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The south-western. (Shreveport, La.) 1852-1870, September 03, 1856, Image 1

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VOL. V . SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1856.: N" 3.
T RMS.
Tim voT Wt-WLrmSt ispublished weekly atTnax
DOLtLAS per annum, payable in advance--fourdollat5
f not paid at the time ofsubscribing. Personswish
ing to discontinue must give two weeks' notice. No
paper stopped, except at the option of the publishers,
until all arrearages are paid.
AnVsRTTSUE5RTs inserted at the rate of ONE DoL
.Lt saE sQAasE for the first insertion, and FIFTr
CuNTs for each subsequent one. TEN LINES, or less,
constitute a square. Liberal deductions made to those
who advertise by the year.
J. P. BENJAMIN,
TTORNEY AT LAW, No. 49 Canal street,
SNew Orleans. Will also practice in the supreme
court of the United States, Washington.
C. BOSELIUS,
TTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Custom-house street, New Orleans.
CHAS. V. JONTE,
A TTORNEY AT LAW, and commissioner to
Stake testimony for Alabama, Georgia, Tennes
see, Kentucky. Ohio, New York, Punnsylvania,Mas
saehusetts, Mississippi, Arkansas, and every other
State in the Union, corner of Camp and Common
streets, (opposite the City Hotel,) New Orleans.
OBHIN HALL. EDWIN W. RODD. JAS. M. PUTNAM.
HALL, RODD & PUTNAM,
Cotton and Sugar Factors,
No 8 Customhouse street, between Chartres and Old
Levee, New Orleans.
G IVE their undivided attention to the pale of the
above articles consigned to them,and to the pur.
chase of plantation supplies, bagging, rope, etc. octl0
THOMAS L. WHITE,
No. 105 CAau STRETas, (second door below the
Mechanics' and Traders' Bank,) New Orleans,
Bookseller & Stationer,
TAW, Medical, Miscellaneousand School Books,
L Writing Paper, viz: cap, letter and note. Wrap
ping paper of various qualities; quills, steel pens,ink,
and a general assortment of BLaSN Booxa. Country
merchants and teachers are requested to call and ex
mine the stock. j26-ly
OCUL!ST
,DR. GUSTINE'S OFFICE
For the Treatment of Diseases of the EVE and
Imperfectionsof Vision, No. 135 ST. CHARLES STREET,
opposite Lafayette Square, New Orleans. All surgi
cal operations upon the Eye attended to. Such as
Cataract, Squinting, the insertion of Artificial Eyes,
etc., etc. jan 1, 1856
J. West, Fractical Dentist,
r 112 ST. CHARLES STREET, near the cor
ner of Poydras, would respectfully in
I form ladies and gentlemen visiting New
Orleans that he performs all operations on the teeth,
in a most skillful and satisfactory manner.
The superiority of J. W.'s Artificial Teeth above all
others, have been long well known and appreciated by
hundreds who are enjoying the benefits of them. Per
sons desirous of availing themselves of such, would do
well to call and examine his specimens.
Dental depot for the sale of Teeth,Foil,Instruments,
etc. Office and residence 112 St. Charles street,near
the corner of Poydras. febl. 1856
JVM. BRAGG,
CARPENTER AND BUILDER,
No. 169 Camp street, corner of birod,
New Orleans.
CISTERNS of all sizes constantly on hand. Sash,
Doors, Blinds, etc., made to order. ap25
TIRRELL & BATES,
I Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS, SHOES AND HATS,
No. 9 Magazina street, New Orleaes.
Manufactory, at South Weymouth, Masr. march 12
CYRUB FLINT. J. H. JONES
C. FLINT & JONES,
Wholesale and retail dealers in
fashionable cabinet
FURNITURlE,
Chairs, feathers, moss and hair mattresses,curled hair,
hair cloth, varnish, etc., Nos. 46 and 48 Royal street,
New Orleans. nov 9, 1855
NEW FURNITURE STORE.
Nos. 171 and 173 CANAL STREET, NRw ORLEANS.
STE undersigned having opened
a large and splendid assortment
of New Furniture, is
prepared to supply the trade and families on the most
liberal terms. This being the ONLY ENTIRE NEW STOCK
in the city, purchasers will find it to their advantage
to call and exgmine the goods and learn the prices
before purchasing elsewhere. Will keep constantly
on hand Mahogany and Walnut
Bedsteads, Bureaus,
Armoires, Centre Tables,
Chairs, Sofa do
Sofas, Card do
Tete-a-tetes, Extension do
Easy Chairs, Washstands,
Secretaries, Book Cases,
Ottomans, Lounges,
Canopies, Cribs,
Feathers, Looking-Glasses, spring, hair and nioss mat
tresses, together with a great variety of arvery article
usually foundin a furniture warehouse.
oct24 CHAS. A. STEWART.
D. KELHAM,
FURNITURE STORE,
IC' Nos. 43, 45 and 48 Bienville street,
NEW ORLEANS.
KEEPs constantly on hand a
large assortment of Furni
ture, such as mithogany and
walnut
Bedsteads, Bureaus,
Armoires, Centre Tables,
Chairs, Sofa do
Sofas, Card do
Tete-A-tetes, Extension Tables,
Easy chairs, Washstands,
Secretaries, Book Cases,
Ottomans, Lounges,
Canopies, Cribs,
Feathers, looking-glasses, spring, hair and moss mat
tresses, etc. D. KELIIAM.
New Orleans, April 9, 1856.
Drugs, Medicines, &c.
T HE subscriber having recently been supplied with
a large and fresh stock of Drugs, Medicines,
Chemicals. Perfumery, etc., would respectfully notify
all country merchants, planters and physicians that
every thing in my line will be sold at vera.small ad
vance for cash, or city acceptances. Below are a few
of the articles on hand:
900 ozs sulph: quinine, 300 lbs pow'd rhubarb,
100 " sulph: morphine, 200 lbs ipecac,
100 " strychnine, 500 lbs senna,
100 " nitrate silver, 2000 lbs gum arabic,
15 bbls refi'd camphor, 600 lbs tartaric acid,
100 kegs sup: carb: soda, 300 lbs blue mass,
10 bbls cream tartar, 800 lbs calomel, E.aA.,
20 bbis epsom salts, 1000 lbs indigo,
90 bblscopperas, 2000 lbs madder,
15 bbls castor oil, 50 lbs chloroform,
20 bbls linseed oil, 20 gross seid'z powders,
20 hbls sp: turpentine, 20 " yeast "
20 bbls alcohol, 25 " soda "
40 kegs salt petre, 40 gross sugarlemons.
2000 bxs druggists' glassware, patent medicines, per.
fumery, medicine chests, instruments, etc., etc.
G. N. MORISON, Wholesale Druggist,
dec 27, 1854 12 Magazine st., New Orleans.
LOUISIANA
PLANTATION CLOTHING
MANUFACTORY,
118"Canal street, between Royal and Bourbon,
NEW ORLEANS.
T HE undersigned having completed his arrange
ments for the manufactory of
Plantation Clothing
on a very large scale, takes pleasure in informing his
epuntry friends and the southern planters generally,
that he is now prepared to supply them at the shortest
notice with
Ready-Made Negro Clo*tlag
of the beat material, and cut to fit each individual, at
as low prices as articles of inferior quality of northern
manufacture. P. A. HEBRARD,
Wholesale and retail Dry Goods Store,
118 Canal, between Royal and Bourbon aSs.
New Orleans, April 2, 1856.
MCFarland's Ploughs.
'E are agents for the above favorite
Ploughs, and have now on hand a
large supply. For sale by
jan23 E. & B. JACOBS.
~n PLOUGHS.
500 Hall and Spear Ploughs, just
received per steamer Runaway.
feb22 OGLERBY & GRIgWOLD.
TANCY AND WHITE DRILLING--A fine as
. sortment, just received and for sale by
march26 G. M. LEVY & Co.
A FRICAN CAYENNE-Fresh African Carenne
.t. Pepper, for sale at WM. BALL' Drug-store.
QUININt-Pure and fresh, just received and for
jale at T. H. MOR IS' drug astre:
H --Of assorted Jsir, patent wa etc., t.b
tcº isa, M. ZlS Dr!?Is
PAPER AND STATIONERY WAREHOUSE
N Wos. 53 rnd 55 Common street, New Orleans.
e. R. STEVENS & Co.,
2- TNVITE the attention of merchants and others via
so L iting New Orleans, to their extensive stock of
* Printing, Writing and Wrapping Papers,
BLANK BOOKS, PLAYING CARDS, INKS, &e.,
which for variety and extent cannot be surpassed b
any other house, and are offered at the lowest prices.
e 6000 reams Printing Paper, of all sizes used;
4000 - Foolscap do ruled and plain,
5000 - ;Letter do do do
10,000 - 'Fancy Note do do
t, 3500 - Straw and rag Wrapping Paper,all size
e 1500 - Hardware and bag do do
2000 - Manilla do do
1000 gross Playing Cards, all qualities;
500 boxes Black Writing Ink;
1000 dozen Webster's Spelling Books;
500 - McGaffy's Readers;
500 -- Webster's Dictionary,
D 400 - Walker's do
500 Family Quarto Bibles, common and fine.
. Anso-A large assortment of full and half-bouni
r BLANK. BOOKS, consisting of record books, dae
n books, journals, ledgers, writing books, etc.
Copying Predses, Envelopes, and Stationery of ever;
description.
* Wade & ButFher's pocket Cutlery, Razors and SciB
sorea of direct importation, at very low prices.
1!2 BLAsN Boors MADE AND RULED TO ORDER, of ani
d pattern. april 25
CARPETING.
"J.1 D. DAMERON & Co.,
0 26 Chartres and 27 Customhouse street, New Orleans
- AVE constantlyon hand a large and choice as
Seortment of Velvet Wilton Tapestry Carpeting;
Brtussels Tapestry Carpeting;
Three-ply and Ingrain do
Matting, rugs, baizes, door mats;
a Stair arld hall Carpeting, etc.
- Floor Oil Cloth,
t, from 3 feet to 24 feet wide, which we cut to suit anj
7 size room or hall
t- Together with window cornices, curtain pins, trans
parent !window blinds, etc. april9
JED'B. WATERMAN. CBAS. M. WATERMAN
J. WATERMAN & BROTHER,
d HARDWARE MERCHANTS,
Corner of Common and Magazine streets, New Orleans
HAVE on hand and are daily
receiving by foreign and
domestic arrivals, a gene
- ral assortment of articles, comprising in part as follows
Hardware, Cutley, &c.
r- Iron, Steel, Nails, Rope,
t- Axes, Chains, Scythes,
w Carpenter's Tools, complete,
1, Cooper's Tools, complete,
Anvi!s, Vices, Bellows,
II Stock and Dies, Screwplates,
y Ploughs, Hay Cutters, Corn Shellers,
Agricultural Implements,
o Mill, Cross-cut and Pit Saws,
Ox Yokes, Bows, Singletrees,
Turning Lathes,
Platform Scales,
Corn Mills,Cob Crushers
Hoes, Hameis, Shovels and Spades,
Andirons, Fenders, Shovels and Tongs, I
Copper and Iron Coal Hods,
Single and double barrel Guns,
Coffee Heclas, Chafing Dishes, -
Chinese Gongs, Iron Bedsteads,
Britannia and Plated Ware,
Meat Cutters, Sausage Stuffers,
Stock Kettles, Portable Forges,
nov 15, 1855 Seines, Fishing Tackle, etc etc.
FRESH IMPORTATION
For Sunmer and Fall Trade, 1856.
WM. B. MILLER,
Wholesale and Retail
DRUGGIST AND BOOKSELLER,
TEXAS STREET, SHREVEPORT,
Is now receiving and opening a
large and FRESH stock, recently
purchased from Manufacturcrs
and Importers, in New York and
Philadelphia, particular attention
has been paid to making the as
sortment as,complete as possible, and to the selection
of Puare Drugs, .which can hb recormmended and GOu.R
,aNrtXn to m} patrons. The following list comprises
a few of the articles on hand and to arrive:
700 dzs Powers &Weight- 2000 lbs sup: carb: soda
a an's'Quinine 1000 lbs copcras
225 ounces Rosengarten's 350 fts sal: soda
Quinine 500 lbs Epsom salts
250 btls salts of morphine 800 lbs roll sulphur
150 tibsPowers &Weight- 850 18s flour sulphur
man's Chloroform 400 gallons alcohol
150btls Powers&Weight- 150 do castor oil
man's strychnine 320 do lard oil
75btls Powers&Weight- 400 do linseed oil
man's preciptext bark 150 do varnish
20 Itis iodide potassium 200 do train oil
125 lbis best EaA calomel 8000 lbs pure and extra
125 lbs do do blue mass white lead
200 lbs spts: nitre dult: 2000 Ils putty in bladders
200 lbs aqua ammonia 1000 lbs Spanish, whiting
50 lbs Turkey opium 100 books of gold leaf
60 lIs blistering ointment 6 gross paint brushes
{ 45011s cream tartar, pure 800 lbs assorted soap
10 gloss Scotch & Mac- 600 its star candles
caboy snuff 4 gross Ky mustard
600 bxs asst window glass 250 lbs chrome andPar
200 gross bottles, phials is green
and jars, assorted 10 reams sand paper
250 doE assorted liniments 25 gross lucifer matches
300 doz do vermifuge 100 lbs potash
300 do spts turpentine 500 lbs saleratus
S150 gross assorted patent medicines, embraclg Jaynes
Radway's, McLane's, Bull's, Wright's Lou en's Mof
tat's, Dalley's, Ayer's, Grasffenburg's, Bragg's, Fahne
stock's, Furrell,s, Townsend's, Sand's and Christie's
preparations.
175 reams letter, cap and note paper. 100 reams
wrapping praper; 25,000 envelopes, 150 gross steel pens
50 doz. blank books; 6 gross assorted inks.
A large and varied new stock of School Books, late
novels, In cheap form; poetical, medical and miscella
neous books, in great variety.
Fine per. and pocket knives, razorg and strps, scis
Ssors, pencils, fishing tackle, toys, tooth, hair, cloth,
shaving and other brushes, musical instruments and
appurtenances, gun caps, pipes, combs; notions and
fancy e ctic!e in great variety, French, English and A
mterican perfumery, toilet articles generally, surgical
instrumantp, botonic medicines, medicine chests, phy
siciane' saddle bags, tea, spices, dye stuffs, best brands
of chewing and smoking tobocco, brandy, wines and
spirits for medicinal use, powder, shot, starch, vinegar,
wrapping paper, lanterns, parlor and store lamps, wil
low basket , blacking, etc., etc., etc.
The follbwing are my own preparations, are highly
approved ahd recommened to the public:
illler's Astringent Balsam, for cholera, disarrha,
cholic and derangement of the bowels from change of
water. Eight years experience has satisfied me that
this is thai best general temedy for the people ex
tant, and Ido not hesitate to recommend it to be kept
by every family and traveler, as a nieans of safety and
protection against cholera.
Mliles s Eferveslng Magnesia Aperient, acts gently
on the bowels, corrects acidity and flatulance, is highly
recommended for the cure of dyspepsia, sick headache
and costiveness, is a very agreable cooling drink. La
dies who have used this remedy, find it peculiarly use
ful and saljmtary, if not indispensable. Beware of the
imitations of this medicine, sold elsewhere.
Mliler's Baperior Yeast Powders, put up in I, 2 and
4 ljbs.cans, for family use, for making light, sweet and
nutritioes bread, equally adopted to loaves, hot biscuits
or rolls; btlckwheat and other griddle cakes, ginger
bread, and sweet sakes of all kinds; the bread made
with this yeast is free from all objections, it is whole
some, disgestible and economical.
Orders ftomn physicians, merchants and planters will
be executed with fidelity and dispatch, and at as low
prices a possible. Fresh additions will be made to the
stock during, the year. WM. B. MILLER,
April 30,11856. Druegist sand Bookseller.
. at4nt Circalar Saw Mills.
THE:subscriber, agent for Lee & Leavitt, Cincin
nati, ofers for sale their Saw Mills, with the im
proved head blocks, enabling one man to move the
log on the ways with ease and with the greatest accu
racy, thereby saving one man's wages, and making
better work than mills with the usual screw-head
blocks, PRaCEs:
48 inch saw mill, carriage 25 feet long,.....,.....$400
50 - - 25...................... 410
52 -- 25 .................455
54 - - 25......................... 475
56 - 25......................... 500
Larger sizes in proportion.
Extea. saws from 4 inchesup to 72 inches. The saws
to these mills, as well as the other parts, are made by
L. & i., and are in general use in the west andsouth.
They h've no superiore.
Hforse.potwer and steam engines are furnished
when ordered, made by L. & L., and adapted to these
mills. Two mills in store and for sale by
L. J. WEBSTER,
Corner of Magazine and Lafayette streets,
mnre626 New Orleans.
"V ACINE )IATfTE',-Fresh scabs and quilla for
sak at W W~4. BALL's
mnty i prorý$esgre,
First Steamer on the Western Waters.
Below we give a thrilling and interesting
sketch of the first trip of the New Orleans from
Pittsburg to Natchez. She was the first steamer
built on the western wate ars, and the first to
make a trip down the Mississippi,$She left
Pittsburg in October, 1811, was in the vicinity
of New Madrid, at the time of the great earth
quake, and reached Natchez, her destination,
in January, 1812, thus making the trip in about
three months, The boat subsequently run as a
packet between that point and New Orleans;
and was snagged after running about two years.
She was a very small stern-wheel craft, such
as would be considered veryt diminutive at the
present time when compared with boats of that
class. The following narrative is taken from
"Latrobe's Rambles in North America:"
Circumstances gave me the opportunity of be
coming acquainted with the particulars of the
very first voyage, of a steamer in the west.
The complete success attending the experi
ments made in steam navigation on the Hud
son and adjoining waters, previous to the year
1809, turned the attention of the principaltpro
jectors to the idea of its application on the west
ern rivers, and in the mionth of April, of that
year, Mr. Roosevelt, of New York, pursuant to
an arrangement with chancellor Livingston and
Mr. Fulton, visited those rivers, with the pur
pose of forming an opinion whether they ad
mitted of steam navigation or not. At this time
two boats, the North River and the Clermont,
were running on the'HudsoritTMr. Roosevelt
surveyed the rivers from Pittsburg to New Or
leans, and as his report was favorable, it was
decided to build a boat at the former town.
This was done under his directions, and in the
course of 1811, the first boat was launched
on the waters of the Ohio. She was called
the New Orleans, and intended to ply between
Natchez, in the State of Mississippi,. and the city
whose name she bore. In October she left Pitts
burg for her experimental voyage. On this oc
casion no freight or passengers were taken, the
object being merely to bring the boat to her
station. Mr. Roosevelt, his young wife and fam
ily, Mr. Baker, the engineer, Andrew Jack,
the pilot, and six hands, with a few domestics,
formed her whole burden. There were no
woodyards at that time, and constant delays
were unavoidable. When, as related, Mr. R.
had gone down the river to reconnoitre, he had
discovered two beds of coal, about 120 miles
below the rapids of Louisville, and now took
tools to work them, intending to load the ves
sel with the coal and to employ it as fuel, in
stead of constantly detaining the boat while
wood was procured from the banks.
Late at night, on the fourth day after quit
ting Pittsburg, they arrived in safety at Louis
ville,, having been but seventy hours descend
ing upwards of seve* hundred miles. The not
el appearance of the tvessel, and the fearful ra
pidity with which it made its passage over the
broad reachep of the river, excited a mixture of
terror and surprise among the many settlers on
the banks, whom the rumor of such an inven
tion had never reached; and it is related that
on the unexpected arrival of the boat before
Louisville, in the course of a fine, still, moon
light night, the extraordinary sound which fill
ed the air as the pent up steam was permitted
to escape from the valves on rounding to, pro
duced a general alarm, and multitudes in the
town rose from their beds to ascertain the
cause. I have heard that the general impres
sion amongst the good Kentuckians was that
the comet had fallen into the Ohio river; but
this does not rest upon the same foundation as
the other facts which I lay before you, and
which I may at once say I had directly from
the parties themselves. The small depth of
water on the rapids prevented the boat from
pursuing he7 voyage immediately, and during
the consequent detention of three weeks in the
upper part of the Ohio, several trips were suc
cessfully made beiween Louisville and Cincin
nati. In fine, the waters rose, and in the *irse
of the last week in November the voyage was
resumed, the depth of water barely admitting
their passage.
When they arrived about five miles above
the Yellow Banks, they moored the boat oppo
site the first vein of coal, which was on the In
diana side, and had been purchased in the in
terim of the state government. They found a
large quantity already quarriedd to their hand,
and conveyed tokhe shore by depradators who
had not found means to carry it off, and with
this they corimmenced loading the boat. While
thus engaged, our voyagers were accosted in
great alarm by the squatters of the neighbor
hood, who inquired if they had not heard strange
noises on the river and in the woods in the course
of the preceding day, and perceived the shores
shake-insisting that, they had repeatedly felt
the earth tremble.
Hitherto nothing extraordinary had been per
ceived. The following day they pursued their
monotonous voyage in those vast solitudes.
The weather was observed to be oppressively
hot, the air misty, still and dull, and though
the sun was visible, like a glowing ball of cop
per, his rays hardly shed more than a mourn
ful twilight on the surface of the water. Even
ing drew nigh, and with i. some indications of
what was passing around them became evident.
And as they sat on deck, they ever and anon
heard a rushing sound and violent splash, and
saw large portions of the shore tearing away
from the land and falling into the river. It was,
as my informant said, "an awful day; so still
that you could have heard a pin drop on deck."
They spoke little, for every one appeared thun
derstruck. The comet had disappeared about
this time, which circumstance was noticed with
awe by the crew.
The second day after leaving theYellowBanks
the sun rose over the forests the same dim ball
of fire, and the air was thick, dull and oppres
sive as before. The portentous signs of this
terrible natural convulsion continued and in
creased. The pilot, alarmed and confused, af
firmed that he was lost, as he found the chan
nel everywhere altered; and where he had hith
erto known deep water, there lay numberless
,trees with their roots upwards. The trees were
seen waving and nodding on the bank without
a wind, but the adventurers had no choice but
to continue their route. Toward evening they
found themselves at a loss for a place of shelter.
They had usually brought to under the shore,
but everywhere they saw the high banks disap
pearing, overwhelming many a flatboat and raft
from which the owners had landed and made
their escape.
A large island in mid-channel, which was se
lected by the pilot as a better alternative, was
sought for in vain, having disappeared entirely.
Thus in doubt andterror they proceeded hour
after hour, until dark, when they found a small
island and rounded to, mooring themselves to
the foot of it. Here they lay, keeping watch
dn the deck during the longautumnal night, lis
tening to the sound of the waters, which roar
ed and gurgled horribly arouud them, and hear
ing from time to time the rushing earth slide
from the shore, and the commotion as the fall
ing mass of earth and trees was swallowed up
by the river. The lady of the party, a delicate
female, was frequently awakened from her rest
less slumbers by the jar given to the furniture
and loose articles in the cabin, as several times
in the course of the night the shock of the pass
ing earthquake was communicated from the is
land to the bow of the vessel. It was a long
night, °but morning dawned and showed'them
that they were near the mouth of the Ohio.
The shores and the channel were now equally
unrecognisable, for everything seemed changed.
n About noon that day they reached the small
r town of New Madrid, on the right bank of the
D Mississippi. Here they found the inhabitants
in great distress and consternation. Part of the
population had fled in terror to the higher
grounds, others prayed to be taken on board,
as the earth was opening in fissures on every
side, and their houses hourly falling around
a them.
Proceeding from thence, they found the Mis
sissippi, at all times a fearful stream, now un
usually swollen, turbid and full of trees, and af
e ter many days of great danger, though they
felt and perceived nothing more of the earth
3 quake, they reached their destination at Nat
chez, at the close of the first week in January,
1812, to the great astonishment of all-the es
cape of the boat having been considered an im
possibility.
At that time you floated for three'or four
hundred miles on the river without seeing a hu
r man habitation.
Such was the voyage of the first steamer.
The natural convulsion, Which commenced at
t the time of her descent, has been but slightly
3 alluded to, but will never be forgotten in the his
tory of the west; and thchanges wrought by
it throughout the whole alluvial region through
which the Ohio and Mississippi pour their wa
ters, were perhaps as remarkable as any on re
cord. We hear less of its effects, because the
region in which it occurred, was of such vast
extent and so thinly peopled, that part of the
alluvial country which is contiguous to the point
of junction of the two rivers, and especially the
vicinity of New Madrid, seems to have been the
centre of the convulsion. There, during the
year 1811 and 1812, the earth broke into in
Inumerable fissures, the churchyard, with its
dead, was torn froin the bank and engulfed in
the turbid stream. To the present day it would
appear that frequent slight shocks of earth
quakes are there felt, and it is asserted that in
the vast swamp at the back of the town strange
sounds ma y at times be heard, as of some
mighty caiildron bubbling in the bowels of the
earth. Along the banks of the river, thousands
of acres, with their gigantic growth of forest
and cane, were swallowed up, and lakes and
ponds innumerable were formed.
The earth in many paris Was observed to
burst suddenly open, and jets of sand, mud and
water to shoot up into the air. The beds of1
these giant streams seemed totally overturned,
islands disappeared, and in many parts the
course of the river was completely changed.
Great inundations were the consequence. The
clear waters of the St. Francis were obstruct
ed, the ancient channel destroyed, and the riv
er spread over a vast tract ofswamp. In many
places the gaping earth unfolded its secrets, and
the bones of gigantic mastodons and ichtyosau
rus, hidden within its bosom for ages, were
brought to the surface. Bolts and arks with
out number were swallowed up, some buried
by the falling of the banks, and others dragged
down with the islands to which they were an
chored. You may still meet and converse with
those who were on the mighty river of the west,
when the whole stream ran :oward its sources
for an entire hour, and then resuming its ordi
nary course, hurried them helpless on its whirl
ing surface with accelerated motion towards the
gulf.
MARTITED-EXTRAORDINARY ELOPEMENT, &C.
!ihe community of Madison county, (Ala.) was
suddenly startll(l by the elopement of John E.
Townsend with the step-daughter of his over
seer, on Friday night, the 25th of July, and the
discovery of the extensive frauds he has com
mitted-taking with him it is supposed, cash
funds to the amount of over one hundred thou i
sand dollars, belonging to the assets of the
estate of his uncle, the late Edmund Townsend,
of which he was the co-administrator; as also i
funds obtained from two commission houses in
Huntsville, in drafts to the amount of $35,000
or $40,000--besides contracting sundry debts
about Huntsville, leavinghis wife and children,
and all his property, growing crop, &c., except
two negroes. Attachments up to Monday, the
28th July, to the amount of $120,000, had
been placed in the hands of the sheriff, and had
been levied on his property.
It has been a matter of much speculation as
to the motive which influenced Townsend to
thus abscond. He was not in debt-his prop
ertt that he has left is north, it is said; very
neSr the amount for which it has been attach
ed, and he was the heir, in prospectu, of all of
Samuel Townsend's property, (estimated at
$200,000) besides other legacies in prospect.
0So that the only advantag e he has apparently
gained in his situation by the operation is the
"gal"-a boon rather costly to him any how,
as it is said he bought $700 worth of jewelry
to deck her off with, in IHuntsville, a day or
two before he started. Apparently to the pub
lic there is no motive for his elopement, nor is
it known which way be has gone. If he had
intended to pursue planting, the only business
he knows any thing about, he would have ta
ken his negroes and gone south-west. But we
incline to think his object is some secluded I
spot, where the chances for discovery will be
very few, and where he can live on his money
i[ seclusion. [Athens Herald.
MARRYING A CORPsE.-We find the follow
ing strange story in the New York Courier and
Enquirer:
"The son of a believer in spiritualism, resi
ding at Bordentown, N. J., died last week, and
his death was made the occasion of exhibiting
a nlauirntabl piotoup of human halluciznation.
The deceased had been engaged to be married
to a young lady who was also a firm believer
in spiritualism. On Sunday morning last, with
the consent of the young man's father, this
young lady was married to the corpse by the
"spiritual ceremony," which was performed
through a boy, who acted as medium. The
young lady was attired in all the usual bridalI
paraphernalia at the ceremony, and after it was
over the funeral of the deceased took place.
It was attended by upwards of two thousand
persons, from Bordentown and vicinity, who
had been attracted to the spot by a morbid cu
riosity. The young lady acted at the grave
like she was really possessed with an evil spirit;
she raved and flung herself into the grave, and
was with great difficulty borne from the spot to
the residence of the madman whom she regards
as her father-in-law. Since the funeral she
lives at his house, and at meals a plate, cup
and a portion of all the condiments of the table
are set apart for the dead man, whose empty
chair these victims of demonism suppose to be
tenanted by his spiritual body.
Ex-president Martin Van Buren is out in a
letter in favor of Buchanan, on the ground that
the Cincinnati platform (accordingto Mr. Buch
anan's reading of the fabric) contains squatter
sovereignty, and Mr. Buchanan stands square
upon that anti-southern plank. Of course Van
Buren knows his man, and looks to Buchanan
as the bow in the clouds, promising a restora
tion of the freesoil dempcratic dynasty, of which
he was himself such a.brightparticular star.
We congratulate the southern democracy on
this most distinguished accession to their ranks.
Only think of it, reader! The "sage of Kin
derhook" hob-nobbing it with Old Buck, and
southern democrats throwing up their hats
the delightful spectaele! [Georgia Citime
r Extract from a speech delivered by C. HasNDasON, at
Monroe, Ouachita parish, August 2, 1856:
An insidious argument has been industriously
urged in favor of the presidential candidate of
the democratic party, which, though false, as it
is unfairly presented, deserves a reply.
We are called upon to vote for James Buch
anan for the purpose of defeating Fremont, the
candidate of the republican party. We are
urged to to this on the assumed ground that
Millard Fillmore cannot be elected, and the ap
peal is made to us as southern men, to present
an undivided southern front against the north
by uniting on Buchanan!
In the first place, the argument is purely a
sectional one, and calculated rather to aggra
vate than to avert the evils impending the coun
try. We intend to defeat Fr6mont, but it shall
be done by a national vote. "Whoever is for
the north as against the south, or for the south
against the north," is not of our political faith.
This is the sentiment of our great leader Mil
lard Fillmore, and it is endorsed by every truly
national man from Maine to California.
Again. Those who use the argument are not
sincere in it. They never deny that Fillmore is
a national man-that he has been tried and
proved preeminently worthy of American con
fidence. Yet it has never occurred to them to
propose a union on him! This oversight comes
of their peculiar habit of looking forward-not
to the good of the country-but solely to the
success of the democratic party.
The argument is unsound. Because if Buch
anan should go up with every seuthern vote, it
will not elect him. He must have, in addition,
twenty-nine northern votes--and these are hard
ly to be obtained, by laying aside every other
consideration, and defying the north to a sec
tional issue and a trial of strength. If Fr6mont
is elected, it must be exclusively by northern
votes, for he cannot get a vote from the south.
The north has a majority of the electoral vote,
and if she chooses to cast them for Fremont,
what difference would it make whether the south
were united or divided? Mr. Fillmore arid Mr.
Buchanan will, together, receive every south
ern vote, despite the treachrrous actions of the
democratic party in Missouri, and they will, to
gether, be more likely to carry twenty-nine
northern votes than Mr. Buchanan alone.
Aside from the main question, I believe that1
Fillmore will alone receive a sufficient number
of northern votes, which, added to his southern
vote, will give him a majority in the electoral
college. But if he does not, and he and Buch
anan together can take twenty-nine northern
votes from Frenont, (which they certainly can,)
it will defeat Fr6mont in the popular election,
and, thus defeated, he is forever defeated. It
is undeniable that if the election goes into the
house of representatives, there are conservative
men enouhli in the house, if united, to elect a
national man. If this union cannot then be ef
fected, it will be the fault of the democratic
party, and I go aside here to remark, that if the
democratic party had not sulkily rejected every
proposition at affiliation with theAmerican party,
Banks would never have been elected speaker.
But suppose the democratic party to be as
stubborn as ever, and each party in t'he house
stands 1q its own candidate, the result will be
no election in the house. In this eveUt, the
vice-president, by the constitution, becomes de
Sfacto president. The senate will have the select
ing of the {ice president, and the senate being
democratic, will select Breckenridge.. - I am sure
democracy will have no right to complain at
suci a result.
Nevertheless, if the party is not satisfied with
this reasoning, and remain so patriotically soli
citous on the subject, let them swallow their own
prescription, and withdraw their own candidate! I
This can be done with a better grace, because
Fillmore is a tried nman-a true man- a man
more generally beloved by and acceptable to
the American people, than is James Buchanan.
But the republican party of the north have
discovered, as have the democratic party of the
south, that Fillmore will defeat them, and they
are making the same complaint. The truth is,
fellow-citizens, our candidate is very much in
the way of his opponents everywhere.
I will dismiss this pet argument of our oppo- i
nents with one more remark: I believe their
object ip urging it, is, that they are afraid Fill
I more will be elected, and are endeavoring to make
a scare-crow of Fs'mont to frighten the timid
into doing their will, when they will laugh at
them as the dupes of their sophistry, and the;
victims of their false alarms.
Fear not, fellow-citizens, Fremont can never
be elected. The party that nominated him.
are famous for enthusiastic conventions, but
when their action comes before the people, the
enthusiasm subsides. With an abiding con
fidence in the patriotism of the American peo
ple, we will present no sectional issues as-they
would persuade us, but meet the sectionalist on
national grounds, and overwhelm him with a
degrading consciousness of his own moral trea
son. Already has the fatal blow been struck,`
and nobly was it done! The voice that so re
cently echoed along the shores of the Hudson.
heralded the doom of the reckless agitator, and
smothered the thunder of the sable republican
artillery! Strong and fearless in his purpose of
right-unmindful of his own success or deftat,
and determined with all the resolution of his
own great heart to detect the traitor-Millard
Fillmore, with irresistible hand, tore the silver
veil froma the face of the false prophet, and ex
posed the loathsome thing in all its horrible ug
liness. Uow the Sewards, the Greeleys and the
Wilsons howled, when, in the language of the
Washington Union, "Fillmore exposed the dis
union purpose of the black republican nomina
tion." and how were the deceived masses of that
party" brought to a sober reflection! You will
remember that Fillmore did this at Albany,
while James Buchanan was playing "hide-and
whoop" behind the democratic platform.
T'l' democratic organs of the country have
adopted what they call "the unanswerable ar
gument" of Mr. Fillmore against the republi
can party, and yet they insist on us supporting
Mr. Buchanan with the hermetical seal on his
lip, for he has declared himself an absolute and
incorrigible "say nothing." I would ask, are
men, to be rewarded for doing good, or are they
to be:.ewarded for an inveterate pledge to si
lence dnd inaction? The answer should be, that
in an lIo;r of peril like this, America expects
every man to do his duty. The American
principle has been recently most triumphantly
vindicated by the Germans of the north, who
have tlhsown off the disguise and now stand in
the full light of abolitionism, as we always de
monstrated they would; and shall we now for
sake 'a principle so clearly vital to the best in
terest of the country, and unite with those who,
for party purposes, have so carefully fostered
this foreign element of treason-and all to vote
for a man who shakes his head in determined
silence when the country is calling on every pat
riot tb come to the rescue? It cannot be ex
pectkd of us.
fillmore can't be elected! Who says so?
Let ugjnquire, and it may be we will find it out.
There is, fellow-citizens, a posse of political lead
ers whoigorge the entrance to the white house
and capitbl at. Washington, or may be seen prom
enading Pennsylvania avenue with an official
strut. The are the first recipients of the fruits
of part triumph-and they say "Fillmore
ea elected!" There is anotherposse at
gcommiercial "city and port of entry in the
~ 1y, who with greasy chopis and bloated
vis , gobble the f t of dthe Ian, c a4 t eý y
"Fillmore can't be elected.f These are tlhe
second recipients. There is another posse who
hover somewhere near the courthouse in every
county and parish in the country, and they dis
tend their little throats to scream likewise that
"Fillmore can't be elected." These are the
third recipients and ekpeetants.. All these
crows that caw arournd the public crib-are un
animous that "Fillmiore can't be elected " But,
fellow-citizens, hate they cbnsulted you? The
farmers, the mechanies and laborers of the coun
try, who vote for their country anrd not for them
selves-have; they been consulted? Perhaps
if they will yiait awhile, and hear the people
speak, therey will be a different report to make.
Why, it is acknowledged that Fillmore is a
true man, and has the advantage of having been
thoroughly tried; and I will add on my own re
sponsibility, that of living statesmen 'he is first
in the heartgof his countrymen." .What mean
they, then, by saying "lhe can't be elected?"
Are we to understand them as insinuating that
they have the masses so completely fettered in
the lead-strings of party, they.cannot vote for
the.man of their choice? Woe is the day whep
a free people cannot choose for a ruler the man
after their dwn heart!
SQUATTER SQVrEEIGuTY.--''Publius," of
the laste Telegraph, says the reason squatter
sovereignty is unpopular at the south is, be
cause it is not thoroughly understood. Does
the writer of that article arrogate to himself
more profundity of statesmanship than Calhoun,
Berrien, Colquitt, and all leading statesmen
of the south? Has he discovered the great
constitutional rock upon which the south can
stand? If smitten, willstreams of equality gush
forth from it? He asks, how a citizen of Geor
gia alienates his right to his slave by going to
Kansas? The citizen of Georgia does not him
self alienate his right to his slave, but under
the squatter sovereign law, an accidental freesoil
majority in Kansas, can and will do it. Kan
siis may and can remain in a territorial state so
long as she pleases. You cannot compel a ter
ritory to make application for admission as a
state, iiito the Union. She may remain a num
ber of years in a territorial condition, (as in the
case of Florida and Michigan, some ten or fif
teen years.) Under territorial legislation, or
squatter sovereignty, a bare majority of the leg
islature or people of the territory can exclude,
abolish or prohibit slavery. That is, a major
ity of one in the territorial legislature, or a bare
majority of one in a general election by the peo
ple of a territory, may and can, under squatter
sovereignty, exclude the people of the south
from an equal participation in the common ter
ritory of the United States. Bear in mind, peo
ple of Georgia, that this writer would give to
an accidental, unnaturalised, irresponsible ma
jority the power to deprive the south of her
rights in the common territory. Bear in mind
that the territory is the property of all the States.
Remember that the expenses of a territorial
government are paid by the money of all the
States. Suppose that Kansas should prefer to
remain in a territorial state some ten or fifteen
years, and squatter sovereignty prevails there,
a bare majority of one, either by the people or
the legislature, will exclude us of the south from
carrying our negroes into the common territo
ry of these States. While it is the common
property of all the people of these States and
held in trust by the general government, pay
ing the expenses of the territory's government
out of the money belonging to all the States
and to the people of States, would that be just,
would that he equality-equality to say the
south shall be excluded from her rightful share
of that territory, that has been either acquired
by the common blood of the people or the joint
treasure of the country. The writer may, if lie
chooses, fall into the soft embraces of this De
lilah, but the south, true to her interests, will
never consent to be shorln of her locks and
strength evenfby the "soft impeachment" of
"Publius" and his northern doctrineof squatter
sovereignty. He instructs the people upon a
subject that has been illumined by the philoso
phy of Berriei) made brilliant by the eloquence
of a Clay, and consolidated by the severest of1
tests-Calhoun's logic! Squatter sovereignty!
It is the great Anaconda with which the north
seeks to embrace the south. His filthy slime is
already on the south; one step further, and we
pass to the stomach of the north, to be vomit
ed forth at her pleasure and convenience.
[0 Georgia Citizen.
A PICTURE OF CoNuREss.-Independent, the
Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia
North American, draws the following picture
of congressional life:
'The whole tendency of things here is down
ward. A standard lower than mediocrity, and
the vast inc:eased annual expendituresehave
opened channels of corruption, which have per
ceptibly entered the halls of legislation, and
made traffic and venal combinations a profes
sional system. If the lobby has been reduced,
it is because the inside operators have been in
creased in number. The spoils of legislation
are notoriously parcelled out in the halls of
congvres, among a few choice spirits, who are
supposed to be potential in local affairs. Any
respectable :nember will at once name the most
conspicuous member of these congressional bro
kers, who, shame to say, include in their num
bers men not heretofore suspected of such wan
ton prostitution of high position and such utter
disregard of private integrity.
It is notorious that no large appropriations.
for almost any purpose, can be carried without
employing these base instruments. They form
secret plans, address themselves to sordid in
fluenoces on the committees, and by conforming
to the wishes of others, unite interests,which
are seemingly in conflict, but suflicient power
ful to obstruct successfully any bill or scheme
which it may be their interest to resist. The
morals of the New York corporation, under the'
supervision of New York managers, are get
ting to be established rapidly.
"When members of congress will consent to
fob the money appropriated for their newspa
pers, and to sell, without much secresy, the
books voted for the benefit of their constituents,
they are pretty well prepared for anl other
step of moral degradation. The 'helIs" of
Washington, which audaciously flaunt the prin
cipal avenue, have, within the last five ywars,
produced much of this evil. They are notori
ously frequented-not occasionally, but night
ly-by men sent here to legislate for the coun
try at large, and to -.;atch t1 particular can
cerns of their own constitu ts. The indul
gence of such a passion is cos ad the losses
thus incurred must be compens d from some
source. Is it surprising, thus, t venality
has entered congress, or the legislation should
be jobbed, when these gorgeous palaces of
crime are to be supported, and when blacklegs
often swell the lobbies, boasting their power,
and, by the force of "obligations" at the faro
bank, commanding votes? The picture is not
half drawn for full justice to it in painful and
prominent facts, If the whole truth were told,
it would astound the country and open the eyes
of many a constituency."
"Well, Charley, what have you been learn
ing to-day?"'
"- "Rheumatics, gran'mal and I can tell you
such a dodge! If I was .to put you under a
glass receiver, and exhaust the air, all your
wrinkles would Come out sm&iltliia jjat'pa's
held,.
By way of negative illustration, we may re
fer to a little passage in the public history of a
distinguished southern democrat. A' Sav.n
nah paper has lately called attention to the fact,
that in 1854, ex-president Fillmore was wel
comed on his Visit to that city by its mayor in
the following speech:
"Mr. Fillmore: With unfeigned pleasure I
perform the duty assigned to me of welcoming
you to the city of Savannah. Whilst the events
which mark your administration of the govern
ment are of too recent date to be discussed
without arousing passibns. wbi~b ou this occa
sion should be hushed to rest, we must all re
meniber that those high and solemn trusts were
not assumed by you in the sunshine of our
prosperity. It was at a dark and eventful pe
riod in the history of our government, "when
the brave began to fear the power of man, and
the pious to doubt the favor of God." Dark
and fearful were the clouds that hung on our
horizon, violent the factions that agitated our
land, and men seemed to reck not how wildly
raged the storm, so that in its fury it upturned
the institutions of the south. It was your lot
to breast that storm, and bid its mutterings
cease; and to do that, you must turn away from
the crowd of flatterers, to tread the lonely path
of duty. With your robes of offices as with a
panoply of ice, you wrapt yourself from all the
prejudices of earlier years, and from all the
temptations which then surrounded you, "un
terrified by threats, unawed by clamors, you"
held on your steady course," preserved the con
stitution of your country, gave peace to the land
we love, and repose, to institutions which we
cherished, illustrating to the world that "peace
has its victories no less renowned than war."
It is fit and proper now, when you have laid
aside place, and power, and patronage, that
the affections of a grateful people should follow
you to your home, and linger 'around you in
your retirement. As the constituted authori
ties of the city of Savannah, we welcome you
within her limits, as the representatives of the
people, we welcome you to our hospitalities; as
a portion of her citizens, we welcome you to our
homes and her hearts."
And who was the mayor who bestowed this
beautiful and classical eulogy upon Mr. Fill
more and his administration? No less a per
sonage than the identical John E. Ward, who
presided over the grand political confabulation
and hocuspocus which resulted in the nomina
tioni of Mr. Fillmore's only opponent in the south
-James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. Hecould
not have bestowed a higher praise upon Mr.
Fillmore, than to say of him that he "preserv
ed the constitution of his country, gave peace
to the land we love, and repose to the institu
tions we cherish." [N. O. Delta.
THE LONDON TIMES UPON MR. CRAMPTON.
Whatever the Times undertakes to do, it does
it thoroughly. Having decided to give up Mr..
Crampton, after having defended him through
thick and thin up to the moment of his dismis.
sal, it turns upon him fiercely as the cause of
all the difficulties between the two governments,
In the following short paragraph, which we clip
out of a long article on the same subject, eve
rything which the American government alleg
ed against Mr. Crampton, is confessed to be true:
"What a picture has Mr. Crampton drawn
of himself! TWo mighty nations are on the eve
of a quarrel, perhaps of a war. Neither will
recede a step. Each confronts the other with
invincible pride, and the world trembles for the
result. A sudden thought strikes an able and
conscientious minister, "'What if we refer the
matter to arbitration?" No sooner said than
done; a despatch is written and the offer made;
but the despatch might as well have been un
written and the offer unmade, for Mr. Cramp
ton cannot take the trouble to read the des
patches through to the end. "Some he reads
and some lie skips," as they say at school, but,
unfortunately, that which he skips is the last
expedient, except his own disgrace, that re
mained from preserving two continents and two
oceans from the scourge of an internecine war.
Take another instance. We wish to recruit in
America without infringing her laws; all that
was needed was publicity, at least all that could
be done with safety or propriety, and our di
plomatist contrives matters so ill that, as it now
appears, the distribution of money for the pur
poses of enlistment is traced to his hands."
WHO STANDS THE BEST CHANcE.-The Rich -
mond Whig, taking into consideration the cir,
cumstances attending the present triangular
contest for thile presidncny, regards the follow
ing proposhions incontestable. 1. That there
is very great doubt whether either of tlrts candi
dates will be elected by the people. 2. If Fill
more were withdrawn, there might be doubt
whether Fremont or Buchanan would succeed,
though the probabilities are strong that Fr6
mont woald be the successful man. This is
clearly the conviction of the black republicans
themselves, who, wish every disposition to de
cry Fillmore, are forced to confess that lie is the
only serious abstaclcin their way. 3. If FrC
mont were withdrawn and the opposition to the
democracy united-as in that case it would be,
the slavery question being withdrawn by the
withdrawal of Frhmont-Fillmore would be
elected. 4. If Buchanan were withdrawn, Fill
more's election would be still more certain, for
he would then get tile whole vote of the soutl5h
and fully half of the north.
S"In whatever aspect these several positions
are viewed, Fillmore is seen as the national
and conservative man, independent of the sec.
tional factions, and worthy of the confidence
of the whole Inion."
A letter from Albany, (N. Y.) to the Balti
more Patriot., giving an account of Mr. Fill
more's reception in the former city, says, the
most amusing incident that transpired in con.
nection with Mr. Fillmore's temporary sojourn
in our midst, was his meeting with princeJohn
Van Buren. It took place on the platform at
the capitol, while Mr. Fillmore was shaking
hands with the immense crowd there assem
bled. The prince took his regular turn in the
crowd as they passed by the distinguished
statesman, and when he came up and took Mr.
Fillmore by the hand, a tremendous shout
went up from the multitude, Some cried out
at the top of their voices, "Give him thegrip!"
while ai robust American occupied himself by
patting John on the back and asking him to re
pent. Mr. Fillmore laughed heartily during
the entire ceramony, which lasted for some
minutes, while the prince preserved the great
est degree of dignity, and finally left the plat,
form, apparently well satisfied that he had
strayed into the wrong crowd.
A curfbus trial took place recently at a the,
nish tribunal, Germany. A man possessed
some nut trees, of which the branches hung over
the ground of a neighbor, who picked up the
ripe nuts that fell from the tree, and also broke
somebranches, For this the latter was pro,
scdted for. theft and trespaas,s but acquitted,
on the grouind that he was entitled to profit by
fruit growing over h own property, Appeal
was made from this decision, ana the judgment
reversed by the superior tribunal, because the
principles of civil law ordain that all fruit and
branches belong to the stem, and the ste to
him upon whose ground it is planted, and thpt
the right of property of the latter does not$eali
with the extension over neighbor's g ai, E
patter how far this egtepSieon, T
w;4 consequently eondapiga of4 o t

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