Newspaper Page Text
The War Fifty Years Ago
Tennessee Ratifies Secession First War Balloon Ap
pears Battle of Big Bethel, First Engagement Be
tween Organized Land Forces, Results In Union Defeat.
Federal Generalship In This Fight Severely Criticised.
Lieutenant Colonel Greble and Major Winthrop Killed.
Johnston Evacuates Harpers, Ferry Because of Ap
proach of Three Union Armies McClellan Busy In
.West VirginiaPreparing to FollowConfederates Routed
at Philippi Beauregard Takes Charge at Manassas.
By JAML5 A. CDCEKTUN.
tCopjTUM by American Titt Assocla-
PUKPAKINU fdr'wiir'ls grewsnmo
business. Perhaps those cngag
cd In making ready for the groat
civil wnr In 1WI1 wero too busy
to tlilnk tntich of thn tnmtc side, lint
nt tills distance It Is apparent. For
to hi children ot pence It Is illlllcult to
nmlrratnml how millions of men unit
women can become so wrought tip by
I lie Hunting fever nsRi risk life nnd nil
for n cntiso, though doubtless wJ wiilld
do the snnin thins If tho call should
come. Vet wo look with n ccrtnln nwo
nnd wonder nt the spoctnclo.
Measured by the number of battles
fnuEht nnd the nmounrof blood shed
18111 wns the least Important year of
the conflict between the states, but wo
cannot so estimate It. There arc other
factors In tho reckoning, lloth tho
north nnd tho south were going Into
untried fleliN. I'ur tho most part they
had no precedents. They wcro facing
novel problems nnd had to decide new
tsiics, the hardest task men ever un
dertake. They wcro nt tho parting of
the ways nnd were required to chooso
the directions they would go. carve out
tho ways they would follow nnd create
tho tools for tho work In hand. It Is
as ilinicult to organize a wnr ns to con
duct It when organized. It Is ns
groat n feat to call nn army Into bet
ing ns to win battles with that army
when It becomes n nghtlng.cntlty. Wo
!lfC "'' tf I''"'ilifS..i.Bil..l
i I I . i in li j iVUnipl
wahtimb rnoToonArn of HAitrEnB FF.uny. rhowino bridor
DE8TROYED DUIUNC1 HOSTIM5 OrKUATIONS. . y
should not underrate 18HI. To thoso
on tho Insldo tho labor was as arduous
and tho anxiety perhaps as great as In
tho later years of actual conflict. Tho
great Isittles were but the visible man
ifestation of tho forces evoked In 1S1.
Then .was laid tho groundwork' -for
Vlckshnrg and Ucttysbiiivvfor Antle-
tam and tho Wilderness; for Atlanta
and Appomattox. Then wcro sown the
dragon's teeth Hint sprang up In mil
lions of armed men.
Small Naval Engagement!.
Yet 18(11 snw actual lighting, aud tho
week ending Juno 10 chronicled the
Orst buttle ot thu wnr between orgau
lr.c! land troops. Up to this tlruo-thoro
had' been naval uouibArdmuntfT'nud
skirmishes between tho hind forces,
hut no hattlo worthy of tho name. Ont
sldo ot this onu cugagemeut the bat
tle of Ulg llethcl there were uo events
of particular Importance during 'the
week. On Juno 4 tho United titatcs
steamer Hnsipiohannn arrived from
ubrond'to servo lu tho war. On Juno'
a tho Harriet I.nne engaged a battery'
nt IMg Point, opposite Nowport News.
The vessel had but ouo gun that would
reach tho tort,- while sho was'hlfsov
era! times. On Juno T the forces un
der General l'uttcrsoii resumed their
march from Cbainbcrsburg toward
Harpers Ferry, and fresh troops'lTrofy
Washington a ho started toward tho
Damn objective. On Juno 8 tho peoplo
of Tennessee ratified tho secession or
dinance. On Juno 0 n wnr balloon,
then a new thing .lu America, was In
flated at Washington. On the- same
day word came that Fort lichens -was
finally out of danger. This fort was
threatened at the sumo tlnio as Rum
tor, and Lincoln started a movement
for lis relief even beforo ho did that
for the succor of Major Anderson and
his vooped up forces. Then on .tune'
10 cmue the battle, III starred for'thcl
lio(h, resulting hot only In defeat,1
but In tho ldss Of) two gallant officers.!
Battle of Big Bethel.
Rig Bethel Is about ten miles from
Fortress Monroo and Is on the rdad
from Hampton to Newport News.1
Nearer the fortress Is Utile llethcl,
nnd tho Confederates had forces atj
both points. These troops had annoy-;
n.t .lir. II.iIAm nillHit.tH M.I.I la... I .K.a...l
"ii ml' uiiiuii uiiin7-iin urn. nut. di'iii
tnuerrn row prisoners, Ttiey nan ntso
Impressed the negroes of nearby plan-,
tatloiis mid compelled them to help dig
Intrcnchments. Ociiernl llutler stood
this ns long ns ho could nnd then or-
dered nn offensive movement, putting
Oencrnl fierce In chnrgc. On tho
night of .Tunc U General I'lerco ordered
two' regiments under Colonels Ilurycn
nnd Townsend from Fortress Monroo
nnd una regiment from Nowort News
tinder .Colonel llcndtx to meet hear
I.lttlo llethcl nnd tnko the enemy 'by
surprise In tho early morning. That
tho trobm might distinguish each other
fromrtfio enemy1 In tho "darkness they
wcro told to tie white cloths nbout
their nruis. Colonel Bcndlx nftcrward
claimed he had hover been Informed
of this nnangemont.
With Colonel Dili-yen's regiment In
tho lend nnd Colonel Towitseud's fol
lowing ubont two hours apart, n 'rap
Id march was made. In passing
through n wpod Colonel Tawnsend'a
command was tired on from nmbiisli,
one man being killed and several
wounded. The fire was returned nnd
the regiment literally took to tho
woods on the. other slde'of the road.
Colonel Dliryort from lu front,' henrlng
the Tiring, 'conte'nnarchcd his regiment
only to discover that two Union' troops
by mistake' had llred on- ench''o'ther.
Colonel neudlx, arriving ahead' of.
Colonel Townscnd, had concealed him
self In the woods. When tho other
nppenred Kendlx, believing .Town
nend's troops to be the enemy, .had
ordered nn attack. Tilts unfortunate
blunder not only resulted In the killing
nnd wounding of several Union sol
diers In both 'regiments, tint warned
tho Confederates at I.lttlo flelhel, who
beat a hasty retreat and Joined the
other force nt Ulg Bethel, -Thus the
federals were compelled to attack an
nrmy twice tho size of that orlglnnlly
eoiitchiplAted'nnd to do so' by day
light with tile foo alert and prepared.
' At'RlffBttMl tho Confederate were
found entrenched with n stream' and
morass In their front. At about 10
o'clock In tho morning of, June 10 Gen
eral Plerco opened tho battle. For
nenrly two honrs nnd n half an In
cessant flro was kept up on both aides.
Tho Union "troops mado several 'at
tempts to charge, but were unsuccess
ful owing to the ruornss. Neverthe
less, It wns claimed by tho Union inon
thnt-'thej" were gradunlly gaining
ground -when the order was suddenly
nnd unexpectedly given to retreat.
Lieutenant Colonel John T. Oreble,
ordnance officer nt Fortress Monroe.
had rtuirpn nf two howitzers, nnd In
I the retreat held oft tho Confederates
J nnd probnlily snved tho Union -army.
Grublo wns n West Point man, who
i bad been an asslstaut professor of
elhlrs In'thflt' hi'itlliillon uiitl nllllhliglf,
bnly twctily-soten years old n't Ili
'Utile of the light Inlil secri jel lcl ill
Tnliipn. Fin., In the Indian i.iitlilc4.
He wns not fnviiriible to the ekpVdl
Hon hgnluM tllg Itethot. find It N-s.tld
lie belleVcd It Would refill In hU dwli
death. Nevertheless, hi1 wctit nfieiinl
ptulnltigly; and his two howitzers 'did
vnlliint servlre hrmighniit Ijie light.
Just as orders Were given to 'retire!
from the Held he was stiuck lif 'thci
head by n enniloii ball nnd killed In
stantly. He wits tile first, regular
army offlrer to fnil III (lie civil war.
MAjnr Theivlore Wl'iilhrnp led Vine
of th most thrilling chnVgps tit the
day. So gallliiK as the Confederate
'tiro that' 111 dead wvre stl'evVii Aefoss
)li.. kti.ip.iuu A I tltt, lii.nil ill ht4 ilipll
'Winthrop feachiii the fen'ee' near'tho
enemy's works, leaped upon rt log,
waved his' sword nnd shonteili 'J-'Omo
"on, boys! (1'ne charge nnd tlie nay Is
buvr That' word Wds his Jasl. ta h
tlKOWSANT COLCSTt, Wnif T. OflBt,,
KILLED AT 111(1 llKTIItCI,, rinsTBKaUtAII
ABUT UPFICKII TO TSUI, IN CIVIt, WAB.
was shot dead. Major Winthrop wail
n gniduate of Vale and n distinguish
ed writer. lie wns only thirty-three.
Despite- the tierce lighting ttio losses
othcr than' these two officers were
small. On tho Union sldo there were
sixteen killed, thirty-four wounded
nnd flvo mlsMng. Tho 'Confederate
losses were sold to have licen six kill
ed. Tho genu'ralslilp on theFedernl
sldo has been much condemned, nl
though no formal Investigation Into
tho battle was ever made. Strnngn'to
sny; tho feature most criticised wa
the order to retrcaU Had! that not
been given' It 'Is contended that the
Union troops must' certainly have won
the day, ns they oiitnuinlierisl the
Confederates two In one. This, nssert
the military exis-rls. was even a
greater blunder than that of Colonel
Ileii'dlx In tiring on his own' troops.-
Anjhody mny talstnka the" color of a
uniform on n nark night, but no real
general will order n retreat when hi
men nre on tho evo of victory or when
he has ilu n'dviintngo In niimb'ers suffl
dent to assure him a victory by a Ut
ile more fighting. Had It not been 'for
Clreble'H howitzers the day might have
ended ln'nn utter rout for tho Federals.
Movement on Harpers Ferty.
Aside from this engagement, tho at
tention of the country In early .Tune,
ISO), was concentralrd on tho move
ments toward Harpers Ferry. There
were now tlireo armies threatening the
Confederates at thht point. "McClellan
at Grafton was within striking dis
tance, having, command of the Boltl
OIXBHAT, BENJAMIN T. 1IDTLCB, ,0011
HANDINO Timor AT rottTHlUW HONIIO
riKIV VKAKH AflO. w in
-i- I -
more and Ohio railroad for a part of
tho wnyj 'I'nttersoii 'with Ills Pennsyl
vania troops was approaching "dally,
anil to bis support several rcglmelita
from-- rasiiiiigfoii wcro- luirrying; A
clash se'eiced Imminent, and the coun
try expected that any day would, wit;
uess there tho tlrst great bnttle'oMtio
war. General Joseph E. 'Johnston iw'Bs
In coniumiid of tho Confederates, how
over, mid he was ever a cautious com
mandcr. tlo did not wait for tho
Union troops to strike, but on Jnno4"
evacuated! thns 'saving bis army to de
cide tho day nt null mm.
In the meantime General McClellan
was blisy'ln West Virginia. After tho
rout of tho Confederates at PhlllppI he
wns preparing to follow them and
bring on another cugagemeut. This
did uot transplro for n month, how
ever, when there wns another small
battle nt-Laurel Hill,
Iteforo this tlmo Gonernl neaureitnrd
had taken chnrgn at Manassas.
HOrlOLUlU, T. H, MONDAY, AUG. 7,
'John Mull" has been ciiiiiiimI, llred,
rctlied; III othejr "Words, hrti been re
lieved from further duty ns a trusted
omplbye of the city and roomy of Ho
tiolulu. "John Hull, well khownheieH prom
inent ilKliri vlth "tlie road department
Under Its Vnrloils administrations- has
been remftVed 'from his position nshrnd
htnn for tiie Firth District Charles
Clarkj n Itepiibllenn party wnrhorse.
wh6 has been Identified with tho road
department '("evernt times ns an Inspec
tor or ii llitin, has been Mect-il by
Itoad Supervisor Charles WIIfihi as his
rlRht-hnnd man tx the Fifth DlHrlot
Now comes the rub.
"Charlie" Clnl k has his friends In Ihe
party nnd out of It. On the other
hnnd, there nre several incin'tiers of tho
Hoard of Hnpervlnors'who are whetting
up their itxcs nnd prnpnsn to put some
big nicks In the Wilson slate, for tho
Simple renson that the recently-ap-jiolnted
road supervisor has gone ahead
and mnde n his iippolntinents without
even as much ns asking "by your leave"
of the city nnd co'lnty fathers.
Dare Crownlnglierg, nn ohlllmo em
ploye In the city timl county road de
partinent. Is snldviitKin excellent an
thorlty'to be slated' for the axe.
APPEAL IS FILED IN
HABEAS CORPUS CASE
Judge Charles F. demons this af
ternoon allowed ah appeal In tho enso
of nn application for habeas corpus
applied for by Attorney J. LlRhtfoot
on behalf of n Japanese named TsuJI
United 'States Attorney llrecknns
bases his appeal nn the following
grounds: First, that tho court erred,
In granting tho writ of habeas corpus.
Second, that the" court erred in hold
ing thnt tho provisions of tho act cov
ering tho facts of the rnse applied to
alien Immigrants, but not to Immi
grants domiciled In the United States
who may temporarily have gdno
abroad and are retnmlng thereto.
Third, ho questions the tight of the
court to Interfero with th cdecislon
of tho Immigration ofllcer. Tho fourth
count was that- the court erred In
not holding that the act of February
20, 1910, as amended by tho act ot
March 26, 1910, applied to the Imnil
Htntos. . Fred Low.-, was1 arraigned this af
ternoon when, tho' court continued Its
adjourned sitting;' liml his plea was
held bver until Thursday morning ut
Chlng Wow Nam's case was 'con
tinued until' Tlmrrdny also, -na tlioio
was no Chinese Interpreter present.
Ball was lined at $1000 in each case.
FORM AMERICAN COMPANY
Articles of Incorimratlon for the
American 8oy Brewing Copipany,
Limited, were filed with tho Trensur-
cr' nn Saturday last While rojulc-
liig In nn American name tho share
holders nr'o all Japanese.
Tho capital stock of tho company
la $20,000 divided up Into 1,000 shares
of twenty dollars each. A proviso
Is made thnt the capital shall not
exceed tSOO.OOO. The oftVclors of tho
company are D. Yonekurn, president;
M'.- Knwahnrn, vice-president: K. Ilda,
secretary; R. Nlkl, treasurer, and T.
Odrt. nhdltor. Thei-e together with T
Suinlda.. a. KoJIma and -T. dwanaKH
hold All tho stock In parcels of 125
shares oh each ofwhlcn terrpcr cent
has been paid.
SEEN INPOLICE COURT
i Men of live nationalities, represent
In'ir tlin United States. Janan, Hawaii.
Austria and Korea, were present In
rollco Jungo Mnnsarruri. courtroom
this morning. They wero iirrrstetl Sat
urday night for getting drunk In pub
lic places. They uppenred before tho
Judgo snmewbiit s-iliered up today, and
when asked what they did last Hatur
day night, answeied that they bad eel
Miriitril thn oreanlon ton nilirh. The
defendants wero each sentenced to pay
a line of $3 nnd thoiists of-(;ourt.
There were s x other defendants, lir-.
Irested on 'charges of nsaiilt nnd but
tery, violation of the Kibbnlh laws and
several other rhnrgisi. Most 'of them
will bo trlml next Thursday morning.
BAND CONCERT" .
- There will bo another of thoso de
lightful bund concerts at Kalmbkl this
evening, commencing at 7:00, The band
will play at the end of tho Walalao
carllne. Thcso concerts Yiro thoroughly
.ni,..,i i.c it,,, residents "of that beau
tl'ful suburb, while hundreds Journey
out from town to listen to the music
which, 'from the natural Mirrntindlngs
has a charm not manifest within tho
confines of tile city.
John Awn, n-priunlilcnt Kaitiehamchu
ut.i.iu.tt uti.t.tn,, voiiru otil nnd ii mem
ber of the class Of l'JI3, died at tho
school lio.-pltul yetenhiy of tubercU'
losls. He Is from Maul and hud be-
be a popular and ellleleitl student
Interment will take plnco t'oday nt Ka.
Photo by American Press Association.
Dolls For Sale
TVI1AT do you think of It7 Member.?
," .to carry around with them to teas,
.U" 1 I M. W I
HHflBKuiiKSW'wt t 'w J a v t "v? 'T?i"'B j!wW,iht 3K-V
BBfc;3s -" v nSi ,m' v'"Ci t'vJTy Ktt
has a faco u rcpllcu of (icr "mother's." and her clothes also follow ult. (Tobwebtiy embroideries and lace, rare furs
and brocades nru none." too good for theso hlsipio children. Tho foremoat InipoMers of hats and gowns have Hum
fo'r'salo and also execute orders (at Imported prices) for rxtrn trousseaux gowns kultablu for every doll's needs.
Th. doll In tho Illustration Is dressed lu silver cloth urnnmetrted with touches of bund cmbroldiry and bunds ot
$ Latest Theater Cap $
I "TPMHIlil ' iff i WvKBMwi r
l'holu by American Press Association.
VO fonrer Is the cap tho cssenco of
lifts taken Its place. Mado of gold
velvet, this Is ultra smart und luu tho
What Is Being Worn
ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS U3ED ON
...., .... i.in.. ..,,,, .-..r.
uurfeio-nirruei muun i nt
VOGUE MARABOU A POPULAR
TUST nt present tho cruzo for aril-
flclal flowers bus reached Its
height. They aro worn not only on
hats, but on drumes, particularly the
singio pirgu rout. nun in iikuuuj
placed at Mm wnlnt line, nltliough of
ten two arn uscuono being fastened in
Hoses inade our of jrlbbon nre ,n!so
the vogue, pMrlTi-iilaHj-'on small tuipies
ml children's bats, .... -'
Utaratioii sllircdotinii'cs'n very iopu
lar(trtm'inlii;( partlenjarly 'with those
peoptii who 'cannot ufford fur, wh(clf
WARNED OF FRUIT FLY
The board of health Insiicutors nru
gradually getting Into tho work of
dialling down the festive fruit 11 y nnd
curtitlllng her fi'olles. It Ih too early
as yet to see much result from It but
nt tho same time It Is felt by tho
board that 'the results will be good
Tho following notices urn being
cent atnimd to each of tluj household
ers. They 1110 bulug printed In KiiK'
llsh. Chinese and Japanese.
"For the purpose nf destroying tho
Mediterranean fruit lly. 11 now mm
post which hns iniidn lis npiieaninco
1111 the Islnnd and which causes all
.fruit to diop from the trecHtho boaiil
GRAZE FOR GROWNUPS
In a Fifth Avenue DrcssmaXIna
of New York's smurt set. grown women, uro paying JG to $100 for a
dinners, operas, etc. holly Is u r.lorllWI v.rnluii of the nursery toy. Kheo
modlshneSs. Tho frill without a n mn
larot wired and trimmed wltti certsu I
mcrl. of being easy to iiiuku fur n
I has gnnn up so In prlea thnt It Is in
jdenl become H luxury,
Whllo marabou routes In all color's.'
the brown sluidu Is more striding ued'
In combination with light colors.
I Fur bands are very smart on velvet
lurtians, wneincr or niai-K or roinr, A
. ,, , s !tuay h, ,ft ,,..
inlng of theso Jaunty little capllko af-
I Skirts show very liltlo signs of be
coming wider In spite of thu efforts of
certain Parts designers.
Tho vogue of chiffon cloth continues
liinaba'tcd,, whether for waists r enllr"
,11 iw.es. 111 in- sniiiri 11 inusi oe ur.i
fi. .... t.Lr. ,,,i... .,.$ $... -11.
I.,.-. I. V.H ...,h -""'"' '"-
""".I "I""tn"r" "l
fle'iierallv sSDra!ilmr. Ilu' mor mate'
rials af-H rooiblncd lir-i. ,dri-ss Oil?
s'liuirtir it in, Ovid .'iiid sllvr.tii'.su'i'.
black ihlifon. ,piil bids, vi" pale rjjyl.'
riuiioil noil nwr. nri- r7iiinav voi
bli'ed.lu one creation, .lbs issontlaMie.
i is .-. t . ' .1 , ' -. J
of health renueats the liOnSchotder
nti'd those ha"lng fruit trees to g.lth-
cf up nil fallen and worthless fr.ult
dally and put tho same Into either
thn swill lineknlR or eitrhuco eulis.
This fruit contains Iho maggot which
produces the lly nnd by disposing tf
all fallen nnd Infested fruits, tho pst
will bo prevented rrotn developing nn.tj
ilevtrnvlncr other fruit crnos Irt Iho
future. You will therefore pleuse In
struct your yardb-jy h attend to this
matter which menus much towards
rnnitntlon tind' ciliillcatlon of this
There was 11 meeting of the board
of commissioners nf nKilriilluio nnd
rnrestry nt half past nn'o o'clock this
afternoon. . . ... . . .
Inc simply thnt the wearer shall look
slender In tho combination.
Very bright separate wulfts nre an
other feature of the season. Vivid
senrlets, yellows nnd blues nro worn
with black suits.
Hats ma::c no effort to match tho
costumes with which they nro worn.
The straight coat lines aro twins
modified somewhat to afford a slight
riirvo ut tho waist line, but tho hips
inuxt be kept In as well, and this tneuns
I ,i n.vlfil! tluht hiHni?.
Handsome Lace Gown
r ilSS'i! ' .vkuSn!
mm K,...-.iiri ., nn 1. f nn .i.
i 1 - " "i v.Mi.iun w. .!... 1 .
- )fm. Jllv.,, ,,),. Vcr !,,,
do chine 'ami trimmed with the deep
i..-. ,... m ..,... .... . ....
vtyje. Che Mower like rorclto at the
wnlstH pi.ido nf uci'i'emv inolrv.
wl.th aVenlel-'of blue Velvet.
1 t r j
SURVEY OF -PUNCHBOWL
LANDS IS STARTED
The survey work In connection with
thu I'unchhriw! lauds Is being pushed
unpad rapidly, This mottling Sur
veyor Wall aud his party started lu
to rim the preliminary lines for tho
new st rents.
The work will take fume tlmo ns
there Is (ii!(o n lot In bo donn and
tho character of the country does not
nui It o It easy fur the men to work.
The nuttier "f gelling nut tho pre
ference lights Is also being pushed
ahead ntnl It should not bo long now
bofuro some commencement Is mado
of. the lucky onc!jt .
afte x&tr x
a - mvtv
1 'v' "TBWla
ft.. '"' yw' r'g
j-.mr.. ' v -n