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tions or corporations to secure better
marketing conditions for what they
nave to sell and what they have to
buy, the Farmers* Co-operative cream
ery lieing the most important. The
importance of such -organization is be
coming more and mote realized. Leg
islation to this end was enacted in the
Minnesota legislature last 'winter, and
farmers of Mille Lacs-county are now
having the benefit thereof. Legisla
tion of similar character, but of wider
scope, is being attempted in congress
under the Capper-Hersman bill now
pending. A. J. Volstead of Minnesota
is chairman of the house committee
where this Trill is under consideration.
But the term "organized farmers"
as used by the Times, and the league
press generally, has no reference to
any such organization, existent or con
templated. It refers to the farmers
who pay, and the persons who receive
the amounts fixed by the big fixers as
membership fees in the nonpartisan
league, and which are used for the
purpose of undermining and abolishing
the present administration of affairs
and establishing a socialist system- on
its ruins, if the following from ah
editorial in the Courier News of Far
go, N. D., December 17^ be correct.
The paper is an official league organ:
"The whole nonpartisan league pro
gram, according to Webster's diction
ary is socialistic. The state bank, the
mills and elevators, hail insuranceall
these are socialistic."
In some localities the farmers thus
"organized" are a majority, in others
they are a small minority, in others
again there are none, and whatever
business relatibhships they may have
the dignity of being "organized" ap
plies only to those who aid the pro
moters of that socialistic scheme,
which is of doubtful utility.
Second"Anti-farmer." It seems
very improbable, ridiculous even, that,
any man of ordinary intelligence
should be "anti" towards the industry
in which he is engaged and on which
he depends for a livlihood, and yet
the Times persists in representing
that such is nevertheless the fact. Men
engaged in farming, and with whom
it is their only vocation, are spoken of
as "anti-farmer" merely because they
da not have sufficient confidence in
the poJitieal conditions of North Da
kota to put their money into a similar
experiment here, and have the courage
to say so.
Senator Hamer Makes Analysis. "champion." Perhaps we should here
Milaca, December 30, 1919. explain that chapter 505 was a house
To the Editor of the Union: bill, companion to the Johnson bill in
"The one big fly in the ointment of the senate and was substituted for it,
the anti-farmer gang of Mille Lacs so it became practically the Johnson
county is the fact that they dare not bill.
meet the champions of the organized How does the "rotten" record of the
farmers in public debate." senator from Mille Lacs compare with
The foregoing quotation is part of this, and what is their in.the session
an editorial in the Milaca Times of laws to account for his activities?
last week, and while it is characteristic According to the senate journal, p.
of that paper, a little analysis will re- 1967, Hamer introduced twenty-four
-veal some iriherent defects. The pur- bills. Three of these were referred
pose of this communication is to make to the committe on finance and further
such analysis, and consider these de-j action was embodied in the committee
ifects. Let us, therefore, look at some bill chapter 463 laws, 1919. In some
instances several bills .relate to the
of the terms used.
First''Organized farmers.* same subject, and were incorporated
large proportion of the farmers in this into the final bill. This is true of
vicinity are wcganized into assoeia-(bill, chapter 463 laws, 1919. In some
department of agriculture, created at
the last regular session, and the gaso
line and oil bills. Two bills failed in
the senate, and two that passed in the
senate failed in the house. There were
six house bills substituted for Hamer
Trills, most of them having been en
gineered through the house by our
Out of these twenty-four bills and
one which Mr. Serline requested the
writer to look after In the senate, we
have the following chapters in the 1919
laws, viz: Nos. 91, 194, 316, 412, 417,
421, 435, 497, 503, 520, 521, and resolu
tion It) on pages 764-5. Besides this,
at Mr. Johnson's request, Hamer se
cured tfae final vote on H. P. 623, which
is now chapter 478 in the session laws.
On the other hand the record gives
Senator Johnson credit for only two.
Can you beat it Can "the champions
of the organized farmers" disprove the
record by debate
Fourth"The one big fly Well,
that looks like another case of the man
who could see the mote in his neigh
bor's eye, but there was a beam in his
own eye which caused defective vision.
Yours very truly,
Third"Champions of the organ
ized farmers." Who these champions
are is not stated, but any way itr ap
pears that if a debate be staged the
"champions" are to be there, and the
organized applause would determine
the decision that, if not satisfactory,
would nevertheless have to be used,
as being the best available.
From previous statements of the
Times we feel sure that Senator Mag
nus Johnson would be one of the
"champions," so for the information
of your readers and of the Times, we
submit what may be called some meas
urements of this "champion," accord
ing to the journal of the senate, which
Is the' official record of that body.
There were sixteen bills introduced
in the senate at the last regular ses
sion with which Senator Johnson was
connected, either as author, joint au
thor or sponsor. One of these had no
less than eight names, including that
of Johnson. Three of these bills pro
posed amendments to the constitution,
and proposed such changes as would
provide for experimentation in this
state like that of North Dakota.
What became of the bills?
Four were returned to the author.
Of these four/ two were returned on
Mr. Johnson's own motion, one on mo
tion of Senator Lee, a league senator,
and one on report of the committee so
recommending. Five were indefinitely
postponed on report of committees.
In two instances Johnson was a mem
ber of the committee so reporting.
Four were never heard from after their
introduction. One was to secure ap
propriation for premiums for poultry
associations, and was referred -to the
committee on finance. The writer
does not know/ how1
bill was. He got what he asked for
in this respect difcect from the com
mittee, and had ourNffwn county asso
ciation named in theVommittec bill.
(See laws 1919, p. 570.)Vrw,p received
the third reading and filial passage,
id 505 in and are now chapters\ 283
Such in brief is the\ecord\f the
The Teacher Shortage.
The fac^ that so many teachers
have been transient workers has tend
ed to depress wages in teaching. For
many young women teaching has been
a stop-gap occupation between school
and marriage. The consequent de
pression of wages from this use of
teaching has- in turn Ibd thousands of
young women to seek occupations in
From this situation there follows an
acute shortage of teachers, especially
in the rural schools. The national
educational association reports that a
million children in the United States
are out of school because teachers can
not be founoV for them. And at least
sixty thousand teachers are repotted
unable to meet the meager standards
of the lowest grade teachers certifi
A recent bulletin of the United"
States bureau of education says that
one-half of the rural senool teachers in
a typical middle western state are only
twenty years old or younge*. And yet
to them is committed the education of
nearly sixty per cent of the next gen
eration of American citizens.
But there is evidence that this situa^
tion has reached the climax. Teaching
is no longer a field for transient
workers only, but it has become a
profession with professional ideals and
standards. The gap between gradua
tion and marriage, formerly filled by
teaching, is as easily filled today by a
score of other ocupations.
Girls in towns and cities today find
lucrative and attractive opportunities
in' business and industry that once
they found only in teaching. -These
new fields open to women, by reducing
the supply of transient teachers, will
tend to professionalize education and
to raise the wage of teaching to accord
with its importance and dignity.Min
The patrons on route 1, out' of
Princeton, very liberally remembered
their mail carrier, John Bishop, this
Christmas, and he wishea by this
means to voice his heartfelt thanks
and appreciation. The spirit which
prompted the generousity is a token
of loyalty as well as of help to their
carrier, who is serving them his fif
teenth year. Headed by P. M.- Abra
hamson and A. J. Davis, who collected
and delivered bats, those named be
low each gave a sackaggregating
about 90 bushels:
P. M. Abrahamson, A. J. Davis, Ed.
Anderson, A. Eisner, Renback Bros.,
Wm. Johnson, T. W. Thompson, Emil
Zimple, Lee Shirkey, H. Sager, A.
Nickola, R. Dagenais, A. Abraham
son, J. H. Grow, S. Johnson, A. E.
Grow, E. S. Johnson, K. Kenely, John
E. Johnson, Albert DeJarlais, P. J.
Nelson, Albert Wilhelm, Gust Falk
strom, Louis Robideau, Mrs. Marie
Giibertson, O. C. Erickson, H. C. Stay,
Ed: Saxon, Andrew Larson, P. Podr
tinga, Alfred Abrahamson, O. W.
Bracken, Ed. George, H. Brinkman,
(Gust Erickson,' Wm. Bowerman, Nels
Robideau L. D. Larson. Sgp^^ rj*
There were numerous other gifts cA
money, provisions, etc., by other pa
trons, making in all a magnificent
A Staggering Bill of Costs^^
Strikes, like wars, are expensive.
The country is just beginning to rea
lize the cost in dollars and cents of
the recent coal strike, short though it
was. It is staggering.
'Exact figures are difficult if not im
possible to compile, but an effort at
estimating the financial loss has been
made by W. D. McKinriey, secretary
of tne Southern Ohio coal exchange.
Mr. McXinney figures that the miners
are out in wages as a result of their
strike not less than $60,000,000 the,
railroad loss he places at $40,000,000
while the cost to the mine operators
he sets down at $26,000,000.
Unquestionably the greatest loss of
all was suffered by the public in the
slowing up or stopping of industry
all over the land because of curtailed
transportation facilities and rationed
fuel supply. This injury only can be
guessed at, but it must have been very
great. Nor has all the damage y-it
been done. At the beginning of the
strike, wo are told oy Mrs. McKinriey,
there was a shortage of bituminous
coal amounting to 40,000,000 tons and
this was increased by approximately
1,000,000 tons a day while the mines
were shut down. As a result many
industries during the rest of the win
ter willJbe unable to get all the fuel
There is a lesson in these figures.
Some way must be found to prevent
strikes in key industries, either by
legislation or by arbitration in which
the public, as the party whose interest
is greatest, shall have the deciding
voice.St. Paul Dispatch.
Tried to Make America the Goat.
A merry circle of disclaimers and
accusations has followed the action of
the United States senate in withhold
ing ratification of the peace treaty.
Most interesting, and least acceptable,
to the average American have been
certain rather*self-righteous criticisms
which have come from across the
water. European public men and
newspapers have permitted themselves
a surprising latitude in telling the
American government what it should
have done. The smugness and Phar
isaism of some of the articles and in
terviews cabled to this country would
have been considered offensiver were
they not so amusing.
This air of superiority assumed by
our European neighbors toward Amer
ica with respect to our disposition of
the peace treaty prompts a few perti
nent words. The peace treaty was not
accepted because intriguing statesmen
of Europe so shaped the document to
serve their own ends that it would
have stultified America to write her
nam3 at the bottom of it. Patriotic
senators of both political parties have
considered it necessary to attach to the
treaty a series of reservations safe
guarding America's rights and ideals.
The treaty was killed in Paris and
not in Washington. Europe, by the
treaty, subtly tried to make America
the "goat." Now, to its amazement
and confusion, it finds that America is
still an eaglefree, strong and far
visioned.New York Herald.
Our Soldiers' Graves in France.
Who of us has not thought of those
graves in France The graves of our
dead? Who could portray the sad
ness of the task of bringing back the
forms they hold One can almost see
the lonely ships with their pathetic
freight sailing the silent seas at night.
One of oUr honored vice-presidents,
Miss Georgiana Kendall of New York,
wrote recently to the New York Her
ald a letter touching the subject which
we reproduce'- here. Its appeal to^all
whose blessed dead now sleep in
France could not be more beautiful or
tender.: "To the Editor of the Herald:
"It would be a regrettable mistake
to bring back our soldiers from France
from the'spot whic
sanctifiesh as bles
Where poppies blow
Between the crosses,
Row on row
That mark bur place/
"would not mean very much if that
consecrated soil were despoiled of the
presence of the heroic dead who sleep
"Requiscat in pace! Let them rest
there as an emblem of victory and of
.^yerlastihg peace between those
distant countries and bur own.
"Bird sanctuaries as' wie call them,
are taking forth among us hee-in
the lonely, cemetery, and elsewhere.
i "The gracjbus poet, Vogelweide,
who in his lifetime had found joy and
inspiration from his feathered friends,
Bequeathed when dying a certain sum
that birds, which he had loved in life
should find a safe haven. near his
graye-a bird sanctuary-where their
song should serve as requiemforthe
"When decorative trees are planted
in outfields of honor oyer there, let I
gateway .entrance: the
solemn inscription, "Lafayette', we are
here," would serve as aiSemincter that
bur pledge hadbeett-nobly fulfilled!
"Do not brrag back the dead! Let
our silent army remain there, near
where they fought and' fell, guarding
the peace between our allies and our
selves."Our Dumb Animals.
Y. W. C. A, STUDENTS
TEACHING IN CHINA
Physical Training School Main
tained in Shanghai.
The vast majority of Chinese men
remember their mothers as cripples.
Many a girl wanders into a mission
school who has not had her own feet
bound, "but has never seen a woman
of her own class who could walk, and,
therefore, she walks in a most ungain
ly fashionscarcely conscious of her
The Chinese Medi*al Association
an Association composed only of Chi
nese physicians mostly graduates from
American and English institutipns
have asked the entire educated commu
nity of the country to co-operate in
better heaith for the children of Chi
na. All the Mission Boards operating
In China felt that one of the greatest
contributions the Young Women's
Christian Association could offer to
the health of China would be to es
tablish a normal school for the train
ing of physical directors.
Accordingly, in Shanghai, which is
the greatest port in China, the nation
al committee established such a school
In 1914. The school has won favor
with all educationists, both missionary
and government. There have already
been nine graduates from this school.
Miss Ying Mel Chun, a graduate of
the Weilesley School of Physical Edu
cation, has been dean .of the school.
Graduates of the school are scattered
from Canton to Peking, teaching with
conspicuous success in twelve mission
and government schools.
JAPANESE DOCTOR 13 Y. W. C. A.'
:/,,P Tomtf Inouye of Tokyo, Japan,
treasurer of the National Committee- of
the Young Women's Christian Asso
ciation in Japan. Dr. Inouye has been
Or. Tomb Indiiye Of Tokyo, Japan, a
delegate to the -six-week International
Conference of Women Physicians
called by the Y. W. C. A.
particularly interested in the public
health and recreational plans of her
city for some time and js medical
inspector for girls in the public schools
of Tokyo, as also. In several private
schools in the city. There are ap
proximately 500 women physicians in
Japan now, she says, and 400 women
medical students. Dr. Inouye was the
only delegate from japan to the Y. W.
C. A. International Conference Of Wo
men Physicians, in session during Sep
tember and October.
FINE WORK NOT RECOGNIZED
Literary World Was'Slow to Discover
a Masterpiece in Translation of.
The appearance in the auction room
of one of the most remarkable col
lections of editions of Omar Khayyam
naturally recalls the early history of
the famous Rubaiyat, that might so
easily have missed finding its remark
able position In the .world of books.
When Fitzgerald translated the Per
sian poet, Bernard Quaritch probably
had deep regrets that he had elected
to publish it.
One may believe that it was with
no feeling of pride as a publisher that
he marked down the first edition and
left it for sbmebody to discover in his
"two-penny box" where economical
book'buyers hunted* for bargains. If,
coining out Of the "two-penny box," it
had missed attracting the notice. of
such-connoisseurs of the written word
as Rossetti and Swinburne, the Rubai
yat would very likely have continued
placidly on its way to oblivion.
No other book ever,started from a
J'two^penny box" on a.journey in the
worid of letters that eventually ind
cluded so many of such varied edi^n
tions yet it marye lileyquestioned wheth
er it was hot the phraseology :of the
translatotr rather than the thought of
r-i/r 4 v
us, select those which .virill invite' the kept it going.
sweet songsters -to gather thereabout
at nesting timetrees which will pro
vide their wonted food in winter and
Biddy's Reasoning., \\-J"'''-
MistressI'm afraid my poor, dar
ling, little Tbpsy yritt never recover.
Do you' know/ Bridget, I think the
kindest thing would- be to haje her
chloroformed and put out of her mis
BridgetI wouldn't (jo that,, mum.
Sure, she might gefbte* *$* *tf.
an* then ye'd be sorry ye had her WW
d.Boston Evening Transcript v.
has always been to keep the assets of our
institution thoroughly liquid. Our mem
bership in the Federal Reserve System
accomplishes this aim to a degree previously
impossible. In the Federal Reserve Bank
we have an unfailing reservoir of cash
obtainable in exchange for commercial
paper which we hold.
First National Bank
WE PAY 5 PEft
When you purchase an article in a
store or create a debt of any kind, it is
assumed on the part of the creditor that
the bill will be paid when presented.
This is the confidence that the creditor
has in the party assuming the debt.
It is both bad for business and bad for
the debtor to betray that confidence.
Prompt payment of bills helps business,
and incidentally establishes a credit
standing in the community for the man or
woman who appreciates the privilege and
convenience.of a charge account.
And, if you pay your bills with a
check drawn on this bank you'll have an
indisputable receipt that the account is
Farm Loans Insurance
Princeton State Bank
Now that it is Kew Year's, why not stop for a moment and "take
stock" of your self? Did you get ahead last year How much mon-
ey did you put in the bank? How much did you waste on extrava-
Then, start this new year right. Bank more money. Making reg-
ular deposits soon piles up money.
:f-.?-". "If jwu haven't a bank accountcame in and open one. __/
ON TIME DEPOSITS.