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tMBBHAL AFRO-AMEBICAH HBfSWffl
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SATURDAY. APRIL 25, 1903.
There are some people of African
descent, in this country, who object
to the hyphenated name, Afro-Amer
ican, which, for years, THE APPEAL,
and a few other contemporaries, have
used when referring to them. We do
not claim *to have coined the word.
and it does not matter who did,
though T. Thomas Fortune is given
that credit but, as it seems to us to
be the most appropriate one, we use
It certainly is somewhat galling to
see the names of every one of the
different nationalities of the world
capitalized in writing and printing
except "negro." Afro-American, the
word' we almost invariably use. can-said,
hot, nroper^v be written or printed
without using two capitals. The
word negro, according to the defini
tion siren in Webster's Dictionary
means: 'A black man especially
one of a race of black or very dark
persons who inhabit the greater part
of Africa, and are distinguished by
crisped or curly hair, flat noses, high
cheek bones, and thick, protruding
lips." If this description is correct,
it will very readily be admitted that
"negroes" are not very numerous in
this country though they may be
plentiful in Africa.
Then when the word "negro" is
used to designate the man, the de
testible word "negress" is used to
designate the woman. That, of itself,
ught to cause all Afro-Americans to
oppose the appellation.
The beautiful, talented but unfortu
nate Empress Josephine, wife of No
poleon Bonaparte, was just as much
a negress, and Alexander Hamilton,
conceded to be%
the greatest states
man this country ever produced, was
just as much a negro as hundred of
thousands of Afro-Americans, if the
accounts of ,their ancestry, as we have
learned them* are correct,
JEyeryone knows that every possi
ble shade of complexion and char-1
acter of hair, from the purest white
complexion' with blue eyes and
blonde hair accompaniment to as
black as human beings get to be, al
beit their hair is not always kinky
nor their noses always flat, may be
found among the people classed' as
negroes. So negro is not the proper
word to designate them. When one
sees the word negro or negress in
print, what is the appearance of the
person who arises before the mental
A rose, by any other name, would
smell just as sweet, and the word ne
gro, if it were not such an opprobrius
name, as it is generally used, would
be no more objectionable than any
other. "Colored people" is almost as
objectionable as negro, as there is no
more probability or possibility of its
being used as a proper noun, and be
ing dignified by capitalization than
negro. Then, too, "colored people"
might mean a lot of the worlds people
who are not Afro-Americans.
Rabbi Hirsch, of Chicago, in a re
cent address before the Chicago Wo
man's Club, said: "Some persons in
this country, when they intend to be
extra polite, call the Jews, Hebrews,
but" this well meant compliment is not
at all appreciated. We Jews, in this
country insist that our nationality is
not Jewish nor Hebrew but American.
And for myself, I suppose I might be
called a Hebrew German Cau
casianAmericanJew, but never
try to compliment us by calling us
Hebrews." Now, if the Jews object
to a name which is used in a compli
mentary way, we certainly ought to
object to those that do not properly
designate us or are used oppro.brious
Nelson Page in a recent article in
Colliers Weekly sneeringly referred
to the use of the word Afro-American
and said, "When a negro gets educat-.
ed he becomes an Afro-American."
Well, if being entitled to the appella
tion, Afro-American, signifies educa
tion, and, consequently, all the other
good things that follow in the train of
education, let us by all means insist
upon being designated as Afro-Amer
icans. Afro-American, a proper noun,
with its two capitals certainly looks
more dignified, proud and patriotic
than negro invariably used as a com
mon noun and spelled with a small n.
The prejudice against the Afro
American in the South, when he ap
pears in any other capacity than a
menial, is something unaccountable
and awful. To illustrate, a story
which is told by a southerner about
Register of the Treasury Lyons is a
case in point. The story was told by
a well known lawyer of Atlanta, Ga.,
and is about as follows:
"Register of the Treasury Lyons
was one of the first colored men ad
mitted to the bar in my state. I am
a democrat of the rankest kind, but I
confess that I admire his rise.
Lyons' practice was a success from
the time he was admitted, and I re
member that very early in his career
he was employed in a case involving
the ownership of a pair of mules.
The case was to be heard in a small
town some distance from Augusta,
'When Lyons appeared on the
scene there was considerable com
ment over the fact that a 'nigger had
come there to practice before the
court.' Lyons said he intended to
win the case regardless Of what was
said about his being a colored man
that he knew he had law and justice
on his side, and that he did not be
lieve his color would have anything
to do.with it. The young lawyer who
was to go against the colored practi
tioner hooted at the idea of a nigger
winning a case over him, but Lord
bless you, when Lyons got through
examining the witnesses and made
his argument he had covered the
ground completely. The opposing
counsel, a young fellow not long out
of college, ranted around at some
length and poked jibes at 'the nigger
lawyer,' but Lyons had handled the
case so admirably that the jury gave
a verdict for his client. Naturally
the young white lawyer was greatly
'outraged,' and he appealed the case
to a higher court, where the decision
of rhe lower court was affirmed."
"This settled him. for he withdrew
from practice altogether, and died a
few weeks afterward. I don't say
tiiat his defeat by a colored lawyer
killed him, but I do know that he took
it very hard."
Th-"e is a man in Green Village,
N. J., who,- while not having a goose
that lays golden eggs, has a hen
which lays two eggs a day and with
hen fruit quoted at 30 cents per dozen
this is not bad. The hen in question
is not a freak but is the result of. care
ful breeding and experimenting for
several years. He long thought that
hens could be bred that would lay one
egg every day in the year, and also
that two eggs per hen per day was a
possibility and he has been working
to that end. On March 1st, one of
his special hens became sick, and he
put her in a coop by herself. The fol
lowing day he was astonished to find
she had laid two eggs, one at 9 a. m.
and the other at 4 p. m., and has kept
that gait up ever since. He has made
five sittings of the eggs and believes
he has the greatest hen for commer
cial purposes in the world.
It seems that the trouble about the
Afro-American is getting two numer
ous. If there were not so many of
him he would be in general demand.
At least that seems to have been the
case with Laura Loroux, white, daugh
ter of Zotique Leroux, a wealthy con
tractor of Montreal, who was arrested
last week, in Denver, Colo., in company
with W. F. Blapkburn, with whom she
had eloped three weeks before. He
deserted a wife and two children. She
"there was only one Afro-Amer
ican in Montreal, and I got him." Love
goes where he is sent, don't you
Eyes of Beasts of Prey.
Cats and other beasts o: prey reflect
fifty times as much light from their
eyes as human beings.
What the Newspaper Does.
Your great man shines before the
populace in vainwithout the news
paper. He spread-eagles the Consti
tution in vainwithout the newspa
per. His clarion voice wages up the
universe in vainwithout the news
paper. His most astounding financial
enterprises serve him in vainwith
out the newspaper. His scientific re
searches and achievements are in vain
without the newspaper. His wire
less telegraph would be an accomplish
ment of small meritwithout the
newspaper. His successes in every
walk of life are in vainwithout the
newspaper. The newspaper is the.
fame-maker of the age. Of course,
some of the fame is cheap, but it sat
isfies the living wearer" of the cloak,
even though posterity change it.New
THE NIGHT SIDE O LONDON.
"The Night Side of London." Ro b
ert Machray. Illustrated. 8 vo. Deco
rated cloth. $2.50 net. Philadelphia: J.
B. Lippincott Company.
"The Night Side of London," by Rob
ert Machray, is an unusually interesti ng
book. Th illustrations by To Brown
are dra wn with skill and enhance the in
terest one takes in it. The pen of the
author and pencil of the artist are both
used with fine effect in laying bare the
infinite variety of human characters and
types whose contrasts are more striking
in London than even in Paris or else
where in the great and populous centers
of human vice and virtues. So vivid is
the author 's description of the human
flotsam and jetsam, coming and going
with the nights, in Picadilly, like unto
the ebb and flow of the eternal tides
and so picturesquely has the artist in
terpreted the author's ideas and illusions
ed scenes of Picadilly at night, entering
the "lounges" and cafes, which stand
with inviting appearance along the
streets, and participating in the gay and
pieasure-bent pageantry of the crowds,
or watching in silence and pity the moral
and physical cripples whose names are
"It is a scene that stirs the fancy and
touches the imagination. A the the
atr es and music halls of London empty
themselves into the streets, Jhe Circus is
full of the flashing and twinkling of the
multitudinous lights of hurryi ng han
soms, of many carriages speeding home
ward to supper, of streams of people,
men and women, mostly in evening dress
walking along, smiling and jesting, and
talking of what they ha ve been to see.
You catch charming glimpses in the soft
ening electric light of slyph-like forms,
pink flushed, happy faces, snowy shoul
ders hidden in laco or chiffon, or cloaks
of silk and satin. Diamonds sparkle in
my lady's hair her light laughter ripples
over to you, and you smile responsive/
a faint fragrance perfumes the wander
ing air, and the vision sweeps past you,
on outside your radius. An there are
many such visions, each with its own
story, its own revelationbut with these
we have nothing to do, further than to
say that they are all part of this pageant
of the night."
And of the London half-world the au
thor says: "On this lovely summer night
they flaunt themselves in all their brav
ery the majority of them indeed are not
badly dressed, nor are all painted. Some
of them are foreigners, but most of them
are unmistakenly English. Some have
bold eyes, some have not. They seem
soberevery one. But what a number
of the m! An all sorts and sizes, so to
say, all 'fond of a kiss and fond of a
The night side of London "high life"
is on the surface extremely kaleidoscopic,
but beneath the surface and in all es
sentials it differs a little from the night
side of high life from what it was since
high life began. Its main feature is, as
it has always been, and always will be,
Mr. G. Well's anticipations to the con
trary notwithstanding, the pursuit of
pleasure in an everlasting Vanity Fair.
It is a merry-go-round, whose merriness
quickly or slowly, according to the tough
ness of one's physical and moral diges
tion, passes into monotony.
Sketches of club life among the work
ing people and their amusementssketc h
es of the social outcasts and their strug
gle for existence in the dens of human
vice,are dra wn with skill and without
comment, the author is simply painting
in vivid word coloring what he sees, and
endeavors to teach no lesson in morals.
The book ought to have a large sale.
MISSISSIPPI HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publications of the Mississippi Histo
rical Society. Vol. VI. Edited by Frank
lin L. Riley, Secretary. Pp. 568. Ox
ford, Miss.: Printed for the Society.
The sixth volume of the "Publica
tions of the Mississippi Historical So
ciety" is one of the most interesting
which that society has yet given to the
public. Besides giving much interest
ing data with reference to the early
history and settlement of the state, it
follows in a succinct and careful man
ner the industrial development of the
The wars which were fought in the
early times with the aborigines therein,
and famous battles fought during the
War of the Rebellion are described, and
much information which has hitherto
remained obscure, is broug ht to light.
A ,discussion of the Reconstruction of
the Southern States is elaborately set
forth from the view point of the South
and in the light of the present agitation
over the suffrage question, it will be in
teresting to note some things contained
in the chapter on Reconstruction.
"It is deeply interesting at this time,
when the passions aroused by the "Great
Civil War" have passed away, and when
in the tranquility and repose of a patri
otic and reunited people, past events can
be reviewed with calmness and fairness,
to examine the great historical events
connected with this amendment (the
14th amendment) and to draw a ju st
conclusion in respect to the purpose and
motives of its advocates and to under
stand the reasons why the Southern
States declined to accept the ter ms of
reconstruction thus proposed by Con
Th criticism ma de by Mr. Blaine and
the Republican leaders of that time was
that the So.uth's action was character
ized bv a lack of statesmanship and sa
gacity, and that the attitude taken by
them forced Congress to make negro
suffrage the final basis of reconstruction.
As an evidence of the change of view
in which the South now holds Lincoln,
we find the following: "Mr. Lincoln had
contemplated a reconstruction of the
Southern States largely under the au
spices of the executive of the govern
ment, which plan would ha ve restored
the Southern States to representation in
the Union on liberal and magnanimous
"If Mr. Lincoln had lived, his large
personal and political influence, united
with his ta ct and wisdom, might ha ve
smoothed the way to a pacification of
the South. Mr. Johnson was lacking in
all those qualities, and with him the
differences between the Executive and
Congress which Mr. Lincoln would have
reconciled and adjusted assumed the pro
portions of an open rupture.
"Mr. Lincoln was a patriot as well as
a great statesman, and under his au
spices it is improbable that the South
would have been crushed between the
a political war
betweePna Congressional and Execu-
tmes of the
The volume is beautifully illustrated
and is a very valuable contribution to
the historical literature of the country
from the viewpoint of the South.
BIRD GODS I N ANCIENT EUROPE.
"Bird, Gods in Ancient Europe."
Charles Kay With Decorations by
Wharton. 12mo. 273 pp. Cloth. $2.Q0\
New York: A. S. Barnes & Co.
"Bird Gods," by Charles Kav is the
rather unique -title of a volume full of the
rarest.cla ss of information relative to the
leathered deities the Northe
and the oldeof races of the
There is the evidence of much research
in this bookresearch which is exposed
narrati ve style at once attractive and
The ath o: not only tells us.what birds
shipped, but goes into-
the: philosophy of such worship, and-tells
us its reason, in fables and anecdotes
which make very delightful myths.
"Take the woodpecker as an instance
When we pictuae to ourselves the Eu
topean savage, noble ancestor of our
puffed-up race, finding it a matter of
deep thought how to keep a roof over
his head, lo\ ing murder, a "bloody tyrant
to the weak, cringing before power, sub
ject to periodical famines because of his,
sloth and ignorance, to disease because
of his laziness and fiJthv habits, we can
understand his envy and admiration of
a bird which in addition to various mar
velous, superhuman traits, has the pra c
tical side so developed that it can chisel
for itself in a few hours a neat, dry cave
in the bole of a treea. bird ever gay of
heart that seems to -find nourishment
where no green thing grows, right under
its busy beak.
"Mr. Woodpecker was thought to know
the whereabou ts of hidden- treasures
wherefore he is a special creation of the
high god TJkko of the Finns and has a
mysterious affinity to fire, also a rain and
The. author then proceeds to* tell us
of the power the woodpecker exerted
over the Rontons at the time of Hanni-
-pal's entry into the peninsula. Says he
VThe importance of the woodpecker in
the eyes of the Roman soothsayers can
hardly be overestimated.- I have a seal,
Tarab-like in form, showing a man sea t
ed with a bird before him which he ap
pears to be .teaching a- trick. That the
man is an auspex or. soothsayer is rea
sonably certain from the^ fact that he
wears the conical cap seen on the little
statuette with Etruscan inscription in the
THE AI'FEAL: A NATIONAL AFSO-lltEMCAlfM'WSl'Ai'lfifi.
that we fancy ourselves promenading I Press by William Elsey Connelley. 8 vo.,
and paradi ng up and down the illuminat-
"Vatican Museum. Then follows s^vei-al are, she* says, "verv peaceable
very inteiesting anecdotes anent tho men/-*
JOHN JAMES INGALLS.
Jo hn James Ingalls. The writings of
Jo hn James Ingalls. Prepared for the
THE STORY O THE SLAVE.
Slavery and Servitude in New Jersey.
Bv Alfred M. Heston. Memb er of the
New Jersey Historical Society. Camden,
N. J.: Sinnickson Chew & Sons Co.
This monograph is a recital of slavery
and servitude as it existed in New Jer
sey. Th fact is brought out that slav
ery existed in America long before 1619,
when the Dutch traders came with their
cargo of human freight to Jamestown.
The Aztecs in Mexico enslaved not only
enemies taken in battle but those of their
own nation who were convicted of theft
and other crimes. African slavery was
introduced in New Jersey in 1680at least
that is the earliest recorded, instance of
ownership of African slaves. Many of
the leading citizens engaged in the Afri
can slave trade. There is a record of one
good old elder, whose ventur es on the.
African coast always turned out well,
who returned than ks on the Sunday fol
lowing the arrival of a slaver into the
harbor in these words: '.'An overruling
Providence- has been pleased to bring to
this land of .freedom another cargo of
benighted heathen to enjoy the blessings
of gospel dispensation."
Perth Amboy was
mysterious power for good or evil-clus- talk-like them and behave with elegance."
tering about the litle winged god. One "is die most amiable of men tall
Tlie, Cuckoo, Peacock, Owl and othe* and .genteel." wh om the "following lines
birds have in turn been worshipped by
early European racesby the Greeks, Ro
mans, Egyptians, Abyssinians and other
powerful races who wrought SQ. mightily
in days of antiquity.
The author further tells us that "it is
recorded of King Edward the First of
England that on a certain solemn occa
sion in the ye ar 1304, his investiture as
a knight, two swans decorated with gold
nets, were brought in, and- he thereupon
swore an oath to the God of Heaven on
these two swans.
Kans a35CityPrice Mo Th HsoKimberly
The writings, speeches, and orations of
the late Senator Ingalls, one of the great
est men Kansas has produced, ha ve been
gathered and preserved to future genera
tions in book form, and the coUection is
authorized by Mrs. Ingalls, who has de
voted nearly two years to the work of
collecting material for the volume. Be
sides his literary work, there is revealed
what may be called the home side of this
distinguished man which will make in
teresting reading for his friends and ad
mirers. Letters and fragmentary sketches
which have been included exhibit a gentle
and tender quality in the nature and
character of Senator Ingalls which he did
not manifest to the world in his public
career Th country looked upon him as
a man of phenomenal brilliancy, with a
tendency to satire and keen excoriation,
which made him greatly feared by his
enemies and his competitors in debate,
and which drew to the Senate galleries
thousands of auditors whenever it was
known that he was to speak. I is prob
able that his power for withering invec
tive and his mastery of language was
not equaled by any of his contemporaries.
But it is with Senator Ingalls as a man
of deep and responsive affection, and as
a reflective individual, alive to all the hu
man interests of existence, that the book
presented by his devoted wife has to deal.
The following letter affords an illustra
tion of the phase of her husband's char
acter which Mr Ingalls desires to em
Dearest Wife: "Blue Grass" seems to
.be one of those compositions that the
world will not willingly let die.
Those were happy days when it was
written, in the little cottage on the bluff,
looking out over the great river with a
roomful of babies obscure and unknown,
waiting for the destiny, so soon to come
(that was to make me one of the con
spicuous figures of the country for so
many years) How far away it seems!
But I would not recall my life and live
it over again if I could, unless with the
power to improve lost opportunities,
amend errors, and correct mistakes How
clearly we see our folies when it is too
late. YOUR LOVING HUSBAND.
New Jersey's 'Chief
port of entry, and blacks were to be seen
there in goodly numbers, many of them
freshly imported and still bearing their
tribal marks. Adults sold from $200 to
$500. Th system of white bondage,
known as redemptive servitude, existed
throughout the seventeenth and eigh
teenth centuries. This form of bondage
was usually voluntary, and at the expira
tion of the te rm the redemptibners were
merged into the mass of white population
without any special tai nt of servitude.
The importation into the colony of Negro
slaves, who were found to be cheaper
than white servants, checked in a meas
ure the trade in redemptioners.
Many white convicts were shipped to
New Jersey from the British Islands, and
were merged into the mass of the popu
lation. A act providing for the gradual
abolition of slavery was passed by the
New Jersey legislature in 1804. A fur
ther act in 1820 and still later another
in 1846, did not bring about the complete
emancipation of the slaves, although
there were but.-18 in the entire sta te when
Lincoln's proclamation was issued. In
1880. Hon. Garret A. Hobart, at that timo
a member of the state senate, introduced
and had passed a bill which removed
from the statutes the last vestige of slav
ery in Ne Jersey.
The little book'contains much valuable
information. hundred pages, has given practical les
sons on about every advertising subject.
These are in the shape of talks on vari
ous advertising methods, advertising
schemes, specimens of advertisements,
type effects, etc., as well as the princi
ples underlying advertising. Scores of ad
vertising schemes of proven worth are
given in the book. Th questions of pr e
paring advertisements, selecting mediums,
methods of conducting sales and other
features are carefully and fully gone in
to, and throughout the book is embel
lished with many object lessons in the
shape of advertisements and typograph
Fo over ten years the author of this
work, Mi-. J. Ang us MacDonald, has been
associated in an advertising capacity with
some of America's best-known and great
est businesses therefore the plans given
in this book are eminently .practical. The
difference between theory and practice be
comes a very highly interesting differ
ence when brought into spending money
for business purposes.
To those."on the inside" of advertising
matters the name of Mr. MacDonald is
well known, and when the fact became
known that a book on advertising was,
to come from his pen the number of ad-,
vance orders for the volume was so great
as to surprise the publishers, The Lincoln
Pu-blishing Company, Provident Building,
Philadelphia. The facility yet concise
ness of Mr. MacDona'Idfs -style is admi
rable. Advertising would seem a rather
dry and technical subject, but hereevery
page is interesting. The scope Of the
work is indicated by the table of contents,
From a bookmaker's point of view the
book is all that could be desired. I is
handsomely printed on special made an
t'que paper and bound in cloth with an
artistic cover design. The exhaustive in
dex is a feature that the busy man will
SALLY WISTER'S JOURNAL.
Sallv Wister 's Journal. A true narra
tive, being a Quaker maiden 's account
of her experiences with officers of the
Continental arm y, 1777-1778. Edited by
Albert Cook Myers. With reproductions
of portraits, manuscripts, relics and
\iews. 12 mo pp. 224. Philadelphia:
Ferris & Leach.
Sally Wister's Journal is the record
kept by a Quaker girl of 16 during a win
ter famous in the history of this country.
The greater part of the book has to do
with the sayings and doings of American
soldiers visiting or quartered at the farm
house, to their attentions to the writer
and her friend Lyddy and to her regret
when certain of them go upon missions
of peril. Her "teeth rattled" and her
"hand shook like an aspen leaf" wh en
she first saw these soldiers, but she soon
overcomes the feeling thus expressed and
says to her Philadelphia frjend: "My ad
vice is summon up all your resolution,
call fortitude to your aid, and don't suf
fer your spirits to sink, my dear there's
nothi ng like courage 'ti what I stand
in need of myself." Sally soon discov
Successful Advertising, How to Accom
plish it. By J. Angus MacDonald. Cloth.
p. 400. $2. Philadelphia: Lincoln Pub
In "Successful Advertising, How to Ac
complish It," one of the most experienced campaign. "The Thus becomes* involvedTn
advertisers of this country, withm its four the thread of the story which relates to
ered that soldiers, are but human. They increase of over 60,000 since last year.
they eat like othersort folksfo
will most fully characterize:
'Ho skilled he is in- each obliging
"The mildest manners with the bravest
Another soldier. A second is "mons
trous tall and brown, but has a certain
something in his face and conversation
very agreeable." An then, "Here comes
the glory.'the major so bashful, so fa
mous, etc. cannot be ex
to^u'd for the graces of person, but for
those of the mind he may justly be cele
bratedh is large in his person, manly,
and an engaging countenance and ad
dress." ROMANCE O THE COMMONPLACE.
The Romance of the Commonplace. By
Gelett Burgess. $1.50. Sa Francisco.
Paul Elder and Morgan Shepard.
This is a volume of modem philosophy,
which ranks in that class of essays made'
famous by Jerome K. Jerome. Mr. Bur
gess says many clever things in his book,
and one may glance at any chapter and
discover many commonplace things writ
ten in a very uncommon manner. "The
desire to tell secrets," writes the author,
"is one of the most contagious of diseases,
and few of us are immune. Some vigor
ous moral constitutions never succumb,
but once an epidemic begins it is hard
work stopping it, and a secret on the ram
page is well nigh irresistible. Tell your
secret, then, broadcast, and let it ha ve its
way until it dies out. But above all never
confide it to her who asser ts she never has
the slightest desire to tell, for there, like
a seed sown in fertile ground, it will ger
minate and flower long after you have for
gotten it, aye, and bring forth fruit you
Again: "Flatte ry is, however, an edged
tool, and must be used with care. It is
not everyone who has the tact to decide at
a glance ju st how much his victim will
The author treats of art, science and
literature with such a delicate, ironical
criticism, and withal, with so much of
masterful art as to render this book of
PICTURES O SWEDISH LIFE.
Pictures of Swedish Life or Svea and
her Children. Mrs. Woods Baker.
p. 408. $2.50. Engberg-Holmberg Pub
lishing Co.. Chicago.
This is a beautifully printed and elab
orately illustrated volume. Th author
lived for many years in the "Land of the"
Midnight Sun." The illustrations are
especially fine and cover every variety of
Swedish life. Th author writes at
length on the simplicity of living which
characterizes all classes of Sweden's pop
ulation and tells us that the strength of
this people lies therein. "The sons of the
nobility, when further advanced in life,
are accustomed to habits of life most si m
ple and unpretending." In a chapter en
titled "What's in a Name?" the author
shows still further the rule of simplicity
of these people and says, ""With regard to
surnames in Sweden, extremes meet. Th
highest and lowest ha ve none. Oscar II.
is simply Oscar II., dropping the Berna
dotte. Th humblest farm laborer is but
Anders or Axel, while his wife is simply
Brita, Anna or Maria. Wheh a man in
humble life has attain ed distinction even
in ordinary callings he may have a title
which identifies him as "Tailor Larsen"
or "Carpenter Erickson." Th book is
quite an excellent addition to the liter
ature of travel.
The Spoilsmen. A story of Ward poli
tics. By Elliott Flower. Auth or of Po
liceman Flynn. 12 mo. pp. 324. 1.50.
Boston: L. C. Page & Co.
A story of municipal politics depicting
a condition of affairs common to pra c
tically all large cities.
While no attempt has been ma de to
show exact conditions existina- in r,'-
pariicmar locality, the political methods
employed have been tak en from the act
ual experiences of men who have served
the public in some capacity or other, and
the stories told of some of the characters
are literally true.
The love interest centres arqund'a so
ciety girl of high ideals who Inspires- a
wealthy young man to enter the local
the troubles and complications which fol
low an effort to be both upright and su c
cessful in municipal politics.
Andrews's Botany all the Year Round.
By E Andrews, High School. Wash
ington, Ga. Cloth, 8vo, 302 pages. Price.
$1.00. American Book Company, New
York, Cincinnati, and Chicago.
This, book is admirably adapted for
botanical work in the average high
school, and requires no expensive equip
ment. It is based on observation, and in
this, respect meets the popular demand.
The pupil is led to make accura te obser
vations, and from them to deduce safe I
conclusions. is first taught to -ob-
serve the conditions of plant life, then
the essential orga ns of the plant are
taken up, and finally the author treats
of plants as they relate to their sur
roundingsecology. Th book is accu
rate, arid sufficiently full and complete to
meet the needs of secondary schools.
Galdos. Electra. Edited by lotis G.
Bunnell, M. S., of the FJexner School,
Louisville, Ky Cloth, 12mo, 185 pages.
Price, 70 cents.
This drama, which was first presented
at Madrid '.'on-January 30. 1901, made a
deep, impression on the Spanish people.
It was writt en to give expression to the,
author's ambition for his countrv arid
his countrymen, and to urge them *to so
cial and political renovation. I is es
pecially timely and interesting to Amer
ican readers, as showing the contempo
raneoas tre nd of opinion in Spain, which
is but little understood on this side of
the water. I its present form, the first
school edition published in this country,
the bonk contains the necessarv notes,
as well as a complete vocabulary.
The exceptional ..character of the Puritv
Books in the Self and Sex Series has sb
oommeaded itself to the judgment of the
International Committee of the Young Men's
Christian Association that they have re
quested an edition of 12,000 copies of a
reprint of the chapters on the diseases
which accompany vice, for free distributioa
among the soldiers in the Philippines, Cuba
and the other army posts, and through the
general secretaries in India, Japan and
China, and a friend of the purity cause has
contributed the entire amount necessary to
Day for this large edition.
The American Bapti st Year Book for
1903 has been issued by the publication
society of that denomination at Philadel
phia (paper, 25 cents). I gives full de-\
tails of each of the seventeen general so
cieties, which include five of women and
wo of young people. The State organ
izations,-which show the whi te ahd col
ored strength of the Chur ch in separa te
tables, are followed by a summary of sta
tistics which shows that the total mem
bersh ip in America is over 4,330,000, an
THE ART O THE VATICAN.
The Art of the Vatican. By Mary
Knig ht Potter, author of "L,ove in Art.
etc. Large 12 mo cloth decorative, pro
fusely illustrated with full page plates in
photogravure and half tone. $2 net. Bos
ton: L. C. Page & Company.
The author says in her preface:
"It has been thought better to devote as
much consideration as possible to the
most noted of the works rather than to
speak more briefly of many. In this way
it is hoped that the book may be valuable
both for travelers, who wish to have
something more than mere guide-book in
formation of the great treasures of Rome,
and for the amateur who has not sufficient
time or desire to consult the many orig
inal works necessary for a thorough art
It would be impossible to overestimate
the importance of the subject of this book
the Vatican, wherein Michael Angelo
performed his mightiest works, the ter
rific Last Judgment, the monumental
Prophets and Sibyls of the Sistine Chapel
and where Raphael painted his sublimest
compositions, the great frescoes of the
Stanze, and the exquisite arabesques of
Miss Potter describes of all these and
the Borgia apartment, the tapestries,' the
sculpture galleries and the pinacotec
Her book has pictures, of paintings and
statues, plans of the palace, historical
details, a bibliography and an index of
Miss Potter is already well known by
her interesting works upon art and this
her latest and most importa nt book will
be received with pleasure by those inter
ested in the art of the world.
Um\ an! Mnstriat Mite
Organized July 4, 1881, by the State- Legls*
latttfe as Th Tuskeg-ee State Normal Sciiool
Kixempt from- taxation.
BOOKER WASHINGTON, Principal.
WARR EN LOGAN, Treasurer,
x the Black Belt of Alabama where the
blacks outnumber the whites three to one.
ENROLLMENT AND FACULTY
Enrollment last year 1.253 males.. 8S2:
females, 371. Average attendance- 1,105.
COURSE OP STUDY
English education combined with industrial
trailing 28'industries in^ coastant operaxioa.
VALUE OF PROPERTY
Property consisting- of 2.267 acres of land.
50 buildings almost wholly built with student
labor, is valued at $350,000, and no mortgage
$50annually for the education of each stu.
dent ($200 enables one to finish the course
?1,000creates permanent scholarship. Studeti is
pay their own board in cash and labor.)
Money in any amount for current expenses
Besides the work done by graduate* as class
room and industrial leaders, thousands are
reached through the Tuskegee Negro Confer
Tuskegee is40miles east of Montfrotnery and
136 miles west of Atlanta,*on the Western Rail
road of Alabama.
Tuskegree is a quiet, beautiful old Southern
town, and is an ideal place for study. Th cli
mate is at all times mild and uniform, thus
making the place an excellent winter resort.
FOUNDED IN !88l.
Fourteen teachers. Elegant and comraodici:*
iiiil.dings. Climate unsurpassed. 0 partitients
College Preparatory, Normal, Zi-~.KU^h, Mi ta
iiortband, Typewriting and Indn.)Uiul Training.
A great school for our youth. Preparatory,
Normal, Musical, Industrial and Theological
Departments, only S7.50 per month for all ex
penses. Write at once for information or cata
PRESIDENT "WILLIAM VERNON,
A MTCn Canvassing "THE
I All I fill agents for i^""
I N REVELATIOHi, I N HIS-
TORY A3 13* CITISBBMSHIP What tho
Race Has Done and la Doing in Arms, Arts, Ivettera,
the Forum, the School and the Marts of Trade.'' A
record of his achievements and a demonstration of
his possibilities. 500pages, 201) engravings. Bylte7.
J. J. Pipkin. Supervised and introduced by Gen.
John B.Gordon, former Major General in Confeder
ate Armv. Address, for description, terms, and
full particulars and what is said of it by Demo
crats and Republicanswhite and black:
.D.THOMPSO PUBLISHING CO., St. Lotus,Mo
"FOOD FIT FOR THE
Serf fatal tt^^laSMHrvi* PL NY.forFreeBooklet
4s iwmc grocer if hedoes not handletteabove.
COLLEGES Aim SCHOOLS.
Bovs' Hall. Stone Hall. Girls' Hall.
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY^AtJaiita, Ga.
Hn unsectarian Christian Institution, devoted especially to advanced education. College,. Woe
roal, College Preparatory and Kng.ish H.gh School courses, with Industrial Training. isupCTr~
advantages in W.usic and Printing Athietic for boys. Physical culture fqr girls Home B:
and ttaininv. Aid given to nt:edy and deserving students. Term begins the first Wedr.e3*j
is October. For catakgue asd information, --g"^^
rVill pay for board, room, ligfc''.. -I.e'i, tuition anc
incidentals for the entire yea..-, ji^r yc.CO
uont.h, tuition $2.()9 per term, .''.oroiipli trer*
[one i!i o:.icli department. Send iOr circular, to tL
Send vour Sons and Daughters to
WESTERN UNIVERSITY A Christian SChOOl Experienced Faculty
Progressive in all departments, best Methods
Of Instruction, Health of Students carefully
looked after Students taught to do manual
labor as well as think. Fo catalogue and
other information, write to the president,
R. S LOVINGGOO D. AUSTIN, TEXAS.
HOKAC E BUM&TOAD. P.P.
Virginia Normal Collegiate
X"partaients- Normal and Coltev
triate Special attention o Vocal and.
Instrumental Music,Theoretical Agrtw
culture, Sewing and Cooklne.
Healthy Location hea-tcd by steamv,
lighted toy ^^ctxicity Pooox, fcoara.
tnitiou, light au heat, $60.
Tor Catalog and Partter*ar
write to J. H. OB Jf STON, President..
'GOB MATH MADE OF WE Bl Om
ALL XATI0.VS OF XEJf,"
IS THE MOTTO OF
riiristiaru, noii-secturia.M. Three eollepu cosirs-
.'.i..Musie,Acadeiay, Normal.Mauuul. Tuition tree.
Incidental fee $4.50 a term. J-ixpenses low. No
saloons. 2'K) white and 21 i Al'ro-Amrriwui sMid
uts. Go Wi miles if need be to v..\.r mi: V.i^f
PKJ:.S. WiM. (jr. FROST, J'I I. I)., I5i:.-trA.
For both seves. Departments of Law Mdiein^.
Thannaey, llasic. Missionary Training, Coileiv
College Preparatory, Kntriish and jtndnsiria'.,
Ve.-'r begins October Jst. tt\ir catalogues, Uvilar#
and other informal' address,
PRES. OKAS. 3- NU-3LRVE
Raleigh \l- C.
OLDEST AND BEST SCHOOL
Texas for Afro-American students^
Reputation unsurpassed. Manual Tram
rag a part of the regular course. Music a.
special feature of the school. Special ad
vantages for earnest students seeking to
help themselves. Address
Rev. Marshall R. Gaines, A. M.,
President. Austin. Texas.
ALLEGHENY, P. A.
A Practical, Literary and Inr'astrlal
Trades School for Afro-American Boys and
Girls. Unusual advantages for iiirls and a
separate building-. Address,
JOSE PH D. MAIIONE Y, Principal.
SAMUEL HUSTON COLLEGE,
The why some shop
keepers do not sell
is they make more
money on imitations
50 cents and a dollar.
Ask at favorite shop,
or r-ost prepaid from
C. A. Edgarton Mfg. Co.
Box215, Shirley, Mais.
Send ccnta for catalogue.
Unoqualed for Tone, Durability
We will gladh/ send free a beautiful Att
Souvenir Catalogue and "Facts About The
Mandolin" and "How to Play Ttie Man
dolin" if you will send us your address on
a postal card.
LYON & HEALY, "ShS.81"
TiiWcrit'i Un Wi)B. MU "KnntMaf Knows la Musta.*
Brewed from carefully selected barley and hops never permitted to
leave the brewery until properly aged.
'He Makes Shirts*
3 for $5.00.