Newspaper Page Text
EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, 111., THURSDAY? JULY 13, 1911.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Southern Ports Blockaded Four Federal Annies March
Against Virginia Confederates Hold Harpers Ferry,
Concentrate at Manassas and Form an Important
Army In the West McClcllan's Troops Engage and
Ront thp Enemy at Philippi June 3, With Slight
Losses on Each Side Harpers Ferry Retaken.
Jefferson Davis Arrives In Richmond, New Confed
erate Capital Death of Stephen A, Douglas, Stanch
Dy JAMI i A. LDCEH.TUN.
tCopyrlglit by American Pretu Asiocla-
Till: ciul of Miiy, 1SC1, saw Im
portant moicmenti under foot
m IhUIi sides. In n general
way tlio Union campaign em
braced the blocLadc of southern ports
is the naval fontnro niul four differ
rnt nnnlei encamped on tlic edge of
A'lrghil.1 or marching toward that
state on latul, ono under General ltut
ler nt Forticss Monroe, n cec-ond un
der (icucral Mi Don ell lit Arlington
mid Alexandria, another under (!en
cnil l'littcrsou iii:irclilnji through
1oiiiih. Ivnul.i tonutd Harper Terry
mill the Init nniler (lener.il Model
Inn marching on (irnflon, In woMcrn
Virginia. In tlie writ I hero mm nil
nrmy concentrating tit Cnlro, with tho
objective of MciupliK anil another at
St. Louis. Thero Vtero nlco IhnIIo-i of
troops nt Washington, llaltlmore ami
l A.'-.. .. -"'.'. , ' . zsr& -- - i
. -jj -j- . jri.Tgny
EAIU.X I'ICTI It
-'j J30 j&s J fei - 'mfT
II.Y I'ICTI UK OK I'HKSIHENT .TKKKKHSON DAVIS OK TUB COX-
,!i!!.K:!!At'y IIIS UOMi: ls i"imon and r-Zatkiiousi: oc-
JUI'II-.D AH CO.VKKDKUATi: CAl'ITOh Dl'ltING TIIK WAIt.
other cities of tho nmih, wlilili eio
recruiting, ilrllllug niul prepaUiii; to
go to tho fiont.
On the part : tho mull) tho plan of
campaign was laigely defensive. (!en
oral Johnston with nn army was at
Harpers Kerry, another body if troops
,was concentrating at .M'liinssas, and a
.third important army was forming lu
thu west. Itlcliniond was a gteat
en nip and drill ground, with new men
nrrhlug almost dally. Smaller bantU
were Htutloueil at vailous points along
tho bolder. Ono small nrmy was near
Grafton, In wlnt Is now West Vir
ginia. Considering that only ono
month nnd u half had elapsed slii'-o
tlio tiring on Sumter, events were
moving wllh great rapidity,
McCIclIau Occupies Grafton,
Tho chief occurrences of tho wee's
ending Juno a wcro tlie occupation of
Oruflon by McClellan's troops and tho
surprise nnd lout of tho Confederates
nt l'hlllppl, about twenty miles dis
tant; tho march of tho I'ennsjlraiiln
soldiers from I'lilladelphfa lo Cbam
bersburg on their way to Hiirper.s
Kerry, the light between tlio Union
gunboats mid Confederalo batteries nt
Aipilu creek, the obstruction of tho
Itallliiioro nnd Ohio railiond at Ilnr
jpers Kerry, thn'Miperscdlns ot Gen
eral Iliunoy by Genctnl I.you nt Ht.
Louis, tho iinlval of Jefferson Dm Is
nt ltlchmond, tho decision of tlin I'ed
oral government to uphold General
llutler's ucjlou in making captured or
runaway slaves "contraband of war."
tho bklnulsli nt Fairfax Court House,,
tho leslgnntlon of rnymasler Jnmes
Longslreot from tho United States nr
my, tho commissioning of N. I'. Hanks
is major general nnd tho death or
Kennlor Stephen A. Douglas.
McClellan's troop crossed Into Vir
ginia (now West Vlrclnlni from Wheel
lug, llcllnlr nnd Marietta, concent in I
lug first nt I'mkcisburg mid then niov
Inn by mil to Grafton, which lmpor-
taut Junellon point they look without
llrlng n gun. rrom his Ohio head
tp.ru ten McClcllaii hnil on Jlnj 1MI Ii
viiiil ii proiliinmtioii lo the t'ulon men
of western Vligluli, ndUslug tliein
Hint he would throw his troops neroxs
the river ami aikltig them lo rally to
the mipport of the hum anil Mrlpe.
MiC'Icllau In his memoirs xtateit (hat
lie look this ailloii without any direct
authorization from Washington, ex
rept such as was ronl.ilni'd In tlio
assignment of western Virginia to his
The Fight nt rhilipni.
On May CO the Union troops occupied
(Iraflon, nnd on Juno o (lenorul Mor
ris and Colonels Kelly, Dimiout nnd
Lander after n rapid march encounter
ed the Coufoilornles, "..(HM strong, at
l'hlllppl. The attnek was iniiilo In the
early nmruliig while the foe still idept.
I The Confederates, being assaulted from
gsg?-,t.t.ii V i ";
two sides nt once, wero compelled to
llee, leaving 700 stand of arms, ammu
nition nnd other Mippllcs, among the
le.sl being a number or horses. Only
a fow soldiers were Killed. Colonel
Kelly was soicioly wounded, but re
covered. This was the beginning of
tlie campaign that drovo tho Confed-
ernles out or the western end or Vlr
I glnla iftnl ultimately tnado of that nee
j tloh a new stato siipiiortlng the Union.
I lu tho early part of the war much
I of the popular lute! eat centeied lu
I Hnrvers Kerry- This may h.iiu been
because of John lirown's dual htand
1 tlieio or becauso of the national ar
son il or on account of tlio strategic
I Importune of tho place as a station on
tho llaltlmoro and Ohio railroad com
I iiiiiuillujt tho entrance lo thu fertile
I Shenandoah i alley. Whatever tho rca-
! s the cry of tho north was to retako
Harpers 1'eriy. Tho Confederrtles evi
dently had as high an opinion or ll.i
linpoitaiice, for no sooner had Vir
ginia decided lo go out of the Union
than n body ot stato hoops moved on
the place, whereupon llio Kedeial com
mander, with Ids handful of men,
burned tho arsenal and rctreHted.
On May 'J'J several leglnieutu or
Pennsylvania troops started toward tho
ferry, nirhlug on tho Willi nt Cham
beisburg, where they halted for i
time, uwalllng llio bringing up of the
lest of their foiccs. It was tho up
proicli or these troops and others from
Washington that two weeks Inter
caused the ConTedernles to evacuate.
Water Tight at Aquia Creek.
On May III mid ngnln on Juno 1 f,ev
end Union gunboalH the Freeborn.
Anacostla, I'nwueo nnd Itesolnte bdni
bardeil tho Confederulo liatlcrlci erect
isl nt the mouth of Aiiila creek, llfty.
II mi miles below Washington. This
ereek Hows Into tho Potomac, and lit
Its mnulli was then tho terminus ilf u
rulh'ii-d fimii Itiehmond which formed
pint of the throucli routo from the
yTT'y- j. -j!-m "tt r J'rZWmt--r
south to r-eiv iork. Heciuw of Itx
strategic position the southern tloops
had gathered here In some folio. Oil
both days tlio gunboats reported thai
they had sllcntcil the batteries hut
did not attempt to land troops to hold
the position, rearing that they would
he attacked In turn liy n Miucrlor force
Davis Arrives In IUclimor.d.
Up to Ihli litre the Confederate rap.
Hal li.ul hcen In Montgomery When
VlrKlnlt "cided then' w.is an Insist
flit c.-dl tint the ImvIr golrrnmeut
should he returned to Itlchmoml sit
thai It could bo III Clu.-e touch with tlio
war, the llrrcit mrt or which would
naturally he waged ulong llro Imnlent
of Vlir.lnla. On Mny 'J! Mr, Davli nr
tiled In Klchtnond. nuild scenes or
enthusiasm Hint enn bo Imagined,
r.lght days later tli" forces of Virginia
were rornvilly turned over lo tlio Con
federacy, nnd lieiH-pfnrlh till llc end
or tlio war the Virginia capital was
the seat of government. On May 21
the Confederate congress ndjourneil to
meet In Illehntond on tlio 2nth or July,
sn flint Mr. Davis' tnoio was only In
olM'dlcnco to that nctloii,
Tlio house occupied by P.iTli In
Itlcliniond Is still stnndlug nnd In now
n war museum. It Is only a block or
two rrotn tlio rnpltol building, tlio
Conrcderatc congress occupying tlio
old Virginia slntcliouc. ltlchmond
now became not only (ho center nt the
south's activity, but tlio objective of
the north's attack. It wns probably
tlrceley lu tho Trlhtino who started the
cry "On to Itlcliniond!" At thlstlmo
uorlhern men bclleiod It onlyn"mat
tcr of weeks until n northern nrmy
should mnrch Into tho Confederate
capital. No one foresaw- tho rlvern of
blood that would Ik shed In tho nt
tempt to rcallzo this dream.
Stephen A. Douglas Dies.
Tho week ended lu n sad blow.
Slum tho llrlng on J'ort Sumfcr Sto
plien A. Douglas. I.lncolu's llfellmo
opponent, had IVen n lion lu his nil
locacy of the Union. Kinking all past
differences, he assured the president of
Ills support nnd rallied thu Democrats
of the uoilh as no other man could
liaie done. On his wny west Senator
Douglas had spoken at llcllnlr, O.,
and nt other kIiiIs nnd everywhere
h-iil soundid the sumo nolo or loynlty.
On April LT. he had addressed the Illi
nois leglsliitnic, udvisltig his friends
to blnk p.irllsnulsui nnd go to tho sup
port of the ndmlnlstrntlon. Shortly
HTr-PHIN A :OnLlS,MNO(II,N'OtIIimi
oi'i'uM nr, uur a hTiiuMci imri-Nin'ii oe
Tin; UMust, who Dim, junii :i, 1S0I,
after this hu f" 111 of liilhimmalory
rheutiialldiu, which was complicated
with oilier doubles, nnd on Juno 3
lesullcd In his death. Willie Incapac
itated from llio disease hu dictated n
letter to thu chairman of tho Illinois
Democratic stale committee which ls
camo a rallying cry to tho Union Dem
ounts of the north.
At (he tltae of his death Senntor
Douglas was only forty-eight yenrs
old. At the age of twenty-two ho was
eled ult ey general of Illinois and
hid nflorwaid been member or tho
legislature n-cielary or state, Justlcu
or tlie ctatn Mipionio court, twice mem
ber of tlie national houso or represent
ntlves. three times United. States sen
ator nnu once nominee ror president.
Tho follow Inn record shows tho win
ner of, the Intcnolleglito boat races
In tho Knst for scleral cnrs past:
Vcnr. College. Time.
IMr, Columbia Sim. 2.'iS.
1 Slid Cornell ., l!m f.9e.
1S7 Cornell 20m. 47 I -Ch.
IStlS I'ennsyUniil.i ISm. SI '.Ja.
lStill Pennsylvania 20m 4s,
taOO rennsylMinh tlhii. 41.1-Cs.
19(11 C'ornell ..- Dun, r.S 1-Ss.
1002 Cornell , 19m, r, 3-Bs.
1903 Coruelps Ism. f."s.
1901 Hyrncii'o Mm. 2S3-5i.
lOOr Oorneft 20111 2!2-0s.
IPOS Cornell tain, S0 4rN.
1907 Cornell 20m 2.1r,s.
J00S Syracuse tain 311 5s.
1000 Cornell Ilhu. 2c.
1910 Cornell 20m 12 1 r.s.
tall Cornell 20m. 10 t-Cs.
. .. Him
... 9 in.
. ... 9oi
,. .. '.'in
. . . 9m.
. . . 9m
...10m. 31 1-r.a.
...11m. 39 3-r.s,
...lom. in 2. r.s.
1 9" I
1903 1904 -19IIV
37 4 -r.s.
.No time taken
It Is hclleied that there will be n
good man) changes In the system of
promoting sports at Ynlo next term
The follow lug dispatch concerning con
templated change may bo of Interest
NI5W IIA CM, Conn., July 3 - It Is
gciierall) believed hero n big iiphe-itnl
Is impending In inle athletics, The
belief Is unite general thai nil uiilioav-
nl la necessary Ynlo lias lost every
ocilcs hi the four major sports this
M'.ir, except football, and In this Its
team fulled to defeat Harvard nnd wns
defeated by Ilrnwn and West Point.
'or tho Unit time the track team was
defeated by Princeton, the baseball nltio
loht both the Harvard anil Princeton
heiles anil tho crew was dcfi-iitcd by
every listcin university of any liu-
ortanco on tho wuter except Columbia,
It Is understood that two of tho In
cidents of tho reforms will bo tho tight
that two of the professional coaches.
John Kennedy of tho erou- mid Hilly
Lush of the baseball nine, must make
for Ihelr places. Several different
movements nro on foot to displace Ken
nedy nnd ono to displace I.nsli. Tlio
latter la headed by a faction of former
Yale p!airs who wish to seo Johnny
Kmts of i'hleii;o become tho baseball
coach Another attack, tills on both
I, nth and Kciiiinly, Is bealed by'n fac
tion compos, l of faculty niemlitrs and
old players They would have piofos
sloiiul iiiaehes abolished altogether.
I'lic proposed reforms go fnrtliir,
Imuiier, than tho replacing of two or
three ploTf shIoiiiiI eoarhes III tho unl
versltv Among changes contemplated
1" ii selllenient of nthletlo control which
i.h.ill not lenvo tlio caplnliis supreme
fandom" at random
Tho lace for tho Governor's Cup will
take plneo next Saturday. The courso
will bo around the Island, and tho Kn
iiiehauielia, Clmrlotto C, Gladys anil
Hawaii aio expected to participate.
I, Tin madea lemarkably gooilhhnw-
Ing at bal jeslerday. Ho got ouo two-
bagger and tbrco hIiirIos, mill iiiadelwil
I'llnee Cupio had his usual rescivo
seat iiinler tlio irrandstand ngaln ut tlio
bull park yesterday.
OFF FOR COAST
Clnietico II. WalKer, tho oung
aviator who camo lo Honolulu in
make lllglitc, left on tlio Sierra for
the coast es(oriluj morning wllh his
bride. Ho m.iile one brilliant night In
lllln, but locally lias done nothing
In put hlin up among tho high-class
ailalnra. This was purtl) duo lo llio
breaking of his bl.ptmui nt I llio. Did
11161 Mnsson, llio Kieuehmah, i emails
behlinl lu I'i'iko fin tlicr lllghls, ono
Vf which will I'lohahly be "this nioin
Ing. RANDOM AT RANDOM
Chi Unl, that Icft-hamlcil batttr, al
most tore off a1 home inn yesterday,
but tho ball ,Uld not go ipilte high
enough and Chi Pol piaiiagcd to g, t'
only two Kites on i. lie made one sin
gle and one inn. 'lN
Jllyake got u pnlufiil "crack on the
back in the ery llrst iuuliiK jesler
da'y, when Apau hit lilm. He m',ido up
for It by siorlug later' on.
The Kelo nine played nil errorless
game, the llrst siucu Ihelr arrival. Tlio
Chinese team made' three lni Inrr tho
ionr & cz& - 11 tia-TyMKYy-" r j(
s7. p? rr ct?mB&y'zmmLmj;&w !imr
MmsB&AiMw riMiBrvfiisAraa R&mNj&FFmmuziMW
M-JJllhTTr l rV. tfTT jSL. CJ rrr I I CiV-ll vlifl'VA-Xflkyflu&sll
PorlmlT ot Tlio'ournJ mcin who bfillevod Ihril oomlo dopp nboul men bo
Inn st nctincc Ol Inc sertshore and who fell for a iMvK.il honrrl til
morcljv hotel , cosl sc?vcn plunks per diem .with mnd In his
3d Ihe price
tii-init, ruiir fine snocs.
(nThcU.O who hoc
WHAT IN THUNDER HAVE
LTOU COT THE
GOING IT SUND.
ri-epo onIRe 3aur Is
j a sure sign of death,
believe ttie. ,
L.7 l j -.. " Ttjn.r
- J.V .I'.tTF
TY COBB LEADS
Cobb lias Jumped Into llio lend for
Ameilcau League batting Illinois, sup
planting Jack Melnnes, who drops In
second place. Tjrus Is hitting at die
remarlmhlo clip of .13(1, nnd lias stolen
thlrty-tlitcu bases, and leailH IMillo
Collins, his nearest competitor lu that
department by cloicn purloined sacks.
Joe Jackson Is third In Hue, mid
l.njoic follows him closely. The Ath
letics head tlio list In learn .hulling
wllh n remarkable Icam average of
.,109. Detiolt Is uccnml, hitting ut it
Works bIIII leads llio twlrlors wllh
eight won nnd nono In-.t, while (licgg
Is tied for fourth pluco wllh Kddlo
Plank. (!eno Kr.ipp has an nierago
of .42!), bill tills duett not lucliiilo lilt)
victory of Inst Sunday,
Kred Clatk, tho Plltshiirg niatiager,
has supplanted Miller al tlio haul ot
tlio N'ntlonnl league bailers, with Us
inoiid, llaletf and Wagner following lu
order. Miller has luinlilcl In mill
place., Pittsburg leada In tcatn bat
ENGLISH CRITICISE LI. S. TENNIS
NI3W loilK, June 19. KiiglMi ten- Ically It was Just as Important In for-
nls cxpcils sa a majority of tho viola- ln"" ,U-'H'
"Kor example, Ihe function of llio so
time, of Ihe rool-fault role has been f(nR ulh jh (?li ,M,
cniisid by Iho American service. How j.tmy, s ,ju. , rebound move
far the Htaliineiil Is true can not be meuls that If Ihey are to bo carefully
known, but It Is ciitliln Unit Utile or followed rcnulro iho keenest obscrvu
uo Iced It paid lo foot-fpuHs here. Ouo tlou mi tlie part of tho umpire. Kcn
cull go lo a louriiamcnl every day III when thus on his guard the man In tho
tho week nnd only on vciy rare occu- chair can not be entirely proof against
tJilii" will iinybody bear Iho umpire call lsoiil deception. Ho Ih silting high up,
Hlr,uol-ruult,,.)TJif(unrjirve;iioiit tyt yds with Ids, eyes a(.rluhl-unr,lcs lo the lino
nil" Is toiiKtliliiK n elded by nil inn- of lllslil-
Idres, fur It is the last thing any player "No umpire, men the most expcrl
wants lo hint) called iigulnst hlin. n enccd, can, when controlling n match
deal(ii with homo lellrclloiis of "ni- sliutlrhitiided, hnpe'lo I19 Infnlllhle In
'plrlnq,-A,',WiillW Mjtrs'Miys: ". "-'rcfpeet'lo' tlio filr'sldti-llne. In such
, "At the' oulHcl-of Vnotllcr lutiririuicntt Irciunalniice, .tlioiiecd forj-llno 11111-'m-iimiii
II may sine 11 useful purpose If plre:., especially where championships
Mime of tho frailties of umpires iirenre In the balance, requires no emplin
toiubeil iipmi and umio suggestions of-sis. Organizers of tournaments expe
(ercil to luako modern umpiring 11 inorerlence great dlllleiilty In Supplying this
ellicient art. Let It he admitted that demand. Hither they can not securo
umpiring Is far more dllllciilt today ennimli lluesmcn or the linesmen they
than It wns 11 decade ngo. The Intro-do press Into service am not abnvo
ductlou of tho American scnlco Hiidtrltlclsm.
oilier strokes which Inllueiico tho or- "TJ10 mlilakes, of course,, nro not
thbdo Might or the ball require 11 con-iiiiieloiisly coinniltted, but they am
cenlraled vlgllnneo which was regard-sometimes o flagrant as to chango tho
eil ns less Important, iiIIIioiikIi theorer-whole lsue ofn match."
: PERPETRATED BY WALTACDOUGALL
f PfW li VkSK
he othcptolhofaottlvit every man
was also on the job oilhestime
Portrait of 1hc
I acJV (on; Gen
owns an ,
1 and never
lacl, 10 anyDody.wnen we
III ,r ' vN
I a 1 1
find her we will insert portrait.
ting nnd Cincinnati comes next.
Ills? Kd llcullmch of tho Culm lends
the National League Iwlrlcrn In gamca
won, while Alexander, tho phenome
na! Miung Philadelphia recruit, la In
second pinto. Hobby Keefe or Cln
clnnnll Is slmwlng well with flvo won
nnd two lost, nnd llulio Mnripinrd, tins
New York lemoil, lu surprising him
rclf by winning live nnd losing only
lliico gnmcii mi far,
FANDOM AT RANDOM '
A an bavo four meh free transpor
tation lo llrst oMcrday, which means
taking a big chance, lie wns lucky In
that tho Kilos did not try their bunt
ing stunt. Apau struck out toven men.
Captain Kankl says be considers tho
St. Louis tiain the strongest nltio wo
bavo lure, as It Is composed ot heavy
Itarney Joy says the Stars will beat
the Kelo nine Saturday. He Intends lo
bale Castle 111 tho box that day.
There were many prominent penplo
liiiblhnt down seats under the grand
stand nt yestirday's ball gnmo.
Mlyake was the star on tlie Kelo tenm,
eslinliiy, making two runs nnd live
tills during the day.
LINDSAY At Wnlmea, Knual, July
10, mil, Isubcl llnnmir Lindsay.
Horn In Dunrerm.illne, Scotland, Au
gust I'l, ISIlll. Wlfo of Alcxandor
Llmtsiiy of Wnlincn, Knual.
Of tho ten thousand bids received
for the new Panama enlial bonda,
lllll) will bo acroplcd.
Agalnlhe pdperrt '
rejoicing in cerfdln
circles ivhercln Hie
dog" is strong jusT
as if there vasn't
italh enourt (n this
world already. , ,
What we real y p
need is ahrcea ol
deaf ana dumb
dads. cats . parrots
and politicians to
make life really
THE LIMIT OF
1 :'.. If'tAnifi-'.'flAlttMtefttT
Mm - infefetitrf jtAa'ftj&yyi'tiiiiii
J... .IjAdU-sa'-i. . w-,1