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4 HAT1DHAL AF80-AMERICAM NEWSPAPER
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49 East 4th St., St. Paul, MlflU,
SATURDAY, MAY 2 1903.
When the so-called "Negro Problem"
i- the subject of discussion, the whites
generally say. that it is because the
blacks are lacking in education and
business instincts, that they are ob
jectionable We are inclined to the
belief that this is not the true cause
oi object ion. There are millions of
\ric~Amoricans wh,o are equal to the
a\eiaee of any nationality, in the same
wa'lis o" lite, in point cf education.
en there are millions of owners of
ror"Vty The whites both South and
Not ih do protest that they are the
1 "St friends the Afro-Americans have,
that both aie sitting up nights, evolv
ing schemes looking toward their bet
terment and happiness in every way
yet, both are trying to force them into
paths leading -to these desirable goals,
other than the ones they, themselves
tread. They do not wish to measure
the Afro-American's happiness, ambi
tions, feelings, desires, contentedness,
patriotism, fealty, loyalty, rights, jus
tice, in short, anything by their own
quart measure, but a special measure
must be .used. Our white friends both
better for us than we will for our
^North and South, who think they know
our needs better than we do ourselves,
and who imagine, or, would have us
Imagine, that they will do more and
selves, are, to put It mildly, mistaken, tions.
The good ^boojk says there is trot one
path- leading to heaven and that is
straight and narrow, but it is the only
way in. The same principle might be
applied to the road to success. If
white men would not put any ob
stacles in the rqad to success, the
black man would sometimes- reach the
goal and, he sometimes gets there
despite the obstacles. There is not a
year in which Afro-Americans do not
forge the front in some of the ina
stitutions of learning, where the races
are mixed, and there are no distinc
tions on account of color. In business
circles the color line is so strongly
drawn that an Afro-American, no mat
ter how superior his ability, has abso
lutely no chance, no hope, for equita
ble promotion, if, indeed, he is even
permitted to place his foot upon the
first round of the ladder. The most
notable instance in this regard that
has come to our notice recently is that
which occurred in Beggs, I. T.,
last week. According to press dis
patches: Three weeks ago a family
of Afro-Americans consisting of a fa
ther and three sons moved from Ala
bama to Beggs. They had $10,000,
and bought property, built a storev
building and put in a stock of goods.
They paid no attention to a warning
in the shape of suggestive pointers,
and on last Saturday night a stick of
dynamite was set off under one end
of the building and it was totally
wrecked. Now,, how does this damna
ble outrage compare with these pro
testations of our white friends? Here
were people who, even under the diffi
ties with which they had to contend
in Alabama, saved $10,000 and when
they could no longer tolerate the
treatment they received in that God
forsaken state, they went where they
thought they would surely have a
man's chance, and what is the result,
simply because they were Afro-Amer
The trouble with whites, and the
whole trouble is, that they do not wish
to tote fair. No Afro-American wants
any special privileges, he just wants
his nationality or color to be no bar
to his progress or advancement in any
direction, and then the devil take the
hindmost. The Afro-Americans are
lot the kickers, ALL the kicks come
from the whites. He wishes to, and
would live in perfect harmony with
all his neighbors if allowed to do so.
Nearly every avenue in which it is
possible to make a decent living is
closed against Afro-Americans, no
matter how worthy nor how well
qualified they may be. The "Negro
Problem" in a nut shell is that the
whites utterly ignore the Golden Rule
so far as their black brothers are con
cerned. If they would only do unto
them as they themselves would have
their black brothers do unto them
were the tables turned the "Negro
would soon be solved.
The court of the United
States has again held to its hidebound
policy of giving the Afro-American a
sJap in the face every time he pokes
.us head within its doors. This honor-,
^ble, upright court has decided that it
annot find redress for the Afro-Amer-
icans who were in a shameless, damna
ble, outrageous manner deprived of
their right to go on the registration
lists of Alabama. How men who claim
to represent justice can so degrade
their high calling is beyond our com
prehensionunless the honorabje,
court still holds to the Taney doctrine
that: "A black man has no rights
that a white man is bound to respect."
The St. Paul Pioneer Press says:
"Carnegie's gift of $600,000 to the
Tuskogee institute will do more good
than ten times the amount to libra
ries. And not all his bestowals upon
the latter combined have warmed as
many hearts toward him as this one
in furtherance of Booker Washing
ton's grand work for the uplifting of
J. Elbert Cutler, a Yale post-grad
uate, has made lynching the subject of
his thesis. There have been 3,233
lynchings in 21 years and among the
victims 1872 were Afro-Americans and
only 35 per cent of them were lynched
ior criminal assault. He-says the ed
ucational agencies in the south can do
more than any other single force to
The Newspaper Deadhead.
Why should people ask for free news
papers, asks the Toronto Evening Tel
egram, any more than they look for
free cigars, free umbrellas, free walk
ing sticks, free collars, free cuffs or
free beefsteaks? Every copy of a
newspaper is a product which costs
money. Tfye tailor, the tobacconist,
the gents' furnisher or the grocer is
not called upon to supply free copies
of the products whfch they handle.
The people who are aggrieved If they
cannot get a free copy of a newspaper
would not thjpk of struggling for a
place on the free list of a grocery store,
a dry goods store, or butcher's shop.
It is the principle more than the
cost of the free newspaper idea which
is repugnant to all sound business no-
THE NIGHT SIDE O LONDON.
"The Night Side of London." Rob
ert Maehray. Illustrated. 8 vo. Deco-r
rated cloth- $2.50 net. Philadelphia:
B. Lippincott Company.
"The Night 'Side of London," by Rob
ert Maehray, is a unusually interesting
book. The illustrations by Tom Brown
re drawn with ski ll and enhance the in
terest one takes in it The pen of the
author and pencil of the artist are both
used with fine effect in laying bare the
infinite variety of human characters and
types whose contrasts are more striking
in London than even in Paris or else
where in the great and populous centers
of human vice and virtues. S vivid is
the author's description of the human
flotsam and jetsam, coming and going
with the nights, in Picadilly, like unto
the ebb and flow of the eternal tides
and so picturesquely has the artist in
terpreted the author's ideas and illusions
that fancy ourselves promenading
and parading up and do?vn the illuminat
scenes of Picadilly a night, entering
the "lounges" and cafes, which stand
with inviting appearance along the
streets, and participating in the gay and
pieasure-bent pageantry of the" crowds,
or watching in silence and pity the moral
and physical cripples whose names are
"It is a scene that stirs the fancy and
touches the imagination. A the the
atres and music halls of London empty
themselves into the streets, the Circus is
full of the flashing and twinkling of the
multitudinous lights of hurrying han
soms, of many carriages speeding home
ward to supper, of streams of people,
men and women, mostly in evening dress
walking along, smiling and jesting, and
talking of what they have been to see.
You catch charming glimpses in the soft
ening electric light of slyph-like forms,
pink flushed, happy faces, snowy shoul
ders hidden in lace or chiffon, or cloaks
of silk and satin. Diamonds sparkle in
my lady's hairhe light laughter ripples
over to \ou, and you smile responsive
a faint fragrance perfumes the wander
ing air, and the Vision sweeps past you,
on outside, your radius. And there are
many such visions, each with its own
story, its own revelationbut with these
we have nothing to do further than to
say that they are all part of this pageant
of the night."
And of the London half-world the au
thor says: "On this lovely summer night
they flaunt themselves in all their biav
eryth majority of them indeed are not
badly dressed, nor are all painted. Some
of them are foreigners, but most of them
are unmistakenly English. Some have
bold eyes, some have not. They seem
soberevery one. But what a number
of them! And all sorts and sizes, so to
say, all 'fond of a kiss and fond of a
The night side of London "high life"
is on the surface extremely kaleidoscopic,
but beneath the surface and in all es
sentials it differs a little from the night
side of high life from what it was since
high life began. Its main feature is a
it has always been, and always will be,
Mr. G. Well's anticipations to the con
trary notwithstanding, the pursuit of
pleasure in a everlasting "Vanity Fair.
It is a merry-go-round, whose merriness
quickly or slowly, according to the tough
ness of one's physical and moral diges
tion, passes into monotony.
Sketches of club life among the work
ing people and their amusementssketch
of the social outcasts and their strug
gle for existence in the dens of human
vice,are drawn with ski ll and without
comment, the author is simply painting
in vivid word coloring what sees, and
endeavors to teach no lesson in morals.
The book ought to have a large, sale.
MISSISSIPPI HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publications of the Mississippi Histo
.rical Society. Vo l. VI. Edited by Frank
lin Riley, Secretary. Pp- 568. Ox
ford, Miss.: Printed for the Society.
The sixth volume of the "Publica
tions of the Mississippi Historical So
ciety" is one of the most interesting
which that society has yet given to the
public. Besides giving much interest
ing data with reference to the early
history and settlement of the state, it
follows in a succinct and careful man
ner the industrial development of the
The wars which were fought in the
early times with the aborigines therein,
and famous battles fought during the
War of the Rebellion are described, and
much information which/ has hitherto
remained obscure, is brought to light.
A discussion of the Reconstruction of
the Southern States is elaborately set
forth from the view point of the South
and in the light of the present agitation
over the suffrage question, it wi ll be in
teresting to note some things contained
in the chapter on Reconstruction.
"It is deeply interesting at .this time,
when the passions aroused by the "Great
Civil War" have passed away, and when
in the tranquility and repose of a patri
otic and reunited people, past events can
be reviewed with calmness and fairness,
to examine the great historical events
connected with this amendment (the
14th amendment) and to draw a just
conclusion respect to the purpose and
motives of its advocatesan to undei
stand the reasons why the Southern
States declined to accept the terms of
reconstruction thus proposed bv Con
The criticism made by Mr Blaine and
the Republican leaders of that time was
that the South's action was character
ized a lack of statesmanship and sa
gacity, and that the attitude taken by
them forced Congress to make negro
suffrage the final basis of reconstruction.
A an evidence of the change of view
in which the South now holds Lincoln,
we find the following. "Mr. Lincoln had
contemplated a reconstruction of the
Southern States largely under the au
spices of the executive of the govern
ment, which plan would have restored
the Southern States to representation in
the Union on liberal and magnanimous
"If Mr Lincoln had lived, his large
personal and political influence, united
with his tact and wisdom, might have
smoothed the way to a pacification of
the South., Mr Johnson was lacking in
all those qualities, and with him the
differences between* the Executive and
Congress which Mr Lincoln would have
reconciled and adjusted assumed the pro
portions of a open rupture.
"Mr. Lincoln was a patriot a well a
a great statesman, and under his au p
spices it is improbable that the South
would have been crushed between the
two contending forces in a political war
between" the Congressional and Execu
tive departments of the* government
The volume is beautifully illustrated
and is a very valuable contribution to
the historical literature of the countrv
from the viewpoint of the South.
BIRD GODS I N ANCIENT EUROPE
"Bird Gods in Ancient Europe."
Charles Kay. With Decorations
Wharton 12mo. 273 pp. Cloth. $2.0fc
.ew York: A S Barnes & Co.
Bird Gods," by Charles Kav. is the
rather unique title of a volume full of the
rarest class of information relative to the
feathered deities Of the Northern Euro
pean and the old ed races om hhe ear te
in tvfi A
in this bookresearch which is exposed
in narrative style a once attractive and
The author noUonly tells us what birds
the ancients woishipped^ but goes into
the philosophy of such worship, and tells
us its reason, in fables and anecdotes
which make very delightful myths.
"Take the woodpecker a a instance.
When picture to ourselves the Eu
lopean savage, noble ancestor of our
puffed-up race, finding it a matter of
deep thought how to keep a roof over
his head, loving murder, a bloody tyrant
to the weak, cringing before power, sub
ject to periodical famines because of his
sloth) and ignorance, to disease because
of his laziness and filthy habits, can
understand his envy and admiration of
a bird which in addition to various mar
velous, superhuman traits, has the prac
tical side so developed that it can chisel
for itself in a few hours a neat, dry cave
In the bole of a treea bird ever gay of
heart that seems to find nourishment
where green thing grows, right under
its busy beak.
"Mr. Woodpecker was thought to know
the whereabouts of hidden treasures
wherefore he is a special creation of the
high god TJkko of the Finns and has a
mysterious affinity to fire, also a rain and
The author then proceeds to Jell
of the power the woodpecker exerted
over the Romans a the time of Hanni
bal's entry into the peninsula. Says
"The importance of the woodpecker in
the eyes of the Roman soothsayers can
hardly be overestimated. I have a seal,
scarab-like in form, showing a man seat
with a bird before him. which aD
pears to be teaching a trick. That the
man is an auspex or soothsayer I rea
sonably certain from the fact that
wears the conical ^cap seen the little
Statuette with Etruscan inscription in the
JOHN JAMES INGALLS.
1 THE STORY O THE SLAVE.
Slavery and Servitude in New Jersey.
Alfred Heston. Member of the
New Jersev Historical Society. Camden,
N. J.: Smnickson Chew & Sons Co.
This monograph is a recital of slavery
and servitude a it existed in New Jer
sey. The fact is brought out that slav
ery- existed in America long before 1619,
when the Dutch traders came with their
cargo of human freight to Jamestown.
The Aztecs in Mexico enslaved not only
enemies taken in battle but those of their
own nation who were convicted of theft
and other crimes. African slavery was
introduced in New Jersey in 1S80at least
that is the earliest recorded instance of
ownership of African slaves. Many of
the leading citizens engaged in the Afri
can slave trade. There is a record of one
good old elder, whose ventures on the
African coast always turned out well,
who returned thanks on the Sunday fol
lowing the arrival of a slaver into the
harbor in these words: "An overruling
Providence has been pleased to bring to
this land of freedom another cargo of
benighted heathen to enjoy the blessings
of gospel dispensation."
Perth Amboy was New Jersey's chief
port of entry, and blacks were to seen
there in goodly numbers, many of them
freshly imported and still bearing their
tribal marks. Adults sold from $200
$500. The system of white bondage,
known a redemptive servitude, existed
throughout the seventeenth and eigh
teenth centuries. This form of bondage
was usually voluntary, and at the expira
tion of the term the redemptioners were
merged into the mass of white population
without any special taint of servitude
The importation into the colony of Negro
slaves, who were found to be cheaper
than white servants, checked in a meas
ure the trade in redemptioners.
Many white convicts were shipped to
Now Jersey from the British Islands, and
were merged into the mass of the popu
lation. A act providing for the giadual
abolition of slavery was passed by the
New Jersey legislatme 1804 A fur
ther act in 1820 and still later anothei
in 1S46, did not bring about the complete
emancipation of the slaves, although
there were but I S the entue state when
Lincoln's proclamation was issued I
1880, Hon. Garret A Hobart. at that time
a member or' the state senate, introduced
and had passed a bill which removed
from the statutes the last vestige of sla\
erv in New Jersey
The little book contains much valuable
Successful Advertising, How to Accom
plish it. Angus MacDonald. Cloth.
p. 400. $2. Philadelphia: Lincoln Pub
In "Successful Advertising, How to Ac
complish It," one of the most experienced
advertisers of this country, within its four
hundred pages, has given practical les
sons on about every advertising subject.
These are in the shape of talks on vari
ous advertising methods, advertising
schemes, specimens of advertisements,
type effects, etc., a well as the princi
ples underlying advertising. Scores of ad
vertising schemes of proven worth are
given in the book. The questions of pre
aring advertisements, selecting mediums,
methods of conducting sales and other
features are earefully and fully gone in
to, and throughout the book is embel
lished with many object lessons in the
shape of advertisements and typograph
For over ten years the author of this
work, Mr. Angus MacDonald, has been
associated in a advertising capacity with
some of America's best-known and great
est businessestherefor the plans given
in this book are eminently practical. The
difference between theory and practice be
comes a very highly interesting differ
ence when brought into spending money
for business purposes.
those "o the inside" of advertising
matters the name of Mr MacDonald is
well known, and when the fact became
known that a book on advertising was
to come from his pen the number of ad
vance orders for the volume was so great
as to surprise the publishers. The Lincoln
Publishing Company. Provident Building,
Philadelphia. The facility yet concise
ness of Mr MacDonald's style is admi
rabl e. Advertising would seem a rather
dry and technical subject, but here every
page is interesting. The scope of the
work is indicated by the table of contents,
From a bookmaker's point of view the
book is all that could be desired I is
handsomely printed on special made an
tique paper and bound in cloth with an
artistic Cover design. The exhaustive in
dex *s a feature that the busy man will
SALLY WISTER'S JOURNAL.
Sally Wister's Journal. A true narra
tive, being a Quaker maiden's account
of her experiences with officers of the
Continental army, 1777-1778. Edited
Albert Cook Myers. With reproductions
of portraits, manuscripts, relics and
views. 12 mo. pp. 224 Philadelphia:
Ferris & Leach.
Sally Wister's Jdurnal is the record
kept by a Quaker girl of 16 during a win
ter famous in the history of this country.
The greater part of the book has to do
with the sayings and doings of American
soldiers visiting quartered a the farm
house, to their attentions the writer
and her friend Lyddy and to her regret
when certain of them upon missions
of peril. Her "teeth rattled" and her
"hand shook like a aspen leaf" when
sh*" first saw these soldiei-s, but she soon
overcomes the feeling thus expressed and
says to her Philadelphia friend: "My ad
vice is summon all your resolution,
call fortitude to your aid, and don't suf- I
in need of myself." Sally soon discov-
Vatican Museum. Then follows several are, she says, ""very peaceable sort off
very inteiesting anecdotes anent the men* they eat like other folks,
mvstenous power for good or evil clus- talk like them and behave with elegance."
tering about the litle winged god. One "i the most amiable of men tall!
1 UQ, Cuckoo, Peacock, Owl and other and genteel," whom the "following lines
birds have in turn been worshipped by tin
early European racesby the Greeks, Ro
mans, Egyptians. Abyssinians and other
powerful races who wrought so mightily
days of antiquity.
The author further tells that "i is
recorded of King Edward the First of
England that on a certain solemn occa
sion in the year 1304, his investiture a
a knight, two swans decorated with gold
nets, were brought in and thereupon
swore a oath to the God of Heaven on
these two swans.
John James Ingalls. The writings of
John James Ingalls. Prepared for the
press by William Elsey Connelley. S
p. 535. Price according to binding.
Kansas City, Mo. The Hudson-Kimberly
The writings, speeches, and orations of
the late Senator Ingalls. one of the great
est men Kansas has produced, have been
gathered and preserved to future, genera
tions book form, and the collection i
authonzed by Mrs. Ingalls, who has de
voted nearly two years to the work of
collecting material for the volume. Be
sides his liteiary work, there is revealed
what may be called the home side of this
distinguished man, which will make in
teresting reading for his friends and ad
mireis. Letters and fragmentary sketches
which have been included exhibit a gentle
and tender quality in the nature and
character of Senator Ingalls which did
not manifest to the world in his public
career The country looked upon him a
a man of phenomenal brilliancy, with a
tendency to satire and keen excoriation,
which made him-gieatly feared by his
enemies and his competitors in debate,
and which drew to the Senate galleries
thousands of auditors whenever it was
known that he was to speak. I is prob
able that his power for withering invec
tive and his mastery of language was
not equaled by any ot his contemporaries.
But it is with Senator Ingalls a a man
of deep and responsive affection, and a
a reflective individual, alive to all the hu
man interests of existence, that the book
presented by his devoted wife has to deal.
The following letter affords a illustra
tion of the phase of her husband's char
acter which Mis Ingalls desires to em
Dearest Wife. "Blue Grass" seems %p
be one of those compositions that the
world wi ll not willingly let die.
Those weie happy days when it was
written, in the little cottage on the bluff,
looking out over the great river with a
roomful of babiesobscur and unknown,
waiting for the destiny, so soon come
(that was to make one of the con
spicuous figures of the .country for so
many vears) How far away it seems!
But I would not recall life and live
it over again if I could, unless with the
power to improve lost opportunities,
amend errors, and correct mistakes How
clearly see bu folies when it is too
late. YOUR LOVING HUSBAND.
ii ^i^- mlly cnaracterize
'How skilled he is each obliging
Thr -viM/--*- manners with the biavest
Anoj.t.i soldier. A second is "mons
trous tall and blown, but has a ceitam
something in his face and conversation
v*ry 'fixeeahle." And then "Here comps
the gloiy, the major bashful, SOJ fa
mous, etc- cannot be ex
toll'd for the graces of person, but for
those of the mind he may justly be cele
bratedh is large in his person, maniv,
and an engaging countenance and ad
THE ART O THE. VATICAN.
The Art of the Vatican. Mary
Knight Potter, author of "Love in Art,"
et c. Large 12 mo. cloth decorative, pro
fusely illustrated with full page plates
photogravure and half tone. $ 2 net. Bos
to n: Page & CompanyV
The author says in her preface:
"It has been thought better to devote a
much consideration a possible to the
most noted of the works rather than to
speak more briefly of many. I this way
it is hoped that the book may be valuable
both for travelers, who wish to have
something moie than mere guide-book in
formation of the great treasures of Rome,
and for the amateur who has not sufficient
time or desire to consult the many orig
inal works necessary for a thorough art
It would be impossible to overestimate
the importance of the subject of this book
the Vatican, wherein Michael Angelo
performed his mightiest works, the ter
rific Last Judgment, the monumental
Prophets and Sibyls of the Sistine Chapel
and where Raphael painted his sublimest
compositions, the great frescoes of the
Stanze, and the exquisite arabesques of
Miss Potter describes of all these and
the Borgia apartment, the tapestries, the
sculpture galleries and* the pinacotec.
Her book has pictures of paintings and
statues, plans of the palace, historical
details, a bibliography and a index of
Miss Potter is already well known by
her inteiesting works upon art and this
her latest and most important book will
be received with pleasure by those inter
ested in the art of the world.
ROMANCE O THE COMMONPLACE
The Romance of the Commonplace.
Gelett Burgess. $1.50. San Francisco.
Paul Elder and Morgan Shepard.
This i a volume of modern philosophy,
which ranks in that class of essays made
famous by Jerome Jerome. Mr Bur
gess says many clever things in his book,
and one may glance a any chapter and
discover many commonplace things writ
ten in a very uncommon manner. "The
desire to tell secrets," writes the author,
-:s one of the most contagious- of diseases,
and few of us are immune. Some vigor
ous moral constitutions never succumb,
but once a epidemic begins it is hardf
work stopping it, and a* secret oir the ram
page is well nigh irresistible. Tell your
seeret, then, broadcast, and let it have its
way until it dies out. But above ail never
confide it to her who. asserts she never has
the slightest desire tell, for there, like
a seed sown in fertilise grotmdt it win ger
minate and flower long after you have for
gotten it aye, and bring forth fruit you
Again: "Flattery Is, however, am edged!
tool, and must be used with care. I is
not everyone who has the tact decide at
a glance just how much his victim will
The author treats of art, seieraee and!
literature with such a delicate, ironical
criticism, and withal, with so- much
masterful art a to render this book of
PICTURES O SWEDISH LIFE.
Pictures of Swedish Lifeo Svea and!
her Children. Mrs Woods Baker.
p. 408. $2 50. Engberg-Holmberg Pub
lishing Co., Chicago.
This is a beautifully printed and elab
orately illustrated volume. The author
lived for many years in the "Land of the
Midnight Sun." The illustrations are
especially fine and cover every variety of
Swedish life. The author writes a
length oh the simplicity of living which
characterizes all classes of Sweden's pop
ulation and tells us that the strength of
this people lies therein. "The sons of the
nobility, when further advanced in life,
are accustomed to habits of life most sim
le and unpretending." I a chapter en
titled "What's in a Name?" the author
shows still further the rule of simplicity
of these people and says, "With regard
surnames in Sweden, extremes meet. The
highest and lowest have none. Oscar II
is simply Oscar II, dropping the Berna
dotte. The humblest farm laborer is but
Anders or Axel, while his wife is simply
Brita. Anna or Maria. When a man in
humble life has attained distinction even
in ordinary callings he may have a title
which identifi es him as "Tailor Larsen"
or "Carpenter Enckson." The book is
quite an excellent addition to* the liter
ature ot travel.
The Spoilsmen. A story of Ward poli
tic s. Elliott Flower. Author of Po
liceman Flnn. 12 324. $1 50
Boston- C. Page &
A story of municipal politics depicting
a condition of affairs common to prac
tically all laige cities.
While no attempt has been made to
show exact conditions existing- in anv
paiticular locality, the political methods
employed have been taken from the act
uexperiences of men who have serv eedd
are literal ly true.
The love interest centres around a so
ciety girl of high ideals who inspires a
wealthy young man to enter the local
campaign. She thus becomes involved in
the thread of the story which relates to
the troubles and complications which fol
low a effort to be both upright and suc
cessful in municipal politics.
Andrews's Botany all the Year Round.
E Andrews, High School/ Wash
ington, Ga Cloth, 8vo, 302 pages. Price.
$1.00. American Book Company, New
York. Cincinnati, and Chicago.
This book is admirably adapted for
botanical work in the average high
school, and requires no expensive equip
ment. I is based on observation, and in
this respect meets the popular demand.
The pupil is led to make accurate obser
vations, and from them to deduce safe
conclusions. is first taught to ob
serve the conditions of plant life, then
the essential organs of the plant are
taken up and finally the author treats
of plants a they relate to their sur
roundingsecology. The* book is accu
rate, and sufficiently full and complete to
meet the needs of secondary schools.
Galdos. Electra. Edited by' Otis G.
Bunnell, S. of the Flexner School,
Louisville, Ky. Cloth, 12mo, 185 pages.
Price, 70 cents.
This drama, which Was first presented
at Madrid on January 30, 1901, made a
deep impression on the Spanish people.
It was written to give expression to the
authors ambition for his country and
his countrymen, and to urge them to so
cial and political renovation. I is es
pecially timely and interesting to Amer
ican readers, a showing the contempo
raneous trend of opinion in Spain, which
is but little understood on this side of
the water. I its present form, the first
school edition published in this country,
the book contains the necessary notes
as well a a complete vocabularv.
fer your spirits sink, dearthere' 1 f??-??* 9 followed bt summary om st a*-
nothing like courage'ti what stand X^E'S Def
ered that soldiers are put human. They increase of over 60,000 since last year.p-
exceptional character of the Purity
Books in the Self and Sex Series has so
commended itself to the judgment of the
International Committee of the Young Men's
Christian Association that they have re
quested an edition of 12,000 copi es of a
reprint of the chapters on the diseases
which accompany vice, for free distribution
among the soldiers in the Philippines, Cuba
and the other army posts, and through the
general secretaries I India, Japan and
China, and a friend ot the parity cause has
contribut ed the entire amount necessary to
Day for this large edition.
Tne American Baptist Year Book for
1303 has been issued by the publication
society of that denomination at Philadel
phia (paper, 25 cents). I gives full de
tails of each of the seventeen general so
cieties, which include five of women and
two of young people^ The State organ
iations, which show hu white and col- zz
a wnicn snow the W
shows aat the total em
smp in America is over 4,330,000, a
Normal anil Industrial Mu te
Prganized.Iuly 4, 1881, by the State- Legis-
lature as The Tuskegee State Normal School,
eucempt from taxation.
BOOKER WASHINGJEON, Principal,
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer.
In the Black Belt of Alabama* where the
blacks outnumber the whites,three to one.
ENROLLMENT AND FACULTY*
Enrollment last year l',2S3 males. 882-
females, 371. Average attendance, 1,105.
English education combined with industrial!
training 2&imdn&tTies in constant operation.
VALUE. O PROPERTY
Property/ consisting of 2.26Tacres of land.
50 building^ almost wholly built with student
Jlabor, is valued at $350,000, and. no mortgage
SSOiatLttuaUy foirthe education, each' strn
dent ($20O'enabte. one to finish) the course-
pay their owm board Lit cash and labor
Money in. any amount jEofi auisreret eaLpenbev
Besides the work done by graduat es as^ class.
room and! industrial leaders, thousand* are
reached] through the Tuskegee ~\egvo CanJer
Fourteen teaohersw Kfeg:mt and
luildings,- Climate mnsurpasw1-
Send your Sons and Daughters to
A great school for our youth. Preparatory,
Normal, Musical, Industrial and Theological
Departments, only $7.50 per month for all ex.
penses. Write at once for information or cata
PRESIDENT WILLIAM VERNON.
I All I fill agents for
I N RJBVEIiATIOHr, I N
TORY AKD 1ST CITIZENSHIP What the
Race Has Done and Is Doing in Arms. Arts, Letters.
the Forum, the School and the Marts of Trade. A
record of his achievements and a demonstration ct
sa.l sss&s-sssHS'iSi assess rSSrffl'sssKi2=?s
expenence men who have servf,^'g XpS^=S b"'S'
full particulars and what is said of it by Demo
crats and Kepubllcanswhite and black:
U.D.THOMPSON PUBLISHING CO., St.Louis,ato.
"FOOD FIT FOR THE
What a fine thing
m. wtk(Arin$ is for he makers of linens, cottons
and the like? ow Keeps their business! Clothes
tssed up quickly others must be bought. Pearline
washes so thfU clothes tost longer. Instead of rub
bing the garment aw ay by ^main strength PEAR
LINE harmlessly soa.fc out thv dirt* Think of tho
saving to clothes in a. ywa.r!
PeaLfliiic means Economy
COLLEGE5 AND SCHOOLS.
Knowles building. Boys' Hall. Stone Hall.
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY, Atlanta, Ga.
An unsectarian Christian Institution, devot ed especially to advanced education College, Nor
noal, College Preparatory and English H'gh School courses, with. Industrial Training Super*-
advantages in lviusic and Printing, Athletic for boys Physical culturerfor girls Home I a
and training. Aid given to needy and deserving students. Term begins- the" first Wednesdt..
in October. For catalog ue and information, address
President HORACE BX3MS.VEAD. D.D.
dbsfwetfjnwymr if hesV mI hwsicH* obwe.
Girls' Halll Model Home.
Virginia Normal Collegfate
"Apartment- Normal! and Colle
.triage Special attention to Vocal anu
Inst rttmentalMusic,Theoretical Agri
culture, Sewing and CNoklne,
Healthy Location heated brsteatn
*ctricity: room, tooara,
tuition, light and hat,$C0.
Eor Catalog and Partlc-iar*
write to Jv H. JOHNSTON,
GOD IUTH MADE OF 0XE 81 OOX
ALL NATIONS 0FMK.V*
13 TUB MOTTO OV
Tuskegee is40'miles-eat of on*goniery and I
13b miles west of Atlant a, on: the Weste rn Eaa l
row a Alabama
Tuskegee* is a ctttsiet, feeau.-fcif t*i old. southed*,
town, an Is an deal place for study. hx? 11-
mate is. at all times mild and) uniform, thua
making: titf* piaca am exceltoBtL wntter cesflj:t
Morristown Normal Colioga
FOUNDED IN 1881.
Jollege Preparatory. Normal. ZTjgli ,fc, Mv-Wj
ihorthaad. Typewittlnsr and Indaisx-l^l. Training.
IFTY DOLLARS i ADVAKCt
Vi'l pay for board, room lfsrl: T^e., tuition anc
ncidentals for the entire yea ^Ou,rd ij.0
uonth tuition $2.08 per term. orougb -wpr'
lone in each department. Send .or circular, ton.
.ires'dont REV. JUDSON S. tfiLL. D.
christian, non-bectarju'i 'llnoo OOMOKU ours*
s Music. Aeadoiuy, Noraiul Mannai TOiuonitree.
aordenraJ feo Wi60, a term Kv^onses low N
viloons. 2VJ an1dneed'Uc 217 AiTO-Anierioan, Mud
ritt. (JO It"'1)whites
to oi.i 'in* BLa
K'UL'C *TIO Address,
HU ES WM. (J. FHOST 1*I 1) Hi fi'A, KV
Kor both sexes. Bepartinein^oJPIiaw ModKlmv
Pharmacy. Mumc, Mlsslouii/ry Tiainluw Col'ex^
College Preparatory, Kutdihii and indusiria.
Yopr begins October
and other Jnforraat1'
Fi cuialogues riMiu
PRES. OHAS 3. MESCRYE
Raleigh N- C,
GMLTSE&T AND BEST SCfe+OOl.
litL Texas for Afiro-Anaeiriearj students
Reputation unsurpassed^. Manual Train
ing a pai of tb regular eoxirse. Music a.
special feature of the school. Special ad
vantages for earnest stuAnts seeking to*
help themseDves.. Address
Rev. Marshall Ft. Gatrves, A M.
President. Austin, Texas.
ALLEGHENY, P. A.
A Practical, Literary and Iadoetrla.1
Trades School for Afro-American Boys and
i Girls. Unusual advantages for Girls aad
separate building. Address,
I JOSBPH MAHO.NEY, Principal
SAMUEL HUSTON COLLEGE,
A Christian School L^l^nced Acuity
Progressive in all departments, best Methods
Of Instruction, Health of Students carefully
looked after Students taught to do manual
labor as well as think. catalogue and
other information, write to the president,
R. S. LOVINGGOOD, AUSTIN, TBXAS.
The why some shop
keepers, do not sell
is they make more
money on imitations
50 cents and a dollar.
Ask at favorite shop,
or poat prepaid from
C. A. Edgarton Mfg*. Co.
Box2l5, Shirley. Mass.
Send 6 cenu for catalogue.
Use "Ceres" Flour for Success in Baking.
Ask your grocer for *'Cere&" Flour
In happfftam(.lehmotr found,
On* htatt tkt Waihburn'i merry tound
U&aquale* for Tone, Durability
W willgladly send free a beautifol Art
Souvenir Catalogue and "Facts About The
"Howto Pjay The Man
olin" if will send ua your address on
a postal card.
LYON & HEALY, "UGEL"*
TtoWwWsLutMtMuUIIoaM. fell.mjtkta*Bun la Bulc*
a Makes Shirts* T,,^