Newspaper Page Text
BUCKNAM IS NOT WITH TURKISH
NAVY NOW; MAY YET BE CALLED
TRIPOLI, THE LITTLE-KNOWN DESERT COUNTRY
ROYAL DURDAR OF INDIA TO DE
GORGEOUS; DELHI HARD AT WORK
FOR WHICH ITALY HAS JEOPARDIZED HER
Want Ad Sectoin f
Friends of Cnpt. n. D. llucknnm, well
Known In Iliiniiltilu from the time, not
co many yearn ago, when lio wus un
ulllii-r In tlio 1'aclllo merchant marine,
have expected to pea lilm figuring
somewhere In tlio Turkish-Italian war.
However, according to a New York pa.
per, llucknam l'nslui lias been out of
the Turkish nnvy, of which ho wnH
hi ad, fur more than n year, A New
York illxpateli says:
NKW YUItK, N. Y., Oct. 14. Friends
of Hansford 1). llucknam, orgnnlzcr of
thu present Tuiklih navy and until n
year ngu Itn ailmlral, uru wondering
what has become of lilm since IiIm Kllil
Oeii eclipse In Turkish affairs follow
Ini; tho rise of thu Young Turk party
nod the overthrow of Sultan Alalul
It Ib claimed that Hiicknnm's only
orreiise to thu Young Turku wan his re
fusal to renounce his American citizen
Khlp iilul liecomo a Turkish subject. At
the time of Abdul llamld'x downfall
llucknam took Hides only to the extent
of Influencing tho Young Turks not to
harm the fallen HuHuii'h person mid
for this they were Krateful when they
had tukeii lime to rellcct.
Not With Navy Now.
"Until Ynssuf '.la Tasini, tho Turkish
Ambassador at Washington, iinnoiiiKcd
a few days ago that lluchnaui, who ell
joyed tho distinction of being the only
American-burn pasha, was no longer
connected with tho Turkish navy uinl
would not figure In the present war. It
had been expected by his friends hero
that he would appear In the day's news
lis In cummand of the Iteet.
Now they ure asking what has be
come of him. He was 111 New York
City a year ago. llo then told several
of his friends thnt he was going back
In Turkey Immediately and expected
that all differences between himself
mid the Young Turks would be ad
justed. He had a number of railroad
and electric lighting and power plant
concessions und expected to gain under
the new government nil of the prestlgo
ho had enjoyed under the old.
Put Edge on Navy.
dipt. V. H, 'Wagner, U. S. N retired.
Is one of Hiicknnm's friends, who were
making diligent Inquiries for lilm yes
terday. Ht recalled, wltli others who
had known llucknam, his visit to this
city of ii year uga and his plans for Ills
future career In Turkey,
"I run say uno thing unite positive
ly," declared Capt. Wagner, "and that
Is that whatever lighting edge thu
Turkish navy has In It at this tlmn
llucknam put there, and ho put It there
by Imitating to as complete u degree
nn he could the methods of drill nnd
discipline In vogue on the United States
battleships. Not that ho himself had
ii naval officer's training In this coun
try he was never In the navy here
but because he cooperated with naval
olllcliilh here who had retired from thu
service and gained tho benellt of their
skill for Turkey."
While hero llucknam visited the
('romp Compuny's plant lit 1,'lillailelphla,
where ho had been employed before i
he undertook to deliver for the coni-l
puny the cruiser Abdul Medjldla to the
MAY BE 14 MEN ON MMARA JURY
I.OS ANOKI.ES, October 1!). It
Bedim we am to luivo fourteen Jurors
In tho McNamara trial not the usual
twelve, not the unlucky thirteen, but
nil oven-iuimlercd fourteen.
District Attorney Fredericks has
decided to ask Judgo Ilordwell to Im
panel two ulternuto jurors In addition
to the regulation twelve.
Section 1089 of tlio rode provlden
Unit one or two alternates may bu
Impaneled und Bit out the case.
Then, If one of thu twelve regular
jurymen should get III or die, one of
tlio nltoinutea will be put In his place,
no the case, tuny proceed without
If u second Juror has to go to tho
hospilul or gruve, the bucoiiiI alter
nate will bo called upon.
A DAINTY TOILET AKTICLE.
Rvery lady who desires to keep
up .tier attractive appearance, while
at the Theater, attending Recep
tlont, when shopping, while travel
ing and on all occasions should
carry In her purse a booklet of
GOUHAUIVS OIMKNTAIj BBAUTY
LEAVES. This Is a dainty little
booklet of exquisitely perfumed pow.
dered leaves which are easily re
moved and applied to the skin. II
Is Invaluable when the (ace becomes
moist and flushed and Is far superior
to a powder puff us It does not spill
nnd noil tbe clothes.
It removes dirt, soot and greasi
from the fuce, Imparting a cool, deb
Icate bloom to the complexion. Sent
anywhere on receipt of Ten Cents
lu stamps or coin. F. T. HOPKINS,
37 Qreat Jones street, New York,
Turkish authorities at Mltylenc on tho
Aegean Hen, This scrvlcu he perform
ed In 1004 und for the five years next
following wiis n constantly Increasing
power among tho Turks. First ho be-1
came an aide-de-camp to tho Hultan
nnd was put In -churgo of a naval
school. Next ho became commodore uf
the licet, nnd, finally, In l'JU7, got thu
rank of rear-admiral und tho title of
Ready to Support Sultan.
During thu assault on Constantino
plo by the Young Turks his llugshlp.
the Abdul Medjldla, mnnemcred In thu
llosphorus, stripped for action, and It
was declared to be u part of Abdul
llamld's plan of defense to have tho
cruiser shell the city as a means of
keeping back the constitutionalist
Captain Wagner, spenklng last night
of the strange manner In which lluck
nam has dropped out of sight, recalled
many Intimate Incidents of his career
us a Turkish naval commander und a
Yankee skipper sailing uut of lloston
and Kan Francisco.
Assaulted in German Port.
One Incident had to do with a Turk
ish cruiser that had been sent to a
Clermun port to be repaired. Wlieu
llucknam bcciituo naval aid to Abdul
llninld ho looked over the expense ac
counts for repairing this cruiser, lie
found that they continued over u
period of six yeurs nnd had reached a
total larger than the sum necessary to
build a new vessel of equal tonnago
and capacity. He suggested to the Sul
tan that he (llucknam) go to Germany
nnd recover the vessel. Ho was com
missioned to make the visit, and on
arriving nt the shipyards he found the
cruiser anchored well out In the road
stead. Shu had been stripped bare of
nil her trimmings and furnishings and
was In no condition to bo moved.
The naval aid of the Sultan decided
that he would soon have n moving day.
lie begun nil Investigation which re
sulted In unearthing n large portion of
the goods taken from the cruiser. Ho
had her made senworthy ond was about
to depart with her when he was set
upon ns he approached the wharf to go
nlsiard. Two companions lied upon the
llrst assault of waterfront ruffians, but
llucknam remained, nnd In the ensuing
light his arms und breast were slashed
with knives until lie wns unconscious.
In that condition the imllce, who had
been summoned by his companions,
found him. Ho remnlned In the hos-j
pltnl for six weeks, and then salted tol
Turkey with tlio ship. An olllclnl In-!
vesication of the Incident made by tho
Knlser developed that the naval olll
cer's assailants had been repair men
on the cruiser who wero about to lose
snug Jobs they had held for six years.!
Captain Wngner said that tho only
coal mine now in operation nlong tho
shores of the Mediterranean was one
discovered by llocknam. and that the
Turkish nnvy received much of Its coal
from this mine.
Captain Wngner Is confident that
llucknam will turn up somewhero In
this country or Kurope nnd will be call
ed for by the Turks to command tho
lleet ho reorganized.
If there In no sickness or death, the
iiltornatfH will be ornamental rather
First Foiirleeu-Miin Jury.
It is said here that though (here
nre Instances In California of thirteen
jurors Kitting, this will be tho llrst
Instance where fourteen were culled
Tho enso foday passed nway from
tho defense nnd tlio prosecution Is
now in the midst of woe.
Under tho unusual procedure hero
the Jury box has to bo lllled with
twelve men who have undergone tho
lire of the defense before the prose
cution Iiuh a chance to question any
of them in tho search for causes of
So this afternoon when twelve men
lllled the twelve seats the prosecution
was told to go ahead, though four of
the twelve ure under challenge by the
defense, Judgo Ilordwell having re
served his decision on the points of
l,ot Angeles War n l'oscr.
Even the Justices of the Supreme
Court, now In session hero, suy they
do not exactly understand the peculiar
Interpretation or thu luw nn tlio selec
tion of Jurymen In vogun In I-os An
geles; und under that Interpretation
It Is hard to suy whether any definite
progress bus yet been mudu lu thu
choice of a jury.
m a a
Itlchard Ferris, Weirdo Mngnn,
(Icneral Ithys l'ryce, Captain J. It
HoHliy mid hOveru! others Indicted fur
violation of tltu neutrality laws must
Announcement was made In Now
York and lliu Southern Iron and Steel
company Is to bo reorganized and con
solidated with thu Alabama Coal ninl
-4vii.fr, tfh .UWirifriaArt.;, wri vUuAtJurii
' . "' 'At
j-- .MaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaV-. ..XLaaaf VJat laaaaC XifiZ 'T.T!' "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaalM. -
"-- iiinTii r TIT A L sJaaliaBW J Vft VT5asi -4aBaaaaaaaaaaaBaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaBaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaBVBaaaaaaaaaaaBaaaret
Barbary Coast Is Scene of
HOME OF WILD TRIBES
AND TRADING CARAVANS
Province Is Untamed, But
Waits the Hand of Com
merce to Develop Its Great
Tripoli lu Ilarbary, the Turkish
city, stands up wonderfully behind
Its long walls, us vlovvul from thu
deck In the early morning. Us dis
tant buildings show every tint of buff
and umber und creamy white, witli
hero uinl, there u dash of pink or soft
blue. Seven inliiaretH, each with tip
or splru of emerald green, point the
way of heaven In the faithful, und
two frowning gray fortresses threaten
the way lu other direction to inlldel
assailants. The lew is distant, be
cuusn there Is no harbor und tho wide
buy is shallow. Ships must llo well
out lu the tilling.
Hero Is a city little known to the
world, though mi alluringly In Hie
currents uf tho world's travel mid
trude. Few truderr,' nnd fewer tour
ists visit Tripoli. Probably not many
persons could oen tell you ovaclly
whoro (his Turkish desert colony Is.
The landing Is made In small bimlu,
and pussports or passeH consul-ires
must be shown at the little landing
stage before permission to hind Is
grunted. It is well to repair lit onco
to the llrltlsli, French or Italian "on
sulute, tu obtain the escort nnd pin-
lection of a kavass, for native Trl
polituns aro noun too well disposed
toward rasuul foreigners. Under tlio
guidance, then, uf the kuviisa or Janis
sary, u resplendent ebony Individual
In a gorgeous uniform und bearing
tho baton or big stick of olllce, we
explore tho cly.
Europe Left llelilinl.
One realizes at onco that one lias
left European soil and tho methods
of European iuuiilclp.il governments.
Tlio streets uru dirty, narrow nnd lJ
puved; overywhero ure evidences that
tint city Is left largely to govern It
self, In thu approved Turkish fashion.
Hut it Is full of novelty and varied
Interesf, Hero Is a great market
squuie, with arcades at thu sides,
mid with u rude but massive Mono
fountain In the center. VendorH squat
on the ground behind strips of nut
ting, on which me little piles of or
anges, lemons, figs, vegetables, grains,
nuts, llsh, dried locusts ami other
Scenes lu t'ltj's SlrnU.
Cooks fry fritters lu oil over basins
of glowing charcoal, union donkeys
push their way through the throng,
camels Hit ut sullenly by, children
shout ami play, nnd ull the dully life
of n busy Oriental mart unrolls Itself.
Further on ate the long, covered nl
leys of the chief h.iaur, tho Souk el
Tu re. Hero aro Ivory and ostrich
feathers and quaint native Jewelry,
lu another direction lies the Mara,
or Jewish quarter, giving glimpses
Into queer little shops and into the
patios or Interior courts of the pri
lu tho very center of tho city wo
ure reminded that Home, the univer
sal, bus been In Tripoli. Here stands
n solid and ornate triumphal inch,
built lu the comparatively rare form
styled quudrlfons, of marble once
while, now darkened and defaced by
time. An Inscription still legible
reconls that It was erected by u
quaestor under the Joint reign of
Lucius Aellus Verus mid Marcus An
rellus. It stands low, for It Is half
burled lu the arciiiuuliited soil, mid
one of Its portals Is debased to the
purpurea of a native cooper's shop.
Hut Its carvings still preserve some
thing of their ancient beauty, and tho
structure standing there In the heart
of mi alien city mid civilization dur
ing ull these centuries speaks of tho
power and prestige of. the days of tin'
Desert Cloves lu.
The desert rumen close up to Tripoli
on ull sides. Tlieie Is llo hinterland,
as tlieie Is vvllli Tangier and Algiers
und Tunis. Doubtless that Is why
Tripoli remained unmolested 'by thu
gieat powers acioss tho Medller
imiean. It had not seemed worth
conquering or possessing. Yet there
ure In reality rich risourcoH In tho
sands behind It, s trelehliig away
southward to the Kecun, to Cufra
and (ladauies, to the llornii mid
Wadal, anil so to the Sudan, Wit
ness what the Eicnch have done and
ure doing with their deserts, the Eng
lish with theirs. Huulli or Hlskra,
even to Toiiggimrt In French Algeria,
the sand stletclies are dotted with the
nrtesl.ui wells of the engineers; law
lessness has been tamed, trude mid
travel aro safe, commerce has re
ceived un enormous Impetus and Is
jeurly Increasing In volume. In
Khartum, now llrltlsli, there Is u .col
lego and it tourist olllce, In place of
n Khalifa's prison.
I'll) un (luxis In Desert.
Hut lu thu Trlpolltaluo there Is no
attempt at control mid development.
The city curries on, Indeed, u limited
caravan trade with tlio Interior, lis
It has done from time Immemorial,
but tho trade Is attended with dllll
Ulltles. The desert tribes are llereo
nnd savage, and they rob und kill.
I No European, un Trlpolllan even, can
possibly venture Into this part of tho
Sahara unprotected. When the curu- I
&... j. uil
vims go It Is in vast numbers, coin'.
prising two hundred, live hundred, or
evin a thousand camels, with armed
attendants forming u private army,
und their return, months or even two
or three years later, is u mutter of
excited interest mid grat illation' for
the whole city, Just as thu return of
the East India merchantmen used tu
bu fur Salem.
We drlvo out beyond the walls, our
consular escort purclied In grandeur
on the high seat besido the native
driver. Fringing the city ure scat
tered suburbs, urtlllclal oases, mid u
limited area of fertile fields. The
latter uru irrigated und made green
by means of primitive wells, whose
water is drawn up lu buckets by ox
power or donkey-power mid auto
matically tipped Into small stone res
ervoirs. From these reservoirs It is
leleased upon the laud us needed.
These Bquare well-structures of white
washed stono form it peculiar and
striking feature in the level landscape.
Ileyond tlio oases and fields u few
sparse ullvo trees ure seen, and cac
tus und wiry desert grasses; then in
nil directions thu desert sands.
til) uf Tripoli.
Tripoli, tlio city, has between tlilrty
llvo and forty thousand Inhabitants;
the Indigenous races llerbers, Arabs,
mid negroes of course milking up the
bulk of thu population. There are
eight thousand Jews und four thou
sand Maltese. The Europeans are al
most negligible; tlio Italians (chiefly
Sicilians), who aro most numerous,
tallying about six hundred. The
Turks consist only of the few troops
mid the governing otllcluls, nt whose
head is the governor-general und com
muiider-lii-chlef, now ouu Ilegeb
rasha. llo Is, of course, the per
tonal representative of tlio Sutun.
Thu desert population of the entire
vlluyel, or province. Is very dilllcult
to estimate, but In the most recent
local and olllclal reports it Is given
us about Uuu.uOO.
Tripoli In Demi.
lu the local stir of Its streets and
markets and bazaars, Tripoli seems
ullvo enough; but commercially, po
litically, It lies lu coma, Save as re
gards tlio recent Impetus given to
public lustiiictlon, this city, ulouo of
all the cities of the .Mediterranean,
has failed to lespond lo the quicken
ings of modern civilization. lu u
hundred, flvu hundred, years, It has
uiailu scarcely the slightest progress,
taken scarcely a single step forward
lu thu betterment of Its agriculture,
lis Industries, Its trade.
Tripoli's CuMcrii Neighbor.
To the east lies Tunis, Tills great
province, of size und Importance al
most rivaling Its neighbor Algeria,
stretches southward Into the Sahuran
Desert, lis eastern boundary, llko
its northern, is the seacoast, for the
Mediterranean uiukuu hero u sudden
'i 1 -.is'-..j,unt.ifc.iii,ttr..
Tho government of India hat. bein
considering tho question of the ln-t
means whereby the celebration of tho
Jiuyui uui utii Hi j'i'iiii mil) I'u sun-
ably observed all ovir India.
qulto probable that the feature of Hm.-arnlng of the Inc.uiv. Iilence tu li
celebration will lie the rending of u ,,,. d thereby lo the gardens of real
royal proclamation convej lug the roynl ,i, ,, h ins , i,.fl ,R.r t,.ri.,ts
message to the ptnple. This will be! uniouildereil Not until the end of
then followed by a general rejulclng .s,.pt,uib.r will the building of tha
such ns Illuminations, children's fetes, t.Uinps and temporary structures bu
nnd the feeding of the poor. IU-kIiU'M 'c-.imi.I li-.l.
theso there will be the customary re-1 The rallwav Hues are not yet In com.
lenso of the prisoners and distribution1 ,(.t(. working ord.r ns fome papers nil
of certificates of honor for meritorious tli-Intil. but will be by the llrst of
public services. It Is expected that I)e. ,..,,,.,, r AU ,,. ran...... u.t,I1i11p,.
comber 7, the date llxe.l for the slate trillions will work their way to Kings
entry Into Delhi, and Deeeuibi r 12, lliu'wuy station, so that Delhi prop.r will
date llxed for the Durbar, will be de- lo r,lev.,l of I, ,.xtr.i work. A
elared ns public holidays und.r the -imill Million named Sellmgarh Is being
Negotiable Instruments Act nnd addi
tional holldavs will nlrn be permitted
nt the discretion of local guvtruuieiith
1 he Works In Initial In i...iiii.H.il,.ii
With the tliirliiir. In khII.. i.r ,..,.. .lir. !
.-.-.... ... ..,.. ... j ....
Ileiillles, are progressing satlvfaclorlly.
Tho troubles have of 1. 1 If been m-
ImiK'cil owing tu'tlie sudden uppeurniicu
of iholeru The number of deaths,
though small, between ten and lifteen
dally. Is felt greath, fur the tiildeiulo
Is iiiullni-d lu that part of the cllv In
, , -
....... ,, uiiHiimir nan.. Uilla
""" ' i mii i, a iiiruuur. ticuhr. ninl
. , ..
Ids wife w.re an g the llrst victims.
I he aria .,,r ,i. , hurch -een.s uf-
f.u I v.... . ...
..-v.i-.i ,m,i ii uiiiii or nun li.iu ff.l ..,.
yet, though the clouds pass over uUlil
ly The commission, r. I'ulunel Dill is,
nnd the deputy euiiuulssiouer, Mr ll.ir
ron, nre out oil d.i) orginlrhm nre-
eaullonary measures against famine.
.sir John Hi-writ mid Sir llemy M.ie
nialuin. regardless of the heat and ore.
vailing sickness, were out all day In
vestigating milters and p. rson. illy su
perintending t. ,,.,nil,IB llf ,,,
i-aiups. Tin re will l. Illllui.thir i.u
SENATOR STIRS, UP HORNET'S
NEST BY CRITICISING CATHOLICS
BY C. S. ALBERT.
(h'lieclal 11 u 1 1 e 1 1 n cm rex,ii,loncc.)
WAHIIINdTOX, D. ( Oct I'll -
Senator llourne, prisldent of the Na
tional IlupuhhYan Progressive League,
has stirred up the worst Mud of a
hornet's nest by assailing some of the
most prominent Catholic prelates In
replying tu criticisms advance,! by far
dlutil Ullibons and Archbishop Inland
on the Initiative, referuidum und re.
call, Senator Hoiirue i:avo uut Ibis
iloth reason mid expirlcnce uie Ig-
.;, . .5. ., i, ,J. .;, .j, ,; j, ,;, ,;, ,, ,j,
dip to the south, mid on this eastern
line or coast aro several uvenurlile
seaports of unusuul interest. Steam
ships ply from Tunis tu these points,
continuing on to Tripoli In TurkUh
liarbary; and there ure few more
novel und less known trios In the
entire Mediterranean basin,
Not fur bevond (iabes lies the Is.
land of lllerlui. ri.niili.il 1,1 li. th.
veritable Isle of thu lotos-outers. On
account of tho shallowness uf thu
water, the vessel anchors seveial
miles from shore, mid It proves Im
practicable to land In tho time at
disposal. It Is as well: one mliiit
feel disinclined to sail away.
The latest showing of Imported Winter
Patterns in Ladies' Hats now on dis
play. Also Fancy Trimmings tor winter.
We have a new Trimmer from the Coast.
We are also Milliners for Men. All
the latest shapes and shades.
less than four hundrid and thirty-
I The area covered by canvas will bo
ixuctl) lweiit)-nvu Kiiiaro miles Sir
llewett Is endeavoring tu utilize
foil water fiom the canals, hut on
(onsttuctcd for the King-Emperor to
alight This Is almost in the fort. Ills
.Majesty's horses and the whole of the
ulUilals will wait lu the fort. When
all are mounted, he King's (iate will
be opened A peculiar Mgnltlcauce Is
ittjtiied tu this Bute Only the kings
of Delhi w. re pi rmltteil to pass through
whin they went tu the .liimm.i MusJId
lu worship I'lotli used lo be laid from
the Inside or tin. foil through this gate
lu the great ino-.pie Nut even tha
king's runs wire allowed lo pass
!n,r.i,.i, n,..., i. i. i ...... .1".
." ' i"" ..- i in nmi, .u.ti
ju,,. ,( II, ih- 11,1m Bai,. w. i.. ncil ua
.ii.rii.., t... i t.i .. .. .
!' tr .iiiiiii-m in tain, nvu
,. MllK ut Delhi worsh ubllcly.
The gam has been studiously closed
tauiz.iu-lil In lsr.7, when
ever slut e
Tlie man-ed hands will M. composed
of SflUO null drawn from all llrltlsli mid
Indian units with their respective band
masters foloiic Somirvllle will bo
the iiimuiaud.int und Major .Nlreton tha
director. I'apluiii D ( Hue, 1-4 Murk
has, Is the camp iidjutant. The oltl
e In Is from imtiv.i slates are walling
for rain m as tu enable their chiefs
camps to have gardens und other at
iiurnl 1 1) Cardinal nihhons mid Arch
bishop Ireland when they use thu
words, 'mob law' and 'iiiohoeruc' lu de
scribing tlio Initiative, r-ferendum mid
".Mobs net until r the sodden Im
pulse of ungir. rear or haired, mid
without time fur thought ur careful
consideration M,,h action Is absolute
ly Impossible under the Initiative or
referendum because (hire Is not less
tlmn four months uf dbtusslun before
11 Vote can b taken It s also Impos
sible under the recall because (he re
call ran nut be Invoked until petitions
have been clrcllhitid ami signed by at
least 25 per cent of tho Miters. It
takes weeks tu secure this number of
slglllltllles mid the widest possible pub.
Ilelly. Tin 11 the recall election cannot
be held within less than twenty days
after tiling the petition Voting Under
such circumstances can nut be mob ac
tion. "I repeat Hint nun who use 'inub law'
und 'uiolHicrucy' tu describe thu Ore
gon sjnlcm Ignore both reason and ex
perience" Edward V. Woolloy, assistant post
master of Jersey City. No. J was re
elected president of tho National As
soelatluu of Assistant rostmustrr:
BETWEEN KINO AND HOTEL