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fortlroestero Publishing Companj
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NO. 76 EAST FIfTH STREET,
BET. CEDAR AND MINNESOTA
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G. F, ADAMS, Manager.
1002 FRANKLIN AVENUE.
W. M. FARMER, Manager.
812 W^ Jefferson Street, Room 8,
H.C. WEEDEN. Manager.
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BTBfiED IT POSTOFFICE IS SECOND-CUSSMATTES
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7,1889.
fREE TRADE MEANS HARD TIMES.
I goes without dispute that the peo
ple of the United Statesfarmers, me
chanics, laborers, and other workers
*re vastly better off than those in simi
lar occupations in other lands, and con
sequently are the best customers in the
werld. This is why they are so cease
lessly importuned to divide their trade
with foreigners, who are unable to else
where find buyers for all they wish to
ell, and to aid Ihem in getting the de
sired hold upon our trade, is the aim of
free traders now working under the
jjuise^f "tarifl reform."
There would be very few workers for
free trade if it was not expected thereby
to increase the sale of foreign products
in this -country hence the lively interest
f foreign manufacturers, and the im
porters and distributors of foreign prod*
nets. Before consenting to let them
have their way, voters will do well to
carefully eount the eost of such a conces
sion. I the first place, we have no
more work than will l&eep our own peo
ple occupied, after allowing them time
for necessary recreation. Increased
aae of goods and wares made in other
countries, will necessarily diminish pur
chase of similar articles made in this
country,and to the extent deprive some
of our people of their present employ
ment. A new business seems likely to
open to engage those thus crowded out
cf enterprises now established, leaving
cat of the ocoount the other thousands
crowding for employment as the result
of our steadily augmenting population,
as legislation operating to breakdown
existing enterprises will tend to dis
courage attempts at establishing new
The few lines of domestic business not
killed outright, under a policy of free
foreign trade could not long remain
profitable to those now -controling
them. They would soon beeome so
crowded that neither proprietors nor
employes could get'from them more
than a scanty living. As the margin of
profit for the one is narrowed, the ten
are of employment for tle other be
comes more uncertain and when the
iree trader's miUenium is ushered in it
will find few in condition to share in its
promised blessings. To the most of
me n, to be out of work is to be out of
money-a condition in which it makes
hut little difference how cheap may be
the prices of artic-lee beyond their reach.
.Of all men these should be the last to
aid in fastening upon the country a
policy dictated by foreigners who seek to
impair its existing prosperity, by taking
from the pockets of the working people
a portion of the wages they now receive,
to pay for competing labor performed
across the sea.
GPV. GORDON'S SPEECH.
(Gov. Godonof Georgia was royally
received by the citizens of Chicago, He
made a speech at Central Music Hall
and about half of it was concerning the
Colored people. Many of his statement*
Are fabrications. For instance, be said
that the "war emancipated the Colored
people from worthless, useless, barba
rianstoa /rea American citizens.,, The
first part of the statement is a malicious
falsehood and unworthy of the man. If
the Colored people were useless why
did Gordon and thousands of other South*
ern slaveholders fight so hard to keep*
possession of these worthless beings? jar, Miss H,, Grey, Minneapolis
At the beginning of the war "Color*
men in good condition were worth 91,500
in gold. They must have been-of some
value or they would not have been
quoted so high.
Gov. Gordon said, "Whe all the facts
are known, this country will not only
approve, but Christendom will applaud
the treatment by the white man of the
Colored people since the war." Th
facts in the case are known but the
North can not, and never will, approve
the outrageous treatment the Golored
people have received at the hands of
the Southern barbarians. Gov.'Gordon
fcas peculiar ideas about kind treatment.
3f whipping and murdering defenceless
men, women, children, baraing of
scitool houses and churches, intimida
tion at the polls or counting at of votes
in making the returns, refusal to allow
the Colored people an equal chance in
the public schools in the relegation of
them t# the "Ji Crow" cars and to
second class accommodations all
places of public resort if this is kind
treatment the Colored people have cer
tainly received their share.
The most horrific occunence which
has befallen the Twin Cities in
years was the burning of the
Tribune building in Minneapolis, last
Saturday night, not so much on account
of the loss of property but on account of
the loss of seven valuable lives thereby,
The terrible calamity has filled every
breast with sorrow. The newspapers of
St. Paul with characteristic generosity
tendered the use of their plants to pa
per* burned out, and extended their
sympathy in a practical manner. The
details of the fire have been given in
the dailies everywhere and the pro
foundest sympathy is felt by the entire
newspaper fraternity in which HE AP
PEAL humbly joins.
President Harrison sent his first mes
sage to congress Tuesday I is a states
men-like document, and gives evidence
of much thought on the multitude of
questions effecting the welfare of the
Nation. W give a condensed form of
the message elsewhere Our readers
naturally feel more interest in that por
tion of the message referring to the Col
ored people. While it is not all we
wished for, what there is of it is good,
so let us be thankful for that.
Congress begun us labors Monday with
the Republicans in the majority. One
of the most serious problems which the
body will have to grapple, is the "race
problem." We hope that a spirit of
Christian fairness will characterize every
action taken thereon.
The ex-president of the Confederate
states died early yesterday morning in
New Orleans. No prominent man has
died within the last century whose
death will cause less sorrow tofcolaige a
number of his fellow being3.
The JamesRoberson Nuptials.
The great event of Thanksgiving day
was the marriage of Mr. Chas. E. Jame
and Miss Celia B. Roberson, daughter
of Mrs. Lucy A. Roberson formerly of
St. Louis. The ceremony occurred at 4
o'clock at the Episcopal church. The
wedding march was begun by Mrs. Car
rie Hubbard Webb, and the bridal par
ty entered the church. The groom and
groomsman, Mr. Richard Ilighdon.com
mg from ihe vestry, awaited the bride
and bridesmaid at the altar, according to
the English custom. The bridesmaid,
Miss Hattie Gibbs, an intimate friend of
the bride and Mr. William Roberson,
followed by the bride on the arm of her
elder brother, Mr. Frank J. Roberson
marched slowly up the aisle. Having
arranged themselves at the altar, the
beautiful Episcopal ceremoney was per
formed by the Rey. W. C. Pope.and the
bridal party filed slowly out of the
church.while the organ paaled forth as
jubilate. The bride wore a long veil and
was handsomely ai rayed in .a cream
China silk train, with hand-painted
front and train. Miss tlattie Gibbs, the
bridesmaid, was very beautifully array
ed in cream albatross, and novelty silk
and Queen Elizabeth collar and V-shap
ed neck. Among the guests present
were several of the bride's old Oberlin
friends and school-mates, namely: Mr.
Chas Mitchell, Misses Hattie and Ida
Gibbs, Mrs. W. Elliott, and others.
There was no reception but the near
relatives and the bridal paity went to
he luture home of the happy couple to
offer congratulations and enjoy a
Thanksgiving dinner together,
presents which were numerous, valua
ble and beautiful, were as follows:
Set china, Mioses Pelazia Thomas, Lu
lu Johnson and Leah Story, St. Louis
large table lamp, \V. Drew Bloom
large marble clock. Prof H. Inge, St.
Louis toilet case, Chas Johnson glove
box and handkerchiefs, Mrs I Hill
and daughter, Chicago set silver tea
spoons., Mrs. A. Bertha, St. Louis
fine table linen, Henry Blaii Alton,
Mo. John Daubin, est. Paul Mn Mattie
Anderson, Frankfort, Ky. after dinner
tea set, Geo. Harrison and Richard Hig
don basket and rocking chair, Geo and
Ed James, brothers of groom set silver
knives and forks. Mr. and Mrs. VV. B.
Elliott silver knives, Mr. and Mrs. T.
R. C.Taylor bronze pit*her, Dr. and
Mrs. Sweeney tilver sugar tpoon Mr.
and Mrs. J. B. French, Chicago Urge
beveled mirror, W. Hunt, Minne
apolis silver pickle diBb, J. FI. West
moreland ti St. Louis ornamented' glass
sugar bowl, butterdish- ijuid cream
pitcher, Miss Nellie Ban^s* Kansas Q\\y+
Mo.jfrpitdish, R. B.^Grey rose scent
dresjsing sacqrje aria Turkish rug, .Mr.
and Mrs. T. H. Lyles towel rack, Mrs.
C. Webb stand. Misses Id a and
Hattie Gibbs silver caater, Jas. Griffin,
Minneapolis oxidised silver crumb tray
and brush, W. Francis scrim tidy, Miss
Ida Webb, Indianapolis scrim and rib
bon, tidy, Miss Florence French i rose
jar Miss Lulu Underwood, Minneapolis
bodspread, Miss Tillie Robtrson hall
dozen damask towels, Misses Minnie
a nd Bessie Farr sachet bag tidy, Mr.
and Mrs. Howardr silk hose, M.ss
Roxborough, Lexington, Ky. silver
table spoons, Thos King brass tea ket
tle and lamp, Jas. Dover pair cut glass
bottles perfume, Mr. aud Mrs. J. II.
White old gold plush and satin photo
graph case, Miss Lulu Griswold lace
handkerchief, Mrs. C. H. Bush mats.
Mrs. McCaun, SnelbvvvHe, 111. pair
fancy pickle dishes, Mrs. Falls. Minne
apolis^ washstand cover, Miss Jennie
Nelson bedspread, Laura Viola Rober
son ibm washstand set, Will Rober
son bedroom set and several articles ef
furniture, Ed. Jamee, father of groom
bridal trousseau, several pieces of furni
ture and household articles, mother and
elder brother of bride set silver spoons,
Mibs Lillie Richby, Duluth brass piano
lamp with silk shade, M. Rodgeis, St.
Louis silver bread platter, V. J. Ilen
dley, St. Louis silver spoon holder, un
known friend suir, Mrs. Emma hn
son, St. Louis 6ilk log cabin quilt, Mrs.
Margaret Harris, St. Louie black dress
and aprons, Mia. Rachel Johnson, St.
Knights of Pythias.
Abraham Lodge, No. 1, K. P., meets
at Odd Fellows hall on Wabasha street
every Thursday night.
C. Crawford, C. C.
W. Gray, K. ofR and S.
A Winter's Tale.
It is in this season that the apprecia
tive estimate a home at its true value
when the cosy sitting room and cheer
ful hearth offer so many inducements in
the way of comforts to the man who has
bravei the cold. Truly, there is no
place more inviting than a cheery home
on a winter's night, when a iellow likes
to put on smoking jacket and slippers
and enjoy life. Every man appreciates
comfort, especially when traveling, and
he can always get it by taking the Saint
Paul & Duluththe Duluth Short Line
which is the best route between the
Twin Cities, Duluth, West Superior,
Stillwater, and other points. A. B.
Plough, General Passenger Agent, St.
Two Trains a Day.
For St. Louis and all Southern and
Southwestern points, via "Tho Burling-
ton." The facilities it offers to the trav
eling public are unrivaled, and the
equipment unequaled. The through
line for St. Louis and the South.
Good to Yourself.
Do you say the world is selfish enough
already, and needs no such advice as
this? Granted still if people are selfish,
why not tell them how to be so to some
purpose? Many people are ignorant of
the good things to be had, unskilful in
avoiding annoyances, and in fact do not
know how to be good to themselves.
At home, we can shun discomfort to a
great extent, because we know our sur
roundings well, but the inexperienced
trayeler has many trials, which he really
need not have had. When you resolve
to take a journey, take a little fore
thought about your route inquire about
the accommodations, the equipment,
the time record, safety, and the treat
ment travelers receive. I oil these
points "The Burlington" excels, and to
be sure of it, buy your tickets over that
line going east, north, south or west.
For full information write to W. J. C.
Kenyon, Gen. Pass. Agent, B. & N.
R. R., St. Paul, Minn., or call on your
Are best reached via "Th Burling-
ton." Double daily train service to St.
Louis, Rock Island, Kansas City, St.
Joseph, and close connections made at
these points with diverging lines. Buy
your tickety over "The Burlington."
A New Deal.
"The Burlington," always desirous to
give its patrons the best service, has put
on another train to St. Louis, making
connection for all Southwestern points.
No other line oflers equal accommoda
When you take "The Burlington" for
all points South and West. The new
trains just placed in service give you the
best and quickest route to Rock Island,
St. Louis, KansasCitv, St. Joseph, Atchi
son, Omaha and Denver.
Elder Bun is much pleased with his
visit to Chicago.
Mrs. Lillie Henderson has gone on a
The visit to the Sunny South.
Rumor says that Miss Grace Burcb
will be married during the holidays.
It will pain many of you readers to
learn of the serious illness of N, Nathans.
Henry Picquette one of the old citi
zens has lately been awarded a pension.
R. C. Ball fell on Thanksgiving day
and received quite a shock which is bad
for one of his years.
Mrs. Anna Kelly is quite devoted to
Kindergarten work and no doubt in the
near future will become a successful
Miss Sallie the pretty niece of Rev.
P. Fossett, has attained such excellence
in her studies in the intermediate school
as to merit the particular praise of her
principal and the favor of her unele,
ffho has latel presented her with a
handsome gold watch.
AFFAIRS OF STATE.
They Are Reviewed at Length by
HIS ANNUA! MESSAGE T& CONGRESS.
Satisfactory ITorelga RelationsThe Sur
plus, Revenues, Tariff. Silver Coinage,
CivU Service, Pensions aud Other
Important Topics Discussed.
WASHINGTON, Dec 4.The following
are the principal points contained mthe
first annual message of President Harri
son to'the Fifty-First Congress:
To th* Senate and JIousi Reprrtentotivesi
i There are lew transactions in the administra
tion ol Government, even temporarily held, in
the confidence of those charged with the con
duct of the puhho business Every step taken
is under the observation of an intelligent and
watchful people. The State ot the Union is
known from day to day and suggestions as to
needed legislation find an earlier voice than that
which speaks in these annual communications
of the President to Congress.
Goodwill and cordiality have characterized
our relations and correspondence with other
governments, and the year just closed leaves
few international questions of importance re
maining unadjusted. No obstacle is believed
to exist that can long postpone the considera
tion and adjustment of the still pending ques
tions upon satisfactory and honorable terms.
The dealings of this Government with other
states have been and always should be marked
by frankness and sincerity, our purposes
avowed and our methods free from intrigue.
The President, referring to the Congress of
repr*ientatives of the North and South
American governments, now session in
Washington, says that tho gathering is a mat
ter of high significance, and the earnest de
liberations ol tho body touching the best
methods of perpetuating and expanding the
existing relations of mutual interest and
friendliness will undoubtedly result in
creased prosperity and to the* mutual good of
all tho countries represented Its recom
mendations will have the cooperation of the
Congress -of the "United States in the
removal of unnecessary barriers to bene
eflcial intercourse between the nations of
America While tho commercial benefits which
it is hoped will follow this conference are
worthy of pursuit, it is believed that the crown
ing benefit will be found in the bettei securities
which may be devised for maintenance of peace
among all American nations, and settlement of
all contentions by methods that a Christian civ
ilization can appiove.
The response to tho invitation extended by
this Government, by the act of Congress of
July 9,1888, to all maritime nations to send rep
resentatives to engage in a conference touch
ing the revision and amendment of the rules
and regulations governing vessels, and to adopt
a uniform system of marine signals, has been
very general and very cordial. Twenty six na
tions are represented in the conference, and the
work has been entered upon with great zeal
and an evident appreciation of its importance.
The co operation of our Congress may also be
relied upon so far as the agreement to be
reached may require legislation to give it effect.
Referring to the fact that all the nations of
the Western hemisphere, with one exception,
send to Washington Envoys Extraordinary and
Ministers Plenipotentiary, while the United
States, on the contrary, sends envoys of a lower
grade to some of our sister republics, the Presi
dent says that in view of our relations with the
states of the American system, our diplomatic
agents in those countries should be of the uni
form rank of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary. The last Congress so elevated
certain missions with happy effect, and he rec
onurends the completion of the reform thus be
gun, with the inclusion also of Hawaii and
Hayii, in view of their relation to the American
system of states. He also recommends the ex
tension of an invitation to Hawaii to send rep
resentatives to the international conference
now in session.
Our relations with China are receiving due at
tention. The failure of the treaty negotiated
under President Cleveland's administration,
relative to the further and more complete re
striction of Chinese labor immigration, leaves
some questions open which should be ap
proached in a wise and just spirit. While our
supreme interests demand the exclusion of a
laboring element which experience has shown
to be incompatible with our social life, all steps
to compass this imperative need should be ao
companied with a recognition of the claim of
those strangers now lawfully among us to hu
mane and just treatment
The present state of affairs with respect to Sa
moa is encouraging The President says the
late conference in Berlin between the repre
sentatives of the United States, Great Britain
and Germany resulted in the conclusion of a
treaty which will be submitted to the Senate
for its approval, and he trusts the efforts made
to adjust the question will be productive of the
permanent establishment of law and order in
Samoa upon the basis of the maintenance of
the nghts and interests of natives
The questions which have arisen during past
years between Great Britain and the United
States are in abeyance or in course of adjust
On the part of the government of the Domin
ion of Canada an effort has been apparent dur
ing the season just ended to administer the
laws and regulations applicable to the fisheries
with as little occasion for friction as was pos
sible, and the temperate representations of this
Government in respect of cases of undue hard
ship or of harsh interpretations have been in
most cases met with measures of transitory re
lief. It is trusted that the attainment of our
Just rigats tinder existing treaties and in virtue
of the concurrent legislation of the two con
tiguous countries will not be long deferred, and
that all existing causes of difference may be
I recommend that provision be made by an in
ternational agreement for visibly marking the
water boundry between the United States and
Canada in the narrow channels that join the
A just and acceptable enlargement of the list
of offenses for which extradition may be claimed
and granted is most desirable between this
country and Great Britain. The territory of
neither should become a secure harbor for the
evil-doers of the other through any avoidable
shortcoming in this regard. A new treaty oh
this subject between the two powers has been
recently negotiated and will soon be laid before
THE NICAKAGUAN CANAL.
In pursuance of the charter granted by Con
gress, and under the terms of its contract with
the Government of Nicaragua, the Inter
Oceanic Canal Company has begun the con
struction of tho important water way between
the two oceans which itq organization contem
plates Grave complications for a time seemed
imminent between the governments of Nic
aragua and Costa Rica, but these have been ad
justedin a friendly manner This Government
has held itself ready to promote in every proper
way the adjustment of all questions that
might present obstacles to the completion of a
work of such transcendent importance to the
commerce of this country, and, indeed, to the
commercial interests of the world.
THE FRENCH EXPOSITION
The traditional good feeling between this
country and the French republic has received
additional testimony in the participation of our
Government and people in the international
exposition held at Paris during the past sum
mer. The success of our exhibition has been
THE ANTI-SIAVERY CONFEUrNCE
This Government has accepted, under proper
reserve as to its policy in foreign territories,
the invitation of the government of Belgium to
take part in an International Congress which
open% at Brussels on the 16th of November, for
the purpose of devising measures to promote
the abolition of the slave trade in Africa, and
to prevent the shipment of slaves by sea. Our
interest in the extinction of this crime against
humanity in the regions where it yet survives
has been increased by the result of emancipa
tion within our own borders.
RELATIONS WITH GERMANY.
With Germany the most cordial relations con
tinue. The questions arising from the return
the empire of Germans naturalized in this
country are considered and disposed of in a
temperate spirit to the entire satisfaction of
THE HAYTIAN REPUBLIC.
It is a source of greatfcatisfaction that the in
ternal disturbances of the Republic of Hayti
are at last happily ended and that an apparent
lystable government has been constituted. It
has been duly recognized by the United States.
RIGHTS OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS
Questions continue to arise in our relation
with several countries in respect to the rights of
naturalized citizens. Especially is this the
case with Prance, Italy, Rus ia and Turkey, and
to a less extent with Switzerland Prom time
to time earnest efforts have been made to regu
late this subject by conventions. An improper
use of naturalization should not be permitted,
but it Is important that those who have been
duly naturalized should everywhere be accord
ed recognition of the rights pertaining to citi
zenship of the country of their adoption.
THF 4RAZTJLLA.M KEVOLUTIOS.
The recem revolt in Brazil in favor ef the es
tablishment of a republican form of government
Is an event of great interest to the United
States Our Minister at Rio de Janeiro was at
once instructedtomaintain friendly diplomatic
relations with the Provisional Government and
the Brazilian representatives at this capital
were instructed by the Provisional Government
to tsontinue their functions. Our friendly inter
course with Brazil has therefore suffered no in
terruption. Our Minister has been further in
structed to extend on the part of this Govern
menta formal and cordial recognition of the
new republic so soon as the majority of the peo
ple of Brazil shall have signified their assent to
its establishment and maintenance.
Within our own borders a general condition of
prosperity prevails. The harvests of the lts
summer were exceptionally abundant and the
trade conditions now prevailing seem to prom
ise a successful season to the merchant and the
manufacturer, and general employment to our
__ OUR FINANCES30,1889,
The repor1tyofa the Secretary of the Treasury
ending June presents
with clearness the fiscal operations of the Gov
ermnent and I avail myself of it to obtain some
facts for usehere. The aggregate receipts from
all sources for the year ,were 8387,050,058,84.
P2yed as follows: Prom customs, 8323,838,-
741.68. From internal revenue, $130,881,513.83.
Prom misceUaneous sources, $32,335,803 S3.
The ordinary expenditures for the same
1881^96^615.60, and total ex-
0ludin 6 the sinkinthe fund were
Th excess of receipts over expenditures was,
Providto tor the sinking fund, $57,470
For the current fiscal year the total revenues,
actual and estimated, are $385,000,000, and the
ordinary expenditures, actual and estimated,
are $893,000 000, making with the sinking fund
a total expenditure of $341,321,116 99, leaving an
estimated surplus of $43,678,883 01.
During the fiscal year there was applied to
the purchase of bonds in addition to those for
the sinking fund $90,456,172 35. and during th6
first quarter of the current year the sum of $37,-
838,937 77, all of which were credited to the
The revenues for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1891, are estimated by the Treasury
Department at $385 000,000, and the expenditures
for the same period, including the sinking fund,
at $341,430,477 70 This shows an estimated sur
plus for that year of $43,569 522 30, which is more
likely to be increased than reduced when the
actual transactions are written up.
The existence of so large an actual and an
ticipated surplus should have the immediate
attention of Congress, with a view to re
ducing the receipts of the Treasury to the
needs of the Government as closely as may be.
The collection of moneys not needed for public
uses imposes an unnecessary burden upon our
people, and the presence of so large a sur
plus in the public vaults is a disturbing ele
ment in the conduct of private busi
ness. It has called into use expedients
for putting it into circulation of very ques
tionable propriety We should not collect
revenue for the purpose of anticipating our
bonds beyond the requiiements of the sinking
fund, but any unappropriated surplus in the
Treasury should be so used, as there is no
other lawful way of returning the money tc
circulation, and the profit realized by the
Government offers a substantial advantage.
The loaning of public funds to tho banks
without interest upon the security of Govern
ment bonds I regard as an unauthorized
and dangei ous expedient It results in a tem
porary and unnatural increase of the banking
capital of favored localities and compels a cau
tious and gradual recall of the deposits to avoid
injury to the commercial interests It is not to
be expected that the banks having these depos
its will sell their bonds to the Treasury so long
as the present highly beneficial arrangement is
continued They now practically get interest
both upon the bonds and their proceeds No
further use should be made of this method of
getting the surplus into circulation, and the de
posits now outstanding should be gradually lth
drawn and applied to the purchase of bonds
It is fortunate that such a use can be made of
the enstmg surplus, and for some time to come
of any casual suiplus that may exist after Con
gress has taken the necessary steps for a educ
tion of the revenue Such legislation should be
promptly but very considerately enacted.
I recommend a revision of our tariff law,
both in its administrative features and in the
schedules The need of the former is generally
conceded, and an agreement upon the evils anc.
inconveniences to be remedied and the best
methods for their correction will probably not
be difficult Uniformity of valuation at all our
ports is essential, and effective measures should
be taken to secure it It is equally desirable
that questions affecting rates and classifica
tions should be promptly decided.
The preparation of anew schedule of customs
duties Is a matter of great delicacy because of
its effect upon the business of the country, of
great difficulty by reason of the wide divergence
of opinion as to the objects that may be pro
moted by such legislation Some disturbance
of business may perhaps result from considera
tion of this subject by Congress, but this tem
porary ill effect will be reduced to a minimum
by prompt action and the assurance which the
country enjoys that any necessary changes
will be so made as not to impair the just and
reasonable protection of our home industries.
The inequalities of the law should be ad
justed, but the protective principle should be
maintained and fairly applied to the products of
our farms as well as our shops. These duties
necessarily have relation to other things be
sides the public revenues. We can not limit
their effects by fixing our eyes on tho public
Treasury alone. They have a direct relation to
home production, to work, to wages and to the
commercial independence of our country, and
the wise and patriotic legislator should enlarge
the field of his vision to include all of these.
The necessary reduction in our public reve
nues can, I am sure, be made without making
the smaller burden more onerous than the
larger by leasonof the disabilities and limita
tions which the process ol induction puts upon
both capital and labor Thefiee list can very
safely be extended by placing thereon articles
that do not offer injurious competition to such
domestic products as our home labor can sup
ply The removal of the internal tax upon to
bacco would relieve an important agricultural
product from a burden which was imposed only
because our revenue from customs duties was
insufficient for the public needs If safe provis
ion ag linst fraud can be devised the removal ol
the tax upon spirits used the aits and in
manufactures would also offer an unobjection
able method of reducing the suriDlus
NAllONAL BANK CIRCULATION
A table presented by the Secretary of Ihe
Tieasury, showing the amount of money of all
kinds in circulation each year from 1878 to the
present time, is of interest. It appears that the
amount of National Bank notes in circulation
has decreased during that period $114,109,729, of
which $37,799,229 is chargeable to the last year.
The withdrawal of bank circulation will neces
sarily continue under existing conditions.
The total amount of money of all kinds in
circulation on March 1, 1878, was $805,793,807.
while on October l, 1889, the total was $1,405,-
018,000. The amount per capita increased about
five dollars during this time
THE SILVER DOLLAR.
The law requiring the purchase by the Treag
ury of $2,000,000 worth of silver bullion each
month to be coined into silver dollars of 418*J
grains has been observed by the department,
but neither the present Secretary, nor any of
his predecessors, has deemed it safe to exercise
the discretion given by law to increase the
monthly purchases to $4,000,000 When the
law was enacted (February 28, 1878), the
price of silver in the market was $1204-10
per ounce, making the bullion value of the dol
lar 93cents. Since that time the price has fallen
as low as 912 cents per ounce, reducing the bull
ion value of the dollar to 70.6 cents. Within the
last few months the market price has some
what advanced, and on the 1st day of Novem
ber last the bullion value of the silver dollar
was 72 cents. The evil anticipations which
have accompanied the coinage and use of the
silver dollar have not been realized.
As a coin it has not had general
use, and the public treasury has
been compelled to store it. But this is mani
festly owing to the fact that its paper repre
sentative is more convenient. The general ao
ceptance and use of the silver certiflcate show
that silver has not been otherwise discredited.
Some favorable conditions have contributed tc
maintain this practical equality in their com
mercial use between the gold and silver dol
lars But some of these are trade conditions
that statutory enactments do not control and
of the continuance of which we can not be cer
I think it is clear that if we should make
coinage of silver at present rates free we must
expect that the difference in bullion values ol
the gold and silver dollars will be taken account
of in commercial transactions and I fear the
same result would follow any considerable in
crease of the present rate of coinage Such a
result would be discreditable to our financial
management and disastrous to all business in
terests. We should not tread the
dangerous edge of such a peril,
and, indeed, nothing more harmful
could happen to the silver interests Any safa
legislation upon this subject must secure the
equality of tho two coins in their commercial
uses. I have always been an advocate of the
use of silver in oui currency We are large pro
ducers of that metal and should not discredit it.
To the plan which will be presented by the
Secretary of the Treasury for issuance of notes
of certificates upon the deposit of silver bullion
at its market value I have been able to
give only a hasty examination owing to the
press of other matters and to the fact that
it has been so recently formulated. The details
of such a law require careful consideration, but
the general plan suggested by hTm seems tc
satisly the purposeto continue the use ol
silver in connection with our currency and at
the same time to obviate the danger of which 1
have spoken At a later day I may communi
cate further with Congress upon this subject.
OUR COAST DEFENSES
Judged by modern standards we are practi
cally without coast defenses. The security ol
our coast cities against foreign attack should
not rest altogether in the friendly disposition
of other nations There should be a second
line, wholly in our own keeping. I very urgent
ly recommend an appropriation at this session
for the construction of such works in our most
exposed harbors as will afford ample protection
RIVERS AND HARBORS.
The improvement of our important rivers and
harbors should be prompted by the necessary
appropriations. Care should be taken that, the
Government is not committed to the prosecu
tion of works not of public and general advan
tage, and that the relative usefulness ol
works of that class is not overlooked. I do not
doubt the end would be sooner and mom eco-
nomicaUy reached if fewer separate works
were undertaken at the same time, and those
selected for their greater general interest were
more rapidly pushed to completion.
PROTECTION OF FEDERAL OFFICERS.
Referring to the personal attack upon Justice
Field by David S. Terry in August last, and the
killing of the latter by Deputy Marshal Nagle,
the President recommends that some definite
provision be made by law, not only for the pro
tection of Federal officers, but for a full trial ol
such cases in the United States courts. The
duty of protecting its officers as such and ol
punishing those who assault them on account
of their official acts should not be devolved ex
pressly or by acquiescence upon the local au
INTIMrDATION OV WITNESSES.
Events which have been brought to my at
tentlon, happening In other parts of the coon
try, have also- suggested the propriety of ex
tending *y legislation fuller protection to those
who may be called as witnesses in tie courts ol
CHURCH ON MARKET ST.
OPPOSITE Cmr PAEK,
10:30 A.M. 7:30 P.M.
All cordially invited.
2 4 J0. Tliircl Street, St Paul.
Largest and most thoroughly equipped
dental establishment west of New York.
We extract Irom 1 to 30 teeth in three
minutes without pain or danger,
vv do the best- dental work at lowest
prices, and extract and make more
teeth than all of the dentists in the city
combined. "OP BN EVENINGS." Dr. Hurd.
Mrs. T. H. Lyles.
FOB SALE OB HADE
Calls made to Residences when desired
47 East Third Street.
Fast .Mail Lino with Veutibufed
Trains between Chicago. Milwaukee,
St. Paul and Minneapolis.
Trans-Continenta! Route be
tween Chicago, Council Blufts, Oma
ha and the Pacific Coast.
Great National Route between
Chicago, Kansas City and St. Joseph.
6700 R^HeSof Ro*? reaching all
principal i.omtH Illinois, Wiaton
sin, ilinncouLa, Iowa, Missoun an
Tor mapst tiva tables, rates of
passage una fieight, etc., apply to the
near^t st*'i,, a^ent of the CHICAGO.
MlLWU'I-fcl.tM? 1'U'T, JiULVkAY, Or to
any Railioad Agent anvuhere in th
EoswtfLi MULKH, A. V. H. CARPENTER,
Gen. Manager ben Pas &
the hi. Paul,
way ha over
sooo miles of
gi test I ulway sys
tf mi of this oonntry
BSTFor information in reference to
Lands and Towns o'*ned by the CHICA
GO, MlLWAUKBK & fcT. PAUL RAILWAY CO
write to H. G. JIAUGIJV, I and Coinuii*
oner. Mdwukte, Wisconsin.
HOW CAN THE LONG
&Tbe BE THE SHOHT
am reasons i*
is the tia\elers favor
ite to nil points in Minne
sota Noith and South
Oakotn and Montana.
It is the only 1 ne to Grent
I alls, tho futiiro manor ret-
\r t^sref ntorof the Nmthwost:
to ib. fertile fieelnnda of ihe Milk
}II\PI Vni ev.-andoirp-sachoiccof
three ntcs to the Co st. Still It
h- thefcliortiwt1 ne 1 etwo fct. Tauj
nno UKH 1 arj?n, li peg. Crooks
ton, Mooihend. Caai.lton. Gl.ndon.
Giafton ForiuFall Wahpeton, Devi's
I Hke, i.i,(i Knttci( itv. It is tho tet
toi te to Alaska. Coin i and Japan: and the
ioi to the Pacific O a* Vano^n er. '1 a
corna cattle Portland 1 San Fianowo
will ever be remembered the del irht ot a
lfo-tlme once made through the n
e*J seonerv of tho Man toba
Pncillc EoiJlo To Huh and hunt
toAlew the magnificence of
nature: to ro\ive the spirit IOS
tore tho body to realise the
diea.n of the home seeker, tie
gold seeder, tho to ler, or t'
captnlin, \in the country
rev he 1 tho St Paul
in 11 & Mam
toba Katlwav. Wrto
to J. \VurnEV O.
& A St Paul,
Minn., for maps,
1 ookg and gu di
If \o.i wantafieo
farm a love-
1 land wr to
read It and
the gol- den
219 THItlD STREET S.
Mrs. Mattie Hunton, Proprietor,
Meals Served First Class As Follows:
Breakfast from 8:00 to 9:30 A. M.
Dinner 12:00 to 1:30 p. M.
Sapper 5:00 to 6 30 p. M.
Boarding by the day, week or month.
Special rates to regular boarders.
Furnished Rooms Reasonable.
219 THIRD ST. &
AND THE FAMOUS
ALBERT LEA ROUTE.
TWO THROUGH TRAINS DA.lL.yt
Without change, connecting with the
FAST TRAINS of all lines for the
EAST-AND SOUTHEAST. 11
The Direct and Only Line runninc
Through Cars between
DE8 MOINES, IOWA,
Via ALBERT LEA and FORT DODGE.
"hort Line to Watertown, Dak,
SOLID THROUGH TRAINS
MINNEAPOLIS and ST. LOUIS
and the Principal Cities of the Mis
iissippi Valley, connecting T*.
Union Depot for all points SOUTH and
MANY HOURS SAYED
and the only line running TWO TRAINS
DAILY to KANSAS CITY, LEAVEN
WORTH and ATCHISON, making connec
t.ons with the Union Pacific and Atchison,
Topeka & Santa Fe Railways.
^^"Close connections made Union
Depot with all trams of the St. Paul, Minne
apolis & Manitoba Northern Pacific St.
Paul & Duluth Minneapolis, St. Paul k\
Sault Sto. Mane Railways from and to all
points NORTH and NORTHWEST.
REMEMBER! The trains of the Miniuf
apohs & St. Louis Railway are composed of
Comfortable Day Coaches, Magnificent
Pullman Sleeping-Cars, Horton Reclin
ing Chair Car8, and our justly celebrated
PALACE DINING CARS.
150 lbs. of baggage checked free. Fare
always as low as the lowest! For time tables,
hrough tickets, etc., call upon the nearest
ticket agent or write to
C. Hoi DRIDOE
Gen'l PJBS* & Tkt Agt., Minneapolis.
Fredrick L. McGhee.
Attorney and Ccusicellor at Law.
General practice in all the courts of th
Ptate. Legal papers examined or drawn.
Pension claims prosecuted. Loans ne
gotiated. Real estate handled.
ROOM 68 UNION BLOCK. ST. PAUL.
SAVINGS BARK OF ST. PAUL,
Cor. Fifth and Jackson Streets.
Five le cent, interest paid on time
deposit!. Money loaned on improved
city property. Transacts a general
banking business. Capital, $50,000.
Surplus and undivided profits, $20,409.-
38. Open Saturdays from 6 to 7 in
John S. Prince, President. Edward
nTTJl? TV/TTTQI? pivesathor
1 I i\l \DEi) ongh treatise
on Music, Literature and the Drama.
It is endorsed 1 the leading musical
BcholarB in Europe, as well as at home.
Each number contains not less than
four pages of choice music worth many
times the subscription, which is only
ONE DOLLAB A YEAK. Subscribe now, or
send 10 ctsfor a sample copy with mnsic
THE MUSE PUBLbHING CO.
(AGENTS WANTED.) Minneapoli Minn.
Pioneer Lodge*Bo12.A.F.A.M. No.
tne 1st and 3rd Mondaysin each month.
All Master Masons in good standing are
invited to attend.
NELSON TAYLOR. W. M.
C. F. WELKINS. SEC.
Stevens Lodge, No. 113, A. A. M.
meets 1st and 3d Tuesdais in each
month at No. 371 Jackson'street. All
bio her Masons in good standing are al
Talbott Bush, W. M.
J. F. Coqnire, Sec.
Bethel Chapter, No. 28. A. M.
meets 1st and 3d Thursdays in eaeh
month at No. 371 Jackson street. All
Royal Arch Maso. in good standing are
J. Coqnire, P.
Talbott Bush, Se
Pilgrim Commandorv, K. T. No- 22,
holds its regular monthly conclave th
2nd and 4th Thursdays in each month,
at Uieir asylum, Stevens Lodge hail. All
Sir Knights in good standing are eor
PILGRIM BAPTIST CHURCH.
Cor. 13th and Cedar.
Sunday services: Preaching at 11:00
jk. M. and 8 00 M. Sunday*Schoolat
!2:4o o'clock. Wednesday evenina
(.reaching service and study of the t-wi
lay school lesson. Friday evening cer
ral praver meeting. Pastor Revf
1^. Residence 476 Ui,iverSl AV
ly attended to. Davs for visiting the
sick, Toefcdays and Fridays.
W. Hampton, C.
Charles Morgan, Eec.
Mars Lodge, U. O. O. No 2908,
meets 2nd 4th Wednesdays in eaoh
month at No. 317 Wababha street be
tween Third and Fourth.
Andrew Jacknon, N.
J. W.Smith, P. b., 562 L'Orient
Brotherhood of Railway Porters meets
1st and 4th Thursdays in each month in
Odd fellows' Hall, Wabasha Street be
tween 3d and 4th.
S. W. Light, M. P.
C. A. Brown, Sec.
Queen of the West l^e7nacie^67der
of Twelve meets the, lt-t and 3d Tues
day in each month at Odd fellows HaH
on Wabasha stieet.
MR S. A. HfcNRY, C.
WBS. ADAMS, C. R.
St. Anthony Lodge, No. 2877, G. U. O.
ofO. P. meets the let .nd 3d Wednes-
VR in each month
Wednesday, fo business a
110 Washington Ave. 8.
Jasper Gibbs, N. G.
W. Weaver, S.
ST. bTERS A. E CHURCH^
tree J"* 10th avenue Sontn.
S^day a S
meeting 12 A. M.
itiHrsday evening prayer meeting, Fri
dav evemne class meeting. Rev. R. H.
Williamson pastor8, residence 2190 10ih
Monday and Tuesday. Davs at home
Wednesday and Thursday. Weddings,
vunenlB, and the sick promptly attend
ed to npon notice
.zzd^&SA^mJkX ****%&** -4 &&&