"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
SooIT ME ?. NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1872. NUMBER 16.
ThiN'.lsy/ 1a'j S(11(y1 .
t ', (.l'ooNDELET HrRErT,
NR.w O,:LEANs LL.
1 AT(II\E, C'1A'
V:t V KELto, RIioitt
Hitt (, BROW\,---Editor.
r Taxý2 ,y t" n1I:enwr'toY: !!1
. "'F . . . $3.0$
.. 3. ... : 00
n i. I i.
1. h .r to establlish another
'urnil in New Orleans,
r: of the l1r['stANLI.N,
. a ne1-c ity which has
,. i ometim«', painfully
r In the transition state
11 in their struggling efforts
ti:.it 1t"lition in tLe Body
wii hirh w' c"neeive t(, be their
r" g: r:lrl that much infor
- gii.Lt.iii encouragement,
:1.1 r, jrmf lave been lost, in
the lack of a medium,
_ is ((1.h t!e, n, dcficien ies might
i :. 1. W1e "shall strive to make
2 1-2 ItaI dtsk tvl':n in these
rmotto intlicates. tL1 Lou
"",1bl ol he r'' Rnylarn «eal
to the security and enji y
vr-i..l"i ii liberty, th; al'wo
e,".ah ti o tf rlnn before the law,
* u 2 'irn 1 .i: ribution o` hon
.1 j.:2¶':.i % to all w11:) merit
: alayng nitmitesof
.12 tie memory of th bitter
I 2 tin;;g hlarlony and union
- e " , :nli betw.,en all in
ha . .ll adlvoeate the r-nioval
.! 1i-lba ilities , f"..t."r kind
"rh"":ranuc,. wthcre nru dignity
. 1:11 It r. irriet. anti c-k for
21 i tivet' wl: ,re u oing and
1r. %tilt 1. This united in
,!I bj,"its, wc sha'' consecrve
r1 -tý, (liyit- I ur noble
i x;.iial. h.eiI:i. among
lid" s the d -si. tpnment
* .21 i.. Isonimr a, a'id . ctre
it the Lm114ihty c:1Lnges
V :1141 ctntt iti. 'a 'f the
i t~ ('..ultry.
ti tieir cn he lit1 true
t thite supremevy of law,
-trit anl undtiserimi
..:i-.tri.tion t.f justice.
* 'io.sit tee dttetrin; of iii
12 ol'itf taxation among
.eihfnl euilleetion of the
* rev in the e'.peudi- c
2.2ni:Ily with the exigen
('tir Cuntry and the
evers ligitimate obtliga- I
-1 ii the carrying out of
.t i the act establishing
'hool system, anti urge
tnt itity tihe elucation of c
vi' liv connected with
.tl. lt-nmnt, and the seen
tv tof a Republican
tero tulay, independent,
thiiit, we shall strive
air i.:iir, from an ephem- A
1 liptiti ry existenec, and
u p n a hiL i s,e th a t i f w e ]
m a." we shall at al
LT YRICII, a
"W Orlkans Louiajens. I
A WINTER SONG.
BY SUSAN COOUIDE~i.
Wh,"re does the Winter hide away ?
My Darling asked, her eyes of blue
Fixed upon mine. "Where does he stay
All the long Spring and Summer
How can he keep his i"e and snow
From getting melted in the sun?
I'm very glad he does, you know,
There wouldn't be a bit of fun
Without them. But I want to hear
Just how he does it. Let me sit
Upon your lap. Now, Auntie. deal,
Tell me about it-every bit."
So then I told my pet this tale:
When days grow warm and blue birds
Old Winter tremhkIis; he turns pale,
And hurries to the mountains high.
There in a cave concealed he lies.
And, ogre-like. he tries to thing
His net, with sudden, swift surprise,
Over the pretty, pa.sing Spring.
r Sometimes her garment's airy flow
lie clutches in his fingers grim.
But she is nimbler than her foe,
And laughs and meeks. escaping him.
And flies. Tunn Summer, with a leap.
Bounds forward. Her he dare not flout:
So rolls him up in clouds to sleep,
s Nor ever ventures to peep out,
V Until, her brief and ardent reign
r Over, with vine-wreaths garlanded,
And hands heaped high with golden grain,
The gentle Autumn comes instead.
And then, sh! then, he laughs aloud
A cruel laugh and full of glee:
And, tossing off the covering cloud.
t He rises for all men to see.
e First o'er the mountain', topmost peak
e His snowy forehead comes in sight,
And then his eyebrows, wild and bleak,
And then his eyes of flashing light.
And step by step adown the hill
He moves, toward the abodes of mrnn:
1 The Autumn falters, pale and chill,
e Is seized, is fettered in his den.
The flowers grow pale and droop and die;
The woods shake off their leaves for fear:
The butterflies and birds all fly;
And silence settles on the year.
Are you not sorry when they go ?
t Why do you laugh and shake your lead?
Why do you love the winter so?
-'Cause I make snow-balls," Darling
r Oh! philosophic eyes of blue.
Would that some older eyes I know
Cnould learn your secret - find, like you.
Sunshine in cloud and joy in snow!
THE FINE ART OF SMILING.
Some theatrical ,experiments are
being made at this time to show that
all possible emotions and all shades
and gradations of emotion can be
expressed by facial action, and that
the method of so expressing them
can be reduced to a system, and
taught in a given number of lessons.
It secias a matter of question
whether one would be more likely
to make love or evince sorrow any
more successfully by keeping in
mind all the while the detailed
catalogue of his flexors and exten
sors, and contracting and relaxing
No. 1, 2, or 3, according to the rule.
The human memory is a treacher
ous thing, and what an enormous
disaster would result from a very
slight forgetfulness in such a nicely
adjusted system ! The fatal effect
of dropping the superior maxillary
when one intended to drop to in
ferior,'or of applying nervous sti
muli to the up track, instead of the
down, cab easily be conceived. Art
is art, alter all, be it ever so skillful
and triumphant, and science is only
a slow reading of hieroglyphis.
Nature sets high and serene above
both, and smiles compassionately
on their efforts to imitate and un
derstand. And this brings us to
what we have to say about smiling.
Do many people realize what a
wonderful thing it is that each
human being is born into the world
with his own smile ? Eyes, nose,
mouth may be merely average com
mon-place features ; may loo~k,
taken singly, very much like any
body else's eyes, nose, or mouth.
Let whoever doubts this try the
simple but endlessly amousing ex
periment of setting half a dozen
people behind a perforated curtain,
and making them put their eyes at
the holes. Not one eye ia a hun
dred can be recognized, not even by
most familiar and loving friends.
But study smiles; observe, even in
Sthe most casual way, the variety one
sees in a day, and it will soon be
felt what subtle revelation they
make, what infinite individuality
The purely natural smile, how
ever, is seldom seen in adults; and
it is on this point that we wish to
dwell. Very early in life people
find out that a smile is a weapon,
mighty to avail in all sorts of crises.
Hence, we see the treacherous smile
of the wily; the patronizing smile
of the pompous; the obsequious
smile of the flatterer; the cynical
smile of the satirist. Very few of
these have heard of Delsarte; but
they outdo him on his own grounds.
Their smile is four-fifths of their
social stock in trade. All such
smiles are hideous. The gloomiest,
blankest look which a human face
can wear is welcomer than a trained
smile, or a smile which, if it is not
actually and consciously methodized
by its perpetrator, has become, by
long repitition, so associated with
tricks and falsities that it partakes
of their quality.
What, then, is the fine art of
If smiles may not be used for
weapons or masks, of what use are
they? That is the shape one would
think the question took in most
men's minds, if we may judge by
their behavior! There are but two
legitimate purposes of the smile;
but two honest smiles. On all little
children's faces such smiles are seen.
Woe to us that we so soon waite
and lose them!
The first use of a smile is to ex
press affectionate good-will. The
second, to express mirth.
Why do we not always smile
whenever we meet the eye of a fel
low-being? That is the true, in
tended recognition which ought to
pass from soul to soul constantly.
Little children, in simple communi
ties, do this involuntarily, unconsci
ously. The honest-hearted German
peasant does it. It is like magical
sunlight all through that simple
land, the perpetual greeting on the
right hand and on the left, between
strangers, as they pass by each
other, never without a smile. This,
then, is "the fine art of smiling;'
like all fine art, true art, perfection
of art, the simplest following of
Now and then one sees a face
which has kept its smile pure and
undefield. It is a woman's face
usually; often a face which has traces
of great sorrow all over it, till the
smile breaks. Such a smile trans
figures; such a smile, if the artful
but knew it, is the greatest ' eapon
a face can have. Sickness and age
cannot turn its edge; hostility and 1
distrust cannot withstand its spell;
little children know it, and smile
back; even dumb animals come
closer and look up for another.
If we were asked to sum up in
one single rule what would most
conduce to beauty in the human
face, we should say, "Never tamper
with your smile; never once use it
for a purpose. Let it be on your
face like the reflection of the sun
light' on a lake. But, unlike the
sunlight, your good-will must be
perpetual: and your face never be
" What, smile perpetually ?" asks
the realist. "How silly! "
Yes, smile perpetually ! Go to
Delsarte here, and learn even from
the mechanician of smiles that a
smile can be indicated by a move
ment of muscles so slight that nei
ther instruments nor terms exist to
measure or state it; in fact, that the
subtlest smile is little more than an
added brightness to the eye and a
trenmulousness of the mouth. One
second of time is more than long
enough for it; but eternity does not
outlast it !
In that wonderfully wise and I
tender and poetic book, the "Lay- I
man's Breviary," Leopold Schefer 1
"A anile suffices to smile death away;
And love defends thee e'en from wrath
Then let what may befall thee-still smile
And howe'er Death may rob thee-still1
Love nevr has to meet a bittor thing;
A Paradise bloomsasround hm who sile5.
"FACTS FOR 3AIWLV."
A remarkable example of change
of habit following a change of con
dition is given by Mr. T. H. Potts,
in a late number of "Nature." The
case is that of a bird belonging to
the parrot family, and known as
the Ken. The bird is found in cer
tain localities amid the wild scenery
of the Southern Alps, in the Middle
Island of New Zealand, and, up to
the advent of the Europeans, its
food consisted mainly of the sweet
of flowers and the berries of moun
tain shrubs, with occasionally such
insects as are found in the crevices
of rocks or beneath the bark of
trees. Its aliment, therefore, though
not exclusively vegetarian, was such
as called forth no display of bold
ness in the effort to procure a saffi
cient supply. But with the occupa
tion of the country by the English,
its habits in this regard have mate
rially changed. Attracted by the
meat-gallows of the back-country
squatters, the bird soon learned, in
the scarcity of other food, to tear
its meal from the half-dried carcass
of some slaughtered sheep, or, fail
ing to obtain this, the drying sheep
skins stretched on the, rails of the
stock yard were laid under con
The bird now tears his food from
the back of the living sheep. We I
are told by a local paper that for I
the last three years the sheep
belonging to a settler in the Wanaka
district (Otago) appeared afflicted 1
with what was thought to be a new i
kind of disease; neighbors and
shepherds were equally at a loss to 1
account for it, having never seen f
anything of the kind before. The
first appearance of this supposed
disease is a patch of raw flesh on
the loin of the sheep, about the size
of a man's hand; from this, matter 1
continually runs down the side,
taking the wool completely off the I
part it touches, and in many cases
death is the result. At last a
shepherd noticed one of the moun
tain parrots sticking to a sheep and i
pecking at a sore, and that the
animal seemed unable to get rid of
its tormentor. The run-holder gave
directions to his shepherds to keep
watch on the parrots when muster
ing on the high ground; th@ resrlt
has been that during the present
season, when mustering high upon I
the ranges near the snow-line, they t
saw several of the birds surrounding
a sheep, which was freshly bleeding
from a small wound in the loin; on t
other sheep were noticed places I
where the Kea had begun to attack o
them, small pieces of wool having t
been picked out.
"From the recent settlement of
the country," says Mr. Potts, "it I
would be quite possible to date each
step in the development of the
destructiveness of the Kea, the gra- 8
dual yet rapid change from the mild
gentleness of the honemy-eater, luxu
riating amid fragrant blossoms
when the season was lapped in sun
shine, or picking the berried fruits1
in the more sheltered gullies when
winter had sternly crushed and hid
dea the vegetation of its summer1
haunts. Led perhaps to relish
animal food from its partly insect
ivorous habits, its visits to the oat
stations show something like the
bold thievery of some of the con'idar,
while its attacks on sheep feeding
on the high ranges exhibit an amount
of daring akin to the savage fierce- I
ness of the raptorial."-Galaa-y.
TIE COLORED Iti l.T ElUROPE.
After dwelling at length on the I
apparent sincerity of the religious
portion of the population of the i
continent, and commending the
practice of the Catholic Church in
keeping its sanctuaries open to corn
municants at alitimnes, and bringing ,
noble. to a common level in their
devotions, Mr.Phillipe got his word'1
in on the colored brother. He said I
the people of Europa did not know'1
black from white. In Paris he had I
seena dauen coaples of colored peo
ple prommnding the snost fashioms
ble walks, and he had been the only
person rude enough to turn round
and stare at them. At the Dome
of the Invalides, at the House of 1
Deputies, he had seen colored men i
high in office, and profoundly re- i
spected. At the Propaganda, at i
Rome, the lecturer who was most e
applauded was a colored man, and 1
at St. Peter's Cathedral the priest i
whose chanting of the beautiful f
Latin service delighted him, was t
also block, When he learned this he I
said to himself: "This must be four c
thousand miles from Boston.-[ex- I
GIVE US THE CIVIL RIGITS BILL.
It is reported that when the dis- a
tinguished orator, Mr. Frederick ,
Douglass, arrived in St. Louis, Mis- t
souri, he registered at the Planters' a
House, but was refused the right of a
dining there. t
Hon. Tom. Corwin, of Ohio, form- F
erly Senator, and once a Cabinet of- a
ficer, was once similarly refused in fa
Kentucky, simply and solely on the 14
ground of his complexion. 9
Give us a Civil Rights Bill to pro- v
tect our Dotklasses and Corwins '
from such insult. Give us a bill to 0
protect every American citizen.
It is no honor for a colored gen- r1
tleman to dine with a white one r
merely because he is white, but it is s
awfully inconvenient to be refused
dinner at a public table, when the
hotel is licensed for public accom
Mr. Morrill, of the U. S. Senate, e
thinks that the Supplementary Bill k
forces colored men to "our firesides b
and bosoms." It does no such thing, e
we aver, with all due respect. It x
merely says that if a hotel keeper P
obtains a license to feed people, he
bas no right to exclude a man from n
the table because the sun has burned
him a little blacker than somebody I
else. "Firesides and bosoms," for- C
sooth ! Give us public accommoda- o
tion when we are willing to pay for e
it, and we'll find our own "firesides" t4
and our own "bosoms."'-O'/r Na
N0 REST FOR THE CONSPIRATORS. I
We learn that Colonel Merrill,
District Attorney Corbin, and At- b
torney General Chamberlain left for
Washington on Monday, at the a
special request of the national au- e
thorities, to confer upon the Ku- b
Klux affairs of this State. Grave A
and most important questions are d
to be discussed, especially in refer
.nce to the future proededings in ]
court and in the field against 'the
Ku-Klux. The President and the c
new Attorney General do not se- A
cept the present lull in Ku-Klux '
activity as any evidence or even in
dication of permanent peace and tl
good order. It is known that the s,
whole up-country is now full of u
threats against all who have aided "
in unearthing the diabolical plan.
And the whole country will join h
with the President in his unrelent- tl
ing determination to finally crush g
out this stupendous conspiracy. *
The great necessity now is to obtain ,
additional executive and judicial a
force with which to push the arrest ti
and trial of the fiends who have Ii
thus far gone unwhipped of justice. b
There will be no pause until the
needed lesson is folly taught-that a
protection to every man in the ai
peaceable enjoyment of all his rights
is the boon of every citizen and the
unalterable purpose at the Govern- ,j
ment, and woe to the hand that is up g
lifted against it. It is, moreover, a
now proposed to seek out and bring '
to justice the real leaders in this no
farious conspiracy; what the Ku- ,
Klux organ offlthis city calls the a
"fall poppiei"--a happy phrase, the e
meaning of which the Pho'nixr maya
soon learn more than it now knows* t
We congratulate all our citizens on a
the fact that the Ooveqnment at f
Washington is alive to the situation E
here. The snake must be killed, a
not merely ucotched.-Columbia (8. 4
THE JAPEI.ESE EIBASY.
The most remarkable incident of
f the moment in this country is the
i arrival and the speeches of the Jap
enese embassadors. It is, however,
no "Tommy" affair; and it is with
a consciousness that we are not
perhaps quite perfect in political
wisdom an American citizen may re
flect that Governor Ito, who made
the recent striking speech in San t
Francisco, is not, under our laws,
capable of naturalization. It has a
become so much our habit to con
sider Asiatics as barbarians that
when the Burlingame embassy was t
feasted in New York it was scarcely
possible for some of the chief ora- a
tors upon our side to restrain a tone a
of humorous sarcasm; and there
was a very general popular feeling
that the yellow foreigners with al
mond eyes had as little in common
with sensible American citizens as
they had just stepped off the dinner- 2
plates upon which their potraits
were painted. Indeed, to call any
thing Chinese is to brand it as hope- t
lessly outlandish; and there are a
great many Americans who will be -
very apt to regard our Japenese
visitors as if they were Laplanders
It will be a most interesting reva
lation, that of the progress of the
reform of Japanese society. In the
speech of Governor Ito at San Fran
cisco he said that few but native
Japanese know anything of the in- s
ternal condition of the country; -
while by reading, hearing, and ob
servation in foreign lands, the Jap- a
enese have acquired a general
knowledge of the constitutions, ha
bits, and manners of most foreign
countries. The Japanese are an
xious, he says, to reach the highest
point of civilization, and to this end
they have a lopted the military,
naval, scientif c, and educatiqnal in- p
stitutions of the most enlightened f
lands. But with the instinct of the b
Orient, the moth r of thought and C
of religions, the G ernor does not n
exaggerate the im ortance of ma
terial advantages. 'ie mental im- q
provement of the cou. try has been $
far greater than the !iaterial al- o
though the material opei.-d the way.
Despotic sovereigns hud held the
people in ignorance for agcs. With
improved material advantages came
the consciousness of rights which
had been so long dented. Within
a year the feudal system of many
centuries had been entirely abolish
ed, without a shot or a drop of
blood. What country in the Middle
Ages, proudly asks the orator, broke
down its feudal system without war?
He then adds what is perhape the
most remarkable statement of all,
that even Japan already sees what
the Western nations of the highest
civilization see so slowly, that the
welfare of the country depends
very much upon the education of
women. Already Japanese girls-
"our maidens," as the Governor calls I
them-are coming to American
schools. The full force of this fact
will appear only to those who know
what the traditional feeling in re
gard to women has always been in
China and Japan. The embassy
has come to observe more closely
the details and developments of our
government and inventive genius
and enterprise, and to gather every
kind of valuable suggestion for
Ja n Then, says the orator, "the
dikin the centre of our na
tional flag shall no longer appear
like a wafer over a sealed empire,
but henceforth be infact what at is
intended to be--the noble emblem
of the ricim sun, moving onward
and forw amidst the enlightened *
nations of the world."
There has been an exchange of
courteous messages between the na
tional and local authorities and the
Japanese embessadors, and Con- 0
grein has appropriated fifty thou
sand dollars for their entertainment
while in Washington. Both the:a
good feeling which the eubaamy ex
presses and the intelligence, with t
which it studies and appreciates
our institutious have been manifest
ed in a very striking desgree byMr.
Kori, the resident minister of 'hn
at Washington ; and the advan
tages to our manufactures and eaom
merceeof the opening of avast and
ifriendly country like Japan are so
evident, that, for every reason, the
ly tle codaiyof the a i
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ar, w. 1in.e,
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