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) ,r . 12 tVCNINQ BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H., TUESDAY, JULY 11, 1911.
WW? V TH """ '' il .. ,1
tOC T'X Jra VHE KEYSTONE
I WAhiml TO HEALTH III
e iks;ji - y-c.ii-5Msia2wji m
5 . ISSiilay In 4 0l tli. lite
S ALL EYEGLASSES
tiro nul Hhur-niis, ccu though
they are IIiiK'T pl'cu inmilitlligx
Tho superior met hanloul cull
strmtlon or tin' Nhur on iihmii
comfort, durability iitnl clllel
Ds Sun You Got Sliur-on
A. N. Sanford,
Boston Building Fort Street
Over May & Co.
Our new stock of albums cm
braces those bound In seal, burnt
leather, cloth and cardboard.
Full lino of sizes and new
Preserve your pictures by put
ting them In an album.
Honolulu Photo Supply
FORT STREET, NEAR HOTEL
PLACE CARDS AND FAVORS
Nmol designs nml artistic conceits
faithfully executed. Tho iirlccs nro
Arts & Crafts Shop
Alexander Young Building
IN COPLEY PRINT!
PACIFIC PICTURE FRAMING CO,
1030 Nullum Street
Successors to Shaw & Seville
KING STREET, NEAR ALAKEA
Phone 3085 P. O. Box 491
Cheapest and best.
Will not taint water.
Waterproof and time-defying.
Requires no coating for many
Can be used on flat or steep
Lewers & Cooke.
177 8. KING STREET
CHICKENS TURKEYS GEESE
FORT STREET PHONE 1109
The BICYCLE SEALER and RE
FAIRER, hu moved to
180 KINO STREET
New location Red front, neax
Young Building. Telephone 2518.
Fine Line of
At the New Hardware Stort
CITY HARDWARE CO.
U King wd Nuuanu Street - "
'THE STOMACH IS THE rEASU RE
OF YOUR HEALTH."
If there is any stoinaoh(
weakness or Malarial (lit.-,
orders try the Bitters at
once. Its icbiilts aie cci
Rugs & Draperies
J. liopp & Co., Ltd.
OAHU FURNITURE CO.
King Street, opposite Young Hotel
I (1. Ilox SIO Phono 3083
Importer Fort St
I Fort Street Near BeretanU
New Stylish Hats
Summer styles in millinery at par
BOSTON BUILDING, FORT 8TREET
Mrs. S. F. Zeave,
Temporarily closed while away on
buying trip. Open again In September.
63 Young Building
1027 Nuuanu Street
BEGINNING JUNE 3
All the Hats at Reasonable Prices
DRY GOODS FOR ECONOMICAL
Yee Chan & Co.
Gents' Dry Goods
KAM CH0NG CO.
Corner Fort and Beretanta Streets
FINE LINE OF DRY GOODS
WAtl YING CHONG
King Street, Ewa Fishmarket
Wing Chong Co.
KINO IT.. NEAR BETEXL
Dealers in Furniture, Mattreiiei,
etc., etc. All kind of KOA and Mil
EI0N FURNITURE made to order.
And Cloth of Al Quality Can to
M0 0ANDLESS BLDQ.
P. 0. Box 961 Telephone 1731
IMPORTERS OF ORIENTAL GOODS
Wing Wo Tai & Co.
941 Nuuanu, near King Street
THt GREAT DENJAMIN COMPOUND
Cures the hldnos.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Military Activities Increase on Both Sides Federal
Troops Cross Potomac, and Confederates Begin Mass
ing at Manassas Colonel Ellsworth's Assassination
Stirs the North Grant, an Obscure Ex-Captain of the
Old Army, Makes Application For a Commission His
Wonderful Subsequent Career and His Character
Analyzed John C. Fremont Becomes a Major General,
While Grant Acts as a Clerk Butler Coins His Fa
mous Phrase, "Contraband of War."
ny JAMLS A. LDCLUTON.
(Copyright by American lTess Associa
tion, 1911 j
tho time of actual nrinctl cnu-
tllct drew hear military uctlu-
s on liotli sides Increased.
Trunin were pouring dally liitn
Washington nml Richmond nml were
being massed nt cumcnlont points
nlong thu border, llolli combatants
wctu facing mucli tho snmo illlllcul
ties. Knrh had to crcato nn tinny mill
immense o.n.ajs oi v r ,.,,
HI l'(JIUl ll'l'U HI HI Ul 111 IIHiiiimm w
thousands of fighting men. It was n
supremo test for both, n test that 111
the etui weakened tho north nnd left
the south exhausted.
The week ending May 27 saw the
first dellnlte iiiovements of troops from
the two capitals. 10,000 lYdcrals
crossing Into Virginia nml occupying
Alexandria tuiil Arlington nud r,,OO0
Confederates concentrating at Muuas-
i . t h ,..-
OLYBSfH H. nllANT, WHO AITLTKU Tall COII
UIH.SION IN AltUY XIAT 24, 1BC1.
sas. Theso were tho beginnings of
thu two nrmlcs that on July 21 fought
the Unit battlo of Hull ltun. Other
Impoitntit developments of the week
were tho Recession of North Carolina
on May 21; tho popular voto on se
cession In Virginia, May 22; tho as
sassination of Colonel Kllsworth, May
21; thu first application of Ulysses H.
Grant for n command on the xituiu
date: tho nuiKiimcfincut on May 20
that In live days tho mull senlco to
tho seceded states would bo cut olT; the
I'nloii uprising In western Virginia;
tlio commissioning of John C. Fre
mont us major gener.il nnd thonppotnt
ment of General Irvln McDowell to
head tho iirmy of tho l'otniniir on May
27; a No on that day tho meeting of
tho border states convention. During
this week General Itutlcr took com
mand at Portress Monroe, pushed his
troops forward to Newport News uml
refused to return fugitive slaves on
thu ground that they wero "contraband
of wnr." Tho ciiiniialcti was now be
ginning to nssiimu form on both sides, !
Border States Retained. j
Tho going out of North Cnrolltm wns j
not uuexpectisi. wiwu voting ror mo
Union Up to thu llrlug on l'ort Sumter
nnd Lincoln's call for troops, these two
events, ns In tho enso of Virginia, turn
ed her In n day. Tho boundaries of
the Confederacy wero now certainly
dellned. Whllo the pcoplo of Tonnes
scu did not formally ratify secession
until Inter, It was admitted on nil
sides that shu was out of the Union,
making elceu seceded stntes lu nil.
As for thu bonier states, Maryland,
Kentucky, Missouri nnd the part of
Virginia west of tho mountains, the
north hail won her battle to hold them.
During this very week tho border
states comcntluu met nt l'raukfort
with John J. Crittenden In thu chair.
Only Kentucky nnd Missouri wero rep
resented, hut the preponderance of
hcutluiuut wns distinctly for the Union.
Tho peoplo of western Virginia wero
nlrendy moving for separntlon from
tho Old Dominion, nnd General Mc
Clellau wus preparlug to throw his
troops across tho river from Ohio. As
for Maryland, sbo had again become
quiet, and troops were passing through
lliilllmoro without molestation nnd
wero oven being cheered.
Thcro was still to bo tfoublo In Mis
souri, Including ouo campaign In the
summer of 1"U1 nnd giietilll.i warfare
throughout tho contest. During this
very weuk, on May 22, n mob nt SL
Joseph toro down thu stars and snipes.
Whllo thcro wus little of tho spec
tacular In tho holding of the bonier
states, It counted for muro to tho north
than the winning of many battles.
Ilnd Maryland, Kentucky nml Missou
ri seceded, who can tell tho outcome of
jt a. ,. t r
.. u & c-
; ' - J,
Zm IsbbbbbQw. H
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Bomo of the more rndlcnl nntl-slnv-ery
men nt tho north worn disposed to
crltlclso Mr. Lincoln for not Inking n
bolder stand ngnhist slnvrry In the
beginning of the war. Hut Lincoln
fneed this very problem of tho border
states nml In the light of subsequent
events history glos him full credit
for having liiiiidleil n dlfllcult slttin
tlon In n most prudent nml states
On May 22 tho people of Virginia
V()U,d on Ul(J on,n:mce of PPCOon.
wll0 m t,oll wns ()t ,ltvyi u ,,
utrougly In fnvor of tho proposition
east of the mountains nml ns emphat
ically the other wny In what Is now
Union Troops Cross Potomac.
Immediately following this election
tho Union troops began to innvo for
ward nil along tho line, Geuernl But
ler assuming command In tho ex
treme oast, General McClclIun In tho
west, General l'nttctson with his
rentisylvnnhi soldiers preparing to nt
tack Ilnrpers Kerry nnd tho mnln
Isidy of troops, forming tho Army of
the Potomac, crossing the river from
Washington. This movement started
on the night of May 2.1, nml the next
day there wero 10,iO Ikij In blue on
tho Virginia side of tho river, chiefly
nt Alexandria nnd Arlington. General
Sandford wns first In command. Issu
ing n proclamation to the peoplo of
Virginia, hut on May 27 ho was kuii
plantcd by General Irvln McDowell,
who Inter was to light In both of tho
battles of Hull ltun nml who was to
retain command of the Army of tho
I'otomuc until supplanted by McClellan.
One tragic Incident nttended this
transfer. Colonel 13. Kliner Kllsworth
with his 1,200 firemen zouaves wns or
dered to occupy Alexandria. Seeing
n Confederate flag iljlng over tho
Marshall House, Ellsworth entered
tho hotel nml nsked n hjatander whose
(lug It wns. Tho man, who nfterwnrd
turned out to lio Jnckson, tho proprie
tor, fnld ho did not Know. Ellsworth
thereupon mounted to tho roof, took
down tho Hag, wrapped It about his
Isxly nnd descended, only to bo shot
dead by Jnckson, who wns lurking lu
n dark corner of tho hall. The nssas
Bin wns Instantly killed by ono of tho
soldiers accompanying 111 colonel.
Ellsworth Hero of the Hour.
Tho deed sent n wnvo of grief nnd
Indignation over tho north. Kllsworth
became thu hero of tho hour. I sup
pose moro babies wero nnmed for him
than for nny other national Idol, ex
cept four or llvo of our greatest presi
dents nnd Henry Clny. Kllsworth wns
given tin Imposing funeral In New
York city, nnd n regiment wns Hindu
up In his honor, composed of ono man
from each town In tho Emptro Hlnte.
At tho tlmo of his death Colonel Klls
worth wns twenty-four yenrs old. Ho
had nsplred to West Point, but poverty
prevented. Managing to procuro nn
education, however, ho studied law;
but. military nrdor getting the best of
him, he organized n company of
zouaves In Chlcngo nnd trained them
to such elllcluncy thnt they gained
prizes throughout tho lahd. Kllsworth
was nn anient supporter of Lincoln
ami accompanied him cast. At tills
tliuo he plauucd a reorganization of
John o. ritEMOST, made MAJOti-oTNEJiAi.
IV '11 1HC1.
UAr !i7, 18CI,
tho militia. Whcu tho first call for
troops cunio Kllsworth hastened to
Nuw York aud organized his fnmou
zouaves from tho Now York firemen.
In tho uxcilcil stato of tho northern
mind the romantic character of Klls
worth, his youth, bis gallant deed and
tho manner of his death cnught tin)
popular Imagination. Pot hups we are
till beiitlmeiitallsts nt bottom, nnd this
tragedy, lllco thu tiring on the tl.ig at
Sumter and tho mass.icto of Muss-i
chtisetts troops lu ltalllmoru on the nil
ulersary of the battlo of l.exlngtoii,
appealed to this Intent buulluicut.
Grant Applies For Commission.
On the wimo day that Kl'sworlh
u.is shut mi unknown evurmy cup
tain woiklog lu his father's le.ithet
htoio nt Galeti.i. III., upplled to Sccrc
lar of War Cameron for ti commis
sion In the Union army. Ho tuodestl)
ft'lhiafcfrsalll&ilf i tli-fr i -'
nlil ho thought ho could command n
regiment, ns ho hail fouitht nlrendy In
tho Mexlcnn war nml scncil In n !'
clllc post. Afterwnnl ho had resinned
nnd funned It for nwhlle, finally srav
ItntliiR Into tho leather ftoro becauso
lie had tint inndo out on the farm he
called "Hardscrnhhlo." The name of
this man was UIjkkcs H, Grant. He
Afterward got his commission through
tho lnllitenco of Itepresenlnllvp nihil
It. AVnshlmrne. On this particular
2 It li of May poor (irant was serving
ns n nort of cxtrn clerk In tho outer
olllco f tho adjutant general of Illi
nois, lie knew many things, hut was
stoop shouldered nnd almost shabby;
henco wns rated by his outwnrd np
penrance rather than by tiny Inwnrd
nptltude. liod knew him. nml perhaps
In n dim wny lie knew himself.
To us (Jrnnt Is known as tho Bllent
man. To his Intimates In Oalenn be
fore tho outbreak of tho war he was
anythlug but silent lie could talk
ocntnAT, josr.ru r- jounstox, rAUocn
CONrKDHRATK LEAPRK, WHO ON MAX 17,
1801, TOOK COMMANII OF lOHCEH IN AMU
ABOUT llAIU'EIIS FEIIIIV.
long nnd Interestingly. Moreover,
when ho did glvo way to loquacity ho
had Information nnd Ideas to Impart.
As nn Instance, hu once presided out
n wnr meeting In Galena. Instead of
Indulging In tho bombast nnd froth of
tho nveragu speaker of the day. mis
called eloquence. Grunt got down to
brass tacks, talked about the actual
hardships tho soldiers would have to
undergo, hut still convinced them that
It wns worth while. Superficial (icoplo
could not mcasuro such a man, but
history has measured him at least In
Yenrs ngo I met nn old mnn who
pnld thnt whllo on nn Ohio river steam
boat early In tho wnr ho had observed
nn army olllccr of striking appearance.
Tho thing thnt distinguished 'dm wns
tho mnnner In which ho closed his
mouth. This friend, who wns n rath
er keen observer of men, said ho hud
never seen n mnn shut his mouth so
liard. Ho was so struck Hint ho In
quired tlm ofllcer's iinnio nnd wns told
It wns Grant, though it wns not till
yenrs Inter that ho Idcntlllcd him with
tho fuinous general.
Personally 1 cannot get over n pecul
iar feeling In regard to Grant, n feel
ing thnt 1 hold for no other Aincrlcntis
except Lincoln nnd Thomas Paine. I
cannot explain It wholly, nnd yet I
cannot ntguo It nwny. It Is Hint
Grunt wns u grenter man than nny of
us have yet understood. 1 never snw
li 1 tn. wns not Impressed by Ids politi
cal nssoclntlotis and heard most of the
derogatory things said nhout lilm a
quarter of u century ngo. Yet tho feel
lug for him grew. It was nt tlrst
vague, but with tho pnssngo of tlmo
hns becomo moro definite It wns thnt
Grant truly belonged to tho family of
great souls; thnt ho had n supremo
work to do nnd did It. Ornnfa fame
Is of tho stuff thnt will stand tho ncld
test of centuries.
Wnr Is a stern winnower thnt sep
arates human chaff 'from wheat. On
Muy 24, 1801, Grant In tho- eyes of
men wns n nobody. Hundreds of
thousands of his Inferiors mndo moro
show nnd moro noise. Tho wnr wind
blew, nnd tho fnmo of theso went with
It, but that of Grant-remained. Grant
never rould make money, hut neither
could Lincoln, neither could most of
tho Bupreuicly great men In history.
Tremont Made Major General.
Whllo Grnnt wns trying for even ft
small chnnco to glvo his military ox
pciienco to tho country John O. 1'ro
raotit, who hud been tho Itepubllcnu
candidate for president flvo yenrs ear
lier, wns appointed n major general.
Great liopes wero entcrtnlned for his
future, llo had been u notablu en
gineer nnd explorer, tho , respected
standard bearer of n new cause that
later liud succeeded, nnd ho was the
Bon-ln-law of Thomas II. Denton. Yet
Fromnnl's mllltnrv servlco added lit-
tlo to his prestige. Truly war is a
bluer ui iiii-ii.
This week snw little nctunl lighting,
except n skirmish nt Arlington bo
twuen homo New York troops nnd a
few Confederates and n handful of
prisoners taken nt Alexandria. Yet It
ended notably. On May 27 occur led n
cluster of events of first clnss Impor
tance. That was tho day on which
Fremont's ndwtnceinont wns announc
ed, llkcwisu that on which definite
news eiimo that tho western end of
Vhglnlu wns determined to break
nwny nnd on which thu Now York
Herald namod It "Now Virginia." On
that day Puller's men took Newport
News nnd McDowell wns made head
of tho Army of tho Potomac. On that
day the newspapers announced that
the end uf May would seo the discon
tinuance of southern mulls. On that
day tho border states convention met.
Most fateful of nil, on that day cunio
news that tho Coufcderato troops
wero concentrating ut Muuussas.
. !' JtaEP .stLaaaaak
I i-ikiitf1tllrlnV-1 f I titTMu iBlfctIi
aaal I "
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Bottled In Bond
JULES PEHCHARDS & FILB'
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We Delivor to Any Part of the City
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101 IALI AT ALL BAM
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Yon'U find they're all good fcl
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Hotel nr. Fort D. H. Davies, Proa
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KING AND NUUANU STREETS
..For the BEST RENT CARS In the
city, ring up
OLDSMOBILE, No. 40S
RENAULT, No. 404
LANDAULET, No. 580
C. H. BEHN
Pioneers and Leaden in
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Agonta for suck woll-known cars
s Packard, Pope-Hartford, Stevens
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A natural method of recovery from
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BARON SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL
Phons 2467 or call at 176 8. King St.
WINES AND LIQUORS
Wc deliver to any part of the
Phone 2026. P. 0. Box 488
Geary Street, above Union Squste
Juit oppoul. ligitl St. Frsncls
European Plan S1.60 a day up
American Plan $3.00 a day up
Steel and brick structure, furnish
ings cost $200,000. High chiss
hotel at moderate rates. Omnibus
meets all trains and steamers
Hotel Stewart now recognized as
Hawaiian Island headquarters.
Cable address, "Traweta" A. II. C.
Code. Reservations made through
Trent Trust Co., Fort Street.
Hotel St. Francis
Union Square, San Francisco
Under the Management of
IMJ the hr.iutlful park
In the heart of the city,
which Is lite I lua I re of
the principal ctents of
the famous fcsthals of Saa
Fr.iiicNcii, this hotel, In en
vlronnirnt nnd atmosphere, ex.
presses most plcasiinlly the
comfortable spirit vl old t'al
Ifornla. The royalty and noMIII; ei
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assemble here contribute to the
cosmopolitan ntniospbrre of ni
Institution which represent
Iho hospitality and Indlrldunl
II) of gnu Francisco to the
The building, which marks
Die farthest nihnnce of science
In urn Ice, lias now the largest
capacity of any hotel slructnre
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tion of Iho Post street nnnei
will he Iho largest caruranserj
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WHIM: TDK SERVICE IS UN.
USUAL, T1IK PH1CE8 AHE
European Plan from $2.00 Up
KPIIND YOl'Il VACATION WItnRK
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tug niiAUTiruL, hai.eiwa
Rooms and Board
F I N
Regal Shoe Store
BANZAI SHOE 8TOPE
Bsr.tanla Street, Near Nuuanu
HONOLULU, H. T.
ALGAROBA BEAN MILLS
ONE SECOND.HAND STANDARD
GASOLINE ENGINE, 16 H. P.
1494 EMMA STREET T.l.phon. 243S
E. O. HALL & SON, LTD.
Cor. King and Fort St., HONOLULU
Hardware, Paints and Oils, Ship
chandlery, Stoves, Crockery, Glassware
and Kitchen Utensils) Sporting Goods,
Guns, Revolvers and Ammunition,