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WEYINGT HE RUM
-Government Engineers Ascertaining
the Amount of Water Flowing
at the Different Stages.
Making Topographical Sketch Along
Banks to Determine Possible
Sites for Dams, Etc.
Three civil engineers of the Water
Resources branch of the United
States Geological Survey are staying
temporarily at the Commercial hotel.
They are C. J. Emerson of Madison,
Wis., junior in the state university at
that place C. F. Gilby of Hastings,
Minn. and C. L. Smith of Waukesha,
Wis. These gentlemen are working
under the direction of Robert Follans
bee of St. Paul, district engineer, in
co-operation with the state drainage
commission, and are making a geolo
gical survey of the Rum river. We
gathered from an interview with these
gentlemen the following information:
That the object of these river sur
veys now being made throughout the
country is to indicate the location and
approximate amount of available
head of the various water powers,
either developed or undeveloped, also
to show the topography along the
banks to such an extent that possible
dam and reservoir sites will be indi
cated. It is not the purpose of the
federal or state government in mak
ing these surveys to usurp the field of
the private engineer, but rather to in
dicate in a general way the most
feasible projects which must be later
surveyed in detail by private inter
Messrs. Emerson, Gilby and Smith
started the survey of the Rum river
at Anoka on September 8 and are
now working about five miles south
east of Princeton. They expect to
reach Mille Lacs lake, and thus com
plete their survey, by the middle of
November should the weather prove
"We are progressing as fast as
could be expected," said Mr. Emer
son, the gentleman who is operating
the transit, "considering the peculiar
ities of the old Rum and its excep
tional snakiness. As a matter of fact
the distance from Spencer Brook to
Cambridge by water is 30 miles and
from Anoka to Spencer Brook 75
miles, and Gilby has to make all the
bends and crooks in his canoe."
As to this canoe, which is of birch
bark, Mr. Gilby says that he believes
he is the only man on earth who can
handle itit is ten times more
treacherous than an "unbusted"
"That," remarked Mr. Emerson,
"is practically correct, but Gilby will
have to admit that upon at least two
occasions he failed to satisfactorily
navigate that crafthe was dumped in
several feet of water." (Whereupon
Mr. Gilby called the hotel man and
bought the cigars).
Besides the Rum river survey party
there is one working at Mille Lacs
lake taking soundings to determine
the amount of water therein and also
making a map of the country sur
rounding. This is being done in co
operation with the Minneapolis health
department. Another party is sur
veying the Crow Wing river and all
three are under the superintendence
of Mr. Pollansbee.
The young men surveying the Rum
river are certainly pleasant gentlemen
to meetready to give any informa
tion in their power to whomsoever
may desire it.
"Seems to be ery Expert
A few days ago a party of Elk
River gentlemen visited Hon. H. E.
Craig's home in Orrock in an automo
bile. As the party was leaving the
chauffeur, who by the way had not had
much experience, made a wide sweep
of the yard, almost demolished a hen
house, scraped the paint off the side
of the residence, tore a board out of
the granary and almost beheaded Mr.
Craig's pet bird dog. Mr. Craig
viewed the havoc that the auto had
wrought and while a broad grin over
spread his countenance he com
placently remarked: "The gentleman
running that machine seems to be
All members of the council were
present at the regular meeting on
Thursday evening, October 7, and
the following business was disposed
The resignation of Albert King as
driver of the village team was read
and accepted and Councilman Jones
appointed a committee of one to hire
a suitable man in his place.
G. Nachbar was engaged for an
indefinite period to take charge of
and conduct the village scales at a
salary of $25 per month, Mr. Nach-
bar to furnish his own fuel for heat
ing the scale house.
A petition was presented by a
number of citizens praying that a
cement crosswalk be laid on Main
street from near Allen's store to the
opposite side of the thoroughfare.
The petition was tabled.
The recorder was instructed to noti
fy Mrs. John McCool to construct a
cement sidewalk on the east side of
lot 1, block 6, Plymouth avenue, in
Highland addition to Princeton,
and that said walk must be completed
by October 19.
A proposition to reconsider the
storage battery matter was brought
up but nothing resulted therefrom.
That Baldwin Road
Last Thursday six teams were en
gaged in hauling crushed rock from
the railroad yards onto the Baldwin
road and made a good showing in the
amount of work accomplished. Four
of the teams were from Spencer
Brook, three of them having given a
day's hauling the week before. Surely
the Baldwin people should manifest
as much interest in the improvement
of this road as the Spencer Brook
people. Supervisor Angstman in
forms the Union that if the weather
is favorable next Monday they expect
to complete the job, as a number of
the Baldwin farmers have agreed to
turn out on that day. It will require
a dozen teams, four loaders and two
men to spread the rock on the road to
complete the work. It is to be hoped
that.there will be a good turnout of
men and teams next Monday. Every
farmer who is obliged to haul his
produce over that road to market
should certainly be sufficiently inter
ested to contribute at least one day's
labor towards making this piece of
road passable at all seasons of the
Improve the Princeton-Greehbasli Road.
There is no highway leading into
Princeton that has a larger volume
of travel and brings more trade to
town than the road leading west
through Princeton and Greenbush
and into Benton county. Several
years ago this road was clayed and
graveled and put in excellent condi
tion at an expense of several thousand
dollars. The money was well ex
pended and brought tenfold returns.
But of late years this road has been
neglected and the heavy traffic has
worn ruts which need repairing. The
worse piece of the road in question is
within the village limits of Princteon.
At a small expense this road could be
put in good condition This most im
portant artery of trade, especially that
part of it within the village limits,
should be put in shape for the heavy
fall hauling without delay. A few
hundred dollars judiciously expended
would bring large returns. The vil
lage and town authorities should co
operate in this matter.
Favors a One mill State Road Tax.
In a letter to the Cambridge Inde
pendent-Press Mr. Louis Lidstrom
heartily indorses the stand taken by
the Union for a constitutional
amendment that will provide for a
general one-mill state road tax for
the improvement of the highways of
the state, to be expended in an intelli
gent manner under state supervision.
Unless liberal state aid is granted it
will be a long time before there will
be any noticeable or permanent im
provement of the public highways of
the state. Every member of the
legislature, from the country districts
especially, should be pledged to work
and vote for the submission of such
an amendment. There is no other
issue of more importance to the
people of the state than that of good
roads. Mr. Lidstrom's suggestion
that money appropriated for the
betterment of roads by town and
county boards should be expended
under the direction of expert road
builders is a good one.
Credit two more desirable families
to M. S. Rutherford & Co. Mr. Wm.
Bornholdt and family of Brookings
county, S. D., moved onto the Joe
Kuhn farm of 107 acres at Boyn lake,
two miles north of the village, last
Thursday. The consideration paid
for the farm was $6,000 cash. There
is a neat brick residence also a brick
barn on the place.
Mr. Leo Peters, father-in-law of Mr.
Bornholdt, came here with the latter
and moved onto the Frank Maihack
85-acre farm in section 4, town of
Princeton, on the same day.
Messrs. Bornholdt and Peters
brought three car loads of live stock
and farming machinery with them,
and either of them can draw a four
figure check and have it promptly
honored at the bank. They are the
right sort and the Union cordially
welcomes them to Mille Lacs county.
They will never have cause to regret
their change of residence.
B. C. DUNN, Publisher. Terms $1.00 Per Tear. PRINCETON, MILLE L^CS COUNTY, 1^NE80TA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1909.
BACK FROM ALASKA
Wm. L. Hatch, Oswald Kingand L. N.
Grow Arrive Home after Ab-
sence of Eight Months.
Were Engaged in Constructing an
Aerial Tramway From Bonan-
za Mines to Kennecott.
Wm. L. Hatch, Oswald King and L.
N. Grow have returned from the
polaric peaks of Alaskafrom the
great Bonanza copper mountains.
Mr. Grow was the first to arrivehe
reached here on Thursday last, while
Messrs. Hatch and King put in an ap
pearance ^Saturday evening. Fred
McClellan, Guy Cordiner, Wm. Mc
Minn, Victor Eklund and Ralph
Pierson returned on the same vessel
with them to Seattle.
The boys left for the Copper River
country on January 1 and some of
them expect to go back next spring.
Mr. Hatch has been engaged in fore
manizing the building of an aerial
tramway, four miles in length, from
the Bonanza mines to the foot of the
mountain at Kennecott, where the
Copper River & Northwestern rail
road, now in course of construction,
will reach in 1911. This tramway is
built on the gravity system and
buckets are used for carrying the ore
to the foot of the mountain. A series
of towers supports the cables.
Several thousand tons of ore have
already passed over the tramway and
sufficient supplies have been taken up
in the returning buckets to last the
force at the mines for a year.
Mr. Hatch tells us that the Bonanza
is by far the richest copper mine in
the world. There is one peak includ
ed in the Guggenheim syndicate
property which has approximately
$35,000,000 worth of ore in plain view
it is virtually a mountain of metal.
The timber for building the tram
way towers was secured from the
valley on the Kennecott rivera
species of spruce which admirably
answered the purpose. Horses taken
from the United States, were used in
hauling this timber, but the climate,
says Mr. Hatch, is a great deal
harder on horses than on human
beings. They did not, however,, lojie
many horses because they cared jsveli
At Kennecott the temperature
averaged about 35 degrees below
zero, but on the mountain peaks the
cold was much more severe, running
down to the 60 notch.
Taking everything into considera
tion, says Mr. Hatch, life in Alaska
is not so badof course there were
hardships which one does not en
counter at home, but on the whole it
was endurable. During the whole of
the time he was working on the tram
way construction the crew slept in
tents. There were stoves in these
tents, but bags were utilized for
sleeping purposes. The worst ene
my they had to contend with was the
black fly, an atrocious insect impreg
nated, in comparison, with as much
poison as a python. Mosquitoes are
also troublesome and nets have to be
worn over the face for protection.
The scenery in Alaska is, however,
magnificentthe finest in the world
scenery which no pen can adequately
describe or brush portray.
Killed by a Vicious Bull.
An Oak Grove farmer, W. D. Miner,
was killed by a bull on the public
highway in St. Francis on Monday.
The Miners were driving along the
road with a cow behind their wagon.
The bull, which belongs to L. L. Stew
art of St. Francis, jumped the fence
and attacked Mr. Miner, who was
walking behind the wagon which his
wife was driving. Mrs. Miner drove
on for help and when she returned the
vicious beast had killed her husband.
The bull is a particularly vicious ani
mal and Mr. Stewart was repeatedly
notified to that effect. It is altogether
probable that the owner of the bull
will have a bill of damages to pay
that will amount to many times the
price of the animal. But any amount
of a monetary consideration would be
small compensation for the loss of a
husband and father.
Spoiled In the making
Three weeks since we went to con
siderable trouble to secure photo
graphic views of a score or more of
farm houses in the towns of Prince
ton, Greenbush, Milo, Milaca, Borg
holm and Bogus Brook, with the in
tention of reproducing the same in the
columns of the Union. But the
pictures were all spoiled in the process
of developing them and the work will
have to be done over again. Sooner
or later the i on will present an
array of substantial looking farm
houses that will convince outsiders
that Mille Lacs county has many
THE WEEO DEATHS
Frank Woods, a Veteran of the Civil
War, Dies in This Village Fol-
lowing a Short Illness.
Guthorm Moe, A. A. Schute and Eva-
line Qriep Are Also Called to
Those Realms Beyond.
S. F. Woods, after an illness of
short duration, died at the home of
Mrs. A. M. Heath, with whom he
boarded, yesterday at noon.
Frank Woods, as he was familiarly
known here, was born in Waldo
county, Maine, on May 29, 1838, and
came to Minnesota in 1856, locating
at Anoka. There he was engaged in
lumbering until August, 1862, when
he enlisted in the Second Minnesota
Light Artillery and served to the close
of the war. Early in 1862 he was
married to Miss Lucy Tilton of Anoka
county and in 1867 settled on a farm
in Livonia, which he sold after a
residence thereon of about five years.
His wife died in 1869. About fifteen
years ago he came to Princeton and
had since lived here and at Everett,
Washingtonalternating between the
t\|o places. Two children survive
him, viz., Herbert Woods and Mrs.
Ejsie O'Malley, both of Everett,
Washington. He also leaves a grand
daughter, Mrs. John Mellott of
Baldwin, and a grandson, Duane
O'Malley of Dakota. One of his
daughters, Mrs. Frank Truax, is
Frank Woods was a member of the
Grand Army of the Republic and a
man generally respected by the com
The funeral, under the direction of
Wallare T. RiDes post, of which Mr.
Woods was a member, will be held
tomorrow afternoon from the Metho
dist church and the remains will be
buried in Oak Knoll cemetery.
A. A Schute.
The Union has received the fol
lowing obituary from Milaca:
Friends and relatives of Adoniram
A. Schute were saddened at the news
of his death at Baynesville, Mont., on
October 1. Death was due to heart
disease. Because of deficient tele
graph service Mr. Schute's people
were not notified in time to have the
remains brought home, but appropri
ate memorial services were held in
the Milaca Conrgegational church on
Thursday afternoon last.
Adoniram Ammi Schute was born
at Florida, Montgomery county, N.
Y., October 20, 1854. At the age of
eleven he moved with his parents to a
homestead less than a mile from the
present site of Princeton. He lived
there for nine years, then moved to a
home northwest of Princeton. At the
age of 21 he married Mary Groff.
Seven children were born of the union,
five of whom survive him. Mrs.
Schute died fifteen years after her
marriage. Seven years later Mr.
Schute married Mary Anderson.
Her one child, Mary, now eight years
old, was born three weeks before the
Mr. Schute was always a kind and
affectionate father, and a loving son,
faithful in his duty to his family.
Two brothers, one sister and his aged
mother also mourn his loss, a$ do his
large circle of friends throughout the
Guthorm Moe died at the home of
his son, Andrew, in this village on
Monday, October 11, aged 88 years.
Mr. Moe and his wife came here about
three weeks ago from Rochester,
Funeral services were conducted by
Rev. August Lundquist at the Swedish
Lutheran church yesterday afternoon
and the interment was in Oak Knoll
Guthorm Moe was born in Norway
and came to America twenty-six years
ago and settled at Rochester, this
state. He is survived by a widow,
who is S3 years of age, and two sons,
Andrew of Princeton and Martin of
Evaline, the infant daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Wm. Griep of Baldwin, died
on Saturday, October 9, aged 10
months 14 days.
The funeral services were held at
the German Lutheran church in the
town of Stanford on Tuesday at 2
o'clock in the afternoon and the re
mains were laid to rest in the Crown
cemetery. Rev. Roehrich officiated at
Hurricane Strikes Southern Florida
A hurricane of tremendous force
swept the Florida Keys on Monday
night and it is estimated that not less
than 800 people lost their lives in the
storm. While the death toll was great
in all sections of southern Florida
and the 'Keys, where the hurricane
struck, the brunt of the storm is be
lieved to have been borne by the im
mense gangs of workmen who were
engaged in bridge construction near
The city to suffer the most damage,
however, is Key West. Today it is
one great mass of wreckage with a
property loss of not less than
$2,000,000. Martial law has been pro
claimed and the Key West guards are
patrolling the city. The United
States government has also been
asked to send troops. Ghouls are
plundering the wrecked houses and
the mayor finds it impossible to cope
with the situationsuppress the loot
ing. Almost every nationality is
represented among the city's popula
tion of more than 20,000, about one
half of whom are employed in the
cigar manufactories, sponge fisheries
and salvage companies.
Rev Heard Goes to Olivia
Rev. J. W. Heard departed yester
day for Minneapolis, where he will
join his wife, and within a few days
they expect to leave for Olivia, where
Mr. Heard has been appointed pastor
of the Methodist church.
For three years Mr. Heard has oc
cupied the pulpit of the Methodist
church in Princeton and has given
every satisfaction. He is a powerful
speaker and a man who has devoted
his time in an effort to better his
fellow man. Mr. Heard's mission
was well filledhis earnest endeavors
have borne good fruit. And we must
not forget his good wife, for in church
work she was untiring and ever ready
to render such assistance to the sick
and needy as was in her power.
In the departure of Rev. and Mrs.
Heard Princeton loses two highly
esteemed residents who have endeared
themselves to the community, ir
respective of creed, and who will long
be kindly remembered. The people of
Olivia are fortunate indeed that Rev.
and Mrs. Heard are about to take up
their residence among them.
Baldwin Gains a Good Family
Charles E. Gharet and family from
Pennsylvania are temporarily locat
ed in the Howard house in east Bald
win and will move onto the Sanborn
farm in section 22, now occupied by
Dave Looney, on the first of January.
Mr. Gharet has purchased the San
born 80 and paid $2,500 cash for the
same. The sale was negotiated by
M. S. Rutherford & Co. Mr. Gharet
had read the booklet issued by the
Princeton Commercial club, which
together with the recommendation of
the state immigration commissioner,
George Welsh, induced him to locate
in the vicinity of Princeton. All such
newcomers as Mr. Gharet and family
are heartily welcome. There is plenty
of room"for such people in our midst.
Haas Uownj McAllister
Ben Hass on Tuesday evening en
gaged in a wrestling match with Hugh
McAllister, welterweight champion
wrestler of the Pacific coast, at the
armory in Princeton, and threw him
twice in succession. Hass is a wonder
in the art of wrestlingas strong as
an ox and quick as a cat. Although
lighter by several pounds than
McAllister he proved to be superior
in science, experiencing no difficulty
in throwing his man. The match was
the best which has been pulled off in
this village but the attendance was
May Well Feel Proud of Her.
Miss Mabel Gennow, who taught
school in North Dakota this summer
and fall, was up from Hamline, where
she is attending the university, last
week on a visit to the Craigs.
Through the generous assistance of
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Craig and her
own exertions she has worked her
way through the Princeton high school
and will graduate from Hamline uni
versity next spring. Miss Gennow is
a young lady of whom her friends
may well feel proud.
Another Rifle Accident
Bryan Gennow of Greenbush, aged
13 years, son of Mrs. Catherine E.
Gennow, while handling a rifle on
Sunday met with a severe accident. It
seems that the trigger of the rifle
caught in the boy's pocket and the
firearm was in such position when dis
charged that the 22-caliber long bullet
with which it was loaded entered his
groin and in all probability lodged in
the spine. Dr. Armitage is attending
the boy and he is doing well under the
Owing to a miscalculation in mak
ing up inside pages of the paper a
rather lengthy article relative to
restrictions imposed on villages,
towns and counties in incurring in
debtedness has been crowded
out of this issue but will appear
VOLUME XXXIH. NO. 42
TWO COUPLES WED
Miss Lillian Kaliher of This Village
Married on Tuesday to K.
n. Thomas of Foley.
William Dannemann and niss Bertha
Reissig Take riarital Vows
on October the Sixth.
In St. Edward's Catholic church at
9:30 o'clock on Tuesday morning
Kennedy M. Thomas of Foley and
Miss Lillian Kaliher, daughter of
Dennis Kaliher of Princeton, were
made man and wife. Rev. Father
Levings performed the ceremony.
The bridegroom, attended by Jas.
O'Reilly, approached the altar by
way of the vestry and there awaited
the coming of the bride who, escorted
by her father and accompanied by her
sister, Miss Kathryn Kaliher, pro
ceeded down the main aisle of the
church, while the wedding march from
Mendelssohn was played on the organ
by Mrs. Thos. J. Kaliher. During
the service Miss Bertha Dugan sang
two very pretty solos, "When Song
Is Sweet" and "O Fair, O Sweet, O
Holy One." The church was decorat
ed with autumn leaves and carnations.
The bride was gowned in a crea
tion of lawn and white lace and wore
a bridal veil and wreath, while the
bridesmaid was attired in a dress of
pink silk and white lace. Each car
ried a nosegay of pretty flowers.
Following the ceremony a wedding
breakfast and reception was given at
the home of the bride's father and
many gathered there to congratulate
the happy young couple. The gifts
bestowed upon them were numerous
On Tuesday evening Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas left for Duluth on a wedding
tour and will be at home to their
friends at Foley after November 5.
Mrs. Thomas is indeed a charming
young lady and will make an ideal
wife. She has lived in Princeton for
several years and graduated from its
schools, later taking up the profes
sion of teaching, at which she proved
herself highly successful. Mr.
Thomas is a successful farmer of
Foley and a man much esteemed. The
Union congratulates them and
wishes them a life of uninterrupted
Among those present at the wedding
from out of town were Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas, Miss Margaret Thomas,
John Thomas, Mrs. Donovan, Foley
Dr. and Mrs. Eugene Kaliher, Little
Falls, Lawrence Kaliher and Mrs.
Earl Kaliher, Minneapolis.
At 3 o'clock on Wednesday after
noon, October 6, at the Geiman Luth
eran church in Princeton township,
Miss Bertha Reissig was united in
marriage to William Dannemann of
Winona. Rev. Otto Strauch officiated.
Miss Minnie Dannemann, sister of
the groom, attended the bride, while
Paul Reissig, brother of the bride,
acted as best man.
The bride wore a gown of dotted
Swiss, trimmed with lace and the
bridesmaid was dressed in white lawn.
Both carried a bouquet of white
After the ceremony a wedding sup
per was partaken of at the home of
the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs.
Julius Reissig, at which only the near
est relatives were present.
The bride is a well known young
lady and has many friends in Prince
ton and vicinity who extend their
Mr. and Ms. Dannemann will reside
in Minneapolis, where Mr. Dannemann
is employed by the Traction Co. as
Those from out of town were Miss
Minnie Dannemann and Mrs. R. Bentz
Attempt to Kob Sandstone Bank
At an early hour on Monday morn
ing an attempt was made to blow open
the safe and vault of the Sandstone
The explosion tore off the outer
door of the bank's vaults and blew
out the plate glass front of the build
ing and practically ruined all the
furniture and fixtures. The safe con
taining the funds of the institution was,
in the vault and withstood all attempts
to break and loot it until the bandits
were put to flight by the approach of
citizens. Not a cent in cash was se
cured, but the financial loss to the
bank is estimated at $1,000.
The cracksmen may make Milaca or
Princeton one of these nights. It
might be a wise precaution to have a
few Winchester rifles and shotguns
loaded with buckshot shells within
easy reach in the vicinity of the
banks. The shooting sticks might
come handy in case of a night raid.