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agents to canvass for subscribers at
points not already covered. Write
for our extraordinary inducement*.
4 9 East 4th St. St. Paul, Winn
SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1903.
For more than a quarter of a cen
tury there have been hundreds of let
ter carriers in the south, and in the
north and, we have never heard one
instance where one of them committed
rape while upon their official rounds
or at any other time. With such a rec
ord it is most pusillanimous for men
such as ex-Governor McMillin and
Representative Gains of Tennessee to
profess a "fear of allowing an Afro
American letter carrier to cross the
threshold of their homes." They say
the south readily accepts Afro-Amer
icans as laborers but they do not wish
them to cross the threshold of their
homes as officials, and right there all
the trouble arises. They seem deter
mined that no Afro-American shall
hold, e\en the petty position of "rural
mail carrier." It is absolute, uncon
trovertible, unadulterated bosh, for any
man to claim to be the friend of any
other man. who is not willing to ac
cord to the other man the enjoyment,
unmolested of any right, 'privilege or
opportunity he himselt enjo\s, or is
entitled to enjoy by reason of having
lpen born a citizen of the United
States, or made one according to the
constitution and laws of the United
States. And for these prejudiced
-whites both south and north to prate
of being "the best friends the Afro
American has" and then to refuse him
every opportunity to be anything but
a menial to shut the door of hope
and opportunity in his face when ever
he appears before it, is as we say,
They claim that what the Afro-Amer*
ican needs is education, but when, as
in the case of John C. Allwood, the let
ter carrier in question, ~he proves him
self to be the equal of his white com
petitors he becomes a "monstrosity"
to be feared. Allwood passed a com
petitive examination and stood on an
average with a white man named Dil
lard, who, because of being white, was
given the first appointment, but s*
sequently declined and Allwood, being
the highest on the list, was appointed.
And he was not appointed until after
"a careful inquiry and report by the
special agent or the route inspector
as to each competitor's acquaintance
With the patrons of the route and the
extent to which he has their confi
dence, his general characteristics,
ouitability, and fitness for the position,
and his character and reputation."
No protests. were filed against All
wood's appointment and protests from
patrons in any case are always consid
ered and investigated by the central
board of examiners. When no pro
tects are received it is, of course, un
derstood that the services are satis
factory to the patrons of the route.
Now, is it not preposterous, in view
of the manner in which a rural car
rier must be selected, that such men
as McMillin and Gaines would
make such insinuating assertions
and, is it not damnable that the white
people of Allwood's community would
treat him so unfairly. What need had
he for the education which placed him
on a par with the highest white man
on the list, if he could not enjoy the
result of his intelligence, even after
the white competitor had been ap
pointed and declined? To hell with
all such friends!
Afro-Americans may now look for
all sorts of insults from the white
hirelings at places of public enter
tainments, since the colorphobists of
Georgia are making a heroine of one
Ida Hadley, a white chambermaid,
who refused to make Dr. Booker T.
Washington's bed at a hotel in In
dianapolis, and who was discharged
by the proprietor for her refusal to
obey orders. It is said a purse is
being raised for the discharged cham
bermaid and already several hundreds
of dollars have been subscribed. The
proprietor of the hotel is to be com
mended for his manliness. The late
Potter Palmer of Chicago used to say
of his hotel, that any man who would
pay his prices must be a gentleman
and would have to be treated as such
while a guest at the Palmer House.
The result was there was seldom any
serious trouble on account of the color
line in that famous hostelry. And
there would be little trouble anywhere
if the persons in authority had the
backbone to stand up for the right
in every case.
The virus from Tennessee has reach
ed Maryland, and the first Afro-Amer
ican ever appointed postmaster in the
state, Andrew J. Day, is slated for
trouble. William H. Jackson, Repub
lican member of congress from the
First Maryland district, has announced
that he will ask for the discontinuance
of the postoffice at Quindocquia, in
Somerset county, to which Day was
recently appointed because it is un
necessary and because Day is not a
proper person to hold such an office.
President Roosevelt has made the
first score in the first fight for dele
gates to the next national convention,
b\ his supporters in the Alaban\a state
executive committee beating the "Lily
White" element. Long live President
The Sttte Where Justice Reigns.
Indianapolis, Ind., May 8.Miss
Louise Hadley, a chambermaid at the
Hotel English, was discharged yester
day evening for refusing to make up a
bed occupied by Booker T. Washing
ton the night before. Washington lec
tured here Wednesday night and left
yesterday morning. In the evening it
was noticed that the bed he had occu
pied had not been made, and Miss
Hadley's attention was called to it. "I
won't make up any nigger's bed," she
indignantly replied, and was at once
The Hell Hole of Race Prejudice.
Atlanta, Ga., May 11.A movement
has been started in Georgia to raise a
handsome purse for Miss Louise Had
ley, the Indianapolis chambermaid
who refused to make up a bed which
had been occupied by Booker Wash
ington, and was discharged for her re
Alreadj the citizens of Senoia, Ga.,
have made un a purse of $25 for Miss
Ki^l^y, and an appeal will be made to
other towns, so that it is probable that
handsome sum will be realized Many
ongratula'orv telegrams have been
snt to Miss Hadley, assuring her that
GrPersians appreciate her action.
I The invitations to the twenty-second
anniversary exercises of the Tuskegee
Normal and Industrial Institute, Tus
kegee, Ala from Sunday, May 24th, to
Thursday May 28th, have been issued
by Principal Booker T. Washington.
The exercises are as follows:
The baccalaureate sermon will be
delivered by Dr. George E. Stevens.
pastor Mt. Calvary Baptist Church,
Boston, Mass, Sunday, May 24th, at 2
o'clock, in the Chapel
The annual exercises of Phelps Hall
Bible Training School will be held
Monday evening, May 25th, at 7:30
o'clock. Rev. J. P. Sims, pasto^ Con
gregational Church. Montgomery, Ala.,
will deliver the address.
The annual Trinity Church Boston
Oratorical Contest wilLbe held in the
Chapel Tuesday evening, May 26th, at
"J O o'clock.
E-ierei^es of the Agricultural and
dustrial Departments at 7:30 o'clock
in the Chapel. Wednesday evening,
Th^ annual commencement exer
'cos will be held in the Chapel, Thurs
rlo- May 28th, at 2 o'clock. The Right
Rov^iend Evans Tyree, Bishop of the
E. Church, will deliver the an
I v,:zl address.
The Newspaper Deadhead.
Why should people ask for free news
papers, asks the Toronto Evening Tel
egram, any more than they look for
free cigars, free umbrellas, free walk
ing sticks, free collars, free ctiffs or
free beefsteaks? Every copy of a
newspaper is a product which easts
money. The tailoir the tobacconist,
the gents' furnisher or the grocer is
not called upon to supply free copies
of the products which they handle.
The people who are aggrieved if they
cannot get a free copy of a newspaper
would not think of struggling for a
place on the free list of a grocery store,
a. dry goods store, or butcher's shop..
It is the principle more than the
cost of the free newspaper idea which
is repugnant to all sound business no
NEW YORK OLD AND NEW.
"New York Ol and New. Rufus
Rockwell Wilson. Two volumes. Illus
tiated. Extra buckram. Net. $3.60. Phil
adelphia. J. Lappmeott Company.
"New York Ol and New," by Rufus
Rockwell Wilson, is a publication in two
olumes and one of ery great interest to
the student. The author, after leviewing
the struggle upon the high seas between
Spain, Holland and England for the mas
tery of the main, gives a very interesting
sketch of th settlement of New Amstei
dam by the Dutch. This storv of the es
tablishment of Dutch colonial dependen
cies is one ot the world's greatest narra
tives of endurance, fortitude and tireless
labor in the midst of vicissitudes and
dangers which would have overawed a
less nardy race. After recounting the
growth of political institutions and the
successive administrations of the colony
under various Dutch governors, the au
thor brings us to the "Iron Rule" of Peter
Stuyvesant, who declared the presence
of a welcoming and joyful people that he
came to rule them "as a father his chil-
dren." soon taught the colonists the
meaning of his remark "that he would
rule them as a father his children," by
dictatorial methods which brooked no op
position, by a stubborn and unyielding
disposition to enforce a system of gov
ernment upon the sturdy burghers, which
was utterly contrary to that which they
had been accustomed to living under in
the representative towns of Holland. And
even after a representative form of gov
ernment was wrung from the home au
thorities. Stuyvesant claimed and often
exercised the right to preside over the
town assemblies. also assumed the
right that he still had authority to make
ordinances and issue proclamations bind
ing upon the city even after a chaiter
had been given the people wherein the
rights of the governor were clearly lim
ited and fixed by the kingor "High
"The charter of 1653 marked the visible
beginning of epresentative government
on Manhattan Island, and the men to
whose heroic labors it was due deserve
and will ever hold an honorable place in
"There were no idle rs the New Am
sterdam of Stuyvesant's time, yet the
Dutch were a pleasure loving people, and
found leisure -for an abundance of homely
and hearty sports."
"The fight for a free press- is one of
the most interesting chapters in the first
volume, and tells the old old story of
censorship, incarceration of editors who
dared tell the truth, and finally the tri
umph of the press.
A piece of history which is not very
well known is told by the author in clear
and attractive narrativeit is the story
of the "Great Negro Plot" in 1741.
"Negro slaves formed a large portion
of the town's population. Slave importa
tion into the town began some time prior
to 1628 and apears to have reached a cli
max about 1746, when a census of the
town showed two thousand four hundred
slaves in a population less than twelve
thousand. Thereafter the natural in
crease of the slaves and the importation
of indentured white servants assured a
supply of labor for the needs of the col-
ony." The author then, after sketching
the decline of sjavery in the colony, tells
us that the course of time the white
people became very much alarmed at the
aggressive attitude of the slaves and be
gan to enact such drastic laws against
them which shows that they lived in con
stant dread of an uprising,
"Slaves were prohibited from gathering
on the Sabbath in groups of more than
four. They were forbidden to carry
guns, swords or clubs under penalty of
ten lashes at the whipping postgamin
was visited by the same penalty, and the
slave who appeared on the street after
nightfall anywhere south of the Collect
without a "lantern and a lighted candle
in it was liable to forty lashes at the
whipping post. Finally it was decreed
that a dead slave should be buried with
out pall or bearers, and not more than
twelve slaves were permitted to attend
If these restrictions led to uprisings
among the blacks they were punished
with unsparing hand. Then follows a
very vivid account of the "Great Negro
Plot" of 1741, which caused a panic
among the inhabitants and was attended
by blood shed and torture of the most ex
The transition of New Amsterdam into
the New York City of the Revolutionary
period is followed by the author very
closely, not only with an easy and grace
ful flow of language, but is elaborately il
lustrated by pictures of the scenes and
places of early days.
These two volumes are intensely in
teresting, and from a histoiical viewpoint
the author has done much for the truth.
THE NIGHT SIDE O LONDON.
"The Night Side of London." Rob
ert Machiay. Illustrated. 8 vo. Deco
lated clot h. $2.50 net. Philadelphia: J.
"The Night Side of London," by Rob
ert Machray, is an unusually interesting
book. The illustrations by Tom Biown
are drawn with skill and enhance the in
terest one takes in it. The pen of the
author and pencil of the artist are both
used with fine effect in laying bare the
infinite ariety of human characters and
types whose contrasts are more striking
in London than even in Paris or else
where in the great and populous centers
of human vice and virtues. S vivid is
the author's desciiption of the human
flotsam and jetsam, coming and going
with the nights, in Picadilly, like unto
the ebb and flow of the eternal tides
and so picturesquely has the artist
teipreted the author's ideas and illusions
that we fancy ourselves promenading
and paiadmg up and down the illuminat
ed scenes of Picadilly at night, entering
the "lounges" and cafes, which stand
with inviting appearance along the
streets, and participating in the gay and
pitasure-bent pageantiy of the ciowds,
or watching silence and pity the moial
and physical cupples whose names are
"It is a scene that stirs the fancy and
touches the imagination. A the the
atres and music halls of London empty
themselves into the streets, the Circus is
full of the flashing and twinkling of the
multitudinous lights of hurrvmg han
soms, of many carriages speeding home
ward to supper, of streams of people,
men and women, mostly in evening dress
walking along, smiling and jesting, and
talking i what they have been to see.
You catch charming glimpses in the soft
ening electric light of slyph-Iike forms,
pink flushed, happy faces, snowy shoul
ders hidden in lace or chiffon, or cloaks
of si lk and satin. Diamonds sparkle in
my lady's hairhe light laughter ripples
over to you, and you smile responsive
a faint fragrance perfumes the wander
ing air, and the vision sweeps past you,
on outside your radius. And there are
many such visions, each with its own
story, its own revelationbut with these
we have nothing to do further than to
say that they are all part of this pageant
of the night."
And of the London half-world the au
thor sajs: "O this lovely summer night
they flaunt themselves in all their brav
eryth majority of them indeed are not
badly dressed, nor are all painted. Some
of them are foreigners, but most of them
are unmistakenly English. Some have
bold eyes, some have not They seem
soberevery one. But what a number
of them' And all sorts and sizes, so to
say, all 'fond of a kiss and fond of a
The night side* of London "high life"
is on the surface extremely kaleidoscopic,
but beneath the surface and in all es
sentials it differs a little from the night
side of high life from what it was since
high life began. Its main feature is as
it has always been, and always will be
Mr. G. Well's anticipations to the con
trary notwithstanding, the pursuit of
pleasure in an everlasting Vanity Fair.
It is a merry-go-round, whose merriness
quickly or slowly, according to the tough
ness of one's physical and moral diges
tion, passes into monotony.
Sketches club life among the work
ing people and their amusementssketch
of the social outcasts and their strug
gle for existence in the dens of human
vice,are drawn with skill and without
comment, the author is simply painting
in vivid word coloring what he sees, and
endeavors to teach lesson in morals.
The book ought to have a large sale.
MISSISSIPPI HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Publications of the Mississippi Histo
rical Soeie*seJ^J^ir"VT Edited by Frank
lin Riley, Secretary- Pp- 568. Ox
ford, JVtiss.T Printed for the Society.
The- sixth volume of the "Publica
tions of the Mississippi Historical So
ciety" is one- of the most interesting:
which that society has yet given to the
public. Besides giving much interest
ing data with reference to the early
history and settlement of the state, it
follews in a succinct and careful man
ner the industrial development of the
The Wars which were fought in the
early times with the aborigines therein,
and famous battles fought during the
War of the Rebellion are described, and
much information which has hitherto
remained obscure, is brought to light.
A discussion of the Reconstruction of
the Southern States is elaborately set
forth from the view point of the South
and in the light of the present agitation
over the suffrage question, it will be in
teresting to note some things contained
in the chapter on Reconstruction,
"It is deeply interesting at this time,
when the passions aroused by the "Great
Civil War" have passed away, and when
the tranquility and repose of a patri
otic and reunited people, past events can
be reviewed with calmness and fairness,
to examine the great historical events
connected ^with this amendment (the
14th amendment) and to draw a just
conclusion in respect to the purpose and
motives of its advocatesan to under
stand the reasons why the Southern
States declined to accept the terms of
reconstruction thus proposed by Con
The criticism made by Mr Blaine and
the Republican leaders of that time was
that the South's action was character
ized by a lack of statesmanship and sa
gacity, and that the attitude taken by
them forced Congress to make negro
suffrage the final basis of reconstruction.
A an evidence of the change of view
in which the South now holds Lincoln,
we find the following: "Mr Lincoln had
contemplated a reconstruction of the
Southern States largely under the au
spices of the executive or the govern
ment, which plan would have restored
the Southern States to representation in
the Union on liberal and magnanimous
"If Mr Lincoln had lived, his large
personal and political influence, united
with his tact and wisdom, might have
smoothed the way to a pacification of
the South. Mr Jhnson atsh lacking in
pantie so and wihim the
differences between the Executive and
Congress which Lincoln would have
reconciled and adjusted assumed the pro
portions of an open rupture.
"Mr. Lincoln was a patriot as well as
a great statesman, and under his au
spices it is improbable that the South
would have been crushed between the
two contending forces in a political war
between the Congressional and Execu
Apartments of the government."
The volume is beautifully illustrated,
and is a very valuable contribution to
the historical literature of the country
from the viewpoint of the South.
BIRD GODS I N ANCIENT EUROPE.
"Bird Gods in Ancient Europe."
Charles Kay. With Decorations by
Wharton 12mo. 273 pp. Cloth. $2.00.
New York: A S. Barnes & Co
Bird Gods," by Charles Kav, is the
rather unique title of a volume full of the
rarest class of information relative to the
feathered deities of the Northern Euro
Pea" and the older races of the earth.
Ihere is the evidence of much research
this bookresearch which is exposed
narrative style at once attractive and
The author not only tells us what birds
the ancients woi shipped, but goes into
the philosophy of such worship, and tel ls
us its leason, in fables and anecdotes
which make very* delightful myths.
"Take the woodpecker as an instance.
When we picture to ourselves the Eu
ropean savage, nob le ancestor of our
puffed-up race, finding it a matter of
deep thought how to keep a roof over
his head, loving murder, a bloody tyrant
to the weak, cringing before power, sub
ject to periodical famines because *of his
sloth and ignorance, to disease because
of his laziness and filthy habits, we can
undei stand his envy and admiration of
a bird which in addition to various mar
velous, superhuman traits, has the prac
tical side so de\ elop ed that it can chisel
for itself in a few hours a neat, dry cave
in the bo le of a treea bird ever gay of
heart that seems to find nourishment
where no green thing grows, right under
its busy beak.
"Mr. Woodpecker was thought to know
the whereabouts of hidden treasures
wherefore he is a special creation of the
high god Ukko of the Finns and has a
mysterious affinity to fire, also a rain and
The author then proceeds to tell us
of the power the woodpecker exerted
over the Romans at the time of Hanni
bal's entry into the peninsula. Says he
"The importance of the woodpecker in
the eyes of the Roir&n soothsayers can
hardly be overestimated. I have a sea!!,
scarab-like in form, showing a man seat
with a bi rd before him, which he ap
pears to be teaching a trick. That the
man is an auspex or soothsayer is rea
sonably ceitain from the fact that he
wears the conical cap seen on the little
stfttuette with Etruscan inscription in the
Vatican Museum. Then follows several
very interesting anecdotes anent the
mysterious power for good or evil clus
tering about the litle winged god.
The Cuckoo, Peacock, #Owl and otlje!
birds ha\ turn been worshipped by tin,
early European racesby the Greeks, Ro
mans, Egyptians, Abyssinians and othei
powerful laces who wrought so mightily
in days of antiquity.
The author further tells us that "it is
recorded of King Edward the First of
England that on a ceitain solemn occa
sion the vear 1304. his investiture as
a knight, two swans decorated with gold
nets, were bi ought and he thereupon
swoie an oath to the ^d of Hea\en on
these two swans
JOHN JAMES INGALLS
John James Ingalls. The writings of
John James Ingalls. Prepared for the
pi ess by Wi'ham Elsey Connelley. 8 vo.,
Pp. 535. Price according to binding.
Kansas City, Mo The Hudson-Kimbeily
i'iie i itings, speeches, and orations of
the late Senator Ingalls. one of the i eat*
est men Kansas has pioduced, have been
gathered and preserved to futuie geneia
tions book foim, and the collection is
authonzed by Mrs Ingalls, who has de
nted nearly two years to the work of
collecting material for the volume. Be
sides his litera ry work, there is revealed
what may be call ed th? home side of this
distinguished man, which will make in
teresting reading for his friends and ad
mirers. Letters and fragmentary sketches
which have been included exhibit a gentle
and tender quality the nature and
character of Senator Ingalls which he did
not manifest to the world in his public
career The country looked upon him as
a man of phenomenal brilliancy, with a
tendency to satire and keen excoriation,
which made him greatly feared by his
enemies and his competitors in debate,
and which drew to the Senate galleries
thousands of auditors whenever it was
known that he was to speak. I is prob
able that his power for withering invec
tive and his mastery of language was
not equaled by any of his contemporaries.
But it is with Senator Ingalls as a man
of deep and responsive affection, and as
a reflective individua l, alive to all the hu
man interests of existence, that the book
presented by his devoted wife has to deal.
The following letter affords an illustra
tion of the phase of her husband's char
acter which Mrs Ingalls desires to em
Dearest Wife- "Blue Grass" seems to
be one of those compositions that ^th
world will not willingly let die
Those were happy days when it was
wntten, in the little cottage on the bluff,
looking out over the great river with a
roomful of babiesobscur and unknown,
waiting for the destiny, so soon to come
(that was to make one of the con
spicuous figures of the country for so
manv years) How far away it seems!
But I would not recall life and live
it over again if I could, unless with the
powei to improve lost opportunities,
amend errors, and correct mistakes How
clearly see our fohes when it is too
late. YOUR LOVING HUSBAND.
THE STORY O THE SLAVE.
Slavery and Servitude in New Jersey.
Alfred He*on. Member of the
New Jersey Historical Society. Camden,
N J.: Sinnickson Chew & Sons Co.
This monograph is a recital of slavery
and servitude as it existed in New Jer
sey. The fact is brought out that slav
ery existed in America long before 1619,
when the Dutch traders came with their
cargo of human freight to Jamestown.
The Aztecs in Mexico enslaved not only
enemies taken in battle but those of their
own nation who were convicted of theft
and other crimes. African slavery was
introduced in New Jersey in 1680at least
that is the earliest recorded instance of
ownership of African slaves. 'Many of
the leading citizens engaged in the Afri
can slave trade. There is a record of one
good old elder, whose ventures on the
African coast always turned out well,
who returned thanks on the Sunday fol
lowing the arrival of a slaver into the
harbor in these words: "An overruling
Providence has been pleased to bring to
this land of freedom another cargo of
benighted heathen to
of gospel dispensation*'1-
Perth Amboy was New Jersey's chief
port of entry, and blacks were to be seen
niere in goodly numbers, many of them
freshly imported and still bearing their
tribal maiks. Adults sold from $200 to
?500. The system of white bondage,
known as ifdempjtive servitude, existed
throughout the seventeenth and eigh
teenth centuries. This form of bondage
was usually voluntary, and at the expira
tion of the term the redemptioners were
meiged into the mass of white population
without any special taint of seivitude
The importation into the colony of Negro
slaves, who were found to be cheaper
than white servants, checked in a meas
ure the trade in redemptioners.
Many white convicts were shipped to
New Jersey from the British Islands, and
were merge*d into the mass ot the popu
lation. A act pro\ iding tor the gradual
abolition of slavery was passed by the
New Jersey legislature 1804. A" fur
ther act in 1820 and still later another
in 1846, did not bring about the complete
emancipation of the slaves, although
there were but 18 in the enthe state when
Lincoln's proclamation was issued I
1880, Hon. G&rret A Hobart, at that time
a member of the state senate, intioduced
and had passed a bill which removed
from the statutes the last vestige of slav
ery in New Jersey.
The little book contains much valuable
S*ALLY WISTER'S JOURNAL.
Sally Wister's Journal. A true nana
tive, being a Quaker maiden's account
of her experiences with officers of the
Continental army, 1777-1778. Edited by
Albert Cook Myers. With reproductions
of portraits, manuscripts, relics and
views. 12 mo. pp 224. Philadelphia:
Ferris & Leach.
Sally Wister's Journal is the record
kept by a Quaker girl of 16 duiing a win
ter famous in the history of this country
The greater part of the book has to do
with the sayings and doings of American
soldiers visiting or quartered at the farm
house, to their attentions to the writer
and her friend Lyddy and to her regret
when certain of them go upon missions
of peril. Her "teeth lattled" and her
"hand shook like a aspen leaf when
she first saw these soldiers, but she soon
overcomes the feeling thus expressed and
says to her Philadelphia friend: "Mv ad
vice is summon up all your resolution,
call fortitude to your aid, and don't suf
fer vour spirits to sink, my dearthere'
nothing like courage ^is what I stand
in need of myself." f/oXiS soon discov
ered that scldiers ar/ h'/t .inman. Thev
are, she says, "very peaceable sort of
men* they eat like other folks,
talk like them and behave with elegance."
One "i the most amiable of men tall
and genteel," whom the "following lines
will most ful ly characterize:
'How skilled he is in each obliging
The mildest manners with the biave&t
Another soldier. A second is "mons
trous tall and brown, but has a certain
something in his face and conversation
very agreeable." And then, "Here comes
the glorv, the major so bashful, so fa
mous, etc. cannot be ex
toll'd for the graces of person, but for
those of the mind he may justly be cele
bratedh is large in his person, manly,
and an engaging countenance and ad
ROMANCE O THE COMMONPLACE.
The Romance of the Commonplace.
Gelett Burgess. $1.50. San Francisco.
Paul Elder and Morgan Shepard.
This is a volume of modern philosophy,
which ranks in that class of essays made
famous by Jerome Jerome. Mr Bur
gess says many clever things in his boo k,
and one may glance at any chapter and
discover many commonplace things writ
ten in a very uncommon manner. "The
desire to tell secrets," writes the author,
*'s one of the most contagious of diseases,
and few of us are immune. Some vigor
ous moral constitutions never succumb,
but once an epidemic begins it is hard
work stopping it, and a secret on the ram
page is well nigh irresistible. Tell your
secret, then, broadcast, and let it have its
way until it dies out But above all never
confide it to her who asserts she never has
the slightest desire to tell, for there, like
a seed sown in fertile ground, it will ger
minate and flower long after you have for
gotten it, aye, and bring forth fruit you
Again: "Flattery however, an edged
tool, and must be used with care. I is
not evervone who has the tact to decide at
a glance just how much his victim will
The author treats of art science and
literature with such a delicate, ironical
criticism, and withal, with so much of
masterful art as to render this book of
an usual interest
PICTURES O SWEDISH LIFE.
Pictures of Swedish Lifeo Svea and
her Children Mis Woods Baker.
408 $2 50 Engberg-Holmberg Pub
This is a beautifully printed and elab
oiately illustrated volume. The author
lived for rrany veais in the "Land of the
Midnight Sun The lllustiations are
especally fine and co\er every vaiiety of
Swedish life. The author writes at
lngth on the simplicity of living which
cbaiactcrizes all classes of Sweden's pop
ulation and tells us that the strength of
this rcople lies therein. The .sons of the
nobility, when further .Advanced in life,
are accustomed to habits of life most sim
ple and unpretending I a chapter en
titled "What's in a Name
shows still further the rule of simplicity
ot these people and says, "With regard to
surnames in Sweden, extremes meet. The
highest and low est ha\ none. Oscar II.
is simplv Oscar II diopping the Bema
dotte The humblest faim laborer is but
Andeis or Axel, while his wife is simplv
Brita, Anna or Maria. When a man
humble life has attained distinction eve
jn oidinaij railings he mav have a title
which identifies him as "Tailor Larsen"
oi "Caipenter Erickson." The book is
quite an excellent addition to the liter
ature of tra\ el
The Spoilsmen. A story of Ward poli
tics Elliott Flower. Author of Po
liceman Flynn. 12 mo. pp 324. $1.50.
Boston: C. Page & Co.
A story of municipal politics depicting
a condition of affairs common to prac
tically all large cities.
While no attempt has been made to
show exact conditions existing in any
particular localit y, the political methods
employed have been taken from the act
ual experiences of men who have served
the public in some capacity or other, and
the stories told of some of the characters
are literal ly true.
The love interest centres around a so
ciety girl of high ideals who inspires a
wealthy young man to enter the local
campaign. She thus becomes involved in
the thread of the story which relates to
the troubles and complications which fol
low an effort to be both upright and suc
cessful in municipal politics.
Andrews's Botany all the Year Round.
E Andrews, High School, Wash
ington, Ga Cloth, 8vo 302 pages. Price.
$1.00 American Book Company, New
York, Cincinnati, and Chicago.
This book is admirably adapted for
botanical work in the average high
school, and requires no expensive equip
ment. I is based, on observation, and in
this respect meets the popular demand.
The pupil is led to make accurate obser
vations, and from them to deduce safe
conclusions. is first taught to ob
serve the conditions of plant life, then
the essential organs of the plant are
taken up and finally the author treats
of plants as they relate to their sur
roundingsecology. The book is accu
rate, and sufficiently full and complete to
meet the needs of secondary schools.
The exceptional character of the Purity
Books in the Self and Sex Series has so
commended itself to the judgment of the
International Committee of the Young Men's
Christian Association that they have re
quested an edition of 12,000 copies of a
reprint of the chapters on the diseases
which accompany vice, for free distribution
among the soldiers in the Philippines, Cuba
and the other army posts, and through the
general secretaries in'Tfndia, Japan and
China, and a friend of the purity cause has
contributed the entire amount necessary to
cay for this larjn edition.
The American Baptist Year Book for
1903 has been issued by the publication
society of that denomination at Philadel
phia (paper, 25 cents). It gives full de
tails of each of the seventeen general so
cieties, which include five of women and
two of young people. The State organ
izations, which show the white and col
ored strength of the Church in separate
tables, are followed by a summary of sta
tistics which shows that the total mem
bership in America is over 4,330,000, an
increase of over 60.000 since last year.
Knowles building. Bovs' Hall. Stone Hall. Girls' Hall.
formal anu Industrial Institute
Organized July 4, 1881, by the State Leg-is.
lature as The Tuskegee State Normal School.
Exempt from taxatio n.
BOOKER WASHINGTON, Principal.
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer.
in the Black Belt of Alabama where the
blac ks outnumber the whites three to one.
ENROLLME NT AN FACULTY
Enrollment last ye ar 1,253 males. 882
females, 371. Average attendance, 1,105.
COURSE OF STUDY
English education combined with industrial
training 28 industries in constant operation.
VALUE O PROPERTY
Property consisting of 2.267 acres of land.
SO buildings almost wholly built with student
labor, is valu ed at $350,000, and no mortgage.
$50 annually for the education of each stu
dent ($200 enables one to finish the course
1,000 creates permanent scholarship. Students
pay their own board in cash and labor.)
Money in any amount for current expenses
Besides the work done by graduat es as class
room and industrial leaders, thousands are
reached through th,e Tuskegee Negro Confer
Tuskegee is 40 mil es east of Montgomery and
136 mil es west of Atlanta, on the Western Rail
roav. o^ Alabama.
Tuskegee is a quiet, beautiful old Southern
town, and is an ideal place for study. The cli
mate is at all times mild and uniform, thus
making the place an excellent winter resort.
Morristown Normal College,
FOUNDED IN 188!.
Fourteen teachers. Elegant and commodiori
buildings. Climate unsurpassed. O partment*
College Preparatory, Normal, S^gli.h, Mvne
Shorthand, Typowi-itmg and Indust.Ul Training.
FIFTY DOLLARS i AOVAKC!
A'lll pay for board, room, ligh.^, J^el. tuition arc
incidentals for the entir-e yea.-, jo^rd 8(5 00
month, tuition $2.00 per term '*J_orongh wor*
done in each department. Send xor circular, to tt.
REV. JUDSON S. stiiLL D.
Send your Sons and Daughters to
A great scho ol for our youth. Preparator v,
Normal, Musical, Industrial and Theological
Departments, only S7.50 per month for ?It ex.
penses. Write at once for informati on or cata
PRESIDENT WILLIAM VERNON
iif UTm Canvassing "THE
WAIflEU agents for
I KBVEIiATIOW, I
TORY ASD MT CITWESSHIP What tio
Race Ha Done and I Doin* in Arms, Arts, Letters
the Fornm.the 8chooi and the Marts of Trade."
record of his achievements and a demonstration ct
his possibilities. 500pases.2Xen y"0"
Pipkin. Supervised and introduced b7 OO.I.
John B.Gordon,former Major General Confeder
ate Armv. Address, for description, terms, and
full particulars and what Is said of it by Demo
crats and Republicanswhite and black:
KraOMPSON PUBUSHING CO., St. Louis, Mo.
tLeadiag Dealers everywhere.
'Valuable hints~and colored
Hie PittsburgWall Paper Co.
New Brighton. Pa.
^tfrt^'Abw Soap-lvashing is too much for any woman. As.1
Sift fiffiss, w^! a good doct or what thin k* of Itlonrf stooping
Mffl A Mliiw Vy over the washtb, breathing dirty steam .nd
jlf working as you ha*e to work. How much
jj easier, pleasantor, healthier EA
inrf i! Ittii scienapplid to cleaning off clothe
easier pleasanter, healthier PERL1NE wash-
'tn.g i ss! I scien ccee appli ee to cleaning clothe ss..
Doesn't the saving of work and money appeaJ to
Pearline is Economy
CULLSG-ES AND EZHflDLS.
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY, Atlanta, Ga.
An unsectarlan Christian Institution, devot ed especially to advanced education. College, Nor.
mM, College Preparatory and fc-ng is School courses, with Industrial Training Superi^
advantages in *usic and Printing Ath.etic for boys. Physical culture,for girls Homsj-i
and uaining. Ai given to needy and deservi ng students. Term tregins the first Wedneso:
to October. FotoWMU.^ inf.rm.liol., ideIl HOEAC
wftfi* 'iM rmwwmzMmztt.
"FOOD FIT FOR THE
Virginia Normal Collegiate
departments- Normal and Colle*
giate Special attention to Vocal and
Instrumental Music,Theoretical Agri
culture, Sewing and Choking.
Healthy Location heated by steam
lighted by ^ctricity room, tooara,
tuition, light aui heat, $60.
For Catalog and Partic~ars
'GOD HATH MADE OF ONE Bl 0U&
ALL NATIONS OF MEN:1
IS THE MOTTO OI"
Christian, non-sectarian Three college cours
Music. Academy, Normal, Manual, Tuition fiee.
ncidental fee J4fiOa terra. Expenses low. N
idloons 2WJ white and 21" Atio-Amcrican stud
sntb do 1000 miles it need bo 10 otr lut UtsT
Kuirc ATIOX. Address,
FKiib WM. G. FROST, I I) llErtCA, KY
Tor both sexes Departments of Law Medicine
1'hartna.cy Music, Missionaiy Tiain'ii^ oiiegap
College Preparatory, EiiKh&h and iirii.siri .'_
7*vr begins October 1st. For catalogue^ c,u
ai-d other informal'' address,
PRES. OHAS 3. Mfc:sErvr
OLDEST AND BEST SCHOOL
I Texas for Afro-American students.
Reputation unsurpassed. Manual Train
ing a part ot the regular course. Music a
special feature of the school. Special ad
vantages for earnest students seeking
help themselves. Address
Rev. Marshall R. Gaines, A. M.,
^President. Austin, Texas.
ALLEGHENY, P. A.
A Practical, Literary and Industrial
Trades School for Afro-American Boys and
Girls. Unusual advantages for Girls and a
separate building. Address,
SAMUEL HUSTON COLLEGE,
A Christian School Experienced
Progressive in all departments, best Methods
Of Instruction, Health of Students carefully
looked after Students taught to do manual
labor as well as think. catalogue and
other information, write to the president,
R. S- LOVINGGOOO, AUSTIN, TEXAS.
he why some jhop
keepeis do not sell
is they make more
money on imitations
50 cents and a dollar.
Ask at favorite shop,
or post prepaid from
C. A. Eflgarion Mfg. Cov
Box215. Shirley, Mast.
Send 6 cents for catalogue.
Use "Ceres" Flour for Success in Baking.
Ask your grocer for "Ceres Flour
In happy hornet, whtmtr fount.
Onehemrt Uu WatUrurn's merry tound
Unequaled for Tone, Durability
We will gladly send free a beautiful Art
Souvenir Catalogue and "Facts About The
Mandolin" and "How to Play The Man
dolin" if you will send us your address on
a postal card.
LYON & HEALY, "gfflB.^
Th* Woflff* Ur(Mt BM1 Hnu. Bill* 'I*7tkta Kama la Mat!*."