Plan to Suspend Battleship
Building Indorsed by
on the heels of the an
nouncement that "Winston
Churchill, first lord of the Brit
ish admiralty, urges strongly
that all the great nations join in a
"naval holiday," the same being a
period of a year or more, during which
the powers shall refrain from build
ing battleships, comes the news that
the first keel plates of the great super
Dreadnought Pennsylvania, destined
to be the most powerful fighting ma
chine in the world, have been laid at
Newport News, Va. Almost simul
taneously the battleship Texas, just
completed and at present the largest
.war vessel afloat, justifies the predic
tions of her builders by averaging a
speed of 21.128 knots on the five high
speed runs which marked the climax
of her standardization trial at Rock
From all the rest of the world news
comes also of increased activities in na
val construction. Nearly all the naval
programs of the great powers contem
plate the building of from one to five
'battleships annually for the next five
years. Even New Zealand is planning
a navy of her own, the first step in
this direction being the building of a
cruiser of the Bristol type of 4,800 tons
displacement to cost $2,000,000, which
on occasion may become a part of the
formidable fleet of Great Britain.
Germany, too, will adhere to her ex
isting program of naval construction
WINSTON CHTJKCHILL, FIEST LORD OP THE
and development, at present consist
ing of two battleships a year.
"Naval Holiday" Impractical.
Unofficially the kaiser's experts de
clare the suggestion of the British
statesman to be impractical. The Ger
man fleet, they assert, is for defensive
purposes only and as such must be
maintained in a condition capable of
protecting the coasts of the father
land against possible enemies.
That the German naval experts are
not without justification for the stand
they have taken is evidenced by the
report of a new invention lately tried
out by the British government, by
means of which a mine may be ex
ploded at a distance of several miles
without wires or other connecting ap
paratus. This, in view of the fact that
a clash between John Bull and the
kaiser is the ever recurring bugbear
of the German and British publics re
spectively, would seem to give color to
the alleged need of a "defensive fleet"
for the German coast, to say nothing
of the fact that England's naval con
struction program includes the build
ing of at least four Dreadnoughts a
year for several years to come.
Yet while other nations besides Ger
many have thus far turned a deaf ear
to the suggestion of the British first
lord of the admiralty, at the same time
in nearly every country there may be
found a steadily growing sentiment in
its favor. Indeed, there is scant doubt
but that this feeling will take some
definite form in the near future.
Daniels Indorses Suggestions.
Secretary of the Navy Josephus Dan
iels in a recent interview strongly ad
vocated the Churchill plan as a means
of reducing the annually increasing
naval budget of every nation and the
added taxation which it necessitated.
Economic reasons alone, he asserted,
even without considering those tend
ing toward a world peace, dictated the
advisability of a worldwide agreement
between all first class nations to close
or at least curtail the construction or
battleships for a stipulated period.
"I believe such an agreement must
be made sooner or later for economic
reasons," the secretary declared. "T^ie
hysteria of naval preparations is prov
ing too great a burden for the people.
iWe ourselves are spending about $140,-
000,000 annually on our navy and an
eg.ua! amount on our army, and that is
FOR ALL NATIONS
Meanwhile Increased Activity
In Naval Construction Is
but a bagatelle compared to what the
great powers of Europe and Japan are
spending, with new vessels supersed
ing and making obsolete all that have
been built before.
"The world today is facing the
anomaly of making its navy less ade
quate by increasing it, for when new
vessels are built with their more pow
erful armament they render useless the
smaller warships, save for coast de
Would Benefit Humanity.
The secretary said that such an
agreement joined in by Germany, Eng
land, France. Russia, Japan and the
United States would result in the great
est benefit to humanity in general from
an economic standpoint.
"Unless some such agreement is soon
reached," he said, "every citizen will,
figuratively, be carrying a soldier on
Secretary Daniels' statement is di
rectly in line with the offer Mr.
Churchill made directly to Germany,
as the chief rival of Great Britain.
Photo by American Press Association.
BATTLESHIP TEXAS, MOST POWERFUL
FIGHTING MACHINE AFLOAT, ON HER
while he was discussing the British
naval expenditures of $375,000,000 a
year and warning the nation of the in
evitably heavy increase in armament
if the rivalry continued.
After making his plea for a universal
"naval holiday" Mr. Churchill express
ed the opinion that if Great Britain
and Germany took the lead all the oth
er great countries would follow suit,
and they would all be just as great
and as sound as if they had built the
ships at present projected.
Feasibility of Flan.
If Austria and Italy did not build, the
obligation, he said, would be removed
from France and Great Britain, and
the fact that the triple alliance (Ger
many. Austria-Hungary and Italy) was
just now building no ships would make
the proposal possible without the
slightest danger or risk.
That no one will take issue witb Mr.
Churchill on the question of the benefit
accruing to the world if his suggestion
should be adopted is self evident. The
problem lies in its feasibility, at pres
ent at least.
Great navies are rising everywhere.
France, Russia, the United States, Ja
pan, even Greece and the South
American states, to say nothing of
Austria-Hungary and Italy, in addition
to England and Germany, are spending
millions on naval construction.
The difficulty will be to set a time
far enough in the future and yet not
too remote to be of practical value to
the present generation when all the
nations will find it convenient to ar
rest for a time their naval develop
In the meantime the shipyards of ev
ery nation will be busy turning out
great war machines, which, despite
their enormous cost, become obsolete
within but little more than the time it
takes to build one of them.
As far as the United States is con
cerned, the annual naval budget will
probably not be much changed, al
though the completion of the Panama
canal will add much to the effective
ness of our navy in some respects.
Canal Strengthens Navy.
Far from greatly adding to the sea
power of the United States, however,
the canal will really be a negligible
factor, although it was formerly claim
ed that its opening would 4ouble the
navy's effectiveness. But it will in
crease its possibilities for coast de
In this connection Secretary Daniels
recently asserted that the canal, while
adding much greater mobility to our
fleets, would not greatly increase their
strength except as defenders of our
"During the long campaign," said
the secretary, "one of the strongest ar
guments for the large expenditure
was that such a canal would double
the efficiency of the navy. We were
told also that it would make for effi
ciency in the army and make the
THE PRINCETON 'b^'itjiric^
United States the dictator of the west?
ern hemisphere and the mistress of
Larger Navy Unnecessary.
"Now that the canal is nearing com
pletion and the day is near at hand
when ships will sail from San Fran
cisco to the Caribbean in about 240
hours, as against the 1,824 hours it took
the Oregon to sail around Cape Horn,
we are told that the building of the
canal demands twice as large a navy
as formerly and that control of the
canal demands a large standing army
on the isthmus.
"The canal will not double the ef
fectiveness of our navy, but it will
greatly increase its ability to defend
every part of the coast on the Pacific
as well as the Atlantic. It will not
virtually multiply the numbers of the
Yet even if the canal will not great
ly augment the sea power of the Unit
ed States, except as regards coast de
fense, there is no reason why battle
ship construction should not be cur
tailed. It only remains for some of
the powers to show the way.
Sryan Peace Flan.
Many regard the plan of Mr. Church
ill as fojlowing in logical sequence the
suggestion of William J. Bryan, secre
tary of state, that the nations of tho
1913, by American Press Association.
SECRETARY OF THE NAVY JOSEPHUS DAN-
world enter into peace treaties, agree
ing to try the arbitration of difficulties
before going to war. A similar idea
was embodied in Secretary Bryan's
original proposal to the world powers
for a universal peace pact, but was
abandoned when it became evident
that strong opposition would follow.
If Great Britain, Germany, France,
Russia and Japan would adopt the
British suggestion there is scant doubt
that the United States would feadily
join in the agreement, and now that
the plan has been presented in con
crete fashion to the whole world it may
not be long before negotiations be
tween some of the powers are opened.
STATE LIFE INSURANCE
TRIED OUT IN WISCONSIN.
Man Who Drafted Law Authorizing
System Gets the First Policy.
The first policies in a state life in
surance fund in America have just
been issued by the insurance depart
ment of Wisconsin. Former Speaker
Charles A. Ingram of Durand, who in
troduced the bill in the 1911 session to
create state insurance, received the
Applications came from several
states, but under the law policies may
be issued only to residents of Wiscon
The lawmaking provision for state
life insurance was enacted after the
idea had been worked out by Commis
sioner of Insurance Ekern and a leg
islative committee. A study had been
made of similar laws in Germany,
Great Britain, Italy and Belgium.
No policy is issued for a larger
amount than $1,000. When the num
ber of policy holders reaches 1,000 the
maximum policy will be issued for
$2,000, and when the number reaches
2,000 the maximum policy will be for
$3,000. the highest amount authorized.
Existing governmental machinery
will be used in the administration of
the law without the creation of addi
tional offices. No paid agents will be
BARS PHOTOS IN WATCHES.
Illinois Central Issues an Efficiency
Order to Operating Employees.
No longer may engineers, conductors,
brakemen and other employees in the
operating department of the Illinois
Central railroad carry pictures of their
wives, sweethearts and babies on their
watch crystals. An order against the
practice has just been issued by the
Officials of the company have decided
that such pictures Are likely to dis
tract the attention of employees from
their work, and that accidents might
result. The order also specifies plain
dials of a uniform design.
"This rule may seem to be a small
matter, but. after all, it is the little
things that count," said Vice President
W. L. Park In discussing the order.
"Every railroad man. will admit that
success in the operating department re
quires strict attention to duty."
THE COMFORTABLE WAV.
OOniO SOUTH GOING NORTH.
7:55 a.m Sandstone 8:35 p.m
8:30 a.m Brook Park 8:00p.m.
9:10 a.m Mora 7:20p.m.
9:25 a.m Ogllvle.. 7:05 p.m.
9:38 a.m Book 6:50 p.m.
9:55 a.m Mllaoa 6:35 p.m.
10:10 a.m Pease (r) 6:13p.m.
10:22 a.m...Long Siding (f). 6:03 p.m.
10:27 a.m Briokton (t).... 6:00 p.m.
10:42 a.m Princeton 5:55 p.m.
11:02 a.m Zimmerman 5:35 p.m.
11:25 a.m ElkRiver 5:12p.m.
11 56 a.m -Anoka 4:46 p.m.
12:52 p.m Minneapolis.... 4:06p.m.
1:26 p.m St. Paul 3:30 p.m.
(f) Stop on signal.
ST. CLOUD TRAINS.
GOING WBST. GOING BAST.
3:30 p. Mllaoa 10:00a.m.
3:37 p. Foreston 9:43a.m.
4:40 p. St. Cloud 8:35 a.m.
GOING SOUTH I GOING NOBTH
U*Uy. exoeptrSun. Daily, except Sun.
8:30 a.m Mllaca........ 2:10p.m.
9:30 p. m. Princeton 1:00p. m.
10:80 p. Elk River... 10:30 a. m.
t3:00p. Anoka 8:00a.m.
Any information regarding sleeping
ears or connections will be furnished at
any time by
J. W. MOSSMA.N, Agent.
A private institution which combines all the
advantages of a perfectly equipped hospital
with the quiet and comfort of a refined and
elegant home. Modern in every respect. No
Insane, contagious or other objectionable cases
received. Rates are as low as the most effi
cient treatment and the best trained nursing
H. C. COONEY, M. D.,
FRANCES S. COONEY. Supt.
NELLIE JOHNSON, Head Nurse.
to your wagon or carriage is liable to
occur at any time. The only remedy
is to take your injured vehicle to a re
pair shop, where it will be made "just
as good as new." Wagons, carts and
carriages are repaired with a master
hand at our repair shop, and horse
shoeing and blacksmithing of all kinds
is skillfully done at low prices.
N. M. NELSON
N. W. Main 1663 T. S. Center 2670
GEO. M. RICKETTS
Mutual Life Insurance Co.,
of New York
Room 213, Phoenix Bldg., Minneapolis
Baggage and Express
AVING succeeded Wesley Page
as expressman, I shall continue
to convey packages and trunks to
and from the depot. My charges
for packages will be 10 cents and
for trunks 25 cents. I am also pre
pared to do light hauling about town
Prompt Attention to Phone Calls
Call Hoffman's harness shop from 9
a. m. to 6 p. m., at other times call
me at Harry Shockley's residence.
You Should Not
hold a public sale for the purpose of
disposing of your horses, cattle,
machinery, household goods, etc.,
until you see me and get my rates.
f. J. KALIHER
First National Bank
of Princeton, Minnesota.
Paid up Capital, $30,000
A General Banking Busi
Loans Made on Approved
M. M. Stroeter will conduct farm auctions either on commission
or by the day.
Princeton State Bank
D a Gnvml
HcMillan & Stanley
I S. RUTHERFORD & CO.
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands
E If You Are in Need of a Board or a 3
E Load of Lumber see the 3
Princeton Lumber Co.
We can sell you at a lower price
than anv other yard. All that
we ask is that you will, call and
give us an opportunity to con
vince you. SF
I PRINCETON LUMBER CO.
Interest Paid on Time De
Foreign and Domestic Ex
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice Pres.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
Interest Paid on Time Deposits.
2 JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
Security State Bank I
Princeton, Minnesota i
Capital $32,000 Surplus $4,000
itntntiiiiiltntiitiitiitiitiitiii.ti.t..t..t.,t..it.A.TM|MT..t.,|,|,l|,l| iiy T-f--t-t-f-t-f ff 1 I 1 ITliHiiH'i |1
Farm Lands Farm Loans I
J. J. SKAHEN,
.|.fr.|. .|..|.!,\,!!,|.,|,,\.,ij,,%,, ,t ,t, m, $ ,t,
Farm Lands $
QEO. A. COATES, Hanager 3
has a "nipping" affection for the feet, unless they be
well protected. You need a pair of good, stout,
strongly-made and thoroughly water-proof shoes in
order to weather the winter, the deep snows and great
storms and driving rains that are surely coming with-
in the next few months. Here are the kind of shoes
you wantsturdily built and exceedingly durable
without, while snug and comfortable within.
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