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Taft's Appointments Equal
Record of Jackson
Jefferson Named Three.
When Ellsworth resigned, in 1799,
Adams, without consulting Jay, again
appointed him to be the head of the
court. Jay refused to serve. Just be
fore leaving office Adams appointed
Marshall. Jefferson, in his two terms,
had the opportunity to appoint only
three members of the court. One of
these was Thomas Todd of Kentucky,
Who was named as the member from
the new western circuit created in
1807. The manner of Todd's appoint
ment was interesting Jefferson called
in all the members of congress from
the three western states and asked
them to submit to him a list of their
first and second choices for the place
The name of Todd appeared on every
Madison soon after taking office
found two vacancies caused by the
death of Justices Chase and Cushing.
He first named Levi Lincoln of Mas
sachusetts to succed Cushing, but Lin
coln declined on the ground that his
BLIND MAN MAKES BIBLE.
Minister Completes Volume In Raised
Letters After Seven Years.
The Rev. D. M. Spencer, a blind
minister of Gentry, Mo., has complet
ed, after seven years' work, a Bible
printed with raised letters. Prior to
starting work on the Bible he made a
hymn book of the same character.
In making his Bible Mr. Spencer
employed a girl to read to him while
he set the type which he had manu
factured. He did all the work on the
book himself, and it is said to have
cost more than $1,000 for its manufac
Mr Spencer has preached in prac
tically every state of the Union. He
once built a three room house for him
pelf unassisted and also homesteads
claim in Nebraska, where he did his
i^^mmdd^ith W\ Myf-^fla
NTERESTINC FACTS ABOUT
TED STATES SUPREME COURT
President Taft appoints
a successor to Justice John
M. Harlan on the bench of
the United States supreme
court, he will have made more ap
pointments to that body than any
president except Washington, Jackson
and Lincoln. Washington appointed
altogether thirteen members of the
court, not all of whom served. Jack
son and Lincoln each appointed five
Jackson reconstituted the court, leav
ing it at the close of his term with a
majority of the justices holding com
missions awarded by him.
As originally made up the supreme
court consisted of a chief justice and
five associate justices. In 1807 a sixth
associate was added when a new dis
trict had been created to take in the
new western territory comprising the
Btates of Ohio, Tennessee and Ken
tucky. In 1837 the expansion of the
nation westward again called for an
increase in the court and two more
associate justices were added. In 1863
a ninth associate justice was needed,
but five years later, when approaching
vacancies made it likely that Presi
dent Andrew Johnson might have the
appointment of the new members, con
gress, then in open antagonism to the
chief executive, reduced the number to
seven, thus preventing him from mak
ing an appointment.
This number two years later, after
the inauguration of President Grant,
was increased to eight associate jus
tices and a chief justice and as then
constituted the court has remained.
The last alteration in the court was
declared at the time to be due to po
litical reasons as clearly as the reduc
tion in 1868, as the addition of a new
member made it possible for the court
to reverse itself in the legal tender
Eeeords Since Washington.
Excluding the appointment of mem
bers who for one reason or another
never served, the presidents have ap
pointed members of the court as fol
lows. Washington (two terms), 9
John Adams, 3 Jefferson (two terms),
3 Madison (two terms), 2 Monroe
(two terms), 1 John Quincy Adams, 1
Jackson (two terms), 5 Van Buren, 4
Tyler, 2, Polk, 1 Fillmore, 1 Pierce,
1 Buchanan, 1 Lincoln, 5 Grant, 4
Hayes, 2 Garfield, 1 Arthur, 2 Cleve
land (first term), 2 Benjamin Harri
son, 4, Cleveland (second term), 2
McKinley, 1: Roosevelt, 3 Taft (after
filling the present vacancy), 5.
Of Washington's original appoint
ments, Rutledge and Robert B. Harri
son declined appointment. Washing
ton made more appointments to the of
fice of chief justice than any other
president His first choice was John
Jay On Jay's resignation, in 1793.
Washington appointed Rutledge. de
spite the advice of Hamilton and oth
ers of his advisers Rutledge presided
at the summer term of the court, but
before the senate could act on his
nomination his mind had become im
paired, and he was rejected. The pres
ident then named William Cushing, an
associate justice, who declined on the
grovnd that he preferred to remain as
an associate Then Oliver Ellsworth
Eight of the Justices Have
Served For More Than
eyesight was failing. Then John
Quincy Adams was selected, but he
refused because he preferred diplo
macy and wanted to remain minister
to Russia. Joseph Story became the
Massachusetts member of the court,
and the other appointment went to
Duvall of Maryland.
No Vacancy In Twelve Years.
Between 1811 and 1823 there were
no vacancies. This is the longest pe
riod in its history that the court has
remained unchanged. Just at the end
of his eight years in the presidency
Monroe had the opportunity to fill a
vacancy by the appointment of Smith
Thompson, in 1823, to succeed Brock
holst Livingston. J. Q. Adams' sole
appointee was Robert Trimble of Ken
tucky, who sat on the bench only two
Jackson, in his eight years in the
presidency, filled "a majority of the
seats on the supreme court bench with
his own appointees. These were Chief
Justice Taney and Associate Justices
McLean of Ohio, Baldwin of Pennsyl
vania, Wayne of Georgia and Barbour
Van Buren, soon after he became
president, filled the two new places
created by an act of 1837. His first
appointee, William Smith of Alabama,
declined, and he named Catron of Ten
nessee and McKinley of Alabama.
William Henry Harrison was the first
president to have no opportunity to
make appointments to the supreme
bench, but Tyler, who followed him,
appointed two justices. The second
president who made no appointments
was Zachary Taylor, but he, like Har
rison, was but a short time in office.
Fillmore, who succeeded him, appoint
ed one. Polk, Pierce and Buchanan
had the appointment of only one jus
Lincoln who chose five, including
Chief Justice Chase, was able to fill
one newly created place. This was
for the new circuit created on the Pa
cific slope, to which he appointed Ste
phen J. Field. Johnson, as already re
called, was prevented from making ap
pointments to the court by having it
cut down in size. Grant's first appoint
ment was Edwin M. Stanton, who.
however, never served, as he died four
days after his confirmation by the sen
ate. Hayes appointed but two jus
tices, one of whom was the late Jus
tice Harlan. Garfield, in his brief
term, selected one justice, Stanley
Matthews of Ohio, while his successor,
Arthur, appointed two, Gray of Massa
chusetts and Blatchford of New York.
Cleveland appointed two justices in
each of his two terms. McKinley ap
pointed but one, Justice McKenna of
California. Of Roosevelt's three ap
pointees, Holmes, Day and Moody, all
but the last are still members of the
Story Was the Youngest.
Story was the youngest man ever
appointed to the supreme court bench.
He was only thirty-two when he was
commissioned. Bushrod Washington
was thirty-six. Most of the members,
especially in recent years, have been
well along in their forties at the be
ginning of their service. The shortest
terms of those who actually partici
pated in the proceedings of the court
were those of Thomas Johnson of
Maryland, one of Washington's ap
pointees Trimble of Kentucky and
Howell E. Jackson of Tennessee, the
Democrat whom Benjamin Harrison
appointed to the bench just before
leaving office. Each served but two
Eight justices have served on the
bench more than thirty years. These
were Bushrod Washington, thirty-one
years, 1798 to 1829 John Marshall,
thirty-four years, 1801 to 1835 Wil
liam Johnson, thirty years, 1804 to
1834 Joseph Story, thirty-four years,
1811 to 1845 John McLean, thirty-two
years, 1829 to 1861 James M. Wayne,
thirty-four years, 1835 to 1867 Stephen
J. Field, thirty-four years, 1863 to
1897, and John M. Harlan, thirty-four
years, 1877 to 1911. Of the present
members of the court the oldest in
term of service is Chief Justice Ed
ward D. White, who was appointed
as an associate justice in 1893, in the
first year of Cleveland's second term.
I'l'l'l'I'MI 1H'!.H.111 Iil.ll.it.H.
Forty Out of 100 In District of Colum
bia Due to Elopements.
Statistics compiled from the records
of the Washington District supreme
court show that 40 per cent of all di
vorces there are the result of runaway
matches, and 30 per cent result from
marriages where one of the contract
ing parties was under twenty-one
years of age.
Eighty per cent of the divorce suits
have been filed by women, and less
than 10 per cent of the couples who
seek the courts are parents. There is
one divorce suit in the District to every
four marriage licenses.
The figures completely exonerate the
mother-in-law. In more than half of
the cases settled in the local courts
she siflpd with her son-in-law OF daugh
ter in law.
Twelfth Anniversary First
Message In November,
DISTINCTION WAS ST. PAUL'S.
Paper Printed on Board Gave the Pas
sengers the News of Stirring Events
of the Boer WarEvent of World
The twelfth anniversary of the re
ceipt of the first wireless message from
a liner at sea comes in November
This was an event that drew closer the
four corners of the earth. The joung
est operator at the key remembers the
coming of wireless telegraph, but few
remember what led to the installation
of wireless on the steamships of the
world and gave a practical demonstra
tion of the value of the invention for
The first steamship to establish com
munication with a shore station was
the American liner St Paul, out of
New York for Southampton. The story
of that first successful experiment is
iold in the current issue of the Marco
nigraph. In November, 11399, Mr. Jlar
coni cabled from New York that he
would communicate with the wireless
station at the Needles from the St.
Paul as that vessel was approaching
the English coast. Assistants were al
ready at the shore station, and upon
receipt of Mr. Marconi's cable Major
Flood-Page and Jameson Davis ^ent
down to the Isle of Wight to see that
the instruments were 'tuned" up for
the test. There was no thought of fail
ure, for experiments had shown ineu
that sending and receiving from a es
sel steaming twenty knots an hour
were only a matter of detail.
The opinion was that the St. Paul
would near the Needles between 10
and 11 o'clock on a Wednesday morn
ing, but that there might be no hitch
an operator was stationed at the key
all Tuesday night. There was no ring
ing of the indicator bell to disturb the
rest of those at the station that night.
On the morning of Wednesday, Nov.
15, 1899, there was a thick fog haze
over the sea. It would have been pos
sible for a liner to pass the Nee
dles without being seen by those on
shore. As the day grew older the haze
increased to a fog that, low lying, shut
out all view seaward.
Of that time Major Flood-Davis
"The idea of failure never entered
our minds. So far as we were con
cerned we were ready, and we felt
complete confidence that the *ship
would be all right. Yet it may be
easily imagined we were in a state of
nervous tension. Ten o'clock came,
then 11, when the steamship was ex
pected, then noon. One o'clock passed
and then on toward 2 o'clock. We
sent otrr signals over and over again,
and then in the most natural and or
dinary way in the world, our bell rang.
It was 2:45 p. m. 'Is that you, St.
Paul?' the shore station flashed. 'Yes,'
came back the answer after a short in
terval, and the waiting men knew that
success was achieved. 'Where are
you?' the shore station flashed out, and
back through the fog came, 'Sixty-six
nautical miles away.'"
It was a history making trip for the
St. Paul, for the coming of that first
flash of the news from the world be
hind the bank of fog made possible the
publishing of the first paper on ship
board containing actual news of what
had happened in the world during the
days while the steamship plowed its
way through the north Atlantic.
It was the fifty-second voyage of the
St. Paul, and she had on board 375 pas
sengers. Volume No. 1 of the Trans
atlantic Times was printed and sold
on board on that day, which was in it
self quite a journalistic feat. W. W.
Bradfield was editor in chief and II.
H. McCIure managing editor. The pa
per sold for $1 a copy, the money go
ing to the seamen's fund, a charity.
The Transatlantic Times contained
"Through the courtesy of Mr.
Marconi, the passengers on board the
St. Paul are accorded a rare privilege
that of receiving news several hours
before landing. Mr. Marconi and his
assistants have arranged for work the
apparatus used for reporting the yacht
race in New York and are now receiv
ing dispatches from their station at
the Needles. War news from South
Africa and home messages from Lon
don and Paris are being received. As
you know, this is the first time that
such a venture as this has been under
takena newspaper published at sea
with wireless telegraph messages re
ceived and printed on a ship going
twenty knots an hour.**
The "news" page of the Times is
given up to the bulletins received:
"1:50 p. m.First signal received,
sixty-six miles from the Needles.
"2:40Was that you, St. Paul? Fif
ty miles from Needles.
"2:50 Hurrah! Welcome home!
Where are you?
"3:30Forty miles. Ladysmith, Kim
berley and Mafeking holding out well.
No big battle Fifteen thousand men
"3:40At Ladysmith no more killed.
Bombardment at Kimberley effected
the destruction of one tin pot. It was
auctioned off for 200. It is felt that
period of anxiety and strain is over
and that our turn has come.
"4:00Sorry to say U. S. A. Charles
ton Is lost. All hands saved."
THE PRECSTCETOy U^IOST THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1911.
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home Modern in every respect. No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Ratrs are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the. nest trained nursing
H. C. COONEY. M. D
NELLIE JOHNSON Suoenntendent
Keeps Your Stave
"Always Ready for Company"
A bright, clean, glossy stove is the joy
and pride of every housekeeper. But it
is hard to keep a stove nice and shiny
unless Black Silk Stove Polish is used.
Here is the reason: Black Silk Stove
Polish sticks right to the iron. It doesn't
rub off or dust off. Its shine lasts four
times longer than the shine of any other
polish. You only need to polish one
fourth as often, yet your stove will be
cleaner, brighter and better looking than
it has been since you first bought it. Use
on your parlor stove, kitchen stove or gas stove.
Get a can from your hardware or stove dealer.
If you do not find it better than any other stove
polish you have ever used before, your dealer is
authorized to refund your money But we feel
sure you will agree witft the thousands of other
up-to-date women who are now using Black
Silk Stove Polish and who say it is the 'best
stove polish ever made."
LIQUID OR PASTE
Be sure to get the getuvsne. Black Silk Stove
Polish costs you no move-than the ordinary kind
Keep your grates, registers, fenders and stove
pipes bright and free from rusting by using
BLACK SILK AIR-DRYING ENAMEL. Brush
free with each can of enamel only.
Use BLACK SILK METAL POLISH for silver
ware, nickel, tinware or brass. It works quickly,
easily, and leaves a brilliaat surface. It has no
equal for use on automobiles.
Black Silk Stove Polish Works
Mothers who know the Importance of a
strong body take the great tonic
It builds body and brain,
dispels listlessness, creates
appetite, and brings refresh
ing sleep. Is pleasant to
Every Drop a Help to Health
Write for tW'Help to Health"
booklet and how to get a
"Baby Record Book:*
HFor sale at all drug stores.
Theo. Hamm Brewing Go.
ST. PACL, MINN.
The Riverside Hotel.
Having entered into possession of
the Riverside hotel I am now pre
pared to cater to the people's wants
and solicit a share of their patronage.
I shall endeavor to give my patrons
satisfaction at all timesthe service
will be of the best. Try the Riverside
hotel under its new management.
3313t Alex Simpson, Prop.
*t** iS^Wwt* J**^ I Capital $20,000
Does a Gei
^Wi^ P*H,H 'tV^v: '^ifv ,-^^yak'V^-l
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
Loans Made on Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
insurance Collections Cashier.
Security State Bank
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lands Farm Loans I
ricMillan & Stanley
H. S. RUTHERFORD & CO.
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
If You Are in Need of a Board oral
E Load of Lumber see the 3
Princeton Lumber Co.
E We can sell you at a lower price 3
I than any other yard. All that 3
we ask is that you will call and 3
give us an opportunity to con- 3
vince you. SP S* 3
I PRINCETON LUMBER CO.
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
J. J. SKAHEN,
GEO. A. COATES, Hanager 3
are sole agents for the Florsheim
Shoe in this town. Any man who
puts his money into a $4.50 or $5.00 Flors
heim Shoe need not wonder if he will get it
out again. This shoe never disappointed a
wearer. We have also the
Buster Brown Shoe
for children, and many other good brands.
Come in and see for yourselves.