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0VCNINU BUlJJfTm,HOMOl.01.C.'Tr"H., WEDNESDAY. MAIt. 16, 1910.'
- 4 AJti.- aJ
t- t fc ?
Specials for '
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday
Money-Saving Items of Importance
BORDEAUX LINEN For Sklrti and Soiti; White,
Navy, Cadet and Tan; 20c. quality, special
12'2c. a yard
ALBATROSS All wool, double width; Black, White
and leading color; 65c. quality, special
.i 50c. a yard
PILLOW LINEN 42 and 45 inches wide; 75c. qual
ity, special 60c. a yard
LADIES' WHITE COTTON HOSE AU openwork or
lace ankle; 35c. quality, special 20o. a pair
COTTON HUCKABACK TOWELINO-Bpecial. .5o. a yard
FARWELL COTTON Yard wide, soft finish: special
i 10c. a yard
SACHS' DRY GOODS CO.
Corner Fort and Beretania Streets Opposite Sire Station
RATand ROACH Paste
the guaranteed exterminator for rats,mictf,cock
roaches, waterbugs, etc. -Money back if it fails.
For 30 yaw tha only guaranteed xttrmlnatori read for tmmwHaU use.
2 oi. box fSc 16 01. box Sl.00
' Sold by dealers everywhere,
. tTCARNt' ELECTRIC PASTE CO. - CHICAGO, ILL.
From the Lamb's Back to Yours
' Made from your own measurements into
a Perfect-Fitting Suit, which will give
Jy ai. r i: ixr-.il
you xne appearance 01 uemg
Geo. A Martin,
'- . --
Every Bar Sells It
THE BEER THAT
SUITS THE PEOPLE
Everybody Drinks It
Tailor, Hotel, St.
SPEECH JIN LIQUOR
(Continued from Tate ;1)
Senator Piles. By whom are the
numbers of the boards appointed?
Mr. McCiellnn. They are appoint
ed by tho Governor.
Now, I wanto take up the ques
tion ot the character and the work
ot the Hawaiian Legislature, because
that' Is directly Involved In this
question. Ib the Legislature of the
Territory ot Hawaii capable ot leg
islating Intelligently for "the com
munity or Is It, In. fact, dominated
by tho liquor Interests to a predom
Inatlng extent, as Is claimed by the
proponents ot this bill! I call your
attention, gentlemen, to these tacts
with regard to the Legislature:
First, that slnco annexation the
Legislature has passed, and has
shown Its capacity to legislate by
passing, satisfactory bills to estab
lish county and municipal govern
ment. In the second place and this Is
no small matter It has passed an
Income-tax law which has stood the
'test of the United States Supreme
Court, which Is a feat that has not
been achieved by a considerable
number ot States that have attempt
ed similar legislation.
The Chairman. Or by the Con
gress of the United States. (Laugh
Mr. McClellan. I would further
call your attention to the- fact that
the Legislature has carried on the
financial and fiscal affairs of the Ter
ritory In such a satisfactory way
that the bonds ot the Territory are
now Issued at 3 1-2 per cent, and
are eagerly sought by Eastern in
testors as one ot the stroaest and
most conservative Investments they
can make, Tlmt certainly would
not bo the caso it there was any Idea
that the Legislature of the Terri
tory ot Hawaii was of a "wild-cat"
or Irresponsible 'character. .
I hne already stated that the Leg
islature liaised this liquor law,
which has reduced the number ot
arrests for drunkenness by 10 per
cent., with an increasing population.
I would add, further, that the en
tire work of the Legislature has
shown a high degree of freedom from
any maugn influence ana from tne
criticism which has often been at
tached to Legislatures ot vey Im
portant States of the Union. r
In other words, gentlemen. I want
to say that the work ot tho Legisla
ture of the Territory ot Hawaii,
taken as a whole during the ten
years since annexation, has been ot
a very substantial, satisfactory and
I wish to call your attention to
this fact, in proof of what I have
said. During the last twenty-five
j ears there have been a number ot
cases In which laws passed by the
arlous Territorial Legislatures have
been distinctly and affirmatively re
pealed by the Congress because of
their undesirable character, but In
the case ot the Territory of Hawaii
no law passed since annexation has
ever been questioned by the Con
gress. I wish to call your atten
tion to the further fact that Con
gress, In the establishment ot the
Territory ot Hawaii, not only gave
us certain powers which were, broad
er than ever have been given to any
other Territorial organization, but
In two Instances since that time they
have extended and broadened those
powers of self-government, and tn
no case have they lessened them.
This is the first occasion on which
the charge has beep brought that
the Territory of Hawaii Is incapable
Mr. Woolley. I havo not made
such a charge. Nono of us has.
Mr. McClellan. The charge cer
tainly amounts to that. The defi
nite statement ot Mr. Woolley Is
that (the Territory Is incapable ol
satisfactory self-government with re
spect to liquor legislation.
Senator Piles. How Is your Leg
islature divided among tho nrftlves
and the white or foreign popula
Mr. McClellan. The membership
Of' tho Legislature, as a rule, has
had -a majority ot Hawailans.
Senator Piles. In both branches,
senate and house?
Mr. McClellan. Not always in the
Senate. I think the Anglo-Saxons
had a majority In, the last Benate,
did they, no tT '
Delegate Kalanlanaolo. Yes.
Mr, McClellan. Hut in the lower
,nouBe me Jiawanans nave had a
Mr. Dinwiddle., How many mem'
bers.are there 9 and IS?
- Mr. McClellan. There are 16
Lpiembers of the Senate and 30 mem
bers ot the House,
Senator files. Are the native
members ot the Legislature generally
property owners, or what kind of
people are they what character of
pooplo are they?
Mr, McClellan. The members of
the Legislature, as a rule, have been
a good average class of representa
tive citizens. In some cases they
have beon men of no very great
prominence, and in some cases men
without much property, but as a
rule they have been a fairly repre
sentative class of natives.
Senator Piles. Do you think they
would average up with the average
Legislature usually found in the
Mr,-McClellan. Their work would
indicate that, unquestionably.
Senator Fletcher. What do jou
consider the electoral vote? Have
you are returns to show the last
electoral vote? Do )Ou know how.
many electors, how many voters,
Mr. McClellan. There are approx
Senator Fletcher. And about how
many of those are natives? What
is the proportion?
Mr. McClellan. Approximately
Delegate Kalanlanaole. Yes.
"Mr. McClellan. Now, Mr. Chair
man, t want 'to come to this question
ot the implication that the Hawai
ian must be treated the same as the
Indian. ' 1 want to call your alien-'
tlon to the fact, gentlemen, that the
Indian has always been the ward ot
this Government; that the Indian In
no case has ever had any such thing
as a' form of .civilized government
under a constitution, or 1 govern
ment In the civilized sense at all.
The Hawailans, on the contrary,
had their own government, and they,
carried it on in such a way thai
when the Organic Act was, under
consideration and the debate was oh,
Senator Cullom, Senator Morgan,
And Mr. Hltt, of the commission who'
went out there to frame that law,
spoke again and again of tha high,
character of the government ot the
Republic of Hawaii. They spoke ot
the fact again and again that few
changes were necessary in the laws
of Hawaii because ot the highly sat
isfactory operation of the govern
ment then existing. Those are the
facts with reference to the situa
tion at that time. Ilut Mr. Woolley
has sought to give the Impression
here that since the annexation, or
rather since the coming Into power
ot Kalakaua, and his allowing the
sale of liquor to the Hawailans, that
that has been. the causo of the death
and decadence ot the Hawaiian race.
That is the general statement that
has been made, but what are the,
facts? The statement ot Captain
Cook, when he discovered the Ha
waiian Islands, was that there were
400,000 natives at that time. Mark
ou, the sale of liquor to the mass
of Uhe Hawailans was' never legal
ized until the rrelgn of Kalakaua,
say In 1880. Up to that time the
number ot Hawailans had decreased
Senator Piles. . Will -you stato
that again, please?
Mr. McClellan. There were 400,;
000 natives at the time Captain Cook
dlscovered'.he Hawaiian Islands, or
'were said t6Ve: '
The Chairman. I think. If vou
will excuse merfor a moment, Mr.f
thin Cook's 'Is very much doubted 'by,
Mr. McClellan. It is.
The Chairman. And, they think
that It 'should be about 100,000"'or
200,000? i !UimiH
Mr. McClellan. I think 11 Is
agreed that here were at least
260,000. I- think the historians ot
Hawaii agree on that-point.
The Chairman. I have recently
been reading up a good deal on Ha
waii, and I have noticed that some
authorities think that about 100,000
was the actual number at that time,
while some go as high as 200,000.
1 have 'not' found any who place it
as high as 2,60,000, but they all state
that Captain Cook had no means
whatever ot determining the num
ber, nor was he competent to make
Mr. Dinwiddle. It seems to go
with the name, (Laughter.)
Mr. McClellan. The fact remains
that when the law was passed which
permitted the native Hawailans to
piirchase liquor, the main decrease
and decimation In the Hawaiian
population had already occurred, and
that from that time, beginning In
1880, down to the 'present time,
and since annexation, tl.ere has been
no marked decrease In the popula
tion ot the Hawaiian race. There is
a slight gradual decrease, but I be
lieve that any candid student of the
Hawaiian raco will reach tho conclu
sion arrived at, nfter the most careful
study, by Professor Dlackman, of Yalo.
which Is that the decrease and fail
ure ot tho Hawaiian raco has been
largely duo to changed habits ot life
which have made them subject to such
diseases as pneumonia, tuberculosis,
and diseases of that character; and
that those diseases have been tho
cause ot tho decrease In the Hawaii
an people, and not the consumption of
liquor. Certain It Is that tho actual
percentage of decrease In (ho Hawaii
an) pooplo has' been less, their del
crease hag been slower, during the.
time Blnco liquor has been sold 4o
them than It was before, not because,
of that fact, but the fact Is that other
conditions have been operating, and
any decreaso that there Is In the Ha
waiian population can not be fairly at
tributed in a sweeping way to the
uvns ji iiquur.
Senator Fletcher.' 'Dlcj they not liayu
the bubonlo plague out there?
114 teres at Kalihi Valley, with
five-room cottage. Free water. Hen
houses: stable. Well fenced. Ideal
place (or a ohicken ranch.
Aim 8 4 a?r iinlmnww. mA
inlmt .W unimProvtJ.
P. E R.STRAUCH
Waity Bide 74 8. King St.
. There is a reason
behind the growth of
our , business, jwhich
summed up, pimply
means . i
The satisfection begins
with the purchase of
the suit, and lasts
.through the long wear
of the' garment. But
to guard against mis
takes, we say and give
"Money back to the
customer who wants
Mr. McClellan. Yes.
Senator Fletcher, Before annexa
tion? Mr. McClellan. Just after annexa
tion. However, very few people died
Irom that cause.
Senator Fletcher. That did not
tmount to much?
Mr. McClellan. Very few Hawail
ans died of the bubonic plague.
Senator Piles. There are about 40,-
000 natives on tho islands now, are
here not? t
Mr. McClellan. There are su pos
ed to be. I would like to say that the
smallpox in 1863 killed off a great
many Hawaiian, as rar as any epi
demic is concerned, that was far
more fatal than the bubonic plague
which has been referred, to.
"Now, the. general argument here
that In certain specific tcases the
Hawailans ari Injured by liquor Is
not tb.be denied. There is not a
Senator on this committee, or rep
tesentlng any State in the United
States Senate, who has not Just such
conditions In his own city. Eyen
the Senator from Kansas, or any
other Senator representing a pro
hibition State, can find- Just- such
conditions In bis State; but It dues
i ot follow because there are evils
growlng'out ot the liquor truffle
that, under all the conditions per
taining to this situation, the Con
gress should proceed to enact 4 pro
hibitory law for the Territory of
Senator Curtis, I can state that l
know no children fro being killed
or dying In Kansas from drinking
liquor, as the evidence showed
here this morning to be the cbbb In
Hawaii. ' ; ' t
Mr. McClellan. I am not sure
that the Senator Is always cognizant.
at everything evil that happens In
his .State'; but I have never knowrf
of a' State that has not had very
grave evils from the liquor business.'
Senator Piles. What Is the liquor,
they sell out thero that Mr. Woolley
leferred to that has some peculiar
name? i '
Mr. Woolley. Dago red.
Mr. McClellan. 'it Is a cheap
Senator Piles. A native wine)
Mr. McClellan. No, sir; It Is an
Senator Fletcher. It Is not made
from cano skimmings?
Mr. McClellan. No. . 4 t
Mr. Kalanlanaole. It. Is supposed
to be made from California grapes.
Senator Piles. Is It supbpscd to be
Mr. McClellan, Oh, no.
Senator Piles. Do those who In the Territory of Arizona
lrlnkJWUfroBMheeffecu-otlt?.,I,.lrhe-'rerrItory nf New Mexico,
It mote harmful than ordinary
Mr. McClellai. It Is simply an In
ferior wine, and Is probably adul
terated, as choflp liquors frequently
.eP siW as- i sLa h , - 4rfl9
siW aw ObY BbV sw 4bBsJs ' -ml
i - . -
Senator' Piles. Is death attributed
to the use ot that wine in 'ordinary
quantities?" ' ',
Mr. McClellan. Oh, no. . Many' or
the families there keep lt in 'toe
house all the time,' and drink Jit. i
Senator Piles. I have noticed' that
some ot the articles state .th'at peq-
ple drinking It have, died' from the
effects ot It. What do you" call It
"Red Stocking?" . i '
Mr. McClellan. "Dago, Red." I
da not know that there is any' State
in the Union In which college gra
duates have not died from drinking
Senator Piles. Ilut I did not un
derstand that It is due to excessive
drtnkfag. I understood that 'deaths
occurred7 from the use of this char
acter at liquor, which was very de
leterious to life, even when used In
Mr A. McClellan. Any contention
of that kind, I think, Is unfounded.
The liquor Is doubtless adulterated
and ots an inferior character, and
excessive drinking of It at one time
would be dangerous just as a man
may kill himself by drinking tho
very best Jlquor that is made.
Senator ' Piles. 1 understood,
though, that that was a character ot
liquor ot which a small quantity
would put a man to sleep, or poison
him. ' .
Mr. McClellan. Not at all. I want
to say, In that connection, that the
liquor law that Js on the statute
books especially provides for testing
the character and purity ot liquors)
and there Is recourse for anyone
who wishes ito prosecute anybody
who sells adulterated liquors. That
pont Is speclflcallycovered by i the
law. . '
What reasons have been shown,
or can be shown, why 'a specific bllf
should be brought in here to take
away from the Territory of Hawal
some of Its governmental rights una:
Impose a prohibitory law when thoro
Is mqte ueed for It In the, other rter-J
rltories ot Arizona and New Mexico,
and In the unorganized 'Territory or
Alaska,- in the possesslons5of' Porto
Rico and the Philippine Islands?
I do not believe anybody who has
visited Hawaii am the Philippines
.would undertake for a moment to
say that the people ot Hawaii, the
native Hawailans, are less capublo
ot self-government and sClf-adinlnls-trutlon
than the natives ot the Phi
lippines or tho natfves of Porto Ri
co; nor do I bellete It can be for a
moment shown that the evils, ot the
liquor business ore greater in tho
territory ot Hawaii than tuoy nro
Arizona or in
tnlnly they" are less than they are lu
the Philippines and In Porto Rico.
And jet, in the case ot the Philip
pines, we marched in and by tha
power of pur guns and Wio power ot
the sword captured that country and
took It, and afterwards went through
a form of purchasing It and mudo
It a possession of this country; be
cauBo of the circumstances of Its ac
quisition we hate not only the ob-
solute power to legislate for the Phi
lippines, but there Is not tho same
moral consideration or obflftatlon oh
our ipart 'to do anything other ihan
what we please In a governmental
sense, with it. In otbtr words,, no
assurance had been given, to those '
people ot self:government. Tho same
thing applies To Porto Rico, to Ari
zona, and to New Mexico more than '
It does to Hawaii, because that Was
purchased territory; but here In-lla-wall
Is a territory that stood for
three-quarters of a century as an In
dependent nation of self-governing- .
people, who came voluntarily and
gave over their sovereignty to this
country, with ap understanding def
initely covered by the treaty and
by the organic net as to the measure
of self-government that they were
to enjoy. '
Now the gentleman seems to as?
sume here that because Congress has
the power, which It necessarily has
under the Constitution, to legllate
for a Territory, that therefore there'
Is no reason at all why It should not '
proceed to exercise that power. Ilut;
gentlemen, we hato shown that the
legislature at the Territory ot Ha
waii, nnd the administration ot lts
government for ten years, has been
highly satisfactory; that that coun
try Ib In a progressive condition as
to ls finances and general situation; '
and not .only that its affairs general
ly are 111 good condition, but that
the legislature, agulnst the opposi
tion of the liquor Interests, has pass
ed a very rigid liquor law, highly
spoken of ly( Mr. Woolley himself,
and that .they aro 'in a position!
through, he4e license boards, to res
pond to'any increase in public sen
timent for a moro advanced policy
ot prohibition and limitation ot the
numberofBalaons. Under these cir
cumstances when the governor him
self,' after1 considering the matter,
states that In his Judgment the time
has not arrived when such action1
should be taken; when the Cham
ber of Commerce, representing the
social and missionary element re
ferred to by Mr. Woolley, the most
conservative business element of tha
community, Btrongly opposes tills -action;
when they state that tho
Territory has shown Its power to
govern Itself, and Its capacity to do
bo; when men whose personal sen
timents are distinctly temnerance
tnko this same ground, It seems to
me such action by Congress would)
be In the highest sense unjust; audi
without any retlectlon on this com
mittee or on the Senate, It Is,.:
fair to say It would amount ito)
.breach ot good faith and n violation;
V Continued on Tujpti?