could they hopo to survive. Tho high Amei-
Tt must bp remembered thai ibe natural conditions i(l 0 Hawaii-
BENEFITS TO 3IAIXLANI) INDUSTRIES
And who have been the gainers under this system of protection
an Islands render the production of sitirur very expensive as compared and proin-o-s in theo Islands?
with European beet sug.tr, or the eano pioduct of Cuba, .lava, India, I Tho reply is sometimes made that tho licuefit of protection has
and, in fact, utmost any other tropical country. In Cuba, for instance, reached only a handful of so-called "sugar barons," and that the peo
tho sugar eano springs almost spontaneously from the soil, maturing plo of tho United States have paid for it. No more unjust or one-
quickly during the moist, hot summer season, and grows on year after sided statement could bo made, and can only disclose ignorance and
disregard of tnio conditions.
Since tho Reciprocity Treaty wns adopted, the people of tho Unit
ed States have received the enormous sum of $215,000,000. for exports
to Hawaii, products grown cm American farms and manufactured in
A in, ii,, ,.,., f,,,t,,,ifij 'Pin, ui-fti-.iiri, I f lilt-ill lull til tt lill.t- fill- llltillt lllif f-lllll-
4. .it, ...(. y.i,(.vrT .,,, i.,,..., ,..... ...... 'i,xi. " ..,,...... ....... .
pany) must eeuiip his plantation with a $."00,000. mill, the mate-j
year from the same roots with comparatively littlo cultivation. In
Ifnwnii, tho volcanic soils hnve to bo forced into nctivity with the aid
of high-priced fertilizers nnd irrigation in nmt localities from arte
sian wells nnd mountain streams at u tremendous cost. Enormous in
vestments in pumps,, canals, reservoirs, mills, ((.M h-ive to be made,
and for real genuine daring cntcrpru the sugar business of theso Isl-
tional expenditure, she is eertainlv doing her full share in bearing the
burden when she pays out of her own pocket nearly double her per
PROTECTION AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
As tho production of sugar has about reached its maximum in
these Islands, further development of resources must be in tho way
of diversified agriculture, that is to say, Mich staple products ns will
licnr long-distauco transportation and bo marketed at a profit. An
illustration of this is tho growth of tho pineapple industry during
tho past few cars. Prior to annexation. Hawaiian pineapples were
subiect to tho re-'itlar dutv imposed bv the D'mirlev tarifT of 'J.', per hllcrow'r i,OM",'o-
cent, ad valorem if canned in their own juices, and if pre-erved with 0nnircaZ ffiZfitfZ
Uontinuedon rage 8, electrical poer.
Oahil College, founded more than
CO years ago, U tho outgrimlh of tho
first boarding school cstabllche'l for
the children of mlsslunailos. A half
century back children cimo from
California to Oahu Tor their early
education. Oahu College now tits
students for tho American Uuhursl-
Domestic water supply for inoit of
the towns of thelslands comes frjjm
springs and high Icvl slroitms. The
Vntiro group of Islands rests upon nil
At souii lmtiits the r ilnf-ilt Is mi in
dent for all crops, hut to attain high
er efficiency sugar. Inn-inns nnd pine
apples nro generally Irrigated. On
sugar plantations uu tho leeward or
Konn sides of tlio various islands Im
mense pumping plants nro ntalntnlu-
ed, with Btoriso roscrvolr systems
Office: Brewer Building
Factory at Iwilei
Hawaiian Fertilizer Co.,
AY we call the attention of the House
holder to the fact that $3,000,000
worth of FERTILIZER is used annually by
the sugar plantations of Hawaii.
Why not profit by the experience of
the sugar planters, and bring new life and
vigor to your Lawns, Ferns, Palms, etc., etc.,
Sold by E. O. HALL & SON, Ltd., Selling Agents for Territory
Sporting Goods of All Kinds
When You Get.
You may be sure
you are getting the
E. 0. HALL & SON,
6 Limited, Fort and King Streets
We are the
Sole Agents in
". '? !
1 i i ,(