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CTTERED AT POSTOFFJGE AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER
The Louisvillle Courier-Journal of the
15th inst., has a long article under the
heading: "Negro Progress Under "White
Rule," the tiend of whi ch is to show the
great advantages whi ch have occurred
to the 170,000 Colored inhabitants of the
island of Barbadoes, by being governed
by the 20,000 white inhabitants. The
Courier-Journal like a number of South-
ern journals is very much alarmed over
the prospect of the Colored men who
are in the majority in several Southern
state voting themselves into power, and
endeavo rs to inculcate the idea that
Colored men will have their conditions
betteied by being the subordinates of
whites, than by being their own masters.
I the ai tide referred to the Courier-
Journal says: "When the Negroes of
Barbadoes were Ireed the local govern-
ment of that island did not pass into the
hands of the Colored people, although
they formed nine-tenths oft he popula-
tion. They were not taught that
they should be supreme simply be
cause they -were mo re numerous
There were no white demagogues
to instill dangerous principles into
their minds, and tell them that
they could leap at once from the ignor-
an ce and superstition of slavery into
the civilization and enlightenment ac-
quired by the Caucasian only after cen-
turies devoted to the repression of the
animal and cultivation of the mental and
intellectual instincts. They seemed to
understand that their time to rule
would come when education had fitted
them for such important purposes, how-
ever distant that day might be
Since 1834, the two classes of popula-
tion inhabiting the island of Barbadoes
have dwelled together in the greatest
harmony. When they were freed, the
Colored people went to work, following
those avocations for which they were
best fitted. They were employed in
great numbers on the plantations, and
others went to the towns, and labored
in the warehouses and along the whar-
ves." The situation in the island of
Barbadoes and the "New South" are not
analagous. The majority of the poor
whites in the South are as ignoraut as
the masses of tb Colored people and
the Colored men who usually aspire to
oflice, are as well qualified to hold them
as their white opponents. W would
respectfully call the attention of the
Courior-Journal to the deploiable fact
that the avenues whi ch are open to th
Colored man whereby he may gain
fame and fortune, are very few. Trades
unions, and piejudice keep him from
learning trades and from being engaged
in thousands of different occupations
followed only by the whites, because no
Colored man need apply. The more in-
telligent members of the race, who are
fitted for more exalted positions than
mere hewers of wood and drawers of
water, are, in consequence of havingjall
other avenues closed to them, forced to
enter politics in the hope of earning
their bread and butter. Whv there is
not one Colored bank, dry goods, drug
store, railroad or any other sort of mer-
cantile clerk in Louisville, which con-
tains over 200,000 inhabitants 34,000 of
which are Colored. There are not half
a dozen Colored boys learning trades
and only in departments of the national
government and the public schools afo
^Colored men thought fit to hold any but I
the lowest menial positions. What is
true of Louisville is true of the South
generally, and the Colored men, crowded
out in all the peaceful avocations of life,
have nothing left but to embark on the
turbulent and stormy sea of politics. I
the whites of the South fear Colored
rule let them open their stores, fac-
tories, machine shops etc.,* and hire
Colored men and boys as readily as they
do white ones, and there will be no fear
of any trouble with them. Whether
he dominant race in America choses to
admit it or not the Colored-Americans
by right of birth are entitled to every
right vouchsafed themselve s. Patience
and long suffering are hereditary char-
acteristics of the Colored people of
America, but they are here to stay and
they will strenuously oppose every
effort to make their condition worse than
it is. If the whites consider the Col-
ored people bad citizens, they should give
them eve ry chance to grow better. I
took them many centuries to reach their
present boasted plane of civilization, be
cause they had no teachers, but, under
their tutorship, we may reach the same
plane by a much shorter road. They
were not satisfied to be serfs and slaves
neither are wethe would not be satis-
fied with wh at they now give us neither
are we. When they learn to treat us in
every particular as they would wish to
be treated themselves, that instant the
"Negro problem" will be solved.
That all the fools are not dead is too
cleaily proven by the recent speech of
Henry W Flournoy, at Richmond, Va.
Thursday night, the 14th instant.
Flournoy, who is secretary of the Com-
monwealth for Virginia, addressed the
Powhatan, Richmond's crack Demo-
ciatic club, when he said he thought the
solution of the Negro Problem would be
he final disfranchisement of the Colored
man. "With regard to the approaching
canvass in the old Dominion, the same
high authoiity says the race question
should overshadow every other. I the
light of such addresses as the above,
those, who are most inclined to doubt,
must believe that Hon. J. Langston
told the simple truth, when he said he
had been elected to congress from the
Petersburg district, and that the Harri-
son and Morton electors had received a
majority oft he votes in Virginia. Men
of the Flournoy stripe would steal the
earth, and that with divine approba-
tion, if they thought the Colored man
was a force to be considered in the theft.
The well arranged and highly credit-
able Industrial Da is induced to pub-
lish a leading eJitorial on Langston's
$15,000, in a recent issue, by a statement
made by the excellent New Yoik Age
W have this to sav to the editors of the
New York Age and the Industrial Da
that our ario ws should be directed
against the common enemv, and in
favor of our own friends and our own
race. Mr. Langston was fairly elected
to Congress in the November election
and he should be seated because he was
elected. A to Mr. Langston personally,
it is but just to state that the Colored
people of America, and our white fellow
citizens, generally, will be proud of the
kind of congressman John Langston
The Atlanta Constitution contrasts
Northern and Southern benefactions for
educational purposes. Within a certain
period private donations to schools and
colleges in the North go over $26,000,000.
I the same time in the South barely
$300,000. More money has been spent by
Northe rn men for collegiate education
for Negroes in Atlanta than any six
Southern states have given foi collegiate
education to white boys. The Northern
Methodist church alone is spending more
money in the South for higher educa-
tion than all the Southern states com-
bined give to their colleges.
Harrison is making haste slowly in
making his appointments. What the
Colored people in the South want, es
pecially, are rights of citizenship. W
feel certain that the leading Colored
men and many of our young men will be
given places of honor and profit under
this administration. The question,
which will rise, in spite of us is: Will a
man, in the South be protected in tb
enjoyment of privileges vouchsafed by
the Constitution, because he happens
to be Colored and a Republican? W
shall soon see what we do see in this
When a Colored man criminally as
saults a white woman, or is accused
doing so the accused is always held up
by the white press as a big, burly brute,
a black villain, a fiend. A few hours
later, or, days at most, an account will
be given of the lynching of he accused,
his body being horribly mutilated. W
would like to know what those things
are, who do he lynching?-We would like
to know whi ch is worse, to do without he
willing consent of a woman, what others
are hourly, willingly submitting to, or to
take the life of a human being?
The Richmond, (Va.) Dispatch states
that "Negroes are no mo re fit to be
voters than are white boys of 10 years of,
age." I view of such statements, what
wonder that Colored candidates rarely
or never secure the office to which they
are fairly elected. I is to be hoped,
also, that when the congressional con-
tests come up the above utterance and
similar ores, made by leading Southern
persons and papers, will be given their
Pilgrim Baptist Church.
Mention was made in last week's issue
of our services for the Sabbath, and we
feel assured that THE APPE AL must fall
into the hands of most oft he congrega
tion. I one would judge from the
goodly number found at our church
whenever its doors are open.
Sunday was a busy day for Elder Sheafe.
he morning service was well attended
the serm on found lodgment in many
hearts. Elder Sheafe's class in Sunday School is
growing both in interest and number.
he invitation given and accepted to
preach the annual sermon of 'Mars
Lodge,' was not in vain. The members
of the lodge assembled at their rendez
vous, and at the appointed time started
for Pilgrim church. They were escorted
by the Eureka band which filled the
air with music. A a quarter of four all
were comfortably seated in the already
well filled church. Mrs Wilson
and friends rendered some truly good
music from our choir loft. The Eld er
read a portion of the 20 chapter of 1st.
Sam., taking for his text 13-16 verses of
that chapter. Subject, "Th Three
Links." Those who heard and are
:apable of judging, can best tell whether
he did justice to the lodge and the
church of God as well. tried lo point
out both sides of the Order, the good
and the evil sides. Every body was sat
is tied. The Lodge gave honors to the
Elder, and took up a collection among
themselves amounting to $10.45 which
they presented to the Elder. To the
latter this was intended a burprise.
The congregation then came forward
and laid upon the table $10.80 for the
church. After the benediction the con
giegation remained standing, while the
honored sons of Mais Ladge maiched
Our Young People's meeting was in
charge of Mrs. J. Smith. Th attend
ance and interest were good. A 8
o'clock the chuich was again filled with
hungry expectant hearers and doers of
he word, who were ably fed from the
text "Never man spoke like this man."
Let every one come to our sei vices.
You will receive a hearty welcome from
pastor and members.
The funeral serm on of little Gracie
Beard, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Beard,
was preached on monday at 2:30 o'clock
by Elder Sheafe. Her stay on earth was
short, she being just eight weeks old.
Don't forget the good times to be had
at the literary Monday evoning.
A E Church Notes.
After an absence of two weeks, Rev
J. Henderson is back again with his
flock. he warm greetings exchanged
between pastor and people shows how
close is the affections formed between
those who labor together for the Lord.
The pastor suiely loves and is proud of
his church and its noble, warm hearted
members, while they seem to honor and
love the pastor whose labors have been
The attendance both morning and
evening was large. St. James Church is
very much like Dr. Grimke's Church of
Rev. Henderson said "people in the
east were very much suprised when I
told them that we did not permit our
collections and money rallies to infer
fere with our religious services, that we
had no wispering during the houis of
worship, and I never told funny things
from the pulpit in order to get a good
Many eastern folks think that the
west is full of wild, uncultured people
it would do them good to spent a Sunday
her e. Many of the churches in the east
are so deeply in debt that putting money
them is like throwing it into he sea."
To-morrow is quarterly meeting.
Services in morning and at night as
usual, and the Sacramental Services in
the afternoon at 3 o'clock.
Rev. Knight and others will be pres
ent. Rev. Knight preached a wonder
ful serm on on the occasion of his last
visit and all are anxious to hear him
again. is one of the most logical ser
monizers of the West.
Brother R. Taylor, was placed in
charge during the pastor's absence and
attended to affairs in a very creditable
manner. has already manifested
splendid ability as a speaker.
Mrs. Williams, the organist was sick at
night, bat Mr Wilson assumed her
Special services^the first Sunday of
Apiil, the pastor will hereafter give par
ticular attention to he evening sermons.
he body of a Colored woman Char
lotte Celestine, aged twenty-three, was
found one morning last week on the
sidewalk of Carrollton, La., with a bul
let hole through her heart. A sister at
sight of the body was so overcome with
grief that she attempted suicide by
drowning but was rescued. There is no
clue to the assassin.
Dr. Rawlins, of Sandersvile, Ga., was
called to visit an aged Colored man.
An old woma n, who was waiting upon
the man proved to be his mother.
When the doctor asked the woman,
who was eighty-five, how she was feel
ing, she replied: "I'm purty well, but
my mother is getting rather feeble how."
A Colored man was convicted of rob
bery at Walker, Ga., the other day on
very circumstantial evidence. stuck
his hand through a windo w, and
woman lit a match and. looked at it.
She examined a man's nand in court
and declared that it was the same that
had been thrust into her room.
William Buffalo, a Colored lad, of Nor
folk. Va. aged six years, has been ar
rested on a charge of murdering Bed
dick Parrison, ten years of age.
Among the social happenings of last
week was a little surprise party tender ed
by Mrs. C. Morgan to W Mor
gan at his residence 3148 Butterfield,
Fxiday eve. 15th inst. Among those
present were: Mrs. Mason, Miss
Bettie Wooden, Miss A Bland, Misses
Cora and Alice Trevan. Mrs. C. Green,
Mrs. Bell, Miss Newsome, Mrs.
Nelson, Mrs. C. Morgan. Messrs. F.
Newsome, W L. Edwards, J. Craig,
L. Nelson, I. Brown, W W. Brad
shaw, Jas. Allen, Jas. Carlisle, Mr.
Mason and THE APPEA L. Refreshments
were served and dancing follow sd.
Porter's and Janitor's Union.
The inaugural reception of the Porters
and Janitors Union, No 1, at Central
Hall last Mond ay evening was an ex
tremely enjoyable occasion to the laigc
crowd in .attendance. Addresses were
made by Mr O. Nail, Mr. Smith,
Mr. Sol Taylor, Hon. Alex Clark, Hon.
J. W E Thomas solo by Mrs. E
Davenport, Mr. J. C. Williams was
grand master of ceremonies and per
formed his part to the satisfaction of all.
After the exercises dancing commence d,
and continued until early morn. The
objects of the organization are good, and
the members of the order are to bo con
gratulated upon the auspicious begin
ning of its career.
Olive Leaf Literary.
The Olive Leaf Literary and Social
Club of the North Side met at the resi
dence of Mrs. J. Allen 357 Rush street,
Saturday evening, March 16th. A de
lightful programme was produced by
the following members of the club:
Solo, "Night Birds Cooing," Mrs.
Marshall address, Mr. G. W Muggage
trio "Come Disconsolate," Miss Over
street, Mrs. J. Allen, Mr. Z. Sanders
recitation, Mr Z. T. Sanders solo,
"Jesus Lever of Soul." Mrs. Allen
solo, "Search Thro' the W7ide
Mrs. S. Askins solo, "Come Buy
Floweis," Mrs. Overstreet. A ele
gant repast was then served by the
hostess. Each and every one enjoying
themselves to the uttermost. The
happy band then dispersed to their
homes to meet tb following Saturday
evening, March 23d, at Mrs. Irene
Akeis, 154 Chicago ave. A programme
has been arranged forth evening. All
persons wishing to join please send ap
plications to Mrs. S. Askins 102 Lairabes
tfreet. Visitors are allowed.
Concert a Bethesda.
Monday evening March 11th, was the
instance of a fine concert rendered by
the young talent of Bethesda Sunday
School. Among other talent special
mention must be made of the singing of
Mrs. Waiwick, a Colored lady of merit.
Her voic at times is compaiable to that
of a mocking bird and at others to a
flute. Her tanging was undoubtedly
meritable and full of swei tness. Mes
dames Thompsen and Sayles Misses
Mamie Hodjes, and Etta Cooper and
Messrs. Owens and Henderson together
with Mr. Willie Anderson as president
of the evening, entertained the laige
A Birthday Dinner.
The Seventeenth day of March is al
ways a great day in this country and tb
Irish-Americans have a great time cele
brating it. But there have been other
people born on the 17th of March be
sides St. Patrick and among the m,
there are few who possess mo re of the
charms that grace womanhood, than
Miss Mary Virginia Maxwell, who first
open ed her gloriously, beautiful eyes
upon this world on that dav in 1869. So,
while the city of Chicago was resound
ing with the music of the wearers the
green, Miss Maxwell was celebrating
the 20th anniversary of her birthday at
her residence No. 2902 Butterfield street.
There were no bands of music, no rega
lias, no set speeches, only a delightful
dinner. The dinner was gotten up in
highest style oft he culinary art by Mr.
Joseph Hughes, the caterer forth oc
casion. The table glittered with rare
cut glass, china and silvei and the air
was redolent with he exquisite perfume
of the cut flower decorations. The
places of the guests were designated by
beautifully engraved caids attached to
exquisite little boutonaires by ribbons
and were as follows: Mr. J. Q. Adams,
Miss Bertha Grant, Mr R. C.Davis,
Miss Frankie Woodward, Mr.,P. R. De
laney, Mr W Cummins, Miss
Mamie Maxwell, Mr. Will Wright, Miss
Hattie Smith, Mr Chas. Jordan. The
menu was as follows: Baked shad, py
quant sauce Parisiennepotatoes Chow
chow, Cold slaw, Celery Forms of roast
turkey, English filling Cranberry sauce
Claret Cobler Mashed potatoes, French
Peas, Sugar corn Chicken saled in cases
a la Mayonnaise N eapolitan cream, Lem
on ice Chocolate eclayers, Cocoanut
kisses, strawberry bricks, Sponge drops,
Jelly tarts, Angels food slices Oranges,
Apples, Bananas Vienna sticks, Coffee.
he Angels food slices were served as
souvenirs and were decorated with icing
and raised letters as follows: 1869. I
honor of M. 3-17-1889. The en
tire affair was one of the most recherche
which has taken plaae this year. The
guests departed about 7 wishing
the charming hostess many hap py re
turns of the day.
Garden City Literary.
The Garden City Literary and Social
Club, held its^election of officers Thurs
day evening 14th inst. at the residence
of Mrs Henry Pulpress6U4 Hastings
street. The club now numbers 38
twenty members having been added
since its organization two years ago at
whi ch time it composed 18. Mr J.
Neal was unanimously elected president,
Mrs. A Moody was made vice president.
M. I Vena Secretary, Mr. Richard
son corresponding secretary, Mrs A
Watkins treasurer, Miss R. Smith critic
and music director. The officers were
then installed by Mr. R. Watkins.
The Colored emigration from Nor th
Carolina is so extensive that many large
plantations are almost deserted and the
farmers are greatly embarrassed.
THE BOY OF IT.
In this enlightened A boy
MustC A lot of fun
Inventions for him 2 N joy
1 dcrfully done.
His pockets, never T, holu
A brlc-a-brao A
Of curi T's untold
And mostly in
In must ass'st his dad
He has no N G,
But, when he helps N A bor's lad,
He works with C.
Sweet things to E will onjoy,
Like know, and pie,
The stuff that goes in N E no}
Would E make us die.
He hates to wash his face & &'s,
Though dirty to S,
But when a swept commands
How he'll in dress.
To A sleepy boy for school
Is awful to S A,
To go a-flshmg N A pool
He's up B4the day.
On thinnest IC loves to skate,
In water dives,
In goes in dangers great
And, as C, survives.
In never lets you rest
He'll right away
And then to tries his best
With noise you can't L. A.
At his young A must enthuse
Or Li can not grow
His youthful spirits we Q's
We used 2 just so.
But in the N will repay
All trouble & pense,
So let him chance to play
4 his cares commence.
H. C. Dodge, in Goodall'b a.
COMETS AND METEORS.
A Pew Pacts About These Ce
Plausible Theory of Schlaparelli, the Milan
Astronomer, Respecting the Rela
tionship Between Comets, Me
teors and Nebulae.
There are few persons who have not
witnessed the striking phenomena ol
the so-called "shooting-stars." They
are visible any cloar night, and with
a little patient observation several
may be seen duri ng an evening. Flash
out in various quarters of the
heavens, they are seen to dart across
the sky, with motions more or less
rapid and with brilliancy more or less
marked, some down towards mother
earth, others across the starry arch,
leaving behind them a phosphorescent
glow generally visible only for a mo
ment. Larger meteors (an the term
afc this stage can only bo used in ex
pressing their size by their light)
often leave behind them a very marked
glow, much like a faint clouc", and
which when the meteor's flight is thus
marked, usually remains suspended in
tho sky for some considerable time.
The writer haw such a mete or on the
night of August 9, 1883, which left in
its path a greenish glow, visible to the
naked eye fully twen ty minutes. Such
occurrences are rare, however, and
few are witnessed in a lifetime. In
stances are on record of meteoric
showers visible in broad daylight, and
well-attested statements have been
made of single meteors of great size
seen to fall in various parts of the
country between sunrise and sunset.
Meteoric showe rs have in numero us
instances been so marvelous that the
fall presented an appearance like that
of a lig ht fall of illuminated snow.
One of the earliest of recorded phe
nomena of this character, and which
is we ll attested, was witnessed by Hum
boldt and Bonpland early on the morn
ing of November 12, 1799, during their
visit to the east coast of Mexico.
Anoth er well-attested statement is that
of Arago, the well-known astronomer,
who on the night of November 12, 1833
(and he re note that both occurred on
he same day of the same month, and
divided by a space of thirty-ejour
years), witness ed such a marvelous
shower that he estimated th at during
his observation of three hours 240,000
visible meteors passed over the
heavens. A rough estimate of the
number of meteors, sufficiently bright
to be seen by th naked eye
under favorable circumstances,
and those invisible owing to
daylight, and whi ch enter the earth's
atmosphere during the space of twen
ty-four hours, is about 7,000,000.
Some well-known scientists, taking
into consideration those which would
be revealed if the eye possessed the
light-grasping power of our larg er
telescopes, increase that number to
about 400,000,000. W often hear of
he falling of "great balls of fire,"
with startling explosions following.
Scientists tell us that the so-called
balls of fire are really compact groups
of small meteors. When such a group
comes within the attraction of the
earth it is drawn rapidly toward her
surface. The encounter with tfcs at
mosphere separates them v.nd at the
same time cortsUiaes the m, producing
no little agitation of the air, and thus
causing the sound. This action of
separation and burni ng would give a
result in some cases much like th at of
a rocket exploding in the air, with
which display all are familiar.
Instances of meteoric bodies falling
to earth are comparatively rare.
enable it to reach the earth the mass
of matter composing a mete or mu st be
of sufficient bulk to prevent complete
dissipation or consumption during its
passage through the atmosphere to he
earth. However, "showers of stones"
are matters of history. On the 26th of
April, 1803, such a shower occurred at
L'Aigie, in Normandy. Tho number
of meteoric stones found within a space
of fourteen square miles was over two
thousand. This fall was accompanied
by "bright, lig ht and loud explo
sions." The height-at which meteo rs
first appe ar visible is a much-disputed
question. Estimates made by well
known observers give results varying
fr om forty to ninety milesth aver
age velocity accorded them being about
twenty-six miles per second, or nearly
half as fast again as th earth travels
around the sun Some meteors, how
ever, have been observed to possess a
velocity of over one hundred miles per
second, or three hundred and sixty
thousand miles per hour! Perhaps
the reader will ask: "Why are the se
bodies burned up?" The answer is
thi s: Suppo se two bodies moving in
spaca with such great velocity
and in independent orbits encounter
what will be the result? A sudden
check of their motion converts th at
&- *& VSsMfeS
motion into heat. This rule applies in
all case3. I the sase of the earth and
the meteors the action is idontical.
The mean rate of motion of the earth
in her orbit is about nineteen mile3
per second. Moving alo ng at this rate
she encounters a cloud of meteors
whose motion is further increased by
he attraction of the greater body.
The cloud of meteors encounters re
sistence in the earth's atmosphere
and the friction produced convorts th
motion into heat so great that the
meteoric bodies are rapidly dissipated.
Of course, some heat is generated in
the earth's atmosphere, as its share of
the encounter, but the relative amount
to the bulk, or quantity, is trifling. I
is stated that the amount of heat ordi
narily developed by the abo ve de
scribed encounter is enough to vapor
ize any known substance almost in
stantly. The fact th at the greater
number of meteors are consumed and
disappear before they reach the earth
i* sufficient evidence that their mass
is smalL Such of these mete
oric visitors as have been
discovered on the surface of the earth
and afterward analyzed show, in ge n
eral, only terrestrial elements. Dis
tinction is made between accidental
meteors" and "meteoric showers."
A relates to the first named, their
visability is common at all times, and
might be called "accidental because
they usually appear in widely different
quarters of the sky and possess widely
different paths. "Meteoric showers"
make their appearance in certain por
tions of the skythat is they appear
to radiate always from some particular
constellation. The se showers always
take place on certain nights of August
and November of every year. It is be
lieved, from the fact that they occur
annually, and that the meteors causing
them rcvohe in orbits at points
reached by her in August and Novem
ber. Further, that these rings of
meteors are of varying thickness at
diflerent points, giving us showers of
varying snlendor. Tho greatest dis
play by tho November meteors takes
place every thirty-three years. The
orbits of the August and November
meteors have been calculated by Lev
erier and others, who dibcov ered the
wonderful relationship between me
teors and comets.
The polariscope shows us that
comets appear to ^hine by reflected
sunlight Schlaparelli, of Milan, es
tablished the identity of the August
meteor shower and comet III. of 1862.
This astronomer's theory of the won
derful relationship existing between
comets, meteo rs and nebulas is worthy
of careful consideration. I is about
as follows: Clouds of meteoiic parti
cles exist and move about through
space. The ir motions may at tom
time bring them within the at
traction of the sun, and the influence
of our powerful luminary transforms
them into comets, and as the paths ol
these clouds ay assume any direction,
they may or may not become visible
to us because of the direction in which
they approach the un as related to
our line of vision. If the path as
sumed bv the comet after leaving the
sun is elliptical the visitor will become
a member of our system. Furthei
possibilities are numerous. Th
cometa ry wanderer consists of a col
lection of individual moving particles
or meteors. The following portion oi
he comet, or tail, may, in the course
of time, lag far behind, and what to
us was once part of a comet may ev#nt
ually become a ring of meteric parti
cles. If any portion of the orbit thus
formed should lie near enough to the
orbit of the earth we can expect, on
reaching that particular point, in our
journey round the sun. to witness the
appearance of a fall or shower of me
teors, and the magnitude of the dis
play would depend on the thickness oi
the meteoric ring at th at place. Lever
ier states that a cosmical cloud entered
our system in January in the year 126,
and by passing too near the plane!
Uranus in its path became traniformed
into an elliptical orbit around the sun.
This orbit, as calculated, agreed with
he calculated orbit of Temple's comet
of 1865, and this latter orbit agrees
with the calculated orbit of the No
vember meteors.Washington Star.
Neat Pin-Cushion Cover.
Take a cushion six inches squaie
and cover the top with dark green
satin eight inches square. Se all
around the edg es of the cover before
attaching to cushion a band of rose
pink satin three inches wide. ut the
right sides of satin together and sew
it in slashes one inch wide and one
and one-half inches deep. Cut the
slashes out with the scissors, turn
them carefully, and then with a needle
and thread tack ea ch slafeh half way
over, diagonall y, showing the pink
satin against the green. Under the
slashes all around put a frill of lace,
and on the upper corners of th slashes
put tiny chenille balls of rose pink
Embroider or paint in the center oi
cover a desi gn of wild roses. Fasten
this cover firmly to the top of the
cushion.Detroit Free Press.
Farming East and West.
The Western farmer, with his
hundreds of acres of new and fertile
soil, looks with contempt upon the
small and often sterile farms that are
to be found in some parts of New En
gland. The owner of a Western farm
of eight hundred acres, nearly all OJ
it under cultivation, who was visiting
in Maine, sent a letter home, in which
he expressed his mind freely as fol
"Here in this country they call tw
acres of ground, six hens and an old
rooster a farm, and half the time one
acre of ground is graveyard. Give me
old Kansas every time."Youth'
Junior Partner"Our travelei
ought to be punished. told one ol
our customers in Croydon that I am
an ignorant fool." Senior Partner"1
shall speak to him without fail, and
insist that no more office-secrets tx
divulged.'' N. Y. dger.
An English judge recently de
fined gentleman as a term which "i
udes anybody who has nothing t(
do and is ovtside oft he workhouse.
STREET CAR HORSES.
Where They Are Bought and How They
Are Patched Up and Worn out*
"I should not have thought it wouli
have paid to work cripples," I remarked
to the driver of a Third avenue car on
which I rode down tov/n a few evenings
Bince. I referred to the near horse's
hind legs, one of which was ornamented
with a huge flannel bandage, while the
other foot seemed in the dim lig ht
Bwoolen to an abnormal size, and to be
parting from the leg at the hock.
"He's not lame," returned the driver
affably. "That's a boot he's goto his
near foot. He' had a quarter crack
and the thrush, too, but he came out of
the hospital a week ago and it don't
seem to trouble him much. This road
don't work no lame horses. Jest as soon
as they show any signs of weakness
they are sent to the hospital and tho
best veterinary surgeons in th country
patches 'em up.
"I suppose the hospital is nearly al
ways well filled," I suggested.
"Why, of course it is, said the
driver. "This work's terrible hard on
a horse, mainly because of these cursed
stones. Our teams don't have very
long trips, and they're not pushed hard
either, but the stones wear 'em out in a
"How long does a horse last at this
work?" I inquired.
"Three years, about,"* was the reply.
"Some of 'em go on for five years with
patching up, but that's the extreme
length of time that they will pull cars.
When they have been about two years
at the work their feet get so sore that
they have to be turned out. The com
pany has a stock farm in the country
where they are taken, their hoofs are
pared, and after running around awhile
on the soft ground they get hard and fit
to co me back to the stones again for a
"Whe re do railroad horses co me
from?" I asked.
"Mostly from the West," said the
diivor, "But they buy horses all over."
"No, there are not many really sound
horses coming into car stables. The
buyer in the West takes a carload ol
horses, and, after picking out a few
good, sound, business horses, selects a
lot of good horses with just some trifle
wrong with them, which call9
"streeters," and sends them on to the
city forth car companies. Then a lot
of horses are picked up cheap because
they have some small ailment or blem
ish which the veterinaries succeed in
curing. They build 'e up as you
might say, as good as sound'uns."
"How are the green young Western
horses broken into car work?" was the
next query, and the driver half sighed
as he replied: "Why, right here in the
cars. Haven't you ever noticed a team
worki ng with a pole in addition to the
traces? W always work a groen horse
with an old one, and the polo keeps
him straight and prevents him kicking
over very bad. Bu it's a tough job
sometimes. Green horses are awful
scared of the elevated road. They'll
keep looking up and staring all around
to find out where the noise comes from,
and sometimes they 11 just stand still
and shiver with fright."
"How long does it take to got them
used to it?"
"Oh, about two weeks. A car horse
ought to be pretty handy at the end ol
that time. It'll take 'em six weeks or
two months to know the bell, but after
that they'll obey the bell quicker than
a green driver. You'll see a new man
fail to put the brake on quick enough
sometimes when the bell rings, but his
horses will stop and the car will run
right up on 'em. Horse3 are quick
enou gh to learn, but I gue ss their daya
are nearly over. Electricity is bound
to do away with them."N. Y. Tele
Now 1 in the Spring of the Year.
During Winter, Nature wisely arranges
that we should live on foods containing
much fat, or, as they are known, hydro
carbons, for the purpose of supplying heat
to the body the chemical operaiion neces
sary to transform fat into heat is the exclu
sive work of the liver, and so during the
tune stated it is constantly congested.
With the approach of warm weather our
diet changes to muscle-producing food, and
the work of the liver is much lessened. In
the majority of cases, however, it is unable
to completely throw off the excess of bile,
but remains congested, causing that lazy,
tired feeling which many have in the Spring
months, when the weather becomes warm.
This is evidence of an unhealthy con
dition, and though people appreciate the
oecessity of an alterative at this period, the
common idea is to take drastic pills and
produce a cathartic effect, only to make
matters worse. The liver must be un
loaded, and its proper action restored be
fore hot weather, if you wish to preserve
health, and if this distinct call of nature is
unheeded serious results will occur.
The blood will become loaded with bile
and hthic acid, and as every drop of vital
fluid passes through the kidneys to be puri
fied, they soon break down and are unable
to carry out the deadly poison. Warner's
Safe Cure and Warner's Safe Pills have
not only a specific action on the kidneys,
but on the liver also.
They thin the thickened bile so that it will
pass out through its ducts, enable the
glands to unload themselves, act as a solv
ent on all biliary acids and a word, fit
these great organs for the season's work,
preventing blood poisoning, inflammation,
abscess, and all affections to which they are
A you value the blessings of health, do
not allow the summer to approach without
giving your system a "general house
cleaning," in tho manner we have indi
4 be forewarned is to be forearmed."
In Mexico it is said that a man can
live and support a family on ten cents
a day but then, as it is about as hard
to raise ten cents in Mexico as it is to
raise the necessary amount required
here, the most of us are content to try
and worry along where we are.Bos
Half Fare Kxeurslon to the South Via the
Another chance to visit the most enter
prising points of the NEW SOUTH. Oar
next Excursion will leave Chicago March
26, 1889, giving choice of routes via either
Louisville, or Indianapolis and Cincinnati
One Pare for the Round Trip. Tickets eood
sixty days. For full particulars, address
L. E Sessions. Trav. Pass. Ag't., Box 881
Minneapolis, Minn., or E O. McCormick.
Gen'L Pass. Ag't., 185 Dearborn st., ChT
cago. (City Ticket Office 73 Clark st.)
careful in using salt on the ground.
Salt will kUl weeds to a certain extent, and
it is also a remedy for some kinds of grubs
in the soil, but salt will kill other plants as
well, and its use may result in a loss ol
some of the garden crops.
TOURIST"Got much stock on
mart bunch on foot, though.*'
cot a ritht-pN8ri