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O CENTRAL AMERICA IS NJ-
Architccture In GrenadaSea o
Nicaragaan AristocracyA Univer
sity TonThe Making Panama
urcnada. Nicaragua, Special Cor-
respondenceIn the aevious "wanderings of
A dozen years, I have strayed into many
quaint and curious places, hut never *nto
a quanter than this Nicaragua Grenada
the "Sebastopol of Central America," as it3
citizens proudly call it
Hernandez de Coidova, -who in 1522 named
it after the city in Southern Spain, because
the great lake in Nicaragua in front reminded
toiir of the Alediterranean, and the dark and
lof.y mountains behind, of his own Sierra
Alpujarra Certain the mothei-town across
the sea i3 not more moldy and time-wo"n and
.picturesquely uncomfortable, and the Moor
ish Kings .ndiCaiifs and later sovereigns of
Castile, never ruled a. queerer lot of peo
ple on the banks of the Jenil and the Guadla
ro than tne aristocracy, of this old seat of
learning and ecclesiastical power in the heart
of .Nicaragua. The early Spaniards expended
a vasit amount of money and all their arch
itectural resources in ttstouildingthe former
mostly "borrowed" Jiom the conquered abo
rigines, and for three long centuries it re
mained one of the wealthiest and most pros
perous cities of Central America. The old
chroniclers relate t"hat nearly every day
caravans of from 1 &00 to 2,000 mules came
to Grenada bringing "bullion and merchandise
from sill the surrounding country, aind car
ried away European goods in exchange Near
ly 300 years ago one of the largest monasteries
on the Western hemisphere was built here
by Franciscan friars who owned extensive
estates in the neighborhood, and fibre monks
continued to occupy it, and to acquire more
and more of this world's goods, up to the
year 1829, when they were-expelled, and their
The monastery still stands, tn a tolerable
state of preservationa retic of ecclesiastical
grandeur remarkable even among Granada'*
fine old churches The city is laid out after
the usual Spanish pattern, with streets radiiat
Ing from a large, central plaza, like the
spokes of a wheel
A-rehitectnr I 'Grenada.
The houses are all of sun-dried bricks, plas
tered Inside and out with a kind of cement,
which gives them the appearance andi dura
bility of marblethe outer walls tinted gray,
pea green pale b-ue, pink, or lavender, with
projecting roofs of lichen-covered tiles Many
of them were veritable palaces in their day.
and beai upon their dilapidated front* the
arms of some of the nob est houses of O
Cati* Some of them have queer little bal
conies of turned wood before their windows,
besides the regulation iron bars-, and from
macj roo^s hang curiously carved orna
swaying in the lightest breeze like
the balls on a bul fighter's s^raibrevo Though
the streets are wide and well paved they
have one pecuUar feature, viz they rur
along on a dead eve. thirty paces or so, then
suddenly ns by a steep inc.ine or fall, as
the case may be, then run along another level
space to risie or Pa again, so that tne pedes
trian is continually toi'ing up or tobogganing
down without any apparent reason Some ol
the streets straggle down to the lake, a mile
and a ha fiom the centra plaza At the foot
of cnecf t^e-r exte id "g out over the water a
as If iboir to -piunge lr for a iruch-needec
an ai ancient fortthe very same that
Cc~Gava bui here just 375 years ago Ol
course it is now in ruins uismant'ed and
overgrown with trees and bushes, extremely
picturesque from a respectful distance, but
too shaky to venture into besides being In
fected with snakes?, tarantulas, rats, bats, and
ghosts maybe In the scant} shade of trees
growing out of its moldy walls the Indian
women of Grenada stand kneedeep In the
wa er, wasaing their garments and .hanging
them on the bushes to dry
Seat of Mciirnsnan Aricttoerney.
Others wade out farther with the "ol as"
(red jars of baked cla,y in shape exactly like
those of Egyptian women carried in Rebecca's
time) passing beyond the breakers to obtain
water clear of sand At aqy time between
diaybreak and dark the scene is always the
same a ong the water front of Grenadad'ark
skinned women with their washing and their
"oIas," men siwimming "au naturel," en
tire^ unembarrassed by the presence of
spectators, servants bring horses and1
down to diriak, and a few paraguas, bongos,
and canoes paddling about or hauled up high
and dry on shore
Grenada stands set the eastern -end of the
inhabited Valley of Nicaragua, and Leon, th
city pf the Viceroys, at the western end, the
two being about seventy miles apart Since
time out of mind they have been rivals, as
St Louis and Chicago used to be, until the
latter so far distanced its neighbor that com
petition became Absurd. Grenada has always
been the seat of Nicaraguan aristocracy, and
the social center, "par excellence," while Leon
wasi for centuries the capital In 1854, during
the great revolution, which lasted five years,
and in which our Walker, the filibuster,
figured so .conspicuously, the seat of govern
ment was removed to Grenada When peace
was restored the victorious "Liberals" re
fused to permit the return of government
headquarters to the Viceroj's capital, and
after fighting over the question for several
years, during which some blood was shed and
much property destrojed, a compromise was
erfected by locating a new capital at Managua,
midway between Leon and Grenada It Is
a smaller and less attractive town than
either, on the southern shore of Lake Man
agua, ard since 1863 the President ha had
his official residence and the Congress a&-
sembled there .very 5 ear During the civil
war the greater part of Grenada was burned
co the ground, and the population decreased
Irom 35,000 to 15,0.00-, and, although that wa*
forty years ago, the city has never recovered
its losses, and now numbers somewhat less
than 15,000 souls It seems to be a law of
nature that In All parts of the world where
spontaneous products grow so rapidly the
works of man are corresponding'y slow
Grenada was under -.siege for two long years
by Walker and .his allied Nlcaraguans, and
the inhabitants .suffered greatly, many djing
of eUtrvation and the epidemics that broke I
out among them
A Vnive-ralty Town.
GremuSa was the stronghold of the Con
servatives, or eclerical party, and after all
its brave defense it was surprised and taken
by the 'Liberals" (In 1856), owing to the un
timely death of Don Fuerto Chamorro, the
Conservative leader The latter party re
gained it In the following year, but in this
same of battledore, and shuttlecock, the
proud old town was wellnigh annihilated.
Efforts have since been made to effect her
restoration but her wounds were too many
and her scars top deep lor obliteration.
Mc&t of the people are now wretchedly poor
andtas proud as they are ppverty-sitrieken. so
,ab jr of any sort toward re-esiabliishlng their
fortunes Is quite out of the question. There
is a fine o.d university here, where law,
medicine, and theology are tanght under the
direction of the Bishop, but nowadays all
families who can afford it send their sons
to Europe to be educated. As for the girls,
n&oody dreams of educating them in the
lore of books, beyond the barest rudiments
which &ur children .acquire in the primary
Jepartmenxs of the public schools. If a*"lit-
tle jearnlng is a dangerous thing"for fe
malestoj much of it would be ruinous, in
the eyes ot our Spanish-American friends.
"The new woman" would bar regarded as a
monstrosity, not to be tolerated in decent
loclety hut happily she l,s unknown in this
Arcadia, The Se^oritas are taught little
~tn and a treat deal about "Las vide* Am
los Santo*" (the lives a
jther religious matters, they
^mbrolderv and laii WMftnnrdl
artificial no/* iaH|^^tes" (Sweetmeats
As.jBAdflRn tlHHjpPsinning, and as wives
PUri" Superiors are not to be
The Making of Panama Chains.
The on^y mechanical industry in Grenada
if so it can be ca led, is the making of what
are lonown as "Panama chains"of gold
wire, either compact or hollow, linked to
gether something like our old-fashioned hair
chains These are fine as the finest lace
work, yet strong as cablesperfect master
pieces of the goldsmith's art, but seldom
wen outside of Nicaragua. Near the city are
a number of extensive cacao plantations,
whose combined product bears no mean repu
tation in the commercial world It is strange
that so many foreigners in these countries
turn to coffee panting and so few to the
tqua ly profitable business of growing
in which there Is practicahy
axe adipts at
tH| making of
Continued I 7th. Col.
THE CREAM CITY OF THE LAKES
AND ITS MEWS.
Menu of nil Sorts Gathered Together by
Oar Ubiquitous Reporter and Served
In Dainty Style for the Delectation of
Mrs. Cbas. Barker spent Sunday in
The Mississippi is the largest river in
the world. OldZoaan you are asleep.
Capt. C. J. Whit who has been sick
for a few days is able to be out again.
Mr. Carl E. Milter after trying hard
tn hold down the job in the Plankinton
House barber shop, has resigned.
J. J. Miles through Alt'y W. T. Green
has been enabled to turn over to Mies
Eva Parks all the money left by her
Mr. Alonzo Thirll met with a very
painful accident. He was tearing down
an old Bheu when it collapsed and he
was hurt by falling timberB.
The Key A. A. Burliegh says that he
will leave it to Mr. Peacock that the
couvereation that took place between
himself and the Rev. J. B. Odem.
Wanted 20 first claes waiters by the
day commencing July 6th. No one need
to apply unless he can come well
recommenced. Apply to J. J. Miles.
Mrs. Littleton Jones one of the 400 of
the Cream City, has moved all of hie
belongings to Chicago where she will re
side iu the future. Mr. Jones says he
can't keep bis family where 18 to 1 shots
A number of peop who will attend
the N. E. A. convention have made ap
plications to THE APPEAL agent to
secure for thein accomodations in pri
vate families which has been promptly
Bill Nye says the meanest man be
ever eaw was the man who kept a wart
on the back of his neck for a collar
button, but we have one at the Plankin
ton who can lay him in the shade. It
is the fellow wbo steals letters and
stamps from the bulletin in the waiteis'
and bel'men's quartern.
Mr. Willie Hawkins will graduate the
28th inst. from the West side High
School. He will then start out in the
wide world to carve hie way to victory.
As Mr. Hawkins has a Western move
on him. he will find it an easy matter
tu succeed. It ia only the lazy ifo:y and
girls that get left out in the cold.
The young ladies have been ignored,
not one has been appointed on thecom
mittee to help to entertain the lady
teachers. When they meet the com
mittee and are introduced to Mrs. A, B,
or C, it will siJI ply maite the young
ladies feel as if they had struck a grave
yard. Some unmarried ladies should
have been on the committee.
Capt Jas. Stewart wbo was born July
2nd 1822 will epsnd his 75th birthday in
Toledo, Ohio, with his wife. Although
the Capt. has passed through the Mexi
can and Civil wars, he is as aevive
SHOOTS INTO A CROWD.
EeaMwtonist at Gadsden, Arlcu, Cass
e a. Blot, in Which Several
LlJ are Hurt.
Gadsden, Ala., June 22.Late this
afternoon Henry Thomas, an excursion
ist from Birmingham, fired into a party
of Gadsden people just as the train was
leaving, and wounded Will Garner, a
local cabman. Garner and bis friends
returned the fire, and a general riot en
sued. Thomas was cbot in the back and
neck ard was stabbed twice in the
shouldw and will die. Two other Birm
ingham people were shot and another
was stabbed. Whiskey was the cause of
SOCIAL MATTERS* CONDENSED
INTO SMALL SPACE
or the Benefit of our Thousand* of Read*
enAll Sorts of News Items From the
City by the Big BridgeThe "Future
3rc*t mt the Present Time.
The Gamett school give a compliment*
ary picnic Thursday at O'Fallon Park.
The Wheatly rchool pupils had an
enjoyable picnic Friday at Forest Park.
One of the interesting features was a
Wand drill by sixty uniformed pupils.
The 1,000 or more teachers of the St.
Louis Public Scbools-feceived the final f-,
payment of salaries for the year's work
Thursday. On that day more tban$l 2J
000 wee paid out.
For the first time in nearlv a year an
Afro-Americn jury was impaneled in
Judge Driscoll's court in East St. Louis,
Tuesday. It was to try the cise of Tillie
Williams and Mary Mortan, washer,
women, on cross charges of disturbing
each other's peace. The Williams
woman was fined $5and took an appeal.
Kate Smith, 1407 ne street was ar
rested charged with disturbing the
peace and defacing private property.
She imagined her landlady, Mrs. Pris
cilia Woodruff, had insulted her, BO she
saturated the fixtures in a room with
man of 30 years. He works 365 days to
the year, and has worked in the Plan
kinton 10 years, and has never b*en
known to be late Th Capt. has a farm
3D Indiana, where he expeeta to spend
his declining days. He is a 32nd degree
Miss Nellie Pleasant's funeral was hold
at St Mark's Church on Wednesday
16th inst. The Rev. J. B. Odem iby re
quest of relatives preached the sermon,
text Rev. 14 chapter, 4th to 15th verses.
The services were pathetic and impress
ive. The floral tributaa were simple
and appropriate. A very large rowd
was in attendance. The remains were
laid to rest in Union Cemetary. The
following named persons were pall
bearers: C. J. Sbarpe, Thos. McNeil,
J. B. Alden, ThOB Campbell. Alex
Price and W. H. Lyons. The rehtives
of deceased wish to retu-i. their thanks
to all the many friends who assisted in
venous ways to iatar the remains.
coal oil and threatened to epolv a match
when the landlady screamed, which
brought the police who arrested her
and ^refered the charges. She denied
having intended to set the place on ffre.
The graduatirg exercises of Dunwts
school were held last week in the Du
mas building. The decorations were
profuse and appropriate. A large num
ber of patrons were present, and the
programme was well executed. Dr. O.
T. Fields delivered the address, and A.
D. Langston, the principal, presented
diplomas to the following graduates:
Lulu Verne Nelson, Lonis James Mills,
Amanda M. Welch, Hirrisou Wells,
Anna Bell Dupee, J. 8 tarnpes Moore*
ElzxbethE. Lacey, Elizabeth Sinks,
M. Rosa Morton, Bertha Allen, Mel
issa M. Perram, Mav Alice Walker.
Miss Nelson was the valedictorian of the
Active prepaiations are being made by
E Lovejoy Cayalry Trotp No. 100,
Sons of Veterans, for the excursion to
Alton, 111, on June 20, the occasion being
a rremorial celebration in memory of
E ijih Parrish Lovejty, the famous an
tebellum editor. The committee of
arrangements inHndee: Capt. W. H.
Butler, Lieut George Thornton,
Lieut. Abe Plump, Firet 8ernt. W. C.
Henderson, Quartermaster, J. Hirri
son, Sergt. Joseph Bridgeford, Corp. B.
F. Allen, Privates W. S. Robinson,
Johnson Knight and Charles Hender
son. A special train over the Big Four
will leave anion station at 10 o'clock in
the morning of the 20* inst. The
troop will form at their armory Twelfth
and Pine streets, an hoar before the
departure of tbe twin, and march to the
station. At Alton parade will form
on State street, tbe right resting on
Defe ive Page
Third street, at 1 o'clock p. m. sharp
and march through the principal streets
to the cemeiery, where t*he exercises
will be held at the Lovejoy monument.
ALMOST ON THE RIGHT OP WAY.
Mining Property on the StflluRun
mlsu Very Near a Railroad.
There is one group of mining aims in
the Stillaguamiph distirct BO close to a
railroad that, if a train were to jump the
track, some of the cars wouM fall down
the shaft. It is the Pocahontas group nt
Granite Fails, which the Pocahontas
Gold Mining Company is dvjvelopinj?.
Henry Liepmann. ft.ie president, and
John Suderwiski, the superintendent of
the company arrived in town yesterday
with 500 pounds of%re to be tested at
the Canopy smelter, and Baid regarding
"The first shaft was sunk sixty-eix feet
on Pocahontad No. 1 at a point only
twenty feet South of the Everett &
Monte Crisro railroad, the ledge bamg
nine feet between palls of Blate and
granite. On the hangirg wall is ten in
ches of quartz carrying fine particles of
gray copper, copper sulphides and assay
ing $4,$9 to $11 gold and silver and 3 per
cent copper: The ledge of Pocahontas
No. 2 crops only seventy feet north of
the track and is forty feet wide between
walls and granite and trachyte, b^iDg
100 faet vertically below No. 1. A shaft
is down twenty feet Showing three feet
of quar'z on the hanging wall mineraliz-
TYPICAL VIEW'S REPUBLIC.
ed with fine particles of brittle silver.
An average sample assayed 32 ounces
silver, 910 gold and the surface ore ft
the balance of the ledge carrier $3 to $4
gold vnd silver. We are new extending
tais sha't with a double shift of tux men
to a depth of 100 feet, where we shall
cross cut to th* shaft and unraire, giving
us a depth of 200 feet."Sea tie Poet
THE CAMEL'S EXPERIENCE.
This Ship of the Desert Looked Woeful
for a Time.
A large camel which was landed at
Hoboken a few days ago from the
Bremen line steamer Dresden had an
experience which probably never be
fore fell to the lot of a "ship of the
desert," says the New York Press. He
made the voyage in a large box, and
as there wasn't room enough in it for
any self-respecting animal the camel
sat down in sheer disgust. He sat
that way for days and days while the
ship rolled and made all sorts of heavy
weatheT. When the dejected animal
was finally landed and tried to stand
up he couldn't use his rear props at ail.
They had become paralyzed with their
long stay in a cramped position. The
camel wasn't any good, it seemed, and,
as a big price had been paid for him,
there was general lamentation. Such
a picture of woe was never seen in
Hoboken. At last a genius suggested
a radical cure. The camel, by his ad
vice, was placed in a sling and hoisted
up until his toes touched the ground.
He paddled the air for a spell with his
forelegs, and finally the rear props
came to life and joined in the exercise.
They lowered him to the ground and,
after he had tested his rear legs some
what gingerly, he was as good as new.
But he doesn't sit down any more. Once
was enough for him*
8AINT.PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS* MINN- SATURDAY. JDNE 26,1897. $2.40 PER YEAR.
FACTS AND FANCIES OF THE
BEAUTIFUL "FALLS CITY."
Reliable Record of the Happenings
Among the Afro-America a Residents of
the Metropolis of KentaakyI.oulsvtU
Wm. Smith, who was shot by W. g.
Lorg, on the night of June 8, diedat the
Samuel Brooks was held to anewer
Saturday in a bond af $500 for shooting
Jennie Burns. Brooks swore that it was
only his *porfcive and playful way of de
monstrating the fire of hia affections, but
a woman witness told the story, and
showed that twas A serious attempt to
Rpbert Johnson walked into Baas
Bros saloon, on Market street,between
First and Second, where several men
were sitting, and snatching a hat from
one of the men fled up the street. Sev
eral men chased him two or three cquares
and finally he turned and ran back to
the saloon. He hid in a shed in tne
rear, where he was found a few minutes
later and locked up.
John Cates met with a painful accident
Saturday evening at his home on Madi
son street, nea" Eleventh. He was at
work fixing some ecreenes on the second
storv windows, when be lost his balance
and fdll to tbe ground. He fell in a
flower bed, and this broke his fall some
what. Dr. Porter was summoned, and
he found that the man bad sustained a
number of badbruises, but beyond this
he had efciped injury.
Mary Johnson, 330 Pearl street, fell
out with her iovtr.Ham Miller, Monday
afternoon over some trifling matter.
Miller was getting the worst of the argu
ment, and seiziog a club and proceeded
to give Mary a terrible beating. After he
bad mauled her to hissatisfaction he ran
up the street, leaving the woman more
dead than alive. She came to in a few
minutes and walked over to the hospital
to have her injuries dressed. When the
attending physicians at tbe hospital ex
amined her they ducovered that besides
being temoly bruised she bad euatained
a bad fracture of the tight shoulder.
Fort Ko bin son, Neb.
CriPrus Attuck's Lodge,No. 3, Knights
of PIUIHS is now in wotking condmou
MI l*ori Rubiiison, Neb with tbe follow
EU zit Reynolds. C. C.
JdiueH rJoiden, O
Robert W. Robinson, M. of W.
UiibeitSciuig P. ofR S.
Kfnbeu H, HcuOeitOD, M. ot Fxche
IT. tioff, M. of Finance Holibert.
Tbe above Lodge numbers90members
all of whom are well drilled, (cavalry.)
A GOOD SUIT OF CLOTHES,
No Ha Can Afford to
A Barnesville lawyer appeared be
fore his friends in a new and costly
suit of clothes recently, says the At
lanta Constitution. When he named
the price a bystander exclaimed:
"Whew! I haven't had that much
cash in a month of Sundays."
S hzf ~,%X 1
"Cash!" exclaimed the lawyer. "Why.
got it on credit and I shan't lose any
sleep if I never pay*for it. I think
turn about's fair play and the other
fellow can afford to do without it."
And, lifting himself to his full height
and buttoning his coat across his
chest, he continued. "No, gentlemen,
I never intend to wear a shabby suit
A man just can't afford to do it. No
body has any respect for shabbiness
Why, I couldn't gain a case If I wore
shabby clothes if I had the eloquence
of a Demosthenes or Cicero, not if all
the law and the prophets were on my
side. A jury just wouldn't respect me
enough to listen to me and the judge
himself would give his decision accord
ing to my outward appearance. No,
sir, a man can't afford to wear shabby
THE "WORLD'S FAIR CITY" VIEW"
E THE APPEAL MAN.
A Compilation of Number of Happen*
lags. Social and Otherwise, ^monr tao
AfrooAmerleans of the Seoond City of
This Glorious Union.
Rev. T. J. DeClelland of Builing ton,
Iowa, was in the city last week.
Mr. R. B. Hanson has been employed
by the Crescent Coal Co., as city sales
Mrs. Carrie M. Johnson formerly of
this city, is dangerously ill of consump
tion at Oberlin,Ohio.
Miss Fannie J. TbcmpennofKnsa
City the guest of her brother Mr. Harvey
Thompson 6633 St. Lawrence.
Mr. Charles Watson, grandfather of
Dr. E. E. Barr, died Tuesday morning
at his reliderce 3715 Armour avenue.
Invitations are out announcing the
marriage of Miss Nellie Blackburn to
Mr. Henry Green. Wednesdav June 30
The Sisterhood of St. Mary gavo a
delightful entertainment at Mrs. A. E
Brown's 2905 Wabash avenue Monday
MissTazzie Thomas, of Alton, 111.,
and Mr. Blair of this city was married
Wednesday evening. The wedding WSB
Tbe court awarded $500 to Mrs. Jane
Gray, of Princeton avenue, in her case
against Kirkbeck Building and Loan
MrB. Martha Robinson of Memphis,
Tenn., is visiting ner daughter, Mrs. S.
A. Watkins at her residence 4126 S.
Mr. Tnos. H. Smith was elected one
of the delegates to represent Chicazo at
tbe convention of letter carriers at San
Francisco in September.
WantedTwo educated Afro-Ameri
cans. Good pay to right persons. Call
at 356 Dearborn street, Room 702, any
dav between 12 and '1 p. m.
The Sumner Club will have a dinner
complimentary to Booker T. Washing
ton at the Lexington Hotel, Saturday
eyening June 26 at 8 o'clock.
The Keith Grammar School turned
out three Afro-American graduates this
week, Misses Lucy Churchill, Senora
Holmes and Master James Watkins.
The Minister* of all the city churches
met last week at the I. B. Wells club
rooms to consider plans for lessening
crime and criminal classes in oar city.
The Building and Aid Society gave a
delightful social last Monday night at
the home of Mrs. Al Williams, 3403
Deerborn street. A good attendance
Invitations have been issued for the
Golden Wedding Anniversary reception
of Mr. an*t Mrs. F. L. Barnett, 8r., Sun
day June 27, from 3 to 8 p. m, at 2939
Mies Helen Abbott, of St. Louis,
daughter of Dr. ott, of this city is in
the citv on **er way to Toronto, Canada,
where she will spend her vacation. Miss
Belle Thomasaccompanies her.
Jesse Sogers the 18 year old Afro
American murderer, sentenced to bang
July 16, expects through the assistance
of Lawyer Anderson and Dr. J. H.
Magee to have bis sentence committed.
Mrs. J. D. Thompson, of 157 Emerson
avenue has returned to her home from
the East, where she has been visiting
ber mother. She visited New York,
New Haven, Brooklyn and Washington,
D. C, where she received much social
Robert M. Mitchell Esq., tbe assistant
prosecuting attorney at tbe Harrison
street station, and W. G. Anderson Eeq
are now located in suite 3 No. 77 Clark
street where they are better than ever
prepared to attend to tbe wants of their
There will be some distinguished
guests at the Booker Washington ben
quet June 28. Mr. Lloyd Wheeler will
be the toast-master. Mr. A. H. Roberts
will make tbe welcome address and
short addresses will b3 made by Bishop
Arnett, Msj. J. C. Bnckner and Rev.
Lulu Scott is lying at the Provident
hospital suffering from a gash on her
head, said to have been inflicted by a
hatchet in the hands of Mrs. Lilly
Murphy, at the letter's home, 3160
Armour avenue Sunday night. Physi
cians say she may not live. Mrs. Mar
phrls also at the hospital-with a cat on
her arm, said to have been received at
the bands of tbe Scott woman. Tbe
two, it is said, met in a desperate figb
at Mrs. Murphy's home, tbe issue being
the letter's bosband.
O CENTRAL AMERICA.[!S
Jf-Cl CARACUAN GRENADA.
Architecture in GrenadaSeat
Nicarag-uan AristocracyA Univer
sity TownThe Making of Panama,
Continued lrom 2nd Col.
are a most uiumiittd Th young cacao
or co-01 or chocc'ate trees which bear i&e
P"acious bean are a species of Theobraka and
gra-v v\i in gre_t abundance in the primeval
forests of the Atlantic seaboard When prop
erly cultivated they yie'd the most profitable
crops that can be producedfar ahead or
coffte in net resu-ts The word's s,upply of
the preparation known to us as cocoa and
choco ate comes mostly from Ecuador and
Venezuela wi*h a smalt amount from the
West Indies, and these republics, in which
the bean attains its greatest perfection, fur
nisrh comparatively litt'e for exportation. In
Nicaragua the cccoa is found to thrive best
beneath the shade of the coral tree, a species
of Ery.hnna, which has com* to be known
as "the mother of the cacao It grows to
a height of forty or fifty feet, and when i
bloom presents a dense mass of crimson
Wherever one turns in Grenada the eye Is
de^ghted a series of beautiful view*- the
blue lake, tihe dark forests, hills near ana
far, the brght emeraM of cacao and/ ban una
grove** Mombacho, the extinct volcano close
to the town, covered from base to crexwnwith
a mantle of ever asttng green, an*} Its mat*
dangerous neighbor, Ccseqmna, from whose
crater among the clouds thin wreathe of
smoke are constantly seensilvery by day
but hoiw ins red and sulphurous tiota in th*
drakness About s'xty years ago this vol
cano indulged In one of the mct fear
ful eruptions on record It continued foi
four days and covered the country for hun
dreds of miles r^und aoout with ashes and
lava ardi wrought such destruction cf Iafeaad
property that the Nicaraguans did not recover
from their panic for nranv jears It*is an
actual fact, though hacd to believe that
Cosequlna's explosions were of such force that
ashea fe'l 'n the City of Bog ta, Colombia
1 500 m' es away as the crow n'os, and at an
altitude of 11,000 feet above the sea5.C0C
feet hisjeer than the summit cf this volcano.
\shes feU in the West India Is.ands and alo
far in the interior of Mexico, and showers
of them that obscured the sun caused terror
and consternation in the ne ghboring repub
lics whose peop.e believed that the en of
the -r had come
Vw&'s sailing on the Pacific iriles and
miles away had their decks covered with
'ava and ashes and. several Ea' ors were in
jured, by fa !!ng
stones, and the ceean for 150
nxLesi was s'rewn with floating ashes and
pumice-stone, so thickly tha. the entire sur
face was concea ed This is not a "news
paper st^rj," but a nutter of hi^ory The
anniver&ar/ of the hoinble catistrophe la
yet observed by the Nic-'-agu-'ns as a gen
eral fast day Business JS suspended through
out the repub'ic and the peep gather 10
the churches to pray for del verance from fur
ther erupt ons Since 1835 Cc equina has
been behaving comparative well bu is yet
"actne' and shows its temper by sullen
A great part of Nicaragua's sur
face is covered with beds of Vva and scoria,
!ake= of bitter water, in wh'ch co bottom
can be found awnin crevices surrounded
with lstered rocks and pits cal ed by
the people "mfern 1 cs" (litt'e heils) frona
which sulphurous vipors are eontmua ly ris
ing F\IV\IEBRIGH)4.M W\RD
DUEL WITH RED INK.
How a Humorous Mew Yorker Turned
Melodrama Into lartc.
"There are some things so serious
that the very fact of their having oc
curred makes those interested secre
tive. It was '-uch a thing took plase
while I was acquiring the practical
knowledge of a civil engineer," said
a man who hao long enjoyed a fortune
as the result of his professional ef
forts, to a Detroit Free Press man.
"I went with a surveying party into
the southwest and to the work of lay
ing out a railroad was added that ot
fighting some of the Indians that ne
glected everything else for the sake
of giving us trouble. With us was a
Philadelphia boy, one of these unfor
tunate fellows who thinks he is always
being imposed upon, slighted or ridi
culed. In reality I was his friend and
did what I could to make things pleas
anter for him. But his suspicions al
ways placed me in the wrong, and
when he did nothing worse than scowl
at me I considered that we were get
ting along very well together.
"A crisis came when I received a pro
motion which he thought should have
been given him. He lost no time in
challenging me, and there was nothing
to do but accept or resign and go home.
I accepted and made the solemn prep
arations usual in such a case. In the
corps was a New Yorker who never
had a serious thought or cared for any
thing from which fun could not be
extracted. He constituted himself
master of ceremonies in this affair of
honor and went about it all with an
air that suggested an anticipation of
at least two deaths.
"When the word was given we fired''
together and the result was astound
ing. From each pistol there suot a.
streak of mingled colors, red and black
predominating. The effect was irre
sistibly funny, for leaves, grass and"
seconds were tinted with the ink used
by the New Yorker. He had filled cap
sules with the fluids and turned the
whole thing into a farce. Of course
the Philadelpbian was angry, but even
he had a sense of humor, and from
the time we had a roaring spread that
night he was a happier, brighter andi
53? 'OTYiTw'nnablp fllw
ne New School of foetry.
We have just succeeded, through an al
most unparalleled stroke of enterprise, in
securing a poem written by Yone Nogut-M,
and Stephen Crane. These two sweet singers
have been collaborating' for several weeks-*
past, and the first fruit of their joint labors
is here set forth:
I look out upon the great world.
With IU little, fat people
Stagnant with sunrise and morn and other tbinsr
of that sort,
Running over tbe hills,
Heaving with heartburn.
The frogs gulp and gurgle!
A maiden talks to the little froth people
And the windmen.
And murmurs: "Oh, my soul!
Where did I get it, I wonder.
And is it mine to keen?"
AOU 'ft AWi tfs4*4i*'j
And the willows moan.
And the universe is beginning to show itsribsv
And my head aches.
And a one-eyed star blinks and goes out
Perhapswho knows?to rush the cant
Ob, my soul! 1
Won't somebody pleat* pat salt on lto tan?_