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BVENINO BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H-THURSDAY, FKD. IS, 1909.
AI1Y and WEEKLY Published bj BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
Af 120 King Street, Hoaolulu, Territory of Hawaii.
Baflj every day except Sunday. Weekly issued' on Tuesday ot tack week.
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESI.
Wallace R. Parrlnatcin, - Editor
SUBSCRIPTION BATES PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
'Per Month anwlie tn J3 $ 7H
Per Quarter inywhrrt In L' S. .. 3.i)(t
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I'er Year, postpaid, lord gn, . ... 13. oo
rerStiMontiH, S .no
r-'Yeir(inv.licrt UU.3 I.on
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CIBCULATION LARGEST OF ANY NEWPAPER PUBLISHED
r In tfie Territory of Hawaii.
r-j I Editorial Rooms, - 185
ei'lBusiness Office, - 256
v Entered at the Posloflite aUllonotulu
H.dtKl CUH MtftfT,
THURSDAY FEBRUARY 18. 1909
A splendid, well
equipped home in Pu
nahou Section of the
theicforc thutthls subject of ugi (cul
ture In tho public sdiools should liao
u plncc of first Import ttru-o In the He
imrlnicnt of l'ubllc Instruction nml
unions the leglshttnrd of the Tent
lory. TEACHER WRITES ON
SCHOOL AGE FOR
Our Itlg Ilrother Hill T.lft Intends
tn lose no time In getting to wmk on
tlic tail ft Job.
It nm ho Hint tin- Honorulile .Inn
llor of the Semite told Mct'nrtli)
V.a n npmoiT.it.
11111m ii ml resolutions full fiom the
hands of Alfonso like Bummer Khoper-
from a Illlo sky.
THE LAND COMMISSIONER.
In the list of niiixilutmcnts offcioil
llnvvtiii hns a weiiltb of oppiiitunlty
tlmt ttlioiilil attract Hie reinvestment
of vvenlth won fiom Its fertile fields.
Agriculture In the public school
linn the oiithuslnslle nppronl of
Hooitevolt, und lie Is no less u gient
mull heeauso ho Is so soon to retire
to private life.
llnnolulu will huvu ouu of the
largest crowds In Its history for Its
llornl I'nrmle. It hIioiiIiI ulso hu .o
a record-breaking list of entries for
The Clvlr lY-derntlon's nniiunl
meeting was niljoiiriieil for lack of n
quorum. How many constitute a
quorum In the Civic I'eil. three
men nml a bo ?
Governor lV-ar icmlmls the Legis
lature that the surplus of n previous
iidnilnlstrntlon wns Itunglnnr). The
work of the next sixty diis shoubl
be buiIi as to ctente one that Is ie.il.
I the Governor there Is nnno more
. .. .. , .., i..-.. ..t
,, important man inu vyuiiiiiiiiwiuiivi wi
l'ubllc Lnmls. Elllclency of the ser
vice calls for the confirmation of the
This Is piirllrulnrli true now Hint
the pnbllc laiiil ailniinlsti.itlon Is oc
cuii)lli(t the centei of the stage, nrlil
no much of the piogress of the Terri
tory ilepumN on good miiniigciiiciit.
The present Commissioner has had
tlio very dllllcult task of atrnightcn
Ing out land olllce aftnlrs. While oc.
milled with this he has been called
upon to miry out policies' of land st
tlemeut requiring extreme enre In or
der to piotect the Interests of nml sat
Itty the people at nil points. This
lias meant u tremendous nmount of
vvoik. hut It has glvim -Mr. Pratt a
detailed knowledge of the public
lands In the Territory which cannot
lie duplicated by nny man In the ser
vice or out of It.
Vitv likely the CommUsloner hns
made enemies He Is In a position to
make them. If he were corrupt, ho
cculd grant extraordinary favors, and
being an honest ottlccr, lie has gained
the enmity of those seeking special
The Commissioner hns been n Rood
n for tho people, lie should be rc
jined In olllce.
Trent Trust Co.,
The Fifth Legislature) of Hawaii
lias .in opportunity to show broad-!
niliideil statesmanship In dcnllng
with the ImuilKratlou question nml
the spceinl tax to meet t.he demands
of u growing American Hawaii.
Joseph Pulitzer's lotiiFe1 lu the cn
nnl scandal will be watched with deep
li'teiest A Rreal mauy people have
been mixlous to know the full detail
of Cromwell's connection with tho
! Piintiinn deal, and tho secret of liU
gient power In WnshlnKton.
Wo doubt Hint Hawaii will go be'
foro tho country with the iccord of
turning pupils under eight ears of
age out of sihool In order to save
money for teachers. This Tenltory
should stand h) Us hitherto unsullied
icpiitntlon for tree schools nod first
AGRICULTURE IN THE SCHOOLS.
Ilarrlng public olllcers from pi!
vuto practice Is n good theoretical
move. Wo may expect it to bo fol
lowed by tho cry that tho public of
fices do not pay n sulllclently high
wilary to secure tho bervlies of tho
best men. Then the proposal to ralso
fc&lnrlca will bo accompanied by hor
ilfk'il ho'wls directed at tax-eaters
mid Job-chabcrs, winding up with the
Invertebrate and un-American conclu.
blon that Hawaii can be successfully
Roverned only by commission or contract.
Isn't It Interesting to have tho old
guard tlijow all tho faults ot oxpenso
on tho County governments, when
the pattern of expense Would fit tho
cloth of income If tho unnecessary
Tenltorlul departments were turned
over to the local governments', where
they belong? And when It comes to
vasto of money by tho local govern
ments, is thero anything that can
, ccjiiul tho monumental follies nnd
Uhclebs expense of the Nuuanu dam
plnco It wns started? Furthermore,
tho Hist macadamized road to the
Foil, built by tho Ilc3t Government
on Dirih was also tho most expensive.
President GIlmoie'B nsiilratlon for
n $00,000. building for tho Colloc,o
of Iliivvail Is a very worthy ambition.
He should local I tlio fact that ninny
or the greatest Institutions tiavo gain
cil their high standard by doing tho
best possible lth what they hnvo.
Vlint tho Collego of Hawaii needs
flint Is students. And tho admlnls
tuition of the College should culti
vate what power It nlicady hns for
ndnptlng Itself to circumstances. Tho
Idea of loading the Institution with
u lot of material for which It hns no
Immediate use Is not half as practical
in lit least onq request madu by tho
Pilnclpal of tho McKluloy High
School nml scorned by tho College
There must bo not only n fill
ler scheme of public education,
but u new Mud of education
adapted to the real needs of tho
The country schools nre to bo
so redirected that they shall ed
ucute their pupils In terms of tho
dally life. Opportunities for train
ing toward the agricultural call
ings (Ho to bo multiplied and
made broadly effective.
This menus redoubled efforlu
for better countrj schools, and n
vastly Increased Interest In tha
welfare of country boys and Rlils
on the p.iit of those who pay the
b hool taxeJ. tMumtlOU I)'
means or agriculture Is to bn a
part of our tegular public school
work Special agilcultiilHl
schcola uro to bo organized. -President
Kooset elf a, Special Mes
sage to Congicss.
What better approval could tho
people of Hawaii have for tho pro
posed movement to devote more in
tention to agriculture in tho public
schools of this Territory?
President Roosevelt's special mos
sage to Coiiricss from which thlB ex
tinct is taken, tiansmltted to Con-
Rress tho rcpoit of tho special com
mltslon appointed to Investigate the
condition of farm life In America.
On tho mainland thero hns been n
steady movement nvvny from tho fnrhi.
The President believes this is duo to
causes that might bo overcome,
The vvorlc of tho commission points
that there nro three gieot und Imme
diate needs of country life.
I'lrst, effective cooperation among I
furmeis to put them on a level with
the organized Interests with which
thoy do business.
Second, a new kind of school in the
country, which shall teach the chil
dren as much outdoors as indoors, so
that they will prepare for country
life instead of, as now, 'for life in
Third, better means of communica
tion, Including good loads nnd n par
cel post, which tho country peoplij.
nro unanimously, und lightly, denian
In other words, tho host method of
Improving tho Ufo of tho men und
women who llvo by ngrlculturo Is to
cducato the children In tho pmsulta
thnt will adapt them to their sur-
It Is ciulto interesting that pub'ic
sentiment should bo developing along
tbeso lines lu Hawaii coincident will
tho Investigations that have been ca:
lied on wllh special lefeienco to tin
The conclusion of tho President-!!
Ic in .i t Commission Is logical and the
wonder Is that no one hns onld sci be
fore. How can you expect tho children
to look with favor on fanning iff" It
they through lack of ediicufloti, cotno
to believe that agriculture Is not nr.
Industry that calls Tor the exerel.v
Muliilnndcrs, on account of the de
Ili'tpienclcs of the public schools,
think of practical agriculture or
fanning as 111 for two extreme,. lit
humanity-the highly educated spe
cialist and tho horny-handed, woodeu-
htnded drudge known as the "labor
Inimedliitcly II was proposed In
Hawaii that uKrlcultim' be Uioro gen
erally tatiRht In tho schools practi
cal agriculture that would equip tho
beys and girls to earn a better living
lit nn agricultural country Just m
quickly did n cry go up, ."You nro
trying to make laborem, coolie labor,
ers, of our children."
Kvery great movement Is inlsun
dei stood, and the thought that agri
cultural labor may bo nnd must bo
lilted out of tho class of drudRory U
Impossible to boiiio and chimerical to
Not the children nlono hnvo to bo
educated In this matter.
President Hoosovelt, throuRh tho
commission ho appointed, has Blurted
a work tbat will not cud with tho
II. st report. Finding that tho public
schools need attention In Ibis connec
tion, the American peoplo will cvolvo
n bchenio of manual training In agri
culture iih perfect as tho manual
training In mechanics now so general
In the, city kchools.
Hawaii Is an' agricultural country
exclusively. Tho children now In tho
public schools must find employment
In agricultural pursuits of ono kind
How much moro Important Is It
l'dltor I v c n I n B It u 1 1 e 1 1 n :
Ihe Iden of Mr. W. O. Smith, the
Piesldeiit of tho Hawaiian Senntc
nnent the school ngo of children is nil
light In itself, but a fur better way
to arrange tlio matter, It appeals to
me, would be to exclude rigidly from
all grndo schools children over four
teen, or to compel a nominal fee from
them und High School pupils.
As matters stand, tho grades fiom
the fifth up nre ciowdcd With grown
men and women.
If they knew they would bo obliged
to leave at fouitceti, mole rent work
would be accomplished In tho grades
by children under that ugc, and If
those over fifteen and In tho High
School wero compelled to pay tui
tion, they -would appreciate their prlv
lieges' as thcy-do not now.
Incidentally this measure would
have vastly more Inllucnco on school
discipline than all the ''school cities"
It tuny bo urged that theso men
and women would be denied tho
right or higher development, but I do
not seo It so. Anyone worth devel
oping will develop nuyhow, nnd tho
more ho has to contend against the
stronger will bo tho developed char
acter. Furthermore, tho "while
shlrtcd" horde! complained of by Mr.
Damon Would be lessened und tho
necessity of constant Importations by
the Planters' Association would cense.
People whoso proper development
incut would bo thnt they should bo
would bo that they shoul 1 ho
not bo crowding out real education
with half-educated boitibasts, such ns
now crowd our political arenas and
As n rule, the parents ot tho chll
dicn In the schools nro not heavy tax
payers, and tho burden for their edu
cation fulls on those who arc. Hav
ing been educated, lu u way, at pub
lic expense, they turn about and
claim their "superior education"
should be recognized by making them
the receivers of all public salaries,
and so, fiom birth to the grave, they
seem (o bo simply the leclplcuts ot
public charity, for their work Is of a
sodden, sloppy nature, nnd u i cully
well-educated person could accom
plish more than any half-dozen of
these slip-shod clerks. In no pilvnte
olllce where tho manager expects to
do real buslnesH do J on find this clasi
Honolulu, Feb. 10, '09.
GOOD WORK WITH . .
BIG NAVAL QUNS
Washington, Feb. I. An Inciease
p buttle elllclency, the greatest et
made during any one ear, Is tho
rlory told by the scoies ot battleship
licet prnctli'e' In Manila bay This,
tio, nlthgugh conditions of practice,
lust fall were moro dlffleull than
heretoftne. The Improvement with
henry guns was over 100 per cent
grenter than that ot last year These
reels nre shown by the lecbrds or bat.
lie practice In Manila bay received
h Commander sihis, the luspcc.tur or
target practice, by whom Ihcy hnvo
been caiofully tabulated.
Tho nverago pcrcent.igo ot hltu
made by tho guns wns over fit) per
edit of the shots fired, nnd some ships
made 75 to 80 per rent, and the In
nensn In rapidity of hitting vvus con
siderably over 100 per cent.
Tho ranges at whlrli tho battle
ships fired wcio from (1000 to 90(10
nidv according to the power of
their guns, These ranges wero un
marked and the ships steamed on iv
Kiiirso nnd ut a speed ot which they
vvem not Informed until they opefied
a scaled envelope Just before going
on tho range. The depnitment also
mndo public Information iclatlvo to
tho comparative battle elllclency ot
bnttlo-shlps, cruisers and gunboats at
the aiituin target practice or 1908.
In tho standing or fleets, the com
mand or Admiral Sperry lends with u
murk or 29, wllh Admiral Swin
burne's Pacific licet next with n mink
The first squadron or Sperry's licet
leads with a mark of 32, with tho
first squadton of tho Pacific licet sec
inid with a marl; of 27. In tho mat
ter or divisions, the first division of
Spetry's licet lends with u mark of
3G, while the first' division or tho
Pacific licet Is second with a mark of
Following nre tho niniks of the
Hist five vessels competing for the
bntllc-shlp tiophy: Vermont (pen
limit winner), ",S,271; Minnesota,
t3,3r,.1; Pennsylvania, 48,018; Colo
rado. IIS, 917; New Jersey, 37.SI1.
In the vessels competing for tho
cruiser trophy the Galveston has u
maik of 25 nnd the Vorktown, star
ship, has a mark of 32. In the ves
sels competing for the gunboat tro
phy, the Wilmington Is the pennant
winner, with a mark or 37, nnd the
Yankton and Itnlnhow arc star ships,
wllh scores ol 33 and 32 respectively
WW s-s kM -i
Bulletin Business Olllce Phone 250.
Bulletin Editorial Room Phone 185,
Collego Hills: a $&500 proporty
Ilcach lot at ICanlawal, 100 ft.
fronlngc, area '1 aero
TO FREAR'S RECEPTION
3 LdO Everybody Invited
The leeeptlon to bo given by Gov
ernor Frc.ir at his residence next Mon
day afternoon, though tondetod spec
ially to tho members of tho Lcglsla
turo uS the riicsIb of honor, Is to the
public generally as well, and Governor
I'renr lids morning expressed tho do
Biro that the peoplo or tho city nnd Ter
ritory would attend. Ho Btnted that
ho was Bending out no Invitations' to
any except to tho legislators,, and
Ihoivforo ho did not wnnt mi) body; to
think that because no Invitation was
received, tlio general Invitation oxtelnl
ed through tho columns of tho now-spu-pern
was not ns hearty as though en
slaved on a caul.
Puupuco Tract. Untitling lot,
corner I?nst Manna Hoad nnd
Hillside Avo., 17,000 sq. ft....
.. Prlco S1000.
Knlmukl. 120,000 sq. ft., 8 lots,
cleared and fenced. .Prlco S2G0O
COR. FORT AND MERCHANT STS.
MILES OF SEA'BRIDGED BY ONE
Collection agency threatens to pro-
vent lliiiopeau trip of O. T. Hnnbury
Judge J. n. Harbor or Shasta cnun.
ty weds Miss Johunnu Krnst und they
go to lleddlng.
Ci edibility or Lieutenant Thomas
A Jonej' v.'ltnojs attacked by ser
geants ut rouit martial.
I'lederlck II. -Slgnor pleads guilty
to chin gc of forging mime of James
A Murray and asks piobntlou.
Stanford Undents plan to con
stiuct $50,000 clubhouse.
Citation for contempt of couit
ngnlust T. It. Ulekey dismissed by
jPfjty' X5vrr3 V? ? "
Many people arc re
luctant to beenn a sav
ings account till they
have ten or twenty dol
lars to spare.
The great majority
of our savings depos
its have small begin
nings. If everybody
waited till he saved
twenty dollars, many
who now have hun
dreds in our bank
would still be waiting
to save the first twen
ty. It's easy to save with
our small home bank.3.
We furnish them free.
Bank of Hawaii, Ltd.,
Judd bulldlnn, Fort and
Capital and Surplus
l i "T,N or TrT
Is of benefit as a deodorizer,
antiseptic cleansing agent and
preservative. Produces a beauti
ful polish. Absolutely free from
grit' and acid. Positively bene
ficial and deliciously fragrant.
Very convenient for the traveler.
In patent Sanitary Tin:
Benson, Smith & Co., Agents
OUR SUPPLIES OF
New Idea Patterns,
FOR FEBRUARY ARE NOW HERE.
EXPRESSED IN WATCHES.
, When you can find the ex
pression of your Personal
Taste and characteristics here
by a selection from our new
line of High-Grade Watches
for men and women.
The works are the best pro.
duced1 the cases are mar
vels of craftwork.
In our splendid assortment
there aro watches to please
your personal preference.
Call and look them over. It's
a pleasure to show them.
H. F. Wichman & Co.
The Loooultor Razor
ALWAYS READY; ALWAYS CUTS WELL.
Blades are detachable nnd inexpensive. The specially
hardened English steel KEEPS ITS EDGE.
THIS IS THE RAZOR YOU HAVE BEEN LOOKING
T. H. Davies & Co., Ltd.
THE ORIOINAL SltNGBR
Will Open MARCH 1ST at the old stand on King St.
Will make GOOD BREAD and FANCY CAKES.
Genuine Coffee Cakes a Specialty
Made by a 'German Baker
We will deliver the goods every day to all parts of
the City. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Give us a trial.
Max Hiemann - Manager
I Reduced Rates I
CONTINUOUS DRIVING $5 PER HOUR
SHOPPING AND CALLING $3 PER HOUR
SHORT RUNS, FROM 60o UPWARD
SPECIAL RATES for "Round-the-Island" nnd Long
Runs. Efficient Drivers. Best Cars, such as
STODDARD - DAYT0NS 7-SEATED
POPE - HARTFORDS 5-SEATED
Royal Hawaiian Garage,
GEO S. WELLS Manager.
HOTEL ST. PHONE 101.
We repair any mike of nutos. We employ the best
mechanics in the Islanl Server Bros.
Special attention given to tho care of Private Automo
biles. All Work Guaranteed. Prices Reasonable.
THE MULT1 SPEED SHUTTER
' H ' (EXPOSURES' TO 1-2000 SECOND)
Built on new principles, and mounted between lenses.
Applicable to the smallest practicable cameras, An all
round shutter for all-round work, the most efficient speed
shutter in use today.
The fault with the old iris diaphram shutters is that
the illumination is poor, and the result blurred; the old
focal plane makes sectionnl xposure necessary, resulting
When the speed of ,the focal plane is doubled, the band
of light that travels over the plate is only 1-2 as wide, and
any point is only one-half the time exposed, resultinn: in il
lumination only 1-4 as strons as bcfoie. The MULTI
SPEED SHUTTER causes the same amount of light to hit
the plate every time. There is vcrv little loss of density.
COME AND SEE SAMPLES OF ITS WORK IN OUR
WINDOWS. i.. -Ji.
Honolulu Photo Supply Co.,
Evening Bulletin 75c. Per Alonth
' '.rt''- ijuft vrT -in i " " " -ja- i.' ,,fr. iTijw. T"4iCan-"ThiMyiirf'
JOllMkMahktakmJM LzJiJim.'Mf(amkiu hi iklifl.iUMf.n. iAaiikdfc
tMudu. ftjiiiMtffixifrffarffl ftr-fr "ill
..w. m i.suHMiutiazLM, ... ' ftjfoft
iii n SHiiV-" t'--fc JjjS