Newspaper Page Text
EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H, SATURDAY, AUG. 12. 1911...
Make Schools Practical
V1' AnUTrain Bos Td Earn .
Their Living By Agriculture
(By Edgar Wood.)
Any proposition fur tlio Introduction
of a now phase of educational effort
ltu thu work of tho schools In liable
to"bu.mfct)iil tho' outset with objections.
'InilliHrttil education, however, In a
subject of mucIi vital Importance to lha
Territory nt the present tlmo that It
serins to warrant n careful considera
tion. The large majority of our fu
ture! cltlr.ciis lire the descendants of
lhnu who linvo omo hern as laborers
c.n the plantations of tho Inland. The
cnit mid aim of the educational effort
employed In tho school system Is to
make of the-se growing Imys und girls
letter men and women than thone who
lini'eiU'il them persons better quail
lied to establish h home, care for and
educate u family and discharge tho
duties of citizenship.
Academic edtieatlon Is nt host only
n imrtlal nntwer to the demand that
the Individual Im mlucated. It Is only
fupplemental, dealing nlmost exclu
slvely wltli mental nnd moral nctlvl
lies. In Industrial education three
classes of activities are brought Into
piny. They aro tho mental, the moral
and tho physical. Theso aro some
times called the three ll's, tho hoad,
the heart, the hand, In 'contrast to the
threo. It's of tho Academic lino of ef
Making Farmer. "
Industrial education has for Its prl
mliry aim the making of n farmer. The
fanoeris n man who inal;c& his HvliiK
n the farm. He raises things which
has family nnd lilt stock may eat. In
connection with this growing of the
necessities of life, the farmer raises
some sbrt of "money" crop that nuiy
lie disposed of generally In Ills Irnnw
" In contradistinction ito tho farmer Is
the plantert who raises a money crop,
whether of cane, pineapples or to
bacco, and with tho proceeds of thlH
money "crop purchases tho ncccssltlm
ii'r life. The tilanter prevulls nt tho
present time. It Is desirable In the de
velopment of Alueilcnn cltlr.enshlp that
there be developed ii clnss if men
whose llrst busltiesi. Is to make, n llv-
lmr on the! farm by raising things
which the family and stock will need
Common School Bmlnttt.
It may be said that It l not tho bus
iness of tho elementary schools to train
mechanics, nor to train farmers. That,
perhaps, may be' conceded : but It Is
tho business of tho common schools to
iui train those attending them us to
.mnko them more effective and re
sourceful In whatever line of work they
may undertake. It Is tho business of
the public schools, which glvo a largo
majority of the school "population oil
the education they ever get In school,
tit definitely train these pupils wltji
referenco to their rrescnt environment.
Time to Change.
Is It not tlmo to change front In our
plan of elementary nnd secondary
school organization? Is It not tlmo to
rcrognl70 tho fact that a system of
puldlc schools should plnn Its course
of Instruction with reference to the
needs of the 98 per cent, of tho pupils
who nttend them nnd who attend no
other school, rnthcr than with refer
enco to the small percentage who go on
to n more ndvaneed work? Is It not
tlmo to recognise that tho present
courso of study open, to children In the
public schools, offering -books as the
only sources of knowledgo and word
ns the only stimulus to mental uctlv-
Ity, almost completely Ignoring envl
lonment lis a sourco of knowledge, a
Mliuulus to thought, and nn Inspiration
to action, Is not tl.o best for nny who
nttend the public schoojs, Irrespective
of whether they go from them to en
gage In their llfcworU or continue their
studies In advanced school? .
What I Farming?
'Dr. Seamen A. Knapp saldi "Agri
culture' may he divided Into eight
parts. One-eighty Is science, three
eighths Is art ami four-eighths Is bus-1
There hus never been n tlmo In the
history of this Territory when the ar
guments for IndmtrUel education could
ba presented with ns' great forco as at
the present time. At no tlmo bsfore
have tho Interests stood fuclng such
problems of competition nnd Industrial
organization as tiiey do today. It I
no longer u question of tho man who
can work tho most linurH and tho hnrd
est. nnr-the number of men employed.
There Is n limited supply of workmen
null un Increufed demand for labor. It
la a question of tho mull who works
for a higher wage, but work morn
elttch'i.tly and therefore at u greater
piollt to the employer.
Looking for Work.
. There tiro In tin, schools of tho Tor
illory about i!.",000 children ns against
about 1.1,000 In DOD, nil annual In
crease of about 1"00 children per yeiir.
The pupils who lenvu the elementary
school nt K. go to schools of n moro
advanced churncler, to work ns un
skilled workers or Join tho ranks of
the unemployed. Of the latter number
the city of' Honolulu bus more than
lls'r'inre, A tour of Inspection through
the pool rooms of tho city between
the hours of 10 and IV n. in, disclosed
the.tdarmlng .fact THAT ALMOST
'1000 HOVH HI.TWRKN IB AND !0'
WUIti: HNHAUKD IN OAMUS Or'
OIIANCi:vor, what Is even "worse, "In
l'.el us consider n moment what this
means. The perlmt of character tor
motion, Is, speaking generally, coined
lent with one's teen. As tho youth
Is shnped so will tho man be. I'roin
tho rnnkb of the pool players come In
n very large inensuro mo law ureas-
ers and shiftless, ones, who are directly
or Indirectly n charge on tho Territory.
Industrial Work In 8chool.
l'lnns lire under way for tho opening
of a market' to take tho produce of tho
farmers of the Territory. Is It not
IKissllde to encourage tho Industrial
work of the schools so that each school
suitably located could send piodiico to
. It might be desirable to select from
the different schools of tho city chil
dren of not less than 13 years of ngo
and give them Instruction along Indus
Oovernment land In different parts
of the city might be used for the cul
tivation of tho crops nnd nearby gov
ernment schools for tho academic In
struction. Transportation from a con
venient point In tho city to tho farms
to bo' provided on the Itupld Transit
c.irs: farm work to be carried on from
7 a. m. to 12 m., and classroom work
In tho selected schools from 2 p. in.
to S p. m.
The manna! training shops nttnehed
to tho different city schools could be
used fur Hie work In sewing nnd cook
ing nnd us lunch rooms for the boys.
The girls could prcparo nnd servo tlm
lunclTos it n maximum cost of IS cenlB
per lunch. The pupils doing the work
could be paid, either lit n given rate
per hour or on n profit-sharing basis.
Iosslhly n combination might be
thought deslrnbl) The pupil could be
paid for his work nnd then pay for
his lunches, the rest belonging to him.
Io could thus bo taught to use his
earnings wisely, pay for his legitimate
expenses, glvo u part to his parents
nnd snvo n part. The hoy should bo
tauclit how to earn a wage, how to
take caro of It nnd how to spend It
lo advantage. j
I Fee table.
Hueh a school Is feasoblo and can bo
Hindu to pay all expenses except -sis-slbly
that of Instruction. All neces
sary repairs In Implements used 111 cul
tivation of tho land should bo made,
If pusilhle. by tho boys In a central
shop. All thu farming should bo of nn
After three or four years of work on
a farm of this kind the boy should bo
given tho choice of going to work on
some chosen lino of work, staying on
thu truck fnrm or going to a school
near one of tho large plantations. This
school would bo Along tho lines stir
tested In the llrst school. Tho land
would be scoured from tho plantation
on tho same or similar terms that are
granted to n hill of laborers who con
tract to grow cane for the plantation.
Tho boy who Is not under 15 years of
age works from 7 to 12 nnd goes to
school from 2 to C. All academic work
Is of u practical nature, and Is closely
related to tho work of thu Industry.
Money Is ndviinced to pay. wages to th
boys pending the hancstlng of the
crop, when each boy rii'elves his share
of the prollts. At any tlmo u boy may.
If he desires, take up regular work
with the Industry, reporting regularly
16 the school. It has been shown In
other countries as well as here that
for n few hours per day nt light work
with competent Instructors u boy from
11 'to 18 years of ago Is n productive
unit equul In value If not excelling the
nvcrngo unskilled laborer.
This plnn, Mr. Kditor, I bellovo would
tuko thei shiftless, non-wnge-vurnlng
boy off our streets and from thu front
of our corner stores nnd tcacli him to
earn n living wngu Instead of being a
mennc to the society of which ho of
necessity forms n part.
In Bulletin Scholarship Contest
For Public School
Under tlio rules of tlio II u 1 lo 1 1 n
prize contest for tho best scholarship
among tho pupils o thu 'public
MAUI NEWS EDITOR
(Special Hullo tin fcorrespondViiee.)U
WAILUKU, Aug. 11. C. U. Clark,
editor und munng'-r of tho Maul News,
met with u M-ry jialnful accident lust
Tuesday evening at his own homo In
thlstown. While ho and tils wifo were
reading n little before midnight, Mr.
Clnrk noticed that his ncetyleno lump
was burning badly. Ho Immediately
reached for the lamp, Intending to take
It outside, but as soon ns ho lifted
the lamp, H exploded and Mr. -Clark
was severely nurneu niioui mo incu
and hands. The lamp was broken Into
u hundred or moro pieces. Tho lire,
however, was loon under control, nnd
there was no dancer from that source.
Mr. Clark was severely burned uboiit
tho fnce, forehead and right hand. '
Auditor Wilcox lias been helping
theso few days to get out tills, week's
edition of tho Maul News. Mr. Ctark
was out today In his automobile, with
his head and hands still bandaged up.
Judge Wlllam,i will soon msikn
known his decision on tho petition for
nil Injunction lo prevent tho payment
of S00 tn eleven Stuto Ilonao iosul-ers.
WiHi n ii It r 1 1 n f I per jrar
schools, tho honor rolls for tho vari
ous schools wero to bo returned to
the Hullo tin olllco for publication.
This leiiulreiucnt was fulfilled by Ihn
teachers of only onci Island Knual.
H Is probable tho others misunder
stood. Thu Kauai honor rolls are given
Tlio Honor Hull 'of tlio schools In
thu County of Knual follows:
llncnii Ono: Samson Knluo, Akl
Koliumn, Uenlrico Miikn.
Ilanalol HaJImo Murakami, Ah
Shu, Annie Dou-illl.
Kapaa-VSevcnth: Takulclil llnmu
dn, KenJI Mnsunnga, Satsuki r'uktt
nioto, Charlie I.lzatnn, llcna Mladon-
Ich. Sixth: Adeline Itodrlgito, Nlchl
Doo Nulitt Mnsuuuga, Mcliorti Wnt.i'
yn, Tnkl Niiknmnrn. Fifth: KenJI Jliv
inadu, Shlgu Tnkofugl, Muiuorii Tsu
nehlro, James Hush, Kenzo -IJrnbo.
Fourth: Yurlyo Klinurn, l.llllant
Adams, Hong Wall Wong, Hujlmii Tn
knta, David Knul. Third: Tnyo Mnto,
Hen Clinl, (lungl Kiiknmoto, Joo Sltva,
W Kwal. Second: Maria Victorlua
Two: Isno Ho, Akiong I.ung Cheu, Ma
ria Itiidrlgues,' Manuel Tu.es, Ono:
Tbii Takiiln, Ktuti Hlgnslil, Kayo luwo,
Kiyontu Oiiwo, Oliiasu Iclil.
lluiiamutilii Siiml Nnkainltchi, Knt
stimo Ynniusiikl, 1'aul 1-Vrxolia, Tada
Iclil Kusatau, Vutaku Wnkiiuioto, Oo
tlil Kamczuwa, Shi go Slilramijil, Mica
Hutn, KenJI Tsitillda, Joo llntlsta,
Masncht Suinlda, Miisao Knsatsu, An
Huliila Huniwo Nosy, Daisy Ka
pule, Itosc Kupiilo, .lullii Kuplko, Ilia-
sill Kullkt. Kii7.ii Kiiblgama, Ah Tuck
Almiin, Ah 1 Aliunii, Kdilio Knplko
Mutml Akniiin, Kvii Kapiilc, $iw Halo
maim, Mntsu Kiizuwurn, All Ktin Aha
na, John l.lhlliht, Iiika Hnlemanii.
Kolna l.ucla Kane, I.ulchl Kalayn
shl, Ia-o Ha l.on. Ah l.ln, IMm Moo-
klui. Antune Vidlnha, Klku Morloka.
I.lkollka lllakc, Yoshlchl li.iyuhnrn,
Mnnsurl, Fusa Mizutio, Mary Kaullll
TiiIhooI, ICrncst I.-itiseheln, Frances.
(lotiBahes, Kulclil MuruoUa. Hermauui
l.telHi.-I.Ulle ltiundt, Tudnshl Ku
rlsu, Tokulclil Haihiua,.
Knlalieo---Knr.ii, Scogii Yninnmoto
llnnnK!iio W. Y. Nlnt, I)ii Yco.
Mnknwoll Soulo I'ratcs, .llmmlo
IlitrKoss, Noyn Kitratmil, Knyono Tn
katn, Mlklo -Takala, Chandra I'nos,
Hoom 1'oH'Nam, Wllllo Kukole, Skiii9
Chun Yiiii, Shegcun Yotuuda, Mltsu
Kckalia Kclyurlil Nallo, llajlinc,
Tlicodoio, Olio Wramp, Nlrlil, Jiwle
Walnica Kcljcrca l'ah On. llama
kau Wrlghl, Nuliarl Honda, All llunj;
Pcka Mnlniiiii, Kiniljn Miynko.
Maim lllchl TonujintUy, Tonll Kit
kalio, llulchl Ti:iuomltsii.
As tlio test of scholarship wns final
ly prepared it Included tho answering
of n series of test questions on which
tho pupils wero marked. Tho ques
tions lire gheii herewith:
Bulletin Prize Competitive Examina.
1. Which is the subject and which
Is Hie predicate in tlio following sen
1. Lieutenant I'cnry lias returned
from tlio ArcHr. reglonsT'
2, Tlio trapper was struggling with
: hugo hbnr.
X Ill with King James' mood that
Suited gny feast and minstrel lay.
". Uxpiess In past tlmo
Ho walks on. Ills heart, full of an
i.iulaclmib Joy. t
Many ficsh streams run to ono salt
Tho next morning ho comes down
to tho breakfast loom eurlor than U
his custom, mid salutes everybody
there with great cordiality.
3. Whllo r simplo sentence.
Wrllo, u Cimiplox sentence.
Write mi Imperative tentence.
4. Complete tlio following Honteii
cet! by supplying clauses: ,
Ills nrmor wns so gisxl that
Ho talks us if
Stand still If .- ,i
5. Wrllo tho Htmy of ono of thu
following: Moacs Kmiii'lmmuliii,
(Answer any five),
1. Diuw n map of tlio Hawaiian Is
lands locating llio region denoted to
L', 1)1 aw a map of North America
localo and' lipnio Imnoitnut rivers
I!. I.ocnto and discuss thq l'auania
I. Olvo reasons for tho, Iniporlaneo
of' Loudon, New York, Clilcago, Sail
S, Name and locato n city noted.
(a) is a sugar refining conlor.
(h) ns a meat packing renlur. '
(e) for Its largo population.
(d) for Ha good liuihor,
(o) as n manilfncliiiliiK center.
tl. Doscillio tlio ImTtiilal an
111 I R
We say "Sensible Clothes,,,!
because this store does not
carry " Freak Styles " the
kind that appeals to the wearer ,
but a few days. We sell the
a line with a "gilt-edge" reputation. J
When a suit leaves our store bearing ,j
their label we are satisfied that we
have made a permanent customer. ;
Drop into the Store, and let us show
you what is proper this season in,
county goi eminent of tho llnwallnii walian; age, IB; grado VIII, Kanlui
7. Dcscrlbo tlio clly of Uonnlulii
and account for Us liniKirtnnco.
1. What Is water called when It h
cliangi'd Into u solid? lulu, n gits.'
(llvu lio names of mis many gases aa
'J. Te.ll 111 n. connected order tho
dlrfoient stages In tlio prodiicllim
tinnspoitallou, manufacture, und use
of any of 'ho following products:
Klsh. sugar, taro,. tobacco, cattle.
.1 Make n sketch of n pair of oi
dlnaiy scales scon lu n stoio. Wliero
Is tho object put thnl Is being weigh
ed? Mnko di.iwlngs of ns many kind
of weighing machines as uit ha.o
4, filie examples of condensation
or evaporation us seen In )our hnnio,
In n sugar mill, ir on the landscape.
B. Tell tho illlTereui ways of tiaus
pulling ennu ft om tlio tlehls to Uio
tuguv mill, Defcrlbo tho method you
know most alsiul. What Is llio nio
llu power In liach caso?
HYOIKNI. AND I'lIYSIOI.OOY.
(Answer any II. o).
1, Tell about what Is being done lo
. What is tho danger from mos
iiultoes? How many tliey bo etcrinlnated ol
loskoiicil in uinnbors?
3. nie dliTclloiis for Keeping Hm
body hcillliy-woik, lest, habit, elolh
4. Dofcillio treatiunnt for n sprain.
f, Jlefcrllio how you would icscuo
no.i rmliii a drowning pciron
; nt l. at valuo are tho tcclh?
linapillio Ihelr caio.
7, Tr.ico tlin course of tho food
r..,.'.. in,, tlmo It enters Ihu iiioitlh
iiulll It icadies Jhu blood.
1. Wtlle a hill t Krooeiies of sK
liomu tuiil receipt It.
2. How many yds, of elotli at $.15
,-,,,! will bo lecelvcd for B doz. uiga
ni t ar. a dozen?
' 3. How ninny Kflllonu of water will
n tank hold tl)nl liicaBuiesi ji H, by
rt. by 2 ft.? (21 en. In. equals 1 gil.l
4, How ninny s((. feet or lioaula
will II take lo. make n hoard Mieo B
It. high around ii lld'1 8 rods' long nud
urn rt. wide?
5 Kind tho cost tit i.t,5' u cunic
vnr,i. .if tilling lu n btreet BOO ft. long
75 ft. wide, nnd that averages 3y. ft.
A win its lui.lliB I""'"'' '' l,
prizes liao ln;eti mailed to llio fol
lowing pupils who am thu wlunois
' FlrslWIHIo Kosclilll, ptirt-lln
VIII, Central (Irani-
age, 1.r; grade
Third 5uiu Miing; Chlneso;
13; grade -VIII. ltoyul scliool.
l'lwt W. Y. Nliu j Chlneso; age, 14
grado VII, llanapoiiu school.
SkoTiiI Sou Yee; Chlneso; nge, 13
.renin VII I IttlltllltMin Bfllfltll.
Third Henry l'.ulgett; American;'
nge, 12; grado IV, MuKiiwell school.
rirst Kllra Uitni'iiti; p.irt-Ilawall-an;
age, 17; grado VI, Kaauliiihu
Beeond Ayunio Nnkan; Japancso;
nge, 1:1; gnulo V, rapalkim school.
Thlril Onevle.ei K. Cnrvalho;
Spaiilflh-l'ortuguese; uge, ; grado
VI. I lonomu 'school,
VERY BUSY JOURNEY
HiiperhiU'hdciil' or Public Works
Marston Campbell relumed this morn
ing with tho other members of the
harbor iiunnilssl.iii fiom their tilp
iiriiund the various ports. The,y eur
rleMl out tTiei 'sehedulo ns inibllshed In!
Ihn II it 1 1 ot l-ii nnd had a ery good-trli.
They we-re- em Iho go freuu tlio time
they left hue until they got luck:
again At e-wry port Ihey visited the-y!
saw the wharf eondllioiis III iictu.ll
winking nriler and gained much knowl
edge that will be useful to them 111
Mini future. There, Is no report lo bo
prevented ns to their Ideas for Impiovo
linent. ns the miitlcr will cimio up for
illseusslnu ut Iho fiiMtlng to bo hMil
lu Iho near future.
I While nt Ulln (i public, meeting was
work ni far ns Ihn mails e-nnni-elln.rj
with the uhiirf ure coiiieineil.
, DIES WHILE ON VISIT.
Motes N. Kt'pe'kolo of Kapoho, I la
....It .lln.1 Ifiuf .,...,,1,1, Mlllli. e'lMlllllL, 1,11
...a.., "MH, ...". ,- r ..... Mm
Hon., lulu. Ho uus Iho guebt ut tliwfi
home of friends hero when suddenly
stricken III. Mr. Kepeknln was well
known on thu Ulg Island. Tho funeral
will bo held tilth art. in, "Ml at 4 eloe
from the Tern use-mi uiidertnUing I'll
liirs nud mii-rmeiit will, bo made ut Ka
ANI)i:;it40N' Jn this city, at their
homo In Minion .Valley, on KrldjyJ
August 11. I'.lil. 10 Mr. and Mrs
,11. il.Ulns II, Aii'Vrsim, U, ilaiiKhtei-. 74'
Up to the proEcut tlmo thero,
been no trace' found of tho burglar
who ciacked the crib nt KlpahuluJ
held Hlong the sumo llne-s ns tho iiuol
'I'lii! Il.ilth.ioro nrldgo ComiMiiy was he-Id lieTe'. and suggestions l. lid uplll
(ho lem'est bidder for thu 1'onstriHilon Ions we-ro glve'il by thoso Interest, el.
of tlin. steel lowers ut Arllugton, V.i., l'Voni the toifo of the meeting It was Hanii district, Maul. Ho iippeunl lu
for the, use of tho naval wiredess st.i- Inferred by Ihn commissioners that tho . haxo'Eut millo n Job for Sheilff 'Cro
Hon. illln peoplo would elo their end of Ilia j well.' " . It
I WANT TO 8I.I- TIH: ISOODS.
I WANT TO OCT WHAT I HUV'WIII.N I I'AY I'OIl IT.
MY HOMI2 DL'AIXK '"CAHHII.S" 111! W1IHN I IIUNa
BECAUSE MY INTIIKKSTS AIU. IIHIHI
BECAUSE TUP. COMMUNITY THAT 18 !OOI) llNOIiail I'XHt Mil
to i.ivi: in is noon hnouoh roit mi: to iiiiy in. t , .
BECAUSE I HKI.lUVi: IN TltANHACTINd HUHINI.R& WITH MY
KIUHNDS. , "
because uvnrtY noi.i,Ait i si-i:ni at homi: stays at iiomh
AND WOUKK 1-OK TIIH WKl.rAl.I. Ol-" IION'OI.UI.II AND HAWAII,
BECAUSE Tim MAN I 11UY FIlOM STANDS HACK Ol" Till:
BECAUSE I SHI.I. WHAT I I'llODlICK linitH AT IIOMH.
BECAUSE TIIII MAN I 1JUY l'KOM l'AYS HIS l'AKT OP Till.
' . -.
THU MAN I 11UY I'llOM OIVHS VAI.UII ItnCCIVCD AI.-I
nn: MAN I 11UY rr.OM llHU'S SUrPOUT MY SCIIOOIv
MY I.OIK11.. MY IIOMU
, BECAUSE WIII.N IM, MICK, MISKOHTUNIT, pit lH:nT:AT.Ml:'T
I'OMHH, TIIII MAN I 11UY 1TIOM ISIlHItH WITH TIIII KINDLY aimirT-;
ino. his woiiDS oi." cnr.nit andhis pockhtiiook, ii' Niu:ua hi.!
because iiciii: i'mvi: and in:m: t iniv. iJt.-dliifiiiA!