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title: 'Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, February 17, 1912, 3:30 EDITION, Page 20, Image 20',
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EVENING BULLETIN, HONOLULU, T. H, SATURDAY, FEB. 17, 1912.
: i. i
The War Fifty Years Ago
Burnsidc's Force In MotionProposal to Abolish Mu
sic In the United States Army Activities Begin In
Tennessee General Grant Ordered to Advance
In Confederate Territory Preliminary Movement
Against Fort Henry, on Tennessee River The First
Fleet of Ironclad Warships The Confederates
Plant Submarine Torpedoes In the Tennessee.
The Famous Kcarsargc Goes to Sea In Chase of
tly Captiln CEiinr.
u s v
in ."Mlio I nlti-il t-intei wir
iiiTtmi-iii pioblhlte.1 tin- n-.-
nrtb lei of foreign in inuriii
... ... .1.. I n .II...I
tun- In Hit nam mid nniiull.-d
and ri'iokid all onitnii.lliiK .oiitrn ti H() nR ( umt ,1(J U 0,min n,,, n-ninl belKlit 'tin- swift ii'in-iil hnil , Ik-ih' Association, .u Him Hid tlen
for sii. b kooiN The obji-i t of thl .1,1.1,, ... .., ,,,., n , ...i,,.,,,,,, ' briniKlit .low 11 1111 Iiiiiiii-iml- on miltj of 1 tleinui.
nidlinl sti-p uni to fuior b.iuie maim
f.ietuilng. It 1:111 Inn.' boeu a .nun
ter blow nt Iliitflantl for problbltlm:
the exportation of munitions of war
This nnu'lnu.l bad done In 1ci inli.-i
on purpose to prpu-nt war upillc
from rea. bins the I'nlted Elites On
the sunt- dm congress consl.bred 11
Mil In nlicill-.il rrglineutnl bands In tin
Miluntper s.t!lp The "no In "i-riln-
Piuplojed 17 000 men nnd hid nln-.nU
was to bo 11 Inn,; mid lostlj one.
Battle Music a Myth.
Contrary tn populir bell, f the nrmv
band Is not a part of the tUhllnj mi-
. I.t... L...I.1I..M.. ....,.. .... I. ..III.. (..
Iill.u ri.ininii uni. I'liiin- ill
spired In niiilc Is all a nunum
Some people Insist tint this often h ip- I
pelied. mid it soldiers who foutbt nil
throusb the wnr tuner saw iinMhliu
ir ll.. I. I. .,t 'I'lt. inii.l. Imid ,p.... ....
.'I tin' niiin ,ii mi.'.' .,.,,- ,,.- ,,M
. . ....... . .. .
uianv inilsieu soiuurs. who eoiil.i not
... 1 ...
nwt J.-..kiihm In niliUtlim to the .i ',. ,,. ,1.,. tilllnir IiIlIi wnt.-r I00k.1l like polar bears, lomlng down , '" IO I'rchciii uie Mens i un - " " , " , ",",., ," ', ."""" ""''""' ""l" """''"
of the their food m.,1 tl... i-xpens,. ,,.1 " i.7.,,.rJ-o.l , I on ,,,..1 I at ' H-'im mil -''! llmt lli.-r To n"M ",M,,,, tl,,,lWo """" wl ' M? ,nltaror" ","1 '' ,ho" nn'!,' hlch It Is now proposed to estnh-
of transporting them This was. of ' " ' ' , J ' ' , -V - ...- the enemj-s .o,p...loes. fond IK-mill mo lo hllghtly alter the title cattle for he was n practical farmer llsb hc.o for mo to expect anything
num.-. a measure of retren. bment. It , '",, V,," ,. r onrideralT- "urn "for. .' '" tlu-lr mooring, n powerful of n piper so as to limit m res,K,n- !' I"e,l the soil mid I, s work. Ho less of this. My observation has been
was nl-iln nt this dite tint the war ... ., ...,....., ,. 1 ... i.um-in. Ilioi look h.-nrt. n-L-nrillni? the, slbllll) to nresentlne one planter's '" I,ot ""'J' M " l" dlRiill) of that most men.liavo in them a loo
v i - s. . . . 1 . . .... 1. (. . .( .v 1 1- - -- --.... . ... . . . ...... nun 1 i-si-in lit fiMtip, ili'n 11 niinini
unless thex 1 h.we The mill wnj to 'ibid waisblps In hs fun e lie would I would slide by them mid M-ssels mm--nlHillsh
the liauds was to muster them I primed to do this If hind troops would I liigupsti.-nm. Pederal, of eourse. would
out of senile This was the result
ill ii- 1 in 1 in iii- ioi Ml lilt -it 11 ii-s)
lint Iitnl1 ItinloliiMl from tlm nrmv
of the bill in the etui nut musii wns
inmps llrlg.ute binds wen- formed.
mid Mime rc.linents or their ollleirs or
pntrotis nt home pilil tin- exiienesmid
retnlned the iunl.
' At the end of .Innunrv Hurnslde's
expulltlon was inusn;- great ex. Ite-
ment throughout the n.uth tod nnioiu
" i ' ' I i , 1H
" ' d&r J Rl ?i10 -jrPs2
Cnp right b It" liw of Hevlcws company.
THU U,NITi:i hl'ATKS IItO.NCL.VI) OUNHOAT i:SSi:. OK KOOl'HS
Irllic Inhnliltnntn of the rnrollni mst.
It wns Utt.g In Hatterns Inlet. North
'C'arollnn, nlilch It reaibe.l on the Kitli
,nnd n-milned for two weeks, storm
' lounil It lomprlsul IU) lessels, nil
' o't them uooikn shins mid not strong
. ! .. 1 11. nt A 11. in 1 kfiotlin.iuterti Mtorni
i- rj-.gul in er the teglo- for seieinl das
, nud was followed lij high tides, wlihli
fined the pissage of tlm ships our
' tiie bar into Pauill.o sound. The laud
J. "gbters of the expedition nuuibeied
,, ir(li(l men The wire nrganled Into
, tnree brigades The first wis niui
m-tnded bl (Jeueral John (5 I oster
Ihlrlj transporl ships were renulied
fur the holdlers alone, tin- for the
horses of the troops nn.l eight or ten
for tiulr supplies, siege trnlu and pon
toon bridges On the flint the strong
est nsbtls of the fleet wen- In tho
sound On Jnn .10 General V 8
tiniut. then a brigadier general of ml
' nutters, riteliod bis orders to mole
t fbe ultail: of I'ott Henry. Tin- In
tepHoii of this Important mole has
'ollt-n In en tiilsstiitnl In pilot 'Ibesu
ine the fni ts (limit was tho com
viii'inder of 11 dlstrh t of territory Ijing
' .Ml liotll sides of the Mississippi riler
hjf'W hiMdiiuurters m-ru nt t'nlro. III.
tjl1!!,. was Hilbordluate lo General II W
Ifnlleik, who i.imuiandeil thu ibpait
111. 'lit of MIsmiuiI. A Ij tcli Included
T tiiiiut's territory SuliordlnutQ to (Jen.
ei ul (Irnnt mu llrlgadler (icnerul C.
i4 ... x -w A.t.i T-... IT......
IX JtlHl BIOVG iiyuiuau juii jicmji.
f (VjJurly In January Oenernl Unlleuk
, 'Jf Instructed Grunt to send out forces
&yT mid innke demonstrntlons against thu
" Coiifedc-rnte posts In bis iklnity.
,'Iriiiit .lelayetl currying out his orders
"for seiernl days, now or. ntcount of
ihiniinornlile weather mid ngnlti bo-
gtiiitse ro enforcements hud not iirrlied.
f'C'iiernl RiiiIIIi'h toliimii was deiijed,
. hut Ih'Iwwh Jan. 18 imJ 25 It innnlied
I. jTiuui rudui-au, Ky., to xutniu two una
oiiolmlf mill h of 1'oit Henry, n post
" , ; ;,."" ;;.,.;;,,,,; tlm
, , ' f ,,,,,,.,. N; .'tMi.-ll
, i(lKll: ,,,r t , r'r,' ;,.
rrn s .A uirij,Hi n,P t,,i,',t l.i-x-
i . ' ,. . ,,,, t..,i ,. ,i, .1'..,.
I M in mid up within sbilllug illstiiu.i
I of the works nud threw some -hells
nt It One shot wis 111 lib- In lepU
, A Cmifi del ntc grnbo.it, wlil.h wns
1 wntrbliu tin- I.etlnglon. ntlr.d be
1 hind the fort when the Peib nil gun
I bo-it .nine ilosp up
. Smith leported tn rirnnt tint two
'gmiboits pniiM rupture Pott lliurv.
' M.i until Hi. iii tinu 1111 tiiili.t IiiiII.ii'I
.i.i,..i. ti - ill... 1 .... 1.
had hi x..sl,sl to do nlthout'olh.r
...... 1... 11,,., .. .1 ,.,i 1 .i.-
K,ti,,.rillo of lumortmit Informallon
, . h,r i,ril,ult i,t Mvdy r.-
I in. IS
The Navy In the Lead.
On .Inn 2S Ping Ollb er A II Poote.
1 who ouniiiaiubil the nmil llotllln
1 nlilili Hu. ,... t,ii,.,,l llltr llllli fit, ,1,1
' ' '
...... ., ........ . ....
"oiiii.si n-riii iiiinei 1 11 ue 10111.1
i'.... 11...... .. 1.1. .1... 1
be nt b mil to hold the fort after t'u1
ships ilni e out the Coufi delates '1 lie
-...-- ...... ..... .... 111-
same iln (Inuit r.ti in IIiilluL. I
t ....... . . ... ..... I
" tin permission 1 win take 1 ort lien I
ry and estnlillsh a huge i.imp tbete"
( on tin- .iiitti limns.,, insirn.tisi ..rant
to pioued against Port Ilenrj In ue
' oh latloti with Poote nnd his ships, to
Iniest the works mid get between It
mid Port Dont-lson This U the earliest
mention on tho Pedrril side of pro
ceding agilust Douelson Halle, k
had rii'.'hed warning from the eist
Hint the Conf. derate (leneiiil Iteiiure
ganl had stnrtul from Vliglula for the
west Willi llfteen legluieiits of Mildlers
to reinfotie the defendeis of Nash
1 lib- .Nashiillu was then the Confid
erate base of supplies In that legion,
nud Port Ilonelsoii was one of Its do
feuses Hailed, told Crant he must
g. t ah. -ail of Ilemiri-gard mid act be
fore he reached the Held.
'the lory day that Halliil; urged
(rant 011 lleauregmd did leaie Manns
, s, Va . for the tumps In Kentucky
He hud no troops with him, boweier
llenuiegaid wns the tnptor of Port
Sumter In April, lsill, and had l.il the
Coufiderates sun issfully In tho bittlu
of Hull linn UN transfer to tho west-
ru niui was therefore important.
It was 11 t-ombluid laud nud water
or tinny nud mil expiditloti, which,
putsiiant to llnlleck'H oideis, set out
on Peb ! to subdue Port Ilenty. Poolu
nude the Ironclad Cincinnati Ills ll.ig
ship mid ptepaicd to iitlack I Im fort
and at the samo time guinl thu tians
parent itssc-ls tatrjlng (Itnut's sol
dleisuud piote.t thc-'r landing. I 'note's
outfit toiisMcd of the ("In. Inu.ill. lis.
set, Caioudelet nud St l.ouls, nil Iron
1 liulii, and the wooden gunboats Cones
toga, Tyler and Lexington.
The First Fleet of Ironclads.
Tho linntlmls were of tho type
known In thp navy ns the "Hnds Iron
vlmls" Thev were built nt St Louis
ir other tielhlKitlng ports on the Mis
Msslppi In Cupt'iiu J II Pads, whose
llit contiact foi (.' constructlnti of
'xou.'Viit f'.lpt, tHlpulntid that they
iiiuiAn tie leaily for sen'.o In sixty
dais. Link of fiinju. He tr.-f1. "(
which Pads supjillcd hSfuH-il. liuri oth
er causes dilayul unistiih 1I011. and Hu
main pint of the licit nut uot dellv
erctl until ulnet days had elapsed
thit Is trims on shore 1 lo-.e to the rli '
il" in- of llym helped win xlrtntlcs
while the) weie owned lij (.upturn
()in nf (lie Pads guulxints nut tho I
I i:set named nfter (lit1 United Stiitf-
1 flUlltl' I tix flllllnlls III I III- Will off I
I IM-' Mini milling llii' 11 1-- t Kir it uii-r-d
in i misers hho wns cointiinnilcd by
l I'm tor, mm nf Dmlil Porter.
win, made tln ii imp Ps.ot hlstotk- by
wiiiiik hi.. i.iiKiiuii on ii lone iruue in ,nrjrew Adams Speaks From
tin-I'm in. . mii 'Hi.- ii.iii.iml inpx, Prnrtiopl Point nf
mil.. I iLilit guns Hit lnfn tumor, rraCUCdl rUIIU Ul
was .mi- iiuil tint.- fourths .'if nil In. Ii
In till' klll-SS
Confederate Submarine Torpedoes,
'I In- Iromlml Cnrou.lclct urn. one .if
rt two of tin- Pads bn.ls to take
thu w id r
rondel.f. Mo. In Mi iI.iih utter
.onlin.t was signed Il.-r .ointii ii.il.-r
In I In- I'm i lloiut expedition thus n-
'" " M'eih'ii.os of tin- first Iron-
" bl-M.lng to bailie on tin- liun.-ss.-o
"H'-ny raln had bi-eii falling anil
' .1... ... t .1 it.
tin- iler bad Hm-ii ini.lill to 1111 un
' iIilftwo.nl. lumber, f. in es mid huge.
j til-en. mid It rupilred nil the hIi-iiiii
power or tin-iiironiM u-i. who ih.i iett ,lf ,lt. ,,,xiseil cstabllshnicnt In
. hors down and the most strenuous f Illwn r n secondaiy Agricultural
ex. rtlonof the mill i-r mill new work- s,1(, 1 m credltnbl Informeil that
Ing.bi) nnd night. topi.-M-nt thel...ati1Iiwian ,,nnlorB ,. ri1,Mi to
from b.lug ilragK.d down slrinui JX(J 0W)hci, lll() mnoctR f a sort
-llilsniUi-isIt) iippeiin-il toilimp..iilbo If ih )e fo lhol ,t b IMHlIle ul
'.'.! i,'.'. '.,"r..' "'." I,. "'!'. !i' rrUome of them, or of ns rather, might
morning they wiw 11 luge nuuibir of .,... i, .,.
u hll.i nl.t... la itlil.th II.i.iiii.Ii llin f.it
wnite oiiji-itH. wiiii'ii. tiiioiiKU tin-rog.
1 rn'sliet in iirtmririiii u u nil n n nn-'
... ...... 1
""" ' ""-r 'H'e M-.llowlng rlv-j It Is entirely possible that some of
1 er which omiosul our nrogiess swept'llu- lews which I shall oresent to 11111
I In broad iln light this hidden I
I,'"1- fl,r lf l1"' torp.-d.n-s had U-eu ills-
I ....I..... I I I I.... I ... .....!.
. HI. mi. nr .mil IIIUUI'K iuitr III. liiKl.h
while we were shining the driftwood
I from our bows some of them would
I.. ....! !....- ..W..t...l..l .. ...!... ..H .1....B
I kiiii-I lme exploil.d
I.,..,,-. .., .-...
I -II... .........I.... I. ...I I....... ... ......1 I..
I 1 ill' 1111 lu-iim-- niui i-i- nil ,iiiii-ii
.. ...... .. .. .
in,- rut ii tie fonrei i-rates Hint tlu-lr ,
.. . . ..'.. ... ..,..
nihil on the Infernal midlines nnd ex
IMIItll lllt'III (ll'J I'Ulllillllt'll SIM I'll!
poumh nf imuiliT mid u-re maliuntl.
plode llieui 'lb.' contained seventy
On the -Ith Hie tleet was within six
miles of Port Henry
Other Sea Fighters Start' For the
'I here were other nainl enterprises
set In motion til the early weeks of
.MISSISSIPPI IUVP.lt FLOTILLA.
IMl'J. On Peb a Dai Id Glasgow Par
r.igut. II. S. N.. sailed from Hampton
II. mils for tho western gulf In the war
ship Hartford .Many of the lessels
whhh weio to nttail. the Confederate
forts at the mouth of the Mississippi
wire already nt the renditions Tho
llurtfotd beuime Piirragut's lligshln
nt New Orleans. She was one of thei'lon of tho world Increased fiotn n
ursi miss war sloops In cxlstenie wheii
hostilities begun, t)po of the twelie
screw wooden vessels which gme 11
good account of themselies before and
after Irnuilnds appeared.
On the day Hint Pnrrngut sailed tho
brand new United States sloop of war
Kent saige sallul from Huston to cruise
for the daring Confiderato prlvnteer
nuiiiier, men on mo coast or isnun. .. . . ... . , .
i.-....ur. .....Iw8 -' pei cent of tho wholo. w 1 lo
- iu.umMit.v nun u Ulil ll'l'll mit'lV
u-ssel. wooden, of course, nnd destined
to mid 11 new hero to the Unlteil States 1
tuny Later In the war tier sides were
proteiltd with chain plating of one
and seieu tenths inch Iron, fastened
amidships to toier tho engines 'the
material for this chain armor tost onlv
$7.' mid wns put on by tho snllors
themselies at no cost to' the govern-
ment. Sho carried senn guns nud
would bine made n formidable ship
for line of battle lighting had fate uot
set her npmt for n tiulsu mid to de-
stroy the lennwned Alabama On the
same date, Peb :i. tho Confederate pri
inteer Nushillle sailed out of the port
of Sttithniupton. Puglanil. under the
iery e)es of the United Stntea steam
slooMif.wur Tusi nroni 'I he .N'nslu Hie
had been at Southampton foi weeks,
baling taken into that port the ireiv
of 11 United States merchant ship
wllli ll she had inpluied mid huiiied In
the Hngllsh channel 'I he I'lwuirora
wnli lusl her meantime. Intending to
ultiKk. hut the llritlsli iiuthotltles torn
pelled her to glie the Nushillle twen
t) four hours' ,simt befoie alini king,
mid thu priiuteor got uiiu) uinuobst-ed.
ON PLAN FOR
Combining n broad view "f educv
tlon with n concrete lili-i of Hawaii's
..!. 4 . !... I.Ihi.ih iniinirur fT
"ll" "" "e" ". ; " ...V
IMIIIIIKII llllllll.llioil, Hl.iue 11 iiiiuiij'i;
. .... . .. ... I... .1.1
nimu-m recently hi inc m-m ..
, Tt-..c hcr Association Mr Adams
' B micahliiK o'l tho plans tor tho scc-
Hdar ngiKiullurul school m KnniiKii,to ccrinm spceiuen requirement in
and Hindu n forcerm plea Mr n real the cuirlcnluin. It Includes tho jmsi -
tilal or Its merits. Hi- s.il.l tUe purpose of shaping nalurnl ten-
Mr. Adams' paper follows ilencles towards ngrlcultnrc, of cngen-'an
fl... l 1 .. ..r tl... M-r.. ti.rlnl Tnn. I .Tnlti.v n Itnltnf 1.. I ll n tllirtiltt nf Inlif.
ITI10 MeniliPia of the Ten lorlal Tea-
Yon have kindly permitted 1110 to
' ,,rCHcm t you the Planters- Ki!nt of
"L I11IW1.H..K I" . .-.vhniw n' i' n '
1 ... . .... .... ..
. . .
ihmiii r view
w ,e n repetition of the lows of
i,p nlcr Bicakers or the afternoon,
Willi Inorn t ll.lllireS 111 HIP lllir.lKeoIOI!V
,.r oxmessloti Such n reuetltion will
mll M(lve (0 einiilinslze the fnet that
,llo lcrcBS of the teacher and the
agriculturist are not Incompatible, but
ui, ,, ,, ,, n 1
bio.idh Kiieaklne. nro Identical.
, . " ' , . .. 1
tiiiKte. to each are mtura forces bus-'
cepllble of dexelopment Into great
productUlty. alwujs proWdcd thpio Is K"Bar H nniaiion win mnKo 11 s
piesont In the mind and soul of tho 8I' fr ,nat plantation to Increaso
niinll nn.l in the soil of Hip field Hint "" usefulness to tho community. It
HiiltIo cuiiHtnicIho element or frco
so necessan to doielonment
The "Old.Style." Institution. If It were, the best do-
Panilllnl to us all Is the picture or elomient of the Islands would not
the old time iiedngngre who oxptesscil r,,IIow- No community prospers when
himself best In whnt ShnkeHpciiie ll ,r a"y cqnsldcrable sccHon of It ts
called thiee-plled li wrhnles, spruco nl'"cil by the more Influential Inter
affectation, figures Knlniitlr.il " I'ei- c"ts- Tho lroscra or this school ask
haps more familiar to us here Is the no R1"8 or 8'K'cl"1 taar tor " Pros
sight of the old stle plantation 01 ei- "crll' l8 Inevitable, bowoter, when
seer who happened along from tho cnc!l Individual member' of the com
ships In the harbor to' tr his hand '""""' ,ms a lnca"8 of cnJo)lng his
at c.ino cultUntlon. I nm shaking of I'rlvllegeB and recognizes his respon
elasses, not of Individuals. The com- 8"'"l"e. We hate not ct reached
mimlt has come to Insist that onli ""-' "lnto ttl,c" "lIs recoBiiltlon Is al
such as haic n natural Inclination nnd "Wilier simntnneous. Not all adulls
IMitleular iiuallllcatlons Mr tho work l1"3"1""8 ' nll l' "Irnngo in-i-linll
preside nt tho teacher's desk In ,k'ert lr "" ""t"torot hoy with no Cj!
the class loom. In tho final annljslH l,olle,lco wre "'''e cMe iiIoim
there Is no real pluco In the Holds for w,",t ll"c'' lay ll18 "wn ,)eHl """elop
Ihe Individual who has no roil hue or mn"1 m"1 ,hro1' wll,lt ch'"inols he
It He Is deficit nt In Ibo larget view. "'"''I ,,c'" rci ,ho rt,a1,,i of lllB
Wliat has this to do with the estnh. '''P1'1'"! usefulness. It Is Just liere that
llsbment In Hawaii of a Seeondmj m,cl1 a liCl,01 nl " '" ""w lroixro.I to
Agrlciltur.il School? You are teach- e8,n,'"8li ca" 8C"e "" l,e8l P'irMisc
era nn.l understand tho meaning of "'' I""'"8 wMI " KlPn lnt"":llon In
mid .u.pieclnto the nccosslty for tho w.1,!" KC,i "' n"lk "" "'" ",n,,amc"t-
Inrgct ilew. Por In your work nnd
mine. Inspiring us to sustulued effort
lor Its accomplishment. Is the kuoiil
edgu of that Insistent human need of
Intelligent, sympathetic guidance ti -I
wards ultimate happiness and the
I common weill. Does happiness, then,
exist on Hie sugar plantations of Ha
waii? Not necessarily nor solely.
Vi.lili.tf In I, .ilil.., I. ...1.. ...1.... nil
....... in 11 uiniuaillUJJ llllJilll, IOUIU
ere, houeior, greater-' ssslhllltles or
Its attainment by the largo mnjorlt In
the Held than In the otllco or tho
wotksliop, ror the ery simple reason
Hint, gcnernll sinking, lire Is mom
natural In tho field tlinii eisewheio.
Vet for seieiul generations Hie tit 1ft.
of imputation has been cltyiimils.
Figures to Prove.
I quote fiotn llguicH compiled i
.Mr. William II. Itosslt. Tho popul 1-
proximately one billion In lS(li) in
iioour uiiu miiioii mit a hair in ISuu.
In Prance, In that hundred )ems, u
gioup of specified cities Increased In
population foiir hundred por tent
wlillo tho rest of tho nation, exclit
slio ol theso cities Increased lltllr
uiiito than 2d jer cent. In Hughim!
1110 imputation of the cities In Hill
1 .. .
I1" 1?" ". w"'s ro "'"" no I"'1 tollt
V "'" "'""' ' wio uniieu huum
tho population In tho cities Inci eased
;uu times during tho centui) while
Hie icnialiidei of tho count ij lurreav
ed mil) cloven times.
Theso figures ute of gtcat slgnlll
cance. I am not certain that the
lauxo uudeiUIng this drift eiliwiir.ls
Is to much desire for mii.in iesi,i.... ..
thtough tho belief that It Is iiioid
iidiaiitageous, as It Is the liiiluro of
tho touutty to meot tho needs of Its
population Another slgnlllcant fact
has been 'icicnled by satstlcal re
seat ch. A Imgo iierccntngo of urban
residents nro lempcriimentnlly unfit
Ini city fo. nducntlon Is not res
ponslblo ror this unfitness, although
wo hear much In theso da)s of thu
tendency of modem s) stems tn edu
cate tho peoplo nwiiy f 10111 tho soil
Tho iigrlcnltuilst has not altogethei
fullllloii his obligations. He has not
helped cniiiiUi to open 11 jt the lutgu
This hngoi ilew need not Include
tho uhlllti to ptoHirly Bran u line or
lliiiiioi. mn to conecHy lender knl
Kit whin It appiais lit tho text, ul
Ihoiitsh that ublllty need not lu Itsolf
Mil K MAKES PLAIN SOME IDEAS
SECONDARY AGRICULTURAL SCHOOL
present a tilling of the noil. It dues training In Intensive ngrculturo. They
Incfndo, however, tlio right of the In- will receive pay for their honciit lab
dividual to hnvo offcrcil him tho klml or. In other words they will Inline-
ofi education which will Htlinulntu his
Imagination, train ha hnml ami cyo.
Increase hla pelf respect and cnhaiico
tho market initio of Ills Inhor.
At the Bottom.
Might hero In one of tho funilninen-
tain of the proposal before tin It If
not altogether the negative purpose
of giving an agricultural training to
onl) such youths as fall to come up
to ccrtnln specified requirement In
dorlng a belief In tho dlgnlt of labor there Is nil this dignity nnd lnaplni
In general nnd of tilling tho soil In tlon attached to agricultural labor why
particular This belief needs no eluh- in it that the fields are not thickly
orate declaration of my profound
fnlth In It. It Is as old as history can
record. .Many 01 uie 0111 classical
willers ae loft us a hcrltngo of
Heal every dnv advice on farming
n'oB w'tb tbelr iwetry or the details
of their niUenturous expeditions. Our
k6o,1 friend Xenopbon. for Instance
wnR not nlwnys marching up a hill or
.unrrl,!.,.- .inwn n.-iln on tlm otliLr
- " "
i.i , ! n. n.,i,iu
it imr ii u inn ci 1 in tii iiiniitinif nn.i
" ,""' ,,t- "- " !. (, -
4"or field operations that are wholly
uppllcablo today. Think of Varro who
t 8n ,'-,r'1 of B wmto n trcnllso
"J1 agrleultnre that Is n standard work
Inlllin.n limn. Kn,n nf llin... If.n...
ill" niv-t-- iniicn. miu wi 11H.-111 niii;,.
"1C xclcuce of agriculture but thev
"" '""' n B"d mensitre of common
.. u..l II....I... -..- A .A A.ul......
l"";- """ "utiey uiiu science
'" organized common sense.
Tlin pHlnlilluhinoiii or n Seenintir
no esinniisnmcni oin aeconnarj
Agricultural School In connection with
1 .. . - . .. -
,8 "vuiiichk xo nay tnai me sugar in
.lllulm I., ll .. ....ui. ... nln...,..u. n...
.lusiry is in no sense an eleemosinary
als of education They will rccclie
('.lately take their places as produce! s
In tho community and will Blinrc In
the hcncfltB of Hint production. An
Ir.erense In the naif esteem of the In-
dividual boy will follow bin rcallza-
Hon of his own powcre and posslhlll-
ties as a producer. Tho mantle of tho
dignity of labor will fall iimm him
bin own Intelligent labor cooperating
with tho scientific training which hu
. - Baek to the Soil."
Perhaps name one w
optimist, nn enthi
tlinrn l nil ll.ln .llrvrtl
III say that I am
enthusiast that if
populated why nro nil these nlnn-
doncd farms in New ICimlnnd? So I
nm nn optimist without cheerful oh
prac-jtlnilsm what would bo our stato of
mind In these dajs when there Is such
n tendency to muckraking nnd the
pursuit of gold nnd of fnshlon? So 1
am nn cnthuslnst. I have cause to bo.
There Is too much evidence of n good
,r,.in.r ..io.,.n.i ....!. 1
"- -..oJ r.,..;.,..iu ivaimn iiuiun
,. ...... .... . ....,.. .,.
of the soil whlcl) woulil have bold
them bad they been properly trainer'
before other calls became strong. One
reason why tho cnlliofYtho city Is so
often Irreslstnble (s.th'at tho untrain
ed, iioorly edupatetl .tiller of tho soil
sees before hi in nothing but long jeirs
of ceaseless, wearying toll with few
(llicrslons. Labor presents to him no
aspect of dignity, lie sees In It Just
plan 01 cry day hard work of the com
mon or garden sort.
To tho youth grounded In scientific
agriculture are oicncd up long vlstns
of isisslbllltlcs. One of theso Is tho
certain Incrciisc In vnluo of his labor
commensurate with his Increased effi
ciency. Not tho lonst of theso Ik tho
positlio knowledge that he Is tho pos
sessor of trained faculties.' which are
Instrumental In producing two spenrrf
of grain whero one grew before. " Ho
comprehends tho scheme of creation.
He bah tho larger Ilew. No man can
deprlie him of his knowledge or his
efficiency. He is of definite. Increas
ing Value to himself and to the com
munity, tie has no desire to gain thu
i.mintutal piocesslon citywards. He
will stay with the soil and prosperity.
How do 1 know this? Look at Deft
mat k. Fitly years ago Its rural dis
tricts wore ho depleted nf imputation
and Its cities so congested, with the
consequent Increaso In tho number Of
litienipboed and In crltno that Us In
ternal reienues wero at nn alarming
ly low ebb nnd Its municipal pollco
systems had the utmost difficulty In
pi opening order. A system of sclentl-
ue ngrleiiltur.il training was Instltiit
ed on the rnrms. Today Denmark Is
called 1:1. gland's dairy. It supplies
that country not only wllli milk and
One trial will convince you
Is the most satisfactory
you can use
It is evaporated and sterilized,
(.leant nnd butter but with eggs us
Look nt tho textile schools of Aus
tria. "These schools wero originally
lounded for tho purpose of reviving
special home Industries which had be
come almost extinct," snjs A. 8. l.o-
vctus, "and to create superior work
men fully equlped not only In their
L-ll lull eqillipel liui uiny ill iiiuii
in particular lines of work, but also-f
1 lines nllled to It to give tho pupils '
some interest In Hie In the world lying
beyond the school The broad general '
am Is to train the pupils for practical
life ahd loio of work." Itcccutly the
scope of the training has been enlarg
ed. "The moral gain to tho pupils oft
these schools," sajs Lovetus again, "Is
Infinitely higher than tho matorhl
gain, for the students nro brought Into
close contact with the world wtlhiiuli
and life becomes a bigger thing t
them " The Inrger view again. What
ts the practlcul result? Austria Is to
day noted for tho excellence of her
textllo rubrics and her people staj at
Then therfe Is Tuskcgec. Mr. John
Graham 11 rooks tells the following
story of one effort In that Institution '
To tho professor of agriculture had
come a lad wIiobo attempts to meet
even the lowest literary requirement!' j
of tho school had failed. .Could he be
permitted to sit In the class for arm
ing. Permission wns granted. It w.i
months before the instructor aver nsky
ed him a question. One day the boy'
came to tho Instructor nnd asked, in
a shamefaced way. If Jbo Instructor!
would soitio time go out to see what,
he bad tried to do. Out of objects
that had been broken nnd thrown to
the rubbish heap tho boy had eoni
structed n hot-house. Prom these plleS'
of wasto ho had picked his glass'A
boards, roofing, window sash and plpi'
lug. i:n 1 ply tomato cans, old pa lis.
uml ntnndoned lamps served him for
furnace and heating tubes. Ho hud
invented cross-section boxes tn which
ho could watch the root-development
of the -10 to SO thriving siicclmens In
his different soil mixtures. The bo's
work was so good that tho instructor
sometimes broiirht Ills plants nud
boxes Into the class-room to show
what experimental science could do to
turn the whole stato Into n, garden.
It Is not to be expected that all tho
pupils of tho proiHised Agricultural
School will heisissessed of faculties
for original research work. Iluteiery
boy will have a hand bold out tn him
In his search for that mythical seen t
or tho soil. Ho will bo taught prac
tical, scientific agriculture.
Is It worth while establishing such
a school? I say emphatically yes
for I have enough faith In human na-
lurq to believe that a fair proportion
of tho pupils of tho school will become
valuable workmon, oven had I no ex
amples of tho success of similar Insti
tutions. Kvery boy who loaves tills
school with a Rood record wilt find
Immediate employment on tho planta
tions or allied Industries If ho so dtf
sires. The planters stnnd rondi to
further nil)' practical effort such as
Uie proK)sal before us.
1 ma) havo wondered a little fui
afield. Hut, you see, there Is tho (arg
I thank )ou for your attention,