Newspaper Page Text
EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H., MONDAY, NOV. 13, 1911.
The War Fifty
First Naval Battle of the Rebellion Commodore String
ham's Vessels Attack Forts at Hatteras Inlet Fort
Clark and Fort Hatteras Surrender With Guns and
Men After Heavy Bombardment and Heroic Defense.
Victory a Blow to Blockade Running In That Section.
Fremont Assigns Grant to Southeast Missouri Com
mand Confederates Attack Garrison at Lexington,
Mo. General Lyon's Body Reaches New York.
By Captain CI OUCH ! KILMCK. lite
U. . V.
lOopytlsht by American Tress Assocla-
WIIKXRVHll the United States
liuv, set to work to smash
things In tin- civil war tliu
light was to tin- finish, mill
It made no dllVcioiico Hint wooden
ships were sent against hind forts.
i:en lii those times of iirmor plate
sltlp commanders mi- not III n liill'iy to
tin klo furl. 'I'lio sailors tu tfv',1 look
great cli.l'ut is, mid boldness carried
Coinmoiloie Strlnghiiui'tt battle nt
Hiittcm Inlet the '.IMb and "itli of
August. ISO!, proved that the navy
wiim equal to the work of lirr.ii.liiK
roads for the iiriuy when n iiat po'
sltlou was to be nltnckcd. North Cure-
Una put herself Upon the dofcinlio
cen befoio Joining the Southern Con-
fedetaey. The steamlRiat Wlnsfow
was armed and sent out cruising In
the waters iidjnlnlng the sounds, mnl
nil In r prices Mere turned Into ships of
war. in August there wole four es-
rets 111 all. ready In defend sounds mid
to make war upon the Millimetre of
tho mirth whenever a rich ship could
bu run ilon ii. Ktrliigh.im was sent
oi-NiiiAi, tiiomas a. itnnniM, i'iiomikknt
VMUM on lim. IN CAMI'AIUNH IN WLal
KI1W VIIHIINIA ni'IV ltAllS AUO.
to the scene to put u stop to theso
relds and close the Inlets to the
Hounds ll.itterns was the chief point
of otTense. mid the Inlet had been foill-
lied with two works commanding tho
ship channel. I
On the point of Hatteras Island
isouth of the cape, ttheie the channel
passes thioiiKh the narrow bluffa, the
Noith Caiollulniis built u fort cover
ing mi iicie mid a half of ground,
with bouibpronf chambers, mounting
twenly-llo guns. This was the main
point of resistance. The mouth of the
inlet Is colored by u sand bar, which
compels ships to follow u narrow chan
nel hi order to pass through, and
hence thelo was no sen room for
maneuver In front of the hostile gnus.
South or 1 ort Ilutler.is, the large one
In the pass, them Is h buy half u
uille wide, which ships must cross In
order to loach the channel, mid as n
sort of outwork or picket to hold
up tlm enemy ami glu warning to
the gunlsun nt Hatteras the south-
ernors built another work Milled l'ort
Ulnru. Tins woru inoutiicci live miriy
Strlngham's Flan of Battle.
Flag Officer Strlngliam's force was
very, formidable, but victory was by
no means a certainly. The steam
trlgnte Minnesota led off ns ilagshlp,
followed 'by the frigate Wtibash. tho
slonps of war Cumberland, Sus.iie-
haium and I'awnee and the comcrted
bteamers .Montlcello and Uniilet I-une.
Tin co transports carried MMJ soldiers
under Hen Itutler. Thu Intention of
tho cuuimnii'lcrti was to laud the
troops on tho shorn north of Tort
Ilatleras, and while thu ships houi
biiUed the works fioui u safe illstmieu
the soldiers would charge along tho
bench and captuie them by stunning, i
Thu nurf rolls with terrible .lolenco!
upon the beach along llntteras, nnd
Iron surf boats had been provided for
the troops to get inquire. The Monti-
cello and Harriet I.nne, both of light '
draft, ran close lushoio to cuvcr the
lauding hi case of attack. The llrst
landing was made early on the -Kill.
but the vial; went slowly, mid tho
surf Inci eased In violence. Dually
the boats worn hulled bu the beach
mid dcslrotfd. mid after, ulsnit :iuO
men had reached shore, it was found
Impossible to reenforee them or to
take them back to the ships. Two
liou Ifrrrn went nshore with the troops,
but the mnmuuitltm wns wet, mid the
situation wiih very desperate; The
punhoals were compelled t" stand off-
shore out of range of the lamllng.
' Without provisions or water-lhe de-
tnchnient was left to Its' fate and
later la the war would h.ne fiitAl
roughly' at the hand, or the "John
ales." Hut lu AliuuM, lbUI, tho south
orncr.s Wore Mill pralllg "I" '' '
'r, frigates mill sloops, four 111 mini"
ber. opened llio mi Fort Clark about
l0 middle of the forrnonn. using new
uud IhiIiI turtles to mold dlris'l shots
fI(,ni ilii' fmt. The vessels moiil
siendlly nti, passing mid repassing the
gun nt iirylng distances so tlmt Itio
KciiitlMTiMTx could not fix tlie range.
Their guns had moving targets mill
seldom landed n Hlint, while shells
fmm tin- ships speedily made tin fort
(oo liot for the Confederate gunners,
Soon past noon n shot carried away
tlm ll.ig m the fort, and nflorwaid the
garrison left the work, some taking
night In boats mid others I mining
nlong chore toward Port Hatteras.
Seeing the night of the Confederates
from l'ort Clark the iletiiiliineiit of
llullci's soldiers on the he.ich moved
down nnd took possession, but the
shells of the lleet alined at I'oit Hat-
tetas passed over that woik Into l'ort
Clark. llrliou from shelter by their
mvn Hie. the troops returned to tho
beaeh ami passed the night In a rain
mi the wet beaih, with no food hut
what they plckisl up on their in.ileh
to the fort. Purine the night n Con-
federate regiment from Newbern enmv
to the beach to help the garrison beat
off the enemy, but they were too
busy repnlihig the parapets and cham
bers Injured by the bombardment to
look for outside trouble.
Barron Takes Command.
Seeing great confusion on laud after
the Confederate tint; fell from l'ort
ClarL. I'lng Officer Ktrliighnui suppos
ed that both forts had glcn up the
light, l'ort I tat terns censed tiling.
Tho former commander of Fort Clink.
Colonel W. F. Martin of the Seventh
North Caiolhia, went Into Foil Hut
teras. reporting his Utile garrison of
lcil men worn out by lighting. About
that lime Flag (Hllcer llarron of the
Confederate navy entered the fort
nnd ut the reipiest of the commandant
look charge of the defense. All the
guns In the fmt were of n.ivul pattern;
nnd It was thought that u naval olUcer
could handle the force with best ex
cciitlnii. There were three guns hi
I'oit Hattera.s hearing upon l'ort
Clark, and another was put In posl
thin to keep the enemy out of tho
Meanwhile the steamer MontlecllQ
had an exciting time trying to run
' 4liwiiif.li flu, Itititf WIiiiii It unmoil ml.
.. tnll .i,,. Confederates had ilb.in-
((M1ed both foits the Montlcello mado
i,er way with dllllciilty In the shallow
.,,. r tu tlv utli of the Inlet. She
,,. j-munded. and llntteras guns
p.,,i n intention, but finally hen shn
W1W t.11U(.,, shallow water the Kind
..u. l.iudlni: live shells In her lth-
n, few nifnutes. Onu shot went com-
pletely through the ship from starboard
to tort mid landed In u coal bunker.
Under cover of the lleet the steamer
got out from under the Confederate
guns, mid the ships soon anchored for
the night. Purlng this da)'s tight thu
Confederate war steamers lay idle i
thu sound. After the abandonment of
l'ort Clark the Kills carried troops mid
miimiinllloii to Foit llntteras, passing
nlllj ri.,,Sslng under the. Shu took
i.-i,,,, oilleer llarron nnd others Into
,u, fort during the afternoon. It was
Nllllj tml olm. f (i,u mib-crs of the
nw fiotuhi wished to put troops
nshore to recover Kort Clark and hold
t Ilt ,. ,,nnt f tliu bayonet If need
i, ,t their counsel was owrruhsl.
Twenty-eight Shells a Minute.
Very early on the 29th the largo
ships of Strlngliam's fleet moved up
nnd were saluted by the stars and
stripes on tort i,lnrk. About ociock
n. in. tho Wabash opened lire, necoril-
ing to the Confisleralo narrative, autl
Immediately a ruin or shells began
dropping In and mound the fort. The
combined armament of the lleet was
seventy-three gnus. A Confederate
counted twenty-eight shells falling hi
onu minute. A rltle battery In thu sand
on thu shore as well ns the guns of
Kort Morgan added to the lire. The
guns of Ilatleras started in bravely to
respond, hut soon found that It was
.useless. Their shots could not reach
Tho Confederates on tho warships
were ninuictd nt seeing the shuts from
Hatteras 'fall short of tho Yankee
ships. Sometimes tlm fort would ceaso
firing and then open with u round or
two simply to show light. Thu guns of.
. tho lleet sometimes dropped u snot
among the Confederate ships, but noun
of t hem was struck.
I'lually the Confederate gunners
abandoned their stations mid took
refuge III the liombpiuof, When lids
was packed with about SIM men n
Yankee shell went In through the
ventilator and lauded In thu crowd.
Forttllintcly the shell didn't explode,
but it resulted III n telilble panic,
which hastened tho fall of the fort,
Thu men rushed from the plaeu mid
found cover elsewhere. Uhe magazine
lay next to the bombproof, mid the
thought of what might have happened
had tliu shell traveled through the Ihhi
pailltlon separating the compartments
or evtu exploded III tliu bombproof
was too niucli for creel! flghtlm: men
to endure. The fuse of this shell went
I out. hut soon another expluled directly
j iiier tin) magazine. I'oriutiately Hilt
hill did not set lire to tho roof, but It
as clear that the enemy had the
riiiiso of the Utals of the'ttork. mid
there wnsn t it bhii on hand strong
enough to laud n slnslc shot In the
Captain Ilniroii called n council of
war, nnd nt 10j4S n.ui.. less than two
hours nfter the flrlnc of the first pipit,
I la 1 1 cms as llylna tho while Had
mid the first naval battle of tho waH
This was not nlnne tho first naval
battle nnd naval victory of the war,
but the first iiiipqulvnt'iit victory on
land or sea. The surrender was uncoil
dilloiial, mid nioiu than K0 soldiers.
Willi their otllcers. and the iirmanictii
of two foils fell Into StrliiKlitim's
hands. The Confederate warships
sailed away Into the sound for n brief
rcplte of liberty.
The Hatteras victory was the besln
nine of the conquest of nil the North
Carolina toast and was n blow to
blockade running from that region.
The Confederates fought tenaciously
for the control of those waters even to
the end of the war, hut with the fall
of Hatteras went the key to the re
gion. Strlngliam's work was quickly
and thoroughly done.
Beginning of War Navy.
On Aiic. 'JO. the day on which this
action elosed. tho New York Tribune
iiiiiiounccd that the United States then
had n nnval force of fifty-nine vessels,
!,! guns mid D.-I'J men In the At
lantic mid gulf squadrons; twenty-live
vessels In the rotomac and eight on
the I'nclllc coast; twelve ordered homo
from iihroad, thirty-one building,
thirty-live titling out and more than
seventy-live purchased. This was tho
beginning of the navy ifiat played so
great a part tu winning the war for
the north. The south had fewer ves.
sels, mid her navy remained numeri
cally Inferior throughout the struggle.
Many of the naval battles were fought
between the Union gunboats mid Con
federate formications, us was the ease.
There were but few other stirring
events dm lug the week ending Sept.
'J. On Aug. SS (Jenenil l'romont as,
signed Oi'iirnil ITIysses 8. (Irant to
command In southeastern Missouri.
MrClellan's outposts uboiit Wnshlugj
ton had n few skliinlshcs during tho
week, but none of lliem of moment
On the 'Jtttli ii large Confederate, force
nttneked about -ILK) home guards nnii
United Stntcn regular troops at T.ex?
lugtou. Mii but were boa I en off with
considerable loss. It was this nctloij
which caused l'renioiit tu send Colo
net Mulligan to Lexington, who nfter
ward Immortalized himself In the slego
of that city.
There were two rather stirring ac
tions on Kept. 1. At Ilennett's .Mills.
Mo., thirty-eight Union troops were
attacked by riflO Confederates, but
rendered such good account of thorn;
selves that they drove their assailants
0ENK1IAI, DANIRI, Ii. niCKl.t-S, AUTHOR
IZH TO DIIIUN1ZK AllflLl.miY AMI IN.
FANTIIY IIIJllMKNrri IN AUllUsr, Ihfil.
(IKNMtAI, IIICKI.KH IS NI'ILI, I.1VIS0. UK
iikl'auk Ai.iiiii-Mi'ouu.NiiKii ANUMWT
inn iiiitiu i,ftu at iii.riinDUJiu,
fur enough back to escape up n ravine,
Tho Federal loss was three, killed and
the Confederate somewhat larger,
Tho other action occurred at Iloouo
Court Housc.'lu western Virginia. Hero
the Union forces attacked, killing
thirty of the enemy, capturing forty,
wounding luaiiy mine nnd burning tho
town. There were no Federals killed.
On Hepl. 'J the body of (icneial Na
thaniel I.yon reached New York ufter
having received tokens of honor mid
respect everywhere In Its Journey
across the continent.
Washington wns now entirely out of
danger. On Aug. Ill (Jenenil Model
Inn wrote: "Our defenses nru becom
ing very strong now, mid tho nriuy Is
Increasing tu elllcleucy and numbers
liilto rapidly, 1 think nenuregurd
has nbandoned tho Idea of crossing tho
ilier nliovn us. mid I learned today
ngnlii that my mn.cmculH had entirely
dlseoueeited their plans, I do not
think they w III dine tp attack. We are
now ready for lliem. The news from
every itiarter tonight Is fuvoruhle. All
BB'- " 'HH
HHHbM0 ' "bHbbIbbH
W. M. Olffnrd. head of the campilgn
against the Mediterranean fruit fly,
has organized the work along cllccllve
linos and the patrolling" of tho clt
Is now In progress.
, Thrt'o Inspectors have hcen nnnicrt,
each In chnrgo of n district, while
nch district Is divided Into three sec
tions. The lmtpcctois go from ono
section to another on succeeding days,
so that nl tho end of each period of
tlnee dnys limy hnvo co.eied their
Tho appropriation avallnhlo for llio
emnpnlgn is Riitllclent only for Ihreo
Inspectors, provided the light Is to bo
kept up until tho next legislature
meets nnd further funds are provid
ed. Mr. OlffRrd has taken the sl
lon that careful, continuous Ins'ipc
t'on, even on n moderate scile, Is bet
ter than to ninko n hlg splurge nt the
start, mid Mien to run out of funds
and hnvo tho pest regain Its former
The part of the city -now being cov
ered Is from n little west of l.lllhn
sticct to n liolnt Just Uwn of Mollllll
and from 'King street lo the edge of
the residential section maiikn.
So limited nre the funds lint nt
this time, no nlteinpt can bo niadu to
Include tipper Nnu.inii valley or the
upper valleys. So wldenprend U llUs
pest Hint Mr. f! I mini Is nf Iho opin
ion each district should have three
"When tho fruit season Is on in full
swing, of course, the work Is much
mine extensive, so Hint It Is foitun
nte that at the piesent time while
wo tiro limited In thu matter of funds,
It Is the off season for most fruits,'
fold Mr. Glffnrd today.
Public Mutt Help.
"Tho success of this campaign de
pends absolutely upon the coomratlon
nnd help of the public. One little hut
very ImiKirtmit help ein ho tendered
by the householder without trouble
That is in tho matter of fruit sweep
ings nnd garbage disposal.
"Whero n householder lives outside
tho garbage collection district, every
thing should ho burned dally. Whero
ho lives Inside 'tho collection district,
ho should sec that all fruit rfttnnlns
nnd sweepings he can led away ovury
day. If not burned, it should be bur
led under nt loast three feet of noil.
II lias been proved that tho larva has
mado Its way out after having been
buried two feet deep.
"Cooperation, nt this time means
miccoss. I urn sure, lu controlling tho
vest. My Ulan Is now lo develop n
clean district 111 tho city nnd gradu
ally to drive thu fly furthor nnd fartli
or Into the upiior valleys and moun
tains, wo cannot hope to drive it
out of tho woods qullrcly. Hut wo
can render Honolulu reasonably safo
and save the fruit trade.
"Ono-lhlng Hint people should do
Is to destroy theso strawberry giiiivus.
They mo very oxtenslvely Wcctod,
tind of course Its that condition are
not fit to cat mid might just ns well
Mr, fllffurd Is awaiting with anxiety
a report from Snji Krunclsco ns to
whether California" will agree to co
operate with Hawaii In fighting tho
fly by providing funda for tho cam
paign. lC. K. Cnrnes, tho Callfornl i
expert ItiH'ctnrliiu who camo here,
fa voi h this plan. Since his return,
however, Stnto Horticulturist .Icllrey
has been succeeded In ofllco by an
other iii-in. whoso attitude Is no
Vnowu here. In enso California will
help In the fight, additional inspec
tors can lie employed.
BE CUT NOW
Tint owing to the fact that the In
junction nskcil for by Jlnrry T. Mills
ngalnst tho leaders of tho light against
tho moMiiltoes has only been Issued
ngahirt Individual persons and not
ngnhi't the Hoard of Health, the lat
ter body can go right nliead nnd cut
out the baiinniis without Incurring tiny
contempt of couit, Is the opinion of
Deputy Atlorncy-ncnernl K. W. But-
ton, who Is handling the mutter for
lie has advised tho authorities of this
fact, and the mutter now stands In
abeyance until they have had time to
consider the mutter. Tho point he
takes Is that the injunction does not
hold good against the Hoard or Health
fur the rcnuni tlmt four separate In
dividuals are mentioned In the pnpers
that were served ifnd that tho case Is
only against them.
They do' not employ tho Hoard of
Health men ns Individuals, but tho men
lire token on by tho department ns a
whole I'm tin r steps along this lino
urn lo be taken very shortly, and In,
all probability the matter will come up
before, the meeting of tho citizens' com
mittee this afternoon,
After n man hn's been married about '
n year ho beiilim to wondor vy hln
friends didn't get husv nnd have li
locked up. before ho did It.
Tho ncraso woman Isn't sa'lsfled
unless her husband" ipilts loving her
long enough to make lovo to. her occasionally,
RE YOU going to land one of these five Grand
carry them off?
HOW ABOUT THAT TRIP TO THE
The BULLETIN is holding it far some little news mer
chant. Who gets it ? " 'e "
Make the other fellows hustle to keep up with you,
And a New Suit
1st. Round Trip
2nd. Gold Watch
3rd. Silver Watch, or equivalent in cash
4th. $25 Dry Goods Order
5th. $25 Grocery Order
REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS.
Entered for Record November 11, 1911.
From 10t30 a. m. to 4i30 p. m. .
Josipli K K.-lK.-io nnd f In llllo
Itallroad Co T
Outline:! Sugar Co to H W Wnloiio.,I5el
I'nlig Mew King et nl by nlty to
Trent Trust Co Ltd, tr, to Knl-
lililUI Ijind Co Ltd D
Knlmnkl I -and Co Ltd to J A l.yle I)
Tunic Chi inn: et nl to I, Apann....l' A
Oahll College by trs to Jean I.
I Doc&Slnatc. '
.,1 POC&SLNATOR. S J MRS.SPEEO,KERCil J I No.THAT'S 1 V r
mDANtUF' LIVCJ ALCTTCRFOR HRI&. 5d KoR. 1 . I
OfSnLK)JouNNO.lvr L TZr"? yML-p"";) riSTHIS
Kjri jUonlv livcdon C Jr yu. TrV4aSL. rYouR V
M?"Mjr S -n I XMiaBUooK. aR&,BuniT fSJl V j3SS!S!kmmm aiirunr T
are you going to let
of Clothes for every boy who comes
near to the leaders.
to the Volcano, or equivalent in cash
or equivalent in cash
'Entered for Record November 13, 1911.
From 8i30 a. m. to 10i30 a. m.
Samuel Knliilnnlnn to Mrs Kn-
wthl Kekima I)
I! Weiy to H Vicars I,
II Vicars to Krni'st Moses At,
llllo Itallroid Co lo M II Austin.... 1)
Illshiip Trust Co Md, tr, to K II
Austin I'ar rtel
i: It Austin nnd f to I'lrst Ihink
or llllo Md M
l.usltnnn' ileiit Socy of II to Man
uel O tin Klivn 1
Agnes II 11 Judd by ntty to Kmlly
C Judd D
PERPETRATED BY WALTMcDOUGALL
INFDRMATON507D SPEAK. AS YDUGETITIN NEW
the otfjer. fellows
Ahe'A I'eirrson to C Ilrewer'& (.'
Former admirers frmn nil over the
United States attended the unveiling
of u stntuc'lu honor of Itobert fl. In
gcrsoll III alen Oak Park. I'corl.i, III.
Cluillrs FredirUk Adams of lln.-lull
was the blef spenki r.
I All Australasian order for ilftv-elght
carloads, comprising 2S.200 boxes! of
npplc Is being lllled In the State of
jWnshhiBton. The lnltl.il shipment con
sists of eight carloads of Yakima Jon-
r we: a,u. S
'OUT O fT-
. 'ji-aodji!,; Vt-Wfe,