E announcement that the forty
fourth convention of the
Woman Suffrage asso
ciation will be held in Phila
delphia Nov. 21-26, inclusive, brings
with it the recollection that a Phila
delphia woman, Lucretia Mott, was
one of the four women who called the
first equal rights convention ever held
in the world. The place chosen for
the unique gathering was Seneca
Falls, N. Y., the home ef Elizabeth
Cady Stanton the time was July.
1848, sixty-four years ago.
The cause of woman suffrage in the
United States took definite shape when
the anti-slavery agitation was at its
height In 1828 the Grimke sisters,
daughters of a distinguished judge of
the supreme court of South Carolina.
tecomin imbued with the spirit of
freedom, emancipated their slaves,
came north and by their impassioned
speeches succeeded arousing public
sentiment in behalf of abolition. Gar
rison soon entered the contest, and the
American Anti-slavery society was
From the beginning women were
prominently identified with the move
ment, and the names of Lucretia Mott
and many others soon became widely
known. The whole question of hu
man rights was thoroughly canvass
ed, and women soon began to take
part in the business meetings and
public debates, which aroused violent
opposition, and in 1839 the society was
rent in twain The half that sustain
ed the rights of the women comprised
3arrison Phillips, Pierpont, Pillsbury,
Thompson, Foster, Stanton. Gerrit
Smithnearly all those who carried
the abolition to success.
The question of women's right to
take public part in the movement was
carried to the world's anti-slavery
convention in London in 1840. which
refused to recognize the women dele
sates from the United States, who in
cluded Lucretia Mott and Mrs. Wen
dell Phillips. It was at this time that
Mrs. Mott and Mrs. Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, a bride, decided that on their
return to the United States they would
organize a movement especially for
the lights of women.
Soon there began to be signs of an
awakening on the part of women in
various sections of the Union^ Mar
garet Fuller, one of a coterie of think
ers in Boston, in her writings and semi
public addresses in 1840 demanded po
litical rights for women In 1845 Re\
Samuel J. May, a leader of thought in
New York state, preached a sermon in
his church in Syiacuse declaring that
the wrongs of women could not be
redressed until they had political pow
er. In 1847 Lucy Stone, just graduat
ed from Oberlin college, began speak
ing on woman's rights. Soon after
ward Lucretia Mott published a "Dis
course on WToman"
in answer to a lec
ture which Richard H. Dana was giv
ing in many cities ridiculing the idea
of political equality for women In
many parts of the country women be
gan to give lectures for the purpose of
promoting the I lghts of women.
It was not until 1848, however, that
the resolution made by Lucretia Mott
and Elizabeth Cady Stanton in London
-was put into effect In the summer of
that year they met at the home of Mrs.
Mott's sister. Mrs Martha C. Wright.
In Auburn. N and decided to carry
out the long cherished idea.
The following notice was circulated
"WOMAN'S RIGHTS CONVENTION
A convention to discuss the social, civil
and religious condition and rights of wo
men will be held in the Wesleyan chapel
Seneca Falls, N on Wednesday and
Thursday, the 19th and 20th of July, cur
rent, commencing at 10 o'clock a. Dur
ing the first day the meeting will be ex
clusively for women, who are earnestly
invited to attend The public generally
is invited to attend on the second day,
when Lucretia Mott of Philadelphia and
oth er ladies and gentlemen will address
When the eventful day arrived the
church was, filled with people, curious
and eager to know what the meeting
was for The presiding officer of this
the first woman's rights convention
was James Mott. the husband of Lu
cretia Mott The declaration of prin
ciples and resolutions was discussed,
the latter adopted and the former
signed by 100 men and women There
-was so much interest in the conven
tion that it adjourned to meet in
Rochester in August of the same year.
Here the Unitarian church was crowd
ed and it is said that manyfineadthey
dresses were made by men and women.
Among the signers of the declaration
Tvere Susan Anthony's father,
mother and sister, but she herself was
teaching in the academy at Canajo
barie. N. Y., and she knew nothing of
Miss Anthony and Miss Stanton met
for the first time in 1851, and imme
diately afterward organized work for
woman suffrage began to take shape
in New York In the following year,
1852, a convention was arranged to
take place in Syracuse, and the dele
gates present were from eight states
and Canada. This event brought to the
front the wonderful galaxy of women
whose names were henceforth connect
ed with the movement and inaugurated
Susan B. Anthony's fifty-four years'
leadership. From that time until the
present, with the interim of the civil
war, the work has actively continued
In the state of New York.
In New York are situated the head
quarters of the National Woman Suf
frage association, of which Rev. Anna
Howard Shaw Is president the New
York State Woman Suffrage associa
tion, with Miss Harriet May Mills as
president the Woman Suffrage party,
organized by Mrs. Chapman Catt three
years ago and grown to a membership
of more than 60,000 the "Woman's So
cial and Political union, whose presi
dent is Mrs. Harriot Stanton Blatch.
daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton
the Political Equality association, or
ganized by Mrs. Oliver H. P. Belmont
the Equal Franchise society, founded
by Mrs. Clarence Mackay, and the
Men's League For Woman Suffrage,
whose membership includes business
and professional men.
National I Aspect.
In 1850, during the anti-slavery con
vention in Boston, a few women in at
tendance decided to call a convention
to discuss exclusively the rights of
women. The arrangements were made
by Lucy Stone and others, and from
the holding of this meeting the wo
man's rights movement may be said to
have assumed a national aspect. Nine
states were represented by the speak
ers, and among them were Garrison,
Pillsbury, Foster, Burleigh, Douglas
and Channing, and letters were read
from Emerson, Alcott, Whittier, Gerrit
Smith, Joshua R. Giddings and many
other well known reformers. A na
tional committee was formed, under
whose management conventions were
held annually in various cities, and
the question of woman suffrage has
ever since been a leading one in Mas
sachusetts. An account of this Mas
sachusetts convention in the Westmin
ster Review, London, written by Mrs
John Stuart Mill, marked for begin
ning of the movement for woman suf
frage in Great Britain.
In June, 1852, the first woman's
rights convention of Pennsylvania was
held in Westchester and was largely
under the auspices of the Friends, or
Quakers, among them James and Lu
cretia Mott. There have been annual
meetings in or near Philadelphia since
1869, when Miss Mary Grew was elect
ed president of the state society. She
held the office until 1892. when, at the
age of eighty, she resigned and was'
succeeded by Mrs. Blankenburg, a
namesake of Lucretia Mott's and wife
of the present mayor of Philadelphia.
Mrs. Blankenburg served as president
sixteen years, when she decided to re
tire, and Mrs. Rachel Foster Avery
was elected to succeed her. Mrs. Av
ery held the office only two years, on
account of her plans to leave the state.
Mrs. Ellen H. E. Price, who is super
intendent of educational interests of
the Philadelphia yearly meeting, was
elected at the convention at Harris
burg in 1910 to succeed Mrs. Avery
and is now president of the associa
The National Woman Suffrage as
sociation is a federation of state suf
frage associations covering nearly
every state in the Union, the latter be
ing composed of county societies,
which in turn are made up of local
suffrage clubs, all members paying
Gain For Woman Suffrage.
When the first woman's rights con
vention was held in 1848 a woman
had no franchise privileges in this
country except a very slight school
suffrage in Kentucky. At the present
time they have complete voting rights
in six states of the Union, municipal
suffrage in Kansas, school suffrage in
twenty-six states and territories, tax
paying suffrage in five states.
In New Zealand, Australia, Norway
and Finland all women vote on exactly
the same terms as men and in the last
three countries may sit in parliament.
Finland has nineteen women in itstanic
parliament and Norway one. In Great
Britain, Sweden and Iceland they vote
for all officials except members of
parliament. In Canada they have
school and municipal suffrage. In
Scotland single women and widows
have municipal and county suffrage.
In the Isle of Man women possess
nal of commerce. Denmark women
can vote for all officers except mem
bers of parliament. In Belgium they
vote for members of city councils. In
Bosnia women taxpayers have the
parliamentary vote. In Laibach, Aus
tria, they have municipal suffrage. In
Baroda, India, women have municipal
suffrage. In Burma they have munic
ipal suffrage. In the kingdom of Wurt
temberg they have a slight form of suf
I The new republic of China has
granted the suffrage to women on the
same terms as men. and It is said that
the Chinese parliament will have at
toast one woman member.
DEATHS OF OUR 7
full parliamentary suffrage. In France them are men. Many remain unidenti-
may vote for judges of the tribu- Bed, but there have been occasional
FOUR OCCURRED IN NOVEMBER
MARKERS FOR TITANIC DEAD.
Monuments Being Erected Over Graves
of Victims In Halifax.
The graves of the victims of the Ti
disaster of April 15 who were
buried in Halifax cemeteries are be
ing individually marked. Several me
morial monuments have been contract
ed for by the White Star line, owners
Of the Titanic, and will be placed over
Halifax cemeteries contain the bod
Ies of 150 Titanic victims. Most of
Identifications, even within a few
months, and further identifications are
The markers give the names of the
Identified victims and the date of the
iisaster. In the case of unidentified
bodies the markers contain numbers.
Masons Remember Major Butt.
The Masonic lodge of which the late
Major Archibald W. Butt, President
Taft's aid, was a member has appro
priated a sum for a decoration upon
the memorial bridge which is to be
constructed by the city of Augusta.
Ga., for the officer, who lost his life on
THE PBrCTCETOSr TTmpNf THTJBSPAY, NOVEMBER T, 1912.
Sii of Sherman's Predecessors
Died In flea
The First Wat George ClintonOthers
Were Elbridge Gerrv, William R.
King, Henry Wilson, Thomas A.
Hendricks and Garret A. Hobart.
James S. Sherman was the seventh
vice president to die in office. Of the
six deaths already on record four oc
curred in November. Thefirstwas
4George Clinton of New York, who
died April 20, 1812, at the age of
seventy-three. The others were El
bridge Gerry of Massachusetts, Nov.
23, 1814, at the age of seventy
William R. King of Alabama, April 18,
1853, at the age of sixty-seven Henry
Wilson of Massachusetts, Nov. 22,
1875, at the age of sixty-three Thomas
A. Hendricks of Indiana, Nov. 25.
1885, at the age of sixty-six, and Gar
ret A. Hobart of New Jersey, Nov.
21, 1899, at the age of fifty-five.
William R. King took the oath of
office in Cuba, where he had gone on
account of ill health. He never pre
sided over the senate. Clinton, Gerry
and Wilson died in Washington, and
Clinton and Gerry were buried in the
Congressional cemetery. King was
buried in Dallas county, Ala., Hen
dricks in Indianapolis and Hobart in
Paterson, N. J.
It is worth noting that only four
vice presidents of the United States
were afterward elected to the presi
dency. They were John Adams,
Thomas Jefferson, Martin Van Buren
and Theodore Roosevelt. Five suc
ceeded to the presidency through the
death of the chief executive. These
were John Tyler, Millard Fillmore,
Andrew Johnson, Chester A. Arthur
and Theodore Roosevelt.
Vice presidents who were renominat
ed or re-elected were John Adams, vice
president 1789 and 1792 and president
1796 Thomas Jefferson, vice president
1796 and president 1800 George Clinton,
vice president 1804 and 1808 Daniel
Tompkins, vice president 1816 and
1820 John C. Calhoun, vice president
1824 and 1828 Martin Van Buren, vice
president 1832 and president 1836 R.
M. Johnson, vice president 1836, re
nominated and defeated 1840 Thomas
A. Hendricks, nominated with Tilden
in 1876. elected with Cleveland in
Prior to the amendment of the con
stitution in 1804 the candidate for the
presidency receiving the highest vote
was declared president and the one re
ceiving the next highest vote vice pres
ident, there being no direct candidate
for the second place. After that date
the electors voted separately for candi
dates for the two offices.
The Senate Functions.
In the senate the functions exercised
by Mr. Sherman fall to the office of
president pro tempore of that body, an
office which happens at the present
time to be vacant. But the president
pro tern of the senate does not thereby
become, as was once the case, a link
in the chain of the presidential succes
sion. The law governing the succes
sion to the presidency was enacted
Jan. 19, 1886. and its leading section
Be It enacted, etc., That in case of re
moval, death, resignation or inability of
both the president and the vice president
of the United States the secretary of state
or secretary of the treasury or
secretary of war or attorney general
or postmaster general or secre
tary of the navy or secretary of the
interior shall act as president until the
disability of the president or vice presi
dent is removed or a president shall be
The law also provides that when
one of the above cabinet officers suc
ceeds to the presidency he shall call a
special session of congress. A proviso
limits the succession to those cabinet
officers who would be eligible to the
presidency under the terms of the con
stitution and who have been appointed
with the advice and consent of the sen
1S^AA.!AS**$ ill" ll
I AND SANITARIUM.
A private institution whloh combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect. No
insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received. Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
IDA M. THIEL. Superintendent.
T. J. KALiHER
If you contemplate selling your
Horses, Cattle, Farm Machinery,
Household Goods, etc., call and get
my rates. v
Have You Been to See
About Your Case?
I am successfully treating all dis
eases without drugs or surgery.
Call and talk your case over with
me. My Examination is Free, and
you may gain more knowledge of
your own case.
Offices: I. 0. 0. F. Building
These are a few of the diseases I
treat: Appendicitis, Asthma, Ca
tarrh, Constipation, Diseases of Ear,
Epilepsy, Diseases of Eye, Female
Disorders, Gallstones Diseases of
Heart, Kidneys, Liver and Muscles
Lumbago, Pleurisy, Pneumonia,
Rheumatism, Sore Throat, Diseases
of the Stomach and Paralysis.
First Pub. Nov. 76t
Notice of Sale of Real Estate on Ex
Notice is hereby given that by virtue of and
pursuant to an execution, to me directed and
delivered, issued out of and under tbe seal of
district court of the county of Sherburne,
state of Minnesota, upon a judgment rendered
on the 23rd day of July, in the year 1909, in
an action in the district court of the state of
Minnesota, for the 18th Judicial District, in
the county of Sherburne, between W. H. Houl
ton, plaintiff, and R. Lynch and Mary F.
Lvnch, defendants, in favor of said plaintiff
and against said defendants, a transcript of
which judgment was docketed in Mille Lacs
county, Minnesota on the 19th day ot Decem
ber, 1910. at 2 o'clock p. m., I have this day
levied upon all the right, title and interest
of the within named R. E Lynch and Mary
Lvnch in and to the following described
property, situate and lying in the county of
Mille Lacs and state of Minnesota, to-wit
Lots 11 and 12. in block 31 and lots 1, 2 and
3 in block 54, all in the original townsite of
Princeton, according to the plat therof now on
file and of record in the office of the register
of deeds the said county and state, and all
of the east half of the northeast quarter (eV4 of
neH) w. of R. right of way, less 10 acres, in
section seven (7) and all of the west half of
the northwest quarter (w of nwJO of section
eight (8). less right of way, all in town
ship thirty-six (36). of range twenty-six (26),
and that on the 21st day of December, A. D.
1912 at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of that day at
the front door of the court bouse in the village
of Princeton, Minnesota, I will offer aud sell
the hereinbefore described real property, at
public auction, to the highest bidder for cash,
to satisfy said execution
Dated this 6th day of November, A. D. 1912.
Sheriff of Mille Lacs county, Minn
HE SAW THINGS.
The Boy Obeyed His Dad and Learnec
to Use His Eyes.
In the daily half hour confidential
talk with his boy an ambitious Londoi
father tried to give some advice.
*'Be observing, my son," said tin
father on one occasion. "Cultivate
the habit of seeing, and you will be
a successful man. Study things and
remember them. Don't go through tht
world blindly. Learn to use your eyes
Boys who are observant know a greal
deal more than those who are not.'*
Willie listened in silence.
Several da.\s later, when the entire
family, consisting of his mother, aunt
and uncle, were present, his fathei
"Well, Willie, have you kept using
jour eyes, as I advised you to do?"
Willie nodded and after a moment's
"I have seen a few things about th
house. Uncle Jim's got a bottle oi
hair dye hid under his bed, Aunt Jen
nle's got an extra set of teeth and a
lot of false hair in her dresser, ma's
got some curls sewed in her hat, and
pa's got a pack of cards and a box oi
dice and a leather covered flask behind
the bookcase."London Tit-Bits.
.I..I..|M|. ,fi!,,t! 11t 1 i.i,!
I Farm Lands
First National Bank
ot Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
Loans Made on
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. P. PETTERSON, Cashier.
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
V-1 Banking Business
interest Paid on Time Deposits.
Farm Mortgages, SKAHEN.
Insurance, Collections. Cashier.
lt 11,111111 AA.t.A...t. 111
Security State Bank
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
11 1 1
ricMillan & Stanley
fl. 5. RUTHERFORD & CO.
E If You Are in Need of a Board oral I i
E Load of Lumber see the
E?, 3 J
I Princeton Lumber Co. i|
We can sell you at a lower price
than any other yard All that
we ask is that you will call and
give us an opportunity to con
vince you. *& *f *f
PRINCETON LUMBER CO.
^Will Photograph Anything, Anywhere at Any Time, Day or Night.-Ui
Clement's Photographs are as good as the best He makes a business of
photograpoing family groi^ t th ir hcj es Old people a specialty Stock, buildings, A
.$. etc. Send post card to box 31 or call on me over Mark's store and 1 will be with you.
4 Post card printing Bring in jour negatives or films and I will print your cards for 5 4*
*l**JM8MJMi ^jieji ($$- 4 Y $ ^i $- ip t*r 'I1
i I 1 1 -l-MI..|i.|..n |i,|
We Handle the (treat Northern Railway Co. Lands i
Farm Loans Farm Lands I
GEO. A. COATES, manager 3
can see the 3 horse power engine called
Dan Patch, from the M. W. Savage Fac-
tories, Inc., at my place, also the Dan Patch
manure spreader. These sample machines for
sale at cost. i I
L. E. SVARRY
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