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Federation Renders Valuable Service
in Organizing Co-operative
UNITS IN 1,200 TOWNSHIPS
Farm Bureau Makes Centralized Dis-
tribution Possible in Record
Time, Committee Told.
St. Paul, Oct. 6.The Minnesota
Farm bureau federation, with units
organized in more than 1,200 town
ships, has enabled farmers of the state
to accomplish in a single summer two
undertakings that normally would
have required years of work, E. B.
Heaton, member of the national dairy
marketing committee of eleven, told
members of the committee in its first
formal hearing, held in St. Paul this
week. The committee of eleven, ap
pointed by the American Farm Bu
reau federation to investigate dairy
marketing and recommend methods of
centralizing and improving the dis
tribution of dairy products, opened its
hearings in Minnesota in order to
study this state's work in co-opera
"State farm bureau federations,"
Mr. Heaton said, "are rendering ser
vice the value of which can hardly be
appreciated, and which is often not
appreciated as it should be by far
mers. Minnesota has one of the newer
farm bureau federations. The far
mers of t.iis state have developed
more co-operative work than any other
state in the country in working out
their marketing problems. The live
stock shipping associations in the state
began to see that it would be a good
thing if they could federate into a
state association and start a livestock
commission firm of their own on the
South St. Paul market. They found
that it would be impossible to build up
this association as quickly as they
wanted to do it, if they undertook it
themselves, so they called on the big
gest service organization in the state,
the Minnesota Farm Bureau federa
tion, and in a few weeks the federa
tion and the new association had de
veloped a statewide organization with
some 275 local shipping associations,
and a total of nearly 40,000 farmers.
The managers of this commission firm
tell me they are handling more than
twice as much stock as their nearest
competitor. This is service worth
i "In Minnesota there are over 600
co-operative creameries. Some of the
leaders among these creameries con
ceived the idea that they could make
great savings for the farmers and
could develop a better product to sell,
if they could have a big statewide as
sociation of these co-operative cream
eries.* Again the farmers turned to
their farm bureau federation and
asked them to develop this creamery
organization. They are working on it
with splendid success. If it had not
been for the finances and the organi
zation of the Minnesota Farm Bureau
federation, permitting it to go ahead
and help do this work, it probably
would have taken a good many years
for the livestock shippers or the cream
ery co-operators to develop the work
of which they have seen the need.
This is not the only work the Min-
nesota federation has done. It has
taken an active part ip legislative mat
ters in which the farmers are inter
ested it has gn, organization depart
ment used to help co-operative mar
keting projects and the county farm
bureaus, and it has a publicity de
partment which is spreading the story
of the farmers' work, not only to the
farmers, but to the people of the cities
MODEL MARKETING SYSTEM.
President Howard to Open Dairy In
vestigation in Minnesota and
Speak at Show.
St. Paul, Oct. 6.The success of
Minnesota farmers in building up a
tremendous dairy industry through
co-operative creameries, and in unit
ing more than 200 creameries, within
six weeks, into a state marketing and
service organization, has attracted the
attention of dairymen throughout the
United States. In recognition of Min
nesota's achievements in co-operative
marketing, James R. Howard, presi
dent of the American Farm Bureau
federation, will open the federation's
national dairy marketing investigation
at headquarters of the Minnesota
Farm Bureau in St. Paul.
The first hearing to be conducted by
the committee of eleven, appointed to
make the investigation, has been set
for 10 a. m., Tuesday, October 11, in
the old capitol. A second hearing will
take place in the convention hall at
the national dairy show, at 10 a. m.,
Wednesday, October 12. It will be de
voted to a study of the twin city milk
producers association, which handles
80 per cent of all the milk supplied
to the twin cities, and to the work of
the Minnesota Co-operative Cream
eries association, inc. These two or
ganizations probably will serve as
models for co-operative associations
to be organized in other states. Mr.
Howard will address the crowd at
tending the dairy show, in the judging
arena, at 2 p. m., the same day.
ProfessorSo, sir, you said that I
was a learned jackass, did you7
FreshieNo, sir, I merely remarked
that you were a burro of information.
Tops Market on Cattle,
The co-operative livestock selling
agency, established on the South St.
Paul market with the backing of the
Minnesota Farm Bureau federation,
has made a record "never before ap
in the history of livestock
marketing by farmers," according to
an official statement sent by the
American Farm Bureau federation to
county farm bureau officers.
The Central Co-operative commis
sion association has handled as high
as 29 per cent of the business on the
market in one day, its figures show.
During its firt seven weeks of busi
ness, it has handled 60,165 head of
stock its nearest competitor handled
24,307 head in the same period, and
the firm doing the next largest busi
ness handled 20,793 head. The asso
ciation has topped the market on cat
tle, selling a carload of 1,100 pound
steers and heifers for $9 a hundred
weight, W. A. McKerrow, manager,
says in a report to local shipping as
"The livestock producer sees an op
portunity of building up their market
ing agency on efficient standards by
assembling a large volume of stock of
various classes, thus giving the buyer
an opportunity to purchase in large
quantities, and making it possible to
supply the outside buyer direct from
No Agreement Yet Reached.
St. Paul, Oct. 6.Organization jgoli
cies of the U. S. Grain Growers, Inc.
and the ralationship of the Minnesota
Farm Bureau federation to the Grain
Growers in organization work in this
state were to be discussed by the di
rectors of the national grain market
ing corporation this week. J. D. Pyle
and Thomas E. Cashman, members of
the executive board of the Minnesota
federation, conferred wuh the Minne
sota directors of the U. S. grain grow
ers on September 26 and 28. The part
to be played by the farm bureau, in
case work of organizing the U. S.
grain growers should be started in
Minnesota, was discus^eU. No deci
sion was reached. Another conference
between Mr. Pyle and Mr. Cashman.
reprsenting the farm bureau, and W.
F. Schilling and J. M. Anderson, rep
resenting the U. S. grain growers,
will take place after the 21 directors
of the grain growers decide what ac
tion to take in Minnesota. No steps
will be taken to organize the U. S.
grain growers in this state until after
such decision is reached.
To Charge Only Fifty Cents.
Admission to the big national dairy
show, to be held at the Minnesota state
fair grounds, October 8 to 15, will be
only 50 cents, according to an official
announcement made -today by W. E.
Skinner, general manager of the na
tional show. Mr. Skinner was prompt
ed to make this announcement because
of inquiries as to whether the price
was to be 75 cents.
"The price of admission to the na
tional dairy show," said Mr. Skinner,
"will be 50 cents, not 75 cents. Fifty
cents always has been the charge, and
no exception is to be made now, the
first time this great exhibition is to
be held in the new dairy kingdom.
There will be no other expenses out
side the 50 cents except for meals and
in case one wishes to have a reserved
seat at the horse show. I desire to
make this clear so that no one who is
thinking of attending the show will be
deterred from coming by fear that a
higher admission fee will be charged."
Sixteen States Enter Dairy Show.
With a number of states still to
hear from, the entry list shows 16
entered in the boys' and girls' cattle
judging contest and the agricultural
students' cattle judging contest at the
national dairy show, which opens next
Saturday at the Minnesota fair
grounds. The boys and girls, all of
whom are members of calf clubs in
their respective states, will compete
for national honors in the ring of the
hippodrome building Saturday morn
ing. Each state team is composed of
three members, who have carried off
the laurels at state fairs. The states
to be represented are Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan,
Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska,
North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania,
South Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin
and Connecticut. The boy or girl
scoring the highest will receive a gold
watch. The other prizes are gold and
The cattle judging contest in which
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students of state agricultural colleges
will compete"will'be held OJJ Monday,
October 10, in the hippodrome arena.
This battle for national honors par
takes of the nature of anew form of
intercollegiate, sport. With each col
legt team comes an aggregation of
"footers" with a cheer leader as at
college football games. The state
represented are: Wisconsin, Kansas,
Michigan, Missouri, Tennessee,' West
Virginia, Kentucky, Iowa, Minnesota,
Nebraska, New York, Indiana, South
Dakota, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Ar
kansas. To the winning college will
be awarded a silver cup. Silver med
als go to individual winners.
Eight states so far have entered
college teams in the dairy products
judging contest, which will be held
Saturday morning at the Booth cold
storage warehouse. The states en
tered to date are Arkansas, Minnesota,
West Virginia, Nebraska, Pennsyl
vania, Ohio, Iowa and South Dakota.
The same kind of trophies awarded to
the student cattle judges will be given
to the winners in this contest. The
announcement of the victors and a dis
play of the winning cheese and butter
will be made Monday- at the fair
The United States government will
have an exhibit .which will be a show
in itself and include an educational
entertainment that will eclipse any
thing Uncle Sam's dairy division has
Back to the State Convention.
The legislature of New York having
restored the state convention as the
lawful means by which political par
ties may nominate their candidates
and declare their principles, the re
publicans of New York have been in
dulging in the unwonted experience of
holding such a gathering.
At the opening session Governor
Nathan Miller and Senator James W.
Wadsworth, who was made temporary
chairman, expressed the satisfaction
that has resulted from this return to
the principles of representative gov
ernment. The governor said:
"Party politics should now reflect
the united wisdom of the party, rather
than the fears or necessities of the
candidates, for the responsibility of
chosen representatives has now been
substituted for mass ii responsibility,
a deliberative assembly for the soap-
The senator said:
"The legislature has shown wisdom
and courage in restoring the state con
vention as the most effective instru-'
ment with which a great political par
ty can present its principles and its
candidates for the consideration of the
electorate. Self-government in its
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The direct primary has been a-good
deal of a failure in New York as ejse
where It ha fostered self-seeking
and ^effiagogisifc. It "has tended to
undermine and destroy responsibility
by limiting party organization, while
at the same time leaking it easier $.or
bosses to rule, ^t has made the choice,
of the beat men in primary and elec
tion increasingly difficult.
The legislature of Minnesota last
winter to6k at least a short step to
ward restoration' of representative
government, when it authorized the
holding of primary state conventions
to recommend party candidates to the
voters in the primary^
One of these days we shall go* the
whole way back and restore party con
ventions as the sole agencies to name
candidates and make platforms, at
least for state and federal places.
The character of these conventions
will be protected Jby the requirement
that delegates thereto shall lie named
in primaries held under the authority
and guardianship of public* officials.
That will prevent the return of the
malodorous caucus rule of the old days,
and insure that the people through
their chosen representatives may con
trol the action of such conventions and
protect themselves from the dictation
of bosses.Minneapolis Journal.
The national conference on unem
ployment is right when it declares
that this is largely a community prob
lem. To a very large extent it is even
TffiS UNIT WALL
an' individual problem the individual
who can, make work for the unem
ployed by taking advantage of the sit
uation to do repairs or construction
instead of waiting for boom times will
be doing proportionately as much to
solve'the problem of unemployment
as Bie national government could do.
The appeal to business men in all
fields to do all they can to get prices
down to a normal level is sound and
timely. Buying will be resumed when
consumers believe that the bottom has
heen reached, and they are surrounded
still by too many signs that the down
ward tendency is being artificially ar
rested. If fair prices stimulate buy
ing, soon there will be jobs for every
The recommendation that" public
works be undertaken wherever prac
ticable is sound, and if it is carried out
it will help a great deal. Especially is
this true in road work, and here con
gress can help by making the federal
appropriation for aid to state road
systems, which will enable the states
to go ahead. If congress will act, Min
nesota alone can employ thousands in
this wayDuluth Herald.
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One Crop Farmers
The day of the one crop farmer is past.
When one certain crop fails or the price is off,
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The Princeton State Bank is urging far
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