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title: 'The Princeton union. (Princeton, Minn.) 1876-1976, January 25, 1917, Page 2, Image 2',
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I UNITED STATES IS
Stars and Stripes Will Be Hoisted
I Over New Possessions When
Price Is Paid to
*t t ***M
i' i* i* x* 't' if i'OOo
HE Danish West Indies are now
owned by the United States.
Ownership of the islands pass
ed from Denmark to the United
States when Secretary Lansing and
Constantin Brun, the Danish minister
at Washington, formally exchanged
the ratifications of the treaty convey
ing the islands to this government.
The title passed with the exchange of
ratifications, but the actual physical
possession of the islands will not take
place until the purchase price of $25.-
000,000 is paid to Denmark.
The treaty provides for the appoint
ment of an agent by Denmark to de
liver and the appointment of another
by the United States to receive the is
lands. The American agent has not
been named, but it is expected that
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the assistant
secretary of the navy, who will soon
make a visit to the islands on a war
ship, will be designated.
Flans For Governing Islands.
Plans for taking over the islands and
for the establishment of American gov
ernmental control are being perfected
by the administration. The bureau of
insular affairs of the war department,
which has handled matters relating to
Cuba. Porto Rico, the Philippines and
other American insular possessions, is
now working out a tentative plan for
the government of the islands. Two
plans have been drafted. One pro
poses a civil form of government, with
a civil governor, as was the case with
Porto Rico, while the other calls for a
military government, under control of
a naval or military governor.
Senator Stone, chairman of the for
eign relations committee, has confer
red with President Wilson, Secretaries
Lansing and Baker and other adminis
tration officials regarding the taking
over of the islands. It is believed that
the policy will be to effect the transfer
,jvith as little disruption of the existing
regime as possible for the present.
Approval by Denmark's parliament
of the treaty by which the United
States acquires the Danish West In
dies opened the way for the prompt
exchange of ratifications between the
two governments and consummation
of negotiations that have been in prog
ress intermittently since the civil war.
The American naval strategists for
.years have regarded possession of this
little archipelago lying fifty miles east
of Porto Rico as absolutely necessary
to prevent any European power from
acquiring it and, moreover, to estab
lish there a great naval base and coal
ing station for the United States fleet.
Commercially the islands are regarded
as of comparatively little value.
The United States ratified the treaty
Sept. 9, the only question raised being
ih large purchase price.
Denmark Offered Us Islands.
"Some interesting details regarding
*ur previous negotiations for the pur
chase of the Danish West Indies, which
on two occasions proved abortive, were
brought to light when the senate re
cently ratified the proposed treaty for
their purchase at the cost of $25,000,-
000. At the time of our war with
Spain p. bill for the purchase at a cost
of $5,000,000 aroused so little interest
that it was allowed to die in the senate.
The Danish government first entered
into a treaty with the United States
providing for the sale of the Danish
West Indies during the period when
William H. Seward was secretary of
state. The senate never voted upon
this treaty, and owing -to this fact the
Danish government, when it took up
the question anew in the first McKin
ley administration, did not feel that it
ofV**i| "t"* 'ft I*
NOW OWNER OF
ABOVE, A VIEW OF ST. THOMAS BELOW, MAP SHOWING DIS-
TANCE FROM ISLANDS TO PANAMA CANAL, ETC. FRANKLIN
O. ROOSEVELT, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE NAVY, WHO
WILL PROBABLY TAKE OVER ISLANDS FOR UNITED STATES.
During Spanish War We Lost
Opportunity to Acquire i
Islands For $5,000,000.
Plans For Govern-
was dignified for it to open negotia
tions for the sale through diplomatic
channels, hut appointed a committee
of seven ofr the leading citizens of Co
penhagen with power to sell the islands
to the United States. The Danish com
mittee appointed Henry H. "Rogers of
the Standard Oil company and Charles
R. Flint to act for it.
Mr. Flint advised the president that
Mr. Rogers and himself were author
to sell the Danish West Indies for
$5,000,000. President McKinley im
mediately replied that he would have
a bill introduced in the senate authoriz
ing him to make the purchase.
The bill was introduced the day fol
lowing and received the unanimous
recommendation of the committee on
foreign relations, but Senator Elkins
made objection, and inasmuch as it
was deemed by President McKinley,of
great importance that all matters hav
ing any relation to the war with Spain
should be passed upon unanimously
the bill was not pressed.
High Frice Faid.
Of the group of about fifty islands
comprising the Danish West Indies
only three are big enough to have a
uame on any except hydrographic
charts and local maps, and a traveler
can walk around St. Croix, the largest.
in nine hours. The importance of the
group, however, is reflected in the
price our government proposed to pay
for them, says the National Geograph
ic Magazine. We gave less than 2
cents an acre for Alaska, less than 3
cents an acre for California, Nevada.
Colorado and Utah, less than 14 cents
an acre for Florida and under 27 cents
an acre for the Philippines. Even for
the canal zone we paid but $35.83 per
acre. Yet at $25,000,000 for the group
we offered Denmark more than $295
per acre for her holdings.
The importance of the island of St
Thomas, Danish West Indies, arises
from the fact that the harbor on the
south side of the island, on whose bor
ders the town of Charlotte Amalie is
located, is one of the finest in all
Terms of the Treaty.
Under the terms of the treaty Den
mark sells to the United States the is
lands of St. Thomas, St. John and St.
Croix, together with adjacent islands
and rocks, and including "the right of
property in all public, government or
crown lands, public buildings, wharves,
ports, harbors, fortifications, barracks,
public funds, rights, franchises and
privileges, and all other public prop
erty of every kind or description now
belonging to Denmark, together with
all the appurtenances thereto."
Denmark guarantees cession of the
islands to be free and unincumbered,
except for certain franchises and con
cessions, which the United States
agrees to maintain. Provision also is
made for protection of the property of
the Danish national church, and ex
emptions from the transfer include
arms and military stores and "mova
bles, especially silver plate and pic
tures in the government buildings.'"
Authorities have disagreed as to the
area of the Danish West Indies. Even
as to the three main islandst. Thom
as. St John and St Croixthere is no
agreement on the question of area. In
order to get a definite statement as to
their size planimeter measurements of
them were made on hydrographic
charts in the oflices of the National
Geographic society in Washington, and
they' show that St. Thomas is 28.25
square miles in area. St. Croix 84.25
square miles and St. John 19.97 square
miles in area, making a total of 132.47
square miles for the three islands.
I* j *$- j
FEARS FOR LIBERTY BELL.
fr "There are sections of the Lib- *fr
erty bell which are like rotten 4
4* rock. You could cut out a chunk $-
4* of the metal with a dull penknife $-
and indent it with a sharp point
ed lead pencil," said Wilfred Jor- h
J* dan. curator of Independence 4
4* hall, in an address before the -t-
City History society of Philadel- $-
4* phia, recently.
4* Mr. Jordan advocated the pas- 4
sage of a bill by the Pennsylva- 4*
fr nia legislature prohibiting the re- 4*
4* moval at any time of the bell fr
4* from its case in Independence 4
4* hall.- 4.
THREE SESSIONS UR6ED
FOR EACH CONGRESS
Representative McArthur's Bill
Fixes Specific Dates on Which
They Shall Meet.
A bill designed to designate fixed
dates upon which the congresses of
the future shall meet in regular ses
sion has been introduced in the house
by Representative C. N. McArthur of
Oregon. The measure, which provides
that there shall be three instead of two
sessions, each congress, stipulates that
they shall begin on the following dates:
FirstThe first Monday after the
fourth day of March in the year follow
ing the election of members of the
house of representatives.
Second.The first Monday in October
of the same year.
Third.The first Monday in Decem
ber of the following year.
It is pointed out by Representative
McArthur that the volume of congres
sional business has attained such pro
portions that it has become a physical
impossibility to do justice to all im
portant measures in the short time now
allowed for the two regular sessions.
He believes that if his proposed meas
ure is adopted that the time of mem
bers will be much more advantageous
ly spent, and instead of being com
pelled to take a vacation for the first
nine months of their term members
would be at work in the transaction of
public business except during a brief
period in midsummer and that the
present congestion of business in both
houses would be avoided by the early
consideration of much important legis
It is pointed out that during the sum
mer months many members absent
themselves from Washington, and it
frequently happens that a quorum is
not in the city. If congress would ad
journ during the hot weather periods
and put in the balance.of its time in
the consideration of legislative busi
ness the country would be the gainer
in the matter of efficiency.
CANDY FOR POLAR EXPEDITION
Amundsen Buys Six Hundred Pounds
to Last Six Years.
When Roald Amundsen, the explor
er, left Chicago the other day for
Washington it was apparent that the
food supply on the expedition to the
north pole upon which he is prepar
ing to embark will consist of some
thing more than whale blubber and
Preparatory for the six years' ab
sence in the arctic he purchased 600
pounds of candy and quantities of oth
er delicacies, including ripe olives,
sweet pickles, pickled pigsfeet. dried
fruits, nuts and apple butter. A ton of
meat has been purchased for each of
the ten men who will set out on the
expedition. This includes roast mut
ton, roast beef, ox tails, pork, stewed
kidneys, ox tongue, lamb tongue, ham
loaf, veal loaf, ox marrow and summer
Captain Amundsen said that he had
also purchased tea, coffee, cigarettes,
baking powder, dried eggs, dried milk,
cheese and canned vegetables. In all
50,000 cans of food will be carried on
the voyage. During the trip each of
the ten explorers will consume 400
pounds of coffee, if he drinks his share.
The ship will carry two tons of it and
two ton's of sugar.
PREDICTS SEA BEEFSTEAKS.
Why Not Eat Choice Joints Cut From
the Ocean Mammals?
An ever resourceful commoner, seiz
ed with a realization that three-fourths
of the surface of the earth is water
and practically a waste as far as pro
duction of varieties of diet is concern
ed, believes that the mammals of the
sea are worthy of cultivation as food,
says the Popular Science Monthly.
It is estimated that the meat of one
sixty foot whale, for instance, is equal
to that of seventy head of cattle and
tastes like choicest beefsteak in flavor
when properly prepared.
Other marine mammals which are
good for food as well as for commer
cial purposes are the seal, the walrus,
the dugong and the sea cow. The du
pong has always been prized for food
by Asiatics, Africans and Australians,
and the sea cow formerly found in the
waters of the Bering sea was so noted
for the palatableness of its flesh, its
size and for its gentle fearlessness, of
man that it has been*, almost entirely
exterminated through man's greed.
Texas Birth Statistics.
During the two years ended Aug. 31,
191G, there were born in Texas one set
of quadruplets, eight? sets of triplets
and 495 sets of twins.
UKIOll: THURSDAY, JANUARY 25, 1917
Slowly and silently she laid the
white, lifeless form in the place that
had been prepared for it. Tenderly
and. gently she rose and gazed for the
last time on that which she had
brought into being. Mute, dry-eyed,
alone, for a short space she leaned
over the little rounded body that was
fast growing cold. Suddenly those
who were near were disturbed by the
heartrending shriek that echoed
through the stillness of the early
morning. Again there was silence
then a second shriek. We rushed to
the spot. We raised the lifeless little
body, carried it into the house and
had it boiled for breakfast. The little
red hen had done her duty again.
Thisisthe Stove Polish
YO Should IT'otheris
S dir-rcnt from
care taken in the mak
ing and the materials used are
of higher grade
Makes a brilliant, silky polish thatdoesnot
rub off or dust off, and the shine lasts four
times as Ions: as ordinary stove polish.
Used on sample stoves and sold by
All we ask laa trial. Use it on your cook store,
your parlor stove or your eras range. Iryou
don'tfind11the best stova polish you ever ubed,
yourdealer is authorized to refund your money.
Insist on Black Silk Stove Polish.
Made in liquid or pasteone quality.
BLACK SILK STOVE POLISH WORKS
Use Black Silk Air-Drying I ron Enamel on grates,
registers, stove-pipesPrevents rusting.
Use Black Silk Metal Polish for silver, nickel or
brass. It has no equal for use on automobiles.
Get a Can TODAY
I Come in and arrange for a
I Sitting To-day! The Latest
S Creations in Photography are
I Always to be found at The
I PAYETTE STUDIO
Heavy, Fat Hens 17c g]
Green Hides 21c
Frozen Hides 21c
Cured Hides 23c
Guinea Hens, each SOc
W Want Furs
HIGHEST PRICES ALWAYS AT
C. H. WERLING'S I
Princeton t: Minn.
LYON & HEALY PIANOS
Pure in Tone
D. R. BYERS, Agent PRINCETON
Money to Loan
ON IMPROVED FARMS
Liberal Amounts Lowest Rates
ROBT. H. KINS
Are you reading your own
Union, or do you borrow it
from your neighbor? Sub
First National Bank
r: OF PRINCETON, MINNESOTA.
PAID UP CAPITAL, $30,000
A General Banking Business
Xoans Made on Approved
S. S. PETTERSON, President.
T. H. CALEY, Vice President.
J. F. PETTERSON, Cashier.
I -1-1YITI TTTtY *YfrT A^Tr V* 1
Princeton State Bank
DO- o,rai Banking Business
INTEREST PAID O N TIME DEPOSITS
Farm Mortgages, J.J.SKAHEN,
ii Insurance, Collections. Cashier.
Security State Bank
Capital, $32,000 Surplus $4,000
JOHN W. GOULDING, President G. A. EATON, Cashier
FARMLANDS FARM LOANS
ricMillan & Stanley
n. S. RUTHERFORD & CO.
We Handle the Great Northern Railway Co. Lands.
FARM LOANS FARM LANDS
Pierson A Blocker
On Time De-
(Successors to L. C. Hummel) it
Fresh and Salt Meats, Lard,
POULTRY, FISH and GAME IN SEASON.
Both Telephones I
South Mala Street Princeton, Minn.
SE E You'll find no BARK on our Lumber, although we do 3
EE stock and feel justified in the BARKING. When you 3
want the best lumber BARK up this tree
AND YUU'LL FIND IT
I Rudd Lumber Co. 1
GEO. A. COATES, Hanager
Prime Meats of Every Variety,
Poultry, Fish, Etc.
Higest Market Prices Paid for Cattle and Hogs
owttifr UiiXii* cixtia/iAj
Is Like a Dead Dog! 3
THE BARK j=f
Is All Off!
a good deal of BARKING about it. We have the 3