Newspaper Page Text
( " " " - '-TgpTrwBpm
nVENINO nUU.ETIN, HONOLULU, T. II., SATURDAY, APRIL 24, 1009
One of the Handsomest
Runabouts in Town
This Car just received and on
exhibition at our Garage
FRANKLIN "G" RUNABOUT, WITH HAMPER AND SIN
OLE OR DOUBLE RUMBLE SEAT.
The Value of the Franklin
FRANKLIN "D" TOURIHO CAR, THE GREATEST OF
A New York dealer recently offered for sale 1.G0O tccond-hand machines ranging from 20 to 50 horse
power. The automobile lilted at ths highctt price was a 20 horsepower 100G Frinklfn a Type D. And he
Why do second-hand Franklins bring so much monct
Mainly became Franklins don't wear themselves out. They don't pound the roads like a. heavy,- half
spring machine. They don't shake themselves to pieces. They arc not cvcr-powcrcd.
They have no water-cooling system. That saves weight and trouble. And the air-cooled engine gets
more work out of the fuel. And th:rc is the saying of tires.
The operating and depreciation cost of the average heavy 5-pajsengcr, water-cooled machine is usual
ly 50 per cent, more than that of the Franklin Type D in some cases more.
gPVTTT T I ypr
FRANKLIN "D" TOURING CAR WITH TOP.
LIGHT WEIGHT AND EASY - RIDING QUALITIES
MAKE THIS CAR THE PEER OF ANY.
Did anybody ever know a Franklin to wear out ?
SEE THEM AT THE
HACKLETON'S STORY OF FARTHEST
'U' vU a u I
IN 'MIDST OF ICE
A . . TV
Cabled Report Sent to London Mail D iscovones of New Mountain
.' Chains Erebus Volcauo Explored Glacier Forty Miles
Wide Pony in Crevuis Southerly Gales.
Aurora Borealis to East
(From LIEUT. SHACKLETON to the
London Daily Alan)
HALF-MOON HAY, N ... Tuesday.
The Mini oil Aliunde Lxpedltlon left
the base nf operations nt Cape Hojd,
King Kdward VIII. Land. oirOcluber
Tlio following took part In thp fln
nl expedition over the lc after leav-
Ing the ship:
V Lieutenant Adams, U. N. It., meteorologist.
Uric Munsli:i!l, surgeon anil cuilug-
T Mr. Frank Wild.
y Lieutenant lirnest II Shnckleton.
Aj Tho most soulliuly point icachi-d
Kirns latitude 88 (leg. 2;: mill., longl-
'tilde cast 1C2 deg. la dUtiinio of 111
Sinlli-H from tliu polo Itself).
i Tlio Journey was very illinrult.
' After crossing sooral mountains
two" readied a plateau 10.UU0 feet
.high. Soveml new nioiintaln rnugos.
Tlio dlstuiiie traveled was 1708
statute miles and tho tlmu occupied
(was 12C days.
Magnetic Pole Found
;. In all, more than ltio new mmm-
Jtnln peaks were ill(.uvcn-il. Ilolli
ftliu equipment und tho food supplies
fluoved very satisfactory. Tho M.in-
ehurlnu ponies did as wall us was ex-
I Wo nil fe.lt t! - hardships of the
journey very severely.
Good roologlcnl discoveries wcro
niiido and Impoitaut sledge Journeys
were) undertaken west and noith.
Tho South Magnetic I'nlo win
reached 111 latitudo 72 cleg. 2S mln.,
lougltudo IS I deg.
jl lv. J. K. Davis, first mote, Mr. A.
Follies Muckny, assistant mirgenn,
nud Mr. Mursou made northwesterly
Sledgo Journeys lasting 122 dajs und
covering n distance of 1260 statute
miles. The winter was mild and tho
lowest temperature they encountered
was 10 deg. below zero Fahr.
The geological results of tho expe
dition are as Important as the zoological.
The Nlmrod encountered heavy
Mount Erebus, tho southernmost
volcano In tho world (13,000 fcc.t
high), was uscended for tho (list
On March G, 1303, Lieutenant Ad
ams. 11. N. It. (geologist), Sir Philip
llrocklehtirst (surveyor and map
maker). Professor David, of Sydney
University, Mr. A. Forbes Mackay,
assistant suigeon, Mr. Hrlc Marshall,
surcou nud cartographer, and Mr.
Marson (u scientist of Adelaide) left
Capo Hoyd to ascend Mount Krcbus,
tho great Antarctic volcano,
On tho morning March 7 they
cllniheil, with a Blcdge, to un altltudo
of 5500 feot.
Carrying their equipment on their
barks they reached, on the night of
March 7, an altltudo of 9500 feot,
Tho lenijieraturo wob CO degrees bo
low freezing point.
Then a tlplont blizzard raged for
thirty hours. Resuming the ascent'
on March 9 they reached the old cra
ter of the volcano at an altitude of
over 11,000 feet, Thoy explored tho
crater, and unique fumarolca (snioko
holes) wore found.
Tho old crater Is chiefly filled with
large felspar cr)staltf and punilco
and with sulphur.
Sir Philip llrocklotiurst had. both
feot badly frost-bitten, and one toe
was subsequently amputated.
Tlio summit was reached on March
10. The nctivo crater IsJialf a mllo
In diameter and SCO feet deep. Jt
was ejecting vast volumes of steam
and sulphurous gas to a height .of
200O feot; ilypsoroetcr readings wcrp
takoi at tho summit simultaneously
with tlioso from the base utaMon nt
Cape ItQjd. A geoogca) collection
was made and photographs were taken.
CgmmencInK tho descent on the
samo day Mnrjcli 10 thoy glissaded
by stages down DQ00 feet, reaching
their slcdgo dopot. Thoy reached.
Capo Ifoyd on March, 1), ufLcr the
NInirod had left for Nqw ,55qalaud.
During a large parjt of tho year
1908 wo finished the building of a,
hut and of stables or our Manchu-
riau ponies. Unfortunately we lost
In tho beginning of March tour po
nies, which, died from eating sand.
Lieutenant Adams commenced in
March systematic meteorological ob
servations, and studied wjth Profes
sor David the movoroent of the cur
rents of tho upper atmosphere, Indi
cated by the swaying of llio atoam
cloud on llio, summit of Mount Eie
bus. From October onwnnl to the
end of tho expedition mcteorologlcnl
records wore Jtcpt by Mr. Jns. Mur
ray and Mr. HoberU.
Mr. Murray" found abundant micro
scopic llfo rotifers (vegetable org
anisms) .etc. In the freshwater lakes
near Cape Jlojd. Tho rotifers wore
of remarkable vitality, living for
years In tho Ice of tho lakes. Ex
periments provo that they can on
duro very low and very high temper
atures and Immersion In very saline
Wo found tho ringed penguin at
Capo Hoyd. The chief .vegetation was
largo shoets of a fungus-llko plant In
tho lakes und many UcJicns, with a
few roossos. Sonwccds of two kinds
Mr. Marson made systematic rec
ords of all tho appearances of aurora
displays. These were exceedingly
brilliant throughout the winter, ap
pearing most freqdently In the east
ern sky and seldom in tho direction
of the magnetic pole.
The most striking form of tho-nu-roFa
was that of a parallel with drap
ed curtalnB extending n cross tho
heavens, sometimes stationary, and
sometimes moving rapidly ucross tho
Brilliance of the Sky 1 low temperatures, and wcro hold
Kncing cascades o( luminescence up lor seven days. Tho lowest teui-
trnvorsed tho length of tho he.nens pcruturo was 88 dcgiees of fiust.
with rcmnrkablo speed. 'Motorinir on the Ice
Observations on meteorological op- We found thu ll.inler surface Ini
tios and atmospheric electricity, with practicable for our motor-sledge, but
clicmtuil and physical studies In con- with tho Ariol-Jolmston molor did
nectlon with the freezing of the sea much useful work over the sen-lie.
surface and tho numerous lnl.bs In lujlng depots and covering dlstnuces
tho vicinity of Capo Hoyd, wcro made, aggregating over four hundred miles.
Detailed work wns dono on the mln- lu spile of teiupeatiireB arlng from
crnl occurrences and Ico in all its 4 to GO degree.) of fiost.
forms, lull photographic records be- Tho "Southern partj" Messrs.
Jng obtained. Mr. Raymond K. Priest- Adams, Marshall, Wild, ,11111! I with
ley, of llrlstol, found much fungoid (our ponies und n supporting partj
in tiie pcut-llke bottoms of tho Inkes .consisting of Sir Philip lliocklehiirst'.
on thp land behind Capo Hoyd, lie Messrs. .lojce, Marson, Armyingu,
also discovered n raised beach at an und l'rlestjey, left Qapo Ho)d 011 Oc-
altltudp of ISO feet near Cupo.toher 29, 190S.
Durjuc. Wo left Hut Tolnt on November 2
Mount Urebus wifs very nctivo in .with ninety-one dns' provisions. Wo
Juno, and on tho Hth of that month .weie "held up" on While Island 011
good moonlight photographs of tho .November 5 for four dnjs by a bllz-
oruptlon wcro obtained.
Professor David considers thot
most of the Antarctic borgs are- snow
bergs. Fossil rndlolnrln (microscopic
organisms) were found In tho glacial
boulders at Capo Royd.
Mr. Priestley assisted Mr. Murray
in marino dredging throughout the
winter. Ho and Sir Philip Hrockle
hurst Bank deep shafts In the lake
Ico for biological nud physical stud
ies. Sir Philip llrocklehurst kept
tho records of tho marine current In
dicator, and Mr. Mnckay erected ami
kept 11 llde-gaugc Mr. Arniytago
was In chnrgo of tho ponies nnd as
sisted tho geologists.
Mr. Marshall obtained good rec
ords of nnturul history with a cine
matograph. Mr. Marson was engaged lu paint
ing landscapes and the aurora.
The weather was for a tlino mild,
with n lowest temperature of 72 de
grees below freezing point,
zaid. Tho supporting party returned
on No ember 7.
Owing to tho bad light among the
Ico crevasses Mr. Adams mid a pony
were nearly lost.
On No ember 13 wo 1 cached the
depot laid out In September lu lati
tude 79 deg. 30 mln., longitude 1C8
We took on pony malio and piovl-
Blons previously left there, and com
menced reducing our dull) rations.
Wo travelled south along meridian
1C8 over a varying surfneo, high sas
trugl (ridges und mounds of snow)
alternating with soft snow. Tho po
nies 1. ten sank to their bellies.
- in latitudo Si deg. 4 mln. wo shot
the pony "Chinniuun," uuil made a
dopot of oiL biscuit, und pony-meat.
The reruuinder of tho pouy-meat wo
took on io eke out our dried rations.
On November 20 we leached tho
Discovery expedition's southernmost
. 1 .... ....
Wo commenced sledging ort August 'inimicie. mo mil rare was now ox
J2, Messrs. Armytujse. and PavJd t,remely soft, with Jnrgo undulations,
and I went to examine tho Great Ico, Tho ponies woro attacked by suow
jlarrlor surface. Wo encountered blindness. On November 28 tho
of p.ony "Orlsl" w;is shot. Wo niiido a
depot hi latitude 82 deg. 45 mln., lon
gitude 170 deg. On November 20
tho pony "Q111111" was shot.
btecilng south nud southeast, wo
woio now approaching n high mngo
low tempcruturcs of 89 dcgiees
Returning jto Capo Ttpyd on Sep
tember 19 MessrB. !Adams, Jojce,
Marshnll, Marson, Wild, qud 1 left
ogaln on September 22 to lay 11 de
pot for the southern Journoy. We of new mountains trending to llio
returned on October 13, after pine-! southeast. On December 2 wo found
llig 11 depot 12! Htutuo miles r-outh the Harrier Inlluqncod by great press
or tho Discovery's winter quartets', uro and the ridges of snow and Ico
We experienced bad blizzards und turned Into luud.
Wo llsuicied n ghuler 120 iuIIim
long mid nppioxliualcly forty miles
wide iiitiulug In it south and'Fouth
On December 5 wo started to as
"ciid tho glacier, ut latitude 83 dog.
33 mln., lougltudo 172 deg.
Tho glacier was badly "cicvin-sod"
as the lesult of lingo piessuie. On
December G the surface was mi cro
ansed that It look 11 wholo day to
light our v.-ny 000 yards.
On December 7 the pony "Socl.s."
breaking thiough a snow-lid, disap
peared In a crevasse of unknown
depth. Tlio swlngle-treo Biuipplug,
wo miu'd Mr. Wild and tho Blcdge,
which wns damaged.
Tho pin tj- was now hauling a
weight of 'J HO pounds per num.
Tho cloudj dlsappenilng on Decem
ber 8, wo discovered now mountain
ranges trending south nnd southwest.
Moving up tho glacier over ticach
crous snow coveting crevasses, wo
frequently foil thiough, and wcro
b.ivcil by our harness and pulled out
with an Alpine lope. Tho second
sledgo was badly damaged hy tho
Similar conditions obtained 011 our
way up tho glacier fiom December C
to December fS, when wo reuched nn
altltudo of GS00 feet.
In latitudo &G deg. 10 mill, 3 tec.
we nmdo n depot and left everything
theio but our food, Instruments, und
camp equipment, and reduced our
rations to twenty ounces pur man
On December 20 wo reached n pla
teau after ciiHslug Icofulhi at 1111 altl
tudo of 9Q0Q feel, tlnjneo gradually
ilslnc In lone ridges to IO.PiOO feet..
Finishing 1 clay work, wo'ilUrnnlcd
mir second eledge. Thoro wns a ion
atant southerly bllzard of wind and
ililftlug snow, with thn temperature
ranging from 37 degrees to i0 du'
grees of frost. On Docember 2i we
lost Bight of the now mountains. ,
Finding the party weakening fiom
tho effects of the shortage of food
tho raiefled nlr, and tho told, 1 do
elded to risk making n depot on the
plateau. On .Inngury 4 wo proceed
ed with 0110 tent, utilizing tho polos
of tho fcecond tent for guiding marks
for our return.
Union Jack Hoistr-d
The Miifmo became soft nnd tlio
blizzard conllnued. Fur sixty hours,
during January 7, S, and 9, the bll.
said raged, with 72 degrees of flint
ami tho wind blowing ut seventy
miles un hour.
IU was luipo'jslblo to move. Tho
members of the patty were frequent
ly finst-hlttcn In their slccplng-bugs.
On J miliary 9 wo loft enmp mid
reached latitudo SS deg. 22 mln., lon
gitude 1C2 cast. This Is the u,o3t,
noittliorly point ever reached.
Hero wo hoisted tho Union Jack
prcLcntcd to uu by Her Majesty tho
No mountains were visible. Wo
saw now a plnlu stretching to tho
Wo returned to pM; up our depot
on tho plateau, guided by our out-
wnid tracks, for llio Hags attached to
tho tcntpoles had been blown away.
Less violent blizzards, blowing nt our
backs, helped us to travel twenty to
twenty-nlno miles dnlly. Wo reach
ed tho upper glaclor depot on Janu
Tho snow had been blown from
the glacier surface, leaving slippery
bl.uejce. Tho descent was slow win Is
In the heavy gale. The sledge was
loweicd by stages by IJ10 Alpine, rope.
Site of' the Polo
On the morning of Jnnuary 2fi our
food was finished. It was slow go
ing. Sixteen miles woio covered In
11 twenty-two horns' march. Tho
biiow wua two feet deep, concealing
Wo leached the lower glacier do
pot In latitude 83 deg, IS mln. on
the. nflQi-nopu of January 27. Tlieio
we obtained food, and, proceeding,
leached tho "Orlsl depot" (named af
ter tho dead pony) on Februmy 2.
Thero was no food remaining.
Wild wao Buffering fiom dysentery,
tho electa of Horse-meat. On Febru
ary 4 tho until 0 party Wns proslrato
wllli dysentery and iinablo to uiovo.
Tho dysentery continued for eight
I days but, helped hy strong iuut!icily
blizzards, wb reached "Chinaman do
pot" on February 13, Food had
again run out.
, llllzzurils continued, with CO deg.
of frost. Wp dlsciiidrvl everything
except our (amp outfit and geological
specimens, and on Feluuary 20 loacb
ed the next depot, nil our food belnc
Helped by n southerly bllrzaid,
which was ricconip.iuled by f.7 degreis
(Continued on Page 11)
MiWMii'"iffl'ii'' Mi'WiwniPii'Hn,iminiiii ni
?&.. ' 'nrt'ji!'iWiig