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The Princeton union. (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, November 09, 1911, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016758/1911-11-09/ed-1/seq-2/

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port of Major General Thomas H. Bar
ry, U. S. A., superintendent of the
Military academy, to the adjutant gen
eral of the army.
Three examinations in an effort to
fill 300 vacancies were held by the
"war department this year, in January,
May and August. At the first ex
amination 170 candidates qualified out
of 553 who stood the examination. In
May there were seventy-eight success
ful candidates in 242. Fifteen quali
fied of the eighty-three who tried in
June. There remained after the last
examination fifty-seven vacancies un
The chief reason for this difficulty
of obtaining material to officer the fu
ture armies of the United States is
the mental deficiencies of candidates
In these three examinations 352 can
didates failed mentally, while nearly
a third of that number, 101 candidates,
were physically disqualified.
The mental deficiencies of candidates
are exhibited in copies of answers to ex
amination questions incorporated into
the report. These examination papers,
says General Barry, seem to establish
that proper care is not exercised in the
selection of candidates and that the
methods of instruction now in vogue
in the schools are not satisfactory
Examples of Some Answers.
The following examples are taken
from candidates' examination papers:
"Robert Burns was and English fie
was born in England and his parents
were very poor. All during Roberts
early child hood he showed that he
was very bright. He is considered one
of the greatest English His poems
sound different from that of the other
poets. The sound much more smooth
"Robert Burns was an English writ
er of poems. Burns was born of poor
parents, his father being a common
day labor. Burns when young showed
a taste for good book. Often while
eating a meal he would take his book
to the table and read as he ate. Burn
was large mans, but the hard labor
which he did while young weaken
him. When about seventeen Burns at
tended a dancing school which his par
ents objected to very much
"Burns early educations was obtain
thro his mother and a poor school To
which he could attend only a few
months a year
"As Burns grew in man hood he feel
in with companions. The results were
he became a drunken.
"Robert Burns came from the Pes
ant class -of Scotland: His father took
it upon himself to instruct his son as
he should be. When Robert was a
boy, his father would talk to him as if
he vvere a man with intelligence and
maturer knowledge instead of a mere
boy Nature greatly influenced him,
as is shown by his literary works
later, many of his poems were about
"birds, and the animals he came in con
tact in his daily work on the farm
"Burns was of Scotch decent. His
people were poor and ignorent His
opportunities were not good but he
was determine. The poetical blood
seemed to have run through his veins
He knew the pesant life well, and it
influenced his works of later years
Xo poet has ever been able to surpass
him in describing the pesant life
"Nepoliean" and Lord Wellingford.
"The battle of Waterloo, where Na
poliean, (he most noted and powerful
ruler also general that Europe has
ever produced, is what some authora
ties say as to his greatness, met his
defeat was merely an oversight on his
"The Battle of Waterloo was fought
betv, een the French and English. The
French were led by Nepoliean and the
English by Lord Wellingford.
"Nepoliean had captured most of
Europe and had been carrying on a
war against England. The English
were the better on seas but French
beat them on land."
As examples of failure to exhibit a
fair knowledge of English literary his
tory the following answers to the
question asked"In a few paragraphs
(altogether about 200 words mention
the chief characteristics and the most
important writers of the nineteenth
century in English literature"are
"The important writers of the 19th
Century were nearly all raised as poor
boys from poor families. The one we
should class first among them is Long
fellow. After his death. The people
of England thought so much about him,
they ask for his bust for the Poets Cor
ner in West Minster Abbey. It stands
in a prominate place today.
"There were a number of good writ
ers such as Johnson, Jonson. Tenny
son, and etc.
"The majority of the best writers at
this time were Englishmen. The Amer
icans only being a few. That is com
paring them with the Foreign writers.
"There was a great difference be
tween the writings of Englishmen an'l
Americans The American writin
seem to have more lnirnoi and a m2
pleasant way ii expressing thamsol\es,
Ignorance Shown by
WesUPoint Candidates
General Barry Explains Fail- Boys Who Would Enter Are
ure to Keep the School DeficientBad Grammar
failure to keep at maximum
strength the corps of West
Point cadets is the subject of
complaint in the annual re-
a Feature.
Heading a book written by an English
men is does not have the easy smoothe
effect as the Americans.
"Interduction" of the Novel.
"The age as a whole may be classed
as the Interduction of the Novel be
cause the majority of the work was
prose and the majority of the prose
were novels we have of corse poets,
such as Wodsworth Shelly, Kets, By
ron, But we also, have, Dickens, Gorge
Elliot Thackeray, Carlyle whith his
.essays The chartertstcs of the litera
ture was love of nature in Burns and
"We have Wodsworth's definition of
poetry, 'a superflous overflow of the
powerful fealing' Burns says, if it hade
but a spark of nature fire. In the
novel we have character desceiption
and well developed plots, also Humor.
"Some of the most important writ
ters of the nineteenth century are El
ler Wheeler Wilcox Elbert Hubbard
Jack London Walt Whitman and Dor
othy Dix. Among this number two
of them are women and there pieces
and writings are very interesting. El
bert Hubbard is somewhat of a phylos
opher. He is also a splendid writer.
He wrote the Doctor and a good many
other books. Jack London is more
of a novelist than a writer. His chief
work is writing up prise fights and oth
er things. Walt Whitman is called the
poet philosopher and his works are
very interested. He writes for all of
the newspapers."
As evidence of complete unfitness to
take the examination in history for
this academy the following answers to
questions asked in the recent examina
tion are submitted:
Q. Who was Nebuchadnezzar and
for what achievements was he noted?
A. Nebuchadnezzar was a prophet
and was noted for his foreseeings he
told the certain things would happen
and they did happen.
A. He was ancient king and wa3 a
soldier. He compled to eat grass and
live in the forest for about nine years.
He founded the city Ninneh.
A. Nebuchadnezzar was an Egyptian
ruler, noted for founding a library.
Gave Egypt a good start.
Describe briefly Xerxes' attempt
ed conquest of Greece, naming two of
the battles and the results of each.
A. Xerxes' conquest were not suc
cessful, being driven back.
A. He started with about a million
and 1-2 soldiers and followers. He en
tered Greece and foughted the battle
of Thermopylae was victorious but
cost him a great many men.
A. With a large army he defeated
the Greek at Thermopelae spearing
only one man. In the naval battle of
Salamis he was defeated. His at
tempts were a vailure.
Q. What was the "Macedonian
Phalanx"? What was the "Roman
Legion"? Name an important battle
in which they were opposed. State
the result of this battle.
A. Macedonian Phalanx was a di
vision of the Army of Macedonia. Ro
man Legion was the Roman army.
A. In the battle of Crecy these op
posing forces met and the result was
in favor of the Romans
Describes Mason and Dixon's Line.
Q." What was the Mason and Dixon's
line? How and when was it estab
lished? Why?
A Mason and Dixon's line was a
line made across the country from east
to west It apparently divides the
A. Mason and Dixon line is a line
running between Maryland and Geor
gia. It took its name from the name
of the surveyors. It was established
in 1690 and because there was a con
tinual quarrel between the boundaries
of the two states.
Q. Who were the leaders and what
were the results of the Battle of Tren
ton and Princeton? What was the
special importance of these two bat
A. MontCalm and Wolf, Gained a
stronger holt on the equipment of the
opposing forces
A. General Jackson and General Lee.
Q. Give the details of the establish
ment of the Republic of Panama.
A. The Republic of Panama was es
tablished by the United States against
the wishes of Great Britain in about
1897. We almost had trouble on ac
count of our "Monroe Doctrine."
A. The Mexican Government was
unbearable thereby causing the south
ern part to rebel and form a republic.
A. Panama was under the control of
Venezuela. She was mistreated and
misgoverned and asked foreign nations
for recognition as independent The
TJ. S. sent fleets over to Venezuela and
forced her to recognize Panama's in
A. Spain was not to hold power in
Panama, nor was the TJ. S. to annexe
her as a state.
A. Panama was purchased from Co
A. The TJ. S. was to have Isthmus
Panama to control herself.
A. Panama was owned by the Span
ish Gov. and it desired to be inde
pendent and free from the Spanish
bonds. It rebelled and was recognized
by the TJ. S. and other countries and
ho wa^ free and became an independ
nt Gov.
Course Will Be Established
Soon at Columbia
Late Newspaper Owner Gave $1,000,000
For the PurposeSecond Million
Provided if School Proves Successful
at End of Three Years.
Plans of Joseph Pulitzer, owner of
the New York World, who died re
cently, for a school of journalism at
Columbia university will be taken up
at once by President Butler and an
advisory board named by Mr. Pulitzer
eight years ago. A fund of $1,000,000
is released to the university by the
death of Mr. Pulitzer, with an addi
tional $1,000,000, provided the advisory
board is satisfied at the end of three
years that the school promises to be
The school of journalism was first
suggested to the then president of Co
lumbia in 1892. It was refused. In
1903 the offer was renewed by Mr.
Pulitzer to President Butler and by
him accepted. Plans were drawn for
the building and a place assigned to it
on the campus. Then came so many
new and difficult questions that, with
Mr. Pulitzer's declining health and his
frequent absence from this country,
the plans were never carried out.
How Fund Will Be Used.
The difficulty above all others that
stood in the way of the beginning of
the school was to find a man who
could direct such a school. President
Butler and Mr. Pulitzer held a great
many conferences on this problem,
each suggesting names. As recently
as two weeks before Mr. Pulitzer's
death the president of the university
had consulted with him on the ques
tion of a head to the proposed school.
The gift of $1,000,000 was so given
that the income was retained by Mr.
Pulitzer during his life. At his death
it is turned over to the university. The
terms of the gift are that the univer
sity shall construct a suitable build
ing and maintain a school of journal
Ism. A part of the fund will be used
in construction, and the income from
the remainder will go toward the sup
port of the school. If the advisory
board is satisfied with the progress of
the institution at the end of three
years, according to a later agreement
than the original one, the estate is to
endow the school with an additional
Mr. Pulitzer made his gift to Colum
bia in an agreement signed July 20,
1903. There were three other agree
ments relating to financial matters.
But the main provisions of the first
agreement are adhered to in the oth
ers. Mr. Pulitzer gave to the univer
sity at this time $200,000. He reserved
the right to nominate an advisory
board at any time before his death. In
case of his death before nominating
such a board the agreement provided
that the following should constitute
the board to found and govern the new
venture in education:
Advisory Board.
President Butler of Columbia, White
law Reid, publisher of the New York
Tribune and the American ambassa
dor at the court of St. James St Clair
McKelway, editor of the Brooklyn
Eagle John Hay, late secretary of
state Victor F. Lawson, publisher of
the Chicago Daily News: General
Charles H. Taylor of Boston, Melville
E. Stone of the Associated Press, Sam
uel Bowles, editor of the Springfield
Republican the principal editors of
the New York Herald, the New^ York
World, the New York Evening Post
the New York Sun, the New Yorfc
Times, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and
the Philadelphia Press.
On April 12, 1904, Mr. Pulitzer paid
to the university trustees $800,000, and
an amended agreement of that date
provided that the entire income from
the money should go to him during his
life or until the school was founded,
and in addition provided for the sec
ond gift of $1,000,000 if the school was
As no advisory board was nominated
by Mr. Pulitzer during his life the first
named men will form that body. It
was said at Columbia that the school
would be started. The questions of
men to teach and courses to be stud
ied will be solved as soon as practi
Tablet Affixed to House Where Initial
Number Was Printed.
A. tablet has been affixed on a build
ing in West Grafton street, Halifax,
N. S., which a century ago was the
fashionable district of Halifax, mark
ing the site of the first printing press
In Canada, established in 1751, where
the Halifax Gazette, the first newspa
per in Canada, was published in 1752.
The Gazette, now the official organ of
the provincial government, has been
published ever since and is still run
ning as the Royal Gazette.
The founder of the first press was
Bartholomew Green, Jr., who went to
Halifax from Boston two years after
the founding of the city by Lord Corn
wallis. The tablet was placed in posi
tion by the Nova Scotia Historical so
ciety, Archdeacon Armitage, its presi
dent, directing the proceedings. The
mayor, J. A. Chisholm, performed the
unveiling ceremony.
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home Modern in every respect No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
will permit
H. C. COONEY, ift. D.,
riedical Director,
NELLIE JOHNSON, Superintendent
Steam and
This is one of the tests
contained in our free book, "Ten
Years Wear in Ten Minute Tests."
The information in this book will
enable anybody to finally and abso
lutely settle the roofing problem
to know which roofing will last
longest on the building.
So ask our dealer fop your book
and sample of
Then give Vulcanite a chance to
make good. Put it to these extreme
tests along with the other roofings
you are considering. Choose the one
that makes good best. We know
what Vulcanite will dok YWU know,
too, if you try it.
Ask your dealer right away for
your free copy of the book and sam
ples. He'll gladly supply you.
PatentVulcanite Roofing Co.
Chicago, 111.
Evens Hdw Co.
Vulcanite Distributers
Is very exhilarating but
somewhat tiresome.
LAfter a day in the
Refreshes, stimulates,
strengthens and insures
a good night's rest.
Include a case in your outfit
"Leads them All"
Theo. Hamm Brewing Co.
Local Dealer
Princeton Minnesota
mat mk'irj^^^M
Farm Loans
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
ness Transacted.
Loans Made on Approved
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
Capital $20,000
Do a Gennal
Farm Mortgages,
Insurance, Collections.
I Farm Lan ds Farm Loans I
HcMillan & Stanley
Successors to
Princeton, Minnesota
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
If You Are in Need of a Board or a
s~ Load of Lumber see the 3
Princeton Lumber Co.
E W can sell you at a lower price 3
I than any other yard. All that 3
E we ask is that you will call and 3
E give us an opportunity to con- 3
vince you. *J* 3
GEO. A. COATES, rianager 2
Florsheim Shoes
E are sole agents for the Florsheim
Shoe in this town. Any man who
puts his money into a $4.50 or $5.00 Flors
heim Shoe need not wonder if he will get it
out again. This shoe never disappointed a
wearer. "We have also the
Buster Brown Shoe
for children, and many other good brands.
Come in and see for yourselves.
The Princeton Boot and Shoe Man
Yours truly,
Solomon Long
Banking Business
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Security State Bank
Princeton, Minnesota
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Farm Lands

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