Newspaper Page Text
EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H., TUESDAY, OCT. 31, 1911.
The War Fifty
Kentucky Invaded by Confederates This Drives State
Into Armed Support of the Union Governor Ma
goffin's Neutrality Policy Voted Down General Polk
and General Zollicoffer Enter State From Opposite
Sides Grant Seizes Paducah and Proclaims In
tention to Respect Rights of All Loyal Citizens.
General Buckncr Makes Movement Against Louisville.
General Anderson, Hero of Sumter, on the Scone.
His 111 Health Makes General Sherman His Sue
cessor Privateer Jeff Davis Sunk Off St. Augustine.
By JAMES A. EDr.EKTnv
tCopyrlglit by Amc-rlcim Ptcis Aiocl-
THE Invasion of Kentucky by the
Confederates on Sept. 4, lfet',1,
drovo Hint state Into nrnicil
support of tlio Union. Up to
Hint ttmo slic hnil been neutral, rcfus
Ins to furnish her quota of troops to
tliu Federal government, but nt the
same tlmo opposing tlio secession of
the cotton states. While ninny of lier
citizens enlisted In botb armies, she
would not permit troops of either sldo
to set foot on her soil. This proved In
the end nn Illogical und Impossible po
sltlon. In tho life aiul denth struggla '
thnt wns going on In tho nation thcro
could bo no neutrals. Every t(nto wns
compelled to take sides, mid this wns
cspcchlly true of Kentucky, situated
THIS UNIQUE LIKENESS OK UI.YSSFS 8. GUANT. SHOWING HIM
WITH HEAUI) VE11Y MUCH I.ONOEK THAN HE WORK IT AFTER
HE I1ECA.MK FAMOUS. IS MADE FIIOM A I'lIOTOGHAArH TAKEN
WHEN HE WAS A NEWLY MADE I1RIGADIEK IN COMMAND AT
CAIItO, ILU, EAItl.Y IN SIUTKMIIKR. 1801.
as she was on tho border of tho two
contending sections. Itotb tbu Wnsh
Ingtou iiikI Itlcliunaid governiuents
pel hups tnuiited on this mid wen- only
walling to see, on which sldo uf tliu
fence Kentucky would climb down.
As to this there could be llttlu doubt,
since tho voters of the statu had ill
le.uly Indicated tint they were with
the Union. In the June elections the J
candidates of that sldo had been elect-
ed by overvv helming majorities. let
while maintaining her lo.vulty to the
constitution Kentuvky had believed to
the end in peace and compromise, and
It was doubtless because of this senti
ment that she attempted to bo ueulr.il
)n the struggle. j
Henry Clay hnd been dead nine)
..i.. .i an III J util t If M'llJ VllIM' til II lt t
nllve 'in Kentucky, whoso present attl I
...a.. ,..i ... .Li.,. i,u nr..i..m. ,,ri...
lillJ pn nun , in i. - ...
clples of hi) ally to tho Union und oft
nltempted compromise between tlio
lioith and thu south.
Hour for Compromise Fast
However admirable the nttltude of
Henry Clny In Ids own lime, the hour
for compromise wus now past. The
otilv way to reach peico was by n wnr1
that would eradicate tho loot of the
double. As It turned out. the north1
won few vli lories until after the Is
KUiiuco of the em inelpntion prod.iuin-'
linn. In the iilsls of a mnn or a
nation hnlfvvny menmires do not nn-i
svver. In tlio nature, or tniiici mere
'can bo no peruriueiit fiimr-roinlMi In
matters of principle.
The foremost ndvoento of neutrality
111 Kentucky wns Governor llirl.ih
Mngoflln, who liuil refused Lincoln's
' call for troops and Irid b"on constant
In his reeoiiimeiidillons to the leglsln-
)uio to take no sides In the contest and
fo keep Kentucky soil free fiom iiiomi.
Sboitly before the Invasion of the,
state by thti southern mniles Go' er
nor Magollln had wiltlen both to I'resl-,
ilvnt Lliirolu nt Washington and Presi
dent Dnvts nt Richmond, asking them
to observe the neutrality of tho stnlo
nnd to keep their troops from her bor
ders. To Lincoln he protested agilnst
n fone nf homo guards which General
N'oNon was raising In Kentucky with
out (ho (onseiit of the iiulhniltles Tlio
president replied In etloct that (best
"forces ImdoeenVrultedJntvtho re -
nuost nf Kontiioklnns nnd said thnt llO
hnd every reason to believe n majority'
of the people of the stnte were In fnvor
of their retention. Therefore he would
not withdraw them. Mr. Pavls ro
piled In general terms thnt his govern
meut had respected the neutrality of
Kentucky nnd would do so. Yet It
was at about this tlmo thnt General
t.contdns lolk was planning his Inva
sion of the stnte, a uiovp that Davis
nlmost Immediately approved na a
Confederates Invade Kentucky.
General Folk occupied Hickman and
Chalk bluffs, near Columbus, on Sept
1. His excuse for tho action was that
Villon troops hnd been recruited In
Kentucky nnd depots established, that
federal fortifications had been erected
ou tho opposlto sldo of tho river In
Missouri nnd thnt ho had Information
of u proM)sed occupancy if Columbus
nnd other points by the northern
forces. Moreover, ho had Informed
President Dnvh of tho movement, who
bud approved It.
Almost simultaneously wllli Genera!
Polk's occupation of Columbus ?!
will Zollkoffer had entered tho other
" ' the "J"''- llu - t ( "
(.iipmmi u iiiiuiocr hi
liomu gu.uds mid took Cumberland
Later ho announced to Governor Ma
piflln that tlio safety of Toniiusieo
demanded that the Confederates oc
cupy three Mountains In tho v Utility
of Cuuibeil.iiid, whbh ti.ut bcut done.
The I'nlon men claimed that tho si
multaneous ncLiirroiKU of theso two
"Idcly H-paiated movements of l'olk
nun y.e.iiicuucr nun inn iiuuiiumin "i
piovjil of I'resldcut Davis liulluitcd u
pit-concerted pluu to liivudo the. state.
Grant Seizes Paducah.
General U. S. Grant was at this tlmo
In command of tho Union forces In
Houllieat-lern Missouri and moved Im
mediately, l'olk had entered Ken-
tmky on Sept -1. .olllcoffer on the
Gib. nnd Grant Ihiovv his force across
tho river und wlcd IMducah on (lie
lllh. IIo fruiid Confederate Hags fly
ing In tho (own In nntUlpatloii of tho
Milruro of tho plnco by the Confeder
ates. In fact, thu southern forces
were only sKlecu miles dlhtunt, but
turned back when Informed that l'a
diicah wns already occupied by tho
I'iderals. Grant Issued tho following
"I liavu innio. iimojig jou, not ns un
enemy, but as your fellow citizen; not
to iu.iltre.it or annoy )ou, but to ro
sped nud enforce tho rights of all
"An enemy In lebelllon ncalnt our
common government uns liken posses
sion of and plnnted his puns on tho soil
of KentiKky and fired upon you. Co
lumbus mid HI' kman nro In his hnnds.
Ho U manning upon )our city. 1
am hero to defend you against this
enemy, to assist the nuthorlty und ov
eielguty of imr governineut.
"I lnve nothing to do vlth ijplnlons
nnd s'"i'l ib'ul onlv with nrmed rebel-
"I'Urs and abettors. You
' nn f'TSUU :,or usual avocntign with-
er... i ...
nnd tii'S, 1. . u . '
Is mntilfi-. Hint j 1. 1 1 1-1 .,..
juiiiM'lves r.nd 1. 1..111.1111 t n
ity uf tl.e gov uun.ei t ! . 1 1 ; t .
rii;Ti t of loj-.il illLcc 1 shall v .'lid .i
(he forces under my eouiriji.d
'the slcunttiro to tills pioclmnttbu
"U. B. Onint," did not coiiiMitud the
attention that would line been given
It one jenr Inter, but wns doubtless
linllcd with Joy by the loyal dtl.cns
of l'adilcnb, who forthwith tore down
tlio Confederate Hugs.
On tho Uny previous to Grant's oc
cupation of ruducnu Governor Magof
fin had shown his hand. Tho legisla
ture hnd already met on Sept. 1!, und
three days Inter Magollln cent In a
message demanding that tho Union
troops under Nelson nt "Comp Dick
lloblnson" nnd other bands raised In
the stnte should bo withdrawn. In re
sponse tho legislature took exactly tho
Ily declslvo majorities
It pnssrd resolutions demanding that
tho Confedcrnto troops withdraw and
voted down an amendment Including
the Union troops In tho order; declared
that tho soil of Kentucky hnd been In
vaded and, called on tho governor to
summon tho military forces of the
stnte to drive out the Invaders: asked
the national government for aid and
assistance and requested Oencrnl Rob
ert Anderson, the hero of Tort Sumter,
who hnd since been assigned to Kn
tucky, to outer upon "tho discharge of
This wns putting Kentucky Into tho
contcstwlth n vengeance. Gov ernor Mn
goQln promptly vetoed the resolutions,
but tho legislature no less promptly
passed them over his veto'. Not only
so, but It took oth-r steps to put Ken
tucky on nn nrmed footing ns n Union
stnte nnd In plnco Its wnr supplies nnd
soldiers nt tlio dNposal of the national
government. At Inst tho tlctlon of neu
trality wns cast aside, nnd the Illuo
Grnss Stnlo took her stand with her
filters at tho north.
Heretofore thu lino of battle bad
been n broken one, extending through
Virginia unci what Is now West Vlr
gluln, ending with Kentucky and ie
sinning Its course ngaln through Mis
souri. Now tho gap wns tilled. and tho
lino liecnmo continuous from Missouri
In tho west to Virginia In tho asr.
Buckner Threatens Louisville.
Generals l'olk and ZollIcolTer were
not tho only Confederates to Invndo
the state. Simon II. llucl. tier, formerly
uf the Kentucky state guard, but now
a Confederate tirignillcr, rapidly en
tered the state vvltli tho design to cap
ture Iailsvllle. Ho wus swiftly ap
proaching by railroad when tho au
thorities took nlnrnt nnd sent out un
cnglno to Investigate. This wns rnp
tured by lluckner, but tho fireman es
rnped. got it Iinndenr nnd ran bnck to
the city to give tho alarm. General
Anderson Inttyposed n Union force, and
lluckner stopped at Howling Green.
Kentucky's notion had Immediate po
litical effects. Senator John C llrcck
lurldge, Humphrey Marshall, John
Morgan nnd others In s)inpalhy with
the ninth now departed fiom the state
and took up urins for tho Confederacy.
On the other band, the Union men be
gun active measures for defense. Gen
eral Anderson was placed In command,
but ou uceouut uf HI health delegated
tho task to General William T. Slier
mnn, who established a ennip near that
of lluckner nt Howling Green.
Until sides bad entertained great
hopes of winning Kentucky, mid It Is
prphnblo that tho Confederate, authori
ties counted on the movements of l'olk,
.olllcoffer nnd lluckner to bnlnnce the
senlo In their favor. Instead they hnd
oxnetly the opposite effect mid forced
Kentucky Into the nrms of tho Union.
clKSr.lUL BOHKBT AMDKVSOX, UIRO OF
ruur suutrn, ArroiMicD to a kkn-
Tl'OET CoailANU IN BU1IUXR Or 1S01,
HUT rcl(Kl)l'I 1IY OKKKIIAl, W. T.
SIIKIIMHN CN ACCOUNT Or 1I.L HIAI.TII.
Thu outcuiuo caused tbo first rent re
joicing nt Washington bIiko tho dark
days of Hull Run.
Tho week ending Sept. 0 saw fuvv
other events of Impoitnticc. Ou Sept.
U the prlvntrer .Toff Davis was report
ed sunk, having; struck n bur off St.
Auguslliie. This created mild Interest
In tho north, whkh noxt day was
raised to fever heat by tho rumor that
Jefferson Davis himself was dead.
The city of Washington was nlnrmed
by the appearance of Confedcrnto forts
ou Miiuhou's hill. In sight of tbo cap
ital. On Sept. 5 the body of Genernl
Nathaniel Lmu was laid nt rest nt
Enstford, Conn., Speaker Gnlushn A.
Grow pronouncing the funeral erntlon.
Sept, b Washington's church In Alex
andria was opened, Union soldiers
pla.vlng tho organ nnd composing the
chair, nnd on Sept. ft the Itusslaii min
ister at Washington presented n re
mnrknble communication fiom the
rrnr, freely glvliu; ndvlco and express
ing friendship for the United States. ,
''' ' J ' .(.T3H i ' ii JWrWlTlr
The Lament, "I Lack Encrtjy to
Do My Work," Is Common
Amonq Those Who
Tho limn or vvoninn whose blood Is
thin cannot succeed Rich, led blood
means energy, courage, strong nerves,
will power, tho elements that go to
make health nnd happiness. It nicniis
a large inensuro of success In life.
Thin blood menus debility, weak
nerves, poor appetite, sleeplessness,
conditions Hint so handicap tho victim
that failure is certain.
'About eight years ago when I tins
living nt Hutchinson, Kims.," sas
.Mrs. C, 11. Mcrs, of No. 10." West Ced
ar avenue, Enid. Okln., "I bec.uno gen
erally run down nnd my blood was
turning to vvnter. I was p.ue, vveaK,
and emaciated .and lacked energ to
do my work. 1 had severe pains
through tho back ami at times was
In bed for u day or so nnd once for
tin co weeks.
"The doctors' medicines helped mo
for n tlmo only hut I wan not cured
They said that I was suffering from
general debility nnd bloiidnesnes A
friend, who hnd been cured of debility
by Dr. Williams I'lnk I'llls. urged me
to try them. I was cured after taking
n few boxes. I have used the pills III
my family whenever a toule was need
ed nnd have never had to cnll n ph
Dr. Williams' I'lnk I'llls mo n ler
t it In blood-builder mid nro especially
ndiipted for tho treatment of diseases
arising rrom n Inck of blood In no
disease Is their uso more suitable than
In iiniieinlii, which Is particularly com
mon In children of school age The
disease Is Htealthy In fastening Itself
on Its victims but Its approach may
be detected by tho peculiar pallor,
languor. Indisposition to exertion,
shortness of breath, and palpitation
of tlio heart. Tho presence of theso
smptoms In tho )oung girl or ho)
Indicates that tho blook Is linking In
llchncss and purity. If the blood Is
neglected pioper growth and health
Dr. Williams' I'lnk I'llls are Mild by
all druggists, or will bo sent, post
paid, on receipt of price, no cents per
box: six boxes for $2 Ml, by tho Dr
Williams Medlelnn Company. Schcme
tiuly, N. Y. Our booklet, "Diseases of
tho Wood." Is free on request and
should bo rend by every Biifieicr from
thlu or liupuro blood.
Six cfendnnts faced Judge Monsar
rat this inoriiliig. cliarged with as
sault and batter). They wero Mr. mid
Mis. Ilaama. Japanese; Manuel Vns-j
eoucellos and Manuel Corro.i, roilii-
gueses; Kiililn Iveanuii i. iiiivvau, aioi
M. Mlklfomff, ItusHiuil. Most or tlieiil,
Gcorgo Ha", arrested on a charge
or eniticz7lciuent, was committed to
the circuit court. Ho told tho court,
that ho was guilty and was ready to
accept tho Hcntcnco of tho ciiuit
II. Illgglus. arrested ou n soilous
charge will bo tried next Friday
morning, llo will bo loprosented by
I.. M. Straus. C A. Gidlck, who vio
lated tho iiuloiuobllo oiilluuiico was
In court, but owing to tho ubsenco of
Motoic)clo Olllccr Chilton, tho nut
ter was put over until next Saturday
Ucliida, whoso name bad been on
IhiIIco court calendar for soino tlmo,
was tiled this morning. Thrco drunks
were each taxed a fciu.ill lino.
UPHOLD DISTRICT COURT
ON SPLIT DECISION
Tho siipieinu court )ostordny altei
licMin upheld the verdict of Judge
Munsarrul in the district couit when
hu convicted llu Scong of furnishing
opium. Chief Jimtlio Hobortson ills
tented to tho decision of Jiibtlces
Perry and Do Unit.
Tho whole of tho en" HWiing ou
tho meaning of tho woul furnish.
Judge Itobluson when tho cise cimn
to him In tbo circuit court rovoiseii
tho vcidjct of tho district magistrate.
Tho opinion of tho siipicnio court h)h
In pait. Tho word "furnish" Is n com
prehensive term mid Includes many
dllTorciit wa)s b) -which nu article
may be supplied or dellvood by una
lieisou to mid accepted by another.
And. while tho word "furnish" would,
oidluarll), Include within its meaning
most transactions tdioulng a siilo ant
delivery of tho article sold, )cL It
would piobably not Includo all nales
tuch for Instanco as a snlo without
actual delivery of tho article,"
Again, "Wheio tho defendant Is
rhnrgoil with tlio ofTenso of furnish
ing opium to another In violation of
tho statute mid tho evidence shows
sale and delivciy of the opium by tho
defendant to another, a couvlclloii of
the delmiilain bv the magistrate must
Announcement of the marriage of
John Donaldson Nichols, u Huivardl
football star of live )c.tis ago, mid,
Countess vou Cc)lnnc!t, daughtor of
Count von (le)lanclt, nieiiilior of the
Dutch 1'arllnment, has been matin tu
The crulwr I'liieliinnll has In un or
dered III eominlSHlnii at the Mure Island
linvi in .1. not later rtimi November
IE, tu iclluvo tbo New Olle.ins, ordered
homo fiom tliu AslatloJ)ltatlou Tor re-palm.
Of the Entire Stock of Dry Goods
50c. on the Dollar and Less
Great preparations have been made for
another week of tremendous selling. Store
should and will be crowded to the limit on
Monday and the following days.
Waists, Neckwear, Veilings,
Novelties, Leather Bags, Laces,
Dress Goods, Muslin wear,
Ladies' and Children's Dresses,
Skirts, Hosiery, etc.
The Goods must be closed out, no matter
how great the sacrifice.
Annual Men's Meeting Is a
Olllcers elected nt the foiiith an
nual mietliig of the Men's U'lguo of
the Ceiilial Union iIiiikIi In tho par
ish lioiiso last evening welo as fol
lows: l'lestilent, John It. (lilt; vlce-piesi-ilent,
J. W. (llluioie; secrelar),
Chiules It. 1'iazloi tic.iMiioi. W. II.
lliowii; lounclllors, A Lewis, Jr., A
F. (Irllllths, Uobort 1'iatl. V. T. I'opo
YV. I.. Whittle) and J i: IIIrkIus. In
each Instance tho choice was unani
mous. There was n Inro attendance, and
following a sumptuous spic.nl, the
meeting was called to older for tho
transaction of annual business. Cluir
inaii A. I.oivls. Ji , undo his repoil,
Willi h was lollowed by the loporl of
iTrciHiner J. It (Inlt. Tho sedloii
leaders then made their reports, as which theio wore nt ouo tlmo in in
follows- Friendship scttlon, W. A.! tho list or II. M.'s Navy, have met
llowim- social study, Dr Victor S.'lth serious arclclunts, but the vessel
Clink; mkIiiI seivlce. Dr W. C. n,,),.' hlrh will bo sold t nmtn .it l
.,. ,.i.ie seetlon ludcoW I. Whit-' 'inlinalt on October 9 mid 10 h Slevv
d), civ hutlon iiott. - vvmii ,rl willbiins. nuclei ot.lcrs of tho Kli
ne) ; leilguius wors hieiion. ran, occ -
Hoslclo these icports I'aul Hupor I testlmoii) to her slnunchiiess. Tho
I. CiMike, IMgi.r Wood und J. It. (lull Kgerla was launched In 1S75 and tins
spolco In connection with tho "lllg uover been In action. Ouo or bet sis-Hi-other
Movement" mid gavo mnnv tor ships ran ashoie with her noso
good reasons why nil ought to Join III 1'oHHcd In the dliecllon of n light
It. The annual dues mo one dolhr,' ,""8 " llcl' wa" "'" ott lar,lH
, ' ' . ,, ,. , uwjy. Another was sunk h; an u-
nnd tho speakeis stated that every I ,,,,, Tho PBhCl nllH t , ,
Tho adcliess of the evening was giv
en h) .linlge W. 1, Whittle), who pro
faced tho remarks of Mr. Super by
telling of his experience with tho
ho)K of lloiiolnlu who hivo tomo un-
,,er the luilsdlc...,,, of the JiivonMe
court, nud unking :i stiong plea ro.
the lllg llioilier Movement. !
due or tho Inteiestliig i0iort8 or
tho uvculug was that of Dr. W. C
Fort St., opp. Catholic Church
llobdy on "Social Service," Idling of
tho wink which hid been accoiupllhh
cd during tho cnr at l'a Ola ramp,
where clghty-clght tuberculosis pa
tleiilH were treated Ihioiigh the fimilJ
raided by numbers of the league.
Of tlio elgho-elght patients, slxtv
Ibieo weio victims of buna tblo lilher
culosls, ami of this number eighteen
vveio sent homo cuied. Of tho twenty
five who gave tuberculosis i.Ikiis,
twcnly-tlueo weio cured at tho lustl
Dr. llobdy laid much emphasis up
on the wink dono through the lln.in
tl.it iihsistanio fllllllhllCil In- tho
league, mid said there wero 310 doiths
linni tuberculosis In tho Territory
last jear, all of which could have
been pieveuled bail pioper menus for
lieatment of tbo patients been mail
able. President (liltllths, or Oahu College,
In icKirllng ou the fiimls to chitv ou
the tuberculir work slatoii Hint tlieie
had been biibscrlbed for this )c,ir,i
?L',ril7..'ii, eousldoiably moro than has
In en available at any tlmu In tho
VIGTOHIA. II. C. Oct. I. Many of
l loe Kinii-i union in n. m, n, l.KHia in
iah Aclnril,ty, ll!lH (W1MIC, accident
. thrciiighoiit her entire ciueor strong
uour the Straits of Magellan. I lie
captain was taking a biith and when
tho explosion took plnco bo Jiimp"il
out of u port and escaped iiiihml,
while iiiiiny nlhois of tho ciew weio
K'llod or liijuiod The Kgeilu would
llli 1..... flim .. ial ii.u ii.l ulminnli ill
. S(i f(j. U ,,,,. nr ,,, ttIll
ers t, ,!(, r,,,- vvhlch sho ,CJuld ven
easily be adapted, or she would make
a wivcUliig craft par excellence,
Seveial existing records woie
smashed In the vo)ago o tho Mntn-'ii
Navigation steimcr Wllliclmlu.i which
was completed with tho arrival of thai
vcsi-el at llnckfclei Ah.nr early this
morning completing it run down fiom
tbu Coast in llvo davs Hixtccu hours.
Not only did thu steamer bring
clown the largest list of cibln i.iKhoii
gors in her history, n.iinel) ono huii
clied mid llfl)-suvcn, but tbo record
shipment or automobiles arrived
eighteen machines or various inalie.i
and conslgueil to tho scvci.il local Im
porting Huns vvcro luclinlcd In thu
four thocmanil luns of general curg'i
for dlbchargo at this port.
Tlio Wllhclmlna brought I nil
the consignment having been given to
the Chi)o Mum, but the Matsoti ves
sel was at hor wh.uf some tlmo b
foie thu Japanese lioat tin ill) nego
tiated Alukcu wharf.
The Wllheluiiiin is to sail for-1 lib
on I'rldav evening and becausu of u
holiday will not icluru to Honolulu
letore Monday iiioinlng.
While at Hie Hawaii port tlio ves
sel will bo discharged of ITS:' Ioim
trolsht all of a gcncial nature lit
Lliidlug suppllen and lines of (c.l
Twenty steeraBe nsciigeis mrlv
ed In tho steamer The olllceru to-
port a pleasant trip down fiom tio
Coast with the exception of the ll-st
few tin) h when the Wlllieliulna mot
with n heavy head sea.
The vessel wns fillrl) crowded 'but
as ouo olllclal stated this inoinlni;,
iheio was alwas loom for ono or two
nioie had the) applied for tiuntipir
tntlnn. A large number of tnurltn we o
numborcd aiuoiig tho.pyjcMjKera.
DULLETIN ADS PAV-MM
I, i.,.?. sk(L- I t jA-il .
flf- -I- . . v if. ,J
v 'jjjtoii ! Jl ''