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EVENINO BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H., WiaJNKSIMY, JAN. 13, 1909. . ,
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I 25 Cents
Essay on Cats
When a man wants to make a wise remark, concerning a mining stock that he know nothing about, he says, "Another Wild Cat." A man reading one of my advertisements
the other day remarked, "Another D Wild Cat," meaning, I presume, "Another Dear Wild Cat." 1 know that all "wild cut" propositions arc dear at any price, and I wish ho
would not speak of my proposition in that cndear-in way,
II. II. Williams, the man who undertakes to embalm you after you are dead, owns a handsome cat of the Thomas variety, possessing marked intelligence. You go into
Mr. Williams' office and you say to his cat: "Tommy, shake hands," and Tommy will gravelyput out his paw to be shaken. Then yon say, "Tommy, shall I buy MAYFLOWEJt
Stock today!" and Tommy will say "M-e-o-w," which, I presume, means Yes. At least Tommy knows just as much about Mayflower as the man who calls it a "wild cat" without
giving it a particle of investigation. I repeat, Mayflower is a legitimate proposition. It's a mine. BUY "MAYFLOWER" STOCK. BUY IT NOW I When I first came to Ho
nolulu, Mr. Williams, riding by in his automobile, was pointed out to me as a "wealthy planter." Do not think I am trying to advertise his business. He is a good friend of mine,
but I like to see his business dull and quiet. Of course I would just as soon Williams would plant me under a Kukui tree, when my time comes, as any other man in his line. He
is bound to get us all sooner or later. May it be later, and "Mayflowers" bloom (and pay dividends) for many decades, ere he gets any of us. Sclah! which is scripture for Seel
In conclusion I want you to cat-ch on to these facts: The Mayflower Mine is in the -Nevada City.Qrass Valley mining district, Nevada Co., Cal. This district is said to con
tain more rich quartz veins than any similar area in the known world. It is so richly mineralized that the U. S. Government Geological Survey have published a Special Folio
of this District. I can show you a cony of the Folio at my office.' The Mayflower ground has eight quartz veins. In addition it has a rich gravel channel. It has a modern twenty-stamp
mill. It owns its own water power. It has two miles of underground development. Tho North Star is down a mile. We need raonev to go down to greater depths.
Our stock is a good buy at 25 cents per share. Don't procrastinate. Take on a block-today. Don't wait till by and by. BUY "MAYFLOWER" STOCK. BUY IT NOW!
M. IVAN DOW,
Fiscal Agent Mayflower Mine
George M. Shaw,
Agent, Hilo, Hawaii
Suite 51 & 52 Alexander Young Bid
Call, Write or Phone lor a Prospectus
Buy It Now
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GOVERNOR TALKS ON LANDS AND EXPENSES
SENATOR FORAKER EVIDENTLY SURPRISED AT LARGE AMOUNT
HAWAII PAYS TO FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH
CUSTOM HOUSE TAXES. BONDING, AND
(Continued from Tuesday)
Govornor Krcnr I enn glvo jou
names; I could not glvo you nrca.
Tlio Campbell cstato owns 00,000
acres. Mr. Aubrey Robinson tiwnn
nn enllie Uland: I would not want to
B.iy Just what tho area 1b, but over
60.0U0 acres. Mr. Charles (lay owns
an cntlro Island of about 100,000
acres. Mr. Samuel Norrls own a
tract of 184,000 ncreB. A firm
known as (lay & Robinson owns a
largo area; I could not stato what
tho area Is. Mr. II. I. llaldwln Is
another owner of largo areiVj. Cer
tain corporations own largo aroaB.
tlie llalcaKnla Hunch Company, for
Tho Chairman Wore ffinso largo
routes acquired slnc.0 annexation or
Governor Krear Almost entirely
Tho Chairman Ilasthero been
much acquisition of land In Hawaii
by Americans since annexation?
Oovernor Krear Not as much as
could lm desired. In 1800 a good
many Americans settled thoro.' They
went Into the colten Industry, whlcn
had a boom then, but It did not pun
out as was expected and many nf
them had to throw up tholr hold
ings. More rccontly we have,
through private enterprise and tho
work of tho fcdornl experiment sta
Hon, tho territorial bureau of agrl
culturo and forestry, tlio plantara'
expci Imeut station, and other means,
developed other Industries than su
jwr Industries that are moro suit
able to the Btnall proprietor, such ns
the production of pineapples, rubber,
sisal, tobacco, cotton, and so on, and
these are giving much promise of
bucccss In the settlement of lands li.
Ainorlcans, paitlculurly tho iiluuap
Tho Chairman Do you produce
tho sanio kind of cotton thoro that
wo produce In our.Southern Btntes?
Governor Krenr I think not. We
pi mluco the hen-Island cotton.
Tho Chairman The other Is lour;
Governor Krear That Industry Is
only just beginning this jcor. It has
not gono very far.
Tho Chairman Thero Is not a
great production of cotton there.
About how much coffee do jou pro
duce thero now?
Governor Krear It varies greatly.
I can not glvo It to you In pounds,
but In value It varies from perhaps
$ 1 r. o.dOO to $250,000 worth a year.
Tho Chairman And la that pro
duction Increasing since annexutloD,
Governor Krear It remains about
Tho ChalrmanH Is about Btanu
Governor Kronr Yes.
The Chairman As to sugar, how
much of that aro you producing now
ns compared with tho period pi lor tc
Goernor Krear This last crop,
which was 80,0110 tons Inrgcr than
any previous Top, was 520,000 Ions,
Tho Chnlimau That Is cane sugar
Govornor Krear Altogether.
Tho Chairman You havo no beet
Govornor Krear No beet sugar.
Tho Chairman Aro theso largo
estates devoted to sugar or colfco?
Governor Krear Somo of them, on
tho lower portions of tho land, par
ticularly; tho arnblo parts aro In
largo measure leased to others.
Small Farm Land
Tho Chairman What aro lands
that uro occupied thero by small far
mers If that la what you call them
worth on an nveruge? What aro
aerngo farm lands worth?
Governor Krear Thoy vary, but
rot Infrequently If they should be
nut up at auction and sold without
conditions of losldenco and cultlva
Hon thoy would bring $100 an aero
Tho Chairman You refer now to
these government lands?
Governor 1'rv.ir The government
Tho Chairman Ono.hundijo.), (pi
lars an acio? '
Govcrnor Krear Aud In some
ensos tho price would probably go up
to $200 on acre, whero tho lands aro
already cultivated in sugar cano or
Tlio Chairman And you have
moro thnn a million and a halt acres?
Governor Krear Yes; but only a
small portion of It Is of that value.
Only n small portion Is arable, and
much of that is worth not over $5u
an aero. Somo good nrublo land Is
worth only a fow dollars nn ncro, be
cause of tho expense of clearing It of
forest, or Its dlstnnco from good
The Chalrmnn I was going to ask
you about how much of that land is
Governor Krear There nr about
900,000 acres of It In forest, of
which 442,000 acres havo been set
aside for forest reservations, and it
In expected that other lands' will bo
set asldo for that purpose, so as to ag
gregalo 760,000 acres. Much of th-
other land Is too rocky or dry or pro
clpltous or high to bo cultivated.
Tho Chairman That Is a pretty
Governor Krear I wus going to
say that only about 70 per cent of
tho forest reservations uro public
lands. Tho rest aro prlvnto lands,
That being a subtropical country, wa.
ter Is all Important .and forests are
necessary to tnsuro a constant sup
ply, for without tho forosts tho water
would quickly run off, owing to tho
fact Hint tho watersheds arc short
nnd stoop. '
The Chairman What kind of tim
ber Is theio In tlioo forest reserva
Governor Krcni Mainly two kinds
of commercial valuo tho koa, which
esembles mahogany and Is a cabinet
wood, and tho ohla, which Is n very
hard wood' and is used principally
for railway ties. A contract wat
mado about a year ago for selling
two nnd a halt million tics of that
wood to the Santa Ko Railway,
Senator Kllnt Thoy havo com
monced to ship tics to tho Santa Fa
Govornor Krear Yes; thoy began
rcceutly, within the last month.
Receipts and Expenditures
The Chairman What hayc tho
revenues been amounting to annual
ly from government lands disposed ot
by tho Government?
Governor Krear It amounts to
$25,000 or $30,000 a year rrom sales
and about $125,000 n year from
Tho Chairman And you still huvo
an Imomo tax there?
The Chairman Are you financial
ly keeping up with your expendit
ures? i,,(lilvirnor Krear -No; wo' are not,
Klvo carB ago tho TWUrW'goljC)-
hind about $700,000, when a special
session of tho leglslaturo was called
to cut down expenses. They cut
down tho school teachers 20 per cent,
who wcro paid little enough anyway,
nnd so all around. This went on un
til tho last session of tho lcglidaturo,
when tho Territory had recoverod
and had accumulated a surplus ot
$313,000. Blnro then wo havo been
tunning behind. This last year out
expenditures exceeded our receipts
by $147,000 and by tho 1st ot next
Kcbriiary we will not havo a cent In
Tho Chairman Was that raiiBod
by an Increase In expenditures or u
falling oft of revenue?
Governor Krear No; simply tho
last leglslaturo restored tho expend
itures to whero thoy wcro four years
. Tho Chairman And ot course that
Inrrcaso of expenditures put you be
Governor Krear Yes.
Senator Kllnt Why was It neces
sary to make such a radical chnagc
In ono sesslop from n condition of
affairs whero you had n surplus to n
condition of affairs whero you had
such an enormous deficit?
Governor Krear Well, ono reason
why an incrcaso was deslrablo, If It
could bo afforded, wus because tho
appropriations had previously been
cut too much as a matter of neces
sity owing to lack of funds, Thero
was also another reason. Tho legls
laturo there docs not always hold It
self down to tho estimated revenues.
It has for years been in the' habit ot
appropriating considerably more than
tho estimated revenues, with the ro-
suit that the executive Is obliged t"
select between appropriations ns to
what shall be spent. Hut In tho case
of salaries tho executlvo can not cut
down. When It comes to other ex
penses we cut what wo can,
Tho Chairman Can the Oovernor
veto an Item In an appropriation bill
and let tho hill stand?
Governor Krear He ran veto spe
cific Items. Hut nn Item to which ho
objects can bo passed over his veto
by a two-thirds vote.
Tho Chairman All your customs
receipts aro paid Into tho United
Governor Kreur Yes. .
Tho Chairman What "do thoy
Govornor Krear Last year thoy
amounted to $1,550,000.
Tariff Duties Collected
Tho Chairman I refer now to tar
iff duties on Importations Into Ha
waii. Governor Krear Yes.
The Chairman Thoy nmntinted to
Governor Krear Lust year thoy
amounted to over a million and a half
dollars. That Is besides Internal rov
cnuc. For the eight years under ter
ritorial government tho customs re
ceipts havn amounted to ten and a
quarter million dollars. -.
The Chairman That havo been
paid here Into our Treasury?
Governor Krear Paid Into the
United States Treasury.
The Chairman In addition to tho
Internal revenue that has been col
lected? Governor Krear Yr3,
Tho Chairman WJiut do the In
Internal revenuo receipts amount to?
Govornor Krear They have var
ied. At present I think they amount
to about $50,000 a year. While tho
stamp duty was In force they amount
ed to perhaps $100,000 a, year.
Tho Chairman Is tho Internal
revenue tar chiefly on tobacco?
Governor Krear Not very much
on tobaccp, hecauso very little Is
raised there, but on llnuor distilling
and selling In tho Territory, and
various special taxes.
Tho Chairman Is there much liq
uor business thero?
Governor Krear Thero was until
recently, btt under tho new act It
hits been grently reduced.
The Chairman How do you rcgu
lato the tfafOc In Intoxicating liq
Governor Krear A board of com
missioners of five members Is appoint
id by thn governor, with" tho consent
of tho senate, for each county. This
board has very wide discretionary
authority 'In tho mutter of granting
licenses. They decide, for Instance,
how many saloons a place ought to
havo, or whether It has enough sa
loons, and wlicthcr thoy should bo
merely places 'for tho saio ot Ijquor
not lo bo" drunk on the premises or
whether thoy sfiould bo ordinary sa
loons, and so on.
Tho Chalrmnn So you havo p. li
cense system, tl do 'not enro about
Govornor Krear Yes; a hlgh-ll-censo
Tho Chairman l(ow much?
Governor Krear According to tho
class of business It 1b from $250 to
Tlio Chairman I Infer from your
remarks that tho prohibition wave
has not reached you yet.
Govornor Krear No; but thoro
has boon somo agitation ot tho ques
tion of local option.
Land Laws Aeain
Tho Chairman Is there anything
further you want to say nbout tho
tcr has been given n great deal ot
study, not only by myself but by oth
ers In Hawaii, Including a commis
sion appointed by me to look Into tho
wholo question, and it has been gono
over also by persons familiar with
tho'land laws In tho United Slates.
The Chairman Has it been scru
tinized by our Interior Department?
Govornor Krear Yes; by tho Sec
retary of the Interior and also by the
Director of tho Reclamation Service.
The Chairman Mr. Garfield was
In Hawaii during tho last summer?
Governor Krear Yes; last June.
Mr. Newell, the Director of thn Rec
lamation Service, was thero for two
The Chairman And both of them
looked Into this matter?
Governor Krear Yes; both hava
gone through the entire bill and ap
Tho Chairman I have not had a
chance to read tho bill. Is (here any
thing you want to tell us about In
addition to the provision nffcctlng
your land laws? Is there anything
that jou think wo will need to have
explained to us?
Govornor Krear Thero Is ono sec
tion hero In regard to bonds, section
3, amending the portion of tho or
ganic act limiting tho bonded In
debtedness of the Territory nnd lit.
political subdivisions. This docs nut
ultcr tho amount of tho indebtedness
that may bo Incurred cither In nn
ono ) car or In tho aggregate, but It
Is amended chiefly In two rospocts.
Klrst, it makes tho, bonds payable In
not moro than thirty years, instead
nf making them as at present re
deemable In not moro than live anu
payablo in not more than fifteen
years. This Is In order to glvo tho
leglslaturo greater latitude, nnd H
made on tho advice ot counsel In New
York with a view to enabling us ti
dispose of our bonds to better ad
vantage, the Idea being that wo may
find It best to mako tho bonds pay
able In Installments, so many In ono
year, so mnny In two years, and so
on, thus Insuring tho payment, In
stead ot leaving them until they u!
become duo nnd then perhaps refunding.
The other amendment Is to en
able The Chairman If ou ran tell us,
whatsis tho bonded Indebtedness ot
tho Territory now?
Govornor Krear A little under
1,000,000, and tho rata per cout va
ries from 3 1-2 to 4 1-2.
Tho Chairman Havo you had any
provision a to jour land laws? Sec-1 difficulty in soiling tho bonds so far?
tlou 5 contains tho Important provi
sion you spoke of.
Governor 1-Year Yes.
The Chairman It Is In the form
you would like (o hnvu it pittspd?
Governor .Krear Yen! Thin mat-
Governor Krear Tho last bonds.
bearing 3 1-2 per cent, wero sold at
08.15. Wo lmve sold each Issue to
better advantage than the previous
lf&UO. SI. 3
Another amendment Is to permit
the counties In Issuo bonds without
necessarily having tho power of tax
ation. At present all tho laxos nro
collected by tho Territory, nnd then,
under .legislative action, certalu por
tions of them aro turned over to tho
counties, thus having simply ono set
of machjnery for tho nstcsBtncnt and
collection of taxes. County govern
ment Is comparatively now, nnd It l'i
thought by many that the time has
not quite come to turn tho matter of
taxation over to tho counties.
Somo of the counties nro very nnx-
ious to Issue small amounts of bondJ
for much-needed public Improve
ments, particularly for making belt
lines of road around the Islnnd. Un
less this amendment Is passed, either
they can not Issue the bonds, as held
by the territorial supremo court re
cently, or cite tho leglslaturo will feci
It necessary lo glvo them tho power
of taxation, which Is regarded by
many ns Inadvisable at present. Thn
Idea Is to enlarge the powers of local
government gradually and only as ra
pidly as seems best.
Senator Wornor What lire tho
limitations on tho nmount tit bunds
to bo Issued by counties? '
Governor Irenr The amount to bo
Issued In any ono year must not ex
ceed 1 per cent ot tho nsscsscd vnlua
of tho property, nnd tho nggregatn
for tho Territory can not exceed 7
per cent ot tho assessed vnluo of thn
Sountor Warner Of tho assessed
vnluo of tho property in the coun- '
Governor Krear In tho Territory.
The nggrcgato for nny county cnu not
exceed 3 per cent of the assessed val
uo In tho county.
Tho Chairman Which would bo In
addition to tho 7 per cent for tbc
Governor Krcnr Yes.
The Chairman So Hint the total
bonded Indebtedness would nol ox
ceed 10 per cent of tho vuluntltm of
tho property for purposes of tnxj-
Governor Krear Yos.
The ChalrrnVn That Is the llml
tntlon you aro under now?
Oovernor Krenr And It remains
tho same. That Is not altered in tin
Tho Chairman This simply given
n political subdivision, thn county,
It you call It (hat, a right to Issuo
Govornor Krear Yes.
Tho Chairman- Up to 3 per cent.
Governor Krear Yes.
The Chairman Is thero anything
olso ou want In bring to our atten
tion? (To Qe Continued.)
3 BULLETIN ADS PAY
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