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Semi-weekly Louisianian. (New Orleans, La.) 1871-1872, July 16, 1871, Image 2

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_. G. -IOWN, E itor sd b istr. "
Pub 1r&
(in. G. UIOWN Editor cad Pubisher.
P. B.8. PINCHSACK, Manager. miu
Iei
OUR A(ENTS.
ae
MIYxISSPPIT :-- Daniel E. tng.
Greenville.
LOLISIANA :- John A.  shingtoa. ee
Black- awk, Coaourdia Parwih; Hon. G. ve
Y. Kelso, Alezandrui; Aatone Sternrtt. vol
Shreveport, A. (3. rthb Cerroll Parish.
DISTttlCk OF COLUMBIA :---Jaune
A. D.Greao. Washington City. '
ILINtDIL :--Lewis B. White, Clica; o a
iTE UCKY:--pr. R.. 4. Greed, Louis.- O
.villt. the
i1mi
lie
.o tR CHOICE FOR PRESIDEBT, 1872:
UI S. GRANT.
SUNDAY JULY 16 1871, w
ha
MX. GEo. P. Pamn is our special e
.agent, and is authorizsd to solicit it
subscriptions and receive payment a
of bills. t
THE COMMII1TEEk: AND ITS a
DUTIES. Ii
n
The State Central Committee is theh
legitimate political head of our par
ty. This in so self-evident and unde- n
Hiied that to gravely and ponderous- P
ly affirm it appears to us entirely
superfluous. Senator Pinchbak
took this position even when moving
the adoption of the resolution on
this subjeot in thereeentPress Con
vention. Bat S6nator Pinebback
did more than recognize the State I
Ccntral Commitee as legitimate po
litical managers-he reserved the
right to criticise tl eir actions
whenever they overstepped the
bounds of their proper sphere of
duties. This is what we now pro
pose to do.
Thedtate Central Committee pas
ted resolutions some time ago ap
pointing, first---a Congressional
Committee for each Congressional
Districtaiseond-a judicial commit
tee for'each Senatorial district.
Were we on the eve of an election
for Congressmen, Judges and Sen
ators, and the Central Committee
posse sed a longer lease of life th:n
has so far -been granted it, perhaps
this aetiomn ould be open to little 1
unfavorable eomment But under
existing circumstances, with no com
mon enemy to confront with noth
ing before us but a party contest
in which.ihe Committee should re
ma:n scrupuuly neutral, their ac
tion is Su*tibl of but one defi
nition, viu: that no extraordinary
stretch ob tliir authbrity will deter
them from perpetiating themselves
in powt.t
It is ~~oeasure to exercise ourt
right of criticism thu. We would
at all tinmes rntlher praise than cen
pure any and all of our Republicac n
brethrern. But when we ree a body
of pan in whom the people have
trustipgly reposed authority, step-l
.ping.aside from their legitimate du
ty of oonducting ecampaigns against
.our politicalfee to lead in, if not
ila~g ,rate, int r.al party diseen
ions, we feel it becomes our solemn
duty to raise a warning voice.
The great mass of Louisiana Re
. $FM. 9i1 nob. mibsit to be
tricked, br dictated to, by any
muesarwial.,t see,. bJy fully
compreh1od what is right and fair;
.sadlpaty lades mawt benaceforth
Spreserve themmlve faom yevs the
Ssuspicion of chiea ery,'b r sufer the
Jous of all resp~+t and coaudeno.
We sincerely trust tha no further
cause will be given to denounce the
rae ofjthe "political tad of our
arty."
cans of Lojsiana wat peace.
There is b'l ua~wi- y to secure it
:ilhakshmshief issel -e( all
kinds at homae--glve them no public
daties whatever to perform. Whenu
tai ~fieii g an lepuod "l4 herw
they betiaya l taidbleC @ oi
sterling jS- I5adgeflanneb me
ne taties i y gae wh
you k1mb.1 advanee
,WV ,aoZ' "Lr .., harV
Ire o geranlly odor0. mei
S oaigtrat on, bow the
The li n lid deteaons e oo cl
lhmezat to particular individuals
.)at was an expreaston of confidence per
n those as a body who wield ao- be
hAiority by vir.ne of our gloriiu tri- I en
Su:nphs at tLe ballot box. Our ee- aid
mies are not asleep and such blun- buf
iers give them encouragement. ne
We are gl, 4 that the Hon. J. ele
aenr, Burch had the reeo;ution ma
endorsing the State Administration
clearly exp!ained to the Press Con
vention before it was put to the
vote and lost. The understanding
was distinct that it comprehended
G&v. WarnPth, Lienut. Gov. Dunn, fac
S,eaker Ca.ter and all other State ti
officials. Bat for this explau.ntion Li
the rejection of the resolution th4
might have been construed to signi- of
fy personal antipathies; and we be- wi
licyp that it is conceded by all but so
a factious few, that individual sn
tagonism mnst positively be buried
until the trumpet sounds the re- e
eille in 1872
GENERAL GRANT. fa
The Republican party took up jol
General Grant pretty much in the de
way-that a man buys a "pig in the pr
bag." He was in favor of tie Union, en
had beaten its bitterest and ablest Ie
1 enemies on the field of battle, and 1 %
it it wasthou Lt wise 'o trust a Union ta
t soldier instead of throwing a mili- to
tary victory into the hands of politi- ol
cal enemies, such as Fr.nk Blair. si
It may be we could have won with a,
no one else, it may be that in tgeI
heat of patriotism we could have l{
won with "King Log." These are
not subjects of consid3ration at c,
present The simple fact i3 we did il
wise, and another fact is, that the n
man we won with,houestly accepted tl
the situation. i
He at first tried his "private p
n an's cabinet,' it is true, but when d
he saw his mistake he readily and i
t willingly corrected it, and in power- i
ful contrast against "his policy," he j
he said he had "no policy to enforce 1
eagainst the will of the people."
e On this account we stand forth as
of his champion now as we have ever
done befcre.
We did not know, when he was h
nominated, whether he wanted the
old Union as it was, or the Union d
as it now is. We did not know a
al whether his idea of American citi- c
zenship embraced the negro or not; c
t but trusting to the honest instincts !
of the masses of our party we gave c
n our confidence and support to Gen
eral Grant, and, we are happy to t
n sy, we have not been deceived.
One of his earliest acts was to ap
' point Mr. E. D. Basratt,a colored i
man, minister to Hayti; still anoth
er r was to give the Post Office at Ma- ,
h- con, Ga. to Rev. H. M. Turner, and i
later still Mr. Edwin Belcher, Mr. ,
et Jame T. Rapier, and others, re
e- ceived the sappointments of asses
& sorn of internal revenue in their re
fi- spective States. Our own State
sr Ipeaks for herself as to the disposi
ter tion o pat rrnage towards our race.
We have many of our color in im
portant positions under Federal pa
ai ..ronage, who are honoring general
d Grant by their conduct as much as
en- he honored them in the appoint
ment
lun view , f this simple recital of
ve facts where is there room for a
" democrat to lay the flatterring unc
n- tion to his soul that colerod men
at can be enticed from the support of
)t General Grant ?
n- It we turn from the colored as
n peet of this question, which we as
a colored organ feel bound always
e- to keep iu riew, to the general bear
be ing of our leader's conduct, we lee
y he has merited the confidence of all
I sections of our party, as well as that
i of all fair-minded nmea among the
Soppositio, by his untiring devotion
to his olCsidoties, and by the ima
Spartiality :with which he has dis
ac peased hi- patrae among the
her elfaient aeitasts of the different
the depei-tmdt even though some of
our thm be d(ee
f We indale in no higimouadiag
bhr maieal debt~ - peotl would
ae. haisuabiwto bhmanse!a wythSr
p it *3rhaiitad rrwey pmsii-st;
all the 3aMoi the Pacik Railroad
die thmgsh iac splimbed under hi ad
hen mi itastin was done by the ester
ole- pnerisof thep ald;d ths io
ar qiuestin of L the.tats ~murhst.I
iof taken plae* both by 4be mp'p Op
SW- prtuniLty mad thae wbbes .ama's
va, ceasity; bat wht w ihtat ~sp 6en
3m e 'rai to .pr o.uAdnee a..a
Wor a-i-s, jst, tha he s.ea m, o ,.
me a and 4a t and i
thc e weldp Ti
al.e.eeas a fae
S al o asts- spl
bri
We predict, that all that hetsap- ma
pened in the way of mistake, or it may
be of settled purpoe underthe ied
erhip o, General Gliat will not only
aid in securing him a renomination;
but it will unite the people in the
next presidential campaign to re- ve
elect to his high position the silent
man in the "White House." >
THE PRESS CONVENTION.
We hailed with unfeigned satis- P
faction the call for a State Conven- a
tion of the Republican Press of a
L misiana, because we thought re
there were many conflicting claims re
- of interest in our noble profession
which might be adjusted by the as
sembled leaders of the Press to the re
- satisfaction of all concerned; but c
we have been disappointed in our
expectations. t
he Convention which .met in p
M1c.hanis Institute on Wednesday L
famed on the start in its avowed ob- a
jet. Its avowed object was to secure ft
p journalistic harmony, editorial in
e dependence, and typographical im- a
e provement. These three objects, a
i, embracing domains of thought, ex- 2
it perience and discipline sufficiently a
SI lrge and amply fertile to have
n taxed the wisdom of the wisest, and b
i- to have tested the experience, of the
i- oldest, among us were utterly lost t
r. sight of, and pt r .onalities, politics, I
h an 1 loquacity reigned in their stead
e We fully understand that the si- I
re lent knights of the quill will some r
*e times try to make up on special oc- a
it casions for what they lose in gener- I
idal opportunity in the way of speech
Ic making, We fully sympathize with I
- those whom contracts have tlhrowl
into onr profession who are coin
e pelled to atone by s eeelhes for their 1
in deficieeny in the use of the pen. We
make due allowonme for the "ldac
jr ing' of political position with jour
e nalistic ability, we understand the
e laws, the rules and the necessity of
,, contracts but, we are still unable to
see the point of connection between
er a grind anal, noble profession an1
individual aspirants f r political
honors.
te Why the governor should be tn
n dorsed or denounced, why the anti
w admimnistration party should succcd
ti- or be defeated in a newspaper press
t; , convention, why political resolutions
Asthould monololize the time that
;ye ought to have been given toprofes
in- sional deliberations we are unable
to! to understand.
We once before appealed to our
pi- country brethren in regard to wast
ed ing their strength over Egyptian;
h- pyramids which thoy cau neither
[a- shoulder nor cijmb, and we appe.l
nd to them again to aid in calling a
Ir. convention which will help to guide
re- the republican press into the path
es- way of party agreement, local and
re- general efliciency, and above all to
ate a standpoint of political iLde
e. The late convention was remark
m- able for two thinne, viz: for what it
pa- did, and for what it left undone.
It did the unprecedented thing
Sof wasting the time which ought
to have been given to considerations
which affect our profession, such as
a better understanding with typoes,.
a better system of advertising, the
c- establishment of better rules in re
en gard to subseribers and better un
f d. rstanding about quoted articles,
a fuller recognition of all engaged
- on the press, a h.tgerrpresentation
Sof Southern newspaper interests in
ys the national and other typographi
'cal uamios and last but not lemt. the
a relationship between the colosed
and white members o the Press,
t and printing offes in both typo
graphical sio and conventionms
on It gave it time to eqahMe, porti
d.n ·daesey and the ge~e~mlrssh
Sing of dirty lines.
ent May we not hope that the s
of graceful scenese of Wednedal y and
Thursday night winll have taught tane
j. press of this State a lemon .
the Ours is a profeession that .livoke
mid all the virtu es cosesrted by the
huerrd-ntage
Lr And theW virtan will rh Il
ond on urli- e if th:y ab liftsd
ad- wi~sstainless iuappcth toan in
- we. den bsmssQr wrm iota
u* ti st mtb-hStts* reI auth.
o* Natimaluialistrat ioall dIasi.
1, w~alol~u. l Se weL dsp m
mnay get i t
PROCEEDIN OF THE me
REPUBLICAN PRESS CON- !
SVENTION .. o
Pursuant to adjournment the Con- n
vention met on hrday, July 13,
at noon, Mr. I. F. Smith, presid
tug.
Thirty-seven rmge tatives an
swered o their names. E
Mr. Burch rose to a, guestion of
privilege, and drew the attention of
the Convention to an article which m
appeared in the morning Bcpulaia, a
and desired that theSecretary should
read the article. The article was
read. Cc
Speches were made by several
gentlemen on this irrelevant topic,
resulting in eliciting from Speaker it
Carter this important tact, that he
would not consent to giving a con
tract to print the laws to any news
Spaper that would oppose or condemn
SLieutenant-Governor Dann or him
- self, or that would commend or de
Sfend Governor Warmoth.
S This over, the Convention pro- a
- ceeded to permanent organisation. u
, Messrs. Pinchbeck, Ingraham and
Blackburn were put up, and the
9 nominations closed.
e The Convention resolved to elect
by ballot, and by a majority vote.
SOn the first bea'lot, there was a
tie vote, Mr. Pinchbeck 19, Mr.
Ingraham 19. 1,
d resh ballot ordered. Mr. Black-I
i- burn, who was not present when his
e name was offered, rose and made
some remarks, and begged to havet
r- his name withdrawn, throwing a
1- mild rcbhke to the gentleman who
1 put hi::. I, :nomination and then
, sa£cl t-. : -'in him by his vote.
- O the becond ballot, Mr. Ingra
ir ham received 20 and Mr. Pinck- 1
~r
e back 18 votes.
c- On motion of Mr. Pinchbaek,i
Mr. Ingraham's election was made
re
of unanimous.
Thile neiy elected Presidlent was,
on motion duly carr:Tied, escorted to
his seat by a committee of three.
Mr. Emer.son Bentley was unanu
mously electkd Secretary of the Co:
Sention.
S A vote of tLhanks was passed to
i te retiring officers for their etli k.:t.
discharge of their duties, in tCie
u temporary organization.
at After some desultory discussion,
a motion was adopted that the chair
eI appoint a committee of tive on re::
lutions, to report at the next sessio:.
of the Convention.
r The chair appointed Messrs. Geo.
W. Carter, Chairman; Leet, O'Hara,
SMeriill and Francis.
er The Convention then adjourned
to seven P. M.
de EVENING 8EMSION.
1. The Convention met at 8 P. M.
ad Thirty-four representatives present
to The chair announced a commnmi
le- cation from tLe editors of the Jef
ferson ,qbelditk, seeking for repre
sentation in the Convention. The
it letter was laid on the table.
The Harrisonburg I,,depe.dent
ng also sought recognition in the per
son of its proxy, Mr A. W. Faulk
ner. Represcntation granted.
g The Committee on Resolutions
made the followingereport:
To the Honorable President and
members of the Press Conven
re- tion:
m- The committee on resolutions
es, respectfully submit the following
a resolutions for the consideration
and action of .the Convention, and
on recommend the adopton of the
• CHAS. E. MERRILL.
pom- R'eioed, We reeognisz the high
a. mistion of the Republiea presa of
rti- .1the Mtate of Louisiana to be the
the f rtheranqa of good feeling
among the peIole frmespeetive of
mt advocacy of RpubAicSU primeiple.,
te as eintained ini thie iaional and
ker cage and New Qrieana.
lioe, that k-as.tm Gra.t mprovd
himsin: :o Lb as homea serva ;
ba- been .ithf lteohe hId e made
heas as t qhweatsph
Mad to
'a a a a
Opv*; a of the
right direety to oiorpi c ess wLo I
coeet the tas of the tate; at uch a
mcadlseti of the election. ý -.traaton
easiliary -aws thereto as w prevt riT
frauds by the ocmrere who adaniister t.
at
Ilt SPrtiL ii 8PIN tm ? '. E. tb
.. .... *yJoui.sn@ a
Earros Lotaauxra: is
I was greatly pleased- ith the as
firMt issue of your paper, and those w
imr.ediatel following it, and would d,
at once have: signied the iaas'ta l ri
you; but having hld, as you are I
aware, considerable experience with re
colored men's newspapers, ed c
knowing so well their proclivity to p
"run we1l f4r a while," I deemed a
r it a little advisable to await future n
developments. Sinoe then I have n
carefully csanned the sooasesive p
quimnet of the Lovnuxwu as they y
came to hand, and have been more
- and more pleased with the combin
ation of journalistic ability, political
sagacity and good common sense- i
a very rare quality-which evince
tLhmseives in its columns. In these
respects, it seems to me that the
e LoriXt.nux compares favorably with
the best specimens of colored meu's
Sjournalism that have made their
experience in this country. It a
a seems to me, too, that there is a
r special field for the LomstauIA to
occupiy,-a secial work for it to do,
-land, therefore a special and mani
is fest reason for its existenoe. Upon
ei the colored voters of the South rests
e f to a great extent the burden and
a responsibility of perpetuating the
a wors accomplished by the great
n Republicanu party during the last
decade, and of seeing to it thalt "de I
RepubLe receives no detriment" by
having its fundamental principles
interpreted into "glittering general
, ties." Their political education is
le Ibut begun, and there is a special
necessity and propriety in its being,
to a large extent, carried forward by
I instrumentaLties originating among
themselves, and managed and con
trolled by the intelligent men of
their own race. As one of such in
s.tranuunital.ie, so co.-trolledt a:nd
to direced, I predict and h. pi for
::t your journai a long and useful ce.
e I isi·enr c.
rTHE Or'T'BLU CONVkNTION.
. I lirc.ume a few items of news I
r firom our state wil not be unmccept
Stbe to yourself or your reader',
a: n will use the remainder of my
,shet in a little localizing. The c.ll
o I for a Soutaern States Covention to
" :nmeet in Co!annbia, S. C. in October
a u. a'tract'd sonic little attention,
°I and I think it saf to predict that
onur state will be represented by
delegates. I notice that one of our
local papers states the object of the
convention to be to enable the col
i ored roters "to form a political
party of their own." Ido not believe
any sensible co'l rd men ihave any
e such object, and if uceh a purpose I
calls the mconvention into being, I
think it would be policy and good
sense to knock the latter into pi, or
k- send it to the "demnition bow
wows.
ins rFoUTa or jrtr.
The colored population monopo
n lized "all and kiinguar' the Iptriot
n- ism inspired by the advent of In
dependence. The democratic jour
S11nal of our city "celebrated" the day
Sby publisfhing a leader to prove that
ad the reasons that once exristed for
he observing the day wtre no loygr
applicable--the constitution was
a busted up like a worn-out cider
barrel, the bird of liberty pluked
and picked like a thankliving tar
key, and the star sangu d bmaner
Sripped andipit like a bad little boy's
the wo 'ev ery ry'O5n ea, sad
nd I suppose lhat paper zhammsmted
ng th. riesra of a lmre alubber of
of dcitieas f ,on the feetaldav I aw
three saniplel ot the aforessid
at thle 6totd eeletbstioa--vis: one
i- on the Stae Houes e atm the
U. S. smb and cm. at th . Na
Stiom Ocemdemy. Qeite a smmb~r
t; of prominent whit citiaeusattamds d
the eodwmd,asn's elat d
toa Lthink thbit Jqbu& Ams. Tho
Jeasf.r &ega rubama, - chas.
Rephizs. a4 £Elduidgs Gerry hiad
sb ia tetiu et on that ay.
EL. wouid i've, ddme ** same
I w 'ima4tegt~ awkaeesta
wi. e as w a ais ueas
Spa
in r
S ;. kCiti- 01
sems on foot, on horse and in esri at
riages. Tbhe pmeession especially `
the societies, preaented a fine ap- i
p nrshae,'gnd attracted general at- i
tention asit paraded the principal gc
streets of the City. From the eitq w
the process .on ended its way to a
suburb known as the'Rapley House'
-a military station during "the to
late unpleasantnem" with themound di
and trenehes still in existence-- T
where a stand was erected and the i
day spent in oratory, sporta of v.r tl
rious kinds, and feasting. The p
Declaration of Independence' was
read by Lloyd G. Wheeler Esq., ouro
County Attorney; the Emancipation o
Proclamation by Miss Bettie Lee, bi
and the 15th Amendment, Miss An- P
nie E. Rector. Addresses were
made by the Rey. H. White, T.
P. Johnson, Jerome Lewis, Esq., ti
your correspondent and others. p
PROeaIL A`D GENUAL dc
The A. M. E. (Bethel) Church, a
under charge of Rev. John T. Jan-I si
ifer, has laid the fouadatian of a
fine 45x80 brick church, the corner
stone of which will be laid before
long with masonic ceremonies. Mr.
Janifer has been in our City lees
than a year, but has already done u
a good work among the people and "
enden ed himself to sall. I is ai
valuable aeeession to our communi- e
ty. At present he is absent inCini
cinnati, to which point he repaired c
for the laudable purpose of procur r
iog as a companion for life, Miss
Alice V. Carter, a teacher in Gaines' c
High School of that City, and an c
.amiable, accomplished and intelli- c
gent lady. See will be welcomed to
our midst, and will find ample room
for the employment of her superior s
talents. A Lodge of Freemasons I
has been in existence among the
colored men since 1868; but most
of the time it has been almost "in
silence." Within the last year it
has, however, waked up--doubled I
its memberships-procured furni
ture, implements, etc., and is now
in a flourishing condition.
The congregation of the colored
3M. E. Church, Rev. A. G. Gratton
r is abo pre;arip,: to erect a fine
commdlionus brick e.ifice. A mnet
ing to inaugurate the enterprize I
w::s held ii the Church on lIst
S:bba:th, at which $3020 was sub
s cr-ibed in about an hour. Is'n.:
shat pretty good for Tc&kenu-+ack? s
Resaectfuly,
YB.rvon Mero.
Little Roe"l, Ark., JeB'y 10,o1871.
Ar AIS OF MR. ISIAll IITCH E,
, .T THE tLO.:E oF THli SICHXL AT ED-i
it WAlD'S DEPOT, XMIISSIPPL
ri For this exhibition I must, with
you return thanks to Him, who is
- the F:tther, Presvever, and kind
benefactor, of us all. The pritileges
Sof this hour, have been coming
re dlown to us, for the last two hun
dred and fifty years, and have cost
unntold billios of nmoney and mil
Slions of precious lives. Simes the
conuaencement of the enalivement
od . vur race by one Alonzo Gouzales,
r inu 1492,, the different civilized
a uationwi of the carta have in turn
deprived us of our freedom and
redtuced us to an ignominous race
of ~slaves. But whatis trueof un
,- to-day in this r.spect has in turn
. Ibeen true of all other races of men
since the world began, aud, as they
parve successively m:,rched from
r- chains aid slavery and taken their
iY places beside the mtte powerful and
at :ivilized races, so most wea To-day
or finds as in the long march that
er develolps a race. cuat loose and at the
Arst round in the ladder of fame; to
" saend its steep and rug-ed heights
n- ji order that we may ply our part
ad I the druaa of afutare eivilization,
- and it possible exhibit to the world
a higher ehristian cldevlopment than
it has yet seen.
SThis Mems to be the eMle
ad that. God, im sis prouidne, has I
sd marked out for u, and he will hokl
05 aeanntable for the folsimeat of
his deere. It took taour headred
ym oer f kat rsy to pbupus the
id lannre of Isret lo theis high
ue mndinaj dlmtham re leo thie
me to develop the Anglo-Baron rae
e from a state of the meett hjs tb
6.r t6 the toreasoCak S t-Y t
ed aeud O d ote, a lioe t tmr hom
m bly to he ampSd ,il thi1.t
rod, -m :..-. 'a&om
I ,i .,ljia "'"a - ag
lifi to develop therm, it i .enr l
penisiable dui to n aMqq
mea~,d s l p upI all
rnesoure Wi ot r*ach ta
velop us into liWe W
are same of pl.e Apoet' l
upon by otler n ib in or
attain this higher lire? Somne
"wealth is power," and get weaJl;.
So it is power; but wealth alone i,
injurious to a nation. Sloain P1, n
dered the MUntezumas fr gold; .,.
got it, and staggering uad.r iti
weight, to-day lshe is the lost in.
significant of all the poJwenr
Europe.
WEALTr WITUOUTJ A CULT.VTED At
to direct it, is a Nation's meatn f,
destruetion. This has been most
wofully exemplified in the South.
Twelve hundred millions of dulLkr
in slave property, controlltd by
three or four hundred thousani;
property holders that they might
obtain power, plunged the natijn
into a five year's war at a cost of
over a million ot lives and almost,
on the part of the Government, fogr
billions of dollars. "A dear deal tr
power." Now, my fiiends, witfout
going into the justness or unjust.
ness of the Ltte war, without fae.n
ing it upon this section of tl. extn.
try or upon that, this party or that
party, it is enough for us to, kno',
that the results of the war hae
changed our condition, and placl
upon tqs new and iacreasing repon-.
sibties; responsibihties that must
be met, and in order to meet thema
the
DUTY OF To R HOUR Im To EyUCAyr.
Freedom is something more than
to be able to go here and there; to
work when we please and let it alone
when we please; to lie down when
we want to, and get up just whense
feel like it. It is to fight the bat
tie of life; which is red and earn.
est. It is to use all the G(l-~ivli
means we po.ssess, to ,htvel.,p mn.
cle and brain, and to diffuse a new
life into four m;llionus of our
race whose degradation is the ru'
suit of two hundred and fifty years
of ' th most abject servitude tlhat
'comuLd crop out of the nucntrenth
century. It is to raise this d~g: -
(led mass of humanity into a hi-h.
er moral life: to foster this n.w
born American-African babe in the
sunlight of our civilization, and to
make of it a mighty ginut in this
our Western world.
These are some o' the many re
sponsibilities which freedom brings
with it and whic we muat mhet.
. Not to moet them is to Lapse bsuk
iuto degradation more unnrleutiig
far than the one fr ?n which wi
Shave just emergel. This mut u -t
and cannot be sti, I of us if e:ach wul
but do his duty. In the likht
I of the past, amid all the nuu.v
disadvrnta-.'Os with which w,, h-v,
haul to co.rntiWl, we have alv:uril
more rapid'y anl ,h e i a- nuphh
1ed nm re than :.ny ,thr r..le : ,no
larly stau te. in n ito h:itr
t My friends, lt mu,' just sIv tio
:vihile in this stri:in, f,,r ,our 
t.o:irngeuentlt, thUat 'ur rare, 'c uI
jL ld wihat no other r1t:,c Cuthl.
ed while in a state of si :vt r.. i.':
W~% eu t: thtUder storWa of t:'
/'ricch l.evolutiuon urttI , e t'l:
is!i..D ,!V ST. IMi:..
in 178h, tiy" dr,-e N.y, 'c. '.sr t
trool froim the IsX u !1, .:It ihe a
the Eaguli.:i, hlth S ,.pn.,;h .u
der 1tiucr feet, tore the Iet trsi tinmI
bound them from their mli,s aii
established a "Rlei,ubiic' wiuic",
htands to-day as a nmtJutuinent If
of the most remuurkable meni of the
• last centary, Tvussoid L'euvrrrt.
To educ;te then, as I stid, i. tie
Sduty of the hour. Now by CliuC
tion, I not only imeh that which
t is ou"tained by the study If ioiok,
but that which comen ,.so fr,
pr4c.tci lile; a kow; ig.' of thie
n meeharu c arta, of azriculture and ,
the domwesic dut:es of tihe boun
h lold.
ion roue yxU E r MUST LEuI:S ~ .'t\
I aInd not alw.ys be content in idle
t noes; ij flling those avr,-tios in
.t life t develop nIo stren~h "
ma' md. stabihty of chaincter, 'D
n tiue oe hand, and tlhat |kuk to d
soiunto and permcious hbI'i:s on thie
r other, We must teai. tu workro
ir sciont:tic principles; learn to kit'
d how to plsnt, how to cultivate n.
y how to reap. It is a fact, r.epWrt
t that for the want oflaklied Labors
e the 8tate of Ljuisiana, tw. fiftle
o all the sugar raisal in th.Lt STLl'
a thrown aw,,y in onsequcnce
rt imperfect method of extr. rcti'g'
h, dharine matterfrom tlhemt.n, i
Ir\ a, a Isah r o w ste s is 9.
n j .di tha State; only two m nchinl4
are cleaning it. Now wharl~t s
tree of the culture of sugar aUd ria,
t and other poducts. T come&r$
I is ·dso trTe of the culte'e of l"t
of Yort recommnended not ij.gwnai
d to the South for remed.vig th
e lvs, but to
r tnt a .lred, here, and byw'"
tiO ng addig'nore real wealth to tJ"
- toioth Uthan wouald thoura ,ds
- i ,tb rupon our sb.3
" is ril flint tU iuvakrl.
SArkwright, more than thei
* We.liugtoa, conquer4 NSPAiI i
me" aid Nepohetn, at StA
"not by her armiunes but by
r, "It is the nperierW
am dr the tnaUe of the PrV,
* tbat drove Nap l-on the
Wii.the throae otthra 'd ie
amy other portion of oar .
c neess a thorough training i
of L dU sinme t adc
uwe edl t hdm i m
w.A, .

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