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EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H.,.TUngDAY, JULY 21. 1908.
HAWASS FUTURE IN RUBBER
AND IT'S PRESENT PROGRESS
REPORT BY AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
wkt.- vpitiBfWBwTOjrCTw My-TW"?-
Tlio Fcrternl Kxpcflmcnt Stntlon Is
distributing coutoi of "llullelln No.
1G," It bclnc the report on tho "Co
nra ttublier Tree In Hawaii." by Di
rector Jarcd U. Smith and Assistant
Q. Q. Iirndfonl. The bulletin mnUej
n document of 30 pages filled with
Irformntlon and Illustrations that nro
very Interesting to the ncncral rend
er nnd Invaluable to ihoso Interested
In tho rubber Industry.
The final conclusions and comment
The tapping experiments thus far
undertaken, both on the Knual trees
nnd on various trees on Onhu nnd Ha
waii, complete records of which have
not been kc:t, Indicate that there Is
very wide variation In the amount
nnd quality of tho Intcx yielded by
Individual Fpcclracns. It Is there
fore believed that every tree In every
rubber plantation slu uld be tested to
determine the quality ind quantity
of latex before the ticc Is - years old.
When Individuals aro dlxcocrcd
which yield iin Inferior quality of
latex, or from which the Intox doe)
not freely flow, theio trco should bo
rooted out and their places filled
with cuttings fioni trees w.i.cli ap
pear to be of superior quality. In
malting there preliminary teats, it
inu't bo remembered that the flow
from ell rubborH"'trees Is poof o.i
bright lajs, on tho suhny sldo of thu
tree, and during the period of early
lcafago after the resting stage. Tim
trees should bo tested during the pe
riod of the day when tho flow of tho
latex is highest that ;s, between
midnight nnd S o'clock In tho morn
ing. Wrong conclusions might bo
drawn from testing later In tho day.
There seems to bo some'rclatU-i
between ntmosphorlc conditions an:
tho flow of Intcx. Just what It Is has
not as yet been determined.
Doublo tho nmount or rubber can
bo procured from any Coara trco by
trickling water containing amnmnii
over the tapping nrcu than by tup
ping without tho uso of water. Tho
U8o of wator will, It Is beltovcd,
cheapen tho cost of production rnth
cr than Incrrntto It. This method
lends Itaclf to rapidity of movement
on tho part of tho tappiJK Eang'i uu.:
almost absnlutoly cuts o.r- Iho pro
duction of scrap or waste rubber.
Tho gathering of scran rubber is
WE RETAIL AND SELL TO THE TRADE.
Opp. Elks' Building-.
more expensive than tnnntpulatlng
tho water ling, and while oho man
working alone could not tap ns many
trees using water n.1 no: using It, by
plnclng cloth wntcr bags on oath
tree, so tltit they can bo rapidly fill
ed each nsornlng beforu tapping, a
very Eatltfacto.-y system can bo
It Is believed (hat dally tappings
for a period of two to four weeks or
noro will j Hold much better results
than .tapping on nltcrnnto days or at
long'er lntciwils over n period of sev
oral month. In our preliminary ex
periments, dally tappings for a pe
riod of nluo dtts gave bettqr results
than tapping on nltcrnutc days for
double tho time, nnd the recovery of
tho tree was moro rapid.
Trees which wcro tapped cither
JiiBt before tho resting period or dur
ing tho time when bare of leaves did
not leaf out as'qulckl) as neighbor
ing trees which had not bocn tapped.
Young trees aro not so readily In
jured by too deep cutting ns old
trees. Tho wounds In young treos
heal very rapidly.
Amount of. Rubber Planted
My Jnnuary,"iaoa, 100,000 rubber
trees had benn planted In Hawaii,
upwards of 00 per cent, being Mani
hot gl.izlivli. Tho remainder aio
C2ttllloa cKistlcu and Hovea brasll
tcnsla In about equnl proportions.
There are now flvo large plantations
In operation, nnd rubber trees nro be
ing planted by many Independent
fnrmcrs and planters. Tho oldest
plantation Is ono of those at Nahtku.
A first tapping will be made on somn
if tho trees of this plantation during
t'lo summer of 190!!, or as soon as
they hnvo reached n circumference of
20 Inches, which Is considered to bo
tho smallest slzo nt which It is xnfo
or convenient to tap.
Tho whole tropical world Is enter
ing Into tho cultivation of rubber on
i wholesilo scale. Itubbcr is practi
cally tho only sttple crop tho supply
of which has nhvajH como from what
may ho called nntural muicca. Even
with the Increase In the number of
plantations during the last ten years
01 per cent of all of tho rubber o(
ommcrco Ins been procured by the
moat wnsteful and destructive mcth
odii from natural rubber forests. Tho
That's what we have
stood for; that's why
known as the
HOUSE OF STAPLES
' in Honolulu, as well as on
the Pacific Coast; the name'
of M. A. Gunst & Co., is a
Guarantee of Quality. Re
member That, when you buy
your Cigars and Tobacco, i
rubber gatherer has preceded tllo tax
collector In searching the unexplored
and unknown forests In the Interior
of South America and nl over he
African Continent. He has destroyed
forests nnd exterminated species In n
relentless effort to secure enormous
returns without the Investment jf
proportionate capital. Wherever tho
rubber collector has gone no other
need follow. i
The cause ot'thls frantic Hi-arch for
rubber-producing trees Is to 'be found
In the multitudinous uses to .which
tills valuable material may) be put.
Ueciufo of Its Increasing scope ot use
fulness the rubb'er consumers liavo
never been able to procure enough ot
the raw material to satisfy the year
ly demands, so that the end of every
decade has witnessed a marked In
crease In Its value.
Whllo It has been long rccognjicd
that certain species of rubhcr-tiroduc-
lug trees, notably the I'nra and 'As
sam rubbers (Hevca braslllcnsls and
Ileus clnstlca), wcro amenable to
cultivation, tropical planters have
only recently awakened to'the ehor
motis possibilities, ot a cultivated
product which In Its raw condition
commands n prlce.ot $3,00n'ii ton tit
more. There Is now Apparently, a
race among countries hailHg! lahils
nVatintilo tor rubber production to
tee which can get the largest acre
aro of. rubber trees Into bearing n
tho shortest tlmo. In order-to harvest
tho marvelous profits which seem al
most absolutely certain.
The present acreage of cultivated
rubber probably exceeds half a iiilj
I Hon acres, and ovory year sees hddl
Itlonal tens of thousands ot a'crya
planted. One of tho uncertain factors
has been tho time which must ellipse
between tho first Investment in laud,
seed, nnd plants and the realization
of the planters' golden dreams. Hun
dreds of rubber plantation companies
have been formed and floated In Eu
rope, tho United Btatos, Mexico. on;l
tlio East Indies, somo to opcrnto con
cessions containing rn'ous of wild
ttcos, others seeking in nil hastn to
plant as'lirgo an fecrcige as possible
of ono or tho other species of rubbet
Whllo tho Uses of rubber are ca
pable of almost Indefinite extension,
nnd while new purposes to which
Corner Fort and King Sts.
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OFFICER8 OF THE 1-LttT. Heading front left to rlsht."top row 1. Lieut -00111 llristrl 2, Iluglur on thr Conncrttput 3 1 lent Otim. Ynrnoll
Second Ilow 1. I.leut-Com. Fullenv.lder. 2. (center) Capt Osturhonicr Coniicrtlrut 3 I lent Smith Third Iiiv-
wrlght. Fourth Item 1 Surgeon Curtis. 2. Siiiguou Uausdull. 3. I.tvtit Wise I' -S. .M C I l.Iout. Stntou
this matorlal may be put nro dlscov -
ered every day, the very largo arena
which hnvo been and will bodantcd
will undoubtedly seriously affect
prcsont prices as boon nx Inigo areas
have commenced to bear. At tho
present cost of production and at tho
present market returns tho profits
are enormous. If prices fall to a
third ot thoso of thu present day,
plantations nlrcady In operation will
bo able to continue to pioduco rub
ber at n-profit -of nt least 100 per
cent. It will doubtc.is bo with rub
ber as It has been with nil other raw
products that thn cheapening ot
prlco will increase tho consumption.
The profits already obtained from tho
cultivation of rubber hnvo been re
sponsible for much pxtravngnnco in
management nnd operation. No nun
can predict nt what period thn fall 111
prices will begin, but It will prob-
rbly not bo for another ten yearn nt
least, and may not bo In twlco that
The best way to Keep up tho prlco
Is to prpduco only rubber ot tho beat
quality or of-iiK good quality as Is
compctlblb with nnrmnl rather than
extravagant nianngcmcnt. When
prices begin to go doun, tho planta
tions which will fhst feci It will bo
thoso in locations le.iht suitable, to
tho growth of rubber trees, or thco
which aro ovprcapltallzcd or misman
Tho Ccara, variety of rubiinr trco
grows in Hawaii better than In its
native habltilt. Tho nilldlty nnd
vigor of growth on our plantations la
remarkable 'Many trecH show n
growth of from 10 In in feci or moro
during a slnglo season, with girth
measurements in proportion, Whllo
tho trees on tho Hawaiian plantations
aro moro or less subject to fungus
diseases nnd Insect attacks, no spe
cially destructive disease nnd no in
soct pest peculiar to this plant Mono
has as pt gained entrance to this
Territory. Thn diseases aud pests
aro thoso affecting forest trees In
Tho methods of taping which this
station has developed nna tho pre
liminary oxporlments already matlo
Indicate that healthy nrcrngo trees of
tho Ceara vnrlety, which hnvo at
tained u tumk diameter ot 0 to 8
Inches at 3 feet fiom tho giound,
will yield from C to 10 or more
l pounds of crudo rubber each per
num. As most of the Hawaiian pi
tntlons hnvo nindo their beginnings
on the prospect of securing 1 pound
ot rubber per trco per annum nt tho
end of flvo years, It is our sangulnu '
belief that tho cultivation ot rubber
trees of this Miilcty is on as suro nnd
firm a foundation in llnwnll as lu
any other part of thu world, l'ur
thcimore, tho Co.ira variety hccum
better adapted to Hawaiian climate,
tolls, and conditions than any oilier
rubber-producing trco which has as
et been introduced. Its extreme ra
pidity of growth and its adaptability
to widely varying conditions of soil
and climate. Its la) go yields, and its
caily maturity Indicate, that Its cul
tivation will he (he most advanta
Tho dlicolors ot tho Oulilgwr Cljlb
hnvo decided to pioscut joung Curtis
W. Hustaco, who t-nvo n bailor fiom
tho Kentucky from drowning at Wnl
kikl lata Sunday, with a nieilal, till:,
being the third liiitmiii-llfo which Hus-
tnco has facd An appllr itlnn will
also bo niado for a Carucgla medal.
1 1 ust ace's four biotbcru halo nil ono
or moro similar feats lo Ills cicdlt.
isn't brain work: it is brain
drudgery. It is work for cogs and
levers, not for the precious gray mat
tor that can be use for" thinking.
Step in our office and sec
The Universal Adding
It's the very latest, cheapest, and
BEST Adding Machine on the mar
HAWAIIAN OFFICE SPECIALTY
031 FORT STIIEET.
t !) Ilia it tor unutu,i
liirlU4 t-f ulctftttltn.ii
t ii ioiii tiuuiuroiiiH
'iiiiU. u Juil arlt
C-n1 r pots' con
rVuliJ It DiiriniUl
CUtfLtar iuul ou ir-jutr.
ItiiiK v.a.1. &n
The big fire in San Francisco proved conclusively1 that
money, spent upon a'poor safe or vault is worse than money
'th'rown away. ,, , ,
Many' priceless documents, were cremated in poorly
constructed safes, and many more were saved because they
were in modern,-honestly-made safes.
Safes and vault frents made by the Herring-Hall-Mar-vin
Safe Company came through the fire with a reputation
that doubled the demand for them.
They ari absolutely fire- aud burglar-proof.
H, Davies & Co.,
VV n MJHET
WALL, NICHOLS COMPANY, LTD
E3 hns lin uwrtfor nver 81X1 V E
1NO, with purlert ucco.- IT &
ri-miirra 4t-itiTr, i-,M,'l-lfVrt Er
PUU.III'4 IU yillUI'l JV,- ....
tho MUUl. ALU1Y& Bit ,pnni
Wlmlow's Boothlnff SymnsnJ liue
y.-i no nincr load, za uuu a uoiue.
Wing Wo Tai & Go.
941 NUUANU ST.
l.ni Inifc t.' Mtut. Wnln-
King Street, Ewa of Fishmarket.
DRY GOODS AND FURNISHING
GOODS of EVERY
y, ii. VfCiilULC
1 n '
V Hi r:i n
II, 3uw Leaner
i wiH jive ypu satisfaction.
m ! 2rt
m i . ' ""
3 PEE BOTTLE. I
g;C' 113 HOTEL ST. I
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