Newspaper Page Text
Hepresentatives of National Federa
tion and Railway Commis
sions in Session.
(Farm Bureau News Service.)
Pocketbooks of Minnesota farmers
being protected by the farm bu
reau's traffic experts in a new rail
mad rate case involving $6,000,000 a
C. B. Hutchings, traffic manager of
the American farm bureau federation,
came to Minnesota to confer with rep
resentatives of the state railroad com
missions of nine grain producing
states, and lay plans for combating
attempt by the roads to wipe out
'H*e existing 10 per cent rate differen
tial on course grain. When the inter
state commerce commission last win
ter ordered sweeping reductions in
freight rates on hay, wheat and coarse
'grain, it fixed rates on coarse grain
'ten per cent lower than those on
-wheat. Farm bureau traffic experts
estimate that this ten per cent differ
ence means a saving of at least $6,-
9eOjB0 to American farmers raising
oarse grains. It is this ten per cent?
rate difference which roads now seek
to wipe out.
Representatives of the American
axm Bureau federation and the rail
road commissions of Minnesota, Wis
consin, Iowa, South Dakota, North
Dakota, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska
and Oklahoma met in St. Paul to de
cide just what part each should take
In fighting the rate increase. The
railroads' attempt to raise rates will
Ibe strenuously opposed.
Members of County Farm Bureaus
Urged to Foil Worthless
(Farm Bureau News Service
"Establishment of a farmers' "blue
sky" committee by every county
^arm bureau which has not already
formed such a protective body will be
urged by the state federation in an
official communication to county farm
Inrreau boards, according to informa
tion received here.
A recent decision of the state su
preme court, the warning will say,
lias pulled the teeth out of the state
"""blue sky" law, by exempting actual
^owners of securities from jurisdiction
*f the state securities commission,
declaring that stocks once sold can be
sold again by the purchaser without
the commission's approval, and even
in spite of its disapproval.
In several Minnesota counties, the
farm bureau has maintained a "blue
Sheep Rid Lawn of Dandelions.
The court house lawn in Elbert
county, Colo, like many other lawns,
-was badly infested with dandelions.
Tike county agent suggested killing
them "by pasturizing rather than plow
ing under the sod. According to re
ports received by the United States
department of agriculture, the test
"^WMS approved by the commissioners.
Sufficient hog wire to fence the lawn
-was purchased and two pastures 100
feet long and 30 feet wide were made.
A farmer living near town furnished
six old ewes, which were placed in one
pasture May 14, when the dandelions
were at their best. A week later four
more were added to the flock.
The ewes were changed from one
pasture to the other at one-week in
tervals. They soon had the dandelions
and grass eaten down and kept it
down. They ate blossoms and buds
readily, and the hearts out of the dan
delion plants close to the ground. Bet
ter results would have been obtained
had the sheep been put in earlier, but
the experiment proved quite effective
an ridding the lawn of dandelions.
Fruit Farm Making Great Record.
Much encouragement is being given
to fruit growing in Minnesota by the
investigations conducted at the state
-fruil breeding farm at Zumbro
Heights in the Lake Minnetonka dis
*The farm which contains more than
110 acres was purchased in 1907,"
says Andrew Boss, vice director of the
Minnesota experiment station. "Since
that time a great number of seedlings
of apples, plums, grapes, raspberries
-and strawberries ha\ been developed
and give promise of becoming useful
commercial varieties. Already 26 va
rieties of trees, bush and vine fruits
"liaveTjeen supplied to the members of
the State Horticulture society and by
them made available to farmers and
others desiring them.
"Large numbers of varieties of June
bearing and everbearing strawberries
feave fruited this year. That many of
"them are of excellent quality is attest
"by the members of the experiment
'station staff, who inspected them on
''Hardiness, high yields and good
quality in fruits are the objectives
the investigators. Definite prog
tress is being made toward these ends."
^University Farm Press News.
Freshen Cows in Fall.
The farmers who make it a point to
ifireshen their cows in the fall of the
Tear lcaow how to make money.
*^i sjr^2ar-Ss*.& &$*
sky*' committee, composed of three or
four leading farmers. Farm bureau weeks after seeding, and may continue,
members have been urged to decline
to put any money into securities, oil
lands and leases, or similar promotion
schemes, until the salesman had sub
mitted his proposition to the farm bu
reau "blue sky" committee. Such
committees have issued warnings to
farmers against manifestly unsound
schemes, and in some cases, farm bu
reau officers say, have blocked stock
selling schemes in counties where the
farmers' "blue sky" committee be
lieved the securities offered were
DEFECTIVE PAG E
Six Cows Give 170 Quarts.
The improvement of dairy cows
means a great deal more than in
creased profits to the dairyman. It
means cheaper food and more milk,
the best bone and muscle maker for
children. What this improvement
means is brought out forcibly by a
poster prepared by the United States
department of agriculture and sent
free to interested persons.
An ordinary cow or scrub produces
only enough milk to feed 5 children a
quart a day, while a good cow yields
enough to give 20 children a quart a
day. The supercow, and there are
more and more of them in this class
each year, gives enough milk so that
a small herd of them might supply
this quantity to all the small children
in a small town.
On its farm at Beltsville, Md., the
department has six cows, the result of
its breeding work, that have produced
an average of more than 22,000 pounds
of milk in 365 days. This little herd
of six big producers yields enough
milk to provide 170 children a quart
a day. One of them could supply near
ly 30 children, or six times as many as
the ordnary cow could take care of.
Good breeding first, and good feed
ing second, have made the difference.
Should Plow Barn Lots Each Year.
Hog raisers may accomplish two de
sirable results by plowing up the
barn lots at least once a year, says the
United States department of agricul
ture. In the first place, hogs need
good succulent pasture as much of the
time as possible, and in the second
place they need protection against in
ternal parasites, such as roundworms,
the eggs of which remain in the soil.
Turning over the soil in the lots helps
to get rid of the pests and the crop
of forage makes it a profitable opera
tion. In addition to providing cheap
protein feed, pasture crops aid as a
laxative and require the hogs to take
a certain amount of exercise which is
necessary to breeding animals and
Rye is probably the best crop to use
for fall, winter, and spring pasture for
hogs. Throughout the corn belt it
may be sown from August 20 to about
October 1, depending on the latitude.
In warmer climates the crop may be
put in at various times up to as late
as December. By putting in succes
sive plantings from 2 to 4 weeks apart
it is possible to have fresh pasture all University Farm Press News
the time. Seeding for pasture should
be much heavier than for a grain crop,
from 3 to 4 bushels per acre on good
soil. Pasturing can profoably begin 6
if the rye is not covered with snow,
until the following April
How to Store Cured Meat.
Many different methods of keeping
hams and bacon on the farm for sum
mer are practiced with varying de
grees of success. "In general, hams
and bacons should be kept in a cool,
dry, dark place of uniform tempera
ture and protected from flies, mosqui
toes, skippers and other vermin," says
A. L. Harvey of the university division
of animal husbandry. "The smoke
house has proved to be a satisfactory
store house, provided it has a cement
floor and the ventilators are screened
with a fine mesh wire to prevent en
trance of insects. If it is impossible
to keep the smoke house free from
flies and skippers, borax should be
dusted over the meat.
"If no suitable smoke house is avail
able, the meat should be thoroughly
dried on the surface and then wrapped
in parchment paper, or eld newspa
pers, and muslin (flour sacks will do),
and stored i* any one of the following
"Dolly, I'm glad you
Flakes and fruit for
supper. I'm so fagged
out with the heat
that Kellogg's is the
only food that would
appeal to my appe
tite. It digests so
easily and yet I know
it is nourishing!
Cuess I'll have an
other helping. Those
during the warm
"WhitewashPaint the package
with ordinary whitewash and hang
them in a dark, dry place. Do not let
the pieces touch.
"Stored in grain binWrapped
hams and bacon are buried In grain
bin, care being taken to prevent at
tacks of vermin.
"More or less mold will be found
when theJtteat is removed from stor
age, but it can easily be wiped or
trimmed off and the meat made ready
to cook.University Farm Press
Father and Boy Work Out Plan.
How John Brantwood, a sturdy
farmer, and his 16-year-old son Oscar
began systematic planning of their
farm business immediately after they
had spent a long winter evening and
the following day in taking stock of
the feed on hand, finding they would
be short of hay, corn and oats, is told
in story form by W. L. Cavert of the
division of agricultural extension,
University of Minnesota, in Special
Bulletin No. 59 entitled, "Planning the
The next evening, as the story goes,
father said to son: "Oscar we were a
year late on the figuring why can we
not make a farm plan now and have
next year's operations figured out so
that we will have plenty of feed and
the right kind of feed for our live
Son was willing, even enthusiastic,
and both spent several evenings in
sketching out new field arrangements
and in re-planning the cropping sys
tem and developing a comprehensive
live stock plan. It wasn't work at all,
just fun, and in the end father and the
boy worked out a cropping campaign
that would meet all the requirements
even leave a surplusfor home
raised feeds for their farm animals in
any average year.
Admitting that it is impossible to
have a farm plan which will be as
exact as a bill of materials for a house
or barn, Mr. Brantwood comes to the
reasonable conclusion that ''a care
fully thought out farm plan is a great
improvement over the more or less hit
and miss methods that we have fol
lowed in the past."
Farmer readers of the Princeton
Union will want this interesting little
bulletin. It's free. Order it by num
ber and title of the Office of Publica
tions, University Farm, St. Paul.
Sunday School Problem*.
Bert Fowler, sheriff of Grant coun
ty, has a daughter who teaches a class
of little children in a Marion Sunday
school, relates the Indianapolis News.
Recently the young woman told the
children the Bible story of Noah and
the ark, elaborating as much as she
could on the description of the flood
and the manner in which the animals
made their way into the house of
After she had finished the story she
was amused as well as amazed when
a little boy asked: "But, teacher, who
-nided the thing?"
Japan has now ratified the treaty
relating to Yap thereby ending an in
cident that began something more
than four years ago when President
Wilson tried to remember the name
of Yap and couldn't.Detroit Free
Not Like the A. F. L.
Strange to say, there appears to be
no disposition on the part of the su
preme court to withdraw, or even
modify, its labor decision, despite Mr.
Gompers' violent opposition.Kansas
fl^^'CORN FLAKE S
It's a long step for health and riddance of
summer drowsiness and that sluggish feeling if
you'll all stop eating so much heavy, greasy foods
and let Kellogg's delicious Corn Flakes do your
health a good turn! With cold milk and luscious
fresh fruit, Kellogg's are extra delightfulso
crisp, and appetizing.
Kellogg's Corn Flakes are nourishing and sup
ply all the summer energy you need yet, they
digest easily and actually rest the stomach! On
such a diet you'll feel so much better your mind
will be keener and you'll accomplish a lot more
workand help yourself keep
cool and snappy and cheerful!
Be certain to buy Kellogg's
Corn Flakes in the RED and
GREEN package bearing the sig
nature of W. K. Kellogg, origi
nator of Corn Flakes. None are
genuine without it.
Also makers of KELLOGG'S KRUMBLES and KELLOGG'S BRAN, cooked and kramUed
Washington Specimen Uses the Street
Car as His Particular Means
Now that spring is here, it may In
terest bird lovers to know that at
least one bird has solved the problem
of transportation without the use of
Birds are famous for their migra
tions, but hitherto they always have
used wing power. Now comes along
one local bird who gets himself from
place to place with scarcely the flap
of a wing.
This bird came riding down Penn
sylvania avenue about eleven o'clock
one morning last week. He was
perched on the roof of a street car
coming from Georgetown.
When the car stopped at Eleventh
street the bird alighted, and walk id
gravely up and down the platform.
He was a fine, big fellow, with a black
body and a blue head, but did not look
like a blackbird.
After surveying the post office de
partment for a bit, the bird flew~over
to a car about to leave for Mount Ver
non, and established himself on the
When the car pulled out, the bird
was with it.Washington Star.
The World's Greatest Dam.
Plans have been made to build a
dam on the Colorado river which will
hold back a volume of water equal to
two years' flow of the entire 1,800
miles of rushing river. The dam is
to be 700 feet high, approximately
the height of the Woolworth building
in New York city. The dam will form
a reservoir with an area of 200 square
miles and an average depth of 350
feet. This body of water will consti
tute the largest artificial lake in the
world. One western railroad system
is already planning to operate a fleet
of steamers to carry tourists over this
man-made lake to the Grand canyon,
the wonder spot of America. The
Panama canal is the only undertak
ing ever attempted in America which
may he compared in magnitude or
boldness of conception to this en
gineering project, which will trans
form an empire of waste into a re
gion of productivity.World's Work.
Robin Gets the Worm.
Robins are growing fat on worms in
The grass there must be literally
alive with worms, for no robin seems
to have any difficulty whatever In pick
ing up the best kind of living.
You will see one of the birds hop
along, then suddenly reach down.
He begins to pull.
Up comes his head with a worm
dangling to his beak, one end of the
worm held tenaciously by the robin,
the other clinging fast to mother
Bracing himself the bird throws his
entire weight In one final heave. He
then consumes half the worm, and
flies away with the., remainder
The performance does not strike
one as cruel, for both bird and woim
are operating under the laws of na
Why John Leaves The Farm.
Many speeches have been given why
John leaves the home farm, but no
one call tell why, quite so well as the
Over in Wisconsin three years ago
a calf club was organized in Winne
bago county. Several meetings had
been held when one evening one of the
club members was asked to recite. His
teacher said the boy had composed the
poem himself, and this is what he
gave: Johnnie bought himself a pig with
money he had earned,
He named her Nell and fed her well
and lots of tricks she learned,
But Nellie grew to be a hog and finer
there were few,
Then father up and sold the hogand
kept the money, too.
Next, Johnnie got a little calf in pay
for hoeing corn,
He loved that calf, the calf loved him,
as sure as you are born,
But calfie grew up to be a cow as all
good calfies do
Then father up and sold that cow
and kept the money, too.
Now, Johnnie loved his little pets, but
father loved the pelf,
So Johnnie left the old home farm and
struck out for himself,
Said Johnnie's pa, one summer day,
"I often wonder why
"These kids don't seem to like the
farm, the city is their cry.
"It always will be strange to me,"
continued Johnnie's pa,
"It only goes to show, though, how
ungrateful these kids are."
When Johnnie heard what pa had said,
he gave a bitter laugh,
And thought about those childhood
days and of that pig and calf.
Many a household head today is con
fronting the problem of whether to
buy a new suit or new tiresand com
promising by mending the tires and
wearing the old suit.National Re
Set Now Only
Bay this Ggarette and Save Money
(Regular Price $2.90)
This durable 4-piece Mirro Aluminum Preserving Set
(10-Quart Kettle, funnel, measuring cup and ladle)
will last you for many a season. It is convenient to
handle, sanitary, rustproof, and economical. The
special sale price of $1.98 represents a considerable
saving over the regular price of $2.90.
The Mirro 10-Quart Kettle is a handy all-'round
kitchen utensil. It can be used, like any other kettle,
for the everyday preparation of mealsfor making
soup, boiling potatoes, meat and for similar purposes.
And you will find many uses for the measuring cup,
funnel and ladle, besides their convenience during
the preserving season.
Like all Mirro utensils, the articles in this preserving
set are made from pure, thick sheet aluminum, cold
roled, again and again under heavy pressure, in Mirro
mills. This process gives Mirro Aluminum the dense,
hard grain which has made it famous for its wearing
qualities. Every woman can afford to use Mirro utensils. Their
first cost is moderate and ther long years of service
give you the utmost in utensil economy.
This assortment of fine utensils in our Mirro
Aluminum display includes coffee pots, per
colators, tea kettles, sauce pans, double
boilers, fry pans, roasters and other articles
in colonial and plain designs.
Evens Hardware Co.
The Merits of a Bank
When you choose, your bank you expect:
Safety for your deposits.
Certainty of accommodation.
Courteous and efficient handling of
your banking transactions.
membership in the Federal Reserve System, with the
privilege it gives of converting our commercial paper into
cash, insures safety for your deposits, and certainty of
all merited accommodation. The personnel of our directors,
officers and staff is your guaranty of courteous and efficient
attention to your needs.
First Nationa Bank
Ggjtout of the treadmill
SOME MEN FIND THEIR DAILY WORK A "GRIND."
THAT IS BECAUSE THEY SPEND ALL THEY MAKE AND
ARE CONSTANTLY WORRIED FOR FEAR THEY WILL BE
THE MAN WHO PUTS PART OF HIS EARNINGS INTO
THE BANK REGULARLY, IS HAPPY AND DOES BETTER
WORK BECAUSE HE IS FREE FROM WORRY.
COME IN AND OPEN YOUR BANK ACCOUNT TODAY.
YOU WILL RECEIVE 5 PER CENT INTEREST.
SECURITY STATE BANK
Smith's Meat Market
We furnish the best of everything in fresh and salt
MEATS, POULTRY, FISH, ETC.
Prices the lowest compared with quality.
We buy Cattle and Hogs and pay
highest market prices.
The old-established Meat Market on' Main Street.
they have more than a receipt
in payment of an account.
Wherever their checks go,
they tell those who read, that
these women are caring for their
affairs in a business-like manner.
We are always pleased to give
information and advice to those
women who wish guidance
their financial affairs.
STA TE BANK
5% Interest Paid on Certificates of Deposit
FARM LOANS INSURANCE
J^ V^mW^?}*r f^H