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EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H., THURSDAY, NOV. 9, 1911.
MILO M. POTTER, Mgr.
Operated on the Atntrlcan Plan only. Each room has outside exposure. Rales
asked are less (Service. Cuisine and Surroundings considered) than can be
found in an any hotel In America. Baggage may bo checked direct to
Hotel Potter from anywhere In the United States or Canada. Wire ahead for
reservations, at our expense. For rales, pamphlets and full particulars con
cerning Hotel Potter, address! OTTO GCRTZ, P. O. Box , Honolulu.
Geary Street, abate Union Square
Kuruprnn I'lnn $1.00 n day up
American Plan $3.00 n day up
New steel and brick Rtructuie.
Kvcry comfort mid convenience.
A high class hotel at very moderate
rates. In this center of theatre and
retail district. On car lines trans
ferring to all parts of city. Electric
omnibus meets nil trains and
steamers. Hotel Stew art recognized
as Hawaiian Island Headquarters.
Cable Address "Tracls"AllC code.
J.H.Lotc, Honolulu representative.
A Hotel that Is noted for
the elcnancs of Its Cuisine
Emma St., above, Vineyard
This is the best week in the month at
The moon reflects tho eleganco and
completeness of tho details in hotol
Rooms and Board
FINE .a,' AT H I N O
W. C. Bcrgin, Prop.
May's Old Kona Coffee
Best in the Market
HENRY MAY & CO.
The Best Milk You Can Use
AT ALL DEALERS
WAS AWARDED HIGHEST HONORS
At ilio nil nt C'.illfnnilii Ktnto l'ulr
held nt H.icr.imcnto:
A COLD AWARD
A BLUE niDBON AWARD and
A CASH PRIZE
Mules for Sale
LARGE CALIFORNIA MULES
i ' 'II I
Telephone 1109 '
The BICYCLE - MALE and SI
PA1RER, has mortd to
180 XI NO IIKXX1
New location Bed front, near
Young- Building, Telephone 2318,
N A OH VST CO Artnts
The Hiyhest Class of Work No
777 KING ST.REET . PHONE 1491
" 2185 'drtorJ.il repniit 2350
busliirss ofllce. These are the tele,
tdione numbers of tbe 11 u 1 1 e 1 1 u.
8ANTA BARBARA, Cl,
Jvon Hamm - Young
i Co., Ltd.
tfuneen nd Leaden in
the Antomobile Business
Agents tor such well-known cart
I s Packard. Pope-Hartford, Bterena-
I Duryoa, Cadillac, Thomas Flyer,
llulck, Uterland, Dakar Electric, and
Supplies & Repairing
BCHUMAN CARRIAGE CO.
For the BFST RENT CAR8 In the
city, ring up
OLDSMOBILE, No. 403 1 RENAULT,
No. 404 1ANOAULET, No. 680
C. H. BErjN
AM. WC ASIC IS A TRIM.
HONOLULU VULCANIZING WORKS
Phone 1823 Kapiolanl Building
Use a PREST-O-LITE TANK on
your Automobile and save Generator
Acetylene Light and
Agency Co., Ltd.
"TODAY'S NEWS TODAY"
Stearns & Foster Co.
J. Hopp & Co., Ltd.
OAHO FURNITURE CO.
King Street, opposite Youpg Hotel
P. O ltox 840 rhone 3011
ALL rUUU FRUIT I'LAVOIIS
HONOLULU DRUG CO.
1024 Fort Street - Phone 2364
NEW DRUG STORE
Well Stocked with New Drugs and
SODA WATUP. 1'OUNTAIN
HAWAII DRUQ CO.
42 Hotel Street, at end of Bethel
The War Fifty Years Ago
NcClellan Organizes Amy jOtiie .IJotomac No More
Gray Uniforms For Union Soldiers Beauregard
Loses Chance of Taking Walking trib---President Lin
coln Visits Army Camps In Virginia Fremont's
Proclamation Freeing Missouri Slaves Disavowed by
President Hamilton R. Gamble Becomes Loyal Gov
ernor of Missouri, Succeeding Claiborne F. Jackson,
Deposed Skirmishing In Virginia.
By JAMES A. EDCERTON.
tCopirHttit by American Press Associa
ON Auk. 20, 1801, was tailed the
order creating the Array of tho
l'otomuc and citing Gcm-rul
George II. McClcllati corummid
of nil the Union fortes along tho river
and as far to the rear as llaltlmoro
and Tort Dclawute. This was n new
departuro In American military organ
ization. Heretofore there bad been
geographical departments with n ma
jor general over each, but no attempt
to irente armies on the European
model. The new plan of organization
Into corps nud divisions wus drought
forward by McCIcllim nnd was op-1
posed by General Scott, who contend- J
cd that the old methods of brigades
and geographical departmental were
good .enough. Finally McClellaii had
bis way, nnd eventually his method '
was adopted hy nil the armies of the
north. He. nln had u new plan of
stuff organization which Mas adopted.
It Is not without Interest that ho ap
pointed as his chief of staff his father
In law, Colonel It. II. Marey.
While organizing his troops McClel
laii bad also been fortlfjlng WiiHhlng
ton. Tho mail at the bend of tho en
gineers wax Major ,1. (). ltarnard, after
ward brigadier general. This depart
ment wiis reorganized, nnd ltarnard
was ghen chargo of completing tho
defonscH of the capital.
Ono of tho earliest orders Issued by .
the new commander of the Army of
the Potomac was that no inoro gray
uniforms should bo purchased for
northern soldiers. Hardly a light bad
occurred up to this time but that the
similarity In the mil forms worn In tho
two armies bad created confusion.
Many times Union troops bad 11 ml nt
ench other. At Wilson's Creek tho
mistaking of Confederate troops for
Federals had caused the defeat of
Hlgel's column and possibly changed
the outcome of the whole tight.
Danger From Beauregard Fatt.
On Aug. 20 MeClellnn wrnto to.
bis wife: "If Itcauregard does not at
tack this week ho Is foolish. He has
git en me Infinite ad milages, mid )ou
may be sure I have not neglected the
opportunity. Kvcry diy adds to the
Ntrength of my defenses, to the per
fection of the organization and mini
little to our forces. I inn gaining rnp-
:jA t?$ Jfery!
OLAiuonsE v. jirasoN. oovFiisim of
MIHHOUHI IIFHISPII Iir I.OYAI, COSVFN
TION 1UIILY IN 1SCI. lAlll JAPKHON AT
Hr. LOUIS, OAlTUlll'l) I1V OKMKIIAIj lton,
WAS NAMED FOll III1I.
Idly In eicry way. I cau now defend
Washington with almost pel feet cer
tainty." On the 'J.ta ho maid in an
other letter: "lleauregnrd has missed
btsuhnnie, and I hate galnid lmt I
most needed-tliuel I do not llio nt
nil, meiel) exist, worked and worried
half to death. I Inue no privacy, no
leisure, no relaxation, except In lend
ing jour letters nnd n tiling to ;ou."
On the 1'Stb he milled: "This morning
telegram fioni other slilo nunouneiug
enemy ndvnuc'lng in furie. Ktarteil oil
aids and put the wires ut worl.. When
fairly started alarm proxed faUc.
I'rlend Iteauregaid has nlloucd tho
chaneo to cnciiiiu him. I lmo now
Hume a'.UOO cITi'tlUo men; will lmo
75.CHX) hy end of week. Lust week ho
certainly had double our fence. I feel
mho that tho dangerous moment has
Tho troops ordered hy tho presldeut
from New England, New Yorlc nud
the other btntci bud now begun to ur
rho by almost eery train. They weto
ruw for the most pint, but with tho
elllcleut discipline In fuuu they weto
fcoou put In condition. 'Iho iioilb ut
lust li.id an ami).
lleueiul McUlell.iu was not tho only
ono who wus engaged In Improving thu
Lueiralo and ellltleney of the Union
troops, Tresidcnt I.tiicolu ill Ills, ipilct
w:ny at cudimiigtug and liiaplillag
the nrmy. Almost evert day be d(oio
to bodio of tho camps. Tho private sol-
Ji H svpw nag. .. j,tf ' -, 4
KissBsis.'VsO- bsHIk i
I SbsKa'2-V ' Hi
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BBBBBBBBBa . i fsaBBBBBBBBBBBBel
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t ' a $ v?' i rn & wvmrfr
dlcr was bis especial euro. Many of
tho' men stationed In and about Wash
ington nt this (lino recall pome kindly
word or deed from tho tall, big heart
edi president, whom even then the sol
diers wero learning to loin ns a father.
acnenU "Wllllnm T. Hbcrniau, who
then, bud a. subordinate command un
der MeClellnn, recalls that one day
Mr. Lincoln drovo nhout the camp and
mado ono of the neatest and happiest
little speeches to the men that be
(Hhcrmhn) bad out heard. lie regret
ted afterward tint this tnlk bad not
been presents! It won Lincoln's habit
to greet the men In the mills nud
shake hands with them, making some
HAMILTON IU OUIIILr, LOYAL TIAnnoTRIU
KOll OK MISHOUUI, NAMH lir COSKN
TION THAT HKI OS I'll OOVKIlNOll JACKHON,
ANH KLECrKII I.ATKII. UK DIED IN 18C1.
humorous, kindly or admonitory re
mark to eacli Perhaps It was only u
fenent "t!d bless joul" but It lin
gered In the soldier's mind In the long
Inarches nml: tierce lighting that fol
low ed. .
Throughout the terrllile weeks fol
lowing Hull Kuti Lincoln remained ex
ternally calm and Hcrcnc. Despite Ills
burden of jiuullildcd resHinslhlllty,
"greater tha)i that of Wiishlagton,"
his fulth In, "the Unnl outcome seemed
iiner tdistuihed. Jt was almost ns
rthuogli (u iha'deep nnd mjstlenl na
ture of tho man he had comfort and
assumuccM that others ncicr knew.
Lincoln Visits Virginia Campi.
On Aug. 21 Lincoln nnd three mem
hers of bis cabinet, Seward, Chase
and Cameron, accompanied hy tten.
era! McCMcIlnn. Waited till the camps
on the Yliglula side of the 1'otomac
At Ibis time tbe relations between the
president and (ieueral MeClellnn weie
cordial, umlflu bis "Own Storj" Me
Clellau wiute, referring to a Inter
petjud, '.My, rcjlajlous ltb Mr. Lincoln
wcrq gv'U-'rally" ery pleasant, nud I
seldom hitd trouble with him when we
eguhl meetjjnco to face." Ho far bh
I nn"illicilCer, Ibis Is nlmut the only
good word'tJenernl MeClellnn cer had
to say of imy 'of his suiierlors. Scott,
StinilortVitritlnlfeck ho'-seortsl im
tnerelfiillyil Hut, outside of Hcott, all
this came lutcr.'posslbly for the reason
that Stanton had not yet becomu f-oc-relary
of wnr and Ilalleck had not je'
been placed In chief command of tho
Second to MeClellnn, perhaps tbe
most popular major general npjiolnted
by Lincoln up to this tlmu wus John
C. l'lcmont, thu "ratbtliidcr" ncruss
the ltM-klcs uud tho llrst Ilepubllcuu
(iindlduto for prt'sldent. Yet com
plaints against Tremont bud begun al
most as soon as bo took command nt
St. Louis. Ono of thu most serious
charges against him was Hint ho bud
refusid to I e enforce I.joit nnd hnd
therefore been the Indirect cnuso of
the death of that bnno and capable
giueial. Other criticisms were that
ho oveneaehed bis authority, that be
was personally Inaccessible, that bo
was Impractical and showed n lack
of military experience nnd capacity.
On Aug. ill) I.'remont'H nets raised a
ninth more serious question, 'imii
, was the date of hU famous proclama
tion declaring the eutlio stute of Mis
xotirl mder martial law, llxlng pen
alties of those In rebellion against tho
Union, contlscutliig their property and
freeing 'their slaies. This ut once
raised i( vlirin lu the border states
itiifl representations were made to l.In
' coin Unit unless I'remout's action in
freeing 'the slaves ias dlsuiowcd It
might loso Kentucky to tho Union.
1 Famous Proclamation Disavowed.
Lincoln wiote a kindly letter to
I'remont, pointing out that his procla
mation was not In harmony with thu
'act of congiess relating to tho slims
of those, lu rebellion and asking him
to modify bis prouunclnmeuto to con
form to tho law. This I'remont ro
fused to do and Invited the president
himself to disavow tho proclamation
If lie did not approie It.
Thttiprosldeut bud no choice but to
Jo this, ulthi lull he I'liublless knew n
the lime tint In Liking suth union In
would MlhJc t him-elf to m'IioIim.iI,
ib'tiuuelill'iu from .thu more radical n
bis own followers. In this lie wifs no
mistaken. I'crb tps no act of his ilr
jear In the While lliui'o urou'cd nmri
Indlgniiit pi otest Ycl, looked nt f:o'n
the distance of fifty jenrs, II Is plain
that I.huoln was right I'remont ile.tr
ly oversteppeil his nuthorlt) mid took
upon hlniielf pouerH which belonged
only to lougicss. Aside from" anj
Itiestlun of policy ns to the bin del
states, the plain letter of the law com
pelled the president to dls.ippioto, l're
mont's action. Moreoter, lu writing to
I'remont .Mr. Lincoln showed that be
was trjlng to snio the face of tbe
eenernl. glrliig him every opportunity
lo correct Ids own blunder and to do
It us though the correction were made
of his own motion. Lincoln showed
tho same tenderness for Krcmont In
subsequent dealings between tho two.
Fremont's refusal to correct bis ob
vious mistake In this Instnnco placed
Lincoln In nn unfair nnd embarrassing
position, but tho president evinced his
courage by meeting It promptly In the
only way It could bo met. .
Missouri's War Governor.
Trior to this Hamilton H. Gamble,
tho now governor of Missouri, hnd Is
sued u proclamation calling for 4"J,XH
men. Governor fliimblo hnd been
elected by the convention to rono tem
porarily until the election In Npicm
ber. At that electlonl)y thcwiy. he
was chosen for tho full term nild re
mained governor till his death lnlSlVI,
Governor Gamble was born lu Virginia
In 1TDS, vvnH ndmlttcd to the bur at
the nge of eighteen and had lived lu
Missouri since he vvns twenty, or more
than forty enrs. Ho became one of
the foremost law. vers lu tho west nud
served as chief Justice of the Missouri
supreme court. There vveio tcxr more
difficult positions to hold than that of
governor of n border state during the
wnr, but by bis practical wisdom nud
ability Governor Gamble won golden
opinions during his Incumbency both
from the authorities nt Vnshlngton
and the people of Ills own stale.
Tho week ending Aug. I'll saw few
actions or other events worthy of
special note. On the '--'d General
Daniel l;. Sickles was nulliorbccl to
raise an nrtlllery regiment and n regi
ment of cavalry. At about this tlmci
General Ilutler was relieved of com
mand nt 1'ortress Monroe and vvns
assigned to nil expedition forming to
reduce the forts nt llntteras Inlet,
North Carolina, General Wool succeed
ing to the command ut Fortress Mon
roe. On Aug. 24 Major llcrrelt of
Washington readiest New York In the
custody of I'eelernl detective's. Mr.
llcrrelt was charged with dlslojalty to
the government. Ho claimed to bo
u Union, man, but hnd refused In take
the oath of allegiance and to this fuct
assigned his arrest.
Skirmishes In Virginia.
Tvto skirmishes of some Importance
occurred near Guuley bridge, western
Virginia, during tho week. This
was the bridge destrojed by General
Wise lu escaping' from tho Knnawh.t
valU'y u few weeks curlier. On Aug.
-0, at a point In the valley near Gnu
lei, called Hawk's Nest, the Klevenlb
Ohio had nn action with a superior
foieo of Confederates estimates nt
l.tKX), In which the l'ederals had nil
the best of It, losing only threo men,
while It was re'iHirled at the time thit
the Confederates lost fifty killed mid
a number taken prisoners,
A more notable affair occurred nt
Sunimcrsvllle', about twi'iity-flvo miles
from tlnuley, on the '-11th. Hero the
tMUeulh Ohio, under the command of
Colonel Tyler, wus surprised while at
brcakfust nnd .attacked on bulb thinks
and lu frout by u force reported as
twice Its own number. It was a des
pernio situation, but the Ohio lroos
dually managed to cut their way out
with' considerable Iuhs, Julltctlug more
i image than they suffered, however.
The I'ederal loss wus reported at
fifteen killed nnd about llfty wounded
OFNKIUI, JOHN K. UOOL, SIEXIUtX WAn
V1TK111N, VVIIU HUCCIO.DUI (lESMlAIj
lUHLKIl I.N lOUUANO UK TKOCH'H Al
roiirmaw uoniiou in auciust, If 61.
und pilioncrn. Tli'cie were no lepoitu
of the Coufederoto lim, but It was
known to liuvo been lienvy.
To uuilcixtuud the situation lu MOit
em Vliililla at this tlmu It hhould be
explained that tlineml Itobert K. I.eo
mum u tomiimui! of thu Coufedeialeie
lu vii-dern Vlrcliilu and liiiirneiit (leu
rr.il John II. 1'lu.vd. Into Kecietiuy of
will', Into the tiauley valley vvltb u
(iinslderiible force, a portion of whirl.
It was Unit attacked Tiler. .Ml of
tills vviiN''lc'iiilntr up to the battle nt
CuiulffV I'eiry. "foiiKht In tho suino
vicinity Mxtecii dnjt I iter.
. iaeEBev - I (
j' i" "T1 ii i , vrtJ
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AMERICAN TOURIST Type 34 2250
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Cor. AUkca and Hotel Ste. ... Phone 3009
GEO. B. BECKLEY, Sol. Distributor
The Mm mil tlu
IT wan nt thu aenxhoiu tli ., dnddy told thU story. Jack nnd Kvelin wanted
to know what Hindu tho ne.i -o milt, hi that evening daddy told them
"Onco upon a time," he rulu, "theto w.is a man who had tho (joed for
tuno to help u fuliy out of trouble of course tho fairy was veiy thankful,
and to show- IiIk Kintltudo ho kuvu to I lie- nun a fairy mill which would erlnd
unj tiling bo w lulled. All he had to k ly wui ''litud, uilll.' To mako it slop
KrindlUK he bad lo Kay ceitalu iihkIc woicIh vvliuU Iho fatty tuiiKlit him. Tho
lull! wna u xmull one which could bo cnirlcd from l mco to place, wherever lis
owner wlsbeil." '
"Would It mind out un.vthlni; tho man u killed, daddj -money nud liouscn
nud clolbes and evcij llilnV" asked JucU.
"Yen, mm," Bald iladdy.
"I'd llko to liuvo u mill liko tluit," mild .TncK.
"Well," duldi went on, "the man used tho mill to tnako him ilch. Ho
Kioiiud out with It hoUHcs and lands uud nionej, ho bej )ecaTiie tho richest luin
lu the world.
'This lucky man bud n friend who was a sea enptutu. Ho was ulso a
dealer In salt that In, It wax hU bin-lucsx to buy nud sell salt. In tlioso days
theio was not so much h.ilt lu tho wot Id uh tliero Is now, And It vvns quite dear.
Ono day the rlcli in.in got to tnlkluR with bis friend, nnd when tho ciptulii
linked him wbetu ho t'ot nil his tidies ho told lilm tho story of tho wonderful
falri 'r. mill. ' ,
"'Let mo borrow- thli fairy mill, said (he captnln. 'I will hbo It to grind
out salt. AVhen I bavo i-iioukIi to fill my ship I will return It to joit."
"Tho il Ii man inndo tbo lueicliiiut pinniNn to leturn tho mill uud then lent
It to blm. lie wus so clad to set It nnd nt outer to set It to work that he qulto
foiKot to aU tho owner of the mill how to make It stop that H, ho learned
bow to stint It, but lint bow to stop It. The owner of thu mill also foigot to
tell blm tbe iiiiikIu wouN which niiiilo the mill stop.
"Tbo inpliihi took the mill 'ibo.iiil bis ship mill Sjild.lo it, 'Mill, Rrlud snlt.'
Iiiiineillately the mill lie-in to Rilml out salt 'lit such a rate that tbo hold of
Iho ship was soon filled with It. Hut soon tliero was too much suit, for tho
nnn did not know how to make tbo mill stop. Then tho ship beenmo filled bo
that tbo cnpliiln nnd his men hud to leave It, for tliero wus no .nom for them.
In a sboit tlmu tbo ship w.is so overloaded with salt that It snnl; to tho bottom
of tJio sea, tnklnc the mill w 1th It. There It rests to tfiiVdny, grinding out salt,
nud that Is why tho wutir of the bej Is Wsalt." -'
have been patterned.
the pertect comion
Daddy's Bedtime .x;j
Why the Sea Is Salt
- , L itt T-M& Jfc.-y.
'!' ) JAmM.