Newspaper Page Text
EVENINO BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H, MONDAY, JULY 3, 1911.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Review of Events Up to May 14 General Lyon Cap
tures Camp Jackson Many Regiments Gather at
Washington Sixth Massachusetts Regiment Is
Mobbed In Baltimore Southern Ports Blockaded by
Lincoln's Order General Ben Butler Assumes Com
mand In Baltimore Troops Restore Railroad From
Annapolis to Washington Virginia Secedes Jef
ferson Davis Issues Letters of Marque Lincoln
Makes Second Call For Volunteers.
ly JAMti A. LDGERTON.
Copyright by Amcrlrnn 1 rc Associa
THE war cloud win Ions In gath
ering, but broke stvlrtl. Tho
thunder of tlio gum nliout
i on niiimcr iiuaii iiriHi'.r'i
the nation to ttiu fact Hint tlio tempest
had begun. Ileforu Hint tlmu tlicro
lind been niuttcrlngs nnd mussing of
clouds In thu southern sky. but many
In the north refused to limr or roc.
hoplug ngnlnit liopo tint tbo trou
ble would yet bo nvcrted
llofore Lincoln's In iiigurntlon the
state of South Carolina bud seceded on
Dec. 'M; Mississippi on Jnn U. I'lorldn.
Jan. 10, Alnlmnin, Jnn. 11: (Icorgln,
Jnn, 10; Louisiana, Jau. .0, ami 'Iexas.
I'eb 1. On I'cb 4 the provisional con
gress hnd met, on tlio Dili Jefferson Da-
Mob in Balllmoro attseklng 8lxth
Ington. Four soldlors woro klll.d
roglmont was tho first to reach
vis had been elected and on the 18th
ho hnd been Inaugurated president of
the .Confcdcrato States of America.
Tho Bring ou 1'ort Sumter began
April 12. nnd tbo evacuation took place
on tho 11th. Tho next dny Lincoln Is
sued his cnll for 75,000 troops, nnd the
n ar w as on. At tho snuio tlmo ho call
ed congress In cvtrn, session for July 4.
Things now happened with ben lldor-
InR rnpldlty. Ono Union general said.
"Wo lived n yenr every diy." Somo
of the border state refused to honor
Llncoln'H call, but the entire north
moved to meet It ns oue man States
clamored to tend moro than their quo
ta. North Carolina had not yet left tne
Union, but nji April 111 she eelrcd Torts
Macon, Cnnwtll nud Johnson. Tho
next dny Vlrgluln seceded. This was
tho heaviest blow yet dealt tbo Union,
not only becauso of Virginia's rank.
hnt on account of her military stand
ing, her prestlgo among tho other bor
der states and her proximity to Wash
ington. On tho samo day that Mr
glnln seceded Jefferson Davis called
for 32,000 troops and offered commis
sions to prlvntecra to prey on Ameri
Ice Ooei With Virginia.
Evidently tho Virginia nuthorltles hnd
long contcraplnted secession, for tho
state troops were alrendy on the move
and on April 18 occupied Hnrpers.Fer
ry, thu Union gnrrlson destroying a
part of tho arsenal nnd stores nnd ovne
lilting In expectation of nn attack.
Itobert K. Leo wns offered tho com
mand of tho Federal arm.v, but, al
though a Union man, decided to go
with bis state. Major Anderson, who
hnd been In command of Port Sumter,
wns received In New York with pro
The spirit displayed by tho north wns
manifest In her chief city, much to tbo
surprise of tho southerners nnd their
northern sympathizers. A great mob
went to every Now York newspaper
suspected of disloyalty nud mn'do It ily
the American nng. Mass meetings were
held. Iteglment after regiment was
raised and sent lo tho front to tho ac
CQtnpnnlment of cheers from every
street and flags from every window.
April 10. Ike anniversary of tho bit-
lie' of Lexington, wns a red loiter day
and rod In other ways. The Sixth
Massachusetts while passing through
Baltimore en route to Washington was
attacked by a mob, four of tho soldiers
wore killed nnd many wounded, nnit
the bnnd wns cut off and forced to re
turn to the train. Tho soldiers fired
Into the angry mass of citizens, killing
and Injuring many. The Sixth forced
., , : 1
Its wiy through, but other regiments
turned kick. 'Hie bridge lending lo
Itiltlmore were artcrwnnl distilled go
tint thu government wns compelled lo
send troops by vvav of Annapolis 'Hie
Seventh regiment of New York Blurted
on the l!Uh nud wns nmong thoso to
tnko the new route At Annnpolls the
railroad wns fouiiil to bo dlsnhled, nnd
the members of the Kcvcntti went to
work repairing the track, arriving In
Washington sonic da) s liter tlnsl nnd
dusty, but receiving a Rrcnter ornllou
perhaps than .would have lieen accord,
rd thom If In spick nud Kpin condition.
Ono more momentous; occurrence
should bo credited to the lllth, for on
tint dnj l-resldent Lincoln declared a
blocknde of nil southern ports.
Tho nett tiny lit I ert I! Leo restRncd
his commission ns lolonel In the United
M.sssohusttti rtglmsnt, April 19, 1S61, on anniversary of bittU of Ltic.
and thirty-six woundsd. Sovorsl msmbsrs of tho mob wore klllsd. Thia
Washington In rssponoo to Prosidont Llneala'a call for troops.
States army, and on tho sumo date
Major Itobert Anderson vv n the center
of a magnificent war demonstration
of 100,000 people In Union square, Now
York city. At this tlmo thorn were
nbout C 000 soldiers In Washington nnd
Its Immediate vicinity.
Tho Virginia troops under General
Taliaferro attacked tho Norfolk unvy
ynrd, nnd, rather than surrender the
stores nnd ships there nssomblid, the
officers In command set the buildings
on Ore. Seven war vessels weru burn
ed or scuttled and n vnst amount of
machinery nnd supplies destroyed.
During tho conflagration two of tho
ships with munitions wcro taken out
by the ofUcers and made their escnie.
On the 21st the old frigate Constitu
tion, Ijlng oft AmiiipoJIs. wns saved
to the Federals bv the arrival of the
Klgbtb Massachusetts, which after
"ward was rc-cuforted by tbo Seventh
New York. Ou this dny tho stnte of
North Cnrollnn selrcd u mint und on
tbo 22d n United States arsenal.
McClellnn Enters the Field.
April 23 was a momentous day In
that It saw the advancement to com
mand of two'' men who afterward
would be pitted against each other In
battle, (leorga II, McClellnn was plac
ed In command of tho Ohio militia and
llobert B. Lee of tho army of Vir
ginia, Ou the 20th Joseph K. Johnston
nssumed command of tho Confcdcrato
forces at Itlcbuiond Ono day later
Colonel T. J. ("Stouewnll") Jackson
took command at Hariicrs Kerry, aud
General Iltnjnmln F. llutler went to
tho head of the Union troops In the
Ilaltlmoro district In Maryland Doth
aides were rinding their men, although
tho south was making moro rapid prog
ress In II tiding tlio men on whom she
would filially depend.
lip to this time n provisional con
gress bad been tho legislative body of
the Confederates Ou April 21) tho
tirst regular congress under tlio newly
ndopted constitution met nt Montgom
ery. It was auuouuted by tho Urltlsh
government that there 'would bo no in
tervention. Tbo dllilcultlei tint confronted Presi
dent Lincoln may be realized lu part
by the fat t that on May 1, 1S0I, the
United Slates treasury had not n dol.
Iir In lently tash We were facing the
most momentous war of our history,
jot the army, uaty and even the
finances had to bo created nnd organ
ized villi which to meet It, There
wns one r.iy of hope, however Hep
resentatlves of the western part of
Vligiula told the president that they
were lornl in the Union nmi nskid for
troops in help them cut loose nud form
a new slate. On Muy 1 it vvus an-
nmi need Hint Lincoln finally lind won
nil of his tntiluct to tlio Bupport of a
vigorous war policy.
The benrt of Washington wns glnd
3cnrd on Slav 'J by the arrival of Colo
nel 11. 12 L'llsu oi Ill's tlrcmcn zouaves,
l'lliuortli was u jouug olllccr who al
loatlt hid nttinttcd nntlonal ntteutlon
tij the tirgnul7ntloii of n finely drilled
troop of 7oii ives In ChlcnRo IIu trav
eltd east with Lincoln, nnd on the cnll
for tnsips hastened lo New York mid
nigitnlrul n rtglnunt of zouaves from
the Hie department. ,
Lincoln's first cnll was for 73.000
three mouths men, nnd Hip quota al
re.idy had been moro thnn tilled, with
the northern slates clamoring for the
prlv liege of sending more. On May 3
the vresldent Hindu nn additional mil
for 8.1000, nbout half of theso beinR
three years volunteers, with 112,000 rcg
iilars and 18,000 for the nnvy.
'lhrottgliout tliese troubled months
tlio country was tilled with nil innn
ncr of nlnriuiiiR rumors. Ono of tlio
most startling concerned n plot to burn
New York and other cities, discolored
by tlio New York police. Tlio plotters
were known as "Knights of tbo Gold
South Breams of Intervention.
Ono of tho most thrilling and Impor
tant chapters of tbo civil wnr related
to our foreign relations. At no place
does tbo Ktntcsmnnshlp of Abrnhnm
Lincoln appear to better advantage.
Tbo south counted on intervention by
Kuropenu powers. Cotton was king,
and ns soon ns Kngland and Prance
wore short of cotton those nntlons
would take n baud and establish the
Independence of tho Confederacy, How
nearly this dream enmo to realization
has only been revealed slneo tho war.
Lincoln knew tbo danger, as was
shown by his modifications of Sow
nrd's Instructions to our minister to
Oreat Ilrltnltt. On May 4 the presi
dent notified the European govern
ments thnt tbo Union would bo main
tained by forco and Implied at least
that foreign interference was not need
ed aud would not bn tolerated.
This was u tlmo of rapid recruiting
over tbo wholo north. Washington
vvus becoming an armed camp. Even
on Sundays military preparations went
Confederatei Formally Declare War.
On May (I tho Confederate congress
formally declared, war ngnlust tho
United Slnlcs. On this day General
John A. Dlx was placed in command
of the Now York troops. It wns on
this dnto also that Arkansas went out
of tho Union. Tbo next day Tennes
see entered Into a military league with
the Confedcrnto states. Virginia form
ally Joined tho Confedefncy thnt dny.
May 8 saw Fort Smith, Ark., aban
doned by u small garrison of Federal
troops and'oecuplcd by a larger forco
of Confederates. Major Robert An
derson wns promoted to be colonel on
this day, und W. T. Sherman, tho
head of a street cor company In St.
Louis, tendered his services. The
United States revenue cutter Harriet
Lane was captured by Confederate
After nearly thrco weeks of sus
pended travel following tho Baltimore
riots tho routes through that city were
again opened up to travel. The first
shot after tho formal declaration of
war wns fired by tho Yankco In n
fight with the Confcdcrato batteries
at Gloucester Point, Va.
Capture of Camp Jaokion.
For several weeks tin re had been
going on a struggle for Missouri, nnd
on May 10 Captain Nathaniel Lyon
mode n ten strlko for the Union bv
capturing Camp Jackson, In the ou -skirts
of St. Louis It surrenderol
without the firing of n gun, iilthougi
on tho following day a street ilot o
curred In 8t. Louis botwton tho Fed
ernl troops nnd n mob, In which sev
eral were Killed or Injuied.
General llutler. who lind been In
ehnrge of the reopenliu of truffle
through Itnltlmnre, on Mn 13 occu
pied tho heights overlooking thnt city
and issued an nddress to the people.
On the samo dav a Union convention
nsi'liiblod nt Wheeling, V Vn , which
vmih the Initial step toward the forma
tion of I ho new stute.
In 1904 Andrew C. Ijirsen of Soren
ron Lnrsen of Salt Lake City, Illtih,
vnfi slowly dying of Ilrlght's Ulsenoo.
llo wns vvatorlogged having boeu
tupped twice and tho fnmlly physi
cian told his partner that "U la 'as
inipoeslbla for ttlni to recover ns it in
to empty the ocenn." Ills partner
vvus Hdvlsed to have him fix up his
nlTitirN. Tho treatment was change I
tn Fulton's llennl Compound. V fcv
i,.nnths lator, March 31, 190., patient
wns back to business, to tho xurprlso
of lib. physicians nnd everyone else
As to permnnonco vvo hnvo been
willing a few of theso cases of hcvernl
jenre ago on this point nnd no have
a line from Larsen dated February b,
Fill, from which we quote:
Yours of February 6th to hand, l
nm in perfect health and haven't had
n Mck day In many years Tno toin
pound cured mo and did it right."
How can physicians nnd nospitnis
look over those things and permit pa
tients with kidney disease to dlo on
Digitalis, Nltro Glycerine, llnshmn'B
Mixture, etc. inder which fnlluio Is
admitted by tho books Wo say tills
without qualification if physicians
who have, kidney cases will udd l'nl
ton's Renal Compound to flic boittt,
tonic nnd cllmlnatlve treatment they
ura already giving they will get re
sults In a majority of cases In which
ruiluro Is now tho rule. Honolulu
Drug Co , Ltd , Is meal ugcat. For lit-
craturo wrlto John J Fulton Co, o!5
uittlcry street, San Francisco.
ENDS WORK FOR YEAR
An Interesting program was ren
dered by the Lnupahochoo School on
the occasion of their closing exer
cises on Friday, Juno 23, commenc
ing at 8:30 a. m. Tho exercises com
menco at this early hour to allow
somo of the pupils tlmo to reach the
Manna Kca which was due at 11:30
Tho program carried out was ns fol
lows: An Opening Address.. Catherine Peter
Song "We'll Stand by tlio Flag"
Ilecltntlon "Wo Wclcomo You",.
Recitation "Tho Seasons" . .Grnilo 11
Song "Vacation's Coming"
Grades III and VII
Recitation "Wo are Happy Chil
dren" ...Grade I
Song "Juno, Lovely June"
Grades II and VII
Recitation "The Teachers Creed"
,.-'. Annie Moycr
Song nnd Rocltntloni "A Letter'
' Grado 1
Duct "Tho Husy Cariiontcr"
Valentine Marclel and Sammy
Recitation "Only Ono Mothor"'....
.'( Concao Frclta'j
Rccltntlon "Tho Girls That Aro
Wnntcd" Louis Nobrtga
Rccltntlon "Painter Boy"
"Storj of Red Riding Hood"
Dramatized by Grade I
Solo and Chorus "Silver Roii"....
Grade II and VII
"Government In tho County nnd Ter
ritory of Hawaii" Wllllo Kallno
Song "Tlio Owl nnd tho Pussy Cnt"
Main nnd Mlnnlo Aklona
Recitation "I Lovo Uttlo Pussy"
Rccltntlon nnd Song "Cnn a Llttlo
Child Llko Mo?"
..Violet Mat toon and John Rlcknrd
Poem "Vavntlon's Hero"
Song "Vacation Days Aro Horn"
Recitation "Merry School Room'
Song "Farewell lo Study nnd to
Recitation "Re In Time"
Poem "Hiawatha" Lily Mowry
8ong "lllavvntha" School
AddrcsB by Hon. II. S. Rlckard.
Farowcll Addresses.... Tho Tcacheis
Songs "Long Live Laupahoehoo,"
"Star Spangled nnnner," "Hawaii
Ponol" (by request) School
PEACE MEETING MAY
WELCOME JORDAN HERE
The comlnR to Hawaii of President'
Dnvld Stnrr Jordan of Stanford uni
versity may be made the occasion of
a gathorlnc of local pooplo Interested
In the movement or International
pence A. Lewis, Jr., president of the
Men's LcaRiie, who Is a former pupil
of President Jordan nnd will look
after his itinerary while here, nnd
tho Ilnnds-Aroiind-the-Pacino Club
will cooperate In getting n mass moot
ing, probably on August 17.
AIILD Siinduy, July 2, 1911, Miss Ag
nos Auld, Blxty-flvo years of age,
youngest dnuglitor of Andrew Auld
nnd Kamnkuknuole, at tho rosldonco
of her sister, Mrs. Mary AdauiB,
Nuuanu Viiliey. Funeral Monday,
July 3 at 2 p. m. Services Nuuanu
cemetery at 2i30 p m.
COLLINS In Honolulu, Hawaii, July
2, 1111, Susannah Roberts, wlfo of
Douglas Collins, a native of Hoy
lake, Cheshire, England, age 70
vears Resident of Honolulu for
thirl) -one years,' The funeral will
take place nt 4 o'clock this aftor
nonn from the family residence, 43
1 nerc is just mis niuui oouui it :
Dandruff is a germ disease, is
most untidy, annoying, and leads
to baldness. When chronic, it
is very stubborn, but surely
yields to thorough and energetic
treatment. All germs must be
destroyed, the scalp must be
restored to health. Here is the
remedy: Aycr's Hair Vigor.
Ask your doctor about using it.
Ayer's Hair Vigor
DOES NOT COLOR THE HAIR
frJWtV..C A.vaO.'-- Ym.,U.S,A.
Importer Fort St
Fort Stroot Ntar Borotsnla
Mrs. S. F. Zcavc,
Temporarily closed while away on
buying trip. Open again in September.
68 Young Building
1027 Nuuanu Stroot
BEGINNING JUNE 3
All tho Hats at Reasonable Prices
DRY GOODS FOR ECONOMICAL
Yee Chan & Co.
Gents' Dry Goods
KAM CH0NG CO.
Corner Fort and Beretanla 8troots
FINE LINE 0E DB7 GOODS
WAH YING CHONG
King Street, Ewa Fithmuket
FANCY DRY GOODS
78 Bsrstanla 8trot
Botween Maunakra and Smith Streets
Wing Chong Co.
KTJiti IT.. HEAS BETHKI
Dealeri in Furniture. Mattreiiei,
ttc, etc All tunas or &OA and MIS
SION FURNITURE made to order.
And Cloth of Al Quality On k
Purchased from -
HO CANDLE8S BLDQ.
P. 0. Box 961 Telephone 1731
IMPORTERS OF ORIENTAL GOODS
Wing Wo Tai & Co.
941 Nuuanu, near King Street
Fine Lint of
At the New Hardware Store
CITY HARDWARE CO.
King and Nuuanu Street
I'liire )tiur hand on the Iiuhp of
Honolulu's buxhu'SH vv orld by liolnc?
a constant reader of the nut Ad
Section of the II u 1 1 c 1 1 u.
Bishop & Company, Bankers
8. M. DAMON
Balance Sheet as
CaHi i si,08G.?;?ss
Duo from banks und bank
ers ..i 219,31322
l!onil, stocks and Invest
incntn ,,.,. 1,895,211 02
Loans, discounts nnd over
ltcnl cstato and bank fur-
nlluro ....,..'. (10,44762
Other assets 324,04103
Honolulu, T. It., June 20, 1911.
I, Allen W. T. llnllointcy, do solemnly swear that tlio foregoing Halance
Sheet represents a Into nnd correct statement of the nfTalrs of the Hanklntj
llntiBa or lllshop & Company as ut June 30, 1011, to the best of my knowledge
tiubscribed nnd sworn to before mo
J. HARRIS MACKENZIE,
Notary Public, 1st Judicial Circuit,
EVERY! TIME 'YOU TRY .
you enjoy a troat that cones with the knowing that tbo butUr
you aro eating Is absolutsty purs.
C. Q, YEE HOP & CO.,
A Strong Combination
For Summer Comfort
AN ELECTRIC FAN
AND PURE ICE
Treatment is preventative as well as curative. It dlrtots dsvsl
opmsnt in youth, Increatss strength and vitality In middle life,
and postpones "old age." '
8eUndld results are obtained both in acuta and ehronlo oaso.
173 BfeHbTANlA, comer union
HAT Is the Dee, daddy?"
daddy told them tho name of this story. Jack and Kvclyn, you
knon, ore very fond of asking questions of their daddy.
"The Dec," said father, "Is the nnmo of a river In Kneland.
On Its banks lived the miller of whom this story tells lie won the brightest
tempered, most Jolly man In nil Encland, always busy nnd always sinning
from niornlnt,' lo night nt bin work. He becanio famous throughout his part
of England for his cheerfulness so much so. In fact, that ut length even the
king heard of him. '
"Now. the king of Kngland nt that tlmo was n man who wns very sorrow
ful. Indeed, although he wns a rich and powerful klug, there were many
things tn make him sad. so when ho heard of tho Jolly miller of the Dee be
decided to go tnlslt him. to learn. If possible, why the miller was glad,
"So tho King, with all his liorxcs nnd all bis men, went to visit the miller.
Of ciiuire the miller did nut expect such company, Tho king did not let him
know he wns coining, but left Ills botsrs nnd bin men nt a llttlo distance nnd
went on foot to the mill. When he stepped near ho heard tbo miller sluglug:
"I envy nobody, no, not I, r
I'm I nm ss happy I can be, , " ;
And nobody envies me."
"Then the king Rildi 'You are wrong, my filcnd. I envy you, and.'nl-'
though I uni the king of all i:ngliind, I would gladly change places with you
"When the nilller sivv who his visitor wns ho was surprised, but ho said:
'"I could not think of changing places with you, your majesty.'
"Why now asked tbo klug. Think how rich nnd powerful I am. Hut
tell inc. iinvwii. are jou always light hearted and singing nt your work?'
"'I hnui nntlilng to make mo sad,' said tho Jolly miller, 'I cam my living
at m.v mill The tlver linns my mill wheel nnd grinds Iho grist into flour, I
love inv wife nud mj children, nnd they lovo mo Wo aro all In good health.
I Invo in m.v friends, for I do not cheat any ninn by charging him too much
or by keeping any of his flour. I do not owe nny mau n penny, so, jou see,
1 have a light to lie singing, even If 1 am uot rich or powerful.'
"Vou nre right.' said (he king. Iitrust that ou wlli always bo happy.'
"Then the king turned und walked away, thinking of tho Jolly, happy
iiiiiiiT, iiiiu mc mm tiling uu uearu as
A. W. T. BOTTOM LEY
at June 30, 1911
Capital tind surplus t 806,216 86
Due to hanks unci bankers, - 848 09
Deposits 4,898,646 80)
1 ""p; .'- u
' ", x i
. - -
ALL.UK W. T. LtOTTOMLUY.
tills 30th day of June, 1911.
T, II. jjg, tr
Electric Co., Ltd.
-Ttll Mc. Art You
f Alwtyt LKht
was the children's first question when
no left tuo river Uco vvuS'tho miller'
Wt, ifttliBu'liW i ) .