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EVENING BULLETIN ATLANTIC FLEET EDITION
U J 'JJIIH.WH H-.MP" "1IWII jiiiiij m uiiiii.i
Continued From Page 7.
Mtpir, !." per wilt, ntl uilouin niul mil' cent wv pound, tho fre-ih flint
lwiiijr siihjict to a noiiiinul dnh uf $7.00 jut thousand lines or 7 cents
jut i-uliif foot in lmlk. A few -mull plantation's hud been started,
lint tlie industry Inngui-lifd with tho attempt to poll ftesli
fruit in the limited t'oat market", without adequatu tritns
jMirtntioii fui'ilitH'a, and win on tho erjio of abandonment.
'Willi the sjliuiuliH nffonlnl h prut ret ion, this indutrv han deelojicd
hy lcnn mid bounds the total miniated output for the pieent ,vear
lining :)S000 case, valued at i? 1.00,000. No other tropie.il pio'duet
is so well adapted for the moderate iu eminent of capital and the utili
zation of small areas imt othiM w ic leiuuneralive.
Here, iiftnin, the mainland mainifiieluier and freiirht-earrier comes
in for his full sli.ue, in a liirgir piopoition een than in the cife of
sujrnr. For even ton of canned pineapples allied at, ay, .$"!.,
thoro must be ospended not le-s than $-'.". for supplies pnrcluned in
tho American market, and tninspoitcd in American wm-1; and at
tho Mine, time the great consilium!: populntiou of the United States is
furnished a product of a cpiality unierally admitted to be far supe
rior to nin thing of its kind produced elewhere in tho world.
JJecent experiments by tins IT. S. Ooveinment luiu- demonstrated,
linot to a certainty, that tobacco of a er.v .superior quality can bo
produced in certain localities. If the experiments now lieinjr made
on a commercial scale by piivato onteiprNo are iiccrful, thi- prod
uct will be a factor in tho futuie jiossihilitiis of the Islands, pnnided
it is not brought into direct competition with the fields of Cuba.
As tho Territory of Hawaii i3 now an integral part of tho Ameri
can commonwealth, licr people are in exactly tho same position as tho
beet-groweis of the West, the cine- and tobacco planters of tho South,
mill the fruit-producers all hut the eoiinln. Nunc of these inteiests
can stand direct competition with the treinuidotis possibilities of Cuba,
or the low cost of European beet sugar. Tnrilf conce-sioiis to tho-o
countries mean stagnation and death to the sugar and tobacco intei
ests of America, the combined output of which is valued at not less
Ith.in $ 1 7.V)00,000. per annum, for raw products alone.
WHAT HAWAII OFFERS TO
I company, partnership or corporation
In any manner whatsoever to prepay
; mo transportation, or In any nay as
(BY J. P. COOKE.)
Secretary Hawaiian Board of
n. . . , B,, ": ,vv , Ulst or encourage tho Immigration or
r , u rLW n, t'S L "h ' nilsratlo,, or any alien to tho United
'! .? ;crsln1l 'bor 'Pll r"r '" I States In pursuance to any offer made
wall has groall Impressed itself up- , R..ph ' ,, , .,.,.,',,.. , lhl,
on unpojers mnl hoy ue eomo o UnltCi, g , however, per-
)EV")ll.si T.JIP Clt0rt '".".Isslhlo for states or territories to
lurthur wlillo Immigration.
'udvertlse tho Inducements they oltei'
. i.i . ill!.-, i i.. u, .i . i UIL construction given to me act,
kith needed labor, an, loo lit k in LutC3 , tolrIlore, wcro pormUtCll
Iciiiloii gl en to oMalnlag n pernm.lt0 ,m,ucomonUi ,, m&e rom.
l-ttrJ''f V: ' '" i -.l0n1" "e.gn laborers by advertise-
in the ,,. nrst ion.ldrn
fc. i".;y"??in. J.?. J re contraction glvon to the act.
v nil lULUiii itiuvii t nun luu iiiiiu in- t
nn abundant .,,., of labor was nt pr cHnJ Shu n ,g
nnllable, and tho supply was mcas- ,,.'. ,,,' , .,,,?,,.
iirabl) under control, there was no ,cn , , , h ,mml(?rntlon of
sei lous thought of changing tho i-'urcll;n ,tthorcr8 to whom such offer-
torn; there bao boon some few ox- adilressoil
ccptlons, but the pollc of tho plan- au'lr"8Ct)-
tntlons, until rt-rint yean, haa been ' Tn" Act creating tho Hawaiian
against permitting tho luooror to ac J lat' 'f Immigration provides hat
noire his own homo from tho Manta-.lh? Uol of Immigration may solicit
Hut tho- comlltlons until recently
prevailing, mult r w hleh HiIh sj stem
subscriptions of money and otlior aid
from iicrsons and corporations, to bo
used fn promoting immigration to this
iwns iiiisbIIiIo. urn tmnslni: nwuv. Clil territory.
, , . .. , - - i . - ..,..
nebo for inanv Jcars li.ue not liecu as oi course niain to ocrjono
aMillnhlc and the; .lupanesu situation Hiat tho agricultural Industries of this
has gradually lead to tho present al
most complete suspension of Immigra
tion from that country.
At tho tlmo thai tho Hoard of lui-
Territory wero the oncos that woufd ho
directly benefited by Immigration ot
laborers, and that the greatest aid in
assisting Immlgiants to the Islands,
migration was org.inled tho planting or offering them means of earning n
twero confrontlnt; a serious condition. livelihood after arrival, would bo on
Their Inhoiers were being offered tho part of the plantations interests,
hlghei wnge3 on tin mainland tluui ' In all Its operations slnco Its oi
llio could afford to pay. It becamo ganlzatlon, and In all tho plans have
apparent that IntlticenieiilR other tha'i neon laid to Feciire whlto laborers,
ino iorrltonai Hoard oi immigration
has consulted with, and has received
tho support ami cooperation of, tho
plantation Interests. Without such
Bupport and co-operation the efforts
of tho Doard of Immigration would bo
lutllc. From Its first organization the
Hoard of Immigration has been ah
mi red of tho moral and financial sup
port of tho Hawaiian Sugar Planter'
Association in Its efforts to secure a
white population for tho Territory.
The problem of securing v.lilto Im-
lulgrnnts of the most dcslrablo class
waEcs must bo offered In older to ro
tntn tho l.tborerH then on tho planta
tions, and those who might afterwards
come Whllo tho Japanese laborers
were arriving In consldcinblo num
I'cis. Hawaii wus considered by them
Mieii'l; us n stepping stone to pats
on to the mainland, and they drew
with them miny of the Jap menu pre
vtously residing here. Stlch condl
lions erected also a feeling of unrest
among all laborers on tho pl.in'atltms,
and many of tho whlto laborers like-
wise followed the example ot tho
(AhlatlCH In booking to better their for Hawaii was n ory serious one.
condition by going to the mainland and groat tlimcultles wero oncountcr-
Tho rcdeial Immigration Act ofC(. Immediately upon Its organlia-
I Tchi inry, 1007, followed by the I'rcsl- Hon tho Hoaid undertook to ascertain
jtlenfs pioclamatloti or .Match, 19J7. from tho sugar planing Interests their
checked tho stream of Japanese to tho , requirements for European labors,
ILU.IS1, nut. iuu vmin"ji;in nun ueun particularly I'ortugucso, and the In-
given hid optjtiiiunuy ot jo.irnins tno ducoments they wore meimrcd to hold
This house on the high land? of the Vv'ninaku Plantation is one of the
homesteads offered by the plantation to European immigrants. .It is in
a healthful locality anJ m the midst of pleasant surroundings.
dluadvaut.iges of entire depedunctj up
on an iniEittled nonresident clat.s of
The Hoard tif Immigration was or
ganized primarily to piomoto tho set
tlement of a laboring class In Ha
waii especially from tho Azoro and
Mndclia Islands and from Southern
Under the Immlgi.illou laws of tho
United States It was, at the tlmo of
creation of tho Territorial Hoard ot
Immigration, unlawful for any peison,
out to Immigrants from the Azoic
and Madeira Islands. The rosponBi-s
to tho Board's request wcro prompt,
and tho Inducements offered wore
generous In their terms. Tho sugar
plantations applied In all for 1483
families of European laborers, offci
tug various terms and Inducements,
depending upon tho tenures under
which tho plantations held their lands.
An aero of land In feo simple was
offered to 400 families; an aero of
land In paid-up leases hearing from
20 to 40 jears was offered to 423 fam
ilies; an acre of land under surrender
of government leases was offered to
' 495 families; and plantations that
could offer no land at all under any
conditions applied for lCi families on
tho basis of an IncrcaBa of monthly
wago over that offered by thoso who
luteuded to give lands.
I Thoso plantations that proposed to
domlcllo their labor offered to glvo to
the Immigrant a houso and an acre
of land, In fee simple, paid-up lease,
or surrender of government lease,
and adopted n form of homestead
agreement which embodied nil of tho
terms and Inducements that they wero
prepared to offer, and tho covenants
nnd conditions which they expected
tho Immigrants to perform in order
to acquire their homes.
Jt wbb tho dcslro of tho Hoard of
Immigration, and of thoso who had
offered employment for Immigrants,
that only families should bo obtained,
even though this plan would neces
sarily Incrcaso tho expense of trans
portation of tho working members of
the families which would bo sent h;rc.
In all, tho Hoard of Immigration
brought Into tho country up to tho
27th of June. 1907. 1400 men. 114S
women and 2141 children, from tho
Axoro and Madeira Islands, nnd from
The plantations have dono all, and
In many instances moro than, they
promised to do along tho Hues' of set
tling these pooplo on the. Islands.
Many ot tho plantations had built tho
libuscs that were to bo permanently
occupied by tho Immigrants, and
slnco then havo dono much to make
them contcntod and satisfied. Quito
a number of tho Immigrants havo en
tered into tho homestead agreement,
whllo many soctned to prefer the ad
ditional wago without tho agreement.
Dut under all tho circumstances,
the first effort toward obtaining ami
domiciling whlto laborers on tho plan
tations must be considered a uciess.
About tho time that tho last ship
ment of thoso pooplo arrived, a con
struction was given to tho Federal
Immigration Law, which put a stop
to further efforts of tho Hoard' of Im
migration. At tho last session of
Congress, Hawaii's friends endeavored
to put through a bill which would
havo permitted tho Hoard to rcsuuiii
its operations, but without success.
At the present tlmo three lines of
activity havo suggested themselves.
Acting upon tho suggestion of the
Federal Uurcau of Immigration, tho
local Hoard of Immigration ja perfect
ing Its plans to endeavor to obtain
European laborers from Kills Island.
An office will be established the.ro In
charge of a man alive tothO'Sltuatlou.
and who having the opportunity of
personal Investigation will bb thor
oughly familiar with the local prob
lems involved, nnd who will know
3i .-. f j.vSSifj
PLANTATION LABORERS HOMESTEAD.
Ihe kind of laborer that would mako
u success hero. There are seemingly
great difficulties to surmount In this
undertaking, hut tho effort is being
undo In earnest anil no pointH arc
Should this fall, there mo twa
council left: Tho flrht Is to endeavor
to Influence Congressional action
nlong tho lines recently attempted.
The bill before tho Inst Cougiess met
with overwhelming defeat, but tho
opposition on tho part of homo was
principally duo to a lack of informa
tion, and It may bo that a moro favor
able consideration wilt be given to a
similar measurn at tho Dcccm'ior ses
sion of Congress.
Should this course prove futllo and
tho general Immigration luvV leiniila
ns It now stands, tho only other relief
Is through tho Hawaiian legislature.
Stntes and Tcrrltoilcs aro still per
mitted under tho Fudcinl law to solicit
Immigration nnd to pay tho trnuspoi
tatlon of Immigrants from public
funds. In our own Instance, no funds
for this purpose aro available, nor at
the present rate of taxation could nr.y
laigo amount Im appioprlntod for this
purpose. It would mean nn increase
of taxation, or n special tax upon tho
Thcro will bo no withdrawal from
tho policies first Inaugurated, and
every effoit will bo in.itlo to obtain
for till country n imputation of whllo
laborers who will settle on tho laud
nnd bultd up tho citizenship. Tho
plantations are In sjmp.ithy with this
movement and aiu backing It morally
HOMESTEAD ON 0 LAA PLANTATION.
This is a fair example of the houses furnished free to the home
steaders in connection with the European immigration movement. An
area of land for cultivation of household needs goes with the house.
F :l nr .i n 11111
LOVEJOY & CO.,
Importers and Dealers in
FINE WINES and LIQUORS
SPECIAL PRICES TO THE FLEET
UUE carry all the well-known and onl the
11 best quality ot American and European
WINES, LIQUORS and BEERS,
Agents for HREAM RYE WHISKEY, OLD
JAS.E. PEPPER WHISKEY, BARTLETr WATER
Give us a call. We can supnlvall Your
Wants in our line
902-904 NUUANU ST.
F. A.Schaef er & Co.
55 Merchant St., Honolulu
P.O. Box 187
CABLE ADDRESS: "SCHAEFERC0"
i .) "h-