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nVPNINO nm.LKTlN, HONOLULU. T 11., TUESDAY, MAHCII 2. 1909.
!:. rk. i vw.ifinf ii. i net. miuv
Promotes DigionlUtrf rfur'
Opium Morphine nor.MAicriL
nui Aijine.u -
Aptrfecl Remedy rorCtmp
lion. Sour StoKinch.Dwrrtwi
r Simile Sxfamttt
For Infanta and Children.
The Kind You Have
Always Bought J
r v ll
HOUSE AND SENATE
Conservation of Forests
Is Subject Of
Sw . Guar.intcul under ttviH4j4
Exuct Copy of Wrapper
THI OCNTAUN 0MPANV, NKW TB CfTT.
THE ORIGINAL SINGER
Will Open MARCH 1ST at the old stand on King St.
Will make GOOD BREAD and FANCY CAKES.
Genuine Coffee Cakes a Specialty
Made by a German Baker
We will deliver the Roods every day to all parts of
the City. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Give us a trial.
Max Hiemann - Manager
C O LLARS
CLVPECO SimUK QUAPTFH SIZCS
An Arrow Collar rightly chosen sets
right on your shirt, is becoming to
your face and fits your neck. - for J
CI.UMT, MAimnV K rOMI'AS'Y.Troj.N V
Tenth Day Afternoon Session.
Tor the fllst .Inio during the session
of tno'J the r .filler of tin Houso of
Ucpicsoiitnttvg contained n goodlv
number of ladles, tho occasion being
tlio Joint meeting of tlio HoiiBe nnd
St'imto f jr tlio discussion of the one's
Hon of the preservation iiml conserve
lion ,1 .Hie tmturnl resources of tho
Tfir.lory The Senator In nn Impos
ing, 'snuarc, unt In tho open Bpaco of,
t0 quiiilrnnsle of ilcBkB occupied i)J
members or the House.
Hcpiescntntlve Shingle ncted as
ch.iliman, the otherB In tho dais be
ing Governor Trcnr, V. O. Smith,
ludgo Dole. Forester II. S. Hosmcr
ami I)r Wilcox
(Iocrnor I're.ir wan tho first spenk
er He began with the statement Hint
of all the mnii liuporlatit nutters
nilslng from the enorgv of President
Hoorevolt tho one Hint ninny iieoplo
believe Is the most Important Is Hint
of the conservation anil development
of natuinl lesources. This movement
has Blown with wonderful rapidity
during the pnst few sears, tho chief
cause being the conviction Hint tho
transportation facilities of tho country
uro entirely Inadequate.
This belief gave rlso to tho appoint
ment by lloosevclt of tho Inland Wa
ter Wais Commission, to Investigate
tho matter of Inland water was.
This commission fotiud more than
tho fact that their couitlr Is far be
hind European countries In transport
rtlon They found that tho public
lands were becoming verv scarce, and
that the forest reserve being cut so
fast that It was iiccossnr) to do some.
thine, for them As u result of tho de
pletion of the forests, there was con-
stantlj lucre islns ilnniwr of great
floods, anil that the most fertile soils
weie helm: washed away
Tliw found the Iron nnd coal mines
weie being exhausted.
The found that both tho nation and
tho States were Interested In these
ptohletns, nnd they adlsed tho. I'rcsl
dent to call n lneetliiR to discuss these
questions. This meeting was called,
the conference of Ooxcrnors held In
Washington last May, a most won
derful meeting from which great re
suits weie obtained, Ono of these re
sults waB the decision that tho Presi
dent should appoint a permanent Con
senatlon Commission, nnd that tho
(;ocimr's should each appoint u con
servation commission to cooperate
with tho Natlonul' Commission,
Now another step has been taken,
a conference hold lust month, at which
all tho North American countries wcro
leprcBcntcd. And 1 hellco ha Is con
templating tho calling of a still great
er conference to take In tho whole
lleio we do not hno to concern our
pches with mineral resources. Hut
tho waters and forests must bo con
tcrxcil and developed Theso nro tho
esouices that wo fortunately possess.
Wo hae our water wajs nlreudy, for
wo are a group of Islands, nnd Con
i;r6ss Is developing our hnrbors.
Our nntural resources are chiefly
Hiofo of the soil and of tho foiest and
of the sea. Tho icspurrcs of tho sea
havo ro far received little attention.
Hut a bill (s now pending In Congress
to establish n fish hatchery for Ha
waii. It may bo that wo will want to
do something In Hint lino ourselves.
Wo want to do something for our
forests. Congress Is golug'to help us
In that, too.
Hut our great natural resources Is
the soil. To develop that wo must
have more roads.
And we have great stretches nf arid
lands, tho most vnhnhlc of nil lands
If we can get water on them Wo
must leclnlm these Innds Theic are
about 100,000 acres of arid lands that
wo can bring under cultivation, whlch)
Is now prnctlcall) useless. This will
bo tho best land, for It Is tho most
Hut It may be that In order to dovel-,
op these lands, wo shall hnvo to do
something In tho way of a hydro
graphic survey. Congress Is willing
to help Btntes and territories In the,
innlter or lodrogrnphlc survojB, ir
they are willing to help themselves.
There Is also need of scientific ex
periment nnd Investigation In the way
of now crops nnd new plants. Wo
want something for tho small pro
ducer llko the experiment stntlon from
which tho sugar planters profit to tho
extent of millions of dollars n car.
The general Government expects us
to do our part. Hawaii has generally
taken nn advanced position. Hut we
need to do more We need to spend
tho least mono) for the actual ma
chinery of government so that wo will
have more to put Into those other
A Pressing Problem.
Conservation Is ono of tho pleasing
problems of tho hour, said forester
llalph Hosmer. Hawaii Is peculiarly
dependent on ngrlculturc. We huvo n
wet and a dry Bide, llut tho rich man
Is not necessarily on tho wet stdo of
the Islands. Much of the land on tho
dry sldo Is capable of lcldlng largo
by Irrigation and somo of tho rich plan
tations nro on the dry side.
The Hawaiian forest Is admirably
adapted as a protcctlvo cover on tho
watersheds, the moss, fenn and shrubs
brakclng the force of tho water and
storing It up for dry seasons. Hut the
forest Is caslt) damaged by Are. That
lst why tho forest reserve has been
created. It Is probablo that theso re
serves will be extended to tnko In
about thrco quarters of a million acres.
Wherever there nro streams tho for
ests should bu protected.
Tho forest can also bo put to other
uses. Tho waste lands can bo niado to
grow trees which are not natlvo to Ha
waii, for commercial use. This should
lead to tho reforestation of theso
Without tho forests nn assurance of
water cannot bo maintained, and with
out water the lands cannot bo mado to
Tho csBentl.il need now 1b for n study
of tho forest bj competent men. Some
thing should bo done by this Legisla
ture to make this possible.
The Kona Forests.
J a red Smith was tho next speaker,
tnlklng on "Conservation of Natural
Ilesources ns Applied to Kona." Ho
described tho forests of Kona, n strip
over 50 tulles long and In places over
5 miles wide, Tho merchantable tim
ber ho estimated at about 160,000,000
board feet Unless good enro Is taken
of this property that belongs to tho
people of theso Islands, thcro Is dan
ger that It may bo destroved by flro.
Tho forests should bo presorved, es
peclnllj for tho purposo of conservjng
tho water Tho rainfall of tho region
Mr Smith estimated at about 100
Inches u scar This means about Hi,-
000,000,000 gallons of water for every
squnro mile. Tho amount that falls
every j ear In tho Konn forests Is about
400 bllllnn gallons of water. Yet no ef
fort Is now mado to conscrvo it. Not
ono tenth of ono per cent is conserved
by the plantations. It is a money prop
osition, a business proposition.
Jnrcd Smith reminded Ins hcnreis
that the country Is losing moro than
tho water. Without tho forests thcro
ensues destruction by flood. Kvcry
body had seen the sen reddened for
miles by tho toll washed off from tho
I'orests aB affecting rainfall was tho
subject of tho address of Judgo Dole
Bpcnklng of Kauai the Judgo said
that this island has never been ex
plored )et, but n beginning Is being
mado now to ascertain Its commercial
possibilities. The diminution of rain
fall with the vanishing of the forests
Is observable, said tho speaker Por
osis nllow tho showers to como down.
We have suffered almost as much us'
the United Stncs from tho destruction I
of forests, which began with tho intro
duction of wIM cnttlo by Vancouver.
1'coplo nro jet living who can romcm-i
her when tho land almost all tho way
from Honolulu to Walnlua was wood
ed, ami tho forests enmo far down the
slopes oh Halcnknla.
Hut to preserve forests It Is goner-1
nlly necessary to do so with some com
mercial object in view Congress does
n't caro to Bpcnd money for nothing.
If tho lorcsts do not conserve tho vvnt-
er, they might Just ns well be cut
Tho ones who would profit most
from the preservation of the forests
nro tho small land holders, tho natlvo
Ilawallans. These have suffered much
from tho droughts which on occasions
havo driven them from their homes. It
was a terrible hardship for tho pcoplo
of Squth Kona to hnvo to lenvo their
homes Inst yenr because their cattle
wcro starving to death.
Dr. Wilcox vvaa called tipqu to speak
on tho production, and marketing of
larm products. Ho said that many
things produced horo In small quantl
tics because thcro appears to bo no
market for them, could easily find a
market If tho proper stops wero tnken.
It Is necessary to let Ihu birjcrs know
Hint there Is somchlug to sell. If
there were no organization to market
sugnr, for Instance, it would bo Impoi
Blhlo to sell It. "If vou'vo got some
thing to sell, jou'vo got to mnko n
nolso ns If joji had something o sell
Tnko Bwcot potntocs, for Instance. Ten
times tho amount sold hero In Hono
lulu could bo sold ir tho dealers could
Dr. Wilcox suggested ns ono of tho
best wnjs of getting products beforo
tho people, cooperative marketing ns
sedations such ns hnvo In many In
stances proven so successful on tho
mainland. Ho believed this sjstcm
ought to bo put on Its feet nnd Bet go
ing by tho Territory, with tho Idea
that when it got well started, It should
bo taken dver by prlvato Individuals
Tho only way tho Binall man can bo
largo is to unite.
Tho way to get started Is to find
out tho kind and extent of things that
are needed right hero In Honolulu nnd
whero they can be obtained
California has taught tho whole
world R lesson that Is, that It pajs to
give attention to tho product before
It is sent to market. Hy doing this,
by proper packing and careful sorting
they havo been ablo to send their
peaches ull tho way across tho conti
nent and sell them In competition with
peaches raised 200 miles from market
and bent ho other men out.
W. O. Smith was called upon for
tho concluding remarks. Ho said that
tho meeting of Ilia. Conservation Com
mission, ho was very proud that Ha
waii had dono so much already in com
parison with what some of tho Stutcs
"Wo must havo pioilucts besides
sugar," ho said. "Whtlo we need
small truck products, wo must havo
other world's market products than
sugar, Tlio dny may como when it
will bo our salvation to havo somo
othor products thnn sugar,
Tho most Independent man in tho
world Is tho man who ownB his own
acres and raises his own living. Ho Is
a king, ho Is a sovereign, nnd can defy
anybody so long ns ho pajs his taxes
and his debts."
Big Mark -Down Sale
Begins Monday, March 1st .
' GREAT REDUCTIONS FOR TWO WEEKS
LADIES CORSET COVERS, $1.25 Now 75c a Pair
LADIES' CORSET COVERS, $1.00 Now GOo a pair
LADIES' CORSET COVERS, 75c Now 40c a pair
LADIES' CORSET COVERS, 40c Now 25c a pair
LADIES' CORSET COVERS, 25c Now 15c a pair
LADIES' VESTS, 10c '. Now 5o
WHITE COTTON, lOo a yd 13yards for $1.00
NEW FLANNELLETTE, 10 yards for 00c
DRESS BATISTE, 10c a yd Now 5o a yard
LACE CURTAINS, 75c a pr. Now 40c a pair
LACE CURTAINs, $1 a pair Now GOo a pair
A Large Assortment of LACE, RIBBONS, ETC., marked
Aftor tho Joint meeting of tho Houso
and Senate, tho Houso was called to
order nt 3: CO jestcrdny nfternoon by
tho Sponkcr to finish tho business of
A communication from tho clerk of
tho Sen at o wns read, stating that tho
Scnato had adopted tho Concurrent
resolution Introduced In the Houso do
nounclng government by commission
nnd Its advocates. Tho Senate, how
cvor, had amended tho resolution by
eliminating tho clauso providing tor
tho forwarding of copies to tho Presi
dent and tho Speaker at the House of
Representatives of tho United States.
DnuthlU moved that tho House con
cur in the amendment. Sheldon moved
It do not concur. Douthltt expressed
tho opinion that of theso copies wcro
forwarded, It would glvo undue prom
inence to tho matter nnd glvo tho gov
ernment nt Wnshlngton the Idea that
there Is so strong a movement on fool
for government by commission as to
make it nccesBnry for the Lcglslatuie
to adopt tho concurrent resolution.
Corrf-a moved to defer consideration
i tit II todny. This carried.
Kalclopu Introduced an administra
tion hill to nuthnrlze the deposit of
Territorial money In hanks of this Tcr
Caslro had a bunch of four bills
which ho introduced. Ono Is an Act to
amend Section 3161 of the Hovised
Tho second amends Section 141811 of
Chapter 102, Revised Laws, A third
is to amend tho laws relating to tho
circulation of commercial paper, nnd
the last amends section lf20, Itovised
Laws, rotating to stamp duty.
Alfonso Introduced a hill setting
asldo as a public ji'irk tho lamb nt
tho cornet of Pitman and Ponahawal
II. D. Ct, Waiwulolo, to nmcud Hie
luws relating 'to inheillnnro tax Fi
11, II. 72, Shingle, providing for n
Lunacy Commission Pollco and
II. II. 73, Concn, to provldo for tho
exemption of the family homestead
from forced sale Public Lands Committee.
W. 0. Peacock .& Co., Ltd.,
Chas. R. Frazier
Ihone 374. 122 King St.
M. A. Gunst fe Co.
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