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EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H, WEDNE8DAY, JULY 5, 1911.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Both North and South Show Great Confidence Every
body Singing War Songs North Gladdened by Neu
trality Proclamation From Queen Victoria McDowell,
Thomas and Lyon Made Brigadiers Sherman and
Sheridan First Appear In the Conflict Both Sides
Eagerly Recruiting and Equipping Men Small Land
and Naval Skirmish Near Fortress Monroe Ken
tucky Governor Forbids Either Union or Confederate
Troops From Crossing His State.
By JAM A. liDCLICTON.
Copyright by American l'ress Assocl?
Hon, 1S11 J
DUltlNO tbo moiitli of May, ISM,
the clilef acthlty on liotli iililei
us lu ritrultliif, UrlUliiK nml
plaiiuliiK future cntiiimlKiis.
Llncoln'H ic-coiicl mil fur troops bid
Just been made, nml tbu Milieu Hero
busy tilling tbclr quoin. Jeifirt-oii Dn
Tin bail nisei Issued a call for men,
mid thu nclhlty In the south i us
tVtcrl.li us In tin! north. One of tbo
trune plicnvuiunn of tbo times was
tbo confidence sbuwn by botb Hide lu
tbo result. Kiu.li section professed to
bellevo Ibut tbu war would lie of sbort
duration and that Us side would, of
rourse, bo tbc winner. Nor wus all
this nsHumcd fur effect. In tbo popu
lar mind It seemed to bo a Urnily set
Yet the wur fotcr wns on. The peo
ple vriro reudltiB war, thinking wnr,
KluKlnu wnr. Jlatiy new uongs built
nround soine sentiment of the struggle
SBBSBBBBBBBBBBBBBM SBBBM' "3..t HA "4l
THIll'K MEN, AFTKUWAHD FAMOUS GKNKHALS. WHO UKCK1VHD
COMMISSIONS IN MAY, 1801-W. T. SIIEHMAN WA8 COM MI S
8IONi:Uj;OI.ONKU P. U. HHEItlDAN MAJOIt AND NATUANIKL
bad nlrendy come Into vogue. One of I
tbeso win directly tbo result of Lin
coln's second call for troops nnd In
May was Just becoming popular
Yes, we'll rally round th nac, boys.
Wo II rally onco au'aln,
Bhoutlns tho battlecry of freedom.
We will rally from the hillside.
We'll rally from tho plain,
t 6tioutlne tla bat'ltcry of freedom.
The Union forim.ri Hurrah, boys, bur-
1 Down with th traitor up with the star.
For we'll rail) round the Ami. boys,
. Tlally oiue Hkiiln.
Bhoutliu; tho butttcs-ry of fretslom.
'Roily Hound the Ping" has ft power
to stir us jet. Then iuingluo what It
must buvc meant In the recruiting
days of 18011
Tliero wag another song that I fancy
was wrlttennbout this same time. At
any rate. It camo early tu tbe wax:
We are comlne. rather Abraham,
Three hundred thousand more,
Fiom Mississippi! wlndtnff streams
And from New Knsland. shore
Wt leave our pious and workshops.
Our wives and children dear,
AMih hearts too full for utterance,
Ith but a silent tear.
Oh. we dare not look behind us.
nut steadfastly bcroroi
u Wo aro tonilnir. Fattier Abraham,
Threa hundred thousand more.
! Wo are coming. Father Abraham,
Our Union to restore
Wo ure coming. 1'ather Abraham,
Three hundred thousand more.
This suggests Ingersoll'a "Vision of
We see them all as they march proudly
away under the nauntin; nags, keeping
lima to the Brand, wild muslo of war
murchlng down the streets of great cities,
through the towns and across the prairies
down to the fields of glory to do and to
die for the eternal right
Tbe week ending May SO witnessed
no sluglo event of first class impor
tance. It was all preparation. The ap
pointment of ottlcets later to become
celebrated, tbe creation of a new mili
tary department, the reopening of Hal
tlmore to tho passage of troops en
route to Washington, thu government's
ruld on tolegriipb offices In search of
dlslojal message), tbo nssuranco that
foreign powers would, dot recognize
the Confederacy aud one slight en
gagement near 1'ortiess Monroe con
stituted tbo chief cueuts of tbo week.
' England Froclaimi Neutrality.
On May 13 Queen Victoria Issued a
proclamation of neutrality between tbe
north and south. 'The news did not
reach America until ueverul days luter.
It has Kencinll) been supposed tlittt
tbe (Ueni nctunlly hnd much to do
with piewutlm; lutcrcntlou by Un
laud Charles I'mi-cU Adtims, sou of
tbu American minister to (ircnt Brit
nlu nt tbut time, dtnles this, and In a
rue put millions before the New York
(ieiieuloKkul society reud from bit
f.itber's papers estracts to -show that
It wns really Lord I'uluivrston who
was Instrumental In picentlne Great
Ilrltnlu from UiUIhk up the muse of
tbc south. 1'iilmerston disliked Glad
stone, nnd wbeu tbe "Grand Old Man,"
who then was nut old nt nil, although
ho mny hmu been (,'nind, made bis ft
tnous speech nt New castle. In which be
said ntuoni; other tilings that Jeffer
son Dmis had mndu "a nation," Pal
merston rebuked lilm, nnd tbe pro
posed Intervention was dropped. At
this particular time Queen Victoria
wus too much engrossed with family
matters to bother nbout mere BtTiilr
of state. Does this end tbo pleasing
fiction that America has been befriend
ed by nt least one monarch? Ileal
Americans never did caro much for the
royal pretense, but when Victoria took
up our causo wc sup-toned that there
might Ik occasionally u good queen,
whatever we thought of thu raco of
kings. Itut now even this turns out a
fairy story. Napoleon III. was at this
time our nctlro enemy, seeking to
place a monarch over Mexico while
our bands wcro full and trying to get
Itussla and Kuglaud to Join Franco In
recognizing tbo Confederacy and tbua
divide the republic
Alt this came to a bead, however,
later In tbo war. It was after tbe sec
ond Hull ltun that the Palmerston
Gludstono Incident occurred. On May
13, 18U1, tbe British government
through tbo queen simply mado a dec
laration of neutrality. Later In tbe
same week dispatches from abroad In
dicated that no nation of any slio or
Importance would recognize tbe Con
federacy, at least at that time.
Enter Sherman and Sheridan.
On tho same May 13 William Tecum
sen Sherman was made a colonel In
tbo Union army. Scleral other officers
were appointed or promoted during the
week. George n. McClcllan became a
major geueial, as did also Uenjamlu F.
Ilutkr, each belug adwinccd to the
command or a department, McClellau
to that composed of Ohio and uearby
states, llutlcr to that nf ihh nowi-- ...--
atcd department of eastern Virginia,
North Carolina and South Carolina.
Tbo western end of Virginia was In
cluded In McClellan's territory, and he
was then about to begin the campaign
which should result In creating a uuw
state and In making himself the com
mander of tho Army of the Poto.nac.
Among tbo.o promoted to tho rank of
brigadier general during the week were
Irlu McDowell, who was soon to com
mand at the battlo of Hull ltun;
George II. Tlioums, later to ho known
as tbo "Itock of Chlckaiuaiiga;" Na
thaniel I. yon, who had bc-ii lighting to
bold Mlssouil "n the Union, and A. II,
Iteecler- a formei governor of Kansas.
On Mny IT tbu president commission
ed Daniel V.. Sickles to raise a division
of 10,)0il men, of which ho was to be
made mnlor gcucral.
On May II Philip II, Sheridan was
commissioned a captain lu tbe United
State arm, and mi the same diy Itob
ert i: l.eo was created u brigadier gen
eral of tbe Coufedcratu arm. May IB
Juocph H. Johnston was given coin
maml of tho southern forces In and
about Harpers Ferry.
Troops wero belug offered from all
over the north and were accepted (s
fast ns tbo war department could ban
die them. On May 14 three regiments
entered tho army from Kansas, tho
youngest state. On May ltj fourteen
icglmeuts were accepted from Now
York, and ten Scotch regiments were
olTvied. On tbe same day jachts were
actrptcd from James Gordon Bennett
nnd J. P. Ies. May 17 tb Irish bri
gade, more than TftOO strong, tendered
Its sen Ices.
Fever For Enlistment.
The popular feer for enlistment la
illustrated by the New York Quaker
merchant, who sold to one of his
"Well, friend James, Is thee willing
"1 bavo thought of It," replied the
clerk, "but hesitated becauso 1 feared
to loso my situation."
"If thee will enlist," replied the
Quaker, "not only shall tbee hate tby
situation, but tby salary shall go on
whllo theo Is nbscut. Out If thee will
not ame tby country thee cannot
stay lu this store."
That thu fighting spirit was abroad
wus Indicated by tbo fist fights all
orer the north. Wherever came a
southern sympathizer and talked about
It there an altercation followed as the
sparks fly upward. It was tbe same
below Mason and Dixon's line. One
clergyman who preached In favor of
tbo Union was given twenty-four
hours, or mu)be It was twelve, to
leave tbe state. He left. There
was not a little rough humor about It
all. "We'll bang Jeff Davis on a sour
apple tree" 'wns a popular sentiment
In tbo free states. I bao often won
dered why It was a ''sour" apple tree
he was to bo hanged on, since any
other kind would hare served, but
perhaps the "sour'' Indicated bow peo
ple' felt about It These wero fierce
days. Tbo time of fraternizing be
tween tbe "Ynnks" and "Johnnies" In
the trenches hid net jet come.
Tho tensity of feeling Is Indicated
by two events occurring on May 10.
They took placo as far apart as Mas
sachusetts and Cincinnati. The Bay
Statu legislature appropriated $3,000,
000 for tbe war, and In tho Ohio city
Dan Wen's circus waB menaced by a
crowd uutlt tbo showman pulled down
his own flag and hoisted the star and
Union troops wero rapidly being con
centrated at Portress Monroe. Early
In tbe week Geuernl Wool was order
ed to tnke command, but later General
Duller refused to serve In a subordi
nate position, so ho was placed In
charge, and Wool was transferred.
iOn Mny 20 a slight engagement took
placo opposite tbe fortress. The Con
federates were seen to be fortifying
at, Sowell's Point nnd were attacked
by tbo Star, a Potomac gunboat The
Star succeeded In silencing one of the
guns, but was herself hit Tbe Free
born then took up the attack and suc
ceeded In silencing both 'guns. The
Freeborn also captured two schooners
In tho Potomac. Two days earlier
the New Tork troops had their first
skirmish at Smith's Point, Md. Tbe
only other engagement of the week
worthy of mention occurred at Potosl,
Mo., sixty miles south of St Louis,
where some secession sympathizers
were arrested and tblr cavalry dis
persed. lyon Takei Command In Miuouri.
General Harney bad been placed in
charge of the Missouri troops and bad
Issued an address approving Lyon's
seizure of Camp Jackson, but later had
entered Into an agreement with Gen
eral Price for tbe maintenance of
peace between the state and federal
troops. Soon after he was replaced by
Considerable excitement at this time
was 'occasioned by wild reports from
Harpers Ferry. Oil May IS the Bal
timore and Ohio railroad, which pass
es through Harpers Ferry, requested
the government to take charge of its
line. Tbe next day it 'was reported
that tbe road bad been blown up at
tbut point This was denied after
ward, however, and It came out that
only ono small culvert bad been in
jured. There was also trouble with tha
malls, resulting in the gradual with-,
drawal of mall accommodations from
tbe Confederate territory. On May 14
tbo service was suspended between St
Louis aud tbe lower Mississippi, No
tice was given that other withdrawals
May 10 considerable amusement Was
created In Washington by thu return
of one of Ellsworth's zouaves from
Alexandria with a seventeen foot Con
federate flag wrapped about bis body.
It seems that he bad Invaded Vir
ginia without tbe knowledge of hi
ollkers, also without tbc knowledge of
the enemy, aud bad annexed the flag
when no one was looking.
Following tbe neutral attitude taken
by Kentucky, tbe governor of that
state on May 20 issued a manifesto
forbidding either Union or Confederate
troops crossing the state. At tbe
same time Major Itobert Anderson of
Bumtor fame was pu bis way tu Ken
tucky to take charge of recruiting Un
ion troops. i ,
Two lucldeuts of this week throw a
recullUK "l-'bt on the character of
Abrubuut Lincoln. Appeals were made
to lilm to Interfere lu tbe tuiusfer of
real eat ate In wlilih southerners were
lomemed In retaliation fur the refusal
to pa j bills to noithern creditors from
some parts of the south Llmolu re
fund, with the remurk that, what
eier iithern dld.'hu could not afford to
do wiong Hn Ma) II) the president
twin linked iiipture b) pusslug tbe
(.'oulc derate pit kits on thu Virginia
side uf thu I'utouiuc.
COAST HEARS OF
But Alleged Letter From Him
Must Have Given Wrong
Tho Snii rrnnclsco Call recently
printed n story that Clarence Wnlker
the aviator, has mado two highly suc
cessful nights In the islands, nnd evi
dently. Is not Informed of the fact yet
that Walker has not even attempted
to fly In 'Honolulu, owing to tho llllo
accident. The Call's Information, It
would seem, Is bused on u letter from
Walker himself to friends on tho
Coast. Tho Call says:
Clarence II. Walker, tho joung San
Mateo aviator, has mado two highly
successful flights In the Hnwnllnn Is
lands, where bo Is commencing an
extended tour of the Fur East with
the Continental Aviation Company,
Limited. The news of these flights
received yesterday dispelled tbe fears
of his friends who had heard rumors
of a serious accident during bis llllo
exhibition about n week ngo.
Wnlker's letter statea that great en
thusiasm nnd Interest are shown in
aviation In the Ulands, und that
enormous crowds attended botb the
Honolulu and llllo flights The party
is being entertained royally nnd many
dinners have been arranged In, their
honor. Before leaving Honolulu tho
officers of the Honoluhin, on which
the party sailed from San Francisco,
gave a supper for the at tutors.
Tho Bloriot machines which will be
used by D. Masson, the other mlator
of the party, have nrrlved und will be
set up In tho Islands. Walker's bi
plano, which was slightly damaged
In the Hlio meet, has been repaired
and Is again ready for flights.
After spending n few nioro months
in the Islands, the party will leno for
Australia, where Dexter P. Dorgan,
formerly manager of Hubert Latham,
who Is advance man for the company,
has signed soma big contracts.
Will Lengthen Wilder Avenue
Siding Clear To
The Superintendent 1 nf Public
Works has received 'from tlie man
agement of the llupld Transit Com
pany plans for a number of proposed
extensions and Improvements to the
company's service In tho'clty. In ac
cordance with tho necessity of meet
ing tho Increased demands that are
being made on the company lines, it
is planned to put in'tleveriil thousand
feet of siding. Approval is nsked
for 720 feet of siding on Ileretantn
nenun between Miller and Kmma
strcetB. An extension Is planned on
Lunnlllo avenue between Kaptolaut
nnd Ernest street, which would muko
that siding 1030 feot in length. On
Wilder avenuo tbe siding would be
lengthened from Kecaumoku on to
I'unahou street, making this siding
1606 feet In length, and putting tin
end to tbo existing delays.
With tha larger sidings which tho
company will build, many of tho pres
ent delays and wnlts at tho switches
will bo aolded.
Governor Announces Men
Who Will Serve On
Governor Frear has announced tho
personnel of the now Doard of Har
bor Commissioners provided for by
act of the last Legislature. The men
who will servo on tbe board are
James Wnketleld, F. 11. McStocker,
Emll A. Uerndt and C. J. McCarthy.
Marston Campbell, as Superintendent
of .Public Works, will -be chairman
ex-ofllcio of the Doard.
The new board will have control of
tho expenditure of a largo sum of
money for new wharves and landings
throughout the Territory provided for
in the loan fund bill. Of this money
the Commlsslonors will bae $350,000
to expend in Honolulu harbor and
$200,000 at llllo und smaller amounts
for other portions of the Territory.
Tl)e commission will huo the ap
pointment of a clerk and 'will nlso
huo absolute control over the ap
pointment of all pilots, harbormasters
and other omploes in tho harbor service,
TO CURE A COLO III ONE DAY
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine
Tablets. All druggists refund
the money if it fails to cure.
E. W. Grove's signature is on
each box .
FAK1S UED1CIMB CO, St. Lou U, B. A.
All run down, easily tired, nerv
ous? And do not know, what
to take? Then 120 direct to
your doctor. Ask his opinion
of Ayer's Sarsaparilla. It con
tains no alcohol, no stimulation,
and is a blood purifier, a nerve
tonic, a strong alterative, an aid
to digestion. Ask your doctor
'about Ayer's non-alcoholic Sar
saparilla as a strong tonic for
tmtnt b Of. I. C Air k U, tmlt. Mm , U. y.
Importer Fort St
Fort Street Nsar Bsrttanla
Mrs. S. F. Zeave,
Temporarily cloisd while away en
buying trip. Open again in Septsmbsr.
68 Young Building
' 1027 Nuusnu 8trt
BEGINNING JUNE 3
All the Hats at Rsasonablar Prises
DRY GOODS FOR ECONOMICAL
Yee Chan & Co.
Gents' Dry Goods
KAM CHONG CO.
Corner Fort and Bsretanla Streets
FINE LINE OF DRY Q00DS
WAH YING CHONG
King Street, Ewa Fiihmarket
i . 'i i
FANCY (TRY GOODS
78 Bsretanla Street
Between Maumtkea and Smith Streets
xna it- hzai Mini
Detlen in1 Furniture, Kattreuei,
to., eto. All' kind of KOA and Mil
HON FDEN1TUEE made to order.
And Oloth of Al Qnality Cnta
M0 0AN0LE8S BUM, ,
F. 0. Box 801 Telephone 1731
IMPORTERS OF ORIENTAL Q00D8
Whig tyo Tar& Co.
oi fluuanu, near lung Btrm
i t PHONE 1020
tie Line of
At the New Hardware Store
CITY HARDWARE CO.
King and Nimanu Street
l'l'icc your 'liiiinl on the iiulsc of
Honolulu's bujftliH-HN world by being
ii constant render of Hie Want Ad
Bishop & Company, Bankers
8. M. DAMON
Balance Sheet as
AB8F.T8. , 1
Cash $1,086,777 SD.Capltal and surplus $ 966,216 86
Due from banks and bank
Bonds stocks nnd invest
ments .., , 1,895,24102
Loans, discounts nnd over
Real estate and bank fur
Other assets 324,041.03
Honolulu, T. II., Juno 30, 1911.
I, Allen W. T. ISottomley, do solemnly swear that the foregoing Balance
Sheet represents a true and correct
llouro of Bishop & Company as at June
Subscribed and sworn to beforo me
3. HAItniS MACKENZIE,
Notary Public, 1st Judicial Circuit,
Henry Waterhouse Trust Co.,
Statement of Condition, June 30, 1911
Cash on hand and In bank..$ 88,708 67
Real estate 29,074 18
Stocks and other Investments 47,306 23
Mortgages secured by real
citato 66,493 60
Loans, demand and time .... 346,076 68
Furniture and fixtures ...... 4,000 00
Accrued Interest receluble. 3,027.66
Territory of Hawaii
City and County of Honolulu)
I, A, N. Campbell, Treasurer of the Henry Waterhouse Trust Co , Ltd , ,
do solemnly swear that.the above statement Is true to the best of my
knowledge, nnd belief.
A. N. CAMPBELL.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 1st day of July, A. D. 1911.
Notary Public, First Judicial Circuit
But It's Hot
Of course it is, and it'll STAY
But there's no reason why YOU
A cold bottle of
IJHY not begin now and buy
" MEATS where attention is
paid to Selection, Sanitation and
Service. We offer the best in all
lines, and satisfaction is certain.
Metropolitan Meat Market
HEILBRON LOUIS, Proprietor!
A. W. T. BOTTOM LEY
at June 30, 1911
Due to banks and bankers.
Deposits 4,898,646 86
SG.86S.711 81 '
statement of tho affairs of tho Banking
30, 1911, to the best of my.knowledgu
ALLEN W. T. BOTTOMLBT.
this 30th day of June, 1911,
Subscribed 1200,000 00
60 paid In 1100,000 00
bility 100,000 00
UndMded prollts 93,686 44
Trust and agency accounts.. 394,012.26
Other liabilities 853.71
will make things lovely.
ORDER A CASE
(Section of tlni Bulletin.
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