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EVENINO HUIXKriN, IIUNUI.UL.U T II. MONDAY. SErT. 12, 1910
1912 FATEFUL TO
If It Loeos Then It Will Puss
LOUinVlU.E, Ky.AuR. 20, ltcnry.
'VW'c'rKon.j'iimlcr the' lu;niJln,"pioan
1 1.0 IVckHWrJlS.'iiaya In UiyjCoiir-,
itrJouiiiaV:'' ' ' V .
"Notlnr. flu ,'Uic Wininoiior toihu
Iilcndly otiici".nloiis whlcli had up
pciircd In Ilia Cornier Journal, Mr.
lliynli iuliiits Ihu lone nml tinea tlio
InnRuiiRO i superloilty. Ho wrlteB ns
11 law rIit. The pnrpnrc of our
picnclimciit uinucriicd Itself rnthcr
wltli Mr. Ilryun, ns nn Incllvlilunl, thnn
the DrmociHltc party aa an organism.
Though nut onr brollior'H keeper we
wiotc aa an elder and n well wisher,
lecniicn Iho Rllmpso had of tho fa
moita Ncbrnsl'.nn In 190S revealed n
personality of no mnny virtues, of
such leal simplicity and clinrm, ns to
oblllernto hyr.ono misconceptions and
"(f Iho editor of Ilia Courier Journal
knows not what ipnllco Is, tcinporn
nimtally Incnpalilo of hatred, oumi of
nngi'r and resentment after tlio event,
ho believes with Talloyrand nml Ma
inurck that In public nlliilrH rcvciiRo
idiould bo an unknunn quality. States
manship would cxptuiRO tho word
from tho dictionary. Tlio frlcnda of,
jcoterday Iiecomo enemies of today
nml lcn orBii; nothliiR triio or ntublo
except thy Rood of tho cnmniony. oaHli
ccr, with cvcntii ch.iiiRltiR, Irom llmo
to lime, Its needx and Its Instnuncn
tnlllles. "Nobody would ccr llilnk of noinl
iialliiR a Democratic candldalo for
rrcsldcnt who bad ntcd for McKlntey
In 1900, or for Hooscvelt In 1904. Tho
point iniido relates lo 1898; wo Raid
that a test of loyalty should no inoro
carry to 1896 than to 18C0.
"If tho Democratic party I0103 an
other Presidential baltlo It will prob
ably, iir an hUlnrln entity, p.isa from
oil the Bccno, Tho l.ibcl may nurvhc,
but the Icadera and tho Roneslii will
bo altered. Itndlcalhuu beyond whero
wo aro spclln socialism. I'roRrcsalv
Ism means Hcpubllcanlnm turned so
cialism. Until may como to pass li.
tho fullnosH of llmo, bccniiKo uni
versal education and unUersul suf
frjRO nicnn, In tho end, universal rev
olution. Hut, as mailers stand. It Ha
likely 'to bo, In 1912, tho sama old
lli;ht lietwccn tlio bmiio old parties,
and If tho Democrats ubould loso It
becnuso of Mr (lryun's interposition
with quiddities or dlbiurbiiiK iutb
dies, tho Commoner will Imvo Rono
back I'llxtooti yearsto 'swaiC.- pl.iro?
wlth'MrvWattor8on, whom ho doubt
less still thlnka wna n very 'improper
person In J 890."
SAYS INSANITY GROWS
Doctor Declares Longor Aver
age Life Accounts for In
NEW YOHK, Ahr. 22! Dr. Albert
W. Ferris, prosldent of tho Now York
Lunacy Coimiilfeslon, thinks ono of
tho chief ciiusou of tho Increased num
ber of Insano In tho United BtntcH Is
to bo found In tho Increased loiiRovity
ot Ibu rnco. In a rciiort just mado
public hero bo miya:
"Attention has been drawn 'to tho
fact that tlio racn Is loiiRcr lived, In
1 H 10 tho nvcrnRo uro ut death was
about 25 H'-irs.
"In 19U0 tlio nvornRO iiro bad 1 11 -creased,
.In 3 1 r years, thus brlngliiR
moro people Into tho third ilocndo of
life, whlcli Is tho moat fruitful decado
In Insanity. Tho numhor of insane
properly to bo expected In 1900 was
27.8 per cent greater than In 1840.
"Thus do tlio refinements 'of medi
cine so tincntisfactorlly for the race
end ro sattalnctorlly for the Individ
ual prop up und fortify young poo
plo with feeble constitutlonn until
they can marry, thus aiding In tljo
set i Ire of unlit and augmenting the
number of Insnua parents."
wuv.y voir Aiti; roon.
You don't liuvu to pay lucuriince on
You don't Ret begRlng letters.
You don't worry oer your Invest
me 11 to.
You don't get n shock when souio
bank goes under.
You can buy your (wb a ijimrtcr at
You can ceo what tho world la doing
for a nkkul.
You don't take your llfo In your
own lunula by riding In your own
You can wall: 111 mind the town with
"out being pointed out by crooka.
You can hit down and enjoy 11 hand
concert li tho park
You call llvu without 11 vnlot.
You run do nu you lll.u In 11 largo
You cm fall In luvii 11 lid knows Iho
lutes you, iiIIIioiikIi you am neither
rlrli nor luilidsoini', bid Juki uttrucllvu,
wlili h In iiwii liHIiir.
Von know 11 mini wouldn't nl 011
fur 11 illuii', If liu illdn'l waul II pilly
Vnu roll I'llmwti villi hiii'l lurk
Vim iiny uiMmh
Vim liuim llni iuJuii 11I mw nr
)u inlw h ImI yr fUH
Vmi iwik wwiiiiim in mi rut
iImi k, mwik mum U b IwtiU)'
SCHOOL FUND COMMISSION'S PLAN
Following is the Preliminary Report of the Public School Fund Commis
sion Submitted to the Governor by Chairman Wallace R. Farrington
and Prof. Edgar Wood. The Full Details of the Commissioned
Report is Delayed Pending the Return to the Territory of W. A. Bowen,
the Third Member of the Commission.
IFox. Wai.ti.h F. Fi:i:h,
(jovcrilor (if Jlitwiiii, - ,
Snt: Tin; I'ltlilie Scliool FiiipI ('iiiiiniioii, noting itmlcr
nutlioiity of lliu .luint Kciiliit:iiii of the I. .'isl.tttiif pj" IIUl'.l
of tin1 IVn-iliiry of Ilinvnii, licieu iili siilmi!) tlio!i''ronoliiiioiij
nml propoH'il Ufrishiliiin In carry 1 11I llu- llinlin.s of tlio Com-,
mixtion. The .luinl Iti'-oliiliun of tin l.t';ii-l:itiiru ilitwliii; tlic
work of llit' CoiiimiMiioii, & r- follow:
"III! IT IIKHOIVi:i) by tho I'Rlitliuuio of the Territory of Hawaii,
that Iho tiowrnor of Iho Terrlloi) rhall as roou 11.1 priietlc.ihle, alter
tho approval of this resolution, appoint n comiuliibloii of tin 00 mem
bers, who shall be experienced and louiiielunt pcnuinH, to bo, known
na thu 'HCIIOOI. IUINI) CIJMMISSION" whd nli.ilt IhoioiiRbly o;amlno
and IiivcpIIriiIo thu methods of rniKlui; und iipiiortioiiiUR school lundi
ulsewbero and who shall roniddcr nj mid mu.iiis for the levhlou and
betterment of tho methods now unploji'd In Ibis Tvrriloiy for lu:Ii
."Tho Coinnihsloncra hhnll senc wltboiit i.iy but tlio kuih of Two
Iliindred and l'llly (250.00) Dollarti la hoitby appropriated for 111
"The Commission oball not Inter than July I, 1910, repoit to I'm
Gocrnor their conclusions, with thdr nuiinuioiidatlonn peitalnlnn
thereto and such bill or hills ns it may deem necessary lor the rlloctii
Bllon vf Buch rrcommcud.itlons.
"Apptoied this 28th day of Arll, A. U., 1909.
"(Signed) VAIli;il P. KItUAII,
"tjmenior of Iho Territory ot Hawaii."
Tlic Coiiilni.H.iii)ii liuila:
' Finsr: That llirotif;lioiit the Aiiii'riiMii .M.iinlnnil ihc puliliu
fohool lina it ftrof;iii.t'l prior t'l.iiui upon tin; revennw of the
country, in tl:c?Ciitiomil, .Sliilu nml .Municipal (livirtioni.
yi.cNii: 'J'hat the (Icinmnls of puliliu cilnVntioir mo prin.
' 'cijially mil liy 11 Kpccilic tux on rc-.il projierly mid pi rMniitl plop
'n't'i'riy levied in stillicitnt muOiint lo nurl lint rciptiirminls of the
pnlilic M-'hools. Only Jit the ImcKwitril couniiiiiiitici nre the
iicriU of the ileVL-liipinj; youth of I lie country, in common k'IhmiI
cduealioii, cut mid pared mpl iiuelied iicconlitiK lo nn mhitriiry
dictum of what share of the income shall he Used for education
Tiuitn: The iucouie from the public hinds is 'nlnimt in
vnrittlily tujiied over, in a large uieiiiittre, tit lemtto the cause
of ciluciitiou. A part oejt U the coiuiuou whools mid "it lilicral
portion U devoled to liigheedue.ilioii as developed in 'the col
leges of Agriculture and .Mechanic Art-.
The (.'iiiiiiiiibaion lielicvc that the nteils of the puliliu schools
in this Territory ghnuld lie met hy a spccilie lax upon real
property and personal property, Htipplcimntcd by fifty per
cent of the income from public lauds nml water Iciim's, and
by fetling aside 11a a separate fund the money derived from
the pemimil school tax that now gots into the general realuit
tiom of the Territory. ,
This (.'ouimissiou believed that the public schools should be
eared for lir.t. The taxes should lie levied, the income ad
justed, mid the appropriation made to meet the legitimate re
quirements of the department of public instruction. This
'will secure for the children of Hawaii an adequate and train
ed teaching force, modern equipment, industrial training mid
commodious permanent school Jioiimm. The Territory should
never repent the record of recent history when our pub
lic schools, and therefore the coming men and women of thwe
'islands, were the victims of a short-sighted policy that sneri
tiecd tho 'iciielier, and thetefore the pupil, in order that Iho
taxpayer might save a few dollnrs or that the strictly materia!
interests might lie dealt with more kindly.
If there is one branch of the public service of any com
monwealth that should be absolutely free from the barter and
trade of lcgislatnc log rolling in the division of appropria
tions, it is tho public schools. , We would inspect fully call the
attention of citizens ami legislators to the settled policy, of the
Federal Government that each year devotes millions of dollars
to education. The only legislative di-cussiou of the mutter,
the only question raised being whether the amount is sullieieut.
The Federal Government, instead of reducing its expemlitutes
for education and searching for ways and means to place a
heavier burden on the teachers who direct the 3011th of tfio
Republic in the search for knowledge, is each year devoting a
larger share of its income to provide lietler paid teachers, more
adequate equipment, nml therefore broader oppoi (unities for
(lie pupils, ,
Tho Commission is iiumiimoiis in its conviction that llm
gpicilic tax on real and personal property is the lst imtliod
by which the needs of the public schools in the Territory of
Hawaii eau be met.
OXK I'F.lt OKNT TAX.
In pursuing 1H imcMigntiou mid in the developing of pub
lie opinion 011 tlio mailer,' I lie i-ounuiiMiou hu eiinmiilni'd
H Strung miilliurut .iiuoug llm ropiotriiliiliw of lingo cncpoi'
nln InieioiU hkhIiim mi.v tmiipoijug with the one per mil iiin
oil mil piopeiiy nml peroiinl inopeiiv. It ilicii'fnro pin
HM lii u inputt 11 w'lii'ino I'm' I'liltln'fiiiiiU llmt I iiioip rum
pIli'HU'il tlliili llm noiiilliiioii would prefer but iihiv 1st lietler
tllilml In Iiin Miillliueiit of iron'i't, hiieie.u hi eillli!)j ill llm
l'HM'lll IliiHiieiit, l i H li.lupHlllllw,
Till' l'onnil"inli U I ml 1I1 liyHleil with uuiiuilll In revle
lb' immiliHi H',,i "f !' Tntrliitrv, mneli u muIi h nH'UliMi
llilllil U' "ttwle lii oil mil i IWi pui'rtfl U'twtit ttf lltt' Wl'lt'
In the Tcriilory there is a very powerful element both
openly mid cmorlly declaring that too much education is lieing
givui the children of lowly birth.
TIIK CO.M.MISSIOX'S l'ltyi'OSAI.. '
The plan the Commission offers as presenting the liest adjust
uunts in its etiinalion of the demands of the pnlilic schools
may be brielly outlined as follows:
That for ecrv biennial period the Dcpiutmciit of I'ublie.
Iiibtruelion shall prepare a limhjel of culimnlfit setting forth
the mills of tin- I'ublie Schools for the ensuing years.
This budget shall Ik prepaid! under two divisions, namely,
the (IKXKItAI. FI'Xl) and the Sl'F.ClAI. Ft'XI). ,
The GKXKKAI. FI'Xl) shall' include the salaries of teach
ers mid superviMirs, -alary of the' Superintendent, salaries of
the olliee force and the general incidental expense, suppliis
incidental to instruction in the various subjects of the course of
study, the expuiM' of luminal and industrial training, medical
inqiietiou, liluaries ami books.
The SI'KCIAI. FI'Xl) shall include supplies for mainteu
iini'c and upkeep of sehool'liouscs, shops, cottages and outbuild
ings ami construction of new buildings .and care of grounds,
furniture, fixtures and janitor service, ami all supplies not in
eluded under ihc General Fund.
This biiilijvl when eompltted by the Hoard of Public In
i.trueliou shall Ik- submitted to a llmud of Ktstiiiuitc consist
ing of six inembeis, four of whom shall lie tho Chairmen of thu
Hoards of .Supervisors of tho Counties of the Territory, 0110
the Sici-clary of the Territory mid the sixth, tho Superintend
tut of Public Instruction, cx-oillcio. The Hoard shall servo
without pay, Wicept mileage to cover expenses. . s. . .
The duty of' the Itwinl of lintinuilcn shall lie to go over tho
lUulijrl and make Mich revisions as may be deemed proper.
This lto'iitl of Eitinmti-s shall not have authority to change
that p.ut of the General Fuinl dealing with administration, and
the salaries of teachers, supervisors ami inspectors, recommend
ed by the Depaitnunt of Public Instruction.. School accommo
dation nhall be estimated on the basis of not more than forty
pupils per teacher for centers of population. Provision must
lie made for children in ouleil districts by new school houses or
suitable transportation to a central school.
The SCHOOL 151'DGKT having been pas-cd upon by the
Hoard of Kstimutcs shall then be prcenled thirty days lieforo
the opening of the Legislature to the Governor, who shall
submit liie same to the Ligislatitr within .ten days after it
opens in regular session, with his recommendations. HJioiihl
the Hoard of Kstimutcs fail to act within the time specified,
the estimates of the Hoard of Public 'Instruction shall be sttb
iiiilli.il to the Legislature by the Governor direct.
PKOVIDIXG TIIK FUNDS.
The Fl'NMS to "meet the appropriations called for in the
SCHOOL 1111)0 HT shall Lo derived from tho following
The SCHOOL TAX of two dollnrs paid by every mule, in
habitant between the ages of twenty and sixty years;
FIFTV PKIt CKXT OF TIIK IXCO.MK FROM PUB
LIC LAX1JS sales, leases and water licenses;
A SPKCIFIC TAX OX TIIK HKAL PHOPKHTY AND
PKHSOXAL PKOPKUTV OF TIIK TKHIUTOHV repre
sent! d by a levy of as many mills on the dollars of real prop
illy and personal property as may lie necessary to meet tho
difference Ulwccn the sum called for under the General Fund
of the School Budget mid the total of the School Personal Tax,
the Public Lands iucouie and any other permanent sources of
income devoted lo public schools. F'or instance, if the General
Fund of the School Budget called for 800,000, $100,(11)1)
might Ik.1 secured fioui the personal tax, j;:jr0,0()0 from thu
fifty per eenl of the income 011 public lauds, leaving $ I. 1(1,01)1)
to be raised by a specific tax of three mills 011 the dollar, esti
mating the assessed value of the real and personal property
at $ 1 .10,000,000.
By reference to other sources of permanent income the Coin
mission has in mind the creation of a permanent school fund
by donations of land or oilier incoino Ix-ariug properly thu
pioeieds of which shall be 11 mi I for the support of thu "public
Tlio amount nmwary for miIiiWim of leachers , Mipcrvisors
nml impci'lnr shall 1st appropriated under an net aiitiori.ing a
continuing npproprialou, It iiiiiI.ih available each bieiimiil
poruul without flll'lher spccillo net of the Legislature tlio flllpls
required to unci mi npprovnl si'licilule uf expcim-, Till U per--liilwlble
under I ho Orgniilo Ail n iniiciiici, Till ohvhittx
tlio iiiciIi. of ilio Litglaliiiure inking up Iho ilei.ilU of llm
IimicIiciV pay mlU ill ihiiiIi cmoii,
TliU will ,il.o avoid iiin piiuilile illlllciiln uf llm Coiiiily
iNiuiriipiiiii bullilin nml the Turlioi'v nni Iwvlng fmiiU In
IM ill' hImiIo of IM'I'dl'd liai'liil., When J- H'H'lllll uf l
I't 1 illoi'v mi uilii'lciil liu 1 iitmi i will Imu' hiIUMIi flllliU
foi ih'iei piiliii'ilNtNllll uf lMiihlU. mill lite hHtlWM
I'iiWIc uiiiniluu will U' mUc in rinpl.o, iW ipUr mm
'. ',. ,t J .'l' ,' 'v ' I
At the pre-ent time and under the laws proposed the County
has the construction and maintenance of Iho srhool buildings
while the Territory has ihc paying of teachers' snlaiies. In
this arrangement tin re is the possibility of frequent disagree
ments lictwcen the Counties and tho Territorial niithoritic".
This condition is undesirable and docs not contribute to tho
lust educational interests of the Territory, but rather to a con
dition of strife that retards the progress of our schools. At
picsint the school authorities are handicapped by the lack of
funds and at the atne time held responsible for the success
ful carrying on of the work. I'tuler the plan suggested tho
Territory is safeguarded by an authoriedsalary schedule mid
the construction of buildings by the County; while on thu
other hand the Comiiiiioners of Public Instruction arc guar
anteed the necessary funds to meet the legitimate educuting
needs of the'eouutry and the adiuiuistriiton eau spend their
energies on planning the work for the schools rather than, as
now, spending valuable time on salary adjustments that with
adequate funds would lie automatically attended' to hy tho
salary schedule. '.'
The aim of the Commission in setting aside the specific
sources of income as in the S.C1IOOL TAX is to secure a
definite revenue from the large nulillier of noii-properly own
ing males who have none of the rconsibilitics of citizenship,
but whose children gain the benefits of the public schools':'"
In taking a portion of the revenue from PUBLIC
LAXDS, -we devote thu income from the Public Domain to the
purposes which the American people and, in earlier days, tho
people of Hawaii believed to lie its proper ue. I'roni 18.10
and to the year 181)1, Hawaii gave the funds derived from ouu-;
twentieth of its public lauds to public school purpo-es. In thu
United States, from tho time of the admission of Ohio-nrtm
State one-thirty-si.th of all the lands of the Statu was devoted
to the support of public schools. This continued until thcyiid
mission of California and in the ease of California mid each
State subsequently admitted, oue-eighleeuth part of the wlii.lo
area of each Statu was set apart for educational purposes. Tho
unearned iiicivmait of our 1'ubllc hinds belongs to Ihc chil
dicn of the xoil. What belter heritage ran ice, their trustees,
giva them than the faeilities for a rfbvml ediuation'l T
In tins VAHIABLK TAX OX HKAL PHOPKHTY AND
PKBSOXAL PHOPKHTY wo -aim to establish within Mhu
Territory of Hawaii the unassailable nd righteous principle
that the Public .Schools 'should lie, provided for first. If
other sources of revenue do not produce tho necessary fpuds, .
the'tax shall be levied in such amount each year as will pro
vide lilicrally and adequately for public education.' '
Should tho people of tho-Territory be unwilling to adopt
this principle uf taxation in connection with their schools, they
indicate that they lack respect for the fundamental priuciplu
that high character of citizett'liip -and government eau only Ihj
maintained through eflieient public education.
Ai-ording to the scheme worked out by the commission
the SCHOOL Bl'DGKT originates in the Department of Pub
lie listriti'tion where we find the detailed information and ex
pin knowledge of educational development iu the Territory.
It then goes to the BOA III) OF ESTIMATES made up of
liieiuliers from the various Counties who from approximately
two years of service iu public ofliee should Ikj closely in touch
with what the people of each County desire mid thus best ahlo,
with thu exception of salaries of teauhers ,supurvisors, in
sptrtors and items of administratioii, to make a practical re
visionshould it lie deemed that the educational expertsaro '
leading on'mure rapidly than the people euti follow.
The Governor reviews the SCHOOL BUDGET mid it then
goc finally to the representatives of the people iu the legis
lature, a competent and complete statement of what should bo
furnished by the taxpayers of the Territory in order that "tho
children of Hawaii may have that which is the birthright of
every child Isim in America ns well as the first essential' of
future gisiil citizenship, a good common school education. .
The items of the GKXKHAL FL'XI) aro not-included among
those to bo revised by the BOARD OF ESTIMATES Weauso
the salaries of the teachers, supcrvitors and inspectors should bo
determined by a permanent schedule, and tho details of scliool
supplies and gradual expansion of industrial training mid do
incstiu'scieuco and art, agricultural and nuchanic arts mid med
ical inspection aro lietler left to tho Depattiuent of Public In-"
htruetion. A commonwealth that will not follow thu recom
mendations of its school uianagers iu matters of technical de
tail is betting its children a bad example.
Manual training iu jU various branches is placed, under tho ii
G EX Ell AH FUXI) liecuusu work of this character sho'uhUlio' I
. , . r -- -
earrieii on under a system that is identical throughout tho
Under the SPECIAL FUXI) we have llimr items that might
bo termed particularly local and theiefore of spirial moment'
to the ollleers of the Counties. Before children eau lie tiiMght
. they until Ih propetly housed and the buildings properlv equip
1 pcd. On this matter the people mid olliccru of llm itulivjiliial
eouuliei ihoiild have nutlioiity to dt'lciiiiine the diameter luiil
nut of this wink, In tho nM'iil of a ihi'iilmi to erect piirmu
nciil building uf brick or mono, tho npciio ilmuld ho dV
ii'iiniii'U 1 iy 11 loan appinpi union, j
Thu CiHiiiiiUlnii i'hhiiiiiiiuiiiI tu)l the up
HIHIIC IN IIINUC III M HUH I Ml
iiinlcr liie iiih- nml hvuIhiIi
li Mki rjpw.i. m y im mlM' iki,,
MmTkntim b ?$$$ imp m mm
iiiimU lliul the upinwululli) iu
nni iu kiwi' thu wluMJuly mm'liuQ
Ion. ..f 1 lie h'nriuunl uf i'lilUS