Newspaper Page Text
trial of a band of Camor
rists at Viterbo, Italy, draws
attention to the secret socie
ties of Europe which have for
their object murder or any form of vio
lence and crime that will promote
their views or fill the pockets of the
scoundrels who belong to them.
The whole continent is honeycombed
with such societies, who set all laws at
defiance and are a constant terror to
law abiding people.
Morountzeff, the man who died
through being accidentally shot by a
fellow criminal during the attempted
burglary in Houndsditch, was known
to the continental police as the des
perate leader of a gang of hooligans
and thieves which he had got togeth
er, known as the "Zmowa Robgotnic-
za," the members of which devoted
their energies to robberies with vio
lence and attacks upon banks and com
mercial houses. In these outrages sev
en persons were killed. Twelve mem
bers of this gang were ultimately cap
tured and hanged, but Morountzeff es
One of the most terrible of these
leagues of criminals is the dreaded
Mafia, which has terrorized Sicily for
several generations and is said to be
especially active just now. Its amia
ble code of honor is to defy the law
and to rule the island by threats and
Includes All Classes.
According to M. Gianelli, the Mafia
is "an unapproachable and multiform
union of persons of all classes, who
aid each other, in spite of the law and
morality, to murder, to intimidate and
sequestrate landed proprietors, to raise
a ring in the corn market, to forge
wills, to influence the results of trials
and to push their best men into gov
ernment offices." Its ranks include
men of all classes, from outlaws to
mayors and judges and from thieves
and sharpers to members of parlia
At one time this remarkable band
confined its efforts principally to kid
naping the sons of rich families and
to coining false money. Now they
draw most of their revenue from levy
ing blackmail on wealthy landowners
in return for their protection and by
assisting smugglers. Direct robbery
and violence are resorted to only for
How powerful the Mafia is is shown
by the following stories One day a
4arge case arrived at the Palermo cus
toms labeled "Biscuits The customs
officials opened it and discovered 500.-
000 francs in forged banknotes Not
one of them, however, dared to speak.
The case was reclosed and sent on to
FORTY YEARS IN BED.
Self Chosen Fate of Man Prevented
From Marrying Girl of His Choree.
Because Joseph Plummer of Milton,
N. H., was prevented by his father
from marrying the woman of his
choice he has remained forty years in
bed He is now seventy-one years old
The woman he loved is dead, but
the old man has not been told. In
fact, he refused to speak of her from
the -very day when he said to his
father, "Since you will not let me have
her. I hare no other ambition and
may as well spend the rest of my
life in bed Joseph went to bed Jo
seph did not get up He continued in
bed day after day. week after week,
year after year, until the sensation of
his course waned, and he became more
or less of an institution in Milton.
His mother and his father have both
died. Now his two brothers, both well
along in years, keep the Plummer
household, which is a prosperous one,
and take care of Joseph These two
brothers. Epliraim and Samuel, are
bachelors and cook all the meals
"When Joseph took his bed," says
Ephraim Plummer. "father did not
make any objections, but took his food
to him and let him stay there. Father
didn't approve of Joseph going with
the girl because she was only sixteen
years old, while Joseph was'consider
"Joseph folt that after seeing her he
could never love any other girl. He
was stubborn and used to having his
own way. He did not like to be
crossed At first when he took to his
bed none of us thought that he would
stay there long
"Now he is so weak from staying in
bed so long that be has lost the use
Of his legs,"
TAG BABIES "NO ME BESE."
Campaign Inaugurated Against Pro
miscuous Kissing of Children.
The latest fad in the nursery is to
equip children with printed labels
bearing the words, "No Me Bese" ("Do
Not Kiss Me").
The tags are the result of a Euro
pean campaign against the promiscu
ous kissing of children. The wording
is in Spanish because the idea is said
have originated with Queen Vic
toria of Spain.
On hygienic grounds the* queen di
rected that her three children should
not be kissed by the sundry court at
tendants who desired merely to show
New York's Marriages.
New York's marriages decreased
3,598 the year following the finan
cial flurry of 1907. Since then they
have gained steadily, recovering the
loss and bringing the figures hicrlier
than those of any year before 1907
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its destination, a well known and "hon
orable" merchant, without a word. In
another case the young son of a cer
tain prince was kidnaped and a sum
of 100,000 francs was demanded for
his return. The prince immediately
sent the money without breathing a
syllable to a single soul about the in
cident, which only became known to
the police some time later from a dis
covery of the letters of negotiation.
Rivals of the Mafia.
Much more farreaching and almost
as terrible is the Camorra, an organiz
ed band of assassins who infest Tur
key and stretch their fearful tentacles
over almost the whole of the Levant.
This society had its origin,-in the for
mer kingdom of Naples, where it plun
dered and terrorized the country, prac
ticed wholesale smuggling and under
took for a suitable reward to commit
any crime from murder to arson.
Candidates for membership swore
upon an iron crucifix a fearful oath of
fidelity and secrecy and only after a
long period of training and probation
received the two knives of peculiar
form by which the Camorristi recog
nized one another.
In Turkey, where the Camorra is
particularly active at present, incen
diarism is its chief occupation. It is
said that three fires out of every four
in Constantinople are the work of the
Camorra, whose method is to remove
all valuables from the chosen house or
shop, saturate the walls and floors
with petroleum and set fire to it. The
agent who refuses to pay the insurance
money is promptly assassinated.
Other Dreaded Societies.
But the services of the Camorra are
available to any who are willing to
pay heavily enough for them, from a
jealous wife who wishes to get rid of
a fair rival to the tradesman who can
not collect his debts. If threats fail
a stab in the dark invariably settles
the business satisfactorily. Like the
Mafia, the Camorra draws its members
from all classes, from the workingman
to the man of rank and fashion, and
any disloyalty means death to the rec
Among many other secret societies
in Europethe Carbonari, in Italy the
Nihilists, in Russiathe Hetaira has
had princes and even kings among its
members. The Czar Alexander I. owed
allegiance to the Hetaira, and Napo
leon III. was throughout his reign sub
missive to the grand master of the
Carbonari, whom he joined as a young
man. The Grand Duke Nicholas Con
stantinovitch, who was exiled to Si
beria for stealing his mother's jewels,
was a member of the Nihilist society
and had for a wife a Nihilist, daughter
of the postmaster of Tashkend.
GREAT FLIGHT PLANNED.
French Aviator to Attempt Trip From
France to Algiers.
The revival of interest in aviation in
France continues to be marked.
Brague, who recently made a notable
flight from Nice to a little island be
tween Corsica and the Italian coast,
says it was purely experimental and
that he intends eventually to fly from
France to Algiers, making Ajaccio his
He declares that to succed in this
voyage an aviator must possess three
essential thingsa good motor, an ab
solutely accurate compass and exact
meteorological information. He con
siders that the superior speed of aero
planes makes the escort of fast war
vessels wholly useless unless they be
scattered at regular intervals along the
greater part of the route.
The value of the aeroplane, says
Brague, has now been demonstrated
to be greater over sea than over terra
firma. Many experts in France be
lieve the development of aviation de
pends chiefly upon the problem of
dimensions, and there is a growing
opinion that a machine so vast that
air currents will have only a minimum
effect upon it may make navigation of
the atmospheric space relatively as
safe as that of the ocean in ships of
the type of the Mauretania.
Meanwhile a leading French military
organ announces with ^great confidence
that an infallible method of making
aeroplanes self balancing has been in
MORE PEANUTS IMPORTED,
Uncle Sam Increases His Liking For
It may have been due to the increase
in the number of peanut eating fans
at the baseball games or it may have
been because of the more extensive de
mands of the confectioner, but the fact
is the imports of peanuts to the United
States for the year 1910 assumed un
Consul General jGaulin at Marseilles,
France, where great quantities of pea
nuts are raised, reports to the depart
ment of commerce and labor that pea
nut exports to the United States for
the year 1910 rose in value from the
comparatively insignificant total of
$8,772 in 1909 to $371,568. Large pur
chases of peanut oil by Americans also
were recorded, and the trade was the
briskest in years.
Giant watermelons and muskmelons
grow in Diarbekir, Asiatic Turkey.
Some of them are as large as a flour
barrel. They are raised in the beds
of rivers which are almost dry in sum
mer. Their meat is coarse and not
nearly as sweet as that of smaller va
."ieties grown elsewhere.
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New Phase of Usefulness
I For the Corporation.
NEW YORK PIONEER CHARTER
Idea Might Prove a Safeguard Against
Folly and Extravagance on the Part
of the Proverbial Black SheepHow
Some Fortunes Might Have Been Af
SOME BIG FAMILY FORTUNES.
John D. Rockefeller, $400,000,000 to
Andrew Carnegie, $300,000,000 +o
Harriman estate, $200,000,000
J. Pierpont Morgan, $150,000,000 to
Marshall Field, $150,000,000.
Mrs Hetty Green, $100,000 000 to
Russell Sage estate, $100,000,000.
George Gould, $100,000,000.
Mrs. Anna Weightman Walker.
H. H. Rogers estate, $100,000,000.
Cornelius Vanderbilt estate, $75
Simon Guggenheim, $60,000,000.
Stephen B. Elkins estate, $25,000,-
William L. Elkins estate, $20,000.-
The corporation which has taken
over so many American industries and
investments has developed a wholly
new phase of usefulness. The legisla-"
ture of New York has been asked to
grant a charter for the incorporation
of family interests, under which the
whole Dam family or Jones family or
Vanderwagen family can pool all its
financial issues and buy, sell and trade
as a corporation, with its varied finan
cial and industrial activities responsi
ble to the stockholders and their duly
Few stages in the modern evolution
of business have so piqued the atten
tion of wealthy society people or so
awakened curiosity and speculation as
to the possibilities and the probabili
ties of a novel plan.
The Pioneer Charter.
The New York pioneer charter aims
to keep the family united^ to relieve
want among the members, to pro
mote sociability, to pay sick and oth
er benefits, to provide accident, life
and fire insurance and to conduct such
business enterprises as may be consid
ered likely to prove profitable for the
The granting of such a charter
should practically open the way td the
conduct of any legitimate industrial
or commercial or financial enterprise
on the basis of a family corporation,
with the holding of such stock limited
strictly to those who own kinship to
the parent family.
Whether it would infallibly promote
sociability is an altogether doubtful
question, for it would be a mighty
poor brand of sociability that could be
promoted on the basis of the late Cor
nelius Vanderbilfs division of his im
mense fortune between his sons, where
the elder got only a million because
he insisted on marrying the woman he
loved and the younger got all the rest.
On the other hand, the large Thaw
fortune, crippled as it has been by the
unhappy marriage of an heiress to a
noble blackguard and the desperate
struggle to save another member from
the electric chair, might have stood a
far stronger chance of escaping deple
The Gould family, with its system of
trustees planned by Jay Gould, whose
wisdom was greater than the serpent's,
has come nearer to the family corpora
tion in practice than most of the other
clans holding such immense posses
sions in the United States. The limi
tations enforceable by the trustee
when the well being f an individual
was threatened, even with the individ
ual's eager desire expressed to whoop
it up along the road to ruin, were" em
phatically shown during the latter
years of Anna Gould's married life
with Boni de Castellane. The countess
was only too willing to go broke for
the sake of her picturesque profligate.
But her brothers and sisters held the
checkrein and were almost as power
ful for her welfare as if they had been
able to vote Bono's extravagance into
the wastebasket at a directors' meet
What Might Have Been.
Yet the corporation principle, ap
plied to George Gould's freedom of
action as to the holdings of Union Pa
cific, might have affected the plans of
one of the most important railroad
systems of the world, quite apart from
the consequences that must have at
tached to his own life and his inalien
able right to the pursuit of liberty and
Another powerful railroad family,
the Harrimans, might have been in
jected as a corporation into the trans
portation systems that stretch from
coast to coast, while finance could
await with anxiety the extension of
Hetty Green's personal bank into a
close corporation such as her genius
for finance could enable her to con
struct. The only rival of the Green
family corporation, in shrewd invest
ment by reason of the experience of
its founder, would have been that
which Russell Sage might have found
ed. But he died, with his generous
wife alone surviving, and the care of
her prosperity was taken in a way
that rendered incorporation needless.
THE PBiyCETOK TOTXQy? THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 1911.
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
FLORENCE JOHNSTON. Superintendent.
I Violin Lessons i
A Terms Reasonable jj.
I DONALD MARSHALL!
Inquire at Ewing's Music Store or at
Supt Marshall's Residence jf
*'t- 't4* 44- }4'!!!!!- I
off the appearance
of your stove
IF YOU USE
It makes old stoves look like new
and lasts four times as long as anv
other shine. Don't imagine all brands
of stove polish are alike. Black Silk
is different. It's so much better than
other stove polishes that there is ab
solutely no comparison. It's in a
class all by itself.
It makes a brilliant, glossy shine
that anneals to the iron don't rub
or dust off. Give it a trial. Try ft
on your parlor stoveyour cook
stove or your gas range. If you do
not find it the best stove polish you
ever used, your dealer is authorized
to refund your money.
Here is what some of the ladies write us:
"I like Black Silk Stove Polish
better than any I have ever used.
People say, 'where did you get your
new stove,' and I tell them it's Black
Silk Stove Polish that makes it look
*1 will not use any other kind when
I can get Black Silk Stove Polish. It
makes stoves looknicer and stay nice
longer than any other polish."
"Black bilk Stove Polish is by far
the best I ever used. I have tried
many different kinds but find none
"1 like Black Silk Stove Polish bet
ter than any I ever used Several
parties in this neighborhood are anx
ious, to get some of your polish since
they saw my stove after using it."
Ask your hardware and stove
dealer fox Black Silk Stove Polish
and refuse a counterfeit brand.
Costs you no more than the ordinary
kind so- why not have the best
MADE IM LIQUID OR PASTE
Ask your hardware dealer
also for Black Silk Air
Drying: Enamel for use
on grates, feeders, regis
ters, stove pipes, etc.
A Chance for Another Savins'
Postmaster General Hitchcock may
not be as broad as some barn doors,
nor as deep as some wells, but he has
done more to put the postoffice depart
ment on a business basis than all his
predecessors combined. We may
occasionally get mad at him, but) on
the whole it is not possible not to ad
His faults are those of the pin
pricks his mistakes are those of
penny saving. But he hits with a
club as well as pricks with pins, and
saves in large sums as well as in the
It is a clever move to transmit
magazines in bulk by fast freight for
the long haul. For this be has estab
lished certain of the larger cities as
reeceiving centers to which these
bulky periodicals can be sent in car
load lots, there to be broken into the
small packages and distributed in the
This lessens not only the transpor
tation, but the handling charge.
Now, if he will tackle congressional
mail in somewhat the same way, send
ing all franked mail except what
would otherwise be of the first-class
variety by slow freight, all of his
minor sins will be forgiven him.
The one thing the people are in no
hurry to get, and thatwill do just as
well in President Taft's second ad
ministration as in his first, is the stuff
congressmen send out by the carload.
Indeed, it would be a blessing if most
of it never got there at all, or never
had been written or spoken.Duluth
A General Banking
Loans Made on
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Den a G*nral
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Security State Bank
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lands Farm Loans
HcMillan & Stanley
l. S. RUTHERFORD & CO.
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
Farm Loans Farm Lands
^mmmmftmimmimimmwnmmmmfffmmmmmffiK jHave a Good Floor!
5 It costs no more to have a smooth floor 3
gE than it does to be bothered with a cheap 3
g: splintery affair that needs repairing all 3
E the time. It will pay you to examine our 3
E Clear Birch, No. 1 Hard Maple and Quarters
E Sawed Western Fir Flooring for Porches 3
and Outside Cellar Doors. 3
We have a large and select stock on
hand. Our prices are reasonable and
our service prompt. We also carry a
correctly graded stock of everything
else in lumber
I PRINCETON LUMBER CO.
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
GEO. A. COATES, manager 3
The Shoe Bill is Big Enough
VT^THEN the money is as wisely spent as
it possibly could be it takes enough
money, goodness knows, to shoe the house
hold without wasting any experimenting, be
cause you are experimenting unless you are
dealing in certainties. Yes, there are such
things as shoe certainties. We can show
them to you any day. You are wise if you
deal in shoe certainties, and to do that you
have but to make a practice of coming here
for all your needs in footwear.