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MILO M. POTTER, Mnr.
Operated on the American Plan only. Each room ha outsldo exposure. Ratei
oikod are less (8ervtce, Cuisine and Surroundings considered) than can be
found In any any hotel in America. Baggage may be checked direct to
hotel Potter from anywliere In the United States or Canada. Wire ahead for
reservations, at our expense. For rates, pamphlets and full particulars con
cernlng Hotel Potter, addressi OTTO QERT2, P. O. Box , Honolulu.
Geary Street, above Union Squate
Juit oppoiilt Doltl St. Ft incle
Eurooean Plan Sl.COadajup
American Plan $3.00 a day up ,,
Steel arid brick structure, furnish
InRS. cost $200,000. High class
hotel nt moderate rates. Omnibus
meets all trains and steamers
Hotel Stewart now recojTniicd as
Hawaiian Island headquarters.
Cable address, "Tra wets" A. U.C
Code. Reservations made through
Trent Trust Co., Port Street.
Hotel St. Francis
Union Square, San Francisco
Under the Management of
FAC1SO the beautiful pnrk
In the heart of tho eltj,
which Is tho theatre ol
the ptlnclpal CTfnti of
the famous festhnli of 8ai
Frnuchro, this hotel, In en.
ilrdnmcnt rind atmosphere, ex
presses most pleasantly the
comfortable spirit of old Cal
ifornia. The rojnltj and nobility oi
the Old World and the Far
East and the men of high
achievement In America who
issemble litre contribute to the
eosiuopAlliuri atmosphere of an
Institution Tfhlch represents
(Be hospitality and Individual
ity of San Francisco to the
.The liulldlatr, which mnrki
tho farthest advance of science
la sort Ice, has now the largest
capacity of any hotel structure
In the West, and npon comple
tion of the l'ost street annri
will he the largest earuvanjery
111 the. world.
WHILfa THE SERVICE 19 UN.
USUAL, TUB 1'RICES ABE
European Plan from $2.00 Up
ROOMY HU1TUS AND
AJTHAI lO TOUItlSTS
s WHO l.IKH l'LHNTY or
IIl AND I'liniiUOM
nOtOM CITY KNVIHON-
mi:nts. Tim ratus
aiiu not man.
OUT A DAY OR TWO AT
DEPDRK VACATION 1JND& ITS
the pimVui: rou comfort
TRAINS 1'AfeS Tilt: DOOR
Rooms and Board
F f N E BATHING
Wi C. Bergin, Prop.
ir you Aim i.ookino ron
A WKDDINU OllT YOU
WOULD PO WULL
TO SUG OUR
WHICH IS GAINING I'Ol'U
113 Hotel St.
'BULLETIN ADS PAY'
SANTA BARBARA, Cal.
A QUIET, REFINED HOUSE OF
American Plan Room Willi Hath and
Hoard from 14 00 a Diy
European Plan Room with Bath from
12 00 n Day
Special Monthly Rates
A IilKli-claws I'nmlly nnil Tourist Hotel.
Half block from Columbia Theater,
and on tho ciIro of tho Retail Shop
ping District. Ktery room with Prl-
nto filth, rosltlvcly fireproof.
W. E. Zander, Manager
Itc.-crwitlons ni.iilo through
RAVEN & JACOBSON
174 King Street - - Honolulu
Pioneers and Leaden in
.. . , .... Ij.
the Automobile Business
Agents for such well-known ears
a Packard. Popo-ltartford, 8tevena
Duryca, Cadillac, Tbotnaa Flyer,
HUlck, Overland, Dakar Electric, and
Supplies & Repairing
..For th. BEST RENT CARS In the
city, rinn up
OLD8MOBILE, No. 401
RENAULT, H 404
LANDAULET, No. 6V
SCHUMAN CARRIAGE CO,
Uso a PREST-O-LITE TANK on
your Automobile and save, Generator
Acetylene LigWf arid
Agency Co., Ltd.
ASIC I'Olt THEM
HAWAII & 80UTH
8EAS CURIO CO.
Ami All Tost Curd
ALOAROBA BEAN MILLB
ONE SECOND-HAND STANDARD
GASOLINE ENGINE, 16 H. P.
1494 EMMA STREET Telephone 240
BEST WORK LOWEST PRICES
P. O. Box 491 - Phone 30S5
Will Do It .
ELECTRIC CABINET BATHS WITH
A natural method of recovery from
bodily disorders ladies and gentlemen,
BARON SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL
Phone 2467 sr call at 176 8. King St
The War Fifty Years Ap
Fierce Battle at Wilson's Creek In Southwest Missouri.
Gerieral Lyon Moves Out of Springfield With His
(l 6,000 Troops to Attack Enemy Under ftcCuiioch and
Price Two or Three Times ni Strong Cb!6nel Sill's
Force Routed Early In Firjht-Lyon Killer Willi?
UrfjinfJ His Men Forwardi-Cbtrlm'aTicJ Devblves UpoH
Major Sturjls Union Forces Withdraw to Spring
field Confederates Re'fnSln on Field Result of
Battle Saves Missouri to the Utiibn.
By JAMES A. EDGEM.TON.
tCopirlRM by American Press Associa
iHt i:COND to Hull Run tho buttle
of Wilson's Creek twih the
Vsa greatest fought In lSiil. It
,. wns decisive In Missouri nnd
scaled tho decree that tho stnte m to
rcmnln In tho Uulou. Theio things
ninrto It Important, but Ihe death of i
General Nathaniel Lynn, tho Union
commander on thnt Held, rendered It j
After his return to (Springfield from
tho light nt Dug Springs I. on was In
a desperate position. The ttiuo of
iu, , ' -U.fA
many, of his three months men was
n'bout tu expire. Ten miles distant was
nu opposing urray outnumbering him
three to one. Between him nnd BC
Louis another Confederate nrmy was
approaching to cut off retreat In thnt
direction. If ho withdrew ho stood a
chance ot encountering this second
army with his dwindling force and,
moreover, would discourage ihe Union
raon throughout tho statu and leavo
(hat paft of Missouri to tho cnciuy.
If ho waited In Springfield to bo at
tacked ho eudnngcied his entire force,
as Sprliigflcld otTcrcd no nntuntl ad
Vantages for defense. There was but
ono courso left, and that was to movo
out and attack the foe buforo the foo
mined In to attack Lyon.
(lencral Lyon's plan was to matto
tho advance on tho ulgnt of Aug. 8.
Ills men wcro footsoro nnd tired, how
ever, ,aiid as now supplies were nbout
to arrive somo of his olllccrs prc ailed
on htm to defer tho movement oue day.
Tho delay was almost fatal, for tbo
Confederates intended to movo on
Spiliigllcld tho night of tho 0th, but
wore deterred by u threatened thunder
storm. Tho Union troops got under
way about 8 o'clock. Thero weio only
0,000 all told, and part of these were
homo guards left lu Springfield. Lyon
divided Ills force Into two columns,
1 1,100 or ,1,200 under Colonel I'runz,Bl-
slssssssssssssHHEkial HstsssiKim V -sWBiBLfc' iffi A. i f ssssssLLTwiW lKsssLliLlMLssssssssssssssssssssssl
iaH isisH ? : i M'A'tM
gui, uiu reiiiuiuuer, Buiiiuiutiig ivbs uiiiu
4,000 cCTccttvo men, under his own com
mand. Troops Poorly Equipped.
The soldiers' wcro underfed, poorly
clothed, some ot them were lu tnttera
mid, mill worse, lacked hhocs. Tho'
Coilfederato forces wero evtn In worse
condition, however, mid wero not so
well drilled lis tho Union men. Thero
Is a disputo as to tho slo of tho Con
fedcrato army, no two authorities
quite ngreolrig. MeCulloeh, who was
In rnmmnnd, ndmltted that ho hid
11,000 men. .Noll hern hlstoihius lu
Hist tlmt ho uml more thin LM.U0O. At
least a in of tho discrepancy may
him) arisen fmm the fact that M
Culloeh nud Price pkLcd several
thousaud farmers and othv.rti along tho
1 J--J1 lil-i
HONOLULU, T. H., WEDNESDAY,
way. nnil (lico- viotp ulllHnit trulnln;
orjnruiH, lieuo ui'ie uoh"i In the
tight. The tints m-chi to ho tlmt ot
effettlto troops the Cuiifcdomtrs had
hettteen tu nnd three times us miny
us tho redornlx. I.jon had repeatedly
nsked for re-eiiforeemcnts from Gen
eral John G. I'leiuont, then In coin
mand At St. I.ouls, hut had nsked In
nln. tn coiiseiiucnio ho was far from
confident of w liming.
Slgel marched duo south to strike
the llnnk nnd rear ot tho enemy, nnd
Lyon heided Hoiithncst to attack In
front. Arriving while It vns still dark,
Lyon waited till dawn. Ilo then sur
prised tho Confederates preparing fdr
GENKItAL NATHANIEL LYON, KILLED AT WILSON'S CI1KKK,
FIItST UNION OENEUAL TO FALL IN WAR-PILE OF BTONE3
ON "ltLOODY HILL" MARKING SPOT WUERII LYON FELL (FROM
UECENT'PUOTOGUArn BY KOUEIITUS LOVE). ' w!
bt'eakfast Frying pans wcro hastily
thrown nsldo, for muskets. A flying
picket warned General Prlco fOld
I'np"), who rordmauded tho lino wbcro
Lending Ljon's ndrnnro was Cap.
tnln Plunimijr's bnttnllon of regular In
fantry, two companies of volunteers
nnd Totteu's battery. Theso struck
Rains' pickets nbout 4 o'clock lu tho
morning, Tho Union forces nt onco
formed In a sUlrmlsU lino which ad
vanced n mllo nnd n half nnd pushed
the Confedornto skirmish line up the
slope. A largo forto of Confederates
was then seen on tho hilltop, which
wns nttucked by two regiments and
Totteu's bnttcry and driven to the
slopo of tho noxt hill.
Hot Fight In Cornfield.
Pluramcr's regulars beenmo separat
ed from tho rest of tbo Union troops
olid crossed to tho other Bldo of the
creek, where tboy, suddenly fnced a
largo body ot Confederates In a corn
Held. Tho (light hero grow hot until
ono ot tho Union batteries, that un
der I)u Hols, took position on n hill
top nud opened so hot a lire ou tho
enemy in tho cornfield that I'lummer
was enabled to withdraw bis men.
At this Juncturo the tiring grow
heavy at tho other end of the lino,
where tlencrnl Prlco nttempted to turn
Ljon's flank. The arrival of tho Sec
ond Kansas frustrated this attempt;
but Price's tioops still charged several
times only to bo beaten back. Tot
ten's Union battery bad taken posi
tion on a nearby hll and helped to re
pulso tho Confederates. This wns one
of the fiercest nctlons ot tho dny, the
tiring becoming an unbroken ronr.
Au Intennl here ensued during
which Prlco brought up fresh tioops
and started nnotber nttnek all along
tho Hue. Tho Confederates charged
many times nnd tho lines reeled back
nnd forth In a flcrco strugglo that last
ed an hour. At this time Lyon's en
tire force wns engaged, no bad so
few troops thnt ho could, spare uono
for a reserve. At Inst tho Confed
erates temporarily gave wpy.
In the raenntlmo Colonel Slgel, had
gained tho rcur of the enemy mid be
gan an uttack from tlmt side, driving In
somu stuttering troops of tbo Confed
erates mid .following them for a long
distance. At first ho met ilttlo re
sistance. Klgel could hear tho roar ot
Lyon's guns nnd expected the victori
ous Union troops soon to break
through nnd Jolmhlm. At this Junc
ture (Jincrnl Mcculloch's men ad
vanced In considerable force, and Blgcl
thought them tho federal troops ho
had been anticipating. Ho thcrcforo
directed his men to withhold their
tiro until suddenly tho supposed friends
AUG. 30, 1911.
opened on him n tmiulcroits volley thfit
rent his lines reeling In con union.
Slgcl's Division Routed.
Tho deception was caused by the
color of the uniforms, which vtee
nearly tho same In portions of tlfo two
armies. It was also stated by tfle
federals that the enemy carried n
Union flag until close enough to drc,
whou they ran up their own colors.
Must of tho authorities agree In this
statement, some of them asserting thnt
this ruso was resorted to twice by tho
Confederates that day. As It was a
trick often practiced to border war
fare. It la credible?, although the Con
federate accounts of tho battle do not
mention It. At any rato!, tills was tho
turning point ngnlnst gjflcl. Ho now
sought to withdraw, but nearly all of
his troops were ambuscaded and killed
or captured, Bigot himself narrowly es
caping. Ilo saved only one gun, his
cavalry, dragoons and a part ot his In
fantry. , .
Tho sudden disaster to Blgcl left tho
entire Confederate force free to attack
Lyon. This was nbout 10 o'clock In
tho morning luni shortly after Trice
had been beaten back. Fresh Confed
erate troops now moved to the attack,
and Lyon ordered up tho Second
Knnsns ami two companies of the
First Iowoto clinrgo tho enemy's line,
which wni partly concealed In the
brush. Tho Union genernl already had
(been wounded twice, once In the foot
nnd onco On tho head, nnd had had his
horso shot tinder him, but this did not
Alitor lilm frnm nirnnflt1!lMiritnf flild
charge, swinging bis hat; add chejrxtng
on his men.
General lyon'i Death.
Tho cbnrge succeeded In dislodging1
tho foo and driving him back to tho
next ravine, but Ljon fell wlih n bul
let In his left breast.
Nathaniel Lyon wns perhaps the
most promising general developed on
tho Union side during tho first year of
tho war. Ho was liorn In Connecticut
in 1818., graduated nt West Point,
served with distinction in the Serai
nolo nnd Mexican wnn, was lu the
early troubles In Knnsnft, where bo
wroto vigorous articles for tho, news
papers, and at tho beginning of tho
civil war was assigned to Missouri,
whero his career became ono of In
creasing glory. It Is not too much to
say that General Lyon held Missouri
In tho Union nnd sealed tho pnet with
bis blood. Ills will left practically nil
bis property, $.10,000, to tho cause of
his country. lie died unmarried.
Tho death of tho general did not end
tho battle. The chief commnild now
devolved on Major Sturgls, who knew
Lj ou's plans and coutliiued the tight
on theso lines. For n half hour longer
tho engagement continued, when tho
Confederates onco more frnvo why. It
wns only a lull, however. Suddenly
they renppenred along tho entire front
and for tho first tlmj began nit effec
tive assault from a battery. The tlglii
once moro became general, tho Con fed
erntcs attempting to turn the Union
right flank and assaulting Totten's bat
tery at the center., T'lio Federal, lino
now Btodd like a wall of steel, jiercrfil
times .tho eiiemy charged forward nl
most to tho muzzles of Ihe guns arid
as often wero driven bark.
At Inst Major Sturgls decided that,
ho had too few troops to try to hojd
tbo Held nnd determined to retire to
Springfield nnd thenee-atd Itolin. Tho
Confederates ndmltJlint they were
"glad to aeo him go," j. Nor did they
losses on Both Sides H;avy.
The battlo had lasted till 11 o'clock
aud for thp number of men engaged
and thorlencth offline consumed was
ono of tho fiercest III tho hlUory of , tho
war. According to the Annual En
Cclopcdla of that jear, Ihe losses weio
as follows: Union, 223 killed, ,721
wounded nnd 202 missing; Confeder
ates, 1117 killed, nbout 800 woojjdednnd
SO. missing. Iho battle ot Wilson's
Creek was even bloodier than thnt, or
Hull Itun, for nt Bull Itun the Union
loss was only 1) per cent ot those, en
gaged, whllo ut Wilson's Crock It wns
15 per cent, nnd the Confederate loss
wns 10 per cent nt Bull Itun nudH
per cent nt Wilson's Creek,
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comet tnt Wiitter of dtvtloplng
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We have the best facilities in
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We will get the most out of ,
Honolulu , ,
Photo Supply. Co.,
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12-18 FORT ST., ABOVE BERETANIA
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Kam Chong Co.
Corner Fort and Beretania 8treets
DRY GOOD8 FOR ECONOMICAL,
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FINE IIWE OF DRY Q00D9.
WAH YlNfi CHONG
, King Street, Ewa Fiihmarket
Wirig Chong Co.
ma TM NEAR BETHEL
Deiieri In Fnrnitare, MttHreiiet
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And Cloth of Al Quality Cm M
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IMPORTERS OF ORIENTAL GOODS
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941 Nuuann, near King Street
Fine Line of
At the New Hardware Store
CITY HARDWARE CO.
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1 J' Jv"
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.Good Old ,
Bottled In Bond
JULE8 PERCHARDS eV. FIL8'
CALIFORNIA SPARKLING. WINES
We Deliver to Any Pa'rt of the City j
PHONE 3181 ' t ,
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Alakea and Queen Streets
IUm BALI, AT AU. BAJU v
Teiepnone Z131 ,,, M .
KINO AND lTnUANTJ STREET!
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iowi here. ' 'i
"It's the' wbr,
Hotel nr. Fort, , r D. H. Dariti, Pfom.
t I w
, Agents For.
Plpne 202rj. P. 0. Box 488
Due September 2, per Honolulan, 35
largo 'mulo. , ""' ' "
III""' S ' I' f
' U il'.P.V".
The BICYCLE DEALER and R-
PAIRER, hai moved to
l'SO KINO I T R E E T
Ner location Hi froai, near
?onn(r Baildingu Telephone 2518.
Pau Ka Hana
MOVES THE EARTH
a. p. Mcdonald,
Contractor and Builder'' I
Rtlinates elven on all klnde of
Concrete Work a Speolalty
AUAHI STREET. NEAR NUliANU
, "Tho Plonocr 1'lumber"
183 Merchant Street Phone 1931
CIQAR NOW It
4. A. ntJWBT eV CO Aw'
NEW DRUG STORE
Well Slocked with ti'cw Driiga and
SODA YATr!ll FOUNTAIN
HAWAII DRUQ CO.
42 Hotel Streot, at end of Bethel
I Guree Gontl
Bf NJAMIN COMn
eaw e k M n H
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