Newspaper Page Text
EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H, SATURDAY,. SEPT. 9, 1911.
RAW SUGAR PRICES ARE NOW HIGHEST
SINCE 1891 AND BEFORE M'KINLEY BILL
lMlci rn!n;,lnn a Cn'rl
iiiitiuoiuiy wuiiiuiuciiKb oi liiu
of Twenty-Year Period
Drop In '91.
REVIEW OF BUSINESS
AOTIUITV Cfin UEEk
StOCKS StrOllgS Bllt NOt SO AC-
tivo as Might Be Expected
r. i c? i - i I'll -..
tXWdb OdIUb nilO LiUII-
tract General Trade.
Not since Noomber 1, 1890, has the
price of sugar equaled the figure that
it has reached during the last week.
On that dato sugar was quoted at
C S75. It continued at a high figure
up to and Including March 31, 1891,
when It was quoted at 5 68.
Tho next day, or April 1, 1891, tho
McKlnley bill went Into effect, with
Its sugar reciprocity features, and
sugar dropped overnight to 3 625.
Going back to the records of his
tory Is not ultoguthcr Inspiring, If
tlicro Is any probablllt) of history
ripcatlng Itself us regards n loner
duty on raw sugars It Is an Inter
esting coincidence that sugar should
bo so high when Congress Is discuss
ing the tariff. The probability of this
repetition, however, Is not strong-, as
conditions lire different as1 regnrds tho
known nttltudo of tho President. Mc
Klnley accepted tho reciprocity Idea
bciauso It was accompanied with tho
bounty for home-grown beet sugar.
This bounty schemo Is out of date,
and President Taft Is not at all cn
tliured over tho Idea of killing oft the
bugur Industry of the mainland, 11a
vvnll or tho 1'lilllpplncs
Tho price of raws this week has
been soaring, finally reaching 5 75,
with beets approaching u closo parity
to six cents Tho causa for this Is
tho condition of the beet crop in Eu
rope. The dry weather has all but
ruined tho crop, und now comes the
report that the excessively' dry
weather has seriously injured tho beet
sicd. This means that tho beet crop
will requlro mora than n ycur to le
aner its normal condition.
' Cuban planters havo ample con
fidence In the future high price of
Biignr. They aro holding out for n
price that means four cent sugar next
spring The latest sugar circular of
tho Czarnlkow-Itlonda Company dis
cusses tho sugar situation under dato
of Aug. 18 as follows:
Our lust report was dated Uth Aug
A very strong and advancing mar
ket continues to prcwill here, nnd not
withstanding tho pc, hack In Europe,
where quotations at ono tlmo do
cllned to 14s. Hid. for present crop,
sellers of Cubns and Porto Itlcos suc
ceeded in securing their limits of 3 56c
c. f. and 4 92c c. I f, respectively,
basis 96 deg, for the few sugars they
had under offei. Tlio to.nl sales for
tfift, week aggrtnaln inly about 8000
tons, nnd at the uoto holders aro of
fering only sparlng'y nt tlio equiva
lent of 4 98c. lantiol, the grciter por
tion of the available supplies having
been withdrawn ftom tho market
pending further developments In Eu
rope Tho crop situation there tins
ibecomo a very serious one, and unless
a radical change takes place in tho
weathor, prices may go to a still hlgh
' er lovcl. Holders, however, must bear
(In mind that the sharp advance ex-
1 'iporlonccd slnco (ho beginning of July
has to some extent discounted the es
timated dotlclt tn outturn caused by
the severe drought, and that conso'
ijuently any further ndvanco that may
take place will be of a much more
gradual character than that already
H.Wlth a largo shortago In sight, Eu
rope will require to enter tho cane
sugar markets for supplies, and will
if) naturally resort to Culms, which are
.( eenoralIv cheaifor than any other sug
ars during tho crop months. In an
ticipation of this prospective demand,
Cuban planters aro not yet disposed
1 to nart with tliolr sugars of noxt crop
.' In spite of the very rcmunoratlvo
jirices bu)crs aro willing to pay for
them, and bids of 2 80c f. o b. for
January - Keuruni y - March shipment
have been refused Tho weather In
the Island has bean, on the whole, fnv
orabfo for tho growing enne, but com
plaints of drought have been recently
heard from some districts.
" European beet markets havo had a
fluctuating course this week. A con
tinuance of unfavorable weather re-
iports carried prices up to 15s. lVfcd.
for present crop Bnd 14s O'Ad. for
i next crop, at which lovcl it Is under-
I k ainnil tVi ti t rtnn olilnt-tilil A tlnltlHutlnn
"'took placo. This, together with prog
nostications of n chnngo in tho weath
er conditions, resulted In a reaction
iwlilch brought prlcos, down Is. Od per
"rwt. In Hn 1M, nnd t.1s. 9M. for the
present and noxt crop, respectively.
A fiiilinnnni.nl Howard movement has
crop, octouor-uocomucr, u imi".;
January-March 14s 3d, which show
. .. . M. ..... , P1.I
.1' . ... ......
declines ior iiie ween m 'i,
rJiraFleen temporarily checked by tho re-'w. I''ne; uo " ": ' Y " According to the
JSMm cent critical turn of affairs fn the."! "ami, (.; u uanu, smso; loca, ruboe. grovvers,
fflFaE. iriw xltimtlnn in Encland. Today's 10 Oahu, $1125; 25 Pioneer, $225; 50 iawa(i rbbor
KSlW,. f. o b nuntatlons nro: August. 14b ' Pioneer, ssau; u rionecr. so; iu ., to tho expectation
ifm , h.s Rentnmhor. 14s CViil.: next Pioneer, $225; 50 Oahu, $33 25; bO tho samples that
I VlBfe -.i z'' ..' ... ... ...... in !, itn
'd . 3d. ntlll 3d. on illO respective
Hollnod. Tlicro 1ms been no In
creased activity tn new bitslncis this
week, the Trndo generally appearing
for Hie present content to draw upon
their uncompleted contracts List
'prlics or oni ono rcuner nave uoon
changed, and this occurred on 14th
Inst, when tho Federal SiiRnr Ilofln-
Ing Co announced an nchutico of 10
points lo tlio basis of 5 95c. less 2tpcr
cent for llrnnulntcd Although the
"r'8 of Me3S" "0e; Atnhu'Me. ""
Warner nre unchanged on the basis
0r .-,sr,c. less 2 per cent, orders for
prompt shipment could still bo placed
slth them at tlio American Sugar lie
fining Co "a level of 5 75c. less 2 per
Actlvlt) In the sugar Block market
has not been as marked as might rea
sonably be expected Sugars now on
tho way to market have increased in
ulue millions of dollars since leav
ing this port, and will bo sold at top
prices Such a condition might be ex
pected to create n vcrltnblo boom In
stocks As a matter of fact, the gen-
eral Interest public Interest has not
been so great as on occasions two
enrs ago, when sugar was advancing
too four cents, and In some Instances
stocks that represent more -value to'
day and are paying better dividends
arc not bringing so high a price hs
when sugar sold nt four cents.
This Is ono of the curiosities of tho
locnl market. Tlicro la no accounting
fnr It. The rrnn is the liircosl and
tho price is the highest for twenty Ai0ly ,lcm1?nw"'-. ,wno ccm
years Tho streets of tho banking and 'nn'5d Treasurer Conkllng to he
brokerage section of the town 'are ac-
tually quiet. When nil else fnlls tlicro
Is talk of a serious labor shortage.
... , , ,, , , , ,
Directors of hn and alalua
pinnumons mci ins wcca ami voieu
n scries oi exira uhhicihib. iwa win
y two additional extras of 2 por
cent, making n total dividend for the
jcur of 18 per cent, Walalua will
pay two extras of 2y4 per cent, mak-
ing a tonu or l icr cent ior mo jear,
Sxtras arc expected to bo an-,
nounced by Ploncir and Oahu. There
in muc 1 si ecu.aiion ns 10 wnai no-, Tn0 ,wo ja,anMe mQd,cal inspoct
necr will do borne are expecting a or who nae put , cow,,dmble time
stock dividend, as well as extras that on ,no roalnland Xoolk into the con
will make up tho usual 2 per cent n dltonB of tne Japane80 and who naV8
I . . .u , ,
Tio rbcord of the week, as shown
by the Stock Exchange sales, follows:
SAI.ES Between Boards: C Wata-
Ilia, $129; 5 Walalua. $129; 100 Mc-
Brjde. $7.12: 75 McBrjde, $7.12W;
50 Mcllrjdo, $7.12; 200 McBrjde,
$7.124; $0500 Hilo 1901 Cs, $98; $3000
McBrjde 6s, $99. '
NOTICE Walluku Sugar Co. will
on the 10th Inst, pay a special dlvl-
dend of $2 per sharo In addition to
tho regular dividend of $1 per share.
Pcpcekeo Sugar Co. will nn the
15th Inst, nav a special dividend of
$2 40 In addition to the regular dlvl-. successfully' launched nnd will bo
dend of $1 per share. I headed for Hawaii bofore tho middle
DlVipENDS H. C. & S. Co. 25c of November. Ono of tho local en
rcg. 6c spl, 75c; Onomca, 30c reg. Binoors, who made an examination of
r.no i,i.Wv Hnnnnm t the now ship while ho was In San
HAi.rs Hereon nnArrtu! r.o olaa.
$G 12; 20 Olaa, $6.12H; 125 Olaa,
$6.12; 15 Olaa $6 12; 10 Walma-
,,ui, f7r.. iK 'iinnnv,,,, 113 Kn. Kn
Oahu, $",3 25; 50 Oahu,' $33 25; 00
Oahu, $33 25; 20 Oahu. $33 25; 5 Wal-
alua, $129 50; 30 Walalua, $129 50; 5
Walalua, $129 50; 10 Walalua, $129,-
rn. ra ffn.. nlnn nn tin Rn. tr.nnn
uu' uu ". ..v. wv, Two v, Twvyv
McBrjde 6s, $99. ( Th launching of tho Kllauea was
..!CM, W," , , rryo hC"' Huccessfullif every way and was at-
HVJ" JS'"Jr,i,,u V ' Bv ?" te"del wl considerable ceremony.
$33 25; 20 Oahu, $33 25; 5 Kekaha,
2'5.Wa;,3.2l' u . Vn 1'nMlc Health.
NOTICh-Sept. 5: Tho second as- Dr, shepherd has accepted the posl
sessment, 20 per cent on the 1435 ton of Mnltary offlccr of tho Health
asBCBsauio snares or fianjong uiok jioanlbut ho will be allowed suffl
Hubber Plantatlop Co. Is duo and pa)- cent tlma to flni,n up the work that
able. This makes 4Q por cent paid n. he na8 now n nand ln tna Federal
Walluku Sugar Co. will on the 10th health service.
Inst, pay a special dividend of $2, per( u s understopd that Dr. 8hcpherd
share In addition to the regular dlv- will give up bis private practice, but
dend of $1 per share. , w tlll make tho examinations of
Pepeckeo Sugar Cot will n the 15lh the Immigrants that arrive from the
Inst, pay a spceial dividend' of $2 40 Orient,
in nddltion to tho regular dividend of Dr. Sinclair arrived on the Sierra,
$1 per sharo.
SALES Between Boards; $8000
McBrjde 6s, $99; $7000 McBryde 6s,
$99; $2000 McBryde 6s, $99; $1000
McBrdo 6s, $99; $5000 McBryde 6s,
9 23; $2000 Pioneer fis, $101; $1000
an da, $92 50; $21000 1001 Hilo 3,
S; 25 r.wn. $32.75; 20 Ewa, $32.75;
5 Kwa, $32.75; 15 ,Ewa, $32.75; 25 sending some ono in scarcn ofn
Ewu, $32 75; 60 Olaa $0 25; 5 Wala- parasite for the boll worm that has
lua $129 50; 10 Walalua, $129.75; 500 nUncked the cotton blossoms of the
H.'c. & 8. Co, $4187; 15 Haw, island crops.
Pino Co , $38 50. 't wa8 brought out nt the meeting
Session Sales:'' 8 Olaa, $6.12; 7 that tner0 are ovor 70 crcs Planted
Olaa, $6 12; 6 Olaa. $6.12; J5 to cotton In the Territory, and If the
Olaa $6.12; 25 Walalua, $130. holl worm can bo killed off there will
,rNOTICE-Scpt. 5, 1911: Tho sec- b I6"1 do"ble ,na acTae ln a
ond assessment,' 20 per cent, on tho h(,rt " 0T, a" it0 a num
1435 assossaho shares of Tanjong f Individual cotton growers in
Olok Rubber Plantation Co. Is due "e T0""" "! ly date
. ii nki i. .n - - the prospects are bo bright that there
and paj able. Ihls makes 40 per cent ,g fiomo ltak about advjgabllty of
IaI . . , .j. , ' of u xoniblnatlon of growers for tho
.SA1iT,r T n.?,r 5? l-urpo?p qf placing their crops on tho
Kw."' $,8,7o: Vr wW0' IlVn market through an agency.
Oahu. $33.12; 55 Honokaa, $13 50; " .
40 Walalua, $150; 50 Oahu, $33 25; 50
Session Sales: 5 Oahu,
noi... it or.. mnn nlnn
, $3325; 8
", , ,.-.. v....
..a... ivi.t. , ..., .iifj i.x., . p..-y.wirf J. u. 3?jTsi.
10 II. C. ft S. Co, $41.75; $1000 Olaa
Gs, $93; 35 Ewn, $32 87V4: 20 Ewa,
?32 87'4; 10 Ewn, $32 87V4: 5 If. C. &
S. Co, $41.75; 5 Haw. Pine. Co, $38.
00; 10 Ewa, $32 87V4; 10 TanjongOlok
Hub. $10; 20 McBrxle, $7.
Two shiploads of Immigrants In
stead of one, to nrrlvo in the next
couple of months, Is tho cheering
news that has been received from
Ijibor Agent Campbell. He says tho
business of recruiting laborers Is
"booming." It Is understood that
there is n moo on foot to charter
another ship In nddltion to tho one
that Is to arrivo In November, and
no troublo is feared In getting n suf
ficient number of Immigrants to fill
the second ship.
A report reached Honolulu last
Saturday that there were live pros
pects of a sate of tho Honolulu Con
solidated Oil Company to one of tho
big oil concerns that nro doing busl-
..-- tli a An at tittt 4n at urtilstli nnn
, . , . , . ...... .. flnllv
, d fa c , MnUon nm, ,,, M.
h ' t t t,mt nnnlhor
. nn h nrnnnrtv of
. .,, f.nn.idateil advanced
tho stock, which is largely held local
ly. This .gusher Is producing over
14,000 barruls dally of hlgh-grado oil,
selling from 4jc to 60c.
Statcs for tho purpose of attending
,",- " . luu "
bond-solllng transaction, re turned to
line lerruuiy uii wic ivuiiuiiiiiiia
Tuesday. He Is of tho opinion that
, .,,,, ,m j ,i. i,,ip
wUl ,h(J rcmnlmlor r tho 88U0,
v...,i.i,uijin n. ..,n..n ,,n.
,,h1 ,nHiunn r.t i,o hnnrt mr.
kct ,ho bond& of tl)0 Tcrrltory Bccmcd
,n . . n . d.mi.ni, Th.n hnndR
ufe .,rncllcai,v RUarnntCed by the
been In Hawaii for tho last two woeks,
hava hftd ove opportunity offered
them , raako ,ho lnvcgtlgIltlons do-
gred by their home government as
regards the treatment'of Japanese Im-
Hon of sanitary offlcer'of tho health
migrants arriving In tho Territory
They expressed themselves as por-
fectly satisfied with the treatment ac-
corded tho Immigrants. Tlhoy sailed
on tho America Maru for Japan on
e Island ,Steanier.
The new steamer Kllauoa has bean
Francisco recently, states that tho on
sines for the Kllauea nro tho finest
",ul "u """ "" ""u" ,ul ,uiu " """
going cruft ofher size.
. A"houBh cla8"d B" R "'f,'""
' the Kcn' lhw nu, of, tne
Kllauea Is of a very different shape
below the waterllne, being exception
ally flat, while tho Mauna Kca has a
and the Hoard has now a full comple-
ment of officials
Tho principal cotton growers of the
Islands held a mooting last Saturday
or the purpose of further discussing
the fund of $3000 for the purpose of.
reports of tho
the yield of the
plantations will come
havo been sent to
tho States have not boen recelvod ycf.'ous patches of wild guavu through
buUfrom the expert opinion of ex -
perts, Hnwul rubber will class up
-. """";' .r. itu
with tho best in tho market.
A partial report of tho Kcpong. Rub
ber Estate, Just published In a Manila
paper, follows and may bo of Interest
to growers here;
"Tho directors of tho Kcpong
(Malay) llubber Estates report that
during tho year 1910 24,000 trees
were tapped and produced 46,358
pounds of dry rubber, as against an
estimated output or 35,000 pounds.
Tho gross amount realized by salo of
rubber was 16,028, representing an
avcrago 'sale price of 6s lid per
pound, ns compared with 7s 8d
per pound for tho previous year.
The manager estimates that produc
tion for '1911 will be 100,000 pounds,
of which 21,700 pounds had been har
vested to April 30th. Ab tho share
holders have already been Informed,
50,000 ounds have been sold forward
nt 8s 6d per pound, and In view of
the dcctlno In tho price of rubber
this was a very satisfactory arrange
ment. Tho profit for tho year was
According to E J. Ixrd of the firm
of contractors building tho second sec
tion of tho Hilo breakwater, that pleco
of work will be held up on account
of the shortage of labor. The con
tractor states that ha will ask for an
extension of time, in tho neighbor
hood of five months, In which to. com
plete the work now going on slowly.
About 400 tons of rock are now being
dumped into the bay dally, when there
should be over 700 tons placed in the
same time. This state of affairs Is
caused by Contractor ,Ird not being
able to set workmen. 'lie says he has
exhausted every known resource to
that end, but Is still shy enough to
keep the work going along as It
The .opening of Bishop street will
be a cosiiy pio'i6sition, according to
some of tne estimates ot damage ,to
properly that huvo uccn handed la to
tho commissioners who have that
piece of work in charge. At a meet
ing of the commissioners held Thurs
day morning, the Waierhouse Trust
Company, acting as agent for Sulli
van and Buckley, submitted a price
of $100,000 as a consideration tor the
proporty that must bo taken over In
tho oponlng of Bishop street.
Although the two largo buildings
In the heart of 'tho city havo been
practically nnlsbcd, much building Is
going on mrougti'6ut the city and sub
urbs, ln the east end of the city new
homes are springing up every day.
A new semi-concrete warehouse tor
the Plnectar company, at the corner
of Bereianta and Alexander streets,
has been completed during the week.
A concrete building that Is to be used
as a laboratory Bnd for other experi
mental work Is being, erected at the
Maklkl experiment .station. This
building Irf fortj" by ninety lect, and
will be twoi'Btorles, blgli In some por
tions. It Wllf beo( reinforced con
crete throughout. , 't ' ,
Material for 'the new theator that
Is to be built 'on, the Queen Emma
property Is being delivered, and the
work of erection will' soon be com'
' it ii
Operations at , Pearl Harbor have
gotten Into a 'steady swing, and tho
work on tho plla foundation goes on
every day In preparing a bed for tho
many feet ot concrete that will form
the floor of tho drydock. There Is one
more load of piles expected to arrivo
at' the harbor, and that will fill the
complement, and the working ot tho
concrete- will be the next move.
The work of converting the old fish
market Into a detention Immigration
station, is being rushed to the limit,
so that it will be In fit order for the
reception of the Immigrants expected
In November'.' A great deal of new
Iron roof has 'been put on, and the
some painted Inside and out. Con
crete floor baa becnUald in both wings
of the building, tho full length, with
socket holes left fSr the wall posts,
At the opening of the .bids (or the
third section ot the Hilo breakwater,
a little of the unexpected was sprung
on the local contractors. An EaBt
ern firm has put In a bid ot $2 17 per
ton, which is two cents under the
next lowest bid, which was made by
tho lord-Young Engineering Com
pany. It secmsthat Charles F. Wood,
vice-president of tho Breakwater Com'
pany of Philadelphia, has been In the
;g,an(ls f ,' and ha boen
I U prolK)gU,on and
.. - on tno local contract-
stolon a march on the local contract'
ors. There Is also a claim made that
tho bidding by the Eastern firm docs
not fully comply with the require
ments. Many of the local contract
ors, who are familiar with the situa
tion and conditions here, stato that
the Eastern firm cannot do tho work
at the figure they have namod.
Hccklng the Fly.
With tho arrival of E. K. Carnog,
an ox pert on fruit pests, and sent
hero by the Stato ot California for
the purpose ot making an examination
and an Investigation of tho Mediter
ranean fruit fly and Its destructive
work ou this Island, tho discussion
will be renewed.
Sanitary Inspector Ollvelra reports
that the fly Is taking to the guavaa
las a placo for tho deposit of eggs,
! and In that caBo tho whole Island will
be Infected, on account of the numor-
out. Ho also reports that the people
have fairly well assisted toward the
itia-r-. jJb-A2i iraLluitT. i
HOW UNCLE SAM'S
WATER SUPPLY OF
W. F. Martin and His Assistants Measure the Streams and
Rivers and Save Precious, Fluid for Irrigationftirposes.
There are probably very few peo
ple, outside of ihose Who aro specially
Interested In tho work, who know
what Is being done thfougbout the
Territory in connection with estab
lishing and noting facts tn resart to
the water supply. There. Is a sign
stuck up In the basement of the Capl
tol building, which tells that there Is I
the headquarters of the United States
Geographical Survey, and also ot that
part o( It known as the Water Re
W. F. Martin, who has been' placed
In charge of the work here, Is a
trained university engineer, who has
had a great deal of experience on the
mainland. He and his assistants have
been studying conditions for solne
time, and are now ready to give out
the facta they have come across, and
also some, suggestions that may help
those who have to handle water for
Irrigation and other purposes. Before
saying anything about what results
they have accomplished, however, It
may be as well to describe how they
go about their work.
The Water Resources Branch Is
quite distinct, although in a measure'
the same, as the Geographical Survey'
Department Its specific work Is to'
measure up all the streams and
sources of water, and. to be able' to
show just how much water may' be
expected from any stream a at any
given time during a year. ,Th'ls neces
sitates an cnormdus, amount of detail
work, and also, a, great amount ot
time spent In makihg(tho estimates. '
With the case of -a' stream or river,
they have obscrvors who take a ready
ing of the depth and also the flow ot
water two or three times during the
day. By' this method It Is possible
to ascertain just how much water may
be expected to bo flowing through at
any given dato. This Is especially
valuable whbn tho matter Is worked
out of how much water can be taken
for Irrigation purposes during any
yoar, or during any special month.
The method of measuring a stream
Is an Interesting one. A will be seen
In the Illustration that accompanies
this artlcle,"the men are ln the middle
of a stream, holding what appears to
be a string let down. Into the water.
as a matter of fact this Is a wre,
wnicn is connected with an electrical
contrivance underneath the water.
The current meter,- avIMa usually
known,- consists of four cups, which
are placed on a central axis. When
these are let down. Into, the water
they revolve, and each one -of the rev.
olutlons Is -checked off by an electrical
fixture and telephoned up through the,
Wlrn tn thA man knMIH. , -. ,lJ
top, who has a receiver fixed over
nis ear. Ho also has a ston watch Irf
hla band, and bylthls he counts up
the number of revolutions that the
cones mako down i below. From this
ho can work'tout tho rate of flow,
uming a section of a stream, thd
current meter Is lowered Into It until
u is two-tenths of the depth below
tho surface. The number of revolu
tions that the cones makn la th.
checked off, and the meter Is drooned
J Ati . - . "
uown unui u is eignt-tepths from tba
iop or two-tenths from the bottom.
The meln of the two readings Is then
taken, and tho result Is the speed at
which the .water Is flowing at that
particular spot '
In order to make certain, however,
trat a true meln, shall be obtained,
readings aro,, token as close as (two
feet apart right,", across tne width of
.mo iui. , me mem ot tne Who e
lnt Is than !!..- -. i ... .
Is then taken,' and from this Ja"
calculated out the velocity of the
water and also the amount of water
that Is passing down. This Is done
by means of tables which iWv. !hL
worked out br onerl nH hoJ hL,
tlrnvo,l AH., nn.1 .... . Mi
.......... ,s, u UYKr aB;aiD, Alto no
current meter Is sent out of the. fac
tory until it has been tested, not only
by the tables, but bythe actual work
ing out of tho calculations. In (he
case of a large stream, a bridge has
often to be built across to lower the
By taking these readlnn f Uu.
tances along the stream, It Is pos
slble to see how much loss thre Is
from leakage or how much, ex'tra
water comos In. These results. Ukn
in conjunction with the observations
made by tho men stationed along' the
banks, give a good Idea of how much
Jr ,s runnlnB throughout the year.
ih?2 T0? ta Iaree'y ""WlveJ
tho Fodoral Ooverhment'gvng $5006
"hiT fr the work done h m-
the Territory putting another $10.00b
beneflt of the Work done,! however,
and It also gets, the benefit 'of '
printed results.vwhlch work' Is carried
out by the Federal antborltles, We
are very well looked fi- h n.1 ..
threa,z'ho:"'!!:!.t.ho ?i ?. pf
-n"wuoi loreson state
Is round about $2000vOr,$000. , f
Measuring Watn. I l ?
To come down to mm. n.V. ...'
Kostlons which Mr, Martin has Blvan
rau canon of tho fruit fly- by ob$erV
Ing tho request to pick k of tho
decayed ,, faIon fruU a
of It In a manner that would be death
.11 .. -. i1- . 1 " vi 1 "
J the maggots rlierelrt should there!1""1'1 on a 8lx weeks' ,our of tDB
uo "ny present. ' l i Bouth. , ' l. 1J.LH1II
onf, one of the most Important ones
Is that a different system of measure
pent shall be taken up here. At the
present time there Is only one way
for. expressing both "flow and Capacity,
and that Is by, gallons, rf you speak
of a stream as a million-gallon one,
you mean that' during' fwenty'four
I....-- 1 Midi.... .II.-.L1 sfaftM.
.hours one million gallons' of water
Will flow through Its banks past 'a
given point This term of fallen Is
also use'd to, express capacity, tor you
speak of a million-gallon reservoir.
This last way of using It Is tho cor-
Lrecjone. as It gives you some Idea
of the quantity of water that yon
bave collected In one place. When
you come to use It for the flow of
a stream, however, It Is rather out of
place, for no connection between the
amount of water coming down the
trmm land the quantity needed to
Irrigate an acre of land can be made,
except by the rough and ready moth
ods ln use at the present time.
The basis of measurement which Is
In ,use on the mainland and in other
parts Of the worjd la that ot acre
feet, and second-feet The first term
means, the quantity of. water that Is
needed to cover an acre ot ground
on effect deep with water, or a quan
tity of watemequal tq twelve Inches
of, rainfall. The term second-foot Is
an abbreviation. for ono cubic foot of
water a second, and, as tho full name
irnplles, means that every second one
cubic foot of water will pass a given
point as the stream flows. '
Tnls may sound somewhat' confus
ing fit first," but when It is seen how
easy'U Is to get somenldea ot how
much water a stream will glvo for
Irrigation purposes when you have
Its flow mentioned In second-feet, you
may change your mind. Take a
stream that has a flow of one million
gallons during every twenty-four
hours According to local knowledge
this amount of water Is enough. to
Irpgate one hundred acres of cane.
Beyond this fact, however, very little
Is known. '
Say that Instead ot .saying the
'stream, lias a flow of one pillion gal
lons, it is noieu as a tiircaiu ruiai
has a flow ot 1.55 second feet, which
means ihe Bame'when worked out as
one million gallons This means that
pvery second,' there Is a pubic foot of
.water avatlabto 'for Irrigation pur'
poses. Now It Is known that one
second-foot Is equal, to two acre-feet
taking Oils out further, t will be seen
that a stream, with a flpw ot one second-foot
Is capable of covering two
acres of land with avfoot of water
every day." -This alsojiucans that our
original stream has a supply of water
that Is equal to twolvo inches' of rain
over two acres. .
f, It has been i worked .out that a
million galloHsiof water,, is equal to
' thre ",e-fMt,u following, along the
Jlncs that the-million gallons may be
caned l.bu eccona-ieoi. ,.. working
along lines such as these, 'H will be
seen that an 'Idea ot something defi
nite can be obtained between the con
nection of the flow of the stream and
the rainfall which this represent.
For stance. It has been stated bo-
I aik Ia4V n villi lAfi.nnl Inn alHam Mtlll
fore that a million-gallon .stream will
irrigate one hundred acres of cane.
Worked out by second-feet, we have
It that the stream, when put on the
ground, equals 132 Inches ot rainfall
In the year.
Lets of Water.
'' As previously reported In The
Bulletin. Mr. Martin has been
'Working on the ampunt'ot water that
'is lost In 'a ditch, and has found out
that 'there Is hardly one ot the ditches
here that does not lose a certain
amount of water durlnir' Its lenctlL
In. some cases It has been found thai
i. ... -'- . i- ii.
na uiuuu an lurjty pur win ib iuu
By means ot his observations he
can'.tellcthe owners vbf ' the stream
jUsfat what, place they are losing
the water, and they wllhtnen be able
to' get to work and remedy it There
are men on two of tbe'btber Islands,
alt doing the same work and report
ing back to Mr. Martin, so tbat he can
work upon the data. A yearly report
is published In all of the 8tates, and
from this the farmers and Irrigation
men can see just exactly what water
they may expect during certain peri
ods of the year. Many of tbe planta
tions here have ordered current me
ters and will make calculations for
themselves. There has been no re
port published as yet, but there will
be, one at the end of the present year,
when Mr. .Martin has all his data to
gether, The worK of the department dpes
pot consist of sitting Inside and mak
ing calculations. Evory stream and
ditch, has to" bo visited at all times
of tho, year and the various calcula
tions made.. From time to time Mr.
Martin expects to' be able to give out
some valuable Information In conneo
t'Ofy.wlth our,-wator supply here.'i
1 ' ., . ) .. i i i , (.
The A- 8. Alloy Shoo' Company,
manufacturers' of, shoos in' Lynn for
the' past 'ten years, havo made a'n
assignment to Joseph I Barry, a Lynn
lawyer and Charles B. Stevens of
Seven Southern senators requested
President Taft to send tho Marino
HOOGS TO HEAD
G. Fred Bush, chairman of the Ha
waii Promotion Committee, retired at
the end of a very successful year yes
terday, and his place was taken by
W. 11. Hoogs, who has represented tne
Chamber of Commerce on the Com
mittee. An Bush was a very popular
chairman and Ono credited with get
ting unusual' results, so Is Hoogs ex
pected to carry on the chairman's
worki In an .efficient-and hard-working
a manner, 'as ho nasi been Indefatig
able In, tho past
Z. K. Myers1, manager of the Homo
Insurance Company was elected to
fill the vacancy left by tho change.
The .other members, WH. Mclnerny
and Q. von Damm ot the 'Merchants'
Association, and Paul Isenbcrg, ot tho
Chamber of Commerce, were reelect
ed. Award was made of the $100 prize
for the best floral parade poster de
sign submitted, tho award going to
L. C. Henderson, of the naval station,
a hitherto unheralded competitor. His
design Is In blue, green and white and
shows three pa-u riders. The com-
blnatoln of poster effect and local
color Is a good one. ,
Secretary H. P. Wood, who Is chair
man ot the Hawaii Commission to the
Panama-Paclflc exposition, was given ,
leave of absence andvWlll sail with
Mra. Wood on the Wllhelmlna tor the
coast, where he1 wilt put in several
weeks paying particular-attention to
San Francisco but will vlllttha Urg-'
er cities of the cdast pryndjng the,
gospel of, Hawaii.
-T' f'i .75(1 -JJ
Expgtfrnents With Cage Type
Develop Faults Is Report
BAN FRANCISCO, Sept 1. Tests
ot efficiency, of the new. cage masts
recently Installed, on ' tho cruisers of
the Pacific fleets and on many of the
warships ot the Atlantic fleet may rd-
suit In a'Mlscovory that the old mill-"
tary .'masts are the better, after-all.''
The cruisers West Vlrglnla'v"and
Colorado arrived In port yesterday"
from Puget Sound with reports ofMe
tailed observations, qt the pracilcah--lllty
or thelrtcago masts, which' aro'1
deslgaed fonflre control, range flniT-1
Ing and spotting work. The substl"
tutlon of tho steel notwork towers for
the rigid military masts was devis
ed to "give greater safety against
chance shots i In tlmo of battle. ' L
' Trials' of the towers have, demon
strated that they aro' not stiff enough
to withstand 'the vibrations' of a ship
under forced, draught, and thafob
rervatlon work for range finding nnd .
fire "control Is much more difficult on
account of the Increased motion? ' '
'While no report of the 'tests was
given out yesterday by ihe officers of
tho Wcsti Virginia and Colorado, It U
understood that thry found the mas(s
unsatisfactory at any speed over fif
teen knots per hour. They found that
at high speed there was a twisting
motion from the peaks down which
they ascribed to the lightness of the
materials usod In construction.
Military-and naval experts will be
Interested In the outcome 'of theso
tests. The new mastswere the causa
ot much cpmmcnt on tne recent viBtt
'of tpoi Atlantic fleiti jpjISjrplrt "
IslWe 'iPfeuv InstWlmen) JJuW )as
been much" expert llsotiMWo',.df their
, SANTA BATtBAnAi ,Pal , Aug. 31.
BecBUne"JapAhene rishermen, who, say
they have' tho -ccluiil,e privilege of
angling ulonit tho whores of Santa Cruz
Island, life demanding rantalij from
American flsbermnn. thre promises to
be a war between tho two camps.
There wero Indications, today . that
there may'Ke bloodshed before, tho mat
ter Is settled. Tho Jupunese, operating
under the ''name of the Asah) Fishing
Company of I.oh Angeles, said that they
paid Calre Brothers of San Francisco,
owners of'tlie Ikland, a good price for
uxclustve rights tn the Ashing grounds.
More than u dozen fishing camps are
being run on the Inland by Americans.
r,nd during the lu-t week the Japanese
have given them orders to vacate.
Tho Americans .ire determined to re
main on the InlHnd, and the Japanese
fare Ms dstermlui-il they shall not. A
tldsh Is liourl.' evicted.
When dovtrnl lM Americans left
here tonight1 for the Island they were
prcpuTod for battle
'A party of, berry pickers returning
to" 'Manslleld, Mich, In a launch cap
sized tn the Mlchltfun river near the
mouth ot'Fonco rjyer The launch
contained seven persona, five of whom
The list of unemployed in Lowell,
Miikm , nt the present time is larger
than It has been for many years
Mrs Elisabeth Akers Allen, author
and writer, died at her home at Tuck
alioe, N, V nt the age ot 79 enrs.
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