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The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??, March 31, 1906, Image 1

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VOL. 22. NO. 13.
On Jan. 17 every person of San
Antonio, Mex., biings a favorite beast
to be blessed in the square before the
parish church, says a writer in the
New York Tribune. The streets are
narrow, and the patient file of horses
and burrows wended their way to
ward the blessing. Last January I
witnessed this curious spectacle:
Dogs, of course, were more numer
ous. One dear little dirty, three
legged cur, dingy white and yellow,
with precocious eyes, was held in a
baby's arms. /The prettiest creatures
were the turkeys. There is a pecu
liar affinity between a peon and a
turkey. The A/tec name is always
used, although the Spanish "pavo" is
easier to say than "gaulajote." This
combination of letters, when pro
nounced by the knowing, sounds ex
actly me the-turkey's talk, even more
characteristic than our english ''gob-
ble, gobble, gobble."
While waiting for the padre I saw
half a dozen men and Avomen squat
ting, their arms carelessly thrown
mer thgse red wattled, imposing
rowl. Our uncle Bill's a bachelor, an' it's an
awful shame
'Cuz he knows stmits about bears an'
knows 'era all name
An' growls 'ist like a really one an'
makes you think a bear
Is underneath th' table, but of course it
nn't there
An' w'en he takes you on his knee he
talks Mst like a book
An' after Ho our ejes get big an'
you're a-soait to look
Wen he sas "Non a bear come out an'
'ist went Boo-oo-oo!"
Becuz almost think a bear Is really
alter ou
An 'en he plays wild Indian an' hides
himself somewheres
Wile we look in th' comers an' behind
th' parlor chairs,
An' peek in th' daik closets "an' p'tend
we'ie on a scout
Till after w'llo he makes a hoop an' en'
comes rushin' out
'1st like he's on th' warpath an' us chin
nern run upstairs
An' hide in mamma's closet an' he makes
us think 'at heais
Are comin' in to get us an' he growls 'ist
like he's one.
An' my! we'ie turble seart an' yet it's
awful lots o' fun.
23t
Away back in the forties George
E. Brickett and Moses S. Wilson were
classmates in college and were also
roommates. In after life both be
came eminent and highly respected
members of the medical profession.
Many thousand people in Maine and
all over New England will remember
Dr. George E. Brickett as surgeon in
charge of the Cony United States
general hospital at Augusta, Maine,
during the civil war. Dr. Wilson prac
ticed medicine in Lincoln, Maine, for
upward of fifty years.
Both Brickett and Wilson were de
cidedly of the "wide'awake" class of
students. Wilson, especially, was of
a wild, rollicking nature, not in the
least Inclined to "serious" thoughts.
A revival of religion of more than
usual interest., was in progress, and
many of the students were drawn into
^MMSiMmp^,^,,'^
im^^m*?
APPEAL KEEPS IN FRONT
r- BECAUSE:
1It aims to publish ail the news possible.
2It does so impartially, wasting no words-
3-Its correspondents are able and energetic-
QVBE"R BLESSI/fG OF BEASTS
There were also parrots and
paroquets, pigeons and ducks and
swans, a dozen of them, ungainly and
serpentlike, out of their native ele
ment, and a pair of peacocks also.
Sheep, more black than white for
black sheep are the fashion in Mex
ico, added to the biblical effect.
John Philip Sousa has had some ex
periences decidedly out of the ordi
nary, but he himself is authoiity for
the statement that he met with the
most unusual, and perhaps the most
terrifying, in a quiet little town in
provincial England.
It was almost as bad as Edgar
Allan Poe come to life," says he.
when relating the happening. "It was
before I opened at the Alhambra last
Spring, and the tour had been most
trying. On the night in question I
had turned in the very first minute
I could get away alter the evening
concert, and I lemember I was so
tired that I never touched the fruit
and sandwiches always left in my
bedroom. I slept like a log, of course,
though once I wakened (as I recalled
the next morning), thinking I heard
the plate pushed about on the lunch
eon table. I think I sat up in bed
and looked aiound, but I'm sure I saw
nothing, and I was asleep again an
instant later.
"Next morning I was conscious of
the entry of the man with the hot
water, but what brought me really to
my senses was his exclamation that
The first steel square was made by
Silas Hawes at South Shaftsbury, Vt.,
ninety-five years ago, and the indus
try is still canied on at the same
place.
Hawes was a blacksmith and wheel
wright and was called upon to do
some repairing to the cart of a ped
dler. These fellows were always re
luctant to let any hard coin get away
lrom them and whenever possible
they paid their bills by making some
sort of trade.
On this particular occasion the ped
dler had in his cart a number of saws
which had been discarded as worn
past redemption and Hawes, conceiv
ing the idea that he could make use
of them, took several of them in lieu
of payment for the work he had
done. He cut these lengths of metal
up into suitable sizes and made
squares and rules of them.
The tools became popular at once
HAT) Aff X/fiWELCOME VISITOR
STEEL SQVAHES F*ROM SAWS
TLAyTIME OF 'BACHELO'R 31LL
WILSOfi'S GOOD r^A^ETt
pnm
One old -man passed me with a
strange glitter in his eye. His lett
hand was thrust into his breast and
his shifting, restless glance made me
shudder. What was the secret thing
he carried in his bosom for a bless
ing? Strangely attracted, 1 moved to
ward him, but a soft sibilant hiss
made me see snakes and I gave him
a wide berth.
A small pig followed the padre as
he wound his way through^the crowd.
San Antonio Abad is always followed
by a pig, and in some Italian city
there is a famous painting called
"The Saint and His Page," the page
in this case being a pig. A woman
behind me couldn't understand this,
bur an Irishman explained it to her
satisfaction by suggesting that the
pig represented gluttony and to cast
out that devil was the greatest mira
cle of all.
There was a good deal of kicking
and jumping about to begin with, but I
whether the beasts were hypnotized
by the shining crucifix that preceded
the padre or their dumb souls were
touched by the Lord Himself, I can
not tell. I do know that as the little
procession came out of the church
door a silence fell over the square.
The animals stood immovable. Even
the parrots stopped their chattering
and I heard quite clearly the sound of
a humming bee among the red blos
soms of a tree.
the room was 'all in a mess.' It surely
was. There were blacK footmarks
everywhere, on the furniture, on the
carpet, even on the dresser the bed
itself being about the only spot not
trodden upon. The sandwiches were
gone so was the fiuit. As I climbed
into my dressing gown I had a hazy
idea ot discovering a tramp some
where about, but a moment later I
had seen that the footprints came
from a big climney place and appar
ently returned there again. 'We'll
smoke him out,' said I.
"Before the blaze from the morn
ing's paper had got a good start there
tumbled down from that chimney a
baboon nearly as big as I am. The
way the valet and I got out into the
hall was a sight to see. We slammed
the door alter us and sent in an
alarm. Twenty minutes later one of
the keepers lrom a nearby circus was
unconcernedly leading off the tamest,
meekest monkey of his size in the
orld.
"But it was a startling thing to
have happen before breakfast! There
was a little too much of "The Mur
ders in the Rue Morgue' about it.'"
and sold tor $5 and $6, most of the
business being done through the ped
dler who had been the means of
bringing the saws to Mr. Hawes.
At first the blacksmith made the
tools only at odd times when he had
nothing else on hand, but the demand
became so great that he had to make
special arrangements for their manu
facture, and the industry grew into
one of rather imposing proportions.
Mr. Hawres
had been engaged in
the manufacture of the squares for
several years before it occurred to
him to take out a patent on the new
implement. He did this ultimately
and began the manufacture of them
in earnest, erecting a factory for this
purpose.
The plant has been enlarged sev
eral times, but steel squares are now
made on the site where the first one
was laboriously formed by the old
blacksmith. An' 'en he is a piiate an' he makes
clunnein jla
'At we aie in a -.hipwreck an' th' crew is
cast away
I'pon a desoit island w'ere his treasure
(he ir hid.
An' we aie onlv sailors an' his name is
Captain Kidd
An' en we hrai him connn' he 'ist loars
an* 'en we iun.
'Cuz he has bioomsticks for a sword an'
poke is toi a gun.
An' altci w'lle he kills us all but It don't
hurt, an' w'en
He ?ails away his big ship we come
to life again.
'En after w'ile our mother comes an' taps
him on th' head.
An' says it's time for bears an' scouts
an' things to be in bed.
An' leads us chinnern all upstairs an'
mnvbe if we keep
Right still she 11 let th' candle burn until
we go to sleep.
'En after w'ile our uncle Bill comes up tc
say goodnight.
An' sees how nug an' warm we are an'
all fucked in so tight.
An' 'en he kisses us goodnight an' *en
his eves 'ist blur.
I guess we make him sorry 'at he is a
bachelor!
J. W. Foley in New Yoik Times.'
the vortex. But no one supposed tfyat
Mose Wilson could be affected or in
fluenced in the slightest degree by
any religious movement.
Brickett one evening strolled into
the revival meeting, as much out of
curiosity'as anything, and. to his great
surprise, saw Wilson there on his
knees, in the midst of a very fervent
prayer, which greatly moved' the
hearts of all his hearers.
After meeting was over Brickett and
Wilson went directly to their room.
Wilson's sudden conversion was so
surprising that Brickett, out of deli
cacy, refrained from mentioning the
matter to his friend, and the subject
was not mentioned by either until,
just before getting ready to jump into
bed, Wilson, with all the solemnity of
an elder, turned to his friend with trie
question: "Brickett, didn'i I make a
darned good prayer."
4A P^wVri'
%r~
THE
Every schoolboy knows what a pin
wheel is and how by blowing he can
spin, yet there are few educated men
Dutside the ranks of engineers who
have any but the vaguest idea of
what a turbine is. Therefore, it may
astonish many people to know that a
turbine is nothing but a series of pin
wheels, one behind the other, fixed
to a shaft which turns with them.
For the breath with which the boy
blows the paper pinwheel a jet of
steam is substituted, and fixed to the
inside of the cylinder in which the
pinwheels revolve is a series of sta
tionary blades projecting into the
space between each wheel and set at
such an angle that they will deflect
the stream of steam to strike the pin
wheels at the angle which will give
the most force.
Defective Page
This Marvellous New Plan for Driving
Great Steamships across the Ocean is
Like a Series of Pinwheels on a Shaft
with Blades to Direct the Current
using Steam instead of Air*
There is the simplest description of
turbine ever written.
W. Owen Williams, member of the
[nstitution of Engineers and Ship
builders in Scotland, and a famous
aaval architect, in the introduction to
ais book on turbine steamers:
"The Parsons turbine consists of a
cylindrical case with numerous rings
Df inwardly projecting blades. Within
this cylinder, which is of variable in
ternal diameter, is a shaft or spindle,
and on this spindle are mounted
blades. The diametei^ of the spindle
is less than the internal diameter ot
the cylinder, and thus an annular
space is left between the two. This
space is occupied by the blades, and it
is through these the steam flows. The
steam enters the cylinder by means
of an annular port at the forward
end it meets a ring of fixed guide
blades which deflects it so that it
strikes the adjoining ring of moving
blades at such an angle that it exerts
on them a rotary impulse. Wh en the
steam leaves these blades it has nat
urally been deflected. The second
ring of fixed blades is therefore inter
posed and these direct the steam on
to the second ring of ^rotating blades.
The same thing occurs with succeed
ing rings of guide and moving blades
until the steam escapes at the ex
haust passage."
Any boy of average intelligence can
make a turbine that will run a good
Bized boat, but unless he has had
some experience in the use of tools
and solder he will do well to employ
a tinsmith to help him. The model
turbine illustrated here was made of
tin, and the picture shows the princi
ple upon which it works, the upper
half of the cylinder having been re
moved.
This little machine is exactly the
same in principle as that which drives
the giant Cunard steamer Carmania
across the Atlantic. But these differ
ences must be noted: Where the mod
el'has only five rings of eight blades
each the turbine a steamer has
perhaps a hundred rings, each com
posed of many hundreds of blades, as
may be seen in the upper picture and
the stationary blades on the inside of
the cylinder are equally numerous.
This is the only essential difference,
and it is one of proportion, and not of
principle.
To make a model such as this, buy
a square steel shaft one-eighth of an
inch in diameter and five inches long
turn it round in a lathe, or have it
turned if you possess no lathe, for
throe-eighths of an inch at each end.
Get a tinsmith to stamp five circles of
thin tin, each one inch in diameter,
nj^vSacr ^I^K^^^KBVoS^fS1
and to bore a square hole one-eighth
of an inch in diameter in the exact
center of each. With a pair of shears
cut eight radiating slits in each of
these disks, and with a pair of pincers
twist the blades thus formed until
they lie like the blades of a propeller
at an angle of about forty-five degrees
Solder these upon the shaft, spaced
evenly. This is the spindle of the tur
bine.
Have a tinsmith cut and bend two
pieces of tin three and three-quarter
Inches long and of such width that
rhen soldered' together they will
Eorm a cylinder one and one-eighth
inches in diameter. Place your spin
ale with its blades in these half
sylinders and with a pencil mark a
line exactly in the middle between
sach ring of blades. Upon these lines
must be soldered the stationary
blades.
ST. PAUL AND MINNEAP fcfc ft.. K. TUBDAY. MAECB 31, 1906.
The easiest way to make these
blades is to cut strips of tin about
one-half inch in diameter and in
length to fit the-%Mde of each of
your half cylinders^ before bending
these, cut them ii#o teeth, shaped
like the teeth of a ,|aw with a pair
of pincers bend thes*e teeth back, be
ing careful that tlley point in the
direction,opposite to the blades on
the shaft. Then solder these strips
of teeth upon yourf half cylinders
along the lines dra^n with your pen
cil.
A cap for each end of the cylinder
must be made of tin bored in the cen
ter ior the ends of the shaft, and hav
ing two one-eighth inch holes cut in
each, opposite to each other, those
on the fore end to receive the steam
pipes and those at the rear the ex
haust. I
Before soldering the two halves of
the cylinder together and the caps
on each end place the spindle in posi
tion, see that its blades do not en
gage the stationary'' teeth and that
the latter point in the direction op
posite to the former.
You may find it necessary to solder
a tiny washer or t^o at one end or
Shaft of Real Turbine Showing the
Blades.
the other to prevent the shaft froro
slipping back and forth and the teeth
from catching, but if the tin has
been carefully cut the square part of
the shaft should just touch the inside
of the cylinder head and tail-piece and
thus hold it rigid.
Buy five cents' worth of one-eighth
inch brass or copper tubing, attach it
to the two holes in the cylinder head
and connect it with 5'our boiler, which
you had better buy at some shop
where they sell mechanical toys,
though you can make it yourself with
out difficulty, or have1
a tinsmith make
it for you.
The steam will enter at the two
holes, one on either side, and strike
the frst circle of stationary blades
which you have been careful to bend
to an angle which will turn it to strike
the first of the circle of blades upon
the shaft these in turning deflect it,
but the second circle of stationary
blades will again turn it to strike the
second circle of blades upon the shaft
at the right angle and so on, until
the steam has done its work upon
each of the five "pinwheels" and it
flies out at the two exhaust holes.
You can mount a fly-wheel or a
screw propeller upon the rear end of
your shaft and you will be astonished
0BL A
E
FKIKCtPL
6
at the speed with which it revolves.
A boy who has been through a
good manual training school will be
able to make a turbine of brass,
which will be more serviceable'than
that of tin, but he should file out his
blades, both the stationary .and mov
ing ones, and make them much more
numerous and of much smaller size
than it is possible to make of tin.
It is not necessary to go into the de
tails of such a turbine, for any boy
who has the mechanical skill to make
one will be able to discover how.
On an ocean steamerand there
are now many operated by turbines,
the new Allan liners, the boats that
cross the English channel and several
warships and yachts, besides the giant
Carmaniathe spindle of the turbine
gradually increases in size, to make
better use of the expansion of the
steam, and on many three turbines
'Mffi^
are used, one operated by high pres
sure steam, one intermediate and one
low pressure.
The turbine is really very simple,
for after all it is nothing but a series
of pinwheels on a shaft.
VAST PRODUCTIVITY OF CHINA.
One Fact That Has Greatly Impressed
Sir Ian Hamilton.
One of the impressions which Sir
Ian Hamilton of the British army ob
tained while accompanying the Japa
nese army in Manchuria and which he
describes in his "Scrap Book of a
Staff Officer" is the tremendous pro
ductive power of the Chinese. He
sajs that he never saw anywhere in
the world men work more industrious
ly and in some respects more intelli
gently, and this upon a basis of com
pensation infinitesimally small when
compared with that demanded in-the
western world. He entirely supports
the contention of the labor leaders of
the United States that Chinese labor
must be excluded, because he affirms
that if it were permitted to enter into
competition \s ith the ordinary labor of
America it could not fail to acquire an
ascendency over it, not on account of
degraded habits and methods of liv
ing, but simply because the Chinese
put their shoulder to the wheel of
work with a determination and per
sistency which workmen elsewhere do
not exhibit.Boston Herald.
Uncle Samuel's Exports.
Uncle Sam's leading markets, next
to the United Kingdom, Germany and
France, are Belgium and the Nether
I lands, almost the smallest of European
countiies. The United Kingdom is the
largest European purchaser of Amer
ican commodities, Germany next, then
France, then the Netherlands, then
Belgium. The total exports from
America to the Netherlands amounted
in 1905 to $73,000,000, and America's
imports from the Netherlands to prac
tically $22,000,000. American exports
to Belgium in 1905 amounted to $38,-
500,000, and our total imports there
from practically $26,000,000 resulting
in a total of $160,000,000 of trade with
these two small countries whose com
bined area is less than that of the
state of Ohio and whose combined
,naP4Mon is .but $12^)0^4$^^^^
Civil Above Military Rule.
The English public will probably
await with interest the result of the
action of John Morley, secretary of
state for India, who has just indicat
ed his purpose to recognize the su
premacy of the civil government in
matters relating to the conduct of af
fairs in India, even including mili
tary iffairs. The clash between Lord
Curzon and Gen. Lord Kitchener over
exactly this point was decided by the
Balfour ministry in favor of the lat
ter. Mr. Morley's* purpose may bring
about a resignation of Lord Kitchen
er, just as Mr. Balfour's decision
brought about the resignation of Lord
Curzon, and just how the English peo
ple vil receive this turning down of
one of their great military heroes is
problematical.Boston Herald.
New Turbine Locomotive.
After turbine steamers, turbine lo
comotives. Prof. Johann Stumpf of
Charlottenburg, Germany, has secured
patents on an adaptation of the steam
turbine to locomotives. He proposes
to divide the turbine into stages, dis
tributing one on each driving axle of
the locomotive, and the steam from
the boiler to pass through the several
stages in succession. A turbine is
mounted on the axle on the outside of
each driving wheel. With three driv
ing axles the steam is conveyed by a
pipe from the boiler to the first tur-
SIATIONARY
~5 &. itL^t.
"BLAD^ GRAY 6LAPES
bine on the one side, then to the oth
er. It is then in succession conveyed
to the three turbines on the other
side of the locomotive, from the third
of which the steam pipe leads the ex
haust to the exhaust blast nozzle.
High Praise for Tobacco.
At the University club banquet in
Washington a few nights ago they
gave "Uncle Joe" Cannon a cigar
three feet long. It may or may not
have been made of tobacco.
Representative Longworth, return
ing to his duties in the House after
his honeymoon, brought for Uncle Joe
a cigar made of the best Havana to
bacco and about eighteen inches long.
Uncle Joe took it, smelled cf it,
turned it over and over, and caressed
it lovingly. "By gum, Nick," he said,
"it looks good enough to put cream
on and eat."
im^ifiiiwnwiiiA'ii^iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiwiiiiiii ii
ITHE
Senator Cullom is included in the
list ot speakers on the programme foi
the Kentucky "Home-coming week re
union," June 13 to 17. The programme
for the week included the dedication
of monuments to Stephen Collins Fos
ter, author ot "My Old Kentucky
Horae." and Daniel Boone.
Gen. J. Warren Keifer has been IC
nominated tor Congress by acclama
tion at the convention of Seventh
district Republicans at Springfield.
Ohio.
Senator Cullom
It is a rather late dav to eay that it
was a mistake 1o give the right of suf
frage to the Afro-American. As a rc
silt ot the civil war, the right to vote
was given to the Afro-American by an
amendment to the constitution. H
will keep it*. No attempt will be made
to take it from him, and it is useless
to discuss such a proposition. His
right ill neither be denied nor abridg
ed
Instead ot asserting that it was a
mistake to gi\e the Atro-American Ihe
rights* of citizenship, we should de
vote all ou,- thoughts and energies to
r&ise him to the point to qualify him
to exercise his precious right. We
should educate him and do everything
in our power to make a good citizen of
the Afro-American. He needs encour
agement, and we owe it to ourselves
to do all in our power to elevate him.
We should not discourage him by
asserting that it was a mistake to give
him the right of a franchise, especially
as he has enjoyed that right for more
than half a generation. It was given
to him by the people of ths United
States, as the State Legislatures, act
ing for the people, voted for the amend
ment to the constitution which
gave citizenship to the Afro-American.
Our mission is to build up and not to
tear down.
In addition to educating the Afro
American we should teach him how
to sustain himself and to make an hon
est, industrious and provident citizen.
APPEAL STEADILY GAINS
BECAUSE:
4rIt is the organ of ALL Afro-Americans.
5It is not controlled by any ring or clique
6It asks no support but the people's.
The City of Magnificent Dis=
tances
A Collection cf ELvents Occurring Among
the People of The Capital of This Great
and Glorious Nation and Condensed for
the Hasty Perusal of our Many IVea.desr.
Special Correspondence THE APPEAL. As a le&ult oi the conflict ot authoi-
Washington, March 28.But for the ity between the United States S^-
piompt arrival o"t the police Monday preme Comt and the Department ot
night Joseph Davis, an Afro-American, Justice growing out of the Chatta-
would have been a victim of lynch law i nooaa lynchine case, it i&, probable the
on Pennsylvania avenue. Davis was men concarned in the lynching o*
ariested, charged with robbing the' Johnson will have to lace two sets ot
money drawer of Hing Lee, a China-1 prosecutions
man, proprietor of a laundry. The Depaitment of Justice is pio
Pennsylvania avenue, despite the feeding to prosecute the lynchers un-
large crowd, was unusually quiet, der sections 5508-9 of the Revised
when suddenly rang out the cry: .Statutes, and it is the present inten
"Clatch lim' thliet' Him stleele my i tion of the Sapreme Comt officials to
money'" .bring Sheriff Shipp and any members
Pedestrians turned to look for Ihcjol the mob who may be apprehended
cause ot the cries. They saw a thick beioie the court on contempt proceed
set, poorly dressed man, running tor I ings
dsar lite, closely followed by a China-1
man in native costume. In a letter to the President, Otto C.
Inbtantly 1he avenue was in an up-j Heggen, of D?s Moines. Iowa, respect-
roar. fully tenders to him his resignation
Men and women joined in the pur-1 as a crizen ot the United States
suit, and at Four-and-a-halt-street the' The letter containing the unprece-
man was brought to bay. dented request was referred to the
For a few minutes it looked dark ior. State Department which in turn wrote
Da\is. That there was more than one the Iowa man that it was impossible
hot-headed man in the crowd was evi-' for the government to accept hi.-? resm
dent from the cries. nation.
Davis was punched, kicked, and The applicant, who desires to be
thrown on the pavement. When the made a man without a country, gives
police arm 3d he was badly bruised as his reason that he cannot support
and cut by the blows recened lrom I the Constitution ot the United State-
men in the crowd. Jt the resignation of all persons who
The presence of the police quieted do not support the Constitution wer^
the crowd, and Davis, badly disfigured called fov there would be very l',jw
and trembling with fear, was taken to Caucasian Americans lett in the South
the station house.
Reports oi the btate auditor ot Vii-
In accordance with the report of the aina show that ihe Airo Americans of
Committee on Elections, Jonah Kal-J that 'tale own $5 384.316 worth of pe"-
anianoale. Delegate from Hawaii, has sonal property aid $lo,00U.0( in real
been seated The contestant tor his estate.
sea' was Curtis P. laukea
Representative Fredeiick Landis,
John McGowan supposed to be according to leports received Wabh
ington. has again carried the Eleventh
Indiana district and will he renominat
ed for a thud term at the Republican
om ention
W Johnson of New York to be consul .the elementary and pi act kal educa
at Puerto Cabello, Venezuela.
Advice.* from Chicago are to the ef
fect that William Lorimer will be re
turned to Congress next tall with no
opposition from his own party. There
has been t?lk ot an opposition candi
date but he failed to mateiiali/e This
will be gratifying news to Mr Lori- i in the city
rner's many friends in Illinois
$2.40 PER YEAJtL
INGTON
the only person who escaped trom Lib
by Pnso^i in daylight, died in this
city jesteiday morning.
Mr. M^Gowan had been bedridden
for nine years as a result ot disease
contiacted when confined in the rebel
prison.
Mr. McGowan was born in Ne\v
York City. At the outbreak of the
civil war. whem he was living in Balti
more, he enlisted in and became color
bearer of the First Maryland Regi
ment, United States Volunteers. He
was captured by the Confederates,
nianaged to escape, and was, retaken ^m^smsaaium.
and sent to~Beire~Isle~lFrrso"iTand after- ^nnmWmBfirimGCnuTBto
ward transferred to Libby from whioh arc! University Friday night held a
he escaped. reunion and annual banqtiPt, wheie
I graduates of classes '75 to '05 gath
Congressman Watson, of Indiana. U-ied to honor their Alma Matei
whose State lecently passed an aud- 4.mong the guests were Dr F. W. Fan-
cigarette law. will introduce a bill this field, acting president of the umversi-
week levying a tax of 1 cent on eachjiy Pi of Miller, Dr Tunnell, Di
100 sheets of cigarette papers. Shadd Mr Posey. Mr. Wetherlesh,
[Mr. Thomas and Mr. Smith Many
Senator Tillman, of South Carolina. toasts were responded to
whose second term will close next i
March, is engaged in writing "A De- John Sharp Williams, minontv
fense ot the Senate" tor publication. House leader, has introduced a bill
I to incorporate the Industiial Eduea
The Piesideni has nominated Jam.-'S i
Views of Senator Shelby M. Cullom and
Senator Albert J. HopKins Thereon.
iilit 'd&xiiM
li Niagaia Falls are to be preserved
as one ot the wonders ot the world im
mediate action by the United States
and Canada is required, according to
the findings of the Ameiican membei
of the International Waterways Com
mission, which has for a year been
studying the conditions at the Falls
and in the tributary Grsat Lakes.
tional League ol the South, to piomo'e
tion ot such untorrunate white persons
in the Southern States as a/e not a*
present provided with suitable iiistruc
tion in either the public oi othei
schools.
Congressman Mann ot Illinois, has
introduced a bill to legalise the natu
ralization of about thirty thousand pei
son^ who obtained theii pap3r- from
the criminal court of Cook County
Reoiesentative Mann said that juslice
demanded that the naturalization be
legalized as it had been sought by the
p?isons in good faith.
Mr. F. L. Barnett, Assistant States
Attorney, of Chicago was in the city
this week the guest ol Ex-congress
man Geo H. White.
AFROsAMERICAN SUFFRAGE
Mr L. Hamilton of Minneapolis
Jfe*
D. H. W.
Senator-elect Hopkins:
I cannot agree with lho.se who think
the Atro-American has not progressed
or that the fifteenth amendment has
not helped him. In the North, where
the proportion of blacks to whites is
small the improvement has. of course,
been more rapid than in the South.
Look at the high average of intelli
gence among the Afro-Americans :n
one of the middle western states.
Opinions differ as to the condition
of the plantation Afro-American, but
I believe that most of those who think
that he is going backward are notori
ously prejudiced against him. I have
talked with representatives who were
members of Congress when the fif
teenth amendment was passed. ^Tbey
voted for it because they could find no
other way in which to protect him in
ihe enjoyment of his civil rights. Af
ter many years they were of the opin
ion that they acted rightly.
The Afro-American has come a long
way in a short time. W are inclined
to be impatient and to forget that it
took the white man centuries to de
velop his civilization.
The above interviews were printed
in 1903.
Fined Under Cullom Law.
Louisville, Ky.Hollis H. Price, for
merly of the Price Barton Hay Com
pany, who pleaded guilty in the Fed
eral Court of falsifying weights and
conspiracy to violate the interstate
commerce laws, was fined $1,025.'
4-C

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