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THE OONCORDIA EAGLE.
AGLN PUmBLISHINO O., Pubtusers.
VIDALIA. - - . LOUISIANA.
Nt WANTS TO UE A MUFF.
*meb gal wave ou liht
-a st thew. Is snw atc
is s that I am envious quite
ho he te pin beneath her hia.
Her little muf is wee eaough
To grace a aris dolt's trouseau,
And yet her hand and s w-white out
Bellm quite ootent in tmlhe to so.
And when te wind is blow rough,
Aon w we lk tbhrou drifting snow,
I Wlhe my band coo hlid cr he.
A STRAIGHT DIAGNOSIIS.
An Attack of "Malari," uand What
"The doctor says it is malaria."
"How did you get malaria?"
"Oh, Aunt Mary, just as if one could
tell anything about malarala It Is like
the wind. It cometh from no one
knows where, and bloweth where it
3isteth;" and the invalid turned her
pretty flushed face on the pillow with a
movement of unmistakable irritation.
"Blanche, dear, have the kindness to
look at me a minute," said Miss Mary
Harrington, firmly but kindly. "We
don't want to make any mistakes to
start with. You know I am very blunt,
and you know that I have opinions--"
"And I know there is nobody in all
the world like you when one is ill,"
the young lady interrupted; "and that
is why I begged and prayed mamma to
send for you."
"That is very pleasant and en
couraging as far as it goes." said the
lady, "but I can remain, Blanche. as
your nurse, only on the condition that
7ou obey me. I am ready to unpack
and stay, or put on my hat and go."
Miss Harrington's gray eyes were
tender and smiling, and her whole face
was aglow with active benevolence; but
the broad brow and the herm mouth
had also much to say of careful study
and strength of character.
"Why, auntie, I should give up en
tirely f you disappointed me now,"
the invalid replied, with quivering lips.
"I have just lived on the thought of
"Well, will you obey me?"
"Yes, auntie, and I hope you'll re
3nember that obedience is not my strong
"But I hare your promise, and that
will do," said the nurse, cheerfully;
"'and now we'll see."
"Nineteen years old," Miss Harring
ton said to herself, "and confined to
her bed eight weeks with malaria?
Bosh! A bad tongue, feverish, more
emaciated than I had expected to find
her, pain in her side, intermitting pulse,
constant oppression of the cher, back
ache, acute headaches, cold extremities
and no appetite. And this is malaria?
Bosh again! I wonder what the doc
tors did before the word 'malaria'
cane into use. I must ask this physi
ciln his reasons for calling thi a mala
Miss Harrington was as good as her
word, and forcing her opinions and her
doubts quite into the background,
started on her tour of investigation
with an appearance of implicit faith in
the ability of the medical man to an
swer her questions.
"Is there anything the matter with
the plumbing?" the lady inquired.
"There isn't a sanitary precaution
that your brother has not taken," the
"Do you know of other cases of
malaria in this localityP"
"Oh, yes: malaria is by no means a
rare product in this neighborhood."
"Bt it is very high and dry, and
Constantly swept by sea-breezes."'
"Yes; very high and dry."
"And very gay?" Aunt Mary sug
"Yes; exceptionally gay."
There was a comical twinkle in the
gentleman's eye that told of a quick
appreciation of his companion's re
"And late hours, and thin shoes, and
low necks, and salads, and souffles
sometimes induce malaria, I suppose?"
"Well, why don't you say so, then?"
Aunt Mary had kept her claws
sheathed just about as long as possible.
"A physician can not safely meddle
with the private life of his patients ex
cept in extreme eases," was the un
ruffled response. "If I were to take
the broad platform which you recom
mend," the gentleman added, "I
should not only not do the least bit of
good, but I shouldn't have a patient
left My reputation would be simply
that of an old busybody and an old
fool. But, madam, this is an excellent
field for you, and I am sure we can
work together with the utmost har
"merhapi you are right," said Miss
Harriagton, thoughtfully, "but I don't
exactly see it. Of course, if your pa
tients are all idiots, that settles it."
"You would scarcely dcall your nfeee
an idiot," said the doctor, "and she is
as fair a representative of the oclass as I
After a few days of Aunt Mary's
efeieat earaing, her patient felt able
to sit up, and her maid was directed to
get together the nessary artlels of
wrdroe. acag tie fr thiLns
preented were a pair of black
atocklag and a pair of ki lippers.
"What ate these" Misa fBarrlngton
"Why, they are the newest style of
i , antie," said her iece.
'Ppr solaes, sad three-ioh heels
-w de to a cherry pit in the
middleof the foot. I presume you
wear tmhese all the time yeou are in the
"Why, o( course, auntie."
"In the dead o winter as well as in
The youan ladylasghed msrril at
talnly. Just me how pretty they look
with the silk stockings."
"How many corns have you,
"Oh, only too or three little bits of
one. I send for a chiropodist once in
awhile, and then I'm all right for ever
"A girl of nineteen with her feet in a
chiropodist's hands!" said auntie, with
a y face.
"That isn't anything. Why, almost
all the girls-"
"Not the slightest doubt of it," the
lady interrupted. "You have nothing
else, I suppose, to put on your feet but
"No, auntie, and I wouldn't wear
any others if I had."
"I have now accounted for your
backaches, Blanche," said Miss Har
rington, "and we will proceed to elim
inate the spinal column from the
charge of malaria; it is perfectly inno
cent. And now the nurse examined
the other articles laid out for use.
There wasn't an inch of flannelto be
seen; nothing but the finest and most
elaborately beruffled and embroidered
"And do you not own a flannel pet
"What in the world do I want with
flannels? You know I almost always
go out in the carriage, and theie are
lots of warm robes.'
"It is about as I supposed." Miss
Harrington remarked, sadly. - "''Your
break-down is due to perfectly plain
and natural causes. There is notuing
in the least mysterious about it. You
have deformed your feet, weakened
your spine, and consequently your
whole nervous system, by the shoes
you have worn. by a series of expos
ures you have reduced your vital force
to such an extent that reaction was im
possible without further prostration
and a complete cessation of irritating
causes. Here are your corsets. How
much do they measure, please?"
"Nineteen inches, auntie."-the
young ladr was almost ready to cry
now-"ana they are a whole inch
larger than most girls of my size
"What is your size? Here is a tape
measure, and I will soon tell you. You
have lost considerable flesh, and I shall
have to allow for shrinkage. Twenty
four inches just as you are. Blanche.
Think of it! A twenty-fou" inch waist
squeezed into nineteen inch corsets!
We will now clear the heart and lungs
from the charge of malaria. Your ir
regular pulse, the cutting pain in your
side, your uneven and most inadequate
respiration can be traced directly to
tight lacing. Now I have this to say,
my child. I shall not permit you to
wear one of these artioles as long as
you are under my care. If you will ac
cept a pair of my quilted slippers, and
allow me to wrap you in blankets till
you have some clothes suitable for a
convalescent to wear, all ria t. If not,
you must find some ne else to take
care of you. My time is altogether too
precious to throw away. This may
seem very cruel, Blanche; but I really
think it would be far better for you to
die now than to be nursed back to the
old shameful conditions. There is
nothing before you but a lif, of invalid
ism if you decide to go on as you have,
"But how can I wear horr'd old shoes
and old scratchy flannels, and have a
waist like a washerwoman's?" the girl
inquired, between laughing and crying.
"You haven't said anything about gol
oshes and leggings yet, but perhaps
you'd like to have me wear those?"
"Shall I get the blankets and my
quilted slippers, Blanche?" Aunt Mary
"Yes: bring the gun-boats and the
flannels." her companion replied.
"And if you can find a few hen's feath
ers to stick in my hair, the resemblance
to a Sioux squaw will be still more
After this Miss Blanche had some
lessons in physiology and hygiene, and
very interesting and profitable topics
they proved to be. She learned the
reasons of things, and had sense
enough to accept and utilize them.
-Eleanor Kirk, in Huarpr's Bazar.
A Curious Word, Signifylfg aSplrtles.,
We meet them everywhere. They
are people who dress well, who are
seen in public places, and who glide
through life in an automatic way, that
in any one else would be attributed to
human numbness of nerves. They
never do anything but draw nutrition
from whatever they can attach them
selves to. This peculiarity is the first
to strike the general mass of intelli
gent people. The vibrion takes every
thing society or the community offers
in the way of profit, and gives nothing
in return but a narrow, petty, misera
ble, self-seeking existence. If he by
any means gets into the church he ab
sorbs all that religion has to offer, but
gives back nothing-perfectly willing
to take all religion has to gave. The
pious layman vibrion possibly pals for
a pew, attends church piously, picnics
solemnly. suppers sadly and banquets
with ief. The vibrion has no nerves,
electricity would not shock him, nor
any one, male or female. The vibrion.
unfortunately, is youthful as a rule.
If he is in buslness the vibrion takes
advantage of all circumstances, but
does nothing for the commercial inter
ests. In politics he is a leech-willing
to accept office and emoluments, but
loth to contribute of bhis means toward
the common weal. As a curiosity the
vibrion may be interesting, but as a be
ing in the semblance of a man he is
more dangerous to society than any
member of that clamss which is supposed
to demand the constant attention of
the police, and would be of little use
even to the doctors to disseet, as he is
deficient of heart and nerves. This is
given as a study of a class. It is ex
aggerated to some extent, but there is
an approach to reality. It is a had
remove from the masher.-N. j:
-Among the persons calling at the
office of the Register of Wilis in Phila.
delphla recently was a determined.
looking young man, with a bridle and
some rope on his arm, who demanded
a mole and a cow which his uncle had
keamathed him.-JAdl'shedsr T:vwe
Deeerlptlee of the City to the S ae Per
Many Monthe Hold by General Gordeo.
On a barren, stoneless and wide plain
on the western bank of the Blue Nile,
and about a mile above its junction
with the White Nile, is situated the
now famous city of Khartoum. Its
'river frontage is about one and a half
miles; its depth inward from-the river
about a mile. As its site is somewhat
lower that the point reached by both
rivers when in flood, a dyke fifteen to
twenty feet in height has been made
along the banks of the Blue Nile, and
another somewhat lower, immediately
at the back of the town, to protect it
against overflow of the White Nile.
Vhen at their lowest point both
streams are from six hundred to eight
hundred yards in width, and have sev
eral islands, which are cultivated. The
White Nile is unfordable, except in one
or two places far up the river, but the
Blue can be forded in many places
above the town. When in fleod, the
White Nile increases its width to a very
great extent, but not so the Blue Nile,
as its banks are much steeper. Around
Khartoum are several small villages.
Both above and below the town are
small plantations of date palms and
plantains, also a number of vegetable
gardens. According to the old custom.
or privilege, none of these gardens pay
any taxes. With the exception of the
river banks the oountry is bare and
During the hot season, which lasts
from the beginning of April to the
middle of November, the heat is se
vere, averaging in the shade from
ninety to ninety-five degrees Fahren
heit. The rains generally begin about
the middle of July and last till Sep.
tember. They are, however, said to be
very irregular, and sometimes there is
little or no rainfall. In the rainy sea
son the barren ground stretching be
tween the two rivers is covered with
grass, affording very good pasture.
The rivers begin to rise on the Ist of
June, and reach their highest point
about the beginning of September.
They remain stationary at that point
till about the 15th, and then begin to
fall. The cold weather begins about
the middle of December, and lasts till
the middle of February. From No
vember to March high north winds pre
vail, and during the remainder, south.
In the winter the thermometer some
times goes down as low as forty-six de
grees Fahrenheit; except in the regular
rainy season there is no rain. The
unhealthy season is during the months
of June, July, October and November,
when typhoid fevers and dysentery are
prevalent. The winter is the healthy
The resident population is generally
estimated at from fifty thousand to
fifty-five thousand souls, of which two
thirds are slaves. There is also a float
ing population estimated from one
thousand five hundred to two thousand
souls, and consisting of Europeans,
Syrians. Copts, Turks, Albanians and a
few Jews. The free resident population
are mostly Makhass or aborigines;
Dongolawees, from Dongola; Shag
hiyes, from a district along the Nile,
north of Khartoum, and the Rubatat,
a district north of the Berber. The
slaves belong mostly to the Nuba,
I)inka, Sulook, Berta and other negro
tribes. Both the free population and
the slaves are Mohammedans of the
Maliki school of divinity, and are also
followers of either the Rufai, Kadri,
Ilamdi or Saadi sect of dervishes. They
are very superstitious. Their political
creed is to side with whichever side is
the strongest. The free inhabitants are
mostly engaged in trade or commerce,
and the slaves in agriculture, or else
hired out as daily laborers by their
masters. But few are employed as
domestic servants. It is said that a
master always makes a point of marry
ing his slave as soon as possible. It is
also reported that slaves born in the
country improve greatly in appearance
as compared with the parent stock. Of
the floating population the Copts are
mostly employed in Government service
or trade. The Turks, Albanians, etc.,
are generally irregular soldiers or loaf
ers. The European element is repre
sented by about one hundred individ
uals, mostly Greek. There are also
some Italians. The chief export and
import trade is in the hands of the
Europeans, Copts and Syrians.
Except the manufacture of mate, cot
ton cloths, a rope made from palm
leaves and some filigree silver-work,
there is no manufacture worth speak
ing of. The bazaar is of considerable
size, and is tolerably well supplied with
Manchester goods, cheap cutlery, etc.
The export and import trade is con
siderable, and, besides numerous cara
vans, is said to employ over three hun
dred boats of various size. A con
siderable trade in grain is also carried
on with Sennaar and Karkotsch. These
districts are practically the granaries of
In shape Khartoum is very irregular.
Its appearance is also poor and miser
able. Except the Government honuse
and one or two other buildings, there
Is hardly a house worthy of the name.
The houses are mostly built of sun
dried brick, generally without an upper
story, and nearly all surrounded by
court yards with mtd walls.
To prevent these crumbling away
during the rains, they are every
year plastered over with dung
before the rainy season commences.
This plastering process is doubtless the
cause of a good deal of illness. As the
town is so low, there is no drainage.
-and thes eonquence is that during the
rains the whole place is deep in water,
and it is alnoat impossible to move
about. As there is no stone through
out the whole district, the streets are
full of dust during the summer and
mud during the rains. The chief build
ings are: (1) Government house and
ofdlce, large brick buildings on the
banks of the Blue Nile; (2) arsenal,
with smithy, earpenter's shop, smelt
Ing-furnaces, stoves, etc.; attached to
this arsenal ares some fourteen steamers
for the navigation of the rivers, and
also boats of various kinds; (8) a large
commodious hospital built by Colonel
Gordon; (4) a mose or ai built by
urhid Pasha; a sibntl or small
poeque, prosd with a well, and
some rooms for the oconvenalce of
travelers and poor people; (6) a large
hemnh of mnd whLh nmauP U) story
and a large barrack square; (7) pow
der magazine and workshop for the re
filling of cartridges; (M) a largeRoman
Catholic missionary building, estab
lished in 1848, a stone building with
garden. church, etc.; (9) a small Coptic
As to the attitude of the population,
Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart wrote on
January 16, 1883: "Of the fifty or
fifty-ive thousand inhabitants (includ
ing thirty thousand slaves) of Khar
toum, if I am to believe what I hear, I
must consider the majority as un
friendly to the Government. I have
been assured that many Government
employcs, and nearly all the native
traders, are secret partisans of the
Mehdi, in the hopes that he will re
establish the slave trade.- It is ques
tionable how far these statements are
justified, but perhaps I shall not be far
from the truth in saying that the ma
jority will take whichever side they see
is the strongest.-Chicago Times.
What Has Been Aeeomplitshed la Ne
No reasonably intelligent person can
doubt the advantage and benefit to the
country at large of the maintenance of
a considerable area of forest. No one
can ignore the value of timber as a
material for use in various arts and for
the domestic supply of farmers and
others who require rough and cheap
timber for many purposes. It is quite
unnece.mary to do more than refer to
these points or to the universally ad
mitted advantages of the forests and
timber plantations in regard to climate
aid water supply. All these things are
known and well understood. But they
are almost entirely ignored and
neglected and the positive necessity
for general action in regard to the
planting of waste lands witll timber is
lost sight of in the noisy calls upon the
Government to step forward and "do
somaething." The old story of the cart
man whose cart was stuck in a mud
hole, and who called upon Jupiter to
get him out of his trouble, applies to
this business. Farmers are the most
inttrested in this matter; they have
an atundance of waste land, or of land
tha: lies useless at present, that might
be very profitably planted with timber.
But because some other persons may
derve some benefit from the planting
of timber upon their lands and enjoy
some of the advantages with them of
it, this beneficial work is left undone.
A valuable lesson may he learned from
Nebraska in this regard. This young
Western State was almost wholly with
out timber: a treeless waste of green
gram and blue sky which met at the
horizon all around the solitary traveler
who crossed its lonely prairies a dozen
or a score of years ago. Ex-Governor
R. W. Furnas, one of the pioneers who
settled this State and have covered it
with fruitful fields, blossoming or
chards and gardens and leafy groves,
was one of the first to arouse popular
favor in regard to tree planting, and it
was, we believe, during the administra
tion of his government that Arbor Day
was established as a public festival, of
which the planting of trees was the
chief object. This idea struck the
popular fancy, and it has spread into
other States, but flourishes most fruit
fully in its birthplace, so much so that
during 1884 the amount of tree plant
ing done consisted of 2,500,1s) cotton
woods, 418,),(,10 box clders, 8t).0(e) soft
maple, 250,000 ash, 175,000 elm, 85,000
sycamore, 225,t00 other deciduous
trees, 1.850 bushels of walnuts, 250
bushels of acorns and 125 pounds of
catalpa seed. At this rate of progress
Ne.braska will soon be melodious with
the varying music of the forest and be
come a place of woods and groves,
while elder States will have unclothed
thsemselves and lie bare and barren to
the swinds and sun. All this has teen
done by private efifort, stimulated by
an ambition and rivalry keenly sharp
ened by a public spirit which has pre
vadetd all the people, until even the
children have their groves, planted by
tiny hands and nursed into growth by
generous care. Government has hati
no hand in it. It is the outgrowth of
the true American idea of popular
sovereignty, and that what the people
want done the people must do for them
selves. If only the people most inter
ested in other States would follow this
bright example all that the State Gov- I
ernments should do where there ale
public lands would be quickly done,.
and the resmaining forests would be
preserved from the cruel axe and the
Catching an "Express" Train.
Several men were at Wabuska the
other day to say good-bye to one of
their number who was going North.
Just as the train was fairly under way
the departing vaquero shouted back
that he had left his overcoat. A short
search resulted in finding the article,
and a hurried discussion arose as to the
best way of restoring it to its owner,
when it was suggested that, had they
bteen quick enough, one of them might
have caught the train on his horse.
The suggestion was like a flash of fire
to powder. One glance after the fast
disappearing train and DI)an Farley was
in the saddle, plunging both rowels in
his steedl and away and away, orve·r
ditches, through the sagebrush, up the
hills and down the hollows, riding as
though for dear life, like a madlman or,
more reckless still, like a thorough
blooded cowhov. It ws a hardl run,
but in a mile andl a half Dan overhlaulel
the train and the conductor slackened
speed so that he could deliver the coat.
It is needlless to say that )Dan rode a
good horse. - Territorial Enteririse.
-The Big Horn (Montana) .'bntiucl
illustrates in the annexed paragraph
how the freedom of the press must be
upheld occasionally in territorial sec
tions: Thomas Beecher, alias the
"Kid," attempted last Saturday even
lng to suppress the freedom of the
press by attacking our local scrilbe with
a deadly weapon, which resulted in the
"Kid" finding himself laid out undter
one of the Star of the West billiard
--Old Liberty bell was cracked in
1828 while ringing in honor of a vis-it
of Henry Clay to h'hiladlhla.
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
-There were nearly twelve thousand
marriages last year in New York City.
-"Tiny conversation" is the modern
phrase for '"s ll talk" in fashionable
circles in New York.
-There are now twenty-three cities
in Massachusetts. The most recently
incorporated Is Waltham.
-A noted San Francisco thief was
sentenced to forty years' imprisonment
a few days ago for robbing a man of
six dollars at the point of a pistol.
-A few days ago the proprietor of a
New York restaurant cut his hand with
an oyster shell, which caused his arm
to swell atnd pya.mia setting in resulted
in death,-N. Y. Y. Sun.
-A Government pensioner of Edgar
town, Mass.. is the fourth of his line in
direct descent who have drawn pensions
from the United States by reason of
military service.--Boston Journal.
-All branches of the world's busi.
ness that amount to anything are seek
ing for the best men that can be found
and emploving them at whatever cost.
-R-obrt Wl cidcnsall, in Y. M. C. A.
--Major Brooke says, in the Rural
Home, that more cherries, berries,
peaches and grapes and less pie, cake
and meat would lessen pain, prolong
life, and greatly increase the mental
and physical vigor of the race.
-A statistical work reports that
there are in Nova Scotia 265 lawyers,
29$ doctors and 468 clergymen. Ac
cording to this, every hundredth full
grown man in the province is engaged
in one of these professions, one in a
little over two hundred being a clergy
-The Palatka (Fla.) Herald says:
'A man and family arrived here one
day recently; the next morning he
paid four hundred and fifty dollars for
a lot, and that evening he had a shanty
erected, a stove put up, and he and his
family slept in it that night. This man
was from Maine."
-English people seldom hurry.
Twenty years ago the Mayor of Taun
ton. Mass., forwarded the Mayor of
Taunton,. Eng., a copv of the city char
ter and of the proceedings of the City
C'oncils. The gift has just been ac
knowledged by a receipt of a copy of
the history of Taunton, Eng.-Bosante
-- Russia threatens to beat the United
States as an oil producer. As yet it has
but 115 wells in the Caucasian region,
against 201,0() American wells, but the
average product of a Russian well is
sixteen times as great as of an Ameri
can well. The oil beds of the C'aucasus
are said to be absolutely inexhaustible,
and are disposed in horizontal layers.
In 1872 their production of oil was30,000
tons, and in 1882 1,t000,(5) tons.
-Mr. Thoma.s Barbour, thread
maker at Paterson, N. J., who died
recently worth one million dollars, if
not s-everal millions, was the soP of a
threadmaker at Belfast and traveling
salesman in Afnerica. His father
wanted to thrash him, big as he was.
for setting up a thread-mill in America
against the British manufacturer.
"Father." said the son, "I'11 make
more money for you than I ever did.
and make money for myself, too." He
did.-N. Y. Graphic.
--By the recent Spanish earthqakes.
a village in Granada has been moved
bodily some sixty feet in a northward
direction, a deep semi-circular crevasse
appearintr on its formler site. The
course of the little river near which
the village stood has been blocked up,
and a lake is being formed. Many of
the sulphur springs with which the re
gion abounds suddenly ceased flowing,
but reappeared a day or two after in
a state of unusual heat, indicative. no
doubt, of the character of the force at
-A gentleman whoi had courted and
married his wife ;n a full beard ant
lived for ten years with her
endowed with the sa:me hirs-ute adorn
ment, 1quietly determined to have it cut
off. ills wife found it difficult to recog
nize him, andt she sat staring at his
strange appearance for some time.
'"Well," he exclaimed, have you got
nothing else to do but sit still? I sup
posey'ou expect mie to do all the work,
while you loaf, as usual," he snappishly
said. ":Why it is you after all-1 knewv
you the moment you spoke," she re
-In a recent lecture on the germs of
disease, I)r. Sternberg said that the
strips of flannel saturated with carbolic
acid hung up in the sick room, and
the chlorine saucer placed under the
bed, are wholely valueless in aresting
the progress of pestilence. Siuc
methods do harm, he thinks, by lead
ing people to neglect the far more im
portant measure of admitting an
abundance of fresh air, which sweeps
away the germs. Many antiseptics
and deodorizers are valueless for the
destruction of germs. For this purpose
hi recommends the liquor of the chlo
rinate of soda,--Chica o Tinmrs.
-A ('hinaman was caught in a elite
trick at a jewelry store in San Fran
cico a short time since. He bar
gained for a one hunldred dollar dis
mend ring, and offered in payment
what appeared to be tive twenty-dollar
rolls of silver. lie took up the ring
and broke one of the rolls, which con
tained half-dollars. lHe pushed over
the other four. buit there being some
thing suspicious in his movements the
storekeeper sent for an officer, who
took charge of the ring. money and
unopened rolls. When tile latter
were undone it was discovered that
they were lead rolls, at each end of
which a half-dollar was placed.-Saon
- A physician gives a suggestive inoci
dent upon tihe treatment of the insane.
A patient who had been enveloped in
mental darkness for moret tIhan three
years was cured by occupation. At
first the insane man assistedl on the
mangle. Then hie set himself to
pikg buttons: and in a few
months had bout two thousand on a
string, with which he ornamented the
walls of his room. He was then offered
a small bounty for every rat. mole or
muskrat he would destrov, and was
given the full liberty of the grounds.
He soon gaveevidence of ability tottake
care of himself, and was releasled from
the asylum. --.V.', Yl1erald.
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
--D)id you know that milk which has
turnedm or changed can be sweetened
and made lit for use again by stirring
in a little sodaP--Tdedo Blade.
-It is worth recollecting that bar
soap should be out into square pieoes
and put in a dry place, as it lasts bet
ter after shrinking-Philadelphia ressu.
-When the angles of the horse's
mouth become sore from the pressure
of the bit, abply pulverized alum and
honey, in equal parts, four or five times
a day, and use a wide bit.
--When it is desirable to promote the
growth of horses' hoofs, the best
method is to keep them frequently wet.
The simple application of water is all
that is necessary.-Turf, Fidd and
-The elasticity of cane chair bot
toms chn be restored by washing the
cane with soap and water until it is
well soaked and then drying thorough
ly in the air, after which they will be
come as tight and firm as new, if none
of the canes are broken.
-The mulberry is a good tree to
raise in a poultry yard. It is hardy
and long-lived, and the fruit is popular
with the hens, besides being very nice
for the children. The leaves are large
and the shade it makes is dense, which
is desirable also in summer.
-Wherever, says the Massachusetts
Ploughman, a good, live Farmers'
Club exists, there is but little chance
for swindlers to succeed; this they have
learned, and so, as a rule, confine
their operations to farmers who stay
at home anti do not read the papers.
-Two main points in a good farm
wagon are lowness, to save lifting, and
a cut-under, for convenience in turn
ing. The latter, however. calls for
very low fore wheels, and the low
wheels call for springs, to modify the
suddenness of the lift over obstacles.
'N. Y. Times.
-A small currant cake, to be eaten
fresh for tea, is made of a half cup of
butter, one cup of sugar beaten to
gether, two eggs, half a cup of sweet
milk, one antd one-half cups of flour,
one teaspoonful and a half of baking
powder; stir in one cup of well-washed,
drained and dried English currants: if
they are not quite dry sprinkle a little
htour over them.-Detroit Post.
-A bread-crumb omelet is excellent
if served with roast lamb or veal: one
pint of bread crimbs, a large spoon
ful of parsley. rubbed very line, half of
a tiny onion c'loplped fine. Beat two
eggs light, add a teacupful of milk, a
trace of nutmeg, and peppelr anti salt
liberally: also a lump of butter the size
of a nsmall egg. Mix all together, and
hake in a slow oven, on a buttered pie
plate: when light brown, turn it out of
the plate, and serve at once.-N. Y.
-Good housekeepers are frequently
annoyed by oil marks on papered walls
against which careless or thoughtless
persons have laid their heads. These
unsightly spots may be removed by
making a paste of cold water and pipe
clay or fuller's earth, and laying it on
the surface without rubbing it on, else
the pattern of the paper will then likely
be injured. Leave the paste on all
night. In the moonlight it can be
brushed off and the spot will have dis
appeared, but a renewal of the opera
tion may be necessary if the oil mark
Is old.-Philadelphia Press.
WASTE IN ROOFING.
Economy in the C'onstruction of Barm
There are many wastes on the farm
which do not seem to be understood by
farmers as such, but there is not any
thing more palpably wasteful than the
numerous roofs on low buildings which
will be found upon a large proportion
of farms. Shingled roofs are expensive,
and should not be uselessly multiplied.
Our farmers have, probably, copied
much from the practice of English
farmers. In that country the farm
stealing covers a very large space.
Sheds and stables for stock are built
only just high enough to work in,
nothing stored above, but all these
roofs are maintained simply for the
stables; and after maintaining roofs
enough to cover barns to hold all their
crops, whether of grain or fodder,
they stack out all their grain and hay,
and then carry every feed by itself
from rick-yard to the stable, requiring
nearly four times the labor in feeding
necetsary if the hay or fodder were
stored in thesame buildingwith the ani
mals. A low building requires the same
foundation and rooting necessary if the
buildings were made high enough for
large storage. Our farmers do a little
better than this, but the waste is large
here. Note the large number of low
buildings, where large roofs are kept
u p simply for stables. It is not too
much to say teat thousands of farms
can be found where one-half the roof
ing used would accommodate the stock
and all the storage required by build
ing one large barn of proper height.
Barns are also more economical to be
built wide instead of narrow and long.
Barns should never be built with posts
lower than twenty feet, and if of con
siderable size should be twenty-five feet
high. and use some long braces to make
the building stiff. One long brace does
more to stiffen a building than many
short ones. As we have intimated
above, the labor of caring for animals
is less when everything needed is under
the same roof. Make everything as
compact as possible, for this requires
the least travel in feeding the animals.
-Lice ,tock Journal.
-One of the latest contrivances: A
genius has invented a cushion with a
spiral spring, to be worn by skaters
where it will do the most good. When
a skater who wears one of the contriv
ances sits down unexpectedly and in
italics, as it were, the spring throws
him right on his feet again before he is
fully aware that there has been an ac
cident. The other night a young man
provided with one of these inventions
fell a little too hard. and the spiral
spring reversed him so violently that
the rebound pitched him forward and
broke his nose. He will sue the in
ventor for ten thousand dollars danse
ages.-24i-- ett0 rErlc,