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A NATIONAL AFRO-AMERICAN KEWSPAPEh
PUBIJSHKD WEEKLY BY
ADAMS BROS. EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS
4 9 E. 4th St., St Paul, flinn.
ST. PAUL OFFICE,
No. 110 Union Blk. 4th & Cedar,
J. 0. ADAMS, Manager.
Guaranty Loan Bid?. Room 1020
HAKVBY B. BURK, Manager.
C. F. ADAMS, Manager.
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323-5 Dearborn St., Suite 310 jina and every other southern state
SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1905.
The Court of Appeals of Maryland
in an opinion delivered by Judge A.
Hunter Boyd holds the act passed at
the last session of the Maryland Legis
lature commonly known as the "Jim
Crow" law, requiring steam railways
doing business in the State of Mary
land to furnish separate compartments
for Caucasian and Afro-American pas
sengers, valid in so far as it pertains
to transportation within the State,
but invalid in its appliance to inter
state commerce, and must not be con
strued as applying to the latter.
This case was brought before the
court on the appeal of William H. H.
Hart, an Afro-American of Washing
ton, D. C, who was arrested on a
through train from New York to
Washington. He was the holder of a
thrpugh ticket from New York to
Washington and was arrested for re
fusing to go into the apartment of
the car set aside for Afro-American
passengers. He was* traveling on one
of the trains of the Philadelphia, Bal
timore and Washington railroad. He
was fined' S5 and costs by the^ Circuit
Coyrt of Cecil county, and from this
verdict the appeal was taken. Thus,
by the opinion of the Court, Hart wins
In its opinion the Court Upholds the
rights of common carriers to make
reasonable regulation^ in providing
for the separation of the two races
and, also the ri?ht of the General As
sembly under the police powers with
which it is vested to impose such re
strictions on the common carriers. In
the matter of such regulations being
applied to interstate commerce the
Court quotes a decision from the
United States Court in the case oi
Hall vs. De Cuir (95 U. S., 485) as
conclusive. In that case the Supreme
Court decided that companies engaged
in interstate commerce in Louisiana
should give all passengers equal privi
leges- as to what parts of the convey
ances they should occupy. A number
of other cases are also cited to show
that the undoubted rule of the Supreme
Court is that legislation by States
which in any way interferes with or
burdens interstate commerce is in
Concluding its opinion, the Court
adds that it finds no difficulty in sus
taining the law so far as it applies
to interstate commerce. It is a mat
ter of question whether the Legisla
ture meant this to be the limit of its
effect, as in one of the sections of the
act it*expressly exempts from the op
erations narlcr and express cars and
through trains that do no local busi
North Carolina is engaged in an ef
fort to amend her constitution in such
a way as t "segregate" the school
taxes. The slogan is: "White man's
msney for white schools and Afro
American's money for Afro-American
schools." The fact about North Caro-
is that the pretense of a pro rata dis
tribution of the school fund is all a
lie. The money is actually disbursed
by the district directors, according to
their own discretion. Where they ex
pend $10,000 for a white school house
they locate the Afro-American school
in a cnurch sometimes in a bush ar
bor. Where they pay a white teacher
$50.00. they pay the Afro-American,
one of the same grade of certificate
$30.00. The fund is already segre
gated to all intents and purposes.
The usual result of these segregation
schemes is to produce a scarcity of
labor and such is the status in North
Carolina. Ever since the Exodus,
year, 1899. there has been a steady
flov/ of emigration from the state.
HON. CHARLES W. FAIRBANKS,
Vice President of the United States.
What is the matter with Russia?
Pretty much the same thing that is
the matter with the United Statesa
race problem. In the United States,
certain unpleasant conditions are at
tributed to the effect of color. The
theory is incorrect, for just such con
ditions exist in Russia, where all the
people are of one and the same color.
In the following extract., a contempo
rary correctly explains the situation:
There has sprung up in Russia a
new aristocracythat of the intellect.
It looks down upon the old distinc
tions of caste as unworthy the belief
of an intelligent human being. It ven
tures to ridicule those pompous ones
who strut about with millinery better
given over to women, and fancy them
selves somebody just because their fa
thers similarly strutted. And of all
things fatal to pomposity, ridicule is
the thingespecially when it is im
possible to deny that the ridiculer
knows more than the one rididuled.
The little brown Jap has proven
himself to be a man of high type by
whaling the big white Russians most
unmercifully but that does not make
him persona grata to the Pacific coast
hoodlums. The "California senate has
adopted a resolution in reference to
the "menace of Japanese immigra-
tion." And that reminds us that a
few years ago, Japan closed her door
on account of the "menace of Ameri
can immigration," and old Commo
dore Perry went over and broke the
door down. That was when Japan
was feeble and ignorant, and the old
Commodore could not repeat his feat
at the present day without some
In the state of Washington, insur
ance agents are forbidden to take
risks vpor: saw mills or shingle mills
with which Japanese are in any
Mentified, for fear that the hoodlums
will burn the buildings. The milleni
um is still a long time off.
A southern paper says: "The white
race is unwilling to amalgamate with
either 'the black race or the yellow
race which of course, every one who
lives in the South knows to be a self
The progressive Afro-American of now stationed ^with his regiment at
the South has ceased "longin' fur de Fort Niobrara, Neb.
ole plantation" and is getting a home
of his own. That accounts for much
of the scarcity of labor.
The United States Supreme Court
in the Clyatt peonage case gave a
emphatic affirmation in regard to the
constitutionality of the statute.
We publish this week cuts of three
of the presidential possibilities. You
pays your, money and takes
HON. GEORGE B. CORTELYOU,
Postmaster General of the United States.
President Appoints G. S. Thompson
Last week the president appointed
George S. Thompson, of the
Twenty-fifth Infantry, to be a second
lieutenant in the Philippine Scouts,
thus adding one more Afro-American
to the commissioned force of the
Lieut. Thompson had received high
commendation for heroism and effi
ciency during the insurrection in the
Philippines. He is one of the crack
shots in the army and has received
several medals for rifle and pistol
shooting. Lieutenant Thompson is
HON. LESLIE M. SHAW,
Secretary of the United States Treasury.
TEE APPEAL: A MTIOXAL AFRO-AMEBICAN NEWSPAfliA.
VICTORY NOW CERTAIN.
(By John M. Harlan.)
I never have doubted the capacity
of this community to reach a sensible
conclusion on any practical question
submitted to it. That the final out
come of this campaign will justify
this confidence in the good judgment
of the people is not a question of
doubt. The tide in favor of the re
publican ticket has set in and is run
ning strongly and steadily. Careful
observers of municipal elections in
Chicago long have noted that the sen
timent finally prevailing at the polls
begins to run in favor of the success
ful candidate just about two. weeks
before election day. The sentiment
now prevailing, beyond question, indi.
cates the success of the republican
ticket by a big majority.
This pronounced attitude in favor
of the republican platform is readily
explained. The people as a whole,
without regard to party, are doing
their own thinking on the issues of
this campaign. They are listening to
the statements made to them by the
candidates, but they are reaching
their own conclusions. They are
studying matters for themselves and
are not. accepting the conclusions of
others as a basis for their own judg
ment. They have compared the re
publican platform with the democratic
platform. They have turned toward
the former as the true avenue to a
sound solution of the fraction question
and to a good government in the mu
any proposed solution of the traction
question before it shall become effec
tive has been accepted by the people
as a complete safeguard of their rights
in their own streets.
The people also are not neglecting
the other issues of this campaign.
They are thinking of administrative
reforms of a reorganized police force
of enough schools for the children of
ipark.s and playgrounds of getting rid
of the holdup man of pure water and
It is demonstrated now that the peo
ple do not propose to pay $100,000,000
for out of date traction lines and al
leged franchise rights and then to
have, to spend other millions in reL
habilitating them. They realize that
municipal ownership is not only more
certain under the republican plan, but
that it will become a fact in our mu
nicipal administration much more
quickly than under the democratic
method of procedure. The absolute
pledge of the republican candidate of
a referendum vote by the people on
a perfected intercepting sewer sys
tem and of the other great questions
of municipal administration that daily
affect the welfare, happiness, and
prosperity of any great community.
They see in the republican" platform
and in the republican ticket strong
er pledges of a good municipal gov
Another thing that has helped to
turn the sentiment so strongly in fa
vor of the' republican candidates is
the comparison 'that the people are
making of the aidermanic candidates
OH the two tickets. The old gray wolf
pack lurks behind the democratic
ticket and is trying again to break
into the city council behind that
cloak. The protest of the whole peo
ple without regard to party affilia
tions is unmistakably aroused to this
The republicans to a man are work
ing for success. There is harmony
in the ranks. On the other hand, the
democratic organization is disorgan
ized and out of tune with itself.
I Dredict with entire confidence the
election of the^'-fepuhlican ticket, to
gether with a safe majority of honest
aldermen in the council.
MADE HIS POINT GOOD.
I 'Student Evidently was Not as Sleepy
as He Looked.
Prof. Nichols, the Cornell physicist,
during the recitation of a freshman
class in natural philosophy, observed
a tall, lanky youth in a rear seat, his
head in a recumbent position, his
bedy in a languid pose, his eyes half
closed, and his legs extended far cut
in an adjacent aisle. He was either
asleep or about to lose consciouscess.
"Mr. Frazer," said the great scien
tist, "you may recite."
The freshman opened his eyes slow
ly. He did not change his somnolent
"Mr. Frazer. what is work?"
"Everything is work," was the
"Sir," exclaimed the professor, "re-
member that you are no longer in a
preparatory school! Do you mean to
tell me that is a reasonable answer to
^What! Everything is work?"
"Then I take it you would like rro
and the class to believe that this desk
"Yes, sir,"^ replied the youth wear
ily, "that desk is woodwork."
Nurmai and Industrial Instiiote
5rgranized July 4, 1881, by the State Legis.
lature as The Tuskegee State Normal School.
Exempt from taxation.
BOOKER WASHINGTON, Principal.
WARREN LOGAN, Treasurer.
In the Black Belt of Alabama where the
blacks outnumber the whites three to one.
ENROLLMENT AN FACULTY
Enrollment last year 1,253 males. 882
females, 371. Average attendance, 1,105.
COURSE OF STUDY
English education combined with industrial
trailing- 28 industries in constant operation.
VALUE OF PROPERTY
Property consisting of 2.267 acres of land.
50 buildings almost wholly built with student
labor, is -valued at $350,000, and no mortgage.
$50 annually for the education of each stu.
dent ($200enables one to finish the course
$l,000creates permanent scholarship. Students
pay their own board in cash and labor.)
Money in any amount for current expenses
Besides the work done by graduates as class
room and industrial leaders, thousands are
reached through the Tuskegee Negro Confer
Tuskegeeis40miles east of Montgomery and
136 miles west of Atlanta- on the Western Rail
Tuskegee is a quiet, beautiful old Southern
town, and is an ideal place for study. The cli
mate is at all times mild and uniform, thus
making the*lac an excellent winter resort.
CONCORD, N C.
This WBII known school, established for
the higher education of girls will open
for the next term October 1. Every effort
will be made to provide for the comfort,
health and thorough instruction of stu
dents. Expense for board, light, fuel,
washing, $45% for term of eight months.
Knowles 'Building. Bovs' Hal' Slone Hall. Girls' HHH. Mods} ir.ovat.
ATLANTA UNIVERSITY, Atlanta- Ga.
I A unsectarlan Christian Institution, devoted .especially to advanced education. College, Nci
Mai, College Preparatory and Bng'ish School courses, with Indusf'u Training. Superi'j
I advantages in iw usic and Printing Athetic for. boys. Physical cuS*-jre for girls Home iLi
and nainin?. Aid given to needy and deservi'flg students. Term bgins the first Wednesdgf
in October." For catalogue a.jd information, address
President HORACE BUMSTEAD. D.D.
Knoxville College. Classical, Scientific. Agricultural. Mechanical. Normal and Common
School Co arses, together with Theological and Medical Schools. Fiity-five Dollars a Year
will cover all expenses of board, tuition, fuel, lijjht and furnished room. Separate home
and matron for httie girls and another for little boys from 6 to 15 years. Term begins last
Mond&y in September. S$nd lor catalogue to Resident of Knoxville Oolite, noxvill%
Rev. D. J. Satterfield, D. D.,
Concord, N. C.
ALLEGHENY, P. A.
A Practical, Literary and Industrial
Trades School for Afro-American Boys and
Girls. Unusual advantiages for Girls and 4
separate building. Address,
JOSEPH MAHOU^Y, Principal
Fourteen teachers. Elegant an.1 commodi
ous buildings. Climate unsurpassed. Depart,
meats: College Preparatory Norma l, Eng
llsh. Music, Shorthand, Typewriting and ^a-
FIFTY DOLLARS I ft ADVANCE
Will pay for board, room, light, fuel, tuition
and incidentals tor the entire year. Board
86.00 per montl tuitidn 82. 00 per term
Thorough work done In each department
Sud for circula: to he president,
ftEV. JUDSON *i. HILL, D.,
All the advantages of ibe finest and moat completely
equipped Conservatory building in the world, tbc at
mosphere of a recognized center of Art and'Musk and
association with tbe masters la tne Profession are
offered students at tbe Now England Conservatory of
Music. Thorough work in all departments of music.
Courses can be arranged in Elocution and Oratory.
GEORGE W. CHADWICK. (Musical Director.
All *arlicu!art and year boot mill be tent en application.
Virginia Normal Golieg&e
"Apartments- Normal and CoJ'e
sriate ^Special attention to Vocal an
Instrumental Music,Theoretical Agr.
culture, Sewing andooklne.
Healthy Location heated by steaeaj
lighted by -'"ctricity: room, ooani
tuition, light ami heat,S60.
For Catalog and Parcris
write to J. JOHNSTON,
oAMMHN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
AIMS AND METHODS
The aim of this school is to do prac
tic al work in helping men towards suc
cess in the ministry. Its course of study
is broad and practical its ideas are high
its work is thoroughit methods are
fresh, systematic, clear and simple.
COURSE OF STUDY
The regular course of study occupies
three years, and covers the lines of work
in the several departments of theological
instruction usually pursued in tne lead
ing theological seminaries of the country.
EXPENSES AND AID
Tuition and room rent are free. The
apartments for students are plainly fur
nished. Good board can be had for
seven dollars per month. Buildings heat
Aid from loans without interest, ana
gifts of friends, are'granted to deserv
ing students who do their utmost in the
line of self-help. N young man with
grace, gifts, and energy, need be deprived
of the advantages now opened to him
in this Seminary. For further particulars
L,. G. ADKINSON, D. D.,
Pres. Gammon Theological Seminary,
The Oldest and Best School in Texas for
Colored Students. Faculty mostly gradu
ates of well known colleges in the north.
Reputation unsurpassed. Manual train
ing a part of the regular course. Music a
special feature of the school. Special ad
vantages for earnest students seeking to
help themselves. Send for catalogue and
REV. MARSHALL R. GAINES, A.M.,
SAMUEL HUSTON COLLEGE,
A Christian School xbper?e
Progressive in all departments, best Method!
Of Instruction, Health of Sthdents carefullj
looked after Students taught to do manual
labor as well as think. For catalogue and
other information, write to the president,
R. S LOVINGGOOD. AUSTIN, TBXAP-
A normal and industri al school with a
graded course of study, designol to give
a thorough, symmetrical and complete
English education, and lay a solid foun
dation for success and usefulness in every
vocation of life. Board and boarding hall
OFFERS EVERT ADVANTAGE
For beauty of situation, commodious,
nes-* of buildings ajad completeness of
outfit, this institution is unsurpassed
by any school for colored people- west of
the Mississippi. Special courses for
preachers and tenchere. LARGE AND
EXPERIENCED FACULTY. Five
large brick buildings, al so steam plant
laundry. A new brick dining hall and
dormitory now building. Chemical,
physical, biological laboratories.
Courses in carpentry, printing, black
smithing, sewing, dressmaking, bouee
kepinsr cooking, nursing. COLLEGE
GRADUATES MAT APPLY FOR
Students can make part of expenses, by
work. Fo particulars and cata
MALTA-VITA contains more rnitrttion,
more tissue building- qualities, more
nerve stimulant than any other food.
PURe, PALATABLE, POPULAR
Millions are eating MALTA-VITA. It
gives health, strength, and hupphicss.
MALTA-VITA I'LIIH TOOT) CO.
Battle Creek, Mich. Toronto, Canada,
The highest possible polish attaina
ble upon metal surfaces is imparted
by Burnishine. I gives a bril
liantlustre to brass, copper, tin, zinc,
nickel, silver ai_i all metals. A few
rubs, and presto!the dingiest
metal shines like now.
Does not gum nor Injure the
band.*, .bold by all dealers.
J. C. PAULftCO.. Manufacturers,CHICAGO.
F WORKS OF ART
Indigestion and 5ea-slckness.
15,000 subjects with V,
sample photograph, 3"
15 cents. 3J
Prints from American Paintings
and Old Masters. New illustrated catalogue, 5 centa
Lantc/n Slides Framed Pictures
SOULE ART CO.
3S Washington Street BOSTON, MASS. A
The why some shop*
keepers do not sell
is they make more
money on imitations I
56 cents and a dollar,
Ask at favorite shop, i
or pott prepaid from
C. A. Edgarton Mfg. Co. I
Bex215, Shirley. MASS. I
Bond 6 rents (or catalogue, 'I
1'^i-iiCV a- "L/$3&IJ &.".&,***.i&4li4E*r#-iU. i&?-r&&A-d~SL L'.',